CN103125328B - Frog rice zoology breeding method - Google Patents

Frog rice zoology breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103125328B
CN103125328B CN201110390472.9A CN201110390472A CN103125328B CN 103125328 B CN103125328 B CN 103125328B CN 201110390472 A CN201110390472 A CN 201110390472A CN 103125328 B CN103125328 B CN 103125328B
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rice
control
frog
seedling
fertilizer
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CN103125328A (en
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梅雁航
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Shanghai Ziyuan Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd
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SHANGHAI ZIZAIYUAN AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of frog rice zoology breeding method, its production procedure is divided into young plants management stage and field management stage, does not execute any chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticide in rice production technology overall process of the present invention.The fertilizer in rice field is mainly fertilizer, as colza cake, front stubble plantation Chinese milk vetch makees green manure, the disease pest and weed control in rice field solves mainly through cultural control, biological control and physical control, as rice field support the frog, put oophagous trichogrammae, field places trapping lamp, adopt the biopesticide such as matrine and nimbin to kill the serious field of insect pest, field is bred Azotica and is controlled field crop smothering, and ridge overlay film controls ridge crop smothering.Frog rice zoology breeding method protection of the environment of the present invention, fertile soil; and the rice nutrition produced is enriched; quality is superior, is a kind of frog rice zoology breeding method that still can ensure rice stable yields when whole process does not execute any chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticide.

Description

Frog rice zoology breeding method
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture rice production technical field, relate to a kind of frog rice zoology breeding method specifically.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, people have more and more higher requirement, particularly food-safety problem to become the problem of current people's first concern to food.Rice production technology of the prior art generally adopts some chemical pesticides and chemical fertilizer to ensure high yield and the stable yields of rice, but these chemical pesticides and chemical fertilizer not only can cause irreversible pollution to environment, and soil structure can be made little by little to harden sclerosis, affect the output of next year.People eat and remain and executed the rice that chemical fertilizer produces containing chemical pesticide and not only produce harmful effect to health, and the quality of rice is also in reduced levels.So how can provide a kind of just need not can ensure that the high yield of rice and the frog rice zoology breeding method of stable yields become the urgent demand of people to fertilize with chemical pesticide.
Summary of the invention
The deficiency that the present invention exists to overcome prior art, provides a kind of and just need not can ensure the high yield of rice and the frog rice zoology breeding method of stable yields with chemical pesticide to fertilize.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of frog rice zoology breeding method, and its production procedure is as follows: (one) young plants management stage:
(1), seed treatment: before seed soaking, seed is tedded 1-2 days, loaded in ventilative sack by seed, the lime water with 1% is soaked seed 48 hours;
(2), sowing time: the sowing time of seed is determined in late May;
(3), seeding quantity and seedling raising method: every mu of rice seedling bed sows 3.5 kilograms, and seedling raising method requires to adopt floppy disk seedling, and the length of time rice seedlings grow should control at 18-22 days;
(4), rice seedling bed water and fertilizer management: dry nursery bed soil is in small, broken bits fertile, keeps moistening, keeps dry before three leaves, seedling soil moisturizing after three leaves;
(2) the field management stage:
(1), transplant: the green manure Chinese milk vetch of front stubble of turning over before transplanting plantation, transplanting time early and middle ten days in June;
(2), apply fertilizer: based on fertilizer, well-rotted farmyard manure 1000 kilograms executed by every mu, base fertilizer, applies dish cake at twice in tillering stage and booting stage;
(3), Guan Shui: with hydromining free of contamination river after ecological wetland filters;
(4), Pest organism control: rely on the existing sick worm monitoring system of urban district plant protection unit, forecast of disease and pest information is provided in time, use multiple means to carry out integrated control, obtain comprehensive benefit; Prevention and control of weeds takes ridge to cover black film, duckweed and artificial weeding three kinds of modes are placed in field;
(5), results storing: when paddy maturity reaches 85%-90%, rob fine results.
In the described field management stage, the prevention and controls of Pest organism control selects cultural control, and physical control and biological control combine, and with the use of biopesticide; Described biopesticide is matrine, jinggangmeisu and nimbin; Described physical control utilizes frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp to trap and kill adult, 60 mu of erections lamp; Described biological control is the natural enemy of putting the Field Pests such as Mercuric chloride, Chrysopa, spider in rice field in a suitable place to breed, and puts oophagous trichogrammae to control the snout moth's larva in rice field, and rice variety is selected an order Hu and always come blue or green.
The management of Mercuric chloride is put in rice field in a suitable place to breed:
1, tamp ridge, arrange and prevent escaping net:
The every block in frog rice zoology breeding rice field is advisable with 1333 square metres, wide 1 meter-1.2 meters, 60 object polyethylene mesh sheet are selected or window screening construction is anti-escapes net in rice field surrounding, 1 meter-1.5 meters, interval is fixed with fine bamboo rod or waddy, the anti-degree of depth escaping to imbed earth in portion off the net is 0.25 meter, and rice field intake-outlet settles close eyebar silk screen.
2, offer frog ditch, feed table be set:
Feed table is the plank of 2 square meter.After rice field seedling is turned green and taken root, at rice field surrounding excavation frog ditch, furrow width 0.5 meter, dark 0.3 meter, and often clear up, make ditch-water keep unimpeded.The frog ditch of every block rice field ridge surrounding arranges 4-6 feed table, and as the place that Mercuric chloride is had a rest and thrown something and fed, feed table exceeds 3 centimetres-5 centimetres, frog ditch.
3, Mercuric chloride is thrown in and capture time:
Rice shoot is turned green and is taken root latter 10 days-15 days, and select fine day morning or put froglet in a suitable place to breed at dusk, require that froglet physique is strong, anosis without residual, neat specification, body weight 15 grams-20 grams, is advisable with every mu of injected volume 500-1000.First stable breeding 5 days-7 days after throwing in, is beneficial to it and adapts to paddy environment, improve survival rate.Because each kind maturing stage of rice is different, therefore generally can gathers in the crops at rice and catch the rice frog in first 20 days-25 days.Need it is specifically intended that the capture time of the late japonica rice Tanaka frog, prevent from boring cave or death because temperature reduces the frog caused.
4, feedstuff feeding:
For improving the survival rate of froglet in rice field, Mercuric chloride needs suitably to throw something and feed manufactured feed after rendering to rice field.Froglet is gone to the field and starts to throw something and feed for the 2nd day, when Feeding time can fix on the morning 7 and at dusk 6 time, feeding volume was eaten up as degree in 2 hours.Change into after 15 days and throwing something and feeding 1 time at dusk every day.Stop feeding when Mercuric chloride body weight reaches about 50 grams, allow it prey on rice base portion voluntarily and obtain insect and other insect.Feed must be fresh pollution-free, and regularly, multiple spot thrown on feed table, to improve efficiency of feed utilization.
5, daily management:
Feed table will keep clean anhydrous mark, and through the conventional sterilization such as bleaching powder, strong chlorine oil.Strengthen the water quality management of frog ditch, prevent water quality overfertilization, in time dredging frog ditch, and often change the new water of note, in case the generation of the diseases such as gastroenteritis, red leg disease, skin rot.Adhere to early, middle and lately patrolling field, check growing state and the rice growing way of Mercuric chloride at any time, and check that whether ridge is leaky, whether anti-to escape net firm, and the large rainy day is carried out flood control, anti-ly escapes work, and the harmful animal such as egression, snake is driven in attention.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: in frog rice zoology breeding method overall process of the present invention, do not execute any chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticide.The fertilizer in rice field is mainly fertilizer, as colza cake, front stubble plantation Chinese milk vetch makees green manure, the disease pest and weed control in rice field solves mainly through cultural control, biological control and physical control, as rice field support the frog, put oophagous trichogrammae, field places trapping lamp, adopt the biopesticide such as matrine and nimbin to kill the serious field of insect pest, field is bred Azotica indirect labor weeding and is controlled field crop smothering, and ridge overlay film controls ridge crop smothering.Frog rice zoology breeding method protection of the environment of the present invention, fertile soil; and the rice nutrition produced is enriched; quality is superior, is a kind of frog rice zoology breeding method that still can ensure rice stable yields when whole process does not execute any chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticide.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
(1) the young plants management stage:
1. seed treatment: after seed is bought back, should read over the explanation in packaging, understands variety characteristic.Before seed soaking, seed is tedded 1-2 days, seed is loaded in ventilative sack, lime water seed soaking time with 1% 48 hours, adopt three leaching three filter methods, daytime is soaked in water, and pick up evening and be filtered dry moisture, during vernalization, every day takes out ventilation 20 minutes-30 minutes, transpose when putting back to, makes vernalization even.
2. begin sowing in good time: taking into full account breediness, guarantee that the neat fringe of safety and best grouting period take into account annual layout, when ensureing that upper and lower crops for rotation are connected, determine date of seeding.One order Hu and old next blue or green date of seeding, determined to be advisable in late May.
3. seeding quantity and seedling raising method: every mu of rice seedling bed seeding quantity 3.5 kilograms, rarely educates strong seedling.Seedling raising method requires to adopt floppy disk seedling, and prevent the dead seedling seedling rot of bad weather, the length of time rice seedlings grow should control at 18 days-22 days.4. rice seedling bed water and fertilizer management: dry nursery bed soil requires in small, broken bits fertile, keeps moistening, and short neat seedling, keeps dry before three leaves after neat seedling, short root growth, and after three leaves, the moisturizing of seedling soil, seedbed will prevent high temperature from burning seedling and fertilizer damage.
(2) the field management stage:
1. transplant: front stubble green manure Chinese milk vetch of turning over before transplanting, 1.5 tons every mu.Transplanting time is generally early and middle ten days in June, adopts transplanting, the strain of every mu of average Basic Seedling 70,000-8 ten thousand, and rice shoot, with getting with cultivation, does not insert seedling overnight, and transplanting quality requirement is shallow, steady, straight, even.
2. apply fertilizer: the principle of fertilization principle based on fertilizer, base fertilizer General Requirements mu executes well-rotted farmyard manure 1000 kilograms.Apply dish cake in right amount at twice in tillering stage, booting stage, increase ripening rate and grain plumpness.
3. pipe water: require to derive to filter free of contamination river through ecological wetland with water.Rice field Guan Shuiying accomplishes shallow water rice transplanting, and very little water is turned green, thin moisture tiller, in good time dry field, alternation of wetting and drying, gathers in the crops and cuts off the water supply for first 5 days-7 days.Dry field will adhere to that seedling arrives when not waiting, time to not waiting the principle of seedling, start draining dry field when generally every mu of total seedling number reaches 280,000 young plant, must guard against dry field excessive, reduce effective fringe, dry field degree is advisable with sunken pin.
4. Pest organism control: rice diseases and pests controlling is implemented and puted prevention first, the plant protection policy of integrated control, based on ecological theory, uses multiple means to carry out integrated control, obtains comprehensive benefit.
(1) forecast of disease and pest: rely on the existing sick worm monitoring system of urban district plant protection unit, the visual forecast system of sick worm and crop diseases and pest data management system, set up disease worm monitoring point, provide forecast of disease and pest information in time.
(2) prevention and controls: according to green organic rice production pertinent regulations, cultural control and physical control method should organically combine by diseases and pests controlling, select cultural control, physical control and biological control, accomplish control up to standard, with the use of biopesticide, as matrine, jinggangmeisu and nimbin etc.
Biological control: Mercuric chloride predation insect is put in rice field in a suitable place to breed, and control rate reaches 70%, and the natural enemy of the Field Pests such as Chrysopa, spider is also put in rice field in a suitable place to breed, utilizes the relation of food chain, controls the harm of rice leafhopper, rice fulgorid, rice leaf roller; The snout moth's larva in rice field is controlled by putting oophagous trichogrammae.
Physical control: utilize frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp to trap and kill adult, 60 mu of erections lamp.Frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp light harvesting, ripple, look, taste, in one insect-killing trapping, are applied to rice production and can reduce insect insect density, protecting agriculture ecotope.Use cost is low, easy to operate, is indispensable very good economy, safe, effective, easy, general physical control measure during organic rice is produced.
Disease control: scientific and effective rich water quality management, puts field control seedling in time, strengthens the spontaneous resistance of rice strain, alleviates and control rice disease to occur.Prevention and control of weeds adopts ridge to cover black film and duckweed two kinds of modes are placed in field.
5. results storing: when paddy maturity reaches 85%-90%, rob fine results.Must guard against long-time stacking and thresh grain on highway and be exposed to the sun, in order to avoid pollute and quality decline.Notice during storing that single receipts singly stores Dan Yun, will sterilize in warehouse, deinsectization, to kill mouse, note after warehouse entry checking temperature and humidity, mildew-resistant, rat preservative, not hybrid with other materials during transport.Before processing, paddy requires fresh, golden yellow color, and shape neat is consistent, and nothing is damaged, without confused flour beetle, blighted grain, the grain of rice, earth, stone etc., grain surface cleaning immaculate, dirt, water content is below 13%.
Finally should be noted that; above content is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention; but not limiting the scope of the invention; the simple modification that those of ordinary skill in the art carries out technical scheme of the present invention or equivalently to replace, does not all depart from essence and the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a frog rice zoology breeding method, is characterized in that: the production procedure of described frog rice zoology breeding method is as follows:
(1) the young plants management stage:
(1), seed treatment:
Before seed soaking, seed is tedded 1-2 days, loaded in ventilative sack by seed, the lime water with 1% is soaked seed 48 hours;
(2), sowing time:
The sowing time of seed is determined in late May;
(3), seeding quantity and seedling raising method:
Every mu of rice seedling bed sows 3.5 kilograms, and seedling raising method requires to adopt floppy disk seedling, and the length of time rice seedlings grow should control at 18-22 days;
(4), rice seedling bed water and fertilizer management:
Dry nursery bed soil is in small, broken bits fertile, keeps moistening, and short neat seedling, keeps dry before three leaves after neat seedling, seedling soil moisturizing after three leaves;
(2) the field management stage:
(1), transplant:
The green manure Chinese milk vetch of front stubble of turning over before transplanting plantation, transplanting time is early and middle ten days in June;
(2), apply fertilizer:
Based on fertilizer, well-rotted farmyard manure 1000 kilograms executed by every mu, base fertilizer, applies dish cake at twice in tillering stage and booting stage;
(3), Guan Shui:
With hydromining free of contamination river after ecological wetland filters;
(4), Pest organism control:
Rely on the existing sick worm monitoring system of urban district plant protection unit, forecast of disease and pest information is provided in time, use multiple means to carry out integrated control, obtain comprehensive benefit; Prevention and control of weeds takes artificial weeding, ridge covers black film and duckweed three kinds of modes are placed in field;
(5), results storing:
When paddy maturity reaches 85%-90%, rob fine results;
In the described field management stage, the prevention and controls of Pest organism control selects cultural control, and physical control and biological control combine, and with the use of biopesticide;
Described biopesticide is matrine, jinggangmeisu and nimbin;
Described physical control utilizes frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp to trap and kill adult, 60 mu of erections lamp;
Described biological control is the natural enemy of putting Field Pests in rice field in a suitable place to breed: Mercuric chloride, Chrysopa or spider, and puts oophagous trichogrammae to control the snout moth's larva in rice field.
2. frog rice zoology breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: rice variety is selected an order Hu and always come blue or green.
CN201110390472.9A 2011-11-30 2011-11-30 Frog rice zoology breeding method Active CN103125328B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858720B (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-11-25 长沙环境保护职业技术学院 A kind of production method of double cropping rice joint nitrogen high yield
CN105981618A (en) * 2015-01-31 2016-10-05 周宝龙 Safe and circulating disease and pest prevention and control method for organic rice
CN106718390A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 安徽华安种业有限责任公司 Support the method that frog prevents and treats rice grub in a kind of utilization rice field
CN107593338B (en) * 2017-09-25 2021-01-05 浙江长兴创意生态农业发展有限公司 Mixed planting and breeding field for rice and frog
CN107750869B (en) * 2017-11-30 2020-07-07 秦秋玲 Ecological farm
CN108812519A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-11-16 广东汇海农牧科技集团有限公司 A kind of frog-rice symbiotic cultivation method
CN109089797A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-28 湖北大学 A kind of polyploid rice taro frog loach of efficient green supports ecosystem altogether
CN109287411A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-02-01 江苏松枫农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of organic high-yield rice
CN109845602A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-06-07 黄冈市农业科学院 A kind of paddy rice planting method for making the ecosystem altogether for the rice frog
CN110583570A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-12-20 华中农业大学 Construction method of frog-rice co-culture pond

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CN102007860A (en) * 2009-09-09 2011-04-13 望城隆平乌山贡米种植专业合作社 Production technology of organic rice
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Effective date of registration: 20191112

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Patentee before: Shanghai Zizaiyuan Agriculture Development Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20191112

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