CN103283455A - White tea planting method - Google Patents

White tea planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103283455A
CN103283455A CN2013102119330A CN201310211933A CN103283455A CN 103283455 A CN103283455 A CN 103283455A CN 2013102119330 A CN2013102119330 A CN 2013102119330A CN 201310211933 A CN201310211933 A CN 201310211933A CN 103283455 A CN103283455 A CN 103283455A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
white tea
soil
time
cultivation
fertilizer
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CN2013102119330A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘小忠
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句容市白兔镇茂森农产品专业合作社
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Priority to CN2013102119330A priority Critical patent/CN103283455A/en
Publication of CN103283455A publication Critical patent/CN103283455A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a white tea planting method. The white tea planting method includes the steps of field selection, soil preparation and fertilization, white tea seedling planting, transplantation, shaping and pruning. The white tea planting method has the advantages that three layers of different base fertilizers are applied to be more beneficial to nutrient uptake of white tea seedlings and cannot touch roots of the white tea seedlings, so that the white tea seedlings cannot be burnt, and healthy growth of the white tea seedlings is benefited; during shaping and pruning, nutrition of the white tea seedlings can be guaranteed not to lose by three-time manual pruning control, and apical dominance is eliminated, so that white tea can grow more luxuriantly.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of white tea
Technical field
The invention belongs to the culture technique field of tealeaves, particularly a kind of cultivation method of white tea.
Background technology
White tea is the category that belongs to green tea, but also be the mutational variety of green tea, it originates in Zhejiang, Fujian one band, and white tea happiness is warm, generally round the clock mean temperature difference more than 10 ℃, effective accumulated temperature is at 3500 ~ 4000 ℃, and year-round average temperature is at 16 ~ 24 ℃, and daily mean temperature is at 16 ~ 30 ℃, minimum can be anti--15 ~-12 ℃, relative moisture is 80% ~ 90%, and soil moisture content is 70% ~ 80%, and it is 1500 ~ 2000m that year contains rainfall.Because white tea is harsh relatively to the plantation conditional request, and at present also relatively backward in China for the cultivating technology of white tea, needs to strengthen labor management in the plantation of general area.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the cultivation method of a kind of white tea that the purpose of this invention is to provide, simple to operation, make that by applying different types of fertilizer white tea shoot nutrient absorption is complete, eliminate apical dominance by special typing trim mode in addition, make white tea shoot healthy growth.
Technical scheme: the invention provides a kind of cultivation method of white tea, may further comprise the steps:
1) field is selected: select that hidding and sunny side, physical features are smooth 1 year 7 ~ August, soil depth is that 65cm is above, the gradient less than 25 ° nutrient preserving capability can be good soil;
2) site preparation and fertilization: carry out soil then 9 ~ October and plough deeply 0.46 ~ 0.49m, the ditch that begins to rehearse all around, smooth soil divides three layers and executes down base fertilizer;
3) plant white tea shoot: plant mode with the single file bar, wide row space 1.35m ~ 1.45m, clump is apart from 0.35 ~ 0.45m, every clump of white tea shoot of kind 2 ~ 3 strains;
4) transplant: in February, the 3rd ~ March the white tea shoot transplantation with soil of the delegation of per three interlines in new field, is watered sufficient normal root water after the transplanting, treat that water immerses soil after, earthing is to white tea shoot pin 2.5 ~ 3.5cm;
5) typing is pruned: clip must be smooth, from the next axillalry bud 5mm, keeps outer lateral bud.
Preferably, described step 2) base fertilizer in divides three layers from top to bottom, respectively is rape cake fertilizer, tealeaves composite fertilizer special and farmyard manure.
Preferably, typing in the described step 5) is pruned to be had three times, for the first time cut overhead that 16 ~ 19cm cuts off major branch, for the second time the first time clip improve the above branch of 16cm ~ 19cm and all cut off, all cut off at the above branch of the clip raising 16cm second time for the third time.
Preferably, described farmyard manure 30t/hm 2, tealeaves composite fertilizer special 1.2t/hm 2With rape cake fertilizer 1.3t/hm 2
Preferably, the weeding of described white tea is identical with the land for growing field crops Routine Management with the extermination of disease and insect pest.
Beneficial effect: the cultivation method of a kind of white tea provided by the invention, by applying Tipple Bottom fertilizer, every layer of base fertilizer adopts variety classes, is beneficial to the nutrient absorption of white tea shoot more, Tipple Bottom fertilizer does not touch the root of white tea shoot in addition, the white tea shoot of can not burning is conducive to growing up healthy and sound of white tea shoot, in addition in the process that typing is pruned, prune control by artificial three times, can impel the nutrition of tea shoot can not run off, eliminate apical dominance, make tealeaves look more luxuriant.
Embodiment
According to following embodiment, the present invention may be better understood.Yet, those skilled in the art will readily understand that the described concrete material proportion of embodiment, process conditions and result thereof only are used for explanation the present invention, and should also can not limit the present invention described in detail in claims.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultivation method of white tea may further comprise the steps:
1) field is selected: select that hidding and sunny side, physical features are smooth 1 year 7 ~ August, soil depth is that 65cm is above, the gradient less than 25 ° nutrient preserving capability can be good soil;
2) site preparation and fertilization: carry out soil then 9 ~ October and plough deeply 0.48m, the ditch that begins to rehearse all around, smooth soil divides three layers and executes down base fertilizer; Base fertilizer divides three layers from top to bottom, respectively is rape cake fertilizer, tealeaves composite fertilizer special and farmyard manure.Described farmyard manure 30t/hm 2, tealeaves composite fertilizer special 1.2t/hm 2With rape cake fertilizer 1.3t/hm 2
3) plant white tea shoot: plant mode with the single file bar, wide row space 1.4m, the clump apart from 0.4m, every clump of white tea shoot of kind 2 ~ 3 strains;
4) transplant: in February, the 3rd ~ March the white tea shoot transplantation with soil of the delegation of per three interlines in new field, is watered sufficient normal root water after the transplanting, treat that water immerses soil after, earthing is to white tea shoot pin 3cm;
5) typing is pruned: clip must be smooth, from the next axillalry bud 5mm, keeps outer lateral bud.Typing is pruned to be had three times, cuts overhead for the first time that 18cm cuts off major branch, for the second time the first time clip improve the above branch of 18cm and all cut off, for the third time the second time clip improve the above branch of 16cm and all cut off.
The weeding of described white tea is identical with the land for growing field crops Routine Management with the extermination of disease and insect pest.
 
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultivation method of white tea may further comprise the steps:
1) field is selected: select that hidding and sunny side, physical features are smooth 1 year 7 ~ August, soil depth is that 65cm is above, the gradient less than 25 ° nutrient preserving capability can be good soil;
2) site preparation and fertilization: carry out soil then 9 ~ October and plough deeply 0.46m, the ditch that begins to rehearse all around, smooth soil divides three layers and executes down base fertilizer; Base fertilizer divides three layers from top to bottom, respectively is rape cake fertilizer, tealeaves composite fertilizer special and farmyard manure.Described farmyard manure 30t/hm 2, tealeaves composite fertilizer special 1.2t/hm 2With rape cake fertilizer 1.3t/hm 2
3) plant white tea shoot: plant mode with the single file bar, wide row space 1.35m, the clump apart from 0.35m, every clump of white tea shoot of kind 2 ~ 3 strains;
4) transplant: in February, the 3rd ~ March the white tea shoot transplantation with soil of the delegation of per three interlines in new field, is watered sufficient normal root water after the transplanting, treat that water immerses soil after, earthing is to white tea shoot pin 2.5cm;
5) typing is pruned: clip must be smooth, from the next axillalry bud 5mm, keeps outer lateral bud.Typing is pruned to be had three times, cuts overhead for the first time that 16cm cuts off major branch, for the second time the first time clip improve the above branch of 16cm and all cut off, for the third time the second time clip improve the above branch of 16cm and all cut off.
The weeding of described white tea is identical with the land for growing field crops Routine Management with the extermination of disease and insect pest.
 
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultivation method of white tea may further comprise the steps:
1) field is selected: select that hidding and sunny side, physical features are smooth 1 year 7 ~ August, soil depth is that 65cm is above, the gradient less than 25 ° nutrient preserving capability can be good soil;
2) site preparation and fertilization: carry out soil then 9 ~ October and plough deeply 0.49m, the ditch that begins to rehearse all around, smooth soil divides three layers and executes down base fertilizer; Base fertilizer divides three layers from top to bottom, respectively is rape cake fertilizer, tealeaves composite fertilizer special and farmyard manure.Described farmyard manure 30t/hm 2, tealeaves composite fertilizer special 1.2t/hm 2With rape cake fertilizer 1.3t/hm 2
3) plant white tea shoot: plant mode with the single file bar, wide row space 1.45m, the clump apart from 0.45m, every clump of white tea shoot of kind 2 ~ 3 strains;
4) transplant: in February, the 3rd ~ March the white tea shoot transplantation with soil of the delegation of per three interlines in new field, is watered sufficient normal root water after the transplanting, treat that water immerses soil after, earthing is to white tea shoot pin 3.5cm;
5) typing is pruned: clip must be smooth, from the next axillalry bud 5mm, keeps outer lateral bud.Typing is pruned to be had three times, cuts overhead for the first time that 19cm cuts off major branch, for the second time the first time clip improve the above branch of 19cm and all cut off, for the third time the second time clip improve the above branch of 16cm and all cut off.
The weeding of described white tea is identical with the land for growing field crops Routine Management with the extermination of disease and insect pest.
 
The height of the selected white tea shoot of above-described embodiment is more than 27cm, and the rhizome diameter is not less than 0.2cm and well developed root system, and the leaf look normal, no damage by disease and insect.

Claims (5)

1. the cultivation method of a white tea is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
1) field is selected: select that hidding and sunny side, physical features are smooth 1 year 7 ~ August, soil depth is that 65cm is above, the gradient less than 25 ° nutrient preserving capability can be good soil;
2) site preparation and fertilization: carry out soil then 9 ~ October and plough deeply 0.46 ~ 0.49m, the ditch that begins to rehearse all around, smooth soil divides three layers and executes down base fertilizer;
3) plant white tea shoot: plant mode with the single file bar, wide row space 1.35m ~ 1.45m, clump is apart from 0.35 ~ 0.45m, every clump of white tea shoot of kind 2 ~ 3 strains;
4) transplant: in February, the 3rd ~ March the white tea shoot transplantation with soil of the delegation of per three interlines in new field, is watered sufficient normal root water after the transplanting, treat that water immerses soil after, earthing is to white tea shoot pin 2.5 ~ 3.5cm;
5) typing is pruned: clip must be smooth, from the next axillalry bud 5mm, keeps outer lateral bud.
2. according to the cultivation method of the described a kind of white tea of claim 1, it is characterized in that described step 2) in base fertilizer divide three layers from top to bottom, respectively be rape cake fertilizer, tealeaves composite fertilizer special and farmyard manure.
3. the cultivation method of a kind of white tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, typing in the described step 5) is pruned to be had three times, for the first time cutting overhead, 16 ~ 19cm cuts off major branch, for the second time the first time clip improve the above branch of 16cm ~ 19cm and all cut off, all cut off at the above branch of the clip raising 16cm second time for the third time.
4. the cultivation method of a kind of white tea according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described farmyard manure 30t/hm 2, tealeaves composite fertilizer special 1.2t/hm 2With rape cake fertilizer 1.3t/hm 2
5. the cultivation method of a kind of white tea according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the weeding of described white tea is identical with the land for growing field crops Routine Management with the extermination of disease and insect pest.
CN2013102119330A 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 White tea planting method CN103283455A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103621284A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-03-12 贵州省紫云县映宏农业开发有限公司 Method for cultivating white tea
CN103636401A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-03-19 遵义琦琅生物技术咨询有限公司 Cuttage breeding method of white tea
CN103798030A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-05-21 浙江安吉宋茗白茶有限公司 Anji white tea ecological and efficient cultivation method
CN103947423A (en) * 2014-04-26 2014-07-30 贵州黔仁茶生态农业旅游开发有限公司 White tea planting method
CN104996251A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-28 贵州瓮安鑫产园茶业有限公司 Planting method of white tea under high altitude and high ultraviolet rays
CN106171778A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-07 普定县青源茶叶专业合作社 A kind of Cultivating techniques of fresh Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis leaf
CN108739033A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-06 正安县中观干家山茶叶种植农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of white tea
CN110012771A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-16 广西师范大学 A kind of method of Camellia nitidissima early high yield cultivation

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CN102379200A (en) * 2011-07-30 2012-03-21 安徽省东至茶树良种繁殖示范场 Quick clonal tea tree breeding method

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CN101946661A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-19 溧阳市天目湖茶叶研究所 Industrial fast breeding method for white tea
CN102144465A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-08-10 平利县女娲银峰茶叶有限公司 Quick cultivation technique for building tea garden
CN102144487A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-08-10 溧阳市天目湖玉枝特种茶果园艺场 Method for culturing big-leaf white tea
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103621284A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-03-12 贵州省紫云县映宏农业开发有限公司 Method for cultivating white tea
CN103636401A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-03-19 遵义琦琅生物技术咨询有限公司 Cuttage breeding method of white tea
CN103798030A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-05-21 浙江安吉宋茗白茶有限公司 Anji white tea ecological and efficient cultivation method
CN103947423A (en) * 2014-04-26 2014-07-30 贵州黔仁茶生态农业旅游开发有限公司 White tea planting method
CN103947423B (en) * 2014-04-26 2016-08-24 贵州黔仁茶生态农业旅游开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of white tea
CN104996251A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-28 贵州瓮安鑫产园茶业有限公司 Planting method of white tea under high altitude and high ultraviolet rays
CN106171778A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-07 普定县青源茶叶专业合作社 A kind of Cultivating techniques of fresh Ramulus et Folium Mussaendae Pubescentis leaf
CN108739033A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-06 正安县中观干家山茶叶种植农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of white tea
CN110012771A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-16 广西师范大学 A kind of method of Camellia nitidissima early high yield cultivation

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