KR101132712B1 - Environment-friendly organic agricultural products for soil insect pest control - Google Patents

Environment-friendly organic agricultural products for soil insect pest control Download PDF

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KR101132712B1
KR101132712B1 KR1020090091280A KR20090091280A KR101132712B1 KR 101132712 B1 KR101132712 B1 KR 101132712B1 KR 1020090091280 A KR1020090091280 A KR 1020090091280A KR 20090091280 A KR20090091280 A KR 20090091280A KR 101132712 B1 KR101132712 B1 KR 101132712B1
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soil
eco
pest control
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윤채혁
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/38Solanaceae [Potato family], e.g. nightshade, tomato, tobacco or chilli pepper
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests containing liquids as carriers, diluents or solvents
    • A01N25/04Dispersions, emulsions, suspoemulsions, suspension concentrates or gels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/06Aluminium; Calcium; Magnesium; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates
    • A01N63/50Isolated enzymes; Isolated proteins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/18Euphorbiaceae [Spurge family], e.g. ricinus [castorbean]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/26Meliaceae [Chinaberry or Mahogany family], e.g. mahogany, langsat or neem
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/44Poaceae or Gramineae [Grass family], e.g. bamboo, lemon grass or citronella grass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

유효 살충 성분으로서 아자디락틴과 니코틴 성분을 각각 님오일이나 님박, 아자디락틴 농축분 및 엽연초 가루로서 함유하고, 이에 더하여 식물성 유기물과 동물성 유기물 중에서 선택된 1종 이상의 증량제, 및 토양 해충 방제 성분을 함유하여 이루어지는 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재가 제공된다. 본 발명의 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재는 입상화제, 분산제 및 바인더를 추가로 함유하여 입제 형태로 제공될 수도 있고, 수분 함량을 높여 퇴비 형태로 제공될 수도 있다. 본 발명의 친환경 유기농자재는 토양 병해충 특히 토양 선충, 더욱 특히는 뿌리혹선충을 방제하는데 효과가 있음은 물론, 유기물이 풍부하여 그 자체로서 비료 효과와 토양 개량 효과를 가지므로, 기존에 농약으로만 퇴치가 가능하던 토양 해충을 본 발명에 따라 유기질 비료의 형태로 친환경적으로 방제하는 것이 가능하다.It contains azadilactin and nicotine as active pesticides as nime oil, nimbak, azadilactin concentrate and leaf tobacco powder, and at least one extender selected from vegetable and animal organics, and soil pest control component. Eco-friendly organic materials for soil pest control are provided. Eco-friendly organic materials for soil pest control of the present invention may be provided in the form of granules by further containing a granulating agent, dispersant and binder, or may be provided in the form of compost by increasing the moisture content. Eco-friendly organic materials of the present invention is effective in controlling soil pests, in particular soil nematodes, more particularly root-knot nematodes, as well as rich in organic matter, as it has a fertilizer effect and soil improvement effect in itself, combating only conventional pesticides It is possible to control the environmental pests in the form of organic fertilizer according to the present invention was possible soil pests.
친환경, 토양 병해충, 유기질 비료, 토양 선충 Eco-friendly, soil pest, organic fertilizer, soil nematode

Description

토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재{ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS FOR SOIL INSECT PEST CONTROL}Eco-friendly organic materials for soil pest control {ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS FOR SOIL INSECT PEST CONTROL}
본 발명은 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재 및 그의 제조 방법에 관한 것이다. 더욱 구체적으로, 본 발명은 토양 병해충, 특히 토양 선충을 방제하는데 효과적인 친환경 유기농자재 및 그의 제조 방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to an environmentally friendly organic material for soil pest control and a method of manufacturing the same. More specifically, the present invention relates to environmentally friendly organic materials effective for controlling soil pests, in particular soil nematodes, and methods for producing the same.
멀구슬나무(Neem) 열매 기름의 주성분인 아자디락틴은 다양한 해충에 살충 효과가 있으며, 인도를 위시하여 동남아 지방에서 주로 생산되고 있다. 우리나라에서는 아자디락틴의 살충 효과가 10여년 전부터 알려져 몇 가지 해충에 시험된 바 있다. 그러나, 님오일은 생산지 별로 살충성분의 함량 등 품질이 다양하여 그 효과를 안정적으로 보증할 수 없는 실정이어서 제품의 상품화가 어려웠다.Azadilactin, the main component of Neem fruit oil, has a pesticidal effect on various pests, and is mainly produced in Southeast Asia, including India. In Korea, the pesticidal effect of azadilactin has been known for more than 10 years, and has been tested on several pests. However, since nim oil has a variety of quality, such as the content of the pesticide components by production site, it is difficult to commercialize the product because it cannot guarantee the effect stably.
본 발명에서는 님 열매의 기름을 짜고 남은 깻묵(님박)과 담배가루를 주성분으로 하여 농작물에 유기물 공급의 효과를 누릴 뿐만 아니라, 토양 병해충, 특히 토양 선충, 더욱 특히는 뿌리혹선충을 방제할 수 있는 제품을 제공하고자 한다.  In the present invention, not only enjoy the effect of supplying organic matter to the crops with the main ingredients of squeezed (nymbak) and tobacco powder left after squeezing the oil of the fruit of the Neem fruit, but also to control soil pests, in particular soil nematodes, more particularly root-knot nematodes To provide.
지금까지 참외, 멜론, 수박, 인삼, 토마토, 당근, 배추, 고추, 땅콩은 토양선충, 특히 뿌리혹선충의 피해가 극심하였으나 이를 방제할 수 있는 친환경 자재가 없어 농약에 의존하여 방제할 수밖에 없었다. So far, melons, watermelons, ginseng, tomatoes, carrots, cabbages, peppers, and peanuts have been severely damaged by soil nematodes, especially root-knot nematodes, but they have no choice but to rely on pesticides because they do not have eco-friendly materials to control them.
근래 유기농업이 많이 확산되고 비닐하우스 재배가 보편화되면서 농약 사용을 기피하고 있어 토양해충이 극성을 부리고 있다. 특히, 비닐하우스에서 연작을 하는 농가(참외, 멜론 수박, 고추, 토마도 등)에서는 뿌리혹선충의 피해가 커서 중요한 충해로 되고 있고 마늘과 양파의 고자리파리도 피해가 심하나 농약 이외에 적당한 방제제가 없어 친환경 토양해충 방제제의 개발을 고대하고 있는 실정이다.In recent years, organic pesticides have been spreading widely, and greenhouse house cultivation has become more common, and pesticides are being avoided. In particular, farmers working in plastic houses (melon, melon watermelon, red pepper, tomato, etc.) are a major cause of damage due to the damage of root-knot nematodes. We are looking forward to the development of soil pest control agents.
본 발명에서는 유기물 공급, 친환경 자재를 사용한 방제 효과에 덧붙여 폐기물로 버려지고 있는 담배 가루를 이용하므로, 자원 재활용에 의한 비용효과도 기대할 수 있다.In the present invention, in addition to the control effect of using organic materials and eco-friendly materials, the tobacco powder that is discarded as waste is used, so that the cost effect of resource recycling can be expected.
담배가루는 잎담배 원료를 가공할 때 생기는 부스러기와 엽맥 등으로 유기물이 70% 이상이고 니코틴이 있어 살충력이 있다. 본 발명에서는 담배가루를 님오일과 함께 이용하는 바, 이 두 가지 원료는 유기물이 풍부하기 때문에 이로부터 비료효과와 토양개량 효과를 아울러 기대할 수 있다.Tobacco powder is crumbs and leaf veins produced when processing raw tobacco ingredients. In the present invention, the tobacco powder is used together with the nim oil, and since these two raw materials are rich in organic matter, the fertilizer effect and the soil improvement effect can be expected from this.
또한 본 발명에 따른 친환경 유기농자재의 또 다른 성분인 키틴과 광합성 세균은 방선균의 영양원이 되고 번식을 촉진하여 병원균인 푸사리움, 라이족토니아, 등 사상균의 번식을 억제시키기 때문에 이들을 장기간 연용하면 토양 병원균에 의한 병해를 현저히 줄일 수 있다.In addition, chitin and photosynthetic bacteria, which are other components of eco-friendly organic materials according to the present invention, become a nutrient source of actinomycetes and promote the reproduction to inhibit the growth of pathogens such as fusarium, lysatonia, etc. The disease caused by can be significantly reduced.
요즈음 고정시설로 되어 있는 비닐하우스에서 장기간 같은 작물을 반복하여 재배하거나, 인삼처럼 4~6년 동안 장기간 재배하는 작물은 토양선충 피해가 극심하다. 또한 잡초 발생을 억제하기 위하여 비닐멀칭 재배를 하므로 추비 시용이 어렵기 때문에 비료 효과가 오래 지속되는 유기질 비료를 기비로 주어야 할 필요가 있다. 따라서. 토양 해충 방제 효과와 유기질 비료의 기비 효과라는 두 가지 효과를 동시에 성취할 수 있는, 농자재의 개발이 시급한 실정이었다. 따라서, 본 발명자는 농가의 수요와 환경적인 측면을 고려하여 다음과 같은 과제를 해결하고자 한다.These days, crops grown repeatedly in the same plastic house, which are fixed facilities, or grown for a long period of time, such as ginseng, for 4 to 6 years, suffer severe soil nematode damage. In addition, since vinyl mulching is cultivated to suppress weed generation, it is difficult to apply fertilizer. Therefore, it is necessary to give organic fertilizers with a long-lasting fertilizer effect. therefore. It was urgent to develop agricultural materials that could achieve both effects, such as soil pest control and organic fertilizer. Therefore, the present inventors will solve the following problems in consideration of the demand and environmental aspects of the farm.
㉮ 농약과 화학비료를 쓰지 않고, 난방제(難防除) 해충인 토양선충을 천연물을 이용하여 방제할 수 있는 방법을 연구하여 친환경 유기농업을 할 수 있도록 한다.지 Research eco-friendly organic farming methods by using natural products to control soil nematodes, which are heating pests, without using pesticides and chemical fertilizers.
㉯ 친환경 유기 농업에 필수 요건인 유기물 함량을 증대시켜, 화학비료를 쓰지 않고도 비료의 효과를 장기간 지속시킬 수 있도록 한다.증대 Increase the organic matter content, which is essential for eco-friendly organic farming, so that the fertilizer's effects can be sustained for a long time without the use of chemical fertilizers.
㉰ 방선균의 번식을 촉진시킴으로써 병원균인 사상균의 번식을 억제하여 토양 병해를 현저히 줄인다.을 Promotes the reproduction of actinomycetes, inhibits the growth of pathogens, filamentous fungi, and significantly reduces soil diseases.
㉱ 정식 전 토양에 기비를 겸하여 뿌리혹선충이나 마늘, 양파 고자리파리 등 토양해충을 한꺼번에 방제하여 노동력 절감 효과를 누리도록 한다.기 You can enjoy the labor saving effect by controlling soil pests such as root-knot nematodes, garlic, and onion capillary flies at the same time, as well as airing the soil before planting.
본 발명자는 전술한 과제를 해결하기 위해 집중적으로 연구한 결과, 살충 성 분이 탁월한 친환경 천연물을 이용하여 난방제 해충인 토양 선충을 친환경적으로 방제할 수 있는 유기농자재를 개발하는데 성공하였다. 본 발명에 따른 유기농자재는 유기물 함량이 높기 때문에 그 자체로 비료의 역할을 할 수 있어 기존의 농약으로만 퇴치가 가능하던 토양 선충을 농약 없이 유기질 비료의 형태로 친환경적으로 방제하는 것을 가능하게 해준다. 이는, 친환경 유기농업에 대한 최근의 농가와 소비자 모두의 수요에 비추어 볼 때 커다란 진전을 이룬 것이다.As a result of intensive research to solve the above problems, the inventors have succeeded in developing an organic material that can environmentally control soil nematodes, which are heating pests, by using environmentally friendly natural products with excellent insecticidal properties. The organic material according to the present invention can play a role as a fertilizer because of its high organic content, so that it is possible to control the environmental nematode in the form of organic fertilizers without pesticides, which is a soil nematode that can be eliminated with conventional pesticides. This is a major step forward in light of recent farming and consumer demand for eco-friendly organic farming.
본 발명에 따른 유기농자재는 사용하기 간편한 간편한 입상 제형으로 만들수도 있고 또는 수분 함량을 높인 퇴비로서 제공될 수도 있다. The organic material according to the present invention may be made into a simple granular formulation that is easy to use or may be provided as a compost with an increased moisture content.
이하 본 발명의 친환경 유기농자재를 더욱 구체적으로 설명한다.Hereinafter, the eco-friendly organic materials of the present invention will be described in more detail.
본 발명의 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재는 유효 살충 성분으로서 아자디락틴 40 내지 500 ppm (0.004 내지 0.05%)과 엽연초 1 내지 30 중량%를 함유하고, 이에 더하여 유기물 35 내지 90 중량% 및 토양 병해 방제 성분 2 내지 35 중량%를 함유한다. 좋기로는 아자디락틴 40 내지 100 ppm (0.004 내지 0.01%), 엽연초 5 내지 25 중량%, 유기물 50 내지 70 중량%, 및 토양 병해 방제 성분 5 내지 30 중량%를 함유하는 것이 좋다. 이 때 아자디락틴 40 ppm 이상, 담배가루, 즉 엽연초 가루를 통하여 첨가되는 니코틴은 적어도 15 ppm 이상의 양으로 첨가되어야 상호 상승효과가 커지고 토양 선충을 비롯한 토양 해충에 대한 살충 효과가 커진다.Eco-friendly organic materials for soil pest control of the present invention contains 40 to 500 ppm (0.004 to 0.05%) of azadilactin and 1 to 30% by weight of tobacco leaf as an effective pesticidal ingredient, in addition to 35 to 90% by weight of organic matter and soil diseases It contains 2 to 35% by weight of the control component. Preferably it contains 40 to 100 ppm (0.004 to 0.01%) of azadilactin, 5 to 25% by weight of tobacco leaf, 50 to 70% by weight of organic matter, and 5 to 30% by weight of soil pest control component. At this time, more than 40 ppm of azadilactin, tobacco powder, that is, nicotine added through the leaf tobacco powder should be added in an amount of at least 15 ppm or more to increase the synergistic effect and the insecticidal effect against soil pests including soil nematodes.
본 발명에서 살충성분으로 사용하는 멀구슬나무의 살충 성분인 아자디락틴(Azadirachtin)은 나무, 잎, 열매, 등에 함유되어 있는데 그 중에서도 열매에 가장 많이 함유되어 있다. 열매에 함유된 아자디락틴은 기름 성분과 함께 얻어지며, 이것을 님오일(Neem oil)이라 한다. 님오일을 추출하고 남은 찌꺼기(박:泊)은 대부분 유기물로 구성되어 있으며 여기에도 적은 양의 아자디락틴이 함유되어 있다. 님박은 본 발명에서 그 자체로 살충 성분으로 사용할 수 있고 식물성 유기물 증량제인 유박으로서도 사용할 수도 있는데, 님박에 아자디락틴 함량이 너무 적으면 아자디락틴을 첨가하여 주성분 함량을 높여야 한다. Azadirachtin (Azadirachtin), which is an insecticidal component of mulberry tree used as an insecticidal component in the present invention, is contained in trees, leaves, fruits, and the like, among which the most is contained in the fruit. Azadilactin in the fruit is obtained along with the oil, which is called neem oil. Most of the residue left after extracting Nim Oil is composed of organic matter, which also contains a small amount of azadilactin. Nimbak can be used as an insecticide in itself in the present invention, and can also be used as an oily vegetable vegetable oil extender. If the content of azadilactin in the nimbak is too small, the azadilactin must be added to increase the main component content.
본 발명의 또 다른 살충 성분인 담배가루, 즉 엽연초 가루의 니코틴 성분도 토양 선충에 살충 효과가 있다는 것을 알아내고 아자디락틴 성분과 혼합하여 유기질비료 겸 토양선충 방제제로서 개발하게 되었다. Tobacco powder, which is another insecticidal ingredient of the present invention, that is, nicotine component of the leaf tobacco powder was also found to have a pesticidal effect on soil nematode, and then mixed with azadilactin component was developed as an organic fertilizer and soil nematode control agent.
본 발명의 친환경 유기농자재는 상기한 아자디락틴과 니코틴을 주성분으로 하는 살충 성분 외에 증량제를 함유한다. 증량제로는 크게 식물성 또는 동물성 유기물을 사용한다.The eco-friendly organic material of the present invention contains an extender in addition to the pesticidal ingredient mainly containing azadilactin and nicotine. As the extender, vegetable or animal organic substances are largely used.
유기물 성분은 본 발명의 친환경 유기농자재를 비료로서 사용할 수 있도록 첨가되는 성분으로, 유기물의 함량을 높이기 위하여 대두박, 피마자박, 유채유박, 미강유박, 님박 등 각종 유박류, 톱밥, 당밀, 야자피, 이탄, 퇴비등 각종 식물성 유기물과 어박, 어분,혈분 골분, 증제피혁분, 잠용박, 키토산, 키틴칼슘, 아미노산, 구아노, 가축분뇨등과 같은 동물성 유기물을 단독 또는 2종이상 혼합하여 증량제로 첨가할 수 있다. Organic ingredients are ingredients added to use the eco-friendly organic materials of the present invention as a fertilizer, so as to increase the content of organic matter, soybean meal, castor meal, rapeseed oil meal, rice bran oil, nymph meal, various oils such as sawdust, molasses, palm bark, Various vegetable organics such as peat and compost and animal organic matters such as fishmeal, fishmeal, blood bone, powdered leather powder, dragonfly, chitosan, chitin calcium, amino acid, guano, livestock manure, etc. can be added alone or as a extender. Can be.
또한 본 발명의 친환경 유기농자재에는 토양 병해 방제 성분으로서 키틴, 키토산 또는 광합성 세균이 함유되는데, 이들은 방선균의 영양원이 되고 방선균의 번식을 촉진하여 병원균인 푸사리움, 라이족토니아 등과 같은 사상균의 번식을 억제 시키는 역할을 한다. 이들 성분을 장기간 연용하면 토양 병원균에 의한 병해를 현저히 줄일 수 있다. 광합성 세균은 시판하는 것을 사용할 수도 있고 직접 배양한 것을 사용할 수도 있다. 이하 실시예에서 사용된 본 발명의 광합성 세균은 홍색황세균으로서, 태원농산 연구소에 위탁하여 종균을 200 ℓ배양기에서 배양한 것을 사용하였다.In addition, the eco-friendly organic materials of the present invention contains chitin, chitosan or photosynthetic bacteria as soil pest control components, which become a nutrient source of actinomycetes and promote the reproduction of actinomycetes and inhibit the growth of filamentous fungi such as fusarium and lysatonia. It plays a role. Long-term use of these components can significantly reduce the disease caused by soil pathogens. Photosynthetic bacteria may be commercially available or directly cultured. As a photosynthetic bacterium of the present invention used in the following examples, red staphylococcus bacterium, which was entrusted to the Taewon Agricultural Research Institute, was used to culture the spawn in a 200 L incubator.
본 발명의 친환경 유기농자재는 입상 제형, 즉 입제와 퇴비로서 제공될 수 있다. Eco-friendly organic materials of the present invention can be provided as a granular formulation, ie granules and compost.
퇴비형으로 제조할 때는 퇴비를 이차발효(후숙)시켜서 수분을 30% 정도로 건조시키고 여기에 키틴칼슘 등 키틴 성분과 담배가루를 혼합하고, 아자디락틴 용액과 광합성 세균 배양액을 분무 혼합하여, 수분을 35 내지 45% 정도로 조정시켜 광합성 세균이 잘 살아서 기능을 발휘할 수 있게끔 해준다.In the composting process, compost is secondary fermented (after ripening) to dry the water to about 30%, and chitin and other tobacco powder are mixed with chitin and calcium powder, and the azadilactin solution and the photosynthetic bacterial culture are sprayed and mixed. Adjust it to 35-45% to allow photosynthetic bacteria to live well and function.
한편 입상 제형은 상기한 살충 성분, 유기물, 토양 병해 방제 성분 외에 입상화제, 분산제 및 바인더 성분을 선택적으로 추가로 함유하여 만든다. Granular formulations, on the other hand, are prepared by optionally further comprising a granulating agent, a dispersant, and a binder component in addition to the pesticide component, organic substance, and soil pest control component.
입상화를 위하여 돌로마이트, 석회석, 규산석회, 제올라이트, 규조토, 카올린, 납석, 벤토나이트 중에서 선택된 광물질 성분 1종 이상 사용한다. 이들 입상화제는 5 내지 50 중량%의 양으로 사용하며 이들 입상화제를 이용함으로써 유기농자재를 입제 형태로 입상화 하면 사용하기도 편리하고 토양 개량 효과도 있다. 입제의 입도는 1~15mm 범위이고 바람직하게는 2~5mm이다. 입도가 너무 크면 토양 수분 만으로는 분산되기 힘들고, 너무 작으면 바람에 날리는 등 작업하기가 어렵다. At least one mineral component selected from dolomite, limestone, lime silicate, zeolite, diatomaceous earth, kaolin, leadstone and bentonite is used for granulation. These granulating agents are used in an amount of 5 to 50% by weight, and by using these granulating agents, when granulating organic materials into granular form, it is convenient to use and soil improving effect. The particle size of the granules is in the range of 1 to 15 mm, preferably 2 to 5 mm. If the particle size is too large, soil moisture alone is difficult to disperse, and if too small, it is difficult to work such as blowing in the wind.
분산제로는 (CLS : Calcium ligno sulfate)나 SLS (Sodium ligno sulfate)와 같이 이 분야에서 널리 사용되는 물질을 사용할 수 있다. 사용량은 수분 함량에 따라 1 내지 20 중량%, 바람직하게는 1 내지 10 중량%이다. As a dispersant, materials widely used in this field such as (calcium ligno sulfate) or sodium ligno sulfate (SLS) may be used. The amount used is 1 to 20% by weight, preferably 1 to 10% by weight, depending on the moisture content.
바인더는 여러 종류가 있으나 본 발명에 함유되는 것은 천연물로 된 것이 좋다. CMS(Condensed molasses soluble)는 농축당밀로 천연물이므로 본 발명에서 바인더로서 사용하였다. 그 외에도 당류, 전분, 덱스트린, 사이클로 덱스트린, 리그닌 등을 사용할 수 있다. 바인더는 1 내지 10 중량%, 좋기로는 3 내지 5 중량%의 양으로 사용한다.There are many types of binders, but those contained in the present invention are preferably made of natural products. Condensed molasses soluble (CMS) is a concentrated molasses and is used as a binder in the present invention. In addition, sugars, starches, dextrins, cyclodextrins, lignin and the like can be used. The binder is used in an amount of 1 to 10% by weight, preferably 3 to 5% by weight.
이하 실시예와 시험예는 본 발명의 내용을 더욱 상세히 설명하기 위한 것으로 이들 실시예에 의하여 본 발명의 범위가 한정되는 것은 아니다. The following examples and test examples are intended to explain the contents of the present invention in more detail, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these examples.
비닐하우스 재배, 연작재배, 영년생 작물 재배에 있어서 가장 난방제 토양해충인 선충, 그 가운데서도 뿌리혹선충의 피해는 극심하다. 이들 선충은 최근 토양선충 방제제로 등록 되어있는 농약으로도 방제가 어러운 실정이고, 친환경 유기농산물을 생산하는 농업인은 방제 대책이 없었다. 본 발명에 따라, 천연물 재료를 이용하여 제조된 친환경 뿌리혹선충 방제제는 농약이 아니므로, 작물에 이를 이용할 경우, 뿌리혹선충과 같은 토양 병해충을 효과적으로 방제하는 한편, 작물에 시비 효과를 거둘 수 있어, 농민이나 소비자 모두 안심하고 먹을 수 있는 진정한 의미의 친환경 유기농산물을 생산할 수 있다. Nematodes, which are the most heating soil pests, and root-knot nematodes are most severe in green house cultivation, crop cultivation, and perennial crop cultivation. These nematodes are difficult to control even with pesticides that have recently been registered as soil nematode control agents, and farmers producing eco-friendly organic products have no control measures. According to the present invention, since the environmentally friendly root-knot nematode control agent manufactured using natural materials is not a pesticide, it can effectively fertilize soil pests such as root-knot nematodes and fertilize the crops, when used in crops, Both farmers and consumers can produce true eco-friendly organic produce that can be eaten with confidence.
<실시예 1>&Lt; Example 1 >
원 료 명   Raw material name 원료투입비율 (%)Raw material input ratio (%) 1kg당 원료투입량(g)Raw material input per 1kg (g) 비 고Remarks
Neem 박 Neem Park 30   30 300   300 인도산Indian
엽연초 가루 Leaf tobacco powder 12   12 120   120 엽연초 가공처리장Leaf tobacco processing plant
키토산 Chitosan 6    6 60    60 인도네시아산Indonesian
유박(대두) Oil Soybeans 34   34 340  340 중국산Made in China
돌로마이트 분말 Dolomite powder 10   10 100  100 (주) 백광소재Baekwang Material Co., Ltd.
분산제 (CLS)Dispersant (CLS) 3   3 30   30 (주) 유성화연테크Yousung Hwayeon Tech Co., Ltd.
당밀(CMS) Molasses (CMS) 5 (15)    5 (15) 50 (150)    50 (150) Cornproducts KoreaCornproducts united kingdom
        system 100  100 1,000  1,000
* ( )내 숫자는 수분이 포함된 양으로 건조과정에 감량됨.     * The numbers in parentheses indicate the amount of water contained in the drying process.
상기 원료중 가비중이 가벼운 엽연초가루와 키토산, 분산제를 따로 혼합하고 님박과 유박을 혼합 분쇄하여 미리 혼합해둔 엽연초가루와 키토산을 골고루 혼합하여 바인더인 당밀을 가하여 고루 퍼지면 돌로마이트 분말을 골고루 뿌려 주면서 반죽한 다음 조립을 하여 열풍 건조한 후 입도 2 내지 4mm 범위인 입자를 선별하여 친환경 토양해충 방제제 1kg을 생산하였다.Mix lightly foliar vinegar powder, chitosan, and dispersant, and mix and pulverize nymph and oil foil, mix pulverized vinegar powder and chitosan evenly. After drying by hot air drying, particles of 2-4 mm particle size were selected to produce 1 kg of environmentally friendly soil pest control agents.
<실시예 2> <Example 2>
원 료 명Raw material name 원료투입비율(%)Raw material input ratio (%) 1kg당 원료투입량(g)Raw material input per 1kg (g) 비 고Remarks
님 박Nim Park 2525 250250 인도산Indian
님오일(주성분3%) Nim oil (3% of main ingredient) 0.150.15 1.51.5 인도산Indian
엽연초가루 Leaf tobacco powder 1212 120120 엽연초 가공처리장Leaf tobacco processing plant
키틴칼슘 Chitin calcium 14.8514.85 148.5148.5 인도네시아산Indonesian
유박 (피마자) Foil (castor) 3030 300300 인도산 Indian
규산석회 분말 Lime silicate powder 1010 100100 (주) 백광소재Baekwang Material Co., Ltd.
리그닌 Lignin 5 (20)5 (20) 50 (200)50 (200) Cornproduct KoreaCornproduct Korea
분산제 (CLS)Dispersant (CLS) 33 3030 (주) 유성화연테크Yousung Hwayeon Tech Co., Ltd.
system 100100 1,0001,000
실시예 1의 키토산을 키틴칼슘으로, 돌로마이트를 규산석회로, 당밀을 리그닌으로 바꾸어 칼슘과 규소의 함량을 높여 토양개량과 병해충에 대한 저항력을 강화하였다. 님박에 부족한 아자디락틴 성분을 보강하기 위하여 님오일을 첨가하였다.The chitosan of Example 1 was changed to chitin calcium, dolomite to lime silicate, and molasses to lignin to increase the content of calcium and silicon to enhance soil improvement and resistance to pests. Nim oil was added to reinforce the azadilactin content in Nimbak.
제조공정은 님박, 유박, 분산제 및 엽연초가루를 분쇄하고(1), 키틴칼슘과 규산석회를 혼합하고(2), 리그닌을 물에 용해하고, 님오일은 알코올에 희석하여 혼합한 액을 (1)+(2)분말을 골고루 혼합하면서 분무하여 반죽을 한 다음 실시예 1과 같은 공정으로 토양해충 방제제 1kg을 생산하였다.The manufacturing process is to pulverize nimbak, oil foil, dispersant and leaf tobacco powder (1), mix chitin calcium and lime silicate (2), dissolve lignin in water, and nim oil in alcohol and mix (1) ) + (2) powder was evenly mixed and sprayed to knead and then produced 1 kg soil pest control agent in the same manner as in Example 1.
<실시예 3><Example 3>
원 료 명    Raw material name 원료투입비율 (%)Raw material input ratio (%) 1kg당 원료 투입량 (g)Raw material input per kg (g) 비 고     Remarks
님오일(주성분 3%) Nim Oil (3% active ingredient) 0.2    0.2 2    2 인도산  Indian
엽연초가루 Leaf tobacco powder 12   12 120  120 엽연초가공처리장  Leaf tobacco processing plant
키틴칼슘 Chitin calcium 15   15 150  150 인도네시아산 Indonesian
유박(유채유박) Rapeseed oil 54.8   54.8 548  548 제주산  Jeju mountain
돌로마이트 분말 Dolomite powder 10   10 100  100 (주) 백광소재  Baekwang Material Co., Ltd.
리그닌 Lignin 5 (20)    5 (20) 50 (200)    50 (200) (주) 백광소재  Baekwang Material Co., Ltd.
분산제 (CLS)Dispersant (CLS) 33 3030 (주) 유성화연테크Yousung Hwayeon Tech Co., Ltd.
         system 100  100 1,000  1,000
* ( )내 숫자는 수분이 포함된 량으로 건조공정에서 감량됨* The numbers in parentheses indicate the amount of water included in the drying process.
상기 원료 중 유박을 분쇄하여 엽연초 분말과 혼합하고, 키틴칼슘과 돌로마이트 분말의 혼합물에 골고루 혼합하면서 님오일과 리그닌 혼합액을 분무하여 골고루 반죽한 다음 실시예(1) 과 같은 공정으로 토양해충 방제제 1kg을 생산하였다.Grinding the oil of the raw material and mixed with the leaf tobacco powder, and evenly mixed with a mixture of chitin calcium and dolomite powder sprayed by nim oil and lignin mixed solution and kneading evenly 1kg soil pest control agent in the same manner as in Example (1) Produced.
<실시예 4> <Example 4>
원 료 명   Raw material name 원료투입비율 (%) Raw material input ratio (%) 1kg당 원료 투입량 (g)Raw material input per kg (g) 비 고     Remarks
아자디락틴 (26%)Azadilactin (26%) 0.02    0.02 0.2      0.2 인도산  Indian
알코올Alcohol (3)    (3) (30)    (30) 화공약품상  Chemicals Award
엽연초가루Leaf tobacco powder 12   12 120    120 엽연초가공처리장  Leaf tobacco processing plant
키틴칼슘Chitin calcium 15   15 150    150
유박(대두)Oil Soybeans 54.98   54.98 549.8    549.8 중국산  Made in China
돌로마이트분말Dolomite Powder 10   10 100    100 (주)백광소재  Baekwang Material Co., Ltd.
리그닌Lignin 5 (20)    5 (20) 50 (200)     50 (200) (주)백광소재  Baekwang Material Co., Ltd.
분산제 (SLS)Dispersant (SLS) 33 3030 (주) 유성화연테크Yousung Hwayeon Tech Co., Ltd.
         system 100   100 1,000   1,000
* ( )내 숫자는 제품 건조공정에서 감량됨. * Numbers in () are reduced during product drying.
상기 원료 중 유박은 분쇄하여 엽연초가루, 분산제와 혼합하고, 키틴칼슘과 돌로마이트 분말 혼합물에 골고루 섞는다. 아자디락틴은 알코올에 용해하고 리그닌 과 혼합하여 분말 원료를 반죽기에 혼합하면서 분무해 반죽을 하고 실시예 1과 같이 제조하여 친환경 토양해충 방제제 1kg을 생산하였다.The oil of the raw material is pulverized and mixed with leaf tobacco powder, dispersant, and evenly mixed with chitin calcium and dolomite powder mixture. Azadilactin was dissolved in alcohol and mixed with lignin to mix the powder raw material into a kneader and sprayed to prepare a dough as in Example 1 to produce 1 kg of environmentally friendly soil pest control agents.
<실시예 5>Example 5
원 료 명   Raw material name 원료 투입비율(%) Raw material input ratio (%) 1톤 당 원료 투입량(kg)Raw material input per ton (kg) 비 고     Remarks
아자디락틴 (26%)Azadilactin (26%) 0.020.02 0.20.2 인도산Indian
알코올Alcohol (3)(3) (30)(30)
엽연초가루Leaf tobacco powder 1010 100100 엽연초가공처리장Leaf tobacco processing plant
키틴칼슘Chitin calcium 1515 150150 인도네시아산Indonesian
광합성세균 배양액Photosynthetic bacterial culture 1010 100100 자가생산Self-production
그린1급 퇴비
(수분30%)
Green Grade 1 Compost
(30% of moisture)
64.9864.98 649.8649.8 (주)포포텍Popotech
 system 100100 1,0001,000
상기 원료를 투입 비율대로 칭량하여 아자디락틴은 알코올에 용해하고 광합성세균 배양액과 혼합하여 그린1급 퇴비와 엽연초가루, 키틴칼슘 혼합물에 골고루 살포하여 유기물45%, 수분 약40% 되는 토양선충을 비롯한 해충방제제 및 병해방제제 1,000kg을 생산하였다.Weighing the raw materials at the input ratio, azadilactin is dissolved in alcohol, mixed with the photosynthetic bacterial culture solution, and evenly sprayed on green first compost, leaf tobacco, and chitin calcium mixtures, including 45% of organic matter and about 40% of moisture, including soil nematodes. Pest and pest control products produced 1,000 kg.
<시험예 1><Test Example 1>
“실시예 5”의 퇴비를 이용하여, 참외뿌리혹선충에 대한 약효 및 약해 시험을 (주) 한국식물환경연구소(KPER)에 의뢰하여 참외 (오복꿀 참외) 비닐 하우스 재배지 (경기도 여주)에서 다음과 같이 실시하였다. Using the compost of "Example 5", commissioned the medicinal effect and weakness test for the melon root gall nematode to the Korea Institute of Plant Environment (KPER) Co., Ltd. It was performed together.
가. 처리내용end. Processing contents
시험약제
(상표명)
Test drug
(Trade name)
주성분
함량 (%)
chief ingredient
content (%)
약효시험Drug test 약해시험Weakness test 시험
년차
exam
Year
비고Remarks
희석배수
및 사용량
Dilution factor
And usage
처리시기
및 방법
Processing time
And how
기준량Reference 배량Displacement
님오일
(아자디락틴)
Nim Oil
(Azadilactin)
아자디락틴
0.015
Azadilactin
0.015
400kg/10a400kg / 10a 정식전
토양혼화
처리
Formal
Soil mixing
process
400kg/10a400kg / 10a 800kg10a800kg10a 1One 기준량Reference
대조약제
(카보퓨란입제)
Reference drug
(Carbofuran preparations)
카보퓨란
3
Cabofuran
3
6 kg/10a6 kg / 10a 상동Homology -- -- -- 상동Homology
무처리No treatment -- -- -- -- -- -- --
나. 시험구배치 및 면적: 난괴법 3반복I. Test Arrangement and Area: 3 Repeated Ingot Method
구분division 처리수Treated water 반복수Iterations 총구수Muzzle 구당면적Gudang area 소요면적Area required 총소요면적Total area required
약효Medicinal effect 33 33 99 20m2 20 m 2 180m2 180 m 2 225m2 225m 2
약해Weak 33 33 99 5m2 5 m 2 45m2 45m 2
다. 시험성적All. Test score
1) 생충율 조사1) Investigation of the live insect rate
참외 뿌리혹선충에 대한 약제방제 효과Control Effects of Melon Root-knot Nematodes
사전밀도
(마리/300g)
Dictionary density
(Mari / 300 g)
생충률(%)% Viability 방제가
(%)
Control
(%)
I반복I repeat II 반복II repetition III반복III repeat 평균Average
님오일 (아자디락틴) 퇴비Nim oil (azadilactin) compost 51.751.7 50.050.0 63.663.6 91.791.7 68.468.4 60.860.8
카보퓨란입제 (대조)Cabofuran granules (control) 54.054.0 20.020.0 88.388.3 57.757.7 55.355.3 68.368.3
무처리No treatment 53.053.0 195.2195.2 115.4115.4 213.5213.5 174.7174.7 --
2) 난낭수 조사2) Ovum Count
참외 뿌리혹선충에 대한 약제방제 효과 Control Effects of Melon Root-knot Nematodes
난낭수 (개/주)Egg sac (dog / week) 방제가
(%)
Control
(%)
I 반복I repeat II 반복II repetition III 반복III repeat 평균Average
님오일 (아자디락틴) 퇴비Nim oil (azadilactin) compost 9.79.7 64.564.5 44.544.5 39.639.6 63.263.2
카보퓨란입제 (대조)Cabofuran granules (control) 11.211.2 53.52653.526 07.707.7 30.230.2 71.971.9
무처리No treatment 78.078.0 120.0120.0 124.5124.5 107.5107.5 --
3) 약해시험3) Weak test
약제처리 후 10일, 20일, 및 30일차 조사10, 20, and 30 days post-treatment investigation
시험약제Test drug 시험작물Test crop 약해정도 (0~5)Weakness (0 ~ 5) 비고Remarks
기준량Reference 배량Displacement
님오일(아자디락틴) 퇴비Nim oil (azadilactin) compost 참외(오복꿀참외)Melon (Floating Honey Melon) 00 00 약해 없음No weakness
라. 시험 결과la. Test result
1) 약효1) Medicine
시험약제인 님오일 (아자디락틴) 퇴비는 무처리구에 비하여 우수한 방제 효과를 나타났다.Nim oil (azadilactin) compost, a test drug, showed better control effect than untreated group.
2) 약해2) weak
시험 약제인 님오일 (아자디락틴) 퇴비는 기준량과 배량 모두에서, 경엽 및 신초에 대하여 약해를 조사한 결과 약해가 나타나지 않았다.Nim oil (azadilactin) compost, a test drug, was found to be weak in both foliage and shoots at both base and dose levels.
비닐하우스 재배, 연작재배, 영년생 작물 재배에 가장 난 방제 토양해충인 선충, 그 가운데서도 뿌리혹선충의 피해는 극심하다. 최근 토양선충 방제제로 등록 되어있는 농약으로도 방제가 어러운 실정이고, 친환경 유기농산물을 생산하는 농업인은 방제 대책이 없었다. 본 발명품인 천연물 추출액으로 제조된 친환경 뿌리혹선충 방제제가 농가에 보급되므로 안심하고 뿌리혹선충을 방제하여 친환경유기농산물을 생산하게 되었다. 또한 고자리파리, 거세미 등 토양해충과 푸사리움, 라이족토니아 등 사상균의 번식을 억제할 수 있어, 토양병해 역시 방제가 가능해 졌다. Nematodes, which are the most resistant soil pests for cultivating greenhouses, growing cultivation, and growing young crops, among them, are severely damaged by root-knot nematodes. Recently, even pesticides registered as soil nematode control agents are difficult to control, and farmers producing eco-friendly organic products have no control measures. Eco-friendly root-knot nematode control agent prepared from the natural product extract of the present invention has been spread to farms, thereby producing eco-friendly organic agricultural products by controlling root-knot nematodes in peace. In addition, it is possible to control soil pests such as caterpillar flies and castels, as well as the growth of filamentous fungi such as fusarium and lyzatonia, so that soil diseases can be controlled.
도 1은 본 발명의 실시예 5에 따른 퇴비형 유기농자재로 처리한지 60일 후의 의 참외 뿌리를 찍은 사진으로, 뿌리혹선충의 난낭수가 하기 도 3의 무처리구에 비하여 현저히 적음을 알 수 있다.1 is a photograph of the melon root of 60 days after the treatment with the compost-type organic materials according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention, it can be seen that the number of egg sacs of the root hump nematode significantly less than the untreated section of Figure 3 below.
도 2는 기존의 카보퓨란 입제 (농약)으로 처리한지 60일 후의 참외 뿌리를 찍은 사진으로 역시 하기 도 3의 무처리구에 비하여 난낭수가 현저히 적다.Figure 2 is a photograph of the melon root after 60 days of treatment with conventional carbofuran granules (pesticides) is also significantly less number of ovarian sac than the untreated group of Figure 3 below.
도 3은 아무것도 처리하지 않은 경우의 참외 뿌리 사진으로서 뿌리혹선충에 대한 방제가 전혀 이루어지지 않아 난낭수가 도 1과 도 2에 비하여 현저히 많음을 육안으로 쉽게 확인할 수 있다.3 is a photograph of melon roots when nothing is treated, so that the control against root-knot nematodes is not made at all, so that the number of egg sacs is significantly higher than that of FIGS. 1 and 2.

Claims (9)

  1. 유효 살충 성분으로서 아자디락틴 40 내지 500 ppm (0.004 내지 0.05%)과 엽연초 1 내지 30 중량%를 함유하고, 이에 더하여 유기물 35 내지 90 중량% 및 토양 병해 방제 성분 2 내지 35 중량%를 함유하여 이루어지는 것을 특징으로 하는 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재.It contains 40 to 500 ppm (0.004 to 0.05%) of azadilactin and 1 to 30% by weight of leaf tobacco as an active pesticidal ingredient, and in addition to 35 to 90% by weight of organic matter and 2 to 35% by weight of soil pest control component. Eco-friendly organic materials for soil pest control, characterized in that.
  2. 제1항에 있어서, 아자디락틴 40 내지 100 ppm, 엽연초 5 내지 25 중량%, 유기물 50 내지 70 중량%, 및 토양 병해 방제 성분 5 내지 30 중량%를 함유하는 것이 특징인 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재.The method of claim 1, wherein the azadi lactin 40 to 100 ppm, leaf tobacco 5 to 25% by weight, organic matter 50 to 70% by weight, and soil pest control component eco-friendly organic for soil pest control characterized by containing material.
  3. 제1항에 있어서, 유기물은 대두박, 피마자박, 유채유박, 님박, 미강유박 등의 유박류, 당류, 퇴비, 이탄, 야자피, 톱밥, 당밀, 왕겨 중에서 선택된 식물성 유기물과 골분, 구아노, 어박, 어분, 키토산, 아미노산, 및 증제피혁분 중에서 선택된 동물성 유기물 중 1종 이상인 것이 특징인 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재.The organic material of claim 1, wherein the organic material is selected from among vegetable oils such as soybean meal, castor meal, rapeseed oil meal, nymph meal, rice bran oil, sugar, compost, peat, coconut, sawdust, molasses, chaff, bone meal, guano, fishmeal, Eco-friendly organic materials for soil pest control, characterized in that at least one of the animal organic matter selected from fish meal, chitosan, amino acids, and leather.
  4. 제3항에 있어서, 토양 병해 방제 성분으로서 홍색황세균, 녹색황세균, 녹색세균, 황홍색 세균 중에서 선택된 광합성 세균을 키토산 또는 키틴과 배합 사용하고, 증량제로는 퇴비를 사용하는 것이 특징인 퇴비형의 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재.The compost type soil pest according to claim 3, wherein photosynthetic bacteria selected from red bacteria, green bacteria, green bacteria, and red bacteria are used in combination with chitosan or chitin, and compost is used as an extender. Eco-friendly organic materials for control.
  5. 제3항에 있어서, 토양 병해 방제 성분으로서 키토산 또는 키틴 칼슘을 사용하고, 이에 더하여, 돌로마이트, 규조토, 규산석회, 카올린, 벤토나이트, 제올라이트, 납석, 석회석 및 이들의 혼합물 중에서 선택된 1종 이상의 입상화제 5 내지 50 중량%; 칼슘 리그노 설페이트 (CLS), 소듐 리그노 설페이트 (SLS) 또는 이들의 혼합물 중에서 선택된 1종 이상의 분산제 2 내지 20 중량%; 및 리그닌, PVA, 덱스트린, 사이클로덱스트린, 당밀 (CMS), 및 당류 중에서 선택된 1종 이상의 바인더 1 내지 10 중량%를 부가적으로 함유하는 것이 특징인, 입도가 1 내지 15 mm인 입상 제형의 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재.4. The at least one granulating agent according to claim 3, wherein chitosan or chitin calcium is used as the soil pest control component, in addition to dolomite, diatomaceous earth, lime silicate, kaolin, bentonite, zeolite, leadstone, limestone and mixtures thereof. To 50 weight percent; 2 to 20% by weight of one or more dispersants selected from calcium ligno sulfate (CLS), sodium ligno sulfate (SLS) or mixtures thereof; And soil pests of a granular formulation having a particle size of 1 to 15 mm, which additionally contain 1 to 10% by weight of at least one binder selected from lignin, PVA, dextrin, cyclodextrin, molasses (CMS), and sugars. Eco-friendly organic materials for control.
  6. 삭제delete
  7. 제1항 내지 제6항 중 어느 하나의 항에 있어서, 아자디락틴은 님박 또는 님오일 또는 이들의 혼합물로서 함유되는 것이 특징인 토양 병해충 방제용 친환경 유기농자재.The eco-friendly organic material for soil pest control according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the azadilactin is contained as nimbac or nim oil or a mixture thereof.
  8. 삭제delete
  9. 삭제delete
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CN107996522A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-08 海南省农业科学院植物保护研究所 A kind of method for expanding numerous plant root-knot nematode using logical heart dish
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JP2002249404A (en) 1995-10-19 2002-09-06 Council Scient Ind Res Process for emulsion cocentrate containing azadiractine powder
KR100760240B1 (en) 2005-09-16 2007-10-04 류해춘 Cultivation method of the environment crops which it Selenium and Neem-oill
KR20090057591A (en) * 2007-12-03 2009-06-08 대은엠비코(주) The manufacture method of the none toxic ffungicide used natural material

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KR870006835A (en) * 1986-01-23 1987-08-13 박한수 Pesticide Insecticide Composition
JP2002249404A (en) 1995-10-19 2002-09-06 Council Scient Ind Res Process for emulsion cocentrate containing azadiractine powder
KR100760240B1 (en) 2005-09-16 2007-10-04 류해춘 Cultivation method of the environment crops which it Selenium and Neem-oill
KR20090057591A (en) * 2007-12-03 2009-06-08 대은엠비코(주) The manufacture method of the none toxic ffungicide used natural material

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KR20200093844A (en) 2019-01-29 2020-08-06 박찬원 Eco-friendly agricultural material composition containing soapberry extract and method for producing the same

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