CN202543089U - Glazed ceramic tile with stereoscopic and level impressions - Google Patents

Glazed ceramic tile with stereoscopic and level impressions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202543089U
CN202543089U CN2012201626485U CN201220162648U CN202543089U CN 202543089 U CN202543089 U CN 202543089U CN 2012201626485 U CN2012201626485 U CN 2012201626485U CN 201220162648 U CN201220162648 U CN 201220162648U CN 202543089 U CN202543089 U CN 202543089U
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
ceramic tile
frit
granule crystal
clear frit
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012201626485U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈满坚
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陈满坚
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Priority to CN2012201626485U priority Critical patent/CN202543089U/en
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Publication of CN202543089U publication Critical patent/CN202543089U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a glazed ceramic tile with stereoscopic and level impressions. The glazed ceramic tile is characterized in that on the basis of the preparation process of the conventional glazed ceramic tile, the process link of particle crystal distribution is added, so that the surface decorating effect of a product has the level impression and the stereoscopic impression compared with the conventional glazed ceramic tile. The glazed ceramic tile disclosed by the utility model has the advantages of strong stereoscopic impression and level impression on patterns, good decorating effect, wide application range and good promotion value.

Description

A kind of throwing glaze ceramic tile with three-dimensional gradation sense
Technical field
The utility model relates to the ceramic tile preparing technical field, especially relate to a kind of have three-dimensional gradation sense throwing glaze ceramic tile technical field.
Background technology
Throw the glaze ceramic tile because of its surface glittering and translucent, have a response that certain stereoscopic sensation receives market; Its preparation generally is after executing ground-coat enamel, cover-coat enamel, printing glaze in the adobe and burning till; The transparent surface of the fired one-tenth of cloth frit again on the adobe surface forms finished product through polishing at last again.Also have through once firing shaping; Like patent name is that working method, the number of patent application that a kind of once-firing is thrown brilliant brick is the utility application of CN201110292509.4; It is to adopt existing polished tile cloth technology that the powder of various different colours, texture is carried out surface after according to design requirements cloth and compression moulding drying to throw the base processing; Spray again or printing layer of transparent glaze; And then carry out printing ornament, repave layer of transparent crystallite frit powder after the completion and spray one deck methyl water or fixing agent is fixed to go into klining at last and become polishing.This mode is save energy effectively, also has certain stereoeffect, but three-dimensional level is clearly demarcated inadequately, and brick strength is low, and splitting resistance is poor.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the throwing glaze ceramic tile that provides a kind of three-dimensional gradation sense stronger.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned throwing glaze ceramic tile.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize above-mentioned purpose:
A kind of throwing glaze ceramic tile of the present invention with three-dimensional gradation sense; Comprise green body layer, be positioned at the glazed layer of green body layer upper surface or the patterned layer of glazed layer upper surface, the clear frit layer of patterned layer upper surface; It is characterized in that; Also be distributed into the granule crystal of being processed by ceramic with the form of interspersing between said pattern or glazed layer and the clear frit layer, the fusing point of said granule crystal is higher than the fusing point of clear frit layer.
As further specifying of such scheme, granule crystal is that its color and luster of ceramic lens, size, the shape of transparent, translucent, milkiness needs decide by decoration, and various particles can be separately or the mixing use.
As further specifying of such scheme, granule crystal or be clear frit; Or add opacifying agent for clear frit; Or fire and form for transparent, translucent, milkiness frit adds ceramic pigment, the main ingredient of its basic clear frit is (below be mass percent):
SiO 2 60~70% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3??10~11% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.3~1% ?Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.5~1.5% ??B 2O 3?10~15%
The frit component of surface transparent frit layer does by percentage to the quality;
SiO 2 55~65% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3 8~9% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.1~0.2% Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.1~0.5% ??B 2O 3?15~20%
The beginning of this particle frit melts beginning that temperature is higher than clear frit and melts between 50~100 ℃ of the temperature.
As further specifying of such scheme, granule crystal is distributed into through the mode of artificial cloth, silk screen cloth or computer automatic distributing.
As further specifying of such scheme, the upper surface of said glazed layer also has the decorative pattern layer, and the granule crystal that is distributed into is between patterned layer and clear frit layer.
Throwing glaze ceramic tile preparation method with three-dimensional gradation sense of the present invention, it is to throw on the glaze ceramic tile preparation technology basis in tradition, increases to be distributed into the granule crystal operation, concrete steps are:
A, base;
B, glazing
C, once-firing;
D, be distributed into granule crystal at decorative pattern or overglaze surface then;
E, in the adobe that is furnished with granule crystal, repave and spread the layer of transparent frit;
F, twice firing;
G, polishing.
Wherein be distributed into the granule crystal of being processed by ceramic with the form of interspersing, the fusing point of said granule crystal is higher than the fusing point of clear frit layer.
As further specifying of such scheme, granule crystal is a ceramic lens transparent, translucent, milkiness, and its color and luster, size, shape need by decoration and decide, and various particles can separately or mix and use.
As further specifying of such scheme, granule crystal or be clear frit; Or add opacifying agent for clear frit; Or fire and form for transparent, translucent, milkiness frit adds ceramic pigment, the main ingredient of its basic clear frit is (below be mass percent):
SiO 2 60~70% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3 10~11% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.3~1% ?Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.5~1.5% ??B 2O 3?10~15%
The frit component of firing the clear frit layer does by percentage to the quality;
SiO 2 55~65% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3 8~9% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.1~0.2% Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.1~0.5% ??B 2O 3?15~20%
The beginning of this particle frit melts beginning that temperature is higher than clear frit and melts between 50~100 ℃ of the temperature.
As further specifying of such scheme, granule crystal is distributed into through the mode of artificial cloth, silk screen cloth or computer automatic distributing.
As further specifying of such scheme, after said adobe surface glazing, also need carry out the pattern decorative operation,
As further specifying of such scheme,, the once-firing operation applies one deck caking agent after accomplishing in corresponding position, motif surface, on caking agent, be distributed into granule crystal then.
As further specifying of such scheme, after the once-firing operation is accomplished, also to pass through the secondary pattern decoration process, and then be distributed into granule crystal.
The said twice firing time is 90~120 minutes; Firing temperature is 1050-1100 ℃.
After adopting technique scheme, the present invention can reach following beneficial effect:
1, the present invention is employed in the motif surface and is distributed into granule crystal with the form of interspersing; On pattern and granule crystal, form a clear frit layer again; Because the light transmission of granule crystal and the light transmission of clear frit layer there are differences; Make glazed layer can form scattering, refraction and projection effect, throw the whole three-dimensional gradation sense of glaze ceramic tile thereby strengthened.
2, the granule crystal among the present invention is fired by frit and is formed; Through selecting the component of frit, make the fusing point of granule crystal be higher than the fusing point of clear frit, under suitable firing condition; Shape, the size of granule crystal all do not change before and after firing; Keep its good three-dimensional level, make the coefficient of expansion of granule crystal and clear frit be complementary simultaneously, crackle and distortion appear in the brick surface after effectively preventing to fire.Granule crystal and clear frit layer are to fire and form in addition, and its texture is comparatively approaching, make that the transition between granule crystal and the clear frit is not obvious, can better visually strengthen the associative perception and the stereoscopic sensation of throwing the glaze ceramic tile.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a throwing glaze ceramic tile structural representation of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: 1, clear frit layer 2, granule crystal 2, glaze (pattern decorative) layer 4, adobe layer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing preferred implementation of the present invention is described:
As shown in Figure 1, form with adobe layer 4 by clear frit layer 1, glaze (pattern decorative) layer 3 from top to bottom according to the throwing glaze ceramic tile of the present invention's preparation, wherein intersperse in the clear frit layer 1 and be distributed with granule crystal 2.The fusing point of said granule crystal is higher than the fusing point of clear frit layer, and granule crystal is a ceramic lens transparent, translucent, milkiness.The upper surface of said glazed layer also has patterned layer, and the granule crystal that is distributed into is between printed layer and clear frit layer.The main ingredient of its basic clear frit is (below be mass percent):
SiO 2 60~70% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3??10~11% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.3~1% ?Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.5~1.5% ??B 2O 3?10~15%
The frit component of surface transparent frit layer does by percentage to the quality;
SiO 2 55~65% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3 8~9% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.1~0.2% Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.1~0.5% ??B 2O 3?15~20%
Above-mentioned throwing glaze ceramic tile can make through following steps:
A, base;
B, after the glazing of adobe surface, carry out printing ornament again;
C, once-firing;
D, secondary pattern are decorated;
E, first at the surperficial corresponding position coating one deck caking agent of motif according to design requirements,
F, on caking agent, be distributed into granule crystal then;
G, in the adobe that is furnished with granule crystal, repave and spread the layer of transparent frit;
H, twice firing: said firing time is 90~120 minutes, and firing temperature is 1050~1100 ℃;
I, polishing.
Wherein granule crystal is that frit is fired and formed, and the component of frit does; (below be mass percent):
SiO 2 60~70% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3 10~11% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.3~1% ?Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.5~1.5% ??B 2O 3?10~15%
The frit component of firing the clear frit layer does by percentage to the quality;
SiO 2 55~65% ?MgO 0.2~0.3% ?Al 2O 3 8~9% ?K 2O 2~4%
Fe 2O 3 0.1~0.2% Na 2O 1~2% CaO 2~3% ZnO?2.5~4%
BaO 2.5~4% ZrO 2?0.1~0.5% ??B 2O 3?15~20%
The beginning of this particle frit melts beginning that temperature is higher than clear frit and melts between 50~100 ℃ of the temperature, and granule crystal is distributed into through the mode of artificial cloth, silk screen cloth or computer automatic distributing, and granule crystal is processed by ceramic.
The said twice firing time is 90~120 minutes; Firing temperature is 1050-1100 ℃.
The fusing point of the granule crystal that is fired into through above component frit is higher than the fusing point of clear frit, and the coefficient of expansion of granule crystal and the coefficient of expansion of clear frit are complementary.It is strong that the throwing glaze ceramic tile that obtains has associative perception, and characteristics such as pattern stereoscopic impression, gradation sense are good have good decoration effect and market outlook.
In above-mentioned process step, the pattern decorative operation among the step b, all additions and deletions as required of the secondary pattern decoration process in the steps d also can not adopted sticker among the step e, and adopt other usual manner immobilized particles crystal, and the present invention does not carefully state at this.
Above-described only is preferred implementation of the present invention, should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the invention design, can also make some variations and improvement, and these all belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. throwing glaze ceramic tile with three-dimensional gradation sense; Comprise green body layer, be positioned at the glazed layer of green body layer upper surface, the decorative pattern layer of glazed layer upper surface and the clear frit layer on the patterned layer; It is characterized in that the granule crystal that also is distributed between said patterned layer and the clear frit layer with the form of interspersing.
2. the throwing glaze ceramic tile with three-dimensional gradation sense according to claim 1 is characterized in that the fusing point of said granule crystal is higher than the fusing point of clear frit layer.
3. the throwing glaze ceramic tile with three-dimensional gradation sense according to claim 2 is characterized in that, granule crystal is a ceramic lens transparent, translucent, milkiness.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described throwing glaze ceramic tile with three-dimensional gradation sense, it is characterized in that granule crystal is a frit, the beginning of this particle frit melts beginning that temperature is higher than clear frit and melts between 50~100 ℃ of the temperature.
5. the throwing glaze ceramic tile with three-dimensional gradation sense according to claim 4 is characterized in that the upper surface of said glazed layer also has patterned layer, and the granule crystal that is distributed into is between printed layer and clear frit layer.
CN2012201626485U 2012-04-17 2012-04-17 Glazed ceramic tile with stereoscopic and level impressions CN202543089U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102653476A (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-09-05 陈满坚 Three-dimensional hierarchical glazed ceramic brick and method for preparing same
CN103161278A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-06-19 刘德文 Microcrystal foamed ceramic composite brick
CN105672606A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 万利(中国)有限公司 Large-size ceramic decorative sheet and formula process
CN106565281A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Fully-polished-glaze ceramic tile with metal particles and metallic luster and manufacturing method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102653476A (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-09-05 陈满坚 Three-dimensional hierarchical glazed ceramic brick and method for preparing same
CN102653476B (en) * 2012-04-17 2015-06-24 陈满坚 Three-dimensional hierarchical glazed ceramic brick and method for preparing same
CN103161278A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-06-19 刘德文 Microcrystal foamed ceramic composite brick
CN105672606A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 万利(中国)有限公司 Large-size ceramic decorative sheet and formula process
CN105672606B (en) * 2016-03-10 2018-07-20 万利(中国)有限公司 A kind of large size ceramic fancy veneer and Recipe
CN106565281A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Fully-polished-glaze ceramic tile with metal particles and metallic luster and manufacturing method thereof
CN106565281B (en) * 2016-11-14 2019-09-06 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of full throwing glaze Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof with metallic particles and gloss

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121121

Termination date: 20130417

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