CN102657028A - Soil covering culture method for flower mushrooms - Google Patents

Soil covering culture method for flower mushrooms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102657028A
CN102657028A CN2012101582477A CN201210158247A CN102657028A CN 102657028 A CN102657028 A CN 102657028A CN 2012101582477 A CN2012101582477 A CN 2012101582477A CN 201210158247 A CN201210158247 A CN 201210158247A CN 102657028 A CN102657028 A CN 102657028A
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mushroom
flower
soil covering
bed
ridge
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CN2012101582477A
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何寒
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Abstract

The invention relates to the new technical field of edible fungus culture, in particular to a soil covering culture method for flower mushrooms. According to the soil covering culture method, the traditional mode of directly bagging and sterilizing raw materials is changed into a mode of fermenting, bagging and sterilizing the raw materials in the flower mushroom production process, so that half time can be shortened during sterilization, and the yield of fungus bags is improved; during production and culture, bag removing and soil covering, and openness for mushroom growth are adopted, and in the management process, dry wet difference is large, and water dry-wet alternation management is carried out to stimulate the formation of the flower mushrooms, so the rate of the flower mushrooms is about 70 percent, the total biological efficiency is over 140 percent and the yield is improved by about 45 percent compared with that of the conventional culture method; and after soil covering, hyphae change color naturally, and are hardly infected with sundry fungi, and complicated management procedures of removing bags to change color, promoting mushrooms, cutting the bags to culture buttons, culturing the flower mushrooms by creating a dry environment and increasing illumination intensity and the like in the conventional method are eliminated.

Description

The soil covering culture method of a kind of fragrance of a flower mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of edible fungus culturing new technical field, be specifically related to the soil covering culture method of a kind of fragrance of a flower mushroom.
Technical background
Fragrance of a flower mushroom is that its Bag Material bacterial classification is cultivated formation in the mushroom production process under special environment, and it is more nutritious and commodity value is higher than mushroom, so fragrance of a flower mushroom is the treasure in the mushroom.Fragrance of a flower mushroom also has a mushroom circle, meat is thick, matter is thin, look white, snuff is natural, good looking appearance, tender and crisp smooth, the characteristics such as delicious flavour is unique, no cavernous body of mouthfeel.Fragrance of a flower mushroom contains the amino acid of 17 kinds of needed by human, and long-term edible ability enhancing human immune has and falls the effect that presses down cancer, belongs to a kind of treasure in the edible fungi series finished product.
Fragrance of a flower mushroom can be sold with the aquatic foods article, also can dry storage, packing and selling, to sold inside the country all very favourable with export trade.The whole growth phase of fragrance of a flower mushroom has 6~8 months, and is farm slack season.Produce fragrance of a flower mushroom small investment, instant effect, cycle weak point, market stability, have a extensive future, so suitable peasant utilizes and produces the fragrance of a flower mushroom period in slack season.
Traditional fragrance of a flower mushroom production method mode is: select materials → spice → directly pack sterilization → inoculation → cultivations mycelia → mycelia annesl → bacterium is wrapped frame → urge mushroom → cut bag and cultivates a button → cultivate fragrance of a flower mushroom through the environment and the increase intensity of illumination of building drying.From above-mentioned technological process, traditional fragrance of a flower mushroom method production process operation is many and loaded down with trivial details.Confirm that through in a large amount of production practices the flower mushroom rate of traditional handicraft institute output is low, biological transformation ratio is less than 100%.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly to overcome the deficiency of prior art and soil covering culture method that brand-new a kind of fragrance of a flower mushroom is provided.Specifically comprise: raw material traditional in the fragrance of a flower mushroom production process are directly packed sterilization change material into and refill the bag sterilization after by fermentation, not only when sterilization, can reduce the half the time, but also improve the yield rate of bacterium bag than tradition; Take to take off a bag earthing, open fruiting when producing cultivation, it is dried wet poor in management process, to widen, and carries out the alternation of wetting and drying water management; Stimulate flower mushroom to form; Not only flower mushroom rate reaches about 70%, and total biological transformation ratio also reaches more than 140%, and PR conventional cultivation method has improved about 45%; Adopt behind the earthing mycelia can natural annesl; Be difficult for bacteria infection again; Province has omitted conventional method and has taken off a bag annesl, urges mushroom, cuts bag cultivation button, and then cultivates the complicated and loaded down with trivial details hypervisor of fragrance of a flower mushroom or the like through building dry environment with the increase intensity of illumination.
The present invention realizes through following technical scheme:
The soil covering culture method of a kind of fragrance of a flower mushroom, the method step in the technical scheme is following:
1, raw material is formed and proportioning: weedtree sawdust 59%, corncob 26%, wheat bran 14%, land plaster 1%, water is an amount of.
2, batch mixing fermentation: will above-mentioned weedtree sawdust, corncob, wheat bran, land plaster mix and be stirred into compound, follow compound to mix thoroughly with an amount of water again and the water content of compound is adjusted to 55~60%; Then bank out mixed material and carry out anaerobic fermentation to compound overstrike or pitchy, free from extraneous odour, the softness of holding is flexible and must produce and use the medium material.
3, pack sterilization: producing with the medium material specification of packing into is in the plastic sack of 22 * 45cm, and Bag Material moved in the disinfecting container sterilizes by routine, and the comparable tradition of sterilization time reduces half.
4, inoculation and hair tube are managed: after following mushroom original seed of gnotobasis or cultivated species are smashed into the iblet size to pieces, insert Bag Material two respectively, manage to mycelia by conventional method then and cover with Bag Material.
5, soil covering culture management: after mycelia reaches physiological maturity in the Bag Material, slough the bacterium bag and become exposed bacterium tube subsequent use; Build cool canopy in a cultivation ground; And it is the cultivation site preparation in the cool canopy is clean; Dig the ridge-up bed that dark 25~30cm, wide 60~80cm, length conform to cool canopy; After the anti-processing of sterilization insect protected, swing in the bacterium tube in the ridge-up bed successively in the ridge-up bed; Distance 2~3cm between the bacterium tube; Cover clean earth then in the ridge-up bed,, cover one deck straw or leaf behind the earthing again and whole ridge-up bed is drenched the about 3~4cm of soil thickness that the bacterium tube covers; Remove the top layer earthing after 7~10 days; Expose bacterium tube surface; Sparse simultaneously one deck straw or leaf of covering waters whole ridge-up bed one time heavy water, again by the water management of such employing alternation of wetting and drying; The moisture that soil layer is put aside around reaching in the bacterium tube just can be supplied with the required output that ensures mushroom of mushroom body for a long time; And space humidity makes cap dry tack free lack of water, impaired development among the middle and later periods that the mushroom body is grown remains at lower state; And produce be full of cracks, thereby grow a large amount of flower mushrooms; After having adopted a damp mushroom, with bacterium tube upset, earthing is 7~10 days again, and supplies overburden layer moisture, can remove topsoil after waiting 3~5 days, manages fruiting as stated above.
The existing following advantage of the present invention:
1, method technology proposed by the invention is simple, easy to be implemented.
2, through embodiment of the present invention, traditional raw material are directly packed sterilization change material into and refill the bag sterilization after by fermentation, not only can reduce half traditional sterilization time, but also improve the yield rate of bacterium bag.
3, pass through embodiment of the present invention; Take to take off a bag earthing, open fruiting when producing cultivation, it is dried wet poor in management process, to widen, and carries out the alternation of wetting and drying water management; Stimulate flower mushroom to form; Not only flower mushroom rate reaches about 70%, and total biological transformation ratio also reaches more than 140%, and PR conventional cultivation method has improved about 45%.
4, pass through embodiment of the present invention; Adopt behind the earthing mycelia can natural annesl; Be difficult for bacteria infection again, province has omitted conventional method and has taken off a bag annesl, urges mushroom, cuts a bag cultivation button, and then cultivates the complicated and loaded down with trivial details hypervisor of fragrance of a flower mushroom or the like through building dry environment with the increase intensity of illumination.
5,, help that the fragrance of a flower is mushroom industrialized, scale, intensification production through embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment method of the present invention is further specified.
The soil covering culture method of a kind of fragrance of a flower mushroom, embodiment is following:
1, raw material is formed and proportioning: weedtree sawdust 59%, corncob 26%, wheat bran 14%, land plaster 1%, water is an amount of.
2, batch mixing fermentation: will above-mentioned weedtree sawdust, corncob, wheat bran, land plaster mix and be stirred into compound, follow compound to mix thoroughly with an amount of water again and the water content of compound is adjusted to 55~60%; Then bank out mixed material and carry out anaerobic fermentation to compound overstrike or pitchy, free from extraneous odour, the softness of holding is flexible and must produce and use the medium material.
3, pack sterilization: producing with the medium material specification of packing into is in the plastic sack of 22 * 45cm, and Bag Material moved in the disinfecting container sterilizes by routine, and the comparable tradition of sterilization time reduces half.
4, inoculation and hair tube are managed: after following mushroom original seed of gnotobasis or cultivated species are smashed into the iblet size to pieces, insert Bag Material two respectively, manage to mycelia by conventional method then and cover with Bag Material.
5, soil covering culture management: after mycelia reaches physiological maturity in the Bag Material, slough the bacterium bag and become exposed bacterium tube subsequent use; Build cool canopy in a cultivation ground; And it is the cultivation site preparation in the cool canopy is clean; Dig the ridge-up bed that dark 25~30cm, wide 60~80cm, length conform to cool canopy; After the anti-processing of sterilization insect protected, swing in the bacterium tube in the ridge-up bed successively in the ridge-up bed; Distance 2~3cm between the bacterium tube; Cover clean earth then in the ridge-up bed,, cover one deck straw or leaf behind the earthing again and whole ridge-up bed is drenched the about 3~4cm of soil thickness that the bacterium tube covers; Remove the top layer earthing after 7~10 days; Expose bacterium tube surface; Sparse simultaneously one deck straw or leaf of covering waters whole ridge-up bed one time heavy water, again by the water management of such employing alternation of wetting and drying; The moisture that soil layer is put aside around reaching in the bacterium tube just can be supplied with the required output that ensures mushroom of mushroom body for a long time; And space humidity makes cap dry tack free lack of water, impaired development among the middle and later periods that the mushroom body is grown remains at lower state; And produce be full of cracks, thereby grow a large amount of flower mushrooms; After having adopted a damp mushroom, with bacterium tube upset, earthing is 7~10 days again, and supplies overburden layer moisture, can remove topsoil after waiting 3~5 days, manages fruiting as stated above.

Claims (1)

1. the soil covering culture method of a fragrance of a flower mushroom is characterized in that method step is following:
(1) raw material is formed and proportioning: weedtree sawdust 59%, corncob 26%, wheat bran 14%, land plaster 1%, and water is an amount of;
(2) batch mixing fermentation: will above-mentioned weedtree sawdust, corncob, wheat bran, land plaster mix and be stirred into compound, follow compound to mix thoroughly with an amount of water again and the water content of compound is adjusted to 55~60%; Then bank out mixed material and carry out anaerobic fermentation to compound overstrike or pitchy, free from extraneous odour, the softness of holding is flexible and must produce and use the medium material;
(3) pack sterilization: producing with the medium material specification of packing into is in the plastic sack of 22 * 45cm, and Bag Material moved in the disinfecting container sterilizes by routine, and the comparable tradition of sterilization time reduces half;
(4) inoculation and hair tube are managed: after following mushroom original seed of gnotobasis or cultivated species are smashed into the iblet size to pieces, insert Bag Material two respectively, manage to mycelia by conventional method then and cover with Bag Material;
(5) soil covering culture management: after mycelia reaches physiological maturity in the Bag Material, slough the bacterium bag and become exposed bacterium tube subsequent use; Build cool canopy in a cultivation ground; And it is the cultivation site preparation in the cool canopy is clean; Dig the ridge-up bed that dark 25~30cm, wide 60~80cm, length conform to cool canopy; After the anti-processing of sterilization insect protected, swing in the bacterium tube in the ridge-up bed successively in the ridge-up bed; Distance 2~3cm between the bacterium tube; Cover clean earth then in the ridge-up bed,, cover one deck straw or leaf behind the earthing again and whole ridge-up bed is drenched the about 3~4cm of soil thickness that the bacterium tube covers; Remove the top layer earthing after 7~10 days; Expose bacterium tube surface; Sparse simultaneously one deck straw or leaf of covering waters whole ridge-up bed one time heavy water, again by the water management of such employing alternation of wetting and drying; The moisture that soil layer is put aside around reaching in the bacterium tube just can be supplied with the required output that ensures mushroom of mushroom body for a long time; And space humidity makes cap dry tack free lack of water, impaired development among the middle and later periods that the mushroom body is grown remains at lower state; And produce be full of cracks, thereby grow a large amount of flower mushrooms; After having adopted a damp mushroom, with bacterium tube upset, earthing is 7~10 days again, and supplies overburden layer moisture, can remove topsoil after waiting 3~5 days, manages fruiting as stated above.
CN2012101582477A 2012-05-20 2012-05-20 Soil covering culture method for flower mushrooms Pending CN102657028A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103262753A (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-08-28 邬金飞 Auricularia polytricha soil-covered cultivation technology
CN103340097A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 何寒 Method for preparing lucid ganoderma producing fungus stick by using whole corn straw
CN103430769A (en) * 2013-08-10 2013-12-11 黄艳芳 Method for cultivating mushroom by strip-shaped corn straws
CN103477868A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-01 凌爱秋 Method for cultivating flower mushrooms through uncooked material fermentation and by utilizing open-type bag-cultivation shiitake mushrooms
CN103497040A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Mushroom cultivation base using attapulgite for adsorption of harmful metal elements and its preparation method
CN103975767A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 中节能(汉川)光伏农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of photovoltaic greenhouse buried type shiitake
CN104303822A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-28 桐城市佳明农业发展有限公司 Planting method of mushroom
CN104488558A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 天津市金三农农业科技开发有限公司 Method for increasing spawn running rate of mushroom
CN104541981A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-29 贵州永兴农业科技开发有限公司 Method for cultivating spring sowing shiitake mushrooms by utilizing biogas residues and biogas slurry
CN104737802A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-01 邬方成 Shiitake mushroom cultivation method
CN104813841A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-05 广西大学 Soil-cover cultivation method for summer mushroom
CN104838884A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-19 吉林农业大学 Cultivation method for good-quality flower mushrooms
CN105399516A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Shiitake mushroom strain culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN106576891A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-26 南阳师范学院 Shiitake mushroom production method shortening cultivation period of shiitake mushroom
CN108925361A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-04 于爱民 A kind of artificial cultivation method of reed mushroom
CN109197378A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-15 贵州好菇粮农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating mushroom
CN110150026A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-08-23 贵州织金毫米农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Dictyophora rubrovalvata industrial planting method

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103262753A (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-08-28 邬金飞 Auricularia polytricha soil-covered cultivation technology
CN103340097A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 何寒 Method for preparing lucid ganoderma producing fungus stick by using whole corn straw
CN103430769A (en) * 2013-08-10 2013-12-11 黄艳芳 Method for cultivating mushroom by strip-shaped corn straws
CN103497040A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Mushroom cultivation base using attapulgite for adsorption of harmful metal elements and its preparation method
CN103477868A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-01 凌爱秋 Method for cultivating flower mushrooms through uncooked material fermentation and by utilizing open-type bag-cultivation shiitake mushrooms
CN103975767A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 中节能(汉川)光伏农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of photovoltaic greenhouse buried type shiitake
CN104303822A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-28 桐城市佳明农业发展有限公司 Planting method of mushroom
CN104488558A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 天津市金三农农业科技开发有限公司 Method for increasing spawn running rate of mushroom
CN104541981A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-29 贵州永兴农业科技开发有限公司 Method for cultivating spring sowing shiitake mushrooms by utilizing biogas residues and biogas slurry
CN104541981B (en) * 2015-01-14 2017-01-04 贵州永兴农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of method using biogas residue and biogas slurry cultivation spring sowing Lentinus Edodes
CN104737802A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-01 邬方成 Shiitake mushroom cultivation method
CN104813841A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-05 广西大学 Soil-cover cultivation method for summer mushroom
CN104838884A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-19 吉林农业大学 Cultivation method for good-quality flower mushrooms
CN105399516A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Shiitake mushroom strain culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN106576891A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-26 南阳师范学院 Shiitake mushroom production method shortening cultivation period of shiitake mushroom
CN108925361A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-04 于爱民 A kind of artificial cultivation method of reed mushroom
CN109197378A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-15 贵州好菇粮农业科技有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating mushroom
CN110150026A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-08-23 贵州织金毫米农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Dictyophora rubrovalvata industrial planting method

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Application publication date: 20120912