CN104584996A - Soilless culture substrate with organic manganese and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Soilless culture substrate with organic manganese and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104584996A
CN104584996A CN201410755681.2A CN201410755681A CN104584996A CN 104584996 A CN104584996 A CN 104584996A CN 201410755681 A CN201410755681 A CN 201410755681A CN 104584996 A CN104584996 A CN 104584996A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
manganese
soilless culture
culture substrate
organic
agricultural
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410755681.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈程
林国友
罗生芳
Original Assignee
陈程
林国友
罗生芳
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Publication date
Application filed by 陈程, 林国友, 罗生芳 filed Critical 陈程
Priority to CN201410755681.2A priority Critical patent/CN104584996A/en
Publication of CN104584996A publication Critical patent/CN104584996A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • C05D9/02Other inorganic fertilisers containing trace elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a soilless culture substrate with organic manganese and a preparation method thereof. The soilless culture substrate with the organic manganese comprises animal urine, crop straws, industrial and agricultural by-products, inorganic manganese, machine-made sand and the like. Composted organic matter with the organic manganese is obtained by mixing and fermenting the animal urine, the crop straws, the industrial and agricultural by-products and the inorganic manganese, and the soilless culture substrate with the organic manganese is prepared by mixing the composted organic matter and the machine-made sand.

Description

A kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to cultivation technique without soil field, be specifically related to a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The challenge that China reduces by population growth, soil is very severe, population accounts for total world population's 1/4, but the arable area had is only 1/7 of world's total area under cultivation, according to statistics in 2000, whole nation per capita cultivated land is only 0.01 hm2, soilless culture can provide and exceed normal soil and cultivate several times even product quantity of more than ten times, can utilize sandy beach, the barren land such as saline and alkaline produces agricultural product, for food security security system is laid a solid foundation.China is the country that water quality resource is quite poor, and be listed in one of 13 poor-water states in the world, national water resources ownership per capita is only 1/4 of world's per capita share, annual lack of water about 30,000,000,000 m of agricultural 3, soilless culture, as the effective means of water-saving agriculture, will play its important effect at drought and water-scarce area.China's facility cultivation development rapidly, to become, many regional agriculturals are got rich, the effective means of growth of agricultural efficiency, but the result of cultivated since long, soil in protected field cultivation continuous cropping obstacle increasingly sharpens, soilless culture is playing as the effective means of radical cure soil cultivation continuous cropping obstacle and is acting on, and will extensively be applied from now in facility cultivation.
Soilless culture substrate needs all nutriments providing plant growth needs, and each nutriment wants scientific and reasonable collocation, meets demand of plant growth.The method of artificial interpolation fertilizer is simple, but Fertilizer nutrient comparison of ingredients is single, often cause nutritive element scarcity or ratio not science, and fertilizer price is higher, is unfavorable for reducing costs.
A lot of soilless culture substrate uses the natural sands such as river sand as the batching of soilless culture substrate at present, but the natural sand particle size range such as river sand are narrower, the porosity formed during preparation matrix is more single, be unfavorable for the demand of different root system of plant to culture matrix porosity, and natural sand price is higher, belong to natural resources, its forming process cycle is long, total amount is limited, easily cause when fishing natural river sand destroying the problems such as river course, farmland, water conservancy, therefore, natural sand is unsuitable for using in a large number in soilless culture.
In addition, along with Living consumption improves the requirement to agricultural product quality, cultivation technique without soil, outside the requirement of satisfied raising output, more needs the quality and the health care that improve agricultural product.Research shows, rare element has and important effect in maintenance human body and animal health.
First crop manganese deficiency symptom appears on spire, mesophyll chlorosis during shortage, and time serious, chlorosis small pieces expand, and show as yellow between vein, sometimes occur a series of pitchy spot and stop growing.The most often occur in alkaline pH soil at high organic-matter soil and the lower neutrality of Fe content.Rice leaf (water planting) vein of manganese deficiency is interrupted chlorosis, and occur sepia fleck, time serious, spot is linked to be strip, is expanded into patch.In humans and animals body manganese deficiency can cause occurring losing weight, the symptom such as sexual disorder, graying of hair.
In sum, a kind of excellent soilless culture substrate be prepared, the problem of the aspects such as soilless culture substrate nutrient component, the selection of filling batching, the quality of product and health-care effect must be considered simultaneously, solve the deficiencies in the prior art.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese and preparation method thereof is provided, the present invention just animals urine, agricultural crop straw, agriculture and industry waste, inorganic manganese mixing is fermented, obtain the decomposed organic matter containing Organic Manganese, decomposed organic matter and Machine-made Sand are mixed and made into the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese by a certain percentage.
The present invention realizes in the following way:
Containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 100-200 part, agricultural crop straw 250-400 part, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 100-500 part, inorganic manganese 0.05-0.1 part, Machine-made Sand 400-1000 part.
As above containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 120 parts, agricultural crop straw 300 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 400 parts, inorganic manganese 0.3 part, Machine-made Sand 600 parts.
As above containing the soilless culture substrate of Organic Manganese, described agricultural crop straw comprise in rice straw, maize straw, cassava stalk, sugarcane stalk more than one.Agricultural crop straw derives from plant itself, is rich in the whole nutritive elements needed for plant, and wide material sources, cheap, be beneficial to making soilless culture substrate.
As above containing the soilless culture substrate of Organic Manganese, described industrial or agricultural accessory substance comprise in vinasse, rice bran, wheat bran, corn flour, dregs of beans, cassava starch dregs, beer residue, pomace, Chinese herb residues, peanut shell, wooden chaff, bark powder, coconut palm chaff, changing food waste, Boiler Ash more than one.Agriculture and industry waste source is wide, price is low, containing abundant organic matter, becomes the nutriment needed for plant growth after undergoing microbial fermentation.
As above containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, the particle diameter of described Machine-made Sand is 0.3-4.0 mm.Machine-made Sand particle size can control according to demand, is convenient to the porosity size adjusted in the soilless culture substrate of different plant, is conducive to the growth of root system of plant, improve plant growth rate, and Machine-made Sand is cheap, is applicable to large-scale soilless culture.
As above containing a preparation method for the soilless culture substrate of Organic Manganese, comprise the steps:
(1) batch mixing fermentation: it is 0.5-2 cm that agricultural crop straw 250-400 part is crushed to length, mix with animals urine 100-200 part, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 100-500 part, inorganic manganese 0.05-0.1 part, must be fermented bed material, fermentation bed material ferments at 28-35 DEG C, every 12 hours stirrings once, terminate fermentation after 14-21 days, obtain decomposed organic matter; Agricultural crop straw is pulverized, is not only beneficial to and becomes thoroughly decomposed and fermentable, and the stalk residue after becoming thoroughly decomposed can make soilless culture substrate become fluffy, be beneficial to root system of plant and breathe; Animals urine contains the composition needed for plant such as urea and phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, and wherein excellent nitrogenous fertilizer is not only by urea, also has reproducibility, inorganic manganese can be reduced into red Organic Manganese; The microorganisms such as bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, yeast are inoculated in fermentation bed material naturally, these microorganisms are except being converted into except vegetable manure by organic matter in fermentation bed material, inorganic manganese can also be transformed Organic Manganese, solve a difficult problem low to inorganic manganese absorption and use efficiency for plant.
(2) add batching: mixed with Machine-made Sand 400-1000 part by decomposed organic matter, obtain the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese.According to floristic difference, adopt the Machine-made Sand of different proportion and different-grain diameter size, can ensure that the porosity of soilless culture substrate meets the demand of plant root growth.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect:
1, contain Organic Manganese in soilless culture substrate of the present invention, soilless cultivation plant can be improved to the absorption of manganese element and utilization, make manganese form Organic Manganese in plant, improve the manganese element content of plant, increase the nutrition and health care effect of plant.
2, inorganic manganese is converted into Organic Manganese by the physiological action of the urea reduction in animals urine and microorganism by the present invention, solves the difficult problem that inorganic manganese generates Organic Manganese, reduces the use cost of Organic Manganese.
3, Machine-made Sand of the present invention can carry out control particle size according to demand, is convenient to the porosity size adjusted in the soilless culture substrate of different plant, is conducive to the growth of root system of plant, improves plant growth rate.
4, agricultural crop straw of the present invention derives from plant itself, is rich in the whole nutritive elements needed for plant, and the stalk residue after becoming thoroughly decomposed can make soilless culture substrate become fluffy, is beneficial to root system of plant and breathes.
5, the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese of the present invention is nutritious, with low cost, preparation method simple, is applicable to extensive generation and uses.
6, animals urine, agricultural crop straw, industrial or agricultural by-product resource utilize by the present invention, both avoid environmental pollution, and turn improve the value of material, and had good economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefits.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the invention will be further described, be easier to be understood, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to these embodiments to make advantages and features of the invention.
embodiment 1
Containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 120 parts, agricultural crop straw 300 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 400 parts, inorganic manganese 0.05 part, Machine-made Sand 600 parts.
Described agricultural crop straw comprises rice straw, maize straw, cassava stalk, sugarcane stalk.
Described industrial or agricultural accessory substance comprises vinasse, rice bran, wheat bran, corn flour, dregs of beans, cassava starch dregs, beer residue, pomace, Chinese herb residues, peanut shell, wooden chaff, bark powder, coconut palm chaff, changing food waste, Boiler Ash.
The particle diameter of described Machine-made Sand is 0.3 mm.
The method of the described soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese of preparation, comprises the steps:
(1) batch mixing fermentation: it is 2 cm that agricultural crop straw 300 parts is crushed to length, mix with animals urine 120 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 400 parts, inorganic manganese 0.05 part, must be fermented bed material, fermentation bed material ferments at 28 DEG C, every 12 hours stirrings once, terminate fermentation after 21 days, obtain decomposed organic matter;
(2) add batching: mixed by decomposed organic matter and Machine-made Sand 600 parts, obtain the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese.
embodiment 2
Containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 100 parts, agricultural crop straw 350 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 100 parts, inorganic manganese 0.08 part, Machine-made Sand 1000 parts.
Described agricultural crop straw comprises rice straw, sugarcane stalk.
Described industrial or agricultural accessory substance comprises corn flour, dregs of beans, cassava starch dregs, beer residue, pomace, Chinese herb residues, peanut shell, wooden chaff, bark powder.
The particle diameter of described Machine-made Sand is 4 mm.
The method of the described soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese of preparation, comprises the steps:
(1) batch mixing fermentation: it is 1 cm that agricultural crop straw 350 parts is crushed to length, mix with animals urine 100 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 350 parts, inorganic manganese 0.08 part, must be fermented bed material, fermentation bed material ferments at 30 DEG C, every 12 hours stirrings once, terminate fermentation after 14 days, obtain decomposed organic matter;
(2) add batching: mixed by decomposed organic matter and Machine-made Sand 1000 parts, obtain the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese.
embodiment 3
Containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 150 parts, agricultural crop straw 400 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 500 parts, inorganic manganese 0.06 part, Machine-made Sand 800 parts.
Described agricultural crop straw comprises rice straw, maize straw, cassava stalk.
Described industrial or agricultural accessory substance comprises vinasse, rice bran, wheat bran, corn flour, peanut shell, wooden chaff, bark powder, coconut palm chaff, changing food waste, Boiler Ash.
The particle diameter of described Machine-made Sand is 1 mm.
The method of the described soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese of preparation, comprises the steps:
(1) batch mixing fermentation: it is 0.5 cm that agricultural crop straw 400 parts is crushed to length, mix with animals urine 150 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 500 parts, inorganic manganese 0.06 part, must be fermented bed material, fermentation bed material ferments at 32 DEG C, every 12 hours stirrings once, terminate fermentation after 20 days, obtain decomposed organic matter;
(2) add batching: mixed by decomposed organic matter and Machine-made Sand 800 parts, obtain the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese.
embodiment 4
Containing a soilless culture substrate for Organic Manganese, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 200 parts, agricultural crop straw 250 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 500 parts, inorganic manganese 0.1 part, Machine-made Sand 400 parts.
Described agricultural crop straw comprises rice straw, cassava stalk, sugarcane stalk.
Described industrial or agricultural accessory substance comprises vinasse, rice bran, wheat bran, corn flour, dregs of beans, cassava starch dregs, beer residue, pomace, Chinese herb residues, coconut palm chaff, changing food waste, Boiler Ash.
The particle diameter of described Machine-made Sand is 2 mm.
The method of the described soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese of preparation, comprises the steps:
(1) batch mixing fermentation: it is 1.5 cm that agricultural crop straw 250 parts is crushed to length, mix with animals urine 200 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 500 parts, inorganic manganese 0.1 part, must be fermented bed material, fermentation bed material ferments at 28 DEG C, every 12 hours stirrings once, terminate fermentation after 18 days, obtain decomposed organic matter;
(2) add batching: mixed by decomposed organic matter and Machine-made Sand 400 parts, obtain the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese.

Claims (6)

1. the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese, it is characterized in that, comprise the raw material of following weight portion: animals urine 100-200 part, agricultural crop straw 250-400 part, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 100-500 part, inorganic manganese 0.05-0.1 part, Machine-made Sand 400-1000 part.
2. a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the raw material comprising following weight portion: animals urine 120 parts, agricultural crop straw 300 parts, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 400 parts, inorganic manganese 0.05 part, Machine-made Sand 600 parts.
3. a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described agricultural crop straw comprise in rice straw, maize straw, cassava stalk, sugarcane stalk more than one.
4. a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described industrial or agricultural accessory substance comprise in vinasse, rice bran, wheat bran, corn flour, dregs of beans, cassava starch dregs, beer residue, pomace, Chinese herb residues, peanut shell, wooden chaff, bark powder, coconut palm chaff, changing food waste, Boiler Ash more than one.
5. a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the particle diameter of described Machine-made Sand is 0.3-4.0 mm.
6. the preparation method of a kind of soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese as described in any one of claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
(1) batch mixing fermentation: it is 0.5-2 cm that agricultural crop straw 250-400 part is crushed to length, mix with animals urine 100-200 part, industrial or agricultural accessory substance 100-500 part, inorganic manganese 0.05-0.1 part, must be fermented bed material, fermentation bed material ferments at 28-35 DEG C, every 12 hours stirrings once, terminate fermentation after 14-21 days, obtain decomposed organic matter;
(2) add batching: mixed with Machine-made Sand 400-1000 part by decomposed organic matter, obtain the soilless culture substrate containing Organic Manganese.
CN201410755681.2A 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 Soilless culture substrate with organic manganese and preparation method thereof CN104584996A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108370870A (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-08-07 梁苑春 A kind of mating system of richness manganese radix tylophorae

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CN108370870A (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-08-07 梁苑春 A kind of mating system of richness manganese radix tylophorae

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