CN105036810A - Black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze and process for preparing jun porcelain through black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze - Google Patents

Black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze and process for preparing jun porcelain through black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105036810A
CN105036810A CN201510440183.3A CN201510440183A CN105036810A CN 105036810 A CN105036810 A CN 105036810A CN 201510440183 A CN201510440183 A CN 201510440183A CN 105036810 A CN105036810 A CN 105036810A
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China
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glaze
black matrix
base
black
piebald
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李俊锋
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JIAXIAN SHENQIAN LEGEND CERAMICS CHINAWARE FACTORY
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JIAXIAN SHENQIAN LEGEND CERAMICS CHINAWARE FACTORY
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Abstract

The invention provides black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze and a process for preparing jun porcelain through the black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze. Firstly, base raw materials are smashed and molded, a plain base is fired, the plain base is immersed in slurry of black-base glaze for glazing, after the slurry of the black-base glaze is attached to the surface of the plain base and the plaint base is aired, slurry of mottled glaze is arranged on part of the surface of the plain base in a spot application mode, the plain base is placed in a kiln to be fired after being aired, and then the black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze jun porcelain is obtained. According to the black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze and the process for preparing the jun porcelain through the black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze, an iron element at a specific ratio is added to the black-base glaze, black glaze which is stable in color generation, uniform in color and luster and rich in jade texture feeling is obtained through high-temperature firing, the mottled glaze is fixed in a secondary glazing mode, an overglaze color or underglaze color coloring process adopted by ordinary mottled porcelain is broken through, the economic value of the jun porcelain is increased through innovation in glaze colors and coatings, the jun porcelain stands for the feature of China and also represents the advanced level of the craftsmanship in China, and the social value of the jun porcelain is increased.

Description

A kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze and use it to prepare the technique of pottery
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic manufacture field, be specially a kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze and use it to prepare the technique of pottery.
Background technology
Pottery is originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty, is one of Song dynasty five your name's kiln porcelain, and the treasure in Han nationality's tradition technology in producing porcelain, is called as national treasure, rarity.Be world-famous for the transmutation of uniqueness art, have the good reputation of " gold have valency an ancient unit of weight priceless " and " there is ten thousand strings of cash in family; not as pottery one ", it is the exclusive national treasure porcelain in ecliptic town, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, by means of its simple and unsophisticated moulding, consummate technique, the complicated magical transmutation of joining glaze, " entering kiln kiln discharge of the same colour ten thousand color ", with countless changes figure color and the marvellous charms such as the beautiful scenery of lakes and mountains, rosy clouds fog, people beast flower, bird, insect, and fish, be described as first of China's " five your name's porcelain ".
When making pottery, although present technology has made great progress, but there are some defects, pottery fires finished product from selecting materials in making processes, period experiences tens of roads production process, an operation accidentally also can cause that all that has been achieved is spoiled, this is also the pottery reason that output is extremely low all the time.The key of pottery is enamel, and the transmutation chatoyance of enamel after firing determines the value of pottery, the pottery of white have bluish white, grey dawn, creamy white, beautiful white etc., blue pottery have sky blue, acid blue, powder are blue, sapphire blue, peacock blue; In addition because the main component of enamel is feldspar and kaolin, an ancient unit of weight kiln is very easily ftractureed after kiln discharge cooling, reduces treasure rate.The difference of enamel formula, the color burnt out is also variant, and when tradition fires pottery, execute one deck glaze on plain tire surface, according to firing environment an ancient unit of weight glaze generation transmutation in kiln, there will be some uncontrollable decorative pattern or color lumps, the more difficult pairing of the finished product burnt out or configure complete.Therefore, be badly in need of a kind of pottery sintering technology firing specific decorative pattern at specific position, and when needing to overcome pottery kiln discharge, glaze layer easily bursts or hacks uneven phenomenon.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve glaze colours and the more difficult control of decorative pattern in process that pottery fires, and glaze layer easily bursts and hacks the problems such as uneven during pottery kiln discharge, the present invention proposes a kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze and uses it to prepare the technique of pottery, by the formula of fixing glaze to burn out specific glaze colours, and use the mode of secondary glazing, secure the position of piebald effect, in the formula of glaze, with the addition of specific composition simultaneously, make glaze layer hack evenly but not easily burst.
The present invention is in order to realize above-mentioned technique effect, and the technical scheme taked is:
A kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze, be made up of black matrix glaze and piebald glaze two portions, according to weight ratio, the raw material forming described black matrix glaze is 60-70 part feldspar, 5-10 part quartzite, 12-16 part calcite, 5-10 part iron ore, 5-10 part black powder and 0.2-1.8 part ferric oxide; Wherein, black powder and iron ore all take from ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
Black powder be take from locality, ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province black powder soil, the percentage composition of main component is SiO 2account for 57.67%, Al 2o 3account for 12.53%, CaO accounts for 11.35%, Fe 2o 3account for 5.60%, TiO 2account for 1.75%, MgO accounts for 4.97%, K 2o accounts for 3.25%, Na 2o accounts for 2.88%.
According to weight ratio, the raw material of described piebald glaze is made up of 48-53 part melilith, 10-15 part quartzite, the white feldspar of 5-10 part, 2-8 part alkali stone, 10-15 part calcite, 7-13 part glass frit, 0.5-1.5 part stannic oxide, 1-5 part zinc oxide and 1-3 part bone meal.
Black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze is used to prepare the technique of pottery, first carcass raw material pulverizing plastotype is fired plain tire, then plain tire is immersed glazing in the slip of black matrix glaze, after the slip of plain tire surface attachment black matrix glaze dries, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, put it in kiln after drying and fire, obtain black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze pottery, described sintering procedure is four sections and fires:
One, pre-burned
Plain tire is put into kiln, keeps wicket to crack 2-3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 580-620 DEG C from room temperature in 2h, then closes wicket tight;
Two, oxidizing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 950-980 DEG C from 580-620 DEG C in 3-4h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage;
Three, reducing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280-1300 DEG C at 7-8h from 950-980 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage;
Four, cool
Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, pottery prepared by black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze must be used.
In the process fired, when oxidizing atmosphere used and oxygen provide abundance, the flame atmosphere in complete combustion of fuel situation, component lower for fusing point in glaze is melted by this stage, makes glaze from solidus melting one-tenth liquid phase; Reducing atmosphere used and oxygen supply deficiency, the flame atmosphere in non-complete combustion of fuel situation, now can produce a large amount of carbon monoxide, have reductive action, this stage is colour developing stage of glaze, and the quality element of ground-coat enamel is iron, fire in reducing atmosphere, show the distinctive black of pottery; A large amount of meliliths and white feldspar is with the addition of in mottled enamels, in the glaze colours color and luster green grass or young crops be fired in reducing atmosphere, band is white, light transmission is good and hardness is larger, visually black ground-coat enamel can be appeared, again because containing other element in formula ore, such as ferro element and copper etc., can present the tiny spot of redness, green or purple in reducing atmosphere.
Preferably, oxidizing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 960 DEG C from 600 DEG C in 3h; Reducing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7.4h from 960 DEG C, and to the colour temp of ferro element, iron is aobvious black in reducing atmosphere, and therefore turning fiery temperature and control comparatively strict, is optimum with 960 DEG C.If temperature continues more than 1300 DEG C to raise, then the element that in glaze, some fusing points are high may colour generation, thus causes glaze colours to change, and therefore truce temperature requirement is comparatively strict, is as the criterion with 1280 DEG C.
According to weight ratio, described carcass raw material is made up of 65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands; Wherein, kaolin, alkali stone, kibushi clay and quartz sand all take from ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
Wherein, alkali stone is for taking from the local a kind of caesious building stones in ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and belong to flint clay class, quality is superfine, and originate in coal, two folded coal measures bottoms, the percentage composition of main component is Al 2o 3account for 38.79%, SiO 2account for 45.65%, TiO 2account for 0.47%, Fe 2o 3account for 0.35%, CaO accounts for 0.38%, Na 2o accounts for 0.05%, MgO accounts for 0.15%, Li 2o accounts for 0.08%, impurity accounts for 14.08%.
Kibushi clay is the camwood knag taking from locality, ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and outward appearance is generally in mulberry, brown or sorrel, and can improve chinaware body intensity, improve slip fluidity, the percentage composition of main component is SiO 2account for 60%, Al 2o 3account for 28-33%, carbonaceous humus accounts for 7-12%.
The sintering technology of described plain tire is for becoming fineness to be 250-300 object mud the mass mixing stirring ball-millings such as carcass raw material and water, then mud plastotype is used to become unpainted clay idol, unpainted clay idol enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, obtain plain tire, wherein, the plastotype mode of unpainted clay idol has perfusion and pulls two kinds, perfusion plastotype can a large amount of output is identical at short notice unpainted clay idol, and then each is all incomplete same for the unpainted clay idol pulling plastotype output, has more artistry.
The preparation process of the slip of black matrix glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of black matrix glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of black matrix glaze, slip is 3-4mm at the thickness of plain tire surface attachment, fire rear glazed thickness comparatively suitable, both the color of plain tire can not have been exposed because of too thin, also the coloured glaze sense of an ancient unit of weight glaze itself can not be lost because of too thick, glazing techniques is leaching glaze, ensures that glazing is even, bubble-free.
The preparation process of the slip of piebald glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of piebald glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of piebald glaze, glazing techniques is some glaze, needs the local partial points occurring decorative pattern to execute slip, guarantee that the porcelain color and luster burnt out is relative with decorative pattern fixing on porcelain surface.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
A kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze of the present invention and use it to prepare the technique of pottery, ground-coat enamel presents black, mainly because containing iron ore, black stone and ferric oxide in component, a large amount of ferric oxide and manganese oxide be colour generation black light in the process fired, black glaze glaze layer is relatively thick, owing to being that cause small cup, the rim of a bowl of just burning are thinner along glaze layer, but still glossy.
The melilith of vast scale and white feldspar is used at the formula of piebald glaze, in the glaze colours color and luster green grass or young crops be fired in reducing atmosphere, band is white, light transmission is good and hardness is larger, visually black matrix glaze can be appeared, again because containing other element in formula ore, such as ferro element and copper etc., can present the spot of redness, green or purple in reducing atmosphere; Adding bone meal is jade sense in order to add glaze colours, makes the glaze colours that burns more gentle exquisitely carved.
Kibushi clay is added in plain tire; there is more carbonaceous humus etc.; outward appearance darkly, brown, blue, grey isochrome; the camwood knag be when real estate used in the present invention; because of contained by it organic occur to be hydrolyzed with the alkaline matter phase interaction energy in alkali stone form protective colloid; contribute to mud processability to improve, namely increase the tensile property of plain tire, reduce the probability of the distortion of plain tire and cracking.
A kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze of the present invention and use it to prepare the technique of pottery, by adding the ferro element of specified proportion in black matrix glaze, become in colour-stable through high-temperature firing, uniform and the black glaze of rich beautiful texture of color and luster, and use the mode of secondary glazing, secure the position of piebald glaze, in the formula of glaze, with the addition of talcum and the bone meal of specified proportion simultaneously, glaze layer is made to hack evenly but not easily burst, the present invention breaches the over-glaze decoration of general piebald porcelain employing or the coloring process of under glazed, innovation on glaze colours and coating adds the economic worth of pottery, and pottery is as the characteristic of China, also represent the advanced level of China's manufacture craft, improve the social value of pottery.
Embodiment
In conjunction with following specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following examples.Implement process of the present invention, condition, reagent, experimental technique etc., except the following content mentioned specially, be universal knowledege and the common practise of this area, the present invention is not particularly limited content.
Embodiment 1
The technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 250 orders; Pulled by gained mud and shapingly make plain tire, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 860 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation black matrix glaze
Ball mill is put in 60 parts of feldspars, 5 parts of quartzites, 12 parts of calcites, 5 parts of iron ores, 5 parts of black powder and 0.2 part of ferric oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of black matrix glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation piebald glaze
Ball mill is put in 48 parts of meliliths, 10 parts of quartzites, 5 parts of white feldspars, 2 parts of alkali stones, 10 parts of calcites, 7 parts of glass frits, 0.5 part of stannic oxide, 1 part of zinc oxide and 1 part of bone meal mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of piebald glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the black matrix glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and piebald glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into black matrix glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 580 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 950 DEG C from 580 DEG C in 3h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7h from 950 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 2
The technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 300 orders; Make plain tire by shaping for gained slurry prime, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 880 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation black matrix glaze
Ball mill is put in 63 parts of feldspars, 6 parts of quartzites, 13 parts of calcites, 6 parts of iron ores, 6 parts of black powder and 0.4 part of ferric oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of black matrix glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation piebald glaze
Ball mill is put in 49 parts of meliliths, 11 parts of quartzites, 6 parts of white feldspars, 3 parts of alkali stones, 12 parts of calcites, 8 parts of glass frits, 0.8 part of stannic oxide, 2 parts of zinc oxide and 1.2 parts of bone meal mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of piebald glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the black matrix glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and piebald glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into black matrix glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 620 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 965 DEG C from 620 DEG C in 3.8h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1285 DEG C at 7.7h from 965 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 3
The technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 250 orders; Pulled by gained mud and shapingly make plain tire, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 900 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation black matrix glaze
Ball mill is put in 65 parts of feldspars, 7 parts of quartzites, 14 parts of calcites, 7 parts of iron ores, 7 parts of black powder and 0.9 part of ferric oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 6h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of black matrix glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation piebald glaze
Ball mill is put in 50 parts of meliliths, 12 parts of quartzites, 7 parts of white feldspars, 6 parts of alkali stones, 12 parts of calcites, 10 parts of glass frits, 1 part of stannic oxide, 3 parts of zinc oxide and 2 parts of bone meal mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 6h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of piebald glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the black matrix glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and piebald glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into black matrix glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 600 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 960 DEG C from 600 DEG C in 3h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7.4h from 960 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 4
The technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 300 orders; Make plain tire by shaping for gained slurry prime, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 930 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation black matrix glaze
Ball mill is put in 68 parts of feldspars, 9 parts of quartzites, 15 parts of calcites, 9 parts of iron ores, 9 parts of black powder and 1.4 parts of ferric oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 7h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of black matrix glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation piebald glaze
Ball mill is put in 51 parts of meliliths, 14 parts of quartzites, 9 parts of white feldspars, 7 parts of alkali stones, 14 parts of calcites, 12 parts of glass frits, 1.4 parts of stannic oxide, 4.5 parts of zinc oxide and 2.5 parts of bone meal mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 7h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of piebald glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the black matrix glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and piebald glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into black matrix glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 590 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 970 DEG C from 590 DEG C in 3.2h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1295 DEG C at 7.2h from 970 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 5
The technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 300 orders; Pulled by gained mud and shapingly make plain tire, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation black matrix glaze
Ball mill is put in 70 parts of feldspars, 10 parts of quartzites, 16 parts of calcites, 10 parts of iron ores, 10 parts of black powder and 1.8 parts of ferric oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of black matrix glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation piebald glaze
Ball mill is put in 53 parts of meliliths, 15 parts of quartzites, 10 parts of white feldspars, 8 parts of alkali stones, 15 parts of calcites, 13 parts of glass frits, 1.5 parts of stannic oxide, 5 parts of zinc oxide and 3 parts of bone meal mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of piebald glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the black matrix glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and piebald glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into black matrix glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 620 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 980 DEG C from 620 DEG C in 4h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1300 DEG C at 8h from 980 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.

Claims (9)

1. a black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze, be made up of black matrix glaze and piebald glaze two portions, it is characterized in that: according to weight ratio, the raw material forming described black matrix glaze is 60-70 part feldspar, 5-10 part quartzite, 12-16 part calcite, 5-10 part iron ore, 5-10 part black powder and 0.2-1.8 part ferric oxide; Wherein, black powder and iron ore all take from ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
2. a kind of black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: according to weight ratio, the raw material of described piebald glaze is made up of 48-53 part melilith, 10-15 part quartzite, the white feldspar of 5-10 part, 2-8 part alkali stone, 10-15 part calcite, 7-13 part glass frit, 0.5-1.5 part stannic oxide, 1-5 part zinc oxide and 1-3 part bone meal.
3. use black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze as claimed in claim 1 or 2 to prepare the technique of pottery, first carcass raw material pulverizing plastotype is fired plain tire, then plain tire is immersed glazing in the slip of black matrix glaze, after the slip of plain tire surface attachment black matrix glaze dries, the slip of piebald glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, put it in kiln after drying and fire, obtain black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze pottery, it is characterized in that: described sintering procedure is four sections and fires:
One, pre-burned
Plain tire is put into kiln, keeps wicket to crack 2-3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 580-620 DEG C from room temperature in 2h, then closes wicket tight;
Two, oxidizing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 950-980 DEG C from 580-620 DEG C in 3-4h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage;
Three, reducing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280-1300 DEG C at 7-8h from 950-980 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage;
Four, cool
Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, pottery prepared by black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze must be used.
4. the technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: according to weight ratio, described carcass raw material is made up of 65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands; Wherein, kaolin, alkali stone, kibushi clay and quartz sand all take from ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
5. the technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the sintering technology of described plain tire is for becoming fineness to be 250-300 object mud the mass mixing stirring ball-millings such as carcass raw material and water, then mud plastotype is used to become unpainted clay idol, unpainted clay idol enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, obtain plain tire.
6. the technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the preparation process of the slip of described black matrix glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of black matrix glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtains the slip of black matrix glaze.
7. the technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the preparation process of the slip of described piebald glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of piebald glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtains the slip of piebald glaze.
8. the technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described oxidizing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 960 DEG C from 600 DEG C in 3h.
9. the technique using black matrix piebald compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described reducing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7.4h from 960 DEG C.
CN201510440183.3A 2015-07-24 2015-07-24 Black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze and process for preparing jun porcelain through black-base mottled composite Tang jun glaze Pending CN105036810A (en)

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CN105924006A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 高根长 Black glaze and preparing method thereof
CN106082664A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 尹建中 A kind of black cover-coat enamel and preparation method thereof
CN106082666A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 尹建中 A kind of Flos Rosae Rugosae fancy glaze and preparation method thereof
CN106277784A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 温书强 A kind of pottery black matrix piebaldism glaze
CN106316344A (en) * 2016-04-19 2017-01-11 河南尧神文化传播有限公司 Tang-dynasty jun porcelain leaf-bearing bowl with energy porcelain effects and production technique thereof
CN106630934A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-05-10 郏县神前传奇陶瓷钧瓷厂 Process for firing jun porcelain by aid of temmoku brown golden glaze
CN107200553A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-26 苏州瓷气时代净化设备有限公司 One kind contains rare earth element porcelain and its preparation technology
CN108996906A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-14 平顶山学院 A kind of black glaze honeysuckle flower porcelain of art and preparation method thereof and firing process
CN109095772A (en) * 2018-11-02 2018-12-28 禹州市锦丰源瓷业有限公司 A kind of pottery black mat glaze

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CN102731066A (en) * 2012-07-06 2012-10-17 河南白玉陶瓷有限公司 Porcelain with Junyu glaze and manufacturing method thereof
CN104261878A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-07 郏县任氏瓷业有限责任公司 Novel tang-dynasty jun porcelain glaze and manufacturing process thereof

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CN102584351A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-18 广东博德精工建材有限公司 Method for preparing jadeite microcrystal glass ceramic composite board
CN102731066A (en) * 2012-07-06 2012-10-17 河南白玉陶瓷有限公司 Porcelain with Junyu glaze and manufacturing method thereof
CN104261878A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-07 郏县任氏瓷业有限责任公司 Novel tang-dynasty jun porcelain glaze and manufacturing process thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106316344A (en) * 2016-04-19 2017-01-11 河南尧神文化传播有限公司 Tang-dynasty jun porcelain leaf-bearing bowl with energy porcelain effects and production technique thereof
CN105924006A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 高根长 Black glaze and preparing method thereof
CN106082664A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 尹建中 A kind of black cover-coat enamel and preparation method thereof
CN106082666A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 尹建中 A kind of Flos Rosae Rugosae fancy glaze and preparation method thereof
CN106277784A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 温书强 A kind of pottery black matrix piebaldism glaze
CN106630934A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-05-10 郏县神前传奇陶瓷钧瓷厂 Process for firing jun porcelain by aid of temmoku brown golden glaze
CN107200553A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-26 苏州瓷气时代净化设备有限公司 One kind contains rare earth element porcelain and its preparation technology
CN108996906A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-14 平顶山学院 A kind of black glaze honeysuckle flower porcelain of art and preparation method thereof and firing process
CN108996906B (en) * 2018-07-03 2020-11-24 平顶山学院 Artistic black glaze silver flower porcelain and preparation method and firing process thereof
CN109095772A (en) * 2018-11-02 2018-12-28 禹州市锦丰源瓷业有限公司 A kind of pottery black mat glaze

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