CN102826934B - Special sweet potato fertilizer and preparation method of special sweet potato fertilizer - Google Patents

Special sweet potato fertilizer and preparation method of special sweet potato fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102826934B
CN102826934B CN201210270979.5A CN201210270979A CN102826934B CN 102826934 B CN102826934 B CN 102826934B CN 201210270979 A CN201210270979 A CN 201210270979A CN 102826934 B CN102826934 B CN 102826934B
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China
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fertilizer
parts
sulfate
sweet potato
coating
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CN201210270979.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102826934A (en
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杨柳
唐旺全
杨红兵
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马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司
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    • Y02A40/229
    • Y02P60/218

Abstract

The invention provides a special sweet potato fertilizer. The special sweet potato fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 10-20 parts of vinasse, 15-17 parts of enveloped ammonium bicarbonate, 10-12 parts of monoammonium phosphate, 10-12 parts of enveloped ammonium sulfate, 16-18 parts of enveloped potassium sulphate, 20-30 parts of plant ashes, 1-2 parts of manganese sulfate, 1-2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1-2 parts of magnesium sulfate, 0.1-0.5 part of zinc sulfate, 0.1-0.3 part of borax, 10-12 parts of cinerite, 5-7 parts of wood charcoals, 3-4 parts of radix euphorbiae lantu powders, 3-4 parts of radix stemonae powders, 10-15 parts of bagasse, 10-15 parts of volcanics, 18-22 parts of cow dung, 3-4 parts of carboxymethylcellulose, 15-20 parts of 30% of sulfuric acid, 5-10 parts of limes, 10-15 parts of pig hairs and 4-6 parts of cottonseed oil. The special sweet potato fertilizer is prepared by a method comprising the following steps: conducting acidolysis on hairs to generate amino acid, then generating a micro element fertilizer liquid and an intermediate element fertilizer liquid chelated with amino acid, then sintering the volcanics to prepare a fertilizer carrier, fermenting an organic fertilizer, mixing a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer, the carrier, the organic fertilizer and a vegetable insecticide, then spraying the micro element fertilizer liquid and the intermediate element fertilizer chelated with amino acid, then granulating, and finally adopting the cottonseed oil for enveloping. According to the special sweet potato fertilizer provided by the invention, the fertilizer utilization ratio is improved obviously, the slow release effect is achieved, the fertilizer application amount is lowered, the pesticide residual is lowered, and the output and the quality of sweet potatoes are improved.

Description

A kind of sweet potato special fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to agricultural fertilizer field, be specifically related to sweet potato special fertilizer and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

China is a large agricultural country, and chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals are being brought into play very important effect in agriculture production, and along with the raising of people's living standard and health perception, people pay much attention to the security of agricultural-food, and demand nuisanceless, green food is increased year by year.

Current sweet potato is planted fertilizer used and mostly is mineral manure, because of long-term excessive use mineral manure, nutrient imbalance, soil compaction, soil fertility decline, organic wretched insufficiency, the nutritional quality of sweet potato declines, mouthfeel is poor, yield poorly, anti-adversity ability is poor, and hazard residue seriously waits series of problems.

Therefore, developing a kind of brand-new sweet potato dedicated fertilizer is the task of top priority, and fertilizer of the present invention can supply nutrients for sweet potato, desinsection, sterilization, promotion grow in one, and there is no resistance, various pests is all had to repelling and killing efficacy, and to people and animals and surrounding environment without any pollution.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of sweet potato special fertilizer and preparation method thereof.Fertilizer of the present invention combines fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, middle trace element and plant insecticide composition, formula rationally, nutrition more comprehensively, equilibrium, result of use is good, supplement nitrogen phosphorus potassium, organic matter, in, trace element, strengthen disease resistance of plant, improvement soil, thereby improved the yield and quality of sweet potato.

The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:

A kind of sweet potato special fertilizer, is characterized in that, is made up of the raw material of following weight part:

Vinasse 10-20, coating bicarbonate of ammonia 15-17, monoammonium phosphate 10-12, coating ammonium sulfate 10-12, coating potassium sulfate 16-18, plant ash 20-30, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, the each 1-2 of magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate 0.1-0.5, borax 0.1-0.3, volcanic ash 10-12, charcoal 5-7, root of langdu powder 3-4, tuber of stemona powder 3-4, bagasse 10-15, volcanics 10-15, cow dung 18-22, carboxymethyl cellulose 3-4,30% sulfuric acid 15-20, lime 5-10, pig hair 10-15, Oleum Gossypii semen 4-6.

The preparation method of sweet potato special fertilizer of the present invention, comprises the following steps:

(1) first pig hair is added in 30% sulfuric acid, at 100-110 ℃, be hydrolyzed 1-2 hour, generate amino acid, then add lime and be neutralized to pH value 6.0-6.8, add again carboxymethyl cellulose, finally add manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, borax to dissolve, at 90-105 ℃ of reaction 5-6 hour, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids;

(2) by volcanics after 400-500 ℃ of sintering 6-8 hour, add the Oleum Gossypii semen of 1-2% to grind to form nanometer powder, then mix with plant ash, become fertilizer carrier;

(3) adopt During High-Temperature Composting fermentation fertilizer, get vinasse, bagasse, cow dung and add appropriate subtilis, mix rear heap fermentation, turning in 5-10 days once, leavening temperature 60-65 ℃, fermentation time is 30-40 days, obtains when being covered with a large amount of white hyphas in heap the fertilizer completely that ferments, stand-by;

(4) mix by coating bicarbonate of ammonia, monoammonium phosphate, coating potassium sulfate co-grinding, then with volcanic ash, charcoal, the fertilizer then fermenting with step (3) mixes, and pulverizes, crosses 100-200 mesh sieve;

(5) after biotic pesticide root of langdu powder and tuber of stemona powder are mixed, more fully mix with the material of step (2), (4);

(6) micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids step (1) being made sprays in the mixture of step (5), fully mixes rear input granulator granulation thoroughly, finally sprays Oleum Gossypii semen and carries out coating, obtains sweet potato special fertilizer.

Fertilizer of the present invention is exclusively used in sweet potato, every mu of fertilising 70-80kg.

Beneficial effect of the present invention:

(1) the present invention adopts acid hydrolysis pig hair etc. to generate amino acid, and then centering, trace element carry out chelating, and carboxymethyl cellulose has increased its chelate structure, in being conducive to, trace element effectively utilizes, in having reduced, the invalid release of trace element;

(2) volcanics composition, after scaling loss, grinds with Oleum Gossypii semen, has increased adsorption structure, and anti-caking, increases its dispersiveness simultaneously;

(3) in formula, increase inorganic slowly-releasing composition if volcanic ash and soil improvement composition are as bagasse, charcoal, be conducive to effectively slowly the discharging of fertilizer efficiency, sweet potato fully absorbs;

(4) can effectively reduce soil disease and pest adding of plant insecticide composition, and not produce the residual phenomenon of agriculture, not develop immunity to drugs.

In a word, fertilizer formula of the present invention is scientific and reasonable is rich in the sweet potato trace elements such as boron, manganese, zinc that must Shall that grow, and can obviously improve fertilizer efficiency utilization ratio.Can single-dose application, slowly effectively discharge, Fei Xiao Long, Hou Jin foot, utilization ratio is high, can reduce Effects of Fertilization Frequency, reduces rate of fertilizer application, reduces production costs, and reduces agriculture residual.Improve the yield and quality of sweet potato.

Through evidence for many years, use fertilizer of the present invention and execute tradition fertilizer relatively, can increase production more than 30%; Quality improves, and the important trace element of needed by human body improves 10%, and harmful element reduces by 5%; Sugar degree improves a lot, and effectively promotes the synthetic of Methionin.

Embodiment

Embodiment 1

Take vinasse 10 kg, coating bicarbonate of ammonia 15kg, monoammonium phosphate 10kg, coating ammonium sulfate 10, coating potassium sulfate 16kg, plant ash 20kg, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, the each 1kg of magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate 0.1kg, borax 0.1kg, volcanic ash 12kg, charcoal 5kg, root of langdu powder 3kg, tuber of stemona powder 4kg, bagasse 10kg, volcanics 15kg, cow dung 22kg, carboxymethyl cellulose 3kg, 30% sulfuric acid 15kg, lime 10kg, pig hair 15kg, Oleum Gossypii semen 5kg

Preparation method:

(1) first pig hair is added in 30% sulfuric acid, at 100-110 ℃, be hydrolyzed 1-2 hour, generate amino acid, then add lime and be neutralized to pH value 6.0-6.8, add again carboxymethyl cellulose, finally add manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, borax to dissolve, at 90-105 ℃ of reaction 5-6 hour, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids;

(2) by volcanics after 400-500 ℃ of sintering 6-8 hour, add the Oleum Gossypii semen of 1-2% to grind to form nanometer powder, then mix with plant ash, become fertilizer carrier;

(3) adopt During High-Temperature Composting fermentation fertilizer, get vinasse, bagasse, cow dung and add appropriate subtilis, mix rear heap fermentation, turning in 5-10 days once, leavening temperature 60-65 ℃, fermentation time is 30-40 days, obtains when being covered with a large amount of white hyphas in heap the fertilizer completely that ferments, stand-by;

(4) by coating bicarbonate of ammonia, monoammonium phosphate, coating potassium sulfate co-grinding, then with volcanic ash, charcoal, then the fertilizer fermenting with step (3) mixes, and pulverizes, crosses 100-200 mesh sieve;

(5) after biotic pesticide root of langdu powder and tuber of stemona powder are mixed, more fully mix with the material of step (2), (4);

(6) micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids step (1) being made sprays in the mixture of step (5), fully mixes rear input granulator granulation thoroughly, finally sprays Oleum Gossypii semen and carries out coating, obtains sweet potato special fertilizer.

Embodiment 2

Take vinasse 15 kg, coating bicarbonate of ammonia 16kg, monoammonium phosphate 11kg, coating ammonium sulfate 12, coating potassium sulfate 18kg, plant ash 22kg, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, the each 2kg of magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate 0.3kg, borax 0.2kg, volcanic ash 12kg, charcoal 6kg, root of langdu powder 4kg, tuber of stemona powder 3kg, bagasse 12kg, volcanics 12kg, cow dung 20kg, carboxymethyl cellulose 4kg, 30% sulfuric acid 18kg, lime 8kg, pig hair 12kg, Oleum Gossypii semen 4kg

Preparation method is with embodiment 1.

Embodiment 3

Take vinasse 10 kg, coating bicarbonate of ammonia 15kg, monoammonium phosphate 10kg, coating ammonium sulfate 10, coating potassium sulfate 17kg, plant ash 20kg, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, the each 2kg of magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate 0.1kg, borax 0.1kg, volcanic ash 12kg, charcoal 5kg, root of langdu powder 3kg, tuber of stemona powder 4kg, bagasse 10kg, volcanics 15kg, cow dung 22kg, carboxymethyl cellulose 3kg, 30% sulfuric acid 15kg, lime 10kg, pig hair 15kg, Oleum Gossypii semen 5kg

Preparation method is with embodiment 1.

Experimental data

Choose the sweet potato farmland of two same sizes, wherein a farmland is used sweet potato special fertilizer of the present invention, and another piece farmland is used common NPK fertilizers, contrasts discovery through after a while:

Use sweet potato in the farmland of sweet potato special fertilizer of the present invention germinate fast, plant is healthy, sweet potato seedling is glossy, fast growth, large after maturation, outward appearance is ruddy glossy, and mouthfeel is good, output is high, compared with not using the farmland of product of the present invention, 820 kilograms of every mu of volume increase, and use the disease and pest in the farmland of product of the present invention also to greatly reduce.

From above-mentioned, sweet potato special fertilizer of the present invention preventing disease and pest effectively can be described, and this fertilizer is balanced in nutrition, can promote that sweet potato better grows, and improves edatope, improves sweet potato output.

Claims (2)

1. a sweet potato special fertilizer, is characterized in that, is made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Vinasse 10-20, coating bicarbonate of ammonia 15-17, monoammonium phosphate 10-12, coating ammonium sulfate 10-12, coating potassium sulfate 16-18, plant ash 20-30, manganous sulfate 1-2, ferrous sulfate 1-2, magnesium sulfate 1-2, zinc sulfate 0.1-0.5, borax 0.1-0.3, volcanic ash 10-12, charcoal 5-7, root of langdu powder 3-4, tuber of stemona powder 3-4, bagasse 10-15, volcanics 10-15, cow dung 18-22, carboxymethyl cellulose 3-4,30% sulfuric acid 15-20, lime 5-10, pig hair 10-15, Oleum Gossypii semen 4-6, appropriate subtilis.
2. the preparation method of sweet potato special fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) first pig hair is added in 30% sulfuric acid, at 100-110 ℃, be hydrolyzed 1-2 hour, generate amino acid, then add lime and be neutralized to pH value 6.0-6.8, add again carboxymethyl cellulose, finally add manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, borax to dissolve, at 90-105 ℃ of reaction 5-6 hour, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids;
(2) by volcanics after 400-500 ℃ of sintering 6-8 hour, add the Oleum Gossypii semen of 1-2% to grind to form nanometer powder, then mix with plant ash, become fertilizer carrier;
(3) adopt During High-Temperature Composting fermentation fertilizer, get vinasse, bagasse, cow dung and add appropriate subtilis, mix rear heap fermentation, turning in 5-10 days once, leavening temperature 60-65 ℃, fermentation time is 30-40 days, obtains when being covered with a large amount of white hyphas in heap the fertilizer completely that ferments, stand-by;
(4) mix by coating bicarbonate of ammonia, monoammonium phosphate, coating potassium sulfate co-grinding, then with volcanic ash, charcoal, the fertilizer then fermenting with step (3) mixes, and pulverizes, crosses 100-200 mesh sieve;
(5) after biotic pesticide root of langdu powder and tuber of stemona powder are mixed, more fully mix with the material of step (2), (4);
(6) micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids step (1) being made sprays in the mixture of step (5), fully mixes rear input granulator granulation thoroughly, finally sprays Oleum Gossypii semen and carries out coating, obtains sweet potato special fertilizer.
CN201210270979.5A 2012-07-31 2012-07-31 Special sweet potato fertilizer and preparation method of special sweet potato fertilizer CN102826934B (en)

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CN103172439B (en) * 2013-03-02 2016-01-20 安徽程翔肥料有限公司 A kind of sweet potato special organic and inorganic composite biological medicinal fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103351259B (en) * 2013-06-07 2015-08-19 倪群 A kind of sweet potato special fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103524227B (en) * 2013-10-16 2016-02-24 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 A kind of special rice organic-inorganic composite biological medicinal fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103755454A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-30 当涂县科辉商贸有限公司 Efficient organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104285632A (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-01-21 韦俊 Cultivation method for improving polysaccharide content of Chinese yam
CN104355905A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-02-18 侨健新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 Efficient environment-friendly controlled-release compound fertilizer
CN104973966A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-14 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Seedling-stage nutritional addition material stable in fertilizer efficiency and long in action period, and preparation method thereof
CN105037033A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutritional additive for improving water and soil in seedling stage and preparation method thereof
CN104973967A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-14 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutritional additive used for increasing soil fertility and used in crop seedling period, and preparation method thereof
CN104961575A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-07 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutrition additive capable of improving mineral nutrition state at seedling raising stage and preparation method thereof
CN105037030A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutrition additive for improving soil physical and chemical properties during seedling stage and preparation method of nutrition additive
CN108083878A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-05-29 杨正浩 A kind of sweet potato base manure material formula

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CN1239439C (en) * 2001-10-27 2006-02-01 李森 Composite volcanic ash fertilizer
CN101157582A (en) * 2007-08-02 2008-04-09 商万有 Special ground fertilizer-natural ore fertilizer for alkaline land
CN101580419A (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-18 周广辉 Preparation method of sweet potato production promoting fertilizer
CN101391928B (en) * 2008-11-12 2011-07-20 秦皇岛领先科技发展有限公司 Fertilizer composition and use thereof
CN101830751B (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-02-23 南京农业大学 Granulation technology of delicate organic fertilizer or organic and inorganic compound fertilizer and product thereof

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