CN103609533B - The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech - Google Patents

The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103609533B
CN103609533B CN201310681588.7A CN201310681588A CN103609533B CN 103609533 B CN103609533 B CN 103609533B CN 201310681588 A CN201310681588 A CN 201310681588A CN 103609533 B CN103609533 B CN 103609533B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
leech
aquarium
chamber
culturing chamber
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310681588.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103609533A (en
Inventor
王志坚
刘彬
马燕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Southwest University
Original Assignee
Southwest University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Southwest University filed Critical Southwest University
Priority to CN201310681588.7A priority Critical patent/CN103609533B/en
Publication of CN103609533A publication Critical patent/CN103609533A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103609533B publication Critical patent/CN103609533B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Landscapes

  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)
  • Hydroponics (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of leech aquarium, comprise closed casing, pump chamber and culturing chamber it is divided into about box house, the top of pump chamber and culturing chamber is respectively equipped with hatch door, water pump it is provided with in pump chamber, the water outlet of water pump is connected with culturing chamber by rising pipe, and the outlet of rising pipe is provided with micro-strainer a, and micro-strainer a can avoid leech to enter in water pump. Based on the method for above-mentioned leech aquarium three-dimensional culture leech, leech seedling is dropped in the culturing chamber of above-mentioned leech aquarium, breeding density is 1.5-2 times of conventional cultivation density, namely 0.02��2.3 kilogram/square metre, divide two batches of inputs, namely the 2nd batch of input is started when the leech of 1/3rd quantity is adsorbed on waterplant, regular feeding is fed according to a conventional method, aquarium is placed in indoor, temperature is suitable for leech and grows especially winter, leech is in the space of a sealing in culturing chamber, cannot escape, it is to increase economic benefit.

Description

The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech
Technical field
The present invention relates to leech cultivation field, in particular to a kind of leech aquarium and based on the method for this leech aquarium three-dimensional culture leech.
Background technology
Leech, has another name called leech, growth and breeding in the freshwater of inland, is the traditional extraordinary medicinal hydrocoles of China, and China to the utilization of doctor leech more early, is mainly used to treatment wound, and leakage blood is more than and the disease such as puerperal blood faints. The function recording leech in pharmacopeia is broken that blood stimulates the menstrual flow, and disappear long-pending loose disease, subduing swelling and detoxicating etc. Leech is used as medicine with the entirety of drying, containing r-hirudin and protein in body, has effect of solid, the broken hemostasis of anti-freezing, cures mainly blood and fullys recover from an illness the diseases such as disease, vascular disease, hemostasis are obstructed, innominate toxic swelling, lymphoid tuberculosis. Medical work person test running water leech and pure honey are processed into lotion and injection liquid, treatment corneal macula, the triggering phase of old cataract and the phase of expansion, and muddy body can be made transparent gradually. Leech element can also alleviate the spasm of artery, reduces the adhesion of blood pressure, so the symptom of the remarkable alleviating hypertension of energy, other is invigorated blood circulation, toxicide also to have people to join with leech, is used for the treatment of tumour. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases has become domestic and international common disease, frequently-occurring disease. Current is the Chinese patent medicine that raw material is made taking leech, produces in enormous quantities, and supply falls short of demand, only domestic every year leech dry product demand is just reached thousands of tons of, and therefore the demand of leech increases year by year.
Along with chemical fertilizer, the widely using of agricultural chemicals, add the predatory seizure to leech, wild leech resource is reduced day by day, the needs that are used as medicine can not be met far away. Owing to the source of goods is in great shortage; many places are carried out and are propagated artificially, at present, propagate artificially and comprise the i.e. extensive cultivation in field and intensive intensive culture; the extensive cultivation in field utilizes natural condition; by carrying out, after delineation cultivation scope, a kind of breeding way of protecting, intensive intensive culture be adopt manually build pond, the science feeding and management method of bait of throwing something and feeding, two kinds of feeding manners all carry out in outdoor; owing to the suitable temperature of growth of leech is 10-40 DEG C; and winter, external temperature was lower, the especially north, is not suitable for leech cultivation. Meanwhile, due to outdoor breeding, the escape of leech is an inevitable problem, causes aquaculture cost to increase.
For above-mentioned deficiency, the cultivation of existing leech is improved, to solve the problem that outdoor breeding leech cannot adapt to low temperature and escape.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of leech aquarium and the method based on this aquarium three-dimensional culture leech, it is possible to meet indoor cultivation, and solving outdoor cannot the problem easily escaped of cold temperature culture leech and leech.
The leech aquarium of the present invention, comprise closed casing, pump chamber and culturing chamber it is divided into about described box house, the top of described pump chamber and culturing chamber is respectively equipped with hatch door, it is provided with water pump in described pump chamber, the water outlet of described water pump is connected with culturing chamber by rising pipe, and the outlet of rising pipe is provided with micro-strainer a.
Further, being connected with pump chamber below described culturing chamber, connectivity part is provided with micro-strainer b.
Further, it is provided with warming lamp above the inner water surface of described culturing chamber.
Further, it is provided with multilayer waterplant by bottom to the water surface in described culturing chamber.
Further, described culturing chamber inner bottom part is provided with river sand.
Further, the described culturing chamber water surface is provided with multiple sand drift pond, and bottom, sand drift pond is soaked in water, and top is positioned at more than the water surface, and sand drift pond is soaked part surface in water and is provided with permeable hole.
The method of the three-dimensional culture leech of the present invention, leech seedling is dropped in the culturing chamber of above-mentioned leech aquarium, breeding density is 1.5-2 times of conventional cultivation density, namely 0.02��2.3 kilogram/square metre, divide two batches of inputs, namely starting the 2nd batch of input when the leech of 1/3rd quantity is adsorbed on described waterplant, regular feeding is fed according to a conventional method. Preferably, divide weekly three feedings, during each feeding, food is successively thrown on the waterplant of bottom, middle part and the water surface.
Further, when cultivating room temp lower than 15 DEG C, start described warming lamp and heat up, keep water temperature at 25 DEG C �� 2 DEG C.
The useful effect of the present invention: the leech aquarium of the present invention, comprise closed casing, pump chamber and culturing chamber it is divided into about described box house, the top of described pump chamber and culturing chamber is respectively equipped with hatch door, it is provided with water pump in described pump chamber, the water outlet of described water pump is connected with culturing chamber by rising pipe, and the outlet of rising pipe is provided with micro-strainer a, and micro-strainer a can avoid leech to enter in water pump. Leech seedling is dropped in the culturing chamber of above-mentioned leech aquarium, breeding density is 1.5-2 times of conventional cultivation density, namely 0.02��2.3 kilogram/square metre, point two batches of inputs, start the 2nd batch of input when namely the leech of 1/3rd quantity is adsorbed on described waterplant, regular feeding is fed according to a conventional method, aquarium is placed in indoor, and temperature is suitable for leech and grows especially winter, and leech is in the space of a sealing in culturing chamber, cannot escape, it is to increase economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, the leech aquarium of the present invention is described in detail, as shown in the figure: the leech aquarium of the present embodiment, comprise closed casing 1, casing 1 inside is provided with vertical clapboard 11 and cabinet wall is divided into pump chamber 2 and culturing chamber 3, water pump 4 it is provided with in pump chamber 2, leech cultivates in culturing chamber 3, the water outlet of water pump 4 is connected with rising pipe 5, rising pipe 5 is connected through dividing plate 11 with culturing chamber 3, for avoiding leech to enter in water pump by rising pipe 5, outlet at rising pipe 5 arranges micro-strainer a6, such leech is just closed in culturing chamber 3 and escapes without place, the top of pump chamber 2 and culturing chamber 3 is respectively equipped with hatch door 21, 31, open hatch door for adding water to indoor, feeding etc.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, it is connected with pump chamber 2 below culturing chamber 3, by water pump, water can be formed in culturing chamber and pump chamber circulation like this, extend exchange water cycle, water quality is more pure and fresh, and molten oxygen is more sufficient, it is possible to improve leech breeding density, improve output, it is provided with micro-strainer b7 with reason in connectivity part and can prevent leech from entering pump chamber.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, being provided with warming lamp 8 above the inner water surface of culturing chamber 3, warming lamp 8 plays illumination, is the photosynthesis offer light source of waterplant and warming effect.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, in culturing chamber, the water surface is provided with waterplant 9, such as algae etc., it is provided that ecological chain and photosynthesis needed for leech produce oxygen etc.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, culturing chamber inner bottom part is provided with river sand 10, for leech hibernation.
As the further improvement of technique scheme, the culturing chamber water surface is provided with multiple sand drift pond 12, bottom, sand drift pond is soaked in water, top is positioned at more than the water surface, sand drift pond is soaked part surface in water and is provided with permeable hole, is placed in by river sand in sand drift pond, and leech can freely climb to river sand surface and carry out having a rest, breeding and lay eggs, make river sand keep moistening by permeable hole, more it is applicable to leech life habit.
Embodiment two
The method of the three-dimensional culture leech based on above-mentioned leech aquarium of the present invention, leech seedling (body weight 0.18��0.20g/ bar) about selecting about 1 monthly age in the annual 3-5 month is dropped in culturing chamber 3, breeding density is 1.5-2 times of conventional cultivation density, namely 0.02��2.3 kilogram/square metre, divide two batches of inputs, namely starting the 2nd batch of input when the leech of 1/3rd quantity is adsorbed on described waterplant 9, regular feeding is fed according to a conventional method.
Divide weekly 10%��15% spiral shell bait of leech body weight of throwing something and feeding altogether for three times, first spiral shell bait is thrown on the waterplant of bottom every time, again spiral shell bait is thrown on the waterplant at middle part, finally spiral shell bait is thrown on the waterplant 9 of the water surface, throw on waterplant 9 by layer, the effect that induction leech is upwards taken food can be played by layer, it is to increase leech physical function.
When entering autumn and winter, particularly when temperature is lower than 15 DEG C, starting warming lamp 8 and heat up, keep the water temperature in aquarium at 25 DEG C �� 2 DEG C, keep the water temperature adapting to leech cultivation, it is to increase output, remarkable in economical benefits increases.
According to said method cultivating leech, the output height of leech, escapement ratio is zero.
What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and unrestricted, although with reference to better embodiment to invention has been detailed explanation, it will be understood by those within the art that, the technical scheme of the present invention can be modified or equivalent replacement, and not departing from objective and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the right of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a leech aquarium, comprise closed casing (1), the inner left and right of described casing (1) is divided into pump chamber (2) and culturing chamber (3), the top of described pump chamber and culturing chamber is respectively equipped with hatch door, water pump (4) it is provided with in described pump chamber, the water outlet of described water pump (4) is connected with culturing chamber (3) by rising pipe (5), the outlet of rising pipe (5) is provided with micro-strainer a (6), described culturing chamber (3) lower section is connected with pump chamber (2), connectivity part is provided with micro-strainer b (7), it is characterized in that: the described culturing chamber water surface is provided with multiple sand drift pond (12), bottom, sand drift pond is soaked in water, top is positioned at more than the water surface, sand drift pond is soaked part surface in water and is provided with permeable hole.
2. leech aquarium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the mesh size of described micro-strainer a (6) and micro-strainer b (7) is 0.5mm-1mm.
3. leech aquarium according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: it is provided with warming lamp (8) above the inner water surface of described culturing chamber (3).
4. leech aquarium according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: by being provided with multilayer waterplant (9) in bottom to the water surface in described culturing chamber (3).
5. leech aquarium according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described culturing chamber (3) inner bottom part is provided with river sand (10).
6. utilize the method for the leech aquarium three-dimensional culture leech described in claim 5, it is characterized in that: leech seedling is dropped in described leech aquarium, breeding density is 1.5-2 times of conventional cultivation density, namely 0.02��2.3 kilogram/square metre, divide two batches of inputs, namely starting the 2nd batch of input when the leech of 1/3rd quantity is adsorbed on described waterplant (9), regular feeding is fed according to a conventional method.
7. the method for leech aquarium three-dimensional culture leech according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: when temperature is lower than 15 DEG C, starts described warming lamp (8) and heat up, keep water temperature at 25 DEG C �� 2 DEG C.
8. the method for leech aquarium three-dimensional culture leech according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: divide weekly three feedings, during each feeding, food is successively thrown in being positioned at bottom culturing chamber, on the waterplant of middle part and the water surface.
CN201310681588.7A 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech Expired - Fee Related CN103609533B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310681588.7A CN103609533B (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310681588.7A CN103609533B (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103609533A CN103609533A (en) 2014-03-05
CN103609533B true CN103609533B (en) 2016-06-08

Family

ID=50160271

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310681588.7A Expired - Fee Related CN103609533B (en) 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103609533B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082250B (en) * 2014-07-08 2016-03-16 靖江市明星水蛭养殖专业合作社 A kind of hirudiniculture piping loop water system
CN104255673A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-07 苏州市泰盛农业科技有限公司 Indoor high-yield leech culture tank
CN105594666B (en) * 2015-12-25 2020-04-03 贵州信邦制药股份有限公司 Breeding method for rapidly increasing antithrombin activity of leeches
CN106305630B (en) * 2016-08-25 2019-11-19 重庆市中药研究院 A kind of Hirudo japonica method for breeding and special equipment improving hirudin biomass
CN107853226A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-03-30 江苏农牧科技职业学院 A kind of thick layer stereo industrial aquaculture device of eurysome golden thread leech seed mark
CN109349174A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-02-19 浙江海洋大学 Leech aquarium
CN111758658A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-10-13 马鞍山市创源水蛭养殖专业合作社 A moisture supplementary device for leech cultivation

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2927687Y (en) * 2006-07-11 2007-08-01 陆树松 Cultivating box for leech
RU2400062C1 (en) * 2009-04-06 2010-09-27 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Медицинский центр "Аско-Сана" Medicinal leech in vitro culture method
CN102630649A (en) * 2012-05-16 2012-08-15 句容市润泰生物科技有限公司 Leech fry raising method
CN103181367A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 曹运山 Leech cultivation method
CN103385218A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-11-13 丹阳市淸云农业发展有限公司 Method for increasing survival rate of autumn juvenile leech
CN203709070U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-16 西南大学 Leech aquarium

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2927687Y (en) * 2006-07-11 2007-08-01 陆树松 Cultivating box for leech
RU2400062C1 (en) * 2009-04-06 2010-09-27 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Медицинский центр "Аско-Сана" Medicinal leech in vitro culture method
CN103181367A (en) * 2011-12-27 2013-07-03 曹运山 Leech cultivation method
CN102630649A (en) * 2012-05-16 2012-08-15 句容市润泰生物科技有限公司 Leech fry raising method
CN103385218A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-11-13 丹阳市淸云农业发展有限公司 Method for increasing survival rate of autumn juvenile leech
CN203709070U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-07-16 西南大学 Leech aquarium

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103609533A (en) 2014-03-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103609533B (en) The method of leech aquarium and three-dimensional culture leech
CN104509490B (en) Simulated ecological breeding method for Chinese soft-shelled turtles
CN102613126B (en) High-efficient ecological seedling-raising method of blue crabs
CN105494240B (en) A kind of comprehensive breeding method of crocodile tortoise
CN112042570B (en) Method for efficiently cultivating and domesticating micropterus salmoides water bloom seedlings in pond greenhouse
CN103355253B (en) A kind of cultural method of small water turtle
CN105613387B (en) A kind of fish oosperm hatching apparatus and hatching method
CN105594642B (en) A kind of multi-stage surface artificial wetland ecology cogeneration system and application method based on Chi Geng
CN104082253B (en) Leech and snail, pasture and water commensalism enclosure fence high-yield cultivation method
CN106577410B (en) Leech courtyard-style stereoscopic cultivation method
CN101069491A (en) Ecological culturing method for adult Chinese soft-shelled turtle
CN105532543A (en) Soft-shelled turtle breeding method
CN103548720B (en) A kind of method of Trachyostracous mussel artificial induced spawning and insemination
CN106172232A (en) The cultural method of China's grass tortoise
CN107711635A (en) Leech seedling cultural method
CN104082249A (en) Poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding device and method
CN104067969A (en) Eel breeding method
CN106035177B (en) Soft-shelled turtle, eel, fish, lotus symbiosis breeding method
CN103766255A (en) Method for breeding finless eels
CN103392652A (en) Feeding method of tilapia
CN103430875A (en) Method for improving survival rate of octopus ocellatus larve
CN201467829U (en) Novel artificial temperature control incubation device for turtle egg
CN105724322B (en) Climb the indoor scale cultural method of sandworm larva and pupa
CN103651200B (en) A kind of method for culturing seedlings of Portunus pelagicus
CN105010201A (en) Green high-yield finless eel breeding method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 402460 Rongchang District, Xueyuan Road, No. 160,

Patentee after: Southwest University

Address before: 400715 Chongqing Road, Beibei District No. 2

Patentee before: Southwest University

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160608

Termination date: 20181212