CN103319217B - Bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103319217B
CN103319217B CN201310211682.6A CN201310211682A CN103319217B CN 103319217 B CN103319217 B CN 103319217B CN 201310211682 A CN201310211682 A CN 201310211682A CN 103319217 B CN103319217 B CN 103319217B
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parts
organic fertilizer
weight
bio
sweet potato
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CN201310211682.6A
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CN103319217A (en
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朱延庆
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朱延庆
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Abstract

The invention provides a bio-organic fertilizer. The bio-organic fertilizer is prepared from 30 to 100 parts by weight of sweet potato stem, 20 to 50 parts by weight of rice bran cake, 10 to 15 parts of biological bacteria, 20 to 30 parts by weight of molasses, 2 to 8 parts by weight of humic acid, 20 to 30 parts by weight of water, 40 to 70 parts by weight of dry chicken manure, 5 to 20 parts by weight of lake plants, 5 to 20 parts by weight of shell powder and 10 to 30 parts by weight of modeling clay slag. The preparation method can change waste sweet potato stems and lake plants in the countryside into values, can realize preparation of the bio-organic fertilizer by mixing the waste sweet potato stems and lake plants and other raw materials, can fully utilize the advantages of waste sweet potato stems and lake plants in the countryside, can solve environmental pollution problems, has simple and feasible processes and is suitable for large-scale industrial production.

Description

A kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to agricultural fertilizer production technical field, particularly a kind of biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

The existence of plant soil of relying is base, and fertilizer is the grain of plant.At a large amount of Nutrients uptake of necessary for growth, it grows plant fast, and the growth of different soil to crop has a certain impact, and this just needs to carry out effectively soil

Improvement.The fertilizer of existing improvement soil just can see the impact of fertilizer on farm crop, can not reach effective improvement to soil.Major part soil causes soil compaction owing to using chemical fertilizer, and lean soil is unreasonable due to fertilising, does not effectively improve the soil, thus causes not having harvest or in poor harvest; Particularly saltings accounts for sizable land area in China and even countries in the world, can not cultivate because of saline and alkaline laying particular stress on, and a large amount of fund that also drops into had improves, and row's alkali presses down salt, but produces little effect.

It is more that current China makes research at organic fertilizer this part, makes full use of existing resource or waste resource also becomes more and more important.Sweet potato vine, as the very abundant plant of a kind of nutritive element, is not well utilized in rural area, is caused serious waste of resources.The resource that one, lake Cao Yeshi rural area is very important in addition, much in lake, exuberant lake grass not only can affect water quality, causes the biology in lake suffocate and die, and not only makes lake grass this value had that do not obtain it, pollutes environment on the contrary.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of bio-organic fertilizer, be suitable for apple tree, pear tree, peach, grape etc. plantation.Second object of the present invention there is provided the preparation method of this bio-organic fertilizer.

Technical scheme: a kind of bio-organic fertilizer provided by the invention, comprises the component of following parts by weight: the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 30 ~ 100 parts, rice bran cake 20 ~ 50 parts, biological bacteria 10 ~ 15 parts, 20 ~ 30 parts, molasses, humic acids 2 ~ 8 parts, 20 ~ 30 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 40 ~ 70 parts, lake grass 5 ~ 20 parts, oyster shell whiting 5 ~ 20 parts, oily native slag 10 ~ 30 parts.

Preferably, the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 30 parts, rice bran cake 20 parts, biological bacteria 10 parts, 20 parts, molasses, humic acids 2 parts, 20 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 40 parts, lake grass 5 parts, oyster shell whiting 5 parts, oily native slag 10 parts.

Preferably, described biological bacteria is one or more in EM bacterium, antibiotic bacteria, vinelandii or zymophyte.

The preparation method of described a kind of bio-organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps: 1) dried by the sweet potato vine of above-mentioned mass fraction and lake grass by above-mentioned raw materials, add dried poultrymanure and rice bran cake, be crushed to 100 ~ 120 orders, be placed in fermentation vat; 2) add the biological bacteria of above-mentioned mass fraction, molasses, humic acids, oyster shell whiting, water and oil soil slag to mix, be placed in fermentation vat, within 7 ~ 10 days, this fertilizer can be obtained 30 ~ 40 DEG C of lower seal fermentations.

Beneficial effect: a kind of bio-organic fertilizer provided by the invention, the waste resource sweet potato vine in rural area and lake grass are turned waste into wealth, it is become bio-organic fertilizer with other mixed raw materials, not only take full advantage of the waste resource sweet potato vine in rural area and the advantage of lake grass, and solve the problem of its contaminate environment, this preparation method is simple, is applicable to large-scale industrial production.

Embodiment

According to following embodiment, the present invention may be better understood.But those skilled in the art will readily understand, concrete material proportion, processing condition and result thereof described by embodiment only for illustration of the present invention, and should can not limit the present invention described in detail in claims yet.

Embodiment 1

A kind of bio-organic fertilizer, comprises the component of following parts by weight: the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 30 parts, rice bran cake 20 parts, biological bacteria 10 parts, 20 parts, molasses, humic acids 2 parts, 20 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 40 parts, lake grass 5 parts, oyster shell whiting 5 parts, oily native slag 10 parts.

Described biological bacteria is EM bacterium, antibiotic bacteria.

The preparation method of described a kind of bio-organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: 1) dried by the sweet potato vine of above-mentioned mass fraction and lake grass by above-mentioned raw materials, add dried poultrymanure and rice bran cake, be crushed to 100 orders, be placed in fermentation vat; 2) add the biological bacteria of above-mentioned mass fraction, molasses, humic acids, oyster shell whiting, water and oil soil slag to mix, be placed in fermentation vat, fermenting at 30 DEG C of lower seals can obtain this fertilizer in 7 days.

Embodiment 2

A kind of bio-organic fertilizer, comprises the component of following parts by weight: the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 100 parts, rice bran cake 50 parts, biological bacteria 15 parts, 30 parts, molasses, humic acids 8 parts, 30 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 70 parts, lake grass 20 parts, oyster shell whiting 20 parts, oily native slag 30 parts.

Described biological bacteria is EM bacterium, antibiotic bacteria, vinelandii.

The preparation method of described a kind of bio-organic fertilizer, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: 1) dried by the sweet potato vine of above-mentioned mass fraction and lake grass by above-mentioned raw materials, add dried poultrymanure and rice bran cake, be crushed to 120 orders, be placed in fermentation vat; 2) add the biological bacteria of above-mentioned mass fraction, molasses, humic acids, oyster shell whiting, water and oil soil slag to mix, be placed in fermentation vat, fermenting at 40 DEG C of lower seals can obtain this fertilizer in 8 days.

Embodiment 3

A kind of bio-organic fertilizer, comprises the component of following parts by weight: the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 65 parts, rice bran cake 35 parts, biological bacteria 13 parts, 25 parts, molasses, humic acids 5 parts, 25 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 65 parts, lake grass 15 parts, oyster shell whiting 17 parts, oily native slag 20 parts.

Described biological bacteria is EM bacterium, antibiotic bacteria, vinelandii and zymophyte.

The preparation method of described a kind of bio-organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps: 1) dried by the sweet potato vine of above-mentioned mass fraction and lake grass by above-mentioned raw materials, add dried poultrymanure and rice bran cake, be crushed to 110 orders, be placed in fermentation vat; 2) add the biological bacteria of above-mentioned mass fraction, molasses, humic acids, oyster shell whiting, water and oil soil slag to mix, be placed in fermentation vat, fermenting at 35 DEG C of lower seals can obtain this fertilizer in 10 days

Embodiment 4

Above-mentioned organic biofertilizer is used for peach, pear tree, the test of apple tree Production of Large Fields

Field test place: experimental plot, white rabbit town, Jurong City of Jiangsu Province, being prepared by the preparation method of embodiment 1 ~ 3 according to the above ratio in the present embodiment and obtaining bio-organic fertilizer, reaching quality standards through detecting its quality product.The application process of bio-organic fertilizer of the present invention is: (1), before peach is transplanted, with this organic fertilizer as base manure, amount of application is 90 ~ 100 kilograms every mu;

(2) use this dedicated fertilizer topdress the most in peach phase of bearing fruit of blooming, amount of application is 60 ~ 70 kilograms every mu;

Biological organic fertilizer of the present invention and common fertilizer trial effect contrast: biological organic fertilizer: peach, pear tree, apple tree can be made to increase production 30% ~ 45%, use within 3 ~ 5 years, also can improve soil soil property continuously, make loosing soil, are easy to plantation in the coming year.And common fertilizer can not reach this effect.

Claims (3)

1. a bio-organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that, comprise the component of following parts by weight: the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 30 ~ 100 parts, rice bran cake 20 ~ 50 parts, biological bacteria 10 ~ 15 parts, 20 ~ 30 parts, molasses, humic acids 2 ~ 8 parts, 20 ~ 30 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 40 ~ 70 parts, lake grass 5 ~ 20 parts, oyster shell whiting 5 ~ 20 parts, oily native slag 10 ~ 30 parts, described biological bacteria is one or more in antibiotic bacteria, vinelandii or zymophyte.
2. a kind of bio-organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the raw material that described organic fertilizer comprises following mass fraction is made: sweet potato vine 30 parts, rice bran cake 20 parts, biological bacteria 10 parts, 20 parts, molasses, humic acids 2 parts, 20 parts, water, dried poultrymanure 40 parts, lake grass 5 parts, oyster shell whiting 5 parts, oily native slag 10 parts.
3. the preparation method of a kind of bio-organic fertilizer described in any one of claim 1 ~ 2, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: 1) above-mentioned raw materials is dried by the sweet potato vine of above-mentioned mass fraction and lake grass, add dried poultrymanure and rice bran cake, be crushed to 100 ~ 120 orders, be placed in fermentation vat; 2) add the biological bacteria of above-mentioned mass fraction, molasses, humic acids, oyster shell whiting, water and oil soil slag to mix, be placed in fermentation vat, within 7 ~ 10 days, this fertilizer can be obtained 30 ~ 40 DEG C of lower seal fermentations.
CN201310211682.6A 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 Bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof CN103319217B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104761374A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-08 安徽中农化工国际贸易有限公司 Bio-organic fertilizer for corn and preparation method of bio-organic fertilizer
CN105104065A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-02 安徽九禾农业发展有限公司 Pear tree planting method
CN106316481A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-11 严铭 Fertilizer
CN106699480A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-05-24 岳西县岳太苦荞麦制品有限公司 Tartary buckwheat-planting green organic fertilizer prepared by degrading biological bacteria, and preparation technology of green organic fertilizer
CN106748563A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-05-31 岳西县岳太苦荞麦制品有限公司 Duck wheat plantation green organic fertilizer prepared by a kind of utilization biological bacteria degraded
CN106883032A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-06-23 岳西县岳太苦荞麦制品有限公司 A kind of duck wheat cultivates special farm manure and preparation method thereof
CN106831194A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 新疆心连心能源化工有限公司 A kind of bergamot pear drip irrigation special fertilizer and its application

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1368487A (en) * 2001-02-01 2002-09-11 张显军 Formula and process for preparing efficient biological organic (or semi-organic) fertilizer
CN1618772A (en) * 2003-11-20 2005-05-25 郭伟光 High efficiency biological organic fertilizer and its production technology
CN101913933A (en) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-15 黑龙江省龙睦有机肥料有限责任公司 Method for producing organic complex fertilizer through microbial solid fermentation
CN102173911A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-09-07 青岛田瑞生态科技有限公司 Fertilizer special for tea tree and preparation method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1368487A (en) * 2001-02-01 2002-09-11 张显军 Formula and process for preparing efficient biological organic (or semi-organic) fertilizer
CN1618772A (en) * 2003-11-20 2005-05-25 郭伟光 High efficiency biological organic fertilizer and its production technology
CN101913933A (en) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-15 黑龙江省龙睦有机肥料有限责任公司 Method for producing organic complex fertilizer through microbial solid fermentation
CN102173911A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-09-07 青岛田瑞生态科技有限公司 Fertilizer special for tea tree and preparation method

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