CN103005183B - Perfect compound feed for groupers - Google Patents

Perfect compound feed for groupers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103005183B
CN103005183B CN201210502650.7A CN201210502650A CN103005183B CN 103005183 B CN103005183 B CN 103005183B CN 201210502650 A CN201210502650 A CN 201210502650A CN 103005183 B CN103005183 B CN 103005183B
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China
Prior art keywords
feed
compound
groupers
meal
fish
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CN201210502650.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103005183A (en
Inventor
张勇
周立斌
李水生
卢丹琪
姚谧
蒙子宁
刘晓春
林浩然
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中山大学
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Publication of CN103005183A publication Critical patent/CN103005183A/en
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Publication of CN103005183B publication Critical patent/CN103005183B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a perfect compound feed for groupers, which is a compound feed suitable for the culture of grouper large-size fish seeds. The perfect compound feed is prepared by adopting imported fish meal, fermented soybean meal, alpha-starch, flour, squid meal, krill meal, yeast extracts, fairy shrimps, fish oil, soybean phospholipids, DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid), EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid), composite mineral salt, compound vitamins, compound enzyme preparations, compound immunopotentiators, hepatinica and compound microecologic preparations as raw materials. The perfect compound feed disclosed by the invention can promote the digestion and absorption of the groupers, regulate the stability of the intestinal flora of the groupers, enhance the immunity of the groupers and play a lipotropic role by sufficiently considering the digestion and physiology characteristics of the culture period of the groupers and adding various additives to the feed, has the advantages of balanced and complete nutrition without drugs, namely added antibiotics and the like, and no pollution on water bodies and belongs to a high-efficiency environment-friendly nuisanceless feed.

Description

A kind of grouper perfect compound feed

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fish meal, especially relate to a kind of fish perfect compound feed that grouper large size fingerling is formed that is suitable for.

Background technology

Grouper is as the high-grade variety of sea-farming, the multiplex chilled trash fish of forming stage raiser cultivates at present, although can see the artifical compound feed with grouper name on market, in fact its factory formula does not have any difference with the formula that is known as fish material.This feed is difficult to meet the nutritional need of certain fish of being supported, waste many, absorption rate is low, pollution is heavy, culture efficiency is poor has become the feature of this type of mixed feed, and easily cause that cultivation of fish grow speed is slow, physique is weak, disease-resistant anti-adversity ability is poor, the development of serious restriction Grouper cultivating industry, though domestic, have the research of grouper nutrition aspect, formula nutritional and processing technology are all undesirable.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of grouper perfect compound feed, can promote that grouper digests and assimilates, regulate grouper gut flora stable, improve grouper immunity and lipotropic effect.

For achieving the above object, the present invention realizes by following technical measures: a kind of grouper perfect compound feed, and the weight portion proportioning that wherein comprises each component is as follows: fish meal 34-44; Fermented bean dregs 7-16, alphalise starch 2-6, flour 13-17, squid powder 2-6, krill meal 4-6, yeast extract 2-5, fairy shrimp 2-4, fish oil 3-4, soybean lecithin 2-3, DHA0.4-0.6, EPA0.2-0.4, composite mineral salt 1-2, complex enzyme formulation 0.2-0.4, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.2-0.4; Composite immune reinforcing agent 0.2-0.4; Hepatinica 0.2-0.4.

The present invention compared with prior art, has following technique effect:

(1) formula of the present invention is to develop according to the environmental quality of grouper digestive physiological characteristics and growth, and this feed adds high-quality protein and unrighted acid (being DHA and EPA), and complex enzyme formulation, can improve digesting and assimilating of grouper; Adding immunopotentiator and probiotics can increase the immunity of grouper and regulate grouper gut flora stable.

(2) combination of various protein sources in feed; can regulate the amino acid balance of feed; add the interior digestive ferment digestion autologous to it of body that fairy shrimp can utilize fairy shrimp; adding complex enzyme formulation is also to promote digesting and assimilating of feed; add hepatinica; can reduce fatty liver serious problems in Grouper cultivating process, protection grouper liver.

(3) yeast extract adding in feed contains abundant amino acid, also contains multiple polysaccharide on yeast cell wall, and polysaccharide can improve the immunity of grouper.

(4) demand to highly unsaturated fatty acid for grouper fingerling, special DHA and the EPA of adding in feed, can effectively improve the survival rate of grouper fingerling, meet the needs of grouper fingerling to high unsaturated fatty acid, improve the growth of grouper fingerling and survival.

(5) feed nutrition of the present invention is balanced, without adding antibiotic etc, pollution-free to water body, belongs to the non-harmful feed of high-efficiency environment friendly.

The specific embodiment

Raw material described in following examples is commercially available prod.Wherein, the product that shrimp shell meal can select Binzhou, Shandong gold seashore aquatic products Co., Ltd to provide, fairy shrimp adopts dry product, the product that can select Tianjin good year aquatic products Co., Ltd to provide, the product that complex enzyme formulation and compound micro-ecological preparation can select Qingdao master Bioisystech Co., Ltd to provide.Composite immune reinforcing agent selects the component by following weight percentage to form: beta glucan 20%, α-peptide glycan 10%, taurine 20%, carrier 50%.Hepatinica selects the component by following weight percentage to form: bile acid 20%, carnitine 5%, three blooms 30%, carrier (can select system chaff) 45%.

Embodiment mono-

The formula of the present embodiment fish perfect compound feed component is for (unit is: Kg): fish meal 43; Fermentation beans Hectometer 12, flour 14, alphalise starch 4, squid powder 4, krill meal 4, yeast extract 5, fairy shrimp 4, fish oil 3, soybean lecithin 3, DHA0.6, EPA0.4, composite mineral salt 1.8, complex enzyme formulation 0.3, composite immune reinforcing agent 0.3, hepatinica 0.3, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.3.

Its preparation process comprises:

A) first by proportioning, get fish meal, fermentation beans Hectometer, squid powder, krill meal, fairy shrimp mixing, and carry out just pulverizing and ultramicro grinding, make material fineness reach 300 orders, and then add alphalise starch, yeast extract, soybean lecithin, DHA, EPA and flour by proportioning, through fully mixing, obtain material A;

B) in material A, by proportioning, add fish oil, grandidierite mineral salt, complex enzyme formulation, composite immune reinforcing agent, hepatinica, compound micro-ecological preparation again, carrying out modified, emulsification; Adjust again its moisture, make mixture moisture content reach 60-70%, obtain material B;

C) material B is fermented at normal temperatures 6-8 hour, obtains material C;

D) material C is dried, film-making; Through pulverizing, sieve, packing, form again.

Above-mentionedly make the product test of throwing something and feeding, specifically test in Dayawan Aquatic Products Experimental Center, Guangdong Prov. and carry out, grouper fingerling is first put into storage pond, holding pond and is raised and train 2 weeks with basal feed, allows its adequacy test condition.Test is divided into 2 groups, and first group of employing this patent implemented formula feed, and second group adopts market common feedstuffs, every group of 3 repetitions, and the 120 tail grouper fingerlings that are (10.5 ± 1.0) g by average weight divide at random at 6 1.5 * 1.0 * 1.0m 3net cage in, every case 20 tails, every group of test fish initial weight difference is significantly (P>0.05) not.Raising water source is the seawater after quartz sand, activated carbon water purifying device are processed; 26.5-32.5 ℃ of left and right of water temperature, outdoor cultivation, natural lighting.Water body dissolved oxygen (DO)>=6mg/L, salinity 28-29, NH 4 +-N≤0.8mg/L.Water body is in miniflow water state.Before feeding experiment, surrounding is thrown something and fed according to 3.0% of fish body gross weight every day, and rear surrounding is thrown something and fed by 2.0%, with reference to situation adjustment the previous day feeding volume, throws something and feeds every day twice (9:30,16:30) simultaneously, divides at every turn and throws something and feeds for 3 times, and be 10min every time interval time.Altogether throw something and feed 8 weeks, rear the digest and assimilate mensuration, nutritional labeling to two groups of feeds of having thrown something and fed is surveyed

Determine and the statistical effect analysis of throwing something and feeding, the key technical indexes and nutrition-allocated proportion are as follows:

From upper table, show, product the key technical indexes of the present invention and nutrition-allocated proportion are all better than the common product in market.

Embodiment bis-:

The formula of the present embodiment fish perfect compound feed component is for (unit is: Kg): fish meal 40; Fermentation beans Hectometer 12, flour 16, alphalise starch 6, squid powder 4, krill meal 4, yeast extract 5, fairy shrimp 4, fish oil 2, soybean lecithin 3, DHA0.6, EPA0.4, composite mineral salt 1.8, complex enzyme formulation 0.3, composite immune reinforcing agent 0.3, hepatinica 0.3, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.3.

Make product through the process of the test identical with embodiment 1, the key technical indexes detecting and embodiment 1 approach, and at this, do not repeat one by one.

Embodiment tri-:

The formula of the present embodiment fish perfect compound feed component is for (unit is: Kg): fish meal 37; Fermentation beans Hectometer 14, flour 17, alphalise starch 4, squid powder 4, krill meal 4, yeast extract 4, fairy shrimp 4, fish oil 2, soybean lecithin 3, DHA0.6, EPA0.4, composite mineral salt 1.8, complex enzyme formulation 0.3, composite immune reinforcing agent 0.3, hepatinica 0.3, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.3.Make product through the process of the test identical with embodiment 1, the key technical indexes detecting and embodiment 1 approach, and at this, do not repeat one by one.

Embodiment tetra-:

The formula of the present embodiment fish perfect compound feed component is for (unit is: Kg): fish meal 44; Fermentation beans Hectometer 16, flour 15, alphalise starch 4, squid powder 3, krill meal 5, yeast extract 3, fairy shrimp 2, fish oil 3, soybean lecithin 2, DHA0.4, EPA0.2, composite mineral salt 1, complex enzyme formulation 0.4, composite immune reinforcing agent 0.3, hepatinica 0.3, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.4.Make product through the process of the test identical with embodiment 1, the key technical indexes detecting and embodiment 1 approach, and at this, do not repeat one by one.

Embodiment five:

The formula of the present embodiment fish perfect compound feed component is for (unit is: Kg): fish meal 40;

-5-fermentation beans Hectometer 16, flour 16, alphalise starch 4, squid powder 4, krill meal 6, yeast extract 4, fairy shrimp 2, fish oil 3, soybean lecithin 2, DHA0.4, EPA0.2, composite mineral salt 1, complex enzyme formulation 0.4, composite immune reinforcing agent 0.3, hepatinica 0.3, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.4.Make product through the process of the test identical with embodiment 1, the key technical indexes detecting and embodiment 1 approach, and at this, do not repeat one by one.

Above embodiment has carried out detailed elaboration to the different implementation process of the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited in this.Those skilled in the art, according to disclosed content in the present invention, adopt equivalent replacement or modification, all can realize object of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a grouper perfect compound feed, is characterized in that: the component that comprises following weight portion proportioning: fish meal 34-44; Fermented bean dregs 7-16, alphalise starch 2-6, flour 13-17, squid powder 2-6, krill meal 4-6, yeast extract 2-5, fairy shrimp 2-4, fish oil 3-4, soybean lecithin 2-3, DHA0.4-0.6, EPA0.2-0.4, composite mineral salt 1-2, complex enzyme formulation 0.2-0.4, compound micro-ecological preparation 0.2-0.4; Composite immune reinforcing agent 0.2-0.4; Hepatinica 0.2-0.4;
Described composite immune reinforcing agent is comprised of the component of following weight percentage: beta glucan 20%, α-peptide glycan 10%, taurine 20%, carrier 50%;
Described hepatinica is comprised of the component of following weight percentage: bile acid 20%, carnitine 5%, three blooms 30%, carrier 45%.
CN201210502650.7A 2012-11-30 2012-11-30 Perfect compound feed for groupers CN103005183B (en)

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CN103005183B true CN103005183B (en) 2014-04-16

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CN103392932B (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-07-23 广东海大畜牧兽医研究院有限公司 Compound feed for jade perch and spot fish cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN104095153B (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-01-27 浙江省海洋开发研究院 A kind of red grouper special immune reinforcing agent
CN104171648A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-12-03 佛山市信豚生物科技有限公司 Feed additive capable of promoting liver health of fish
CN104509753A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-04-15 上海农好饲料有限公司 Microparticle feed for grouper fries and preparation method for microparticle feed
CN104814282A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-08-05 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Epinephelussp fry and advanced fry compound feed and a preparation method thereof
CN104872420A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-02 福建省淡水水产研究所 Premixed feed for epinephelussp
CN105211536A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 A kind of grouper compound feed of high-efficiency environment friendly
CN105995183A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-10-12 集美大学 Epinephelus coioicles ecological feed formula and preparation method
CN106071359B (en) * 2016-06-14 2019-09-10 浙江海洋大学 A kind of low environmentally friendly expanded pellet diet of fish meal of grouper
CN106135081A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-23 温州雏鹰科技有限公司 A kind of intensive culture method of cabrilla
CN106490395A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-03-15 吴迪 A kind of preparation method of green hata special feed for living through winter
CN107616355A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-23 浦江县协盈动物饲料技术开发有限公司 The preparation method of grouper nutrition fortifier

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CN1212075C (en) * 2003-04-10 2005-07-27 中山大学 Micro particle feed for rockfish fry and its production procss
CN100493371C (en) * 2006-06-26 2009-06-03 广东恒兴集团有限公司 An environment friendly expanded mixed feedstuff for rockfishes and method for preparing same
CN101301037B (en) * 2008-06-21 2011-10-26 广东越群海洋生物研究开发有限公司 Hatch feed of fry and shrimp larvae and preparation thereof
CN101744122B (en) * 2009-12-28 2012-03-21 浙江科盛饲料股份有限公司 Feed additive, feed and preparation method thereof for preventing nutritional fatty liver of fish
CN101773216A (en) * 2010-03-04 2010-07-14 大丰绿博士水产养殖有限公司 Grouper feed
CN102178078A (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-09-14 深圳市澳华农牧有限公司 Health-care compound feed for prawns and production method thereof

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Effective date of registration: 20201202

Address after: 515500, Guangdong, Jiedong province Jieyang Economic Development Experimental Zone before the village of Victoria

Patentee after: Guangdong Yuequn Biotechnology Co., Ltd

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Patentee before: SUN YAT-SEN University

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