CN105175016A - Complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze with blue spots in white and process for preparing jun porcelain by use of complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze - Google Patents

Complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze with blue spots in white and process for preparing jun porcelain by use of complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105175016A
CN105175016A CN201510440203.7A CN201510440203A CN105175016A CN 105175016 A CN105175016 A CN 105175016A CN 201510440203 A CN201510440203 A CN 201510440203A CN 105175016 A CN105175016 A CN 105175016A
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China
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glaze
white
locus coeruleus
parts
slip
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李俊锋
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JIAXIAN SHENQIAN LEGEND CERAMICS CHINAWARE FACTORY
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JIAXIAN SHENQIAN LEGEND CERAMICS CHINAWARE FACTORY
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Abstract

The invention discloses a complex tang-dynasty jun glaze with blue spots in white and a process for preparing jun porcelain by use of the complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze. The process comprises: firstly crushing and molding carcass raw materials, and firing the carcass raw materials into plain carcass; then, immersing the plain carcass into slurry of glaze in white for glazing; applying slurry of the glaze with blue spots in surface points of the plain carcass after the slurry of the glaze in white adhered on the surface of the plain carcass is dried in air; and putting the plain carcass into a kiln for firing after the slurry of the glaze with blue spots is dried, thereby obtaining the complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze with blue spots in white. According to the Tang-dynasty jun glaze with blue spots in white and the process for preparing jun porcelain by use of the complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze disclosed by the invention, milky white glaze is presented in the process of firing by adding zircon into a formula of the glaze in white; and the position of the glaze with blue spots is fixed by use of a secondary glazing mode. A coloring process of overglaze color or underglaze color adopted by general piebald porcelains is broken through; economic value of the jun porcelain is increased through innovation in glazing color and coating; and the jun porcelain, which is a Chinese characteristic, also represents advanced level of the production process in China, thereby increasing the social value of the jun porcelain.

Description

A kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze and use it to prepare the technique of pottery
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic manufacture field, be specially a kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze and use it to prepare the technique of pottery.
Background technology
Pottery is originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty, is one of Song dynasty five your name's kiln porcelain, and the treasure in Han nationality's tradition technology in producing porcelain, is called as national treasure, rarity.Be world-famous for the transmutation of uniqueness art, have the good reputation of " gold have valency an ancient unit of weight priceless " and " there is ten thousand strings of cash in family; not as pottery one ", it is the exclusive national treasure porcelain in ecliptic town, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, by means of its simple and unsophisticated moulding, consummate technique, the complicated magical transmutation of joining glaze, " entering kiln kiln discharge of the same colour ten thousand color ", with countless changes figure color and the marvellous charms such as the beautiful scenery of lakes and mountains, rosy clouds fog, people beast flower, bird, insect, and fish, be described as first of China's " five your name's porcelain ".
When making pottery, although present technology has made great progress, but there are some defects, pottery fires finished product from selecting materials in making processes, period experiences tens of roads production process, an operation accidentally also can cause that all that has been achieved is spoiled, this is also the pottery reason that output is extremely low all the time.The key of pottery is enamel, and the transmutation chatoyance of enamel after firing determines the value of pottery, the pottery of white have bluish white, grey dawn, creamy white, beautiful white etc., blue pottery have sky blue, acid blue, powder are blue, sapphire blue, peacock blue; In addition because the main component of enamel is feldspar and kaolin, an ancient unit of weight kiln is very easily ftractureed after kiln discharge cooling, reduces treasure rate.The difference of enamel formula, the color burnt out is also variant, and when tradition fires pottery, execute one deck glaze on plain tire surface, according to firing environment an ancient unit of weight glaze generation transmutation in kiln, there will be some uncontrollable decorative pattern or color lumps, the more difficult pairing of the finished product burnt out or configure complete.Therefore, be badly in need of a kind of pottery sintering technology firing specific decorative pattern at specific position, and when needing to overcome pottery kiln discharge, glaze layer easily bursts or hacks uneven phenomenon.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve glaze colours and the more difficult control of decorative pattern in process that pottery fires, and glaze layer easily bursts and hacks the problems such as uneven during pottery kiln discharge, the present invention proposes a kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze and uses it to prepare the technique of pottery, by the formula of fixing glaze to burn out specific glaze colours, and use the mode of secondary glazing, secure the position of locus coeruleus effect, in the formula of glaze, with the addition of specific composition simultaneously, make glaze layer hack evenly but not easily burst.
The present invention is in order to realize above-mentioned technique effect, and the technical scheme taked is:
A kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze, be made up of white ground glaze and locus coeruleus glaze two portions, according to weight ratio, form the raw material of described white ground glaze glaze by the white feldspar of 42-50 part, 10-20 part quartzite, 10-20 part calcite, 3-8 part zircon, 1-5 part Copper Ores, 1-5 part zinc oxide, 1-3 part bone meal, 1-5 part glass frit, 3-8 part alkali stone and 1-5 part talcum; Wherein, alkali stone takes from ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
According to weight ratio, the raw material of described locus coeruleus glaze is made up of 50-55 part melilith, the white feldspar of 12-16 part, 10-20 part calcite, 7-13 part quartzite, 2-6 part Copper Ores, 1-5 part zinc oxide and 0.1-0.6 part stannic oxide.
White background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze is used to prepare the technique of pottery, first carcass raw material pulverizing plastotype is fired plain tire, then plain tire is immersed glazing in the slip of white ground glaze, after the slip of plain tire surface attachment white ground glaze dries, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, put it in kiln after drying and fire, obtain white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze pottery, described sintering procedure is four sections and fires:
One, pre-burned
Plain tire is put into kiln, keeps wicket to crack 2-3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 580-620 DEG C from room temperature in 2h, then closes wicket tight;
Two, oxidizing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 950-980 DEG C from 580-620 DEG C in 3-4h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage;
Three, reducing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280-1300 DEG C at 7-8h from 950-980 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage;
Four, cool
Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, pottery prepared by white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze must be used.
In the process fired, when oxidizing atmosphere used and oxygen provide abundance, the flame atmosphere in complete combustion of fuel situation, component lower for fusing point in glaze is melted by this stage, makes glaze from solidus melting one-tenth liquid phase; Reducing atmosphere used and oxygen supply deficiency, flame atmosphere in non-complete combustion of fuel situation, now can produce a large amount of carbon monoxide, there is reductive action, this stage is colour developing stage of glaze, containing a large amount of white feldspars and calcite in ground-coat enamel, fire in reducing atmosphere, show the distinctive oyster white of pottery; Containing iron ion and cobalt ion in mottled enamels, under reducing atmosphere with cupric ion jointly as developer, form the distinctive sky blue of pottery.
Preferably, oxidizing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 960 DEG C from 600 DEG C in 3h; Reducing atmosphere fires the stage, in-furnace temperature is made evenly to be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7.4h from 960 DEG C, arrive the colour temp of white feldspar and calcite, Bai Changshi and calcite be aobvious oyster white in reducing atmosphere, containing iron ion and cobalt ion in mottled enamels, under reducing atmosphere with cupric ion jointly as developer, aobvious sky blue, therefore turning fiery temperature controls comparatively strict, is optimum with 960 DEG C.If temperature continues more than 1300 DEG C to raise, then the element that in glaze, some fusing points are high may colour generation, thus causes glaze colours to change, and therefore truce temperature requirement is comparatively strict, is as the criterion with 1280 DEG C.
According to weight ratio, described carcass raw material is made up of 65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands; Wherein, kaolin, kibushi clay and quartz sand all take from ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
Wherein, alkali stone is for taking from the local a kind of caesious building stones in ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and belong to flint clay class, quality is superfine, and originate in coal, two folded coal measures bottoms, the percentage composition of main component is Al 2o 3account for 38.79%, SiO 2account for 45.65%, TiO 2account for 0.47%, Fe 2o 3account for 0.35%, CaO accounts for 0.38%, Na 2o accounts for 0.05%, MgO accounts for 0.15%, Li 2o accounts for 0.08%, impurity accounts for 14.08%.
Kibushi clay is the camwood knag taking from locality, ecliptic town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and outward appearance is generally in mulberry, brown or sorrel, and can improve chinaware body intensity, improve slip fluidity, the percentage composition of main component is SiO 2account for 60%, Al 2o 3account for 28-33%, carbonaceous humus accounts for 7-12%.
The sintering technology of described plain tire is for becoming fineness to be 250-300 object mud the mass mixing stirring ball-millings such as carcass raw material and water, then mud plastotype is used to become unpainted clay idol, unpainted clay idol enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, obtain plain tire, wherein, the plastotype mode of unpainted clay idol has perfusion and pulls two kinds, perfusion plastotype can a large amount of output is identical at short notice unpainted clay idol, and then each is all incomplete same for the unpainted clay idol pulling plastotype output, has more artistry.
The preparation process of the slip of white ground glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of white ground glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of white ground glaze, slip is 3-4mm at the thickness of plain tire surface attachment, fire rear glazed thickness comparatively suitable, both the color of plain tire can not have been exposed because of too thin, also the coloured glaze sense of an ancient unit of weight glaze itself can not be lost because of too thick, glazing techniques is leaching glaze, ensures that glazing is even, bubble-free.
The preparation process of the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of locus coeruleus glaze glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of locus coeruleus glaze, glazing techniques is some glaze, needs the local partial points occurring decorative pattern to execute slip, guarantee that the porcelain color and luster burnt out is relative with decorative pattern fixing on porcelain surface.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
A kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze of the present invention and use it to prepare the technique of pottery, adds zircon in the formula of white ground glaze, because of in zircon containing a large amount of zirconium whites and silicon oxide, in the process fired, present milkiness shape glaze colours; Zinc oxide can increase the opaque effect of glaze colours in the process of high-temperature firing, makes glaze colours have more thick and heavy sense and the background color that can cover in plain tire does not expose; Adding bone meal is jade sense in order to add glaze colours, makes the glaze colours that burns more gentle exquisitely carved; Talcum is a kind of common silicate minerals, very soft and have satiny feel, high temperature resistantly can use as refractory materials.
Containing iron ion and cobalt ion in the formula of mottled enamels, under reducing atmosphere with cupric ion jointly as developer, form the distinctive sky blue of pottery; There is oxidizing reaction or reduction reaction according to the difference of oxygen level in surrounding environment when firing in the cupric ion in Copper Ores, on locus coeruleus glaze, thus presents the spot of redness or green.
Kibushi clay is added in plain tire; there is more carbonaceous humus etc.; outward appearance darkly, brown, blue, grey isochrome; the camwood knag be when real estate used in the present invention; because of contained by it organic occur to be hydrolyzed with the alkaline matter phase interaction energy in alkali stone form protective colloid; contribute to mud processability to improve, namely increase the tensile property of plain tire, reduce the probability of the distortion of plain tire and cracking.
A kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze of the present invention and use it to prepare the technique of pottery, by adding zircon in the formula of white ground glaze, because containing a large amount of zirconium whites and silicon oxide in zircon, milkiness shape white glaze is presented in the process fired, and use the mode of secondary glazing, secure the position of locus coeruleus glaze, in the formula of glaze, with the addition of stannic oxide and the zinc oxide of specified proportion simultaneously, glaze layer is made to hack evenly but not easily burst, the present invention breaches the over-glaze decoration of general piebald porcelain employing or the coloring process of under glazed, innovation on glaze colours and coating adds the economic worth of pottery, and pottery is as the characteristic of China, also represent the advanced level of China's manufacture craft, improve the social value of pottery.
Embodiment
In conjunction with following specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following examples.Implement process of the present invention, condition, reagent, experimental technique etc., except the following content mentioned specially, be universal knowledege and the common practise of this area, the present invention is not particularly limited content.
Embodiment 1
The technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 250 orders; Pulled by gained mud and shapingly make plain tire, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 860 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation white ground glaze
Ball mill is put in 42 parts of white feldspars, 10 parts of quartzites, 10 parts of calcites, 3 parts of zircons, 1 part of Copper Ores, 1 part of zinc oxide, 1 part of bone meal, 1 part of glass frit, 3 parts of alkali stones and 1 part of talcum mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of white ground glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation locus coeruleus glaze
Ball mill is put in 50 parts of meliliths, 12 parts of white feldspars, 10 parts of calcites, 7 parts of quartzites, 2 parts of Copper Ores, 1 part of zinc oxide and 0.1 part of stannic oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of locus coeruleus glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the white ground glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and locus coeruleus glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into white ground glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 580 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 950 DEG C from 580 DEG C in 3h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7h from 950 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 2
The technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 300 orders; Make plain tire by shaping for gained slurry prime, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 880 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation white ground glaze
Ball mill is put in 43 parts of white feldspars, 12 parts of quartzites, 12 parts of calcites, 4 parts of zircons, 2 parts of Copper Ores, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 1.2 parts of bone meal, 2 parts of glass frits, 3.2 parts of alkali stones and 2 parts of talcum mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of white ground glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation locus coeruleus glaze
Ball mill is put in 53 parts of meliliths, 13 parts of white feldspars, 12 parts of calcites, 8 parts of quartzites, 3 parts of Copper Ores, 2 parts of zinc oxide and 0.2 part of stannic oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 5h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of locus coeruleus glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the white ground glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and locus coeruleus glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into white ground glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 620 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 965 DEG C from 620 DEG C in 3.8h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1285 DEG C at 7.7h from 965 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 3
The technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 250 orders; Pulled by gained mud and shapingly make plain tire, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 900 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation white ground glaze
Ball mill is put in 48 parts of white feldspars, 15 parts of quartzites, 15 parts of calcites, 6 parts of zircons, 3 parts of Copper Ores, 3 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of bone meal, 3 parts of glass frits, 6 parts of alkali stones and 3 parts of talcum mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 6h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of white ground glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation locus coeruleus glaze
Ball mill is put in 52 parts of meliliths, 14 parts of white feldspars, 15 parts of calcites, 10 parts of quartzites, 4 parts of Copper Ores, 3 parts of zinc oxide and 0.3 part of stannic oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300 object slips, then 6h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of locus coeruleus glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the white ground glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and locus coeruleus glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into white ground glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 600 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 960 DEG C from 600 DEG C in 3h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7.4h from 960 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 4
The technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 300 orders; Make plain tire by shaping for gained slurry prime, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 930 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation white ground glaze
Ball mill is put in 48 parts of white feldspars, 18 parts of quartzites, 18 parts of calcites, 7 parts of zircons, 4 parts of Copper Ores, 4 parts of zinc oxide, 2.5 parts of bone meal, 4 parts of glass frits, 7 parts of alkali stones and 4 parts of talcum mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 7h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of white ground glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation locus coeruleus glaze
Ball mill is put in 53 parts of meliliths, 15 parts of white feldspars, 18 parts of calcites, 11 parts of quartzites, 5 parts of Copper Ores, 4.2 parts of zinc oxide and 0.5 part of stannic oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 7h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of locus coeruleus glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the white ground glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and locus coeruleus glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into white ground glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 590 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 970 DEG C from 590 DEG C in 3.2h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1295 DEG C at 7.2h from 970 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.
Embodiment 5
The technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery comprises the following steps:
Step one, fire plain tire
65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands are mixed, stirs with the mass ratio of water by 1:1, obtain mixture; Mixture ball mill grinding is become mud, fine grinding 80min, fineness reaches 300 orders; Pulled by gained mud and shapingly make plain tire, plain tire enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, and cools to normal temperature with the furnace, the plain tire that must fire, for subsequent use;
Step 2, preparation white ground glaze
Ball mill is put in 50 parts of white feldspars, 20 parts of quartzites, 20 parts of calcites, 8 parts of zircons, 5 parts of Copper Ores, 5 parts of zinc oxide, 3 parts of bone meal, 5 parts of glass frits, 8 parts of alkali stones and 5 parts of talcum mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of white ground glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 3, preparation locus coeruleus glaze
Ball mill is put in 55 parts of meliliths, 16 parts of white feldspars, 20 parts of calcites, 13 parts of quartzites, 6 parts of Copper Ores, 5 parts of zinc oxide and 0.6 part of stannic oxide mixing, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 400 object slips, then 8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtain the slip of locus coeruleus glaze, for subsequent use;
Step 4, plain tire glazing
With the wet cloth of cleaning, wiping dedusting is carried out to step one gained element tire, while wiping by the white ground glaze slip of step 2 and three gained and locus coeruleus glaze slip respectively by stirring clockwise or counterclockwise, during stirring from the center of slip, and move to excircle gradually, churning time is 60min, after stirring completes, plain tire is put into white ground glaze slip, plain tire outside surface is carried out to the leaching glaze of 4 seconds, making plain tire outside surface adhere to thickness is the glaze layer of 4mm, after leaching glaze completes, leave standstill and dry, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, leave standstill and dry, for subsequent use,
Step 5, pottery are fired
To complete glazing in step 4 and kiln put into by the plain tire dried, keep wicket to crack 3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature when room temperature is evenly increased to 620 DEG C, close wicket tight in 2h; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 980 DEG C from 620 DEG C in 4h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage; Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1300 DEG C at 8h from 980 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage; Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, the pottery that white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze is fired must be used.

Claims (9)

1. a white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze, be made up of white ground glaze and locus coeruleus glaze two portions, it is characterized in that: according to weight ratio, the raw material forming described white ground glaze comprises the white feldspar of 42-50 part, 10-20 part quartzite, 10-20 part calcite, 3-8 part zircon, 1-5 part Copper Ores, 1-5 part zinc oxide, 1-3 part bone meal, 1-5 part glass frit, 3-8 part alkali stone and 1-5 part talcum; Wherein, alkali stone takes from god Hou town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
2. a kind of white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: according to weight ratio, the raw material of described locus coeruleus glaze is made up of 50-55 part melilith, the white feldspar of 12-16 part, 10-20 part calcite, 7-13 part quartzite, 2-6 part Copper Ores, 1-5 part zinc oxide and 0.1-0.6 part stannic oxide.
3. use white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze as claimed in claim 1 or 2 to prepare the technique of pottery, first carcass raw material pulverizing plastotype is fired plain tire, then plain tire is immersed glazing in the slip of white ground glaze, after the slip of plain tire surface attachment white ground glaze dries, the slip of locus coeruleus glaze is executed again in plain tire surface partial points, put it in kiln after drying and fire, obtain white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze pottery, it is characterized in that: described sintering procedure is four sections and fires:
One, pre-burned
Plain tire is put into kiln, keeps wicket to crack 2-3cm, then igniting is fired, and makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 580-620 DEG C from room temperature in 2h, then closes wicket tight;
Two, oxidizing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 950-980 DEG C from 580-620 DEG C in 3-4h, and make in kiln, to keep oxidation atmosphere in this stage;
Three, reducing atmosphere is fired
Make in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280-1300 DEG C at 7-8h from 950-980 DEG C, and make in kiln, to keep reduction atmosphere in this stage;
Four, cool
Cease fire when kiln in-furnace temperature is down to 100 DEG C, the porcelain fired is taken out, pottery prepared by white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze must be used.
4. the technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: according to weight ratio, described carcass raw material is made up of 65 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of alkali stones, 8 parts of kibushi clay and 7 parts of quartz sands; Wherein, kaolin, kibushi clay and quartz sand all take from god Hou town, Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.
5. the technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the sintering technology of described plain tire is for becoming fineness to be 250-300 object mud the mass mixing stirring ball-millings such as carcass raw material and water, then mud plastotype is used to become unpainted clay idol, unpainted clay idol enters kiln biscuiting 10h at 860-950 DEG C after leaving standstill and drying, cool to normal temperature with the furnace, obtain plain tire.
6. the technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the preparation process of described white ground glaze slip is after being mixed by the constitutive material of white ground glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtains the slip of white ground glaze.
7. the technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the preparation process of the slip of described locus coeruleus glaze is after being mixed by the constitutive material of locus coeruleus glaze, the first ball milling of the water quality such as adding wherein becomes fineness to reach 300-400 object slip, then 5-8h is left standstill, adjustment water content is 52%, obtains the slip of locus coeruleus glaze.
8. the technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described oxidizing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 960 DEG C from 600 DEG C in 3h.
9. the technique using white background locus coeruleus compound Tang Jun glaze to prepare pottery as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described reducing atmosphere fires the stage, makes in-furnace temperature evenly be increased to 1280 DEG C at 7.4h from 960 DEG C.
CN201510440203.7A 2015-07-24 2015-07-24 Complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze with blue spots in white and process for preparing jun porcelain by use of complex Tang-dynasty jun glaze Pending CN105175016A (en)

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CN106219979A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-14 温书强 A kind of white background locus coeruleus is combined pottery glaze
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CN107417105A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-12-01 禹州市神器钧窑有限公司 A kind of pottery moon white glaze
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CN108298815A (en) * 2016-03-20 2018-07-20 德化县万盛陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation process of porcelain

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CN104261878A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-07 郏县任氏瓷业有限责任公司 Novel tang-dynasty jun porcelain glaze and manufacturing process thereof
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CN105753515B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-02-09 江苏高淳陶瓷股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method of speckled glaze
CN105753515A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-07-13 江苏高淳陶瓷股份有限公司 Preparation method of speckled glaze
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CN106365614A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 温书强 Manufacturing method of furnishing artistic Jun porcelain
CN106630622A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 成都旭光电子股份有限公司 Opaque glaze, and preparation method and application of opaque glaze
CN106630622B (en) * 2016-12-29 2019-06-14 成都旭光电子股份有限公司 A kind of opaque glaze and its preparation method and application
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CN107602152B (en) * 2017-09-28 2021-04-13 禹州市正玉钧窑有限公司 Green and white glaze for Jun porcelain and process for preparing Jun porcelain by using green and white glaze for Jun porcelain
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Application publication date: 20151223