CN104082249A - Poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding device and method - Google Patents

Poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104082249A
CN104082249A CN201410309261.1A CN201410309261A CN104082249A CN 104082249 A CN104082249 A CN 104082249A CN 201410309261 A CN201410309261 A CN 201410309261A CN 104082249 A CN104082249 A CN 104082249A
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China
Prior art keywords
hiruto
breeding
breeding box
indoor
mesh bag
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CN201410309261.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋延坤
覃壬
许振朝
黄�俊
张雄胜
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NANNING JINGXUEHUANG BIOENGINEERING Co Ltd
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NANNING JINGXUEHUANG BIOENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410309261.1A priority Critical patent/CN104082249A/en
Publication of CN104082249A publication Critical patent/CN104082249A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding device. The poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding device mainly comprises a breeding box, a mesh bag and a multi-layer breeding rack, wherein the mesh bag and the multi-layer breeding rack are arranged in the breeding box in a matched mode. On the basis, an artificial blood sucking poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding method is established based on the biological nature of the poecilobdella manillensis, the mature poecilobdella manillensis breeding is carried out through the indoor multi-layer breeding rack/box, the escaping preventing mesh bag, a manual feeding platform and a water storage temperature control system, and the poecilobdella manillensis larva can be directly bred into the mature individual. By means of the device and method, the occupied space is small, the unit area yield/cultivation benefit which is 2-4 times that of existing indoor pool cultivation is large, the breeding survival rate is more than 85 percent and is improved by 15 percent compared with an ordinary method, the breeding period is shortened by one to two months, and the safety quality of the matured poecilobdella manillensis is high.

Description

Hiruto indoor culture device and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to extraordinary medicinal animal cultural technique field, relate in particular to a kind of hiruto indoor culture device and method.
Background technology
Yi Zhi section animal hiruto was successfully listed " the strong pharmacopeia of the strong medicine quality standard in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region " volume Two (version in 2011) in 2011, for hiruto, as medicine, legal utilization provides foundation.At present, the hirudo provincialis main flow kind on market is the eurysome golden thread leech of not sucking blood, and because eurysome golden thread leech has entered Chinese pharmacopoeia very early, existing hirudiniculture technology is main mainly with eurysome golden thread leech, and cultural method also cultivates as main taking traditional outdoor land for growing field crops.Because hiruto is having special efficacy aspect treatment cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, become gradually the extraordinary medicinal animal of emerging hot topic, under the driving of market interest, excessively capture and cause wild resource to reduce year by year, therefore propagate artificially and become the effective way that solves raw material supply.Hiruto is made a living to suck vertebrate blood, and its life habit has very large difference with the eurysome golden thread leech of not sucking blood, thereby existing eurysome golden thread leech cultural method is not suitable for hiruto.
Mainly the traditional cultivation of outdoor land for growing field crops and cultivation of indoor pond about the cultural method report of hiruto, these method hiruto survival rates are low, hand labor amount is large, and breeding water body is easy to be subject to the excrement disease of hiruto to affect deterioration, water quality degenerates and mutually infects and cause dead probability large with disease, be easy to occur large face death condition, and the cultivation input of links and environment be difficult to accomplish controlled, directly affected the quality of hiruto cultivation finished product.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides that a kind of hiruto survival rate is high, the less and cultivating condition of quality of finished product good, hand labor amount, environment facilitate controlled hiruto indoor culture device and method.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention by the following technical solutions: hiruto indoor culture device mainly comprises breeding box and interior supporting mesh bag and multilayer frame for cultivating; Breeding box is uncovered cylindrical shape, and bottom sets out water valve; Mesh bag size shape and breeding box are suitable, mesh bag slide fastener or the movable slit rope established suitable for reading; Every layer of frame for cultivating is all furnished with inlet channel (heat-insulating heat-preserving material parcel pipeline is to ensure to add water termostat) and drainage pipeline, and inlet channel connects water storage temperature-controlling system; Breeding box is single or placed side by side on frame for cultivating.
Wherein, breeding box is made up of the nontoxic glass of the above hard of thickness 3mm or plastics, indeformable difficult fragmentation, high 30-35cm, diameter 18-20cm, the delivery port diameter 1.5-2cm of outlet valve; Mesh bag is not easy fracture of nylon net bag, mesh bag exceeds breeding box 8-10cm, diameter 20-22cm, mesh is 30-40 order, when nylon net bag is placed on breeding box, strutted by 3-4 plastic ring, due to plastic ring has elastic force can deformation, under natural extended configuration, diameter is consistent with mesh bag base diameter, can completely mesh bag be strutted into cylindric mesh bag and the breeding box inwall of making and be close to, thereby mesh bag is fixed in breeding box, while use, can freely take out breeding box; Frame for cultivating is layer 2-4 (3 layers of the best), frame for cultivating is liftoff 10cm, and the wide 55-60cm of frame for cultivating, each interlamellar spacing is 50-53cm, can freely enter draining and a dead lift breeding box is advisable.
According to actual conditions, also can be without multilayer frame for cultivating, and directly breeding box is placed on to table top or on the common shelf of repacking.
When use, breeding box carrying 5-7L water, case mouth opens wide uncovered, and each breeding box is suitable for reading can add water at case mouth by a supporting feed cock direct (or leading flexible pipe), maintains water level at 20-25cm; Outlet valve is used for Artificial Control draining, at mobile box not with open completely in outlet valve situation, in 2 minutes, water in case all can be drained; Simultaneously can draining in water inlet, control water inlet consistent with drainage speed, realize the water-flowing type aquaculture of water body free exchange.Mesh bag can be by using freely artificial switching of slide fastener or movable slit rope, and after mesh bag sealing suitable for reading, whole mesh bag is closed, and the hiruto of the inside cultivation cannot climb out of outside mesh bag, whole hirutos can be contained in and in mesh bag, propose breeding box.
Use the hiruto indoor culture method of above-mentioned cultivator, cultivator is placed in to ventilated, 10-38 DEG C indoor, feed by 150-170 bar/case density, by water storage temperature-controlling system, temperature of cultivation is controlled to 18-32 DEG C, cultivation 5-6 month, keeps breeding environment clean clean during this time.Specifically cultivate by following operation:
The in-built 5-7L breeding water of the each breeding box of <1>, the hiruto seedling 150-170 bar of 0.2-0.5 gram/bar of input specification, the clean not damaged of seedling body surface;
<2>, according to the size of cultivation amount, successively supplies 20 DEG C of above breeding waters when water storage temperature-controlling system should be able to ensure winter, breeding water is underground clean well water or the running water through 24h aeration; Temperature of cultivation passes through water storage temperature-controlling system free adjustment control inflow temperature at 18-32 DEG C according to Various Seasonal, temperature difference per day is no more than 3 DEG C, and should keep clean transparent, once occur causing water quality variation due to hiruto excreta or haematemesis, in water body color yellowing or kermesinus situation, should change in time water, aquaculture water changes once every day in summer in principle, keeps water-flowing type aquaculture winter;
In <3> breeding process, need within every 5-7 days, to clean 1 breeding box inwall, use chlorinated product or potassium permanganate sterilizing 1 time;
<4> is during to hiruto feeding, nylon net bag is taken out and is placed into feed table (sterilize clean vinyl disc or post the tank of light face ceramic tile) and carries out feeding together with hiruto, be that (vertebrate blood is the fresh pig that there is no contaminated mistake to hiruto gross weight 8-10 fresh vertebrate blood bowel lavage doubly weight, ox, sheep, rabbit blood, filling with the intestines used of blood is the artificial casing of sterilize) after put in nylon net bag to hiruto feeding, feeding time is about 20-30 minute, after feeding finishes, casing is taken out, hiruto is rinsed well together with nylon net bag, put back to breeding box and continue cultivation, feeding number of times, depending on the digestion rate of hiruto, is generally 2-3 time/month,
<5>, from throwing in the cultivation of hiruto seedling, checks once every day, finds that there is dead individual cleaning in time and does innoxious burying;
<6> is owing to there are differences between the hiruto amount of sucking and growth rate individuality, same breeding box just there will be the different hiruto of Individual Size through cultivation after a while, therefore every 30-35 days, hiruto is pressed to Individual Size branch mailbox again, the hiruto (body weight error≤0.5g/ bar) of same size is reintegrated at same breeding box, and each breeding box quantity is 150-170 bar.
The problems that exist for current hiruto cultivation, inventor has designed a kind of hiruto indoor culture device, mainly comprise breeding box and interior supporting mesh bag and multilayer frame for cultivating, this device can be realized and freely change the cleaning that water keeps aquaculture water, and mesh bag can prevent hiruto flight simultaneously.On this basis, inventor is in conjunction with the biological nature of hiruto, set up a kind of method of hirudinaria manillensis hiruto indoors artificial cultivation, by add the anti-mesh bag of escaping with indoor multilayer frame for cultivating/case, configuration hand fed platform, water storage temperature-controlling system carry out the cultivation of hiruto finished product, the hiruto young directly can be supported to ripe individual.Because the present invention adopts the little aquaculture model of distributing, water body exchange and peace and quiet breeding environment become and are more prone to, hand labor less investment, in breeding process, disease occurrence probability is few, on affecting the convenient manual control of carrying out of various factors of hiruto quality, prevented to greatest extent mutual cross-infection, be not easy occurrence of large-area death condition, greatly degree has improved the safe mass of hiruto finished product.Apply floor space of the present invention few, unit are quantum of output/culture benefit large (being 2-4 times that existing indoor pond cultivates), cultivation survival rate (higher by 15% than commonsense method) more than 85%, the culture-cycle shortens 1-2 month.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of hiruto indoor culture device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the use view of hiruto indoor culture device of the present invention (part).
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of mesh bag in hiruto indoor culture device of the present invention.
In figure: 1 breeding box, 2 mesh bags, 3 multilayer frame for cultivating, 4 outlet valves, 5 inlet channels, 6 drainage pipelines, 7 water storage temperature-controlling systems.
Embodiment
One, designing and producing of hiruto indoor culture device
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, this cultivator mainly comprises breeding box 1 and interior supporting mesh bag 2 and multilayer frame for cultivating 3; Breeding box is uncovered cylindrical shape, and bottom sets out water valve 4; Mesh bag size shape and breeding box are suitable, the mesh bag movable slit rope of establishing suitable for reading; Every layer of frame for cultivating is all furnished with inlet channel 5 (internal diameter 2cm, and with heat-insulating heat-preserving material parcel pipeline to ensure to add water termostat) and drainage pipeline 6, inlet channel connection water storage temperature-controlling system 7, and drainage pipeline is arranged under breeding box outlet valve; Breeding box is placed side by side on frame for cultivating, every layer two row, 6/row, three layers totally 36.
Wherein, breeding box is made up of the hard non-toxic plastic of thickness 3mm, high 30cm, diameter 20cm, the delivery port diameter 1.5cm of outlet valve; Mesh bag is nylon net bag, and mesh bag exceeds breeding box 8cm, diameter 20cm, and mesh is 30-40 order, is strutted, thereby mesh bag is fixed in breeding box when nylon net bag is placed on breeding box by 3-4 plastic ring, while use, can freely take out breeding box; Frame for cultivating is 3 layers, long 200cm, wide 60cm, high 160cm, and the frame for cultivating bottom is liftoff 10cm, each interlamellar spacing is 53cm.
When use, breeding box carrying 5-7L water, case mouth opens wide uncovered, and each breeding box supporting feed cock suitable for reading also leads 20cm flexible pipe and adds water at case mouth, maintains water level at 20-25cm; Outlet valve is used for Artificial Control draining, at mobile box not with open completely in outlet valve situation, in 2 minutes, water in case all can be drained; Simultaneously can draining in water inlet, control water inlet consistent with drainage speed, realize the water-flowing type aquaculture of water body free exchange.Mesh bag can be by using freely artificial switching of movable slit rope, and after mesh bag sealing suitable for reading, whole mesh bag is closed, and the hiruto of the inside cultivation cannot climb out of outside mesh bag, whole hirutos can be contained in and in mesh bag, propose breeding box.
Two, hiruto indoor culture method
Above-mentioned one cultivator is placed in the normal room of ventilated, 10-38 DEG C, feeds by 150-170 bar/case density, by water storage temperature-controlling system, temperature of cultivation is controlled to 18-32 DEG C, cultivate 6 months, keep during this time breeding environment clean clean.Specifically cultivate by following operation:
The in-built 5-7L breeding water of the each breeding box of <1>, the hiruto seedling 150-170 bar of 0.2-0.5 gram/bar of input specification, the clean not damaged of seedling body surface, 2.01kg altogether, approximately 5800;
<2> breeding water all adopts running water, process tank aeration 24 hours, and water storage temperature-controlling system design moisture storage capacity is 3m 3, can meet daily water or the maintenance miniflow water state of changing of breeding box, after aeration, current, through electric heating temperature control device, regulate by temperature control system, and leaving water temperature can be controlled at 18-32 DEG C according to actual needs, flows into breeding box by the water after temperature control by inlet channel; Temperature of cultivation should keep clean transparent, and change once every day, once occur causing water quality variation due to hiruto excreta or haematemesis, in water body color yellowing or kermesinus situation, should change in time water, and clean breeding box and nylon net bag;
In <3> breeding process, need within every 5-7 days, to clean 1 breeding box inwall, use chlorinated product or potassium permanganate sterilizing 1 time;
<4> starts feeding for the first time after the cultivation of 1 week, while giving hiruto feeding, nylon net bag is taken out and is placed into feed table (posting the tank of light face ceramic tile) and carries out feeding together with hiruto, be that (vertebrate blood is the fresh pig that there is no contaminated mistake to hiruto gross weight 8-10 fresh vertebrate blood bowel lavage doubly weight, ox, sheep, rabbit blood, filling with the intestines used of blood is the artificial casing of sterilize) after put in nylon net bag to hiruto feeding, the about 20-30 minute of feeding time, approximately there is 70% hiruto to inhale completely full, approximately 20% half-full state, approximately 10% does not suck, after feeding finishes, casing is taken out, hiruto is rinsed well together with nylon net bag, then again put back to breeding box by every case 150-170 bar and continue cultivation inhaling saturated undernourished hiruto completely, and the hiruto of not sucking is picked out and continued to throw something and feed in the time of next feeding, feeding number of times, depending on the digestion rate of hiruto, is generally 2-3 time/month,
<5>, from throwing in the cultivation of hiruto seedling, checks once every day, finds that there is dead individual cleaning in time and does innoxious burying;
<6> pressed Individual Size branch mailbox again every 30-35 days hiruto, the hiruto (body weight error≤0.5g/ bar) of same size is reintegrated at same breeding box, and each breeding box quantity is 150-170 bar.
Result: cultivated through 180 days from input seedling, it is disease-free that a situation arises, (gross dry weight---hiruto leaves breeding water body to gather in the crops altogether the hiruto finished product 25.52kg of starvation (hiruto body includes blood volume and accounts for its TBW below 20%), in air, naturally drain the nt wt net weight after 10-15 minute), article approximately 5100,, more than 95% hiruto >=4g/ bar (same commercial specification shortens 1-2 month than traditional land for growing field crops breeding way), on average be about 5g/ bar, survival rate is for being about 88%.

Claims (8)

1. a hiruto indoor culture device, is characterized in that mainly comprising breeding box and interior supporting mesh bag thereof; Breeding box is uncovered cylindrical shape, and bottom sets out water valve; Mesh bag size shape and breeding box are suitable, mesh bag slide fastener or the movable slit rope established suitable for reading.
2. hiruto indoor culture device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described breeding box is made up of the nontoxic glass of hard or plastics; Described mesh bag is nylon net bag, and nylon net bag is strutted by plastic ring.
3. hiruto indoor culture device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the high 30-35cm of described breeding box, diameter 18-20cm, the delivery port diameter 1.5-2cm of outlet valve; Described mesh bag exceeds breeding box 8-10cm, diameter 20-22cm, and mesh is 30-40 order, plastic ring is 3-4.
4. hiruto indoor culture device according to claim 3, characterized by further comprising multilayer frame for cultivating, and every layer of frame for cultivating is all furnished with inlet channel and drainage pipeline, and inlet channel connects water storage temperature-controlling system; Described breeding box is single or placed side by side on frame for cultivating.
5. hiruto indoor culture device according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described frame for cultivating is layer 2-4, frame for cultivating is liftoff 10cm, and the wide 55-60cm of frame for cultivating, each interlamellar spacing is 50-53cm.
6. right to use requires the hiruto indoor culture method of cultivator described in 1, it is characterized in that: described cultivator is placed in to ventilated, 10-38 DEG C indoor, feed by 150-170 bar/case density, by water storage temperature-controlling system, temperature of cultivation is controlled to 18-32 DEG C, cultivation 5-6 month, keeps breeding environment clean clean during this time.
7. hiruto indoor culture method according to claim 6, is characterized in that being undertaken by following operation:
The in-built 5-7L breeding water of the each breeding box of <1>, the hiruto seedling 150-170 bar of 0.2-0.5 gram/bar of input specification;
<2> temperature of cultivation is controlled at 18-32 DEG C, and temperature difference per day is no more than 3 DEG C, and should keep clean transparent;
In <3> breeding process, need within every 5-7 days, to clean 1 breeding box inwall, use chlorinated product or potassium permanganate sterilizing 1 time;
<4> is during to hiruto feeding, nylon net bag is taken out and is placed into feed table and carries out feeding together with hiruto, be to put in nylon net bag to hiruto feeding after hiruto gross weight 8-10 fresh vertebrate blood bowel lavage doubly weight, after feeding finishes, casing is taken out, hiruto is rinsed well together with nylon net bag, put back to breeding box and continue cultivation;
<5>, from throwing in the cultivation of hiruto seedling, checks once every day, finds that there is dead individual cleaning in time and does innoxious burying;
<6> pressed Individual Size branch mailbox again every 30-35 days hiruto, and the hiruto of same size is reintegrated at same breeding box, and each breeding box quantity is 150-170 bar.
8. hiruto indoor culture method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described aquaculture water changes once every day in summer, keeps water-flowing type aquaculture winter; Described feeding number of times is 2-3 time/month, and each feeding time is 20-30 minute; Described feed table is the clean vinyl disc of sterilization or the tank that posts light face ceramic tile; Described vertebrate blood is fresh pig, ox, sheep, the rabbit blood that there is no contaminated mistake, and the intestines that filling blood is used are the artificial casing of sterilizing; The hiruto of described same size refers to the hiruto individuality of body weight error≤0.5g/ bar.
CN201410309261.1A 2014-06-30 2014-06-30 Poecilobdella manillensis indoor breeding device and method Pending CN104082249A (en)

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CN104430190A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-25 南宁市净雪皇生物工程有限公司 Device and method for feeding poecilobdella manillensis manually
CN104904664A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-16 广西复鑫益生物科技有限公司平南分公司 High-density artificial breeding method for poecilobdellamanillensis
CN105104280A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-02 贵州大学 Method and structure for breeding poecilobdella manillensis in cement pool
CN105494268A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-20 汤浩强 Hirudiniculture system applicable to high-density factorization
CN105660535A (en) * 2014-11-17 2016-06-15 云南海瑞迪生物药业有限公司 Culture method for Poecilobdella manillensis
CN107347753A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-17 荆州市民康生物科技有限公司 A kind of overwintering cultivation method for propagating leech artificially
CN108184728A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-06-22 广西三兴堂生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating hiruto

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430190A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-25 南宁市净雪皇生物工程有限公司 Device and method for feeding poecilobdella manillensis manually
CN105660535A (en) * 2014-11-17 2016-06-15 云南海瑞迪生物药业有限公司 Culture method for Poecilobdella manillensis
CN104904664A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-16 广西复鑫益生物科技有限公司平南分公司 High-density artificial breeding method for poecilobdellamanillensis
CN105104280A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-12-02 贵州大学 Method and structure for breeding poecilobdella manillensis in cement pool
CN105494268A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-20 汤浩强 Hirudiniculture system applicable to high-density factorization
CN107347753A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-17 荆州市民康生物科技有限公司 A kind of overwintering cultivation method for propagating leech artificially
CN108184728A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-06-22 广西三兴堂生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating hiruto
CN108184728B (en) * 2018-02-02 2020-12-22 广西三兴堂生物科技有限公司 Method for breeding Poecilobdella manillensis

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Application publication date: 20141008