CN103430819A - Soilless culture substrate for strawberry - Google Patents

Soilless culture substrate for strawberry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103430819A
CN103430819A CN2013103532161A CN201310353216A CN103430819A CN 103430819 A CN103430819 A CN 103430819A CN 2013103532161 A CN2013103532161 A CN 2013103532161A CN 201310353216 A CN201310353216 A CN 201310353216A CN 103430819 A CN103430819 A CN 103430819A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soilless culture
culture substrate
strawberry
solid
nutrient solution
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013103532161A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘朝辉
Original Assignee
江苏鼎钰生态农业科技有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 江苏鼎钰生态农业科技有限公司 filed Critical 江苏鼎钰生态农业科技有限公司
Priority to CN2013103532161A priority Critical patent/CN103430819A/en
Publication of CN103430819A publication Critical patent/CN103430819A/en

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention provides soilless culture substrate for strawberry, and relates to the technical field of agriculture. The soilless culture substrate is prepared through the following method of firstly, uniformly mixing a solid material which is smashed into 6 to 9mm with pig manure, so as to obtain solid substrate, secondly, spraying nutrient solution to the solid substrate obtained in the first step, and uniformly blending the nutrient solution and the solid substrate, and thirdly, placing the nutrient solution and the solid substrate for 11 to 12 days at 15 to 30 DEG C, and ensuring that the nutrient solution and the solid substrate natural fermentation is subjected to natural fermentation, so as to obtain the soilless culture substrate. By adopting the soilless culture substrate provided by the invention, insect pests which occur when soil culture is adopted can be reduced, the yield is improved, and the cost is lowered and the usage amount of pesticide is reduced.

Description

The soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry

Technical field

The present invention relates to agricultural technology field, be specifically related to the soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry.

Background technology

In prior art, the size of population sharply increases, and the per capita cultivated land day by day reduces, and the soil in arid area and saline land is unsuitable for farming.At soil planting crop, a lot of insect ovum are arranged in soil, during planting, need often to spray insecticide, easily contaminated soil, water and crops.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides the soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry, can reduce the insect pest while adopting soil cultivation, improve output, reduce costs, reduce the agricultural chemicals usage amount.

The soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry, employing is prepared as follows method and obtains:

(1) mix with pig manure after solid material being crushed to 6-9mm, obtain solid matrix;

(2), to the described solid matrix of step (1), spray nutrient solution uniform mixing;

(3) place 11-12 days at 15-30 ℃, spontaneous fermentation, obtain soilless culture substrate.

Described nutrient solution is the aqueous solution that contains following concentration composition: sodium nitrate 5-6 grams per liter, urea 3-4 grams per liter, copper nitrate 2-3 mg/litre, manganese nitrate 4-5 mg/litre, ferrous sulfate 45-65 mg/litre, ammonium phosphate 3-5 mg/litre.

Described solid material is one or more the mixture in gardens fallen leaves, deadwood, stalk, sawdust, bark and wood shavings.

Described solid material is that 50:1-2 mixes with pig manure according to weight ratio.

The weight ratio of described solid matrix and nutrient solution is 50:1-2.

Beneficial effect:

Soilless culture substrate provided by the invention, can reduce the insect pest while adopting soil cultivation, improves output, reduces costs, and reduces the agricultural chemicals usage amount.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

The soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry, employing is prepared as follows method and obtains:

(1) solid material is the mixture in gardens fallen leaves and wood shavings.Be that 50:1 mixes with pig manure according to weight ratio after solid material is crushed to 6-9mm, obtain solid matrix;

(2), to the described solid matrix of step (1), spray nutrient solution uniform mixing; The weight ratio of solid matrix and nutrient solution is 50:1.Described nutrient solution is the aqueous solution that contains following concentration composition: sodium nitrate 5 grams per liters, urea 3 grams per liters, copper nitrate 2 mg/litre, manganese nitrate 4 mg/litre, ferrous sulfate 45 mg/litre, ammonium phosphate 3 mg/litre.

(3) at 15-30 ℃, place 11 days, spontaneous fermentation, obtain soilless culture substrate.

Adopt soilless culture substrate and normal soil plantation strawberry in the present embodiment, the Yield of Strawberry on soilless culture substrate has improved 20%, and the agricultural chemicals usage amount has reduced by 15%, cost 19%.

Embodiment 2

The soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry, employing is prepared as follows method and obtains:

(1) mixture that solid material is stalk and sawdust.Be that 50:2 mixes with pig manure according to weight ratio after solid material is crushed to 6-9mm, obtain solid matrix;

(2), to the described solid matrix of step (1), spray nutrient solution uniform mixing; The weight ratio of solid matrix and nutrient solution is 50:2.Described nutrient solution is the aqueous solution that contains following concentration composition: sodium nitrate 6 grams per liters, urea 4 grams per liters, copper nitrate 3 mg/litre, manganese nitrate 5 mg/litre, ferrous sulfate 65 mg/litre, ammonium phosphate 5 mg/litre.

(3) at 15-30 ℃, place 12 days, spontaneous fermentation, obtain soilless culture substrate.

Adopt soilless culture substrate and normal soil plantation strawberry in the present embodiment, the Yield of Strawberry on soilless culture substrate has improved 18%, and the agricultural chemicals usage amount has reduced by 12%, cost 15%.

Embodiment 3

The soilless culture substrate of a kind of strawberry, employing is prepared as follows method and obtains:

(1) mixture that solid material is gardens fallen leaves and deadwood.Be that 50:1.5 mixes with pig manure according to weight ratio after solid material is crushed to 6-9mm, obtain solid matrix;

(2), to the described solid matrix of step (1), spray nutrient solution uniform mixing; The weight ratio of solid matrix and nutrient solution is 50:1.5.Described nutrient solution is the aqueous solution that contains following concentration composition: sodium nitrate 5.6 grams per liters, urea 3.4 grams per liters, copper nitrate 2.3 mg/litre, manganese nitrate 4.5 mg/litre, ferrous sulfate 55-65 mg/litre, ammonium phosphate 4 mg/litre.

(3) at 15-30 ℃, place 114 days, spontaneous fermentation, obtain soilless culture substrate.

Adopt soilless culture substrate and normal soil plantation strawberry in the present embodiment, the Yield of Strawberry on soilless culture substrate has improved 15%, and the agricultural chemicals usage amount has reduced by 10%, cost 12%.

  

Claims (5)

1. the soilless culture substrate of a strawberry is characterized in that adopting being prepared as follows method and obtaining:
(1) mix with pig manure after solid material being crushed to 6-9mm, obtain solid matrix;
(2), to the described solid matrix of step (1), spray nutrient solution uniform mixing;
(3) place 11-12 days at 15-30 ℃, spontaneous fermentation, obtain soilless culture substrate.
2. the soilless culture substrate of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described nutrient solution is the aqueous solution that contains following concentration composition: sodium nitrate 5-6 grams per liter, urea 3-4 grams per liter, copper nitrate 2-3 mg/litre, manganese nitrate 4-5 mg/litre, ferrous sulfate 45-65 mg/litre, ammonium phosphate 3-5 mg/litre.
3. the soilless culture substrate of described strawberry according to claim 2, is characterized in that described solid material is one or more the mixture in gardens fallen leaves, deadwood, stalk, sawdust, bark and wood shavings.
4. the soilless culture substrate of strawberry according to claim 3, is characterized in that described solid material is that 50:1-2 mixes with pig manure according to weight ratio.
5. the soilless culture substrate of strawberry according to claim 4, the weight ratio that it is characterized in that described solid matrix and nutrient solution is 50:1-2.
CN2013103532161A 2013-08-14 2013-08-14 Soilless culture substrate for strawberry CN103430819A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013103532161A CN103430819A (en) 2013-08-14 2013-08-14 Soilless culture substrate for strawberry

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103688836A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-04-02 镇江兴农有机肥有限公司 Manufacturing method of soilless seedling breeding matrix special for strawberries
CN104160934A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-26 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Water cultivation method for purple sweet potatoes
CN104584996A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-06 陈程 Soilless culture substrate with organic manganese and preparation method thereof
CN104641902A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Strawberry culture medium
CN104641989A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Preparation method of potted strawberry culture bed
CN105519415A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-04-27 河南农业职业学院 Planting method for soilless pot culture of pseudo-ginseng
CN106069659A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-11-09 句容市白兔镇倪塘徐华果园 A kind of organic ecological soilless culture method of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae
CN106577229A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Soilless culture substrate for strawberries and application thereof

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898190A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-01-30 长阳勤劳农夫农产品有限公司 Matrix special for strawberry cultivation and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898190A (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-01-30 长阳勤劳农夫农产品有限公司 Matrix special for strawberry cultivation and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
无: "番茄树的高产栽培技术", 《中国农业数字图书馆》, 17 December 2010 (2010-12-17) *

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103688836A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-04-02 镇江兴农有机肥有限公司 Manufacturing method of soilless seedling breeding matrix special for strawberries
CN103688836B (en) * 2013-12-21 2015-04-22 镇江兴农有机肥有限公司 Manufacturing method of soilless seedling breeding matrix special for strawberries
CN104160934A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-26 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Water cultivation method for purple sweet potatoes
CN104160934B (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-08-24 苏东红 A kind of Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae ciltivating process
CN104584996A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-06 陈程 Soilless culture substrate with organic manganese and preparation method thereof
CN104641902A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Strawberry culture medium
CN104641989A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-27 和县秀山美地农业科技有限公司 Preparation method of potted strawberry culture bed
CN105519415A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-04-27 河南农业职业学院 Planting method for soilless pot culture of pseudo-ginseng
CN106069659A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-11-09 句容市白兔镇倪塘徐华果园 A kind of organic ecological soilless culture method of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae
CN106577229A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Soilless culture substrate for strawberries and application thereof

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