CN102557756B - Preparation method of stone-pattern-simulating glazed brick - Google Patents

Preparation method of stone-pattern-simulating glazed brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102557756B
CN102557756B CN201210005687.9A CN201210005687A CN102557756B CN 102557756 B CN102557756 B CN 102557756B CN 201210005687 A CN201210005687 A CN 201210005687A CN 102557756 B CN102557756 B CN 102557756B
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
stone
oxide
dry granular
brick
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CN201210005687.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102557756A (en
Inventor
韦斐
蔡细鄂
余祖灯
况彩萍
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广东道氏技术股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a stone-pattern-simulating glazed brick. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: 1) laying and accumulating colored dry particles on the surface of a blank body according to the pattern requirement with the thickness being 1-3mm; 2) after drying the blank body laid with the dry particles, burning the blank body for 90-150 minutes in a kiln at the temperature of 1150-1230 DEG C; and 3) edging and polishing the burnt brick body to obtain the stone-pattern-simulating glazed brick. The preparation method is simple in process and low in production cost; and the obtained glazed brick is strong in stereoscopic impression and vivid in stone-simulating effect, and meets the requirements of consumers better.

Description

A kind of preparation method of imitative stone material ornamental brick
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of imitative stone material ornamental brick.
Background technology
The texture of stone material is soft attractive in appearance serious, and elegant style is in a great variety, is the ideal material of decorating luxurious building, thereby the stone material product of high-grade high-quality is " distinguished guest " during many large-scale public spaces, villa big house are decorated always.But stone material is a kind of scarce resource, stone material a thousand pieces of gold difficulty on market of high-grade high-quality is asked, blemish in an otherwise perfect thing be, lithotome has radioactivity, and in the interior space, use and do not meet environmental protection life idea, moreover, because lithotome is exploited out from natural rock mass, formed pattern texture is difficult to nature and is connected, and while therefore using, cannot realize big area paving, is difficult to form unified and complete style.And the exploitation of stone material, not only wasted a large amount of manpower and materials, and ecotope has been caused to certain injury.
In recent years, particularly enter after 21st century, stone material consumption rate of increase every year on average is all greater than 9%, and the impetus of stone material consumption cumulative year after year does not subtract.In state-owned abundant stone material mineral reserve, but due to unreasonable and excessive exploitation, there is deficient present situation in some regional stone material mineral reserve.Rock material resource is non-renewable, abundanter mineral reserve also have totally one day of exploitation, and lithotome only has 30% consumption from exploitation to use, to resource with to environment, causes significant wastage and pollution.The advantage of stone material maximum is from natural, but maximum shortcoming is also with natural defect, as cost is high, has radioactivity, insufficient strength etc.Imitative stones and ceramics can be evaded these weakness, to replace the ideal material of natural stone, moreover, because pottery is compared with lithotome price, cheap, for the human consumer in developing country, the popular level of consumption that residential building is decorated is not high, and imitative Stone-ceramic brick will become the focus of consumption.
Be mainly after the stamp of brick surface, to spread the dry granular of attached layer of transparent at present, have certain stereoscopic sensation, but also have larger gap with real stone material.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the preparation method of the imitative stone material ornamental brick that a kind of stereoscopic sensation is strong, effect is true to nature.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A preparation method for stone imitation pattern ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass in billet surface coloured dry granular, thickness is 1 ~ 3mm;
2) enter kiln fires 90 ~ 150 minutes at 1150 ~ 1230 ℃;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described coloured dry granular is by 80 ~ 120 parts of basic frit dry granulars, 0.5 ~ 10 part of composition of tinting material.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 315~20 parts, SiO 253~59 parts, K 26~8 parts of O, Na 21~3 part of O, 8~11 parts of CaO, 0.1~3 part of MgO, 0.5~3 part of ZnO, B 2o 30~3 part, 0~5 part of BaO, Li 20~1 part of composition of O.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 34~20 parts, SiO 240~65 parts, K 20.5~8 part of O, Na 20.5~20 part of O, 2~11 parts of CaO, 0.1~4 part of MgO, 0.5~15 part of ZnO, B 2o 30~6 part, 0~40 part of BaO, Li 20~4 part of composition of O.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 312~15 parts, SiO 240~50 parts, K 20.5~2.5 part of O, Na 20.5~2.5 part of O, 7.5~12.5 parts of CaO, 0.1~4 part of MgO, 0.5~3 part of ZnO, B 2o 30~3 part, 22~40 parts of BaO, Li 20~1 part of composition of O.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 310~19 parts, SiO 254~62 parts, K 21~3 part of O, Na 20.1~3 part of O, 6~11 parts of CaO, 0.1~2 part of MgO, 6~15 parts of ZnO, 0~6 part of BaO, B 2o 30~2, Li 20~1 part of composition of O.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 314~17 parts, SiO 256~60 parts, K 21~4 part of O, 10~16 parts of CaO, Na 24~6 parts of O, 1~2 part of MgO, 1~4 part of ZnO, 0~2 part of BaO, B 2o 31~3, Li 20~2 part of composition of O.
Preferably, by mass parts, calculate, described basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 34~7 parts, SiO 258~63 parts, K 21~4 part of O, 14~20 parts of CaO, Na 23~6 parts of O, 1~4 part of MgO, 1~4 part of ZnO, 0~5 part of BaO, B 2o 30~3 part, Li 20~2 part of composition of O.
Preferably, described tinting material is at least one in phosphorus oxide, ferric oxide, cobalt oxide, nickel oxide, cerium oxide, chromic oxide, titanium dioxide, Manganse Dioxide, cupric oxide, Neodymium trioxide, zirconium white.
Preferably, described ground is ceramic tile base substrate.
beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Coloured dry granular of the present invention is fired gained by special formula, and its initial melting temperature is high, and high-temperature viscosity is little, consistency between different dry granulars is good, and the imitative stone material ornamental brick bubble that prepared by it is few, stereoscopic sensation is strong, and imitative stone effect is true to nature, color is various, more meets consumer demand.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but be not limited to this.If no special instructions, the umber in following examples all refers to mass parts.
embodiment 1
A yellow transparent dry granular, is comprised of 95 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 5 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 320 parts, SiO 253 parts, K 26 parts of O, Na 21 part of O, 8 parts of CaO, 0.5 part of MgO, 0.5 part of ZnO, 5 parts of BaO, Li 21 part of composition of O.
Tinting material is by 2 parts of titanium dioxide, 3 parts of compositions of cerium oxide.
embodiment 2
The transparent dry granular of blueness, is comprised of 105 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 0.5 part of tinting material.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 315 parts, SiO 259 parts, K 28 parts of O, Na 23 parts of O, 11 parts of CaO, 3 parts of MgO, 3 parts of ZnO, B 2o 33 parts of compositions.
Tinting material is comprised of 0.5 part of cobalt oxide.
embodiment 3
A green transparent dry granular, is comprised of 105.1 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 3 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 312 parts, SiO 240 parts, K 20.5 part of O, Na 20.5 part of O, 7.5 parts of CaO, 0.1 part of MgO, 0.5 part of ZnO, B 2o 33 parts, 40 parts of BaO, Li 2o1 part forms.
Tinting material is by 2 parts, chromic oxide, 1 part of composition of cupric oxide.
embodiment 4
A black transparent dry granular, is comprised of 111.5 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 9 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 315 parts, SiO 250 parts, K 22.5 parts of O, Na 22.5 parts of O, 12.5 parts of CaO, 4 parts of MgO, 3 parts of ZnO, 22 parts of compositions of BaO.
Tinting material is by 4 parts of ferric oxide, 1 part of cobalt oxide, 4 parts of compositions of nickel oxide.
embodiment 5
The transparent dry granular of brown, is comprised of 93.5.5 part basis frit dry granular and 4 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 319 parts, SiO 254 parts, K 23 parts of O, Na 20.5 part of O, 6 parts of CaO, 2 parts of MgO, 6 parts of ZnO, 2 parts of BaO, Li 2o1 part forms.
Tinting material is by 1 part of nickel oxide, 3 parts of compositions of manganese oxide.
embodiment 6
The transparent dry granular of purple, is comprised of 106 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 4 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 317 parts, SiO 256 parts, K 24 parts of O, Na 216 parts of O, 6 parts of CaO, 2 parts of MgO, 4 parts of ZnO, 1 part of composition of BaO.
Tinting material is comprised of 4 parts of Neodymium trioxide.
embodiment 7
A white dry granular, is comprised of 98 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 2 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 314 parts, SiO 260 parts, K 21 part of O, Na 210 parts of O, 4 parts of CaO, 1 part of MgO, 1 part of ZnO, B 2o 32 parts, 3 parts of BaO, Li 2o2 part forms.
Tinting material is comprised of 2 parts of phosphorus oxide.
embodiment 8
A white dry granular, is comprised of 98 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 4 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 314 parts, SiO 260 parts, K 21 part of O, Na 210 parts of O, 4 parts of CaO, 1 part of MgO, 1 part of ZnO, B 2o 32 parts, 3 parts of BaO, Li 2o2 part forms.
Tinting material is comprised of 4 parts of zirconium whites.
embodiment 9
A blue dry granular, is comprised of 97 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 1 part of tinting material.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 34 parts, SiO 263 parts, K 21 part of O, Na 214 parts of O, 3 parts of CaO, 1 part of MgO, 4 parts of ZnO, B 2o 35 parts, Li 22 parts of compositions of O.
Tinting material is comprised of 1 part of cobalt oxide.
embodiment 10
A green dry granular, is comprised of 103 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 8 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 37 parts, SiO 258 parts, K 24 parts of O, Na 220 parts of O, 6 parts of CaO, 4 parts of MgO, 1 part of ZnO, BaO3 part forms.
Tinting material is by 2 parts, chromic oxide, 4 parts of cupric oxide, 2 parts of compositions of ferric oxide.
embodiment 11
A purple dry granular, is comprised of 80 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 4 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 35 parts, SiO 250 parts, K 23 parts of O, Na 210 parts of O, 2 parts of CaO, 3 parts of MgO, 2 parts of ZnO, 1 part of composition of BaO.
Tinting material is comprised of 4 parts of Neodymium trioxide.
embodiment 12
A brown dry granular, is comprised of 120 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 10 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 37 parts, SiO 265 parts, K 24 parts of O, Na 220 parts of O, 6 parts of CaO, 4 parts of MgO, 4 parts of ZnO, B 2o 35 parts, 3 parts of BaO, Li 22 parts of compositions of O.
Tinting material is by 1 part of ferric oxide, 3 parts of nickel oxide, 2 parts of cupric oxide, 4 parts of compositions of manganese oxide.
embodiment 13
A yellow dry granular, is comprised of 103 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 4 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 35 parts, SiO 260 parts, K 24 parts of O, Na 220 parts of O, 6 parts of CaO, 4 parts of MgO, 1 part of ZnO, 3 parts of compositions of BaO.
Tinting material is by 3 parts of titanium dioxide, 1 part of composition of cerium oxide.
embodiment 14
A black dry granular, is comprised of 100 parts of basic frit dry granulars and 10 parts of tinting materials.
Wherein, basic frit dry granular is by Al 2o 36 parts, SiO 262 parts, K 22 parts of O, Na 215 parts of O, 5 parts of CaO, 2 parts of MgO, 3 parts of ZnO, B 2o 34 parts, 1 part of composition of BaO.
Tinting material is by 2 parts of ferric oxide, 4 parts of manganese oxide, 4 parts of compositions of nickel oxide.
The preparation method of the basic frit dry granular in above embodiment 1 ~ 14 is: frit is according to formula, after batching mixes, founds through 1450 ~ 1550 ℃, obtains the frit that dry granular is used after shrend, after frit particle drying, be crushed to 10 ~ 80 orders, obtain required product.
embodiment 15
A preparation method for transparent artificial stone material ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass on ceramic adobe surface coloured dry granular of embodiment 1 ~ 8, thickness is 1mm;
2) entering klining becomes at 1170 ℃, to fire 120 minutes;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick.
embodiment 16
A preparation method for transparent artificial stone material ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass on ceramic adobe surface coloured dry granular of embodiment 1 ~ 8, thickness is 2mm;
2) entering klining becomes at 1200 ℃, to fire 120 minutes;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick.
embodiment 17
A preparation method for transparent artificial stone material ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass on ceramic adobe surface coloured dry granular of embodiment 1 ~ 8, thickness is 3mm;
2) entering klining becomes at 1230 ℃, to fire 100 minutes;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick.
embodiment 18
A preparation method for translucent imitative stone material ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass on ceramic adobe surface coloured dry granular of embodiment 8 ~ 14, thickness is 2mm;
2) entering klining becomes at 1150 ℃, to fire 150 minutes;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick.
embodiment 19
A preparation method for translucent imitative stone material ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass on ceramic adobe surface coloured dry granular of embodiment 8 ~ 14, thickness is 3mm;
2) entering klining becomes at 1230 ℃, to fire 100 minutes;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick.
The resulting ornamental brick stereoscopic sensation of above embodiment is strong, and imitative stone effect is true to nature, and color is various, more meets consumer demand.

Claims (1)

1. a preparation method for stone imitation pattern ornamental brick, comprises the steps:
1) according to pattern, require paving to amass in billet surface coloured dry granular, thickness is 1~3mm;
2) enter kiln fires 90~150 minutes at 1150~1230 ℃;
3) by the brick body baking through edging, after polishing, obtain stone imitation pattern ornamental brick;
Described coloured dry granular is by 80~120 parts of basic frit dry granulars, 0.5~10 part of composition of tinting material;
Consisting of of described basic frit dry granular:
Al 2o 315~20 parts, SiO 253~59 parts, K 26~8 parts of O, Na 21~3 part of O, 8~11 parts of CaO, 0.1~3 part of MgO, 0.5~3 part of ZnO, B 2o 30~3 part, 0~5 part of BaO, Li 20~1 part of O, calculates by mass parts;
Described tinting material is at least one in phosphorus oxide, ferric oxide, cobalt oxide, nickel oxide, cerium oxide, chromic oxide, titanium dioxide, Manganse Dioxide, cupric oxide, Neodymium trioxide, zirconium white;
Base substrate is ceramic tile base substrate.
CN201210005687.9A 2012-01-10 2012-01-10 Preparation method of stone-pattern-simulating glazed brick CN102557756B (en)

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CN102992667A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-27 孙志勤 Method for preparing agate red pigment
CN103224330B (en) * 2013-04-27 2015-01-28 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 Frit dry granules with characteristics of one-time sintering and brilliant black color, and preparation method thereof
CN103224329B (en) * 2013-04-27 2015-05-20 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 One-time sintered beige frit dry particles and preparation method thereof
CN103224331B (en) * 2013-04-27 2015-01-28 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 Frit dry granules with characteristics of one-time sintering and golden brown color, and preparation method thereof
CN104405101B (en) * 2014-10-11 2018-10-26 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 A kind of transmutation Antique Imitation Tiles and its production method
CN105272363B (en) * 2015-10-16 2017-09-08 德化县如瓷生活文化有限公司 Ink-stone porcelain and method for cooking are inhaled with Venus, dizzy the imitative of effect of gold
CN105503271A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-04-20 张武彬 Treatment process for enabling ceramic surface to naturally simulate and be wear-resistant
CN105907178B (en) * 2015-12-24 2019-04-23 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 A kind of ceramic ink jet printing is with pushing glaze ink aside
CN106082671B (en) * 2016-06-22 2019-01-29 丽水学院 Longquan celadon blueness glaze, Longquan celadon and preparation method thereof
CN109081686A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-25 刘志成 A kind of imitation stone mosaic and its synthetic method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2777118Y (en) * 2005-01-05 2006-05-03 佛山欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 Ceramic polished decoration bricks
CN102040398A (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-05-04 广东道氏标准制釉股份有限公司 Method for preparing polished crystal tile

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2777118Y (en) * 2005-01-05 2006-05-03 佛山欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 Ceramic polished decoration bricks
CN102040398A (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-05-04 广东道氏标准制釉股份有限公司 Method for preparing polished crystal tile

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