CN103739410B - A kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer - Google Patents

A kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer Download PDF

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CN103739410B
CN103739410B CN201410022691.5A CN201410022691A CN103739410B CN 103739410 B CN103739410 B CN 103739410B CN 201410022691 A CN201410022691 A CN 201410022691A CN 103739410 B CN103739410 B CN 103739410B
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continuous cropping
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watermelon
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peat
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CN103739410A (en
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卢亚东
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Harbin Changsheng Jishi Agricultural Development Co., Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer relates to organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield cultivation technology.Raw material comprises the peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag, plant ash, enzymatic microorganism, boric magnesium fertilizer, zinc sulfate, ammonium molybdate, Semen Hydnocarpi, pomegranate root skin, trypterygine, Ningnanmycin, subtilis, thick spore Verticillium, choline chloride 60.The beneficial effect that the present invention produces is, the synergy of each raw material of above-mentioned formula, can fundamentally solve nutrition that watermelon causes because of continuous cropping (particularly organic and trace element etc.) lack uneven, disease and pest germ evil is multiple, the serious watermelon growing problem on obstacle of degradation under quality and yield.Simultaneously because adopting multiple beneficial bacteria agent and herbal medicine organic insecticide, not using high malicious persistent pesticide, avoid and alleviate the harm to HUMAN HEALTH and environment, produce real green non-pollution, pure in mouth feel, organic watermelons that sugariness is high.Take above-mentioned scientific formula, effectively can administer watermelon continuous cropping continuous cropping sick, make watermelon sequential cropping cultivation still can obtain good quality and high output.

Description

A kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer
Technical field:
The present invention relates to cultivating watermelon technology, relate generally to organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield cultivation technology, particularly organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology:
Few owing to ploughing, watermelon rotation of crops difficulty, is afraid of the crop watermelon of continuous cropping plantation most, is second crop soil with can having now the melon of nearly 80% every year.Continuous cropping continuous cropping is because crop is to the selective absorbing of nutrient, soil nutrient is caused to supply unbalance and lack, and use macroelement nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium are only known by peasant household mostly, do not know the nutritional requirement according to watermelon crop, supplement and use moderate-element, trace element, organic matter and cellulose family.Because repeating, use limited several conventional chemical fertilizer in a large number year after year, destroy soil aggregate, destroy soil physics environment; The soil nutrient that continuous cropping causes is unbalance be result in crop and declines to the resistibility of disease and pest, in soil, disease and pest, germ evil increase and increase the weight of, and this most peasant household is only known that use height is malicious, persistent pesticide is prevented and treated, do not understand selection, use environment amenable without poisonous residual vegetable insecticide, sterilant and suitable bio-bacterial manure, then cause soil disease and pest, pathogenic bacterium constantly to breed to increase, increase the weight of, occurred frequently; Meanwhile, continuous cropping also causes crop root to excrete poison to increase, collects tired year after year, produces root system from poison, destroys and inhibit the survival and reproduction environment of soil profitable strain further, thus has increased the weight of the harm of disease and pest, germ evil further.Above-mentioned continuous cropping continuous cropping problem result in the yield of watermelon and declines, and quality becomes bad gradually.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention, be to provide a kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer, supplement the nutritive ingredient such as the soil organism, Mierocrystalline cellulose and various trace elements, improvement edatope, fundamentally hold up strong crop, strengthen the ability of its opposing continuous cropping disease.Select safe microbiobacterial agent and plant organic insecticide simultaneously, improve soil microorganisms environment, effectively kill insect pest.Take above comprehensive control measures, reach and effectively prevent and treat continuous cropping disease, watermelon continuous cropping is achieved higher output, produce that mouthfeel is good, product are of fine quality, the organic watermelons of green non-pollution.
Technical scheme of the present invention is, a kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer, is characterized in that, prepares by the following method:
(1) raw material is got as following weight percent:
(2) preparation method is:
A, peat composed of rotten mosses grinding and processing is become 20-60 order powder; Methane slag dries grinding and processing and becomes 20-60 order powder; Plant ash crosses 20-60 sieve.By peat composed of rotten mosses powder, biogas ground-slag, plant ash is puddled evenly, puddle the process spray enzymatic microorganism aqueous solution, 2 are added in 1000 kilograms of compounds---5 kilograms of ratios take enzymatic microorganism, enzymatic microorganism is watered in 1: 80 ratio, by spray enzymatic microorganism water to puddle stockpile in heaps, cover tightly 2 layers of plastic film, plug in thermometer and observe temperature, fermentation 10---15 days, observe temperature and rise to 60---65 DEG C, take off film stirring one time, pile again and cover tightly 2 layers of plastic film, plug in thermometer and observe temperature, fermentation 10---15 days, observe temperature and rise to 70---when 80 DEG C, treat 24 hours, take off film, ted, air-dry, smash, cross 20-60 mesh sieve.
B, Semen Hydnocarpi, pomegranate root skin, trypterygine to be pulverized, cross 20-60 mesh sieve.
C, by the peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag, plant ash fermentation compound and Semen Hydnocarpi powder, pomegranate root skin powder, trypterygine powder and boric magnesium fertilizer, zinc sulfate, ammonium molybdate, subtilis, thick spore Verticillium pour in mixer, puddle 10-15 minute, choline chloride 60 (concentration 60% aqua) is added 1.5 times of water dilutions by process of puddling, with volume pump atomizing spray in material, again Ningnanmycin (concentration 8% aqua) is added 1.5 times of water dilutions, with volume pump atomizing spray in material.
D, pour the material puddled into extrusion shaping machine, extrusion moulding obtains finished product.
In the present invention's formula:
The peat composed of rotten mosses is a kind of pure natural organic material of aseptic, nontoxic, nuisanceless, pollution-free, noresidue, be rich in the multiple elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, manganese, can be the material such as organic matter, Mierocrystalline cellulose, humic acids that watermelon growing provides abundant, can improved soil nodule structure, regulate soil pH value, the ventilation property of soil can be improved, fertilizer conservation water-retentivity, improve biological flora growing environment in soil, be applicable to probiotics growth and breeding, can urge that root multiplely reaches, robust plant, well grow, strengthen resistance and improve output.
Methane slag is the residue of straw, human and animal excreta anaerobically fermenting in methane-generating pit, and containing comprehensive nutrient and abundant organic matter, wherein part is converted in order to humic acid substance, is that a kind of high-quality is organic rotten fertile.Methane slag also has the effect of improved soil nodule structure, can be Soil Microorganism activity and provides energy substance, accelerates beneficial microorganism partial circulating process in soil, soil fertility is improved.
Plant ash is a kind of quick-acting potash fertilizer; secondly phosphorous more; simultaneously again containing the nutritive element such as nitrogen, silicon, calcium, magnesium, boron, manganese, zinc, copper needed for a certain amount of watermelon; improvement acid soil is effective; can be supplemented the nutrients element the growing of cover crop root system again; have additional nutrients absorbed dose, improves output.Plant ash also has soil sterilization, suppresses disease and pest effect, can prevent the disease such as stem wilt, root rot.
The above-mentioned peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag, plant ash compound ferment through enzymatic microorganism, make it to become green organic ferment fertilizer.The beneficial organism active function group that enzymatic microorganism is made up of bacterium, actinomycetes, fungi three major types, tens kinds of bacterium and enzyme, it can not only decompose the various organic substances such as agricultural crop straw and be converted into organic fertilizer, and can decompose the chemical composition such as chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals residual in soil.Its beneficial microorganism of fertilizer of application enzymatic microorganism fabrication techniques can kill the pathogenic bacteria in soil, also can improve that soil reaches that soil property is soft, ventilative comprehensively, water conservation, fertilizer conservation, drought resisting, resistance to overhead flooding injury.The bio-transformation function mainly utilizing enzymatic microorganism beneficial organism active function to roll into a ball in this agent, is organic fertilizer by organic matter transformation, increases soil fertility, improvement soil.
In this agent adopt raw material boric magnesium fertilizer to be boric acid with magnesium sulfate mix fertilizer, micronutrient boron and magnesium can be provided in soil.Zinc sulfate, ammonium molybdate can provide trace element zinc and molybdenum.Enrich these trace elements, the quality of watermelon can be improved, make that sugariness of water-melon is high, mouthfeel good.
Watermelon growing process subterranean pest-insect is more, mainly contains ground maggot, grub, chafer, aphid, red spider, black cutworm etc.The high poison of this bacterial manure, high residue chemical pesticide, but adopt the Chinese herbal medicine pesticide of safety.Herbal medicine Semen Hydnocarpi, pungent, hot, poisonous, toxic action is strong, and the traditional Chinese medical science is used for detoxicating and killing parasites, is the Chinese medicine of the difficult skin stubborn disease for the treatment of, crazy tinea scabies leprosy.Pomegranate root skin is also desinsection herbal medicine simply, and the traditional Chinese medical science is commonly used for treatment enteritis, dysentery, roundworm, tapeworm.Trypterygine is bitter, pungent, cool, very toxic, the traditional Chinese medical science as dispeling the wind, detoxify, desinsection, Mie Cheng spiral shell, malicious mouse etc.Adopt above-mentioned three taste herbal medicine organic insecticides, good disinsection effect, noresidue, to people and animals without harm.
Biological bactericide subtilis, it is the dominant strain of plant rhizosphere Tiny ecosystem, multiple Anti-bacterium, antiviral immunity material can be produced by inducing plant, can multiple secondary metabolism active result plant pathogenic fungi to antagonistic action of secretion, there is Decomposition to toxin secreted by watermelon continuous cropping self.Can promote that beneficial microorganism grows, various active enzyme and VITAMIN, amino acids material can be synthesized in own growth process, have and promote plant growth, decompose the toxic substance such as nutrient, degrading nitrite and hydrogen sulfide, balanced soil pH value in release soil, improve watermelon resistance and output.
Thick spore Verticillium, it is a kind of microbial pesticide, various plants nematode " natural enemy ", it is the primary insecticide of Plant nematode biochemistry control, sprout in a large number after thick spore Verticillium spore is manured into soil, form real silk net, optionally identify the female worm of nematode and worm's ovum, and it is infected, parasitic.The female worm of nematode is by dead after parasitism, and decrease the breeding of nematode, line eggs can not be hatched by after parasitism.
Ningnanmycin is a kind of low toxicity, noresidue plant disease-resistant viral disease choice drug, and to preventing and treating root rot, stem rot is effective, plant strain growth can be made healthy and strong, increase the yield of watermelon.
Choline chloride 60 is a kind of Fruit increasing agent and photosynthesis promoter.Can strengthen watermelon to the conversion of nutrition and absorption, to gourd, fruit and vegetable, particularly tuberous plant Fruit effect of increasing production is obvious, can increase the yield of watermelon and quality.
The beneficial effect that the present invention produces is, adopt the synergy of each raw material of above-mentioned formula, can fundamentally solve nutrition that watermelon causes because of continuous cropping continuous cropping (particularly organic and trace element etc.) lack uneven, disease and pest germ evil is multiple, the serious watermelon growing problem on obstacle of degradation under quality and yield.Simultaneously because adopting multiple beneficial bacteria agent and herbal medicine organic insecticide, do not use height persistent pesticide, avoid watermelon and remain riskiest pesticide, contaminated soil environmental problem, the harm to HUMAN HEALTH and environment can be alleviated, produce real green non-pollution, pure in mouth feel, watermelon that sugariness is high.Because taking above-mentioned scientific formula, effectively can administer watermelon continuous cropping continuous cropping sick, making watermelon sequential cropping cultivation still can obtain good quality and high output.
Embodiment:
To process 1000 kilograms of products of the present invention, get raw material:
Preparation method is:
Peat composed of rotten mosses grinding and processing is become 20 order powder; Methane slag dries grinding and processing and becomes 20 order powder; Plant ash crosses 20 mesh sieves.Peat composed of rotten mosses powder, biogas ground-slag, plant ash are puddled evenly, puddle the process spray enzymatic microorganism aqueous solution, add 2 in 1000 kilograms of compounds---5 kilograms of ratios take enzymatic microorganism, and present embodiment takes enzymatic microorganism 2 kilograms, is watered dilution in 1: 80 ratio.By spray enzymatic microorganism water to puddle stockpile in heaps, cover tightly 2 layers of plastic film, plug in thermometer and observe temperature, fermentation 10-15 days, observes temperature and rises to 60-65 DEG C, take off film stirring one time, pile again and cover tightly 2 layers of plastic film, plug in thermometer and observe temperature, fermentation 10---15 days, observe temperature and rise to 70---when 80 DEG C, treat 24 hours, take off film, ted, air-dry, smash, cross 20 mesh sieves.
Semen Hydnocarpi, pomegranate root skin, trypterygine are pulverized, crosses 20 mesh sieves.
The fermentation compound of the peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag, plant ash and Semen Hydnocarpi powder, pomegranate root skin powder, trypterygine powder and boric magnesium fertilizer, zinc sulfate, ammonium molybdate, subtilis, thick spore Verticillium are poured in mixer, puddle 15 minutes, choline chloride 60 (concentration 60% aqua) is added 1.5 times of water dilutions by process of puddling, diluent is 25 kilograms, with volume pump atomizing spray in material, Ningnanmycin (concentration 8% aqua) is added 1.5 times of water dilutions, diluent is 25 kilograms, puddles process air pump and is puddled in material by Ningnanmycin spray.
Pour the material puddled into extrusion shaping machine, extrusion moulding obtains finished product.
Add 30 kilograms of diluting waters, the finished product weight is 1030 kilograms.

Claims (1)

1. a making method for organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer, is characterized in that, is to prepare by the following method:
(1) raw material is got as following weight percent:
Preparation method is:
A, peat composed of rotten mosses grinding and processing is become 20-60 order powder; Methane slag dries grinding and processing and becomes 20-60 order powder; Plant ash crosses 20-60 mesh sieve; Peat composed of rotten mosses powder, biogas ground-slag, plant ash are puddled evenly, puddle the process spray enzymatic microorganism aqueous solution, add 2 in 1000 kilograms of compounds---5 kilograms of ratios take enzymatic microorganism, and enzymatic microorganism is watered dilution in 1: 80 ratio; By spray enzymatic microorganism water to puddle stockpile in heaps, cover tightly 2 layers of plastic film, plug in thermometer and observe temperature, fermentation 10---15 days, observe temperature and rise to 60---65 DEG C, take off film stirring one time, pile again and cover tightly 2 layers of plastic film, plug in thermometer and observe temperature, fermentation 10---15 days, observe temperature and rise to 70---when 80 DEG C, treat 24 hours, take off film, ted, air-dry, smash, cross 20-60 mesh sieve
B, Semen Hydnocarpi, pomegranate root skin, trypterygine to be pulverized, cross 20-60 mesh sieve,
C, the fermentation compound of the peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag, plant ash and Semen Hydnocarpi powder, pomegranate root skin powder, trypterygine powder and boric magnesium fertilizer, zinc sulfate, ammonium molybdate, subtilis, thick spore Verticillium are poured in mixer, puddle 10-15 minute, process of puddling by mass percent concentration be 60% choline chloride 60 add the dilution of 1.5 times of water, with volume pump atomizing spray in material, by mass percent concentration be again 8% aqua Ningnanmycin add the dilution of 1.5 times of water, puddle process air pump atomizing spray in material
D, pour the material puddled into extrusion shaping machine, extrusion moulding obtains finished product.
CN201410022691.5A 2014-01-10 2014-01-10 A kind of making method of organic watermelons continuous cropping high yield compound bacterial fertilizer Active CN103739410B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015160618A1 (en) * 2014-04-16 2015-10-22 Bayer Cropscience Lp Compositions comprising ningnanmycin and a biological control agent
CN104262027B (en) * 2014-10-18 2016-11-02 绥宁县纳金食品有限责任公司 A kind of plant disease-resistant fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104692928A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-06-10 蔡英明 Method for overcoming plant continuous cropping by virtue of balanced fertilization and pesticide application
CN105199995B (en) * 2015-10-27 2018-08-28 山西省农业科学院生物技术研究中心 One kind overcoming the special micro-ecological complex bacterial agent of watermelon continuous cropping and application process

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1263073A (en) * 1999-02-07 2000-08-16 张福祥 Special-purpose second crop fertilizer for water melon and musk melon
CN101613226A (en) * 2009-07-22 2009-12-30 山东光大肥业科技有限公司 A kind of watermelon organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN101885637A (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-11-17 闫家良 Fertilizer special for increasing yield of water melons
CN102372528A (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-03-14 张红霞 Method for processing compound fertilizer for watermelon
CN102643139A (en) * 2012-04-11 2012-08-22 安徽瑞然生物药肥科技有限公司 Active biological medicine fertilizer specially used for watermelon
CN102942423A (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-02-27 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Specialized organic/inorganic composite biological medicine fertilizer for watermelon, and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1263073A (en) * 1999-02-07 2000-08-16 张福祥 Special-purpose second crop fertilizer for water melon and musk melon
CN101885637A (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-11-17 闫家良 Fertilizer special for increasing yield of water melons
CN101613226A (en) * 2009-07-22 2009-12-30 山东光大肥业科技有限公司 A kind of watermelon organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special and preparation method thereof
CN102372528A (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-03-14 张红霞 Method for processing compound fertilizer for watermelon
CN102643139A (en) * 2012-04-11 2012-08-22 安徽瑞然生物药肥科技有限公司 Active biological medicine fertilizer specially used for watermelon
CN102942423A (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-02-27 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Specialized organic/inorganic composite biological medicine fertilizer for watermelon, and preparation method thereof

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Effective date of registration: 20191231

Address after: Yang Shu Xiang Yong Kang Cun, Acheng District, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province

Patentee after: Harbin Changsheng Jishi Agricultural Development Co., Ltd

Address before: 266700, building four, building 167, No. 57, Changzhou Road, Pingdu, Shandong, 408

Patentee before: Lu Yadong