CN102584351A - Method for preparing jadeite microcrystal glass ceramic composite board - Google Patents

Method for preparing jadeite microcrystal glass ceramic composite board Download PDF

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CN102584351A
CN102584351A CN2012100032361A CN201210003236A CN102584351A CN 102584351 A CN102584351 A CN 102584351A CN 2012100032361 A CN2012100032361 A CN 2012100032361A CN 201210003236 A CN201210003236 A CN 201210003236A CN 102584351 A CN102584351 A CN 102584351A
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ground
coat enamel
ceramic
beautiful matter
matter glass
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CN102584351B (en
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戴长禄
杨林
杨明
杨勇
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GUANGDONG BODE FINE BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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GUANGDONG BODE FINE BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for preparing a jadeite microcrystal glass ceramic composite board, and relates to the technical field of building materials. The method comprises the following steps of: on the basis of a key technology of 'jadeite microcrystal glass clinker dry granules obtained by selecting materials within a preset range of product ingredients', applying a ground coat on a ceramic blank to obtain a ground coat blank, and printing textile printing glaze on the ground coat blank to obtain an over-glaze colored ceramic blank; applying the jadeite microcrystal glass clinker dry granules on the over-glaze colored ceramic blank to obtain over-glaze colored clinker dry granular greenware, spraying methylcellulose for fixing to obtain greenware to be fired; and firing the greenware to be fired to obtain a semi-finished product, strickling, calibrating thickness, polishing coarsely, polishing finely, edging, chamfering, airing, sorting, performing color separation, and grading to prepare a finished product of the jadeite microcrystal glass ceramic composite board. The method is used for producing jadeite microcrystal glass ceramic composite boards, and adapts to a primary or secondary sintering process; and the product is high in quality, high in surface strength and wear resistance and wide in application range, and has a unique jadeite texture and a high comprehensive benefit.

Description

Beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method
Technical field
The beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate of the present invention preparation method relates to building materials technology field; Be particularly related to the building materials technology field of glass-ceramic; Relate in particular to the working method technical field of glass-ceramic building material product; Be specifically related to beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method technical field.
Background technology
The surface of the transparent glass ceramics of popular onglazed in the market composite board product all is glass dry granular materials of compound a kind of highly transparent; It can make the floral designs on ceramic product surface clearly display; Has higher stone material fidelity; It is high to add the product glossiness, and antifouling plurality of advantages such as easy clean receives consumers in general's favor over nearly 1 year.But the deficiency of its existence, defective and drawback are: do not possess that unique jade texture, surface strength and wear resistance are slightly poor, manufacture craft or for once-firing or for twice firing can not once-firing or twice firing all adapts to, the scope of application has received certain limitation.Seeing that contriver's expertise is with the rich experiences of being engaged in industry work and to the excelsior unremitting pursue of cause; The present invention is exactly conscientious and on sufficient investigation, understanding, analysis, summary, the existing known technology of research and the present situation basis; With " selecting the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique, succeeded in developing the present invention.The present invention aims to provide a kind of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit and uses beautiful matter glass ceramics frit and prepares beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate; Make it both keep the plurality of advantages of onglazed transparent glass ceramics composition board; Have unique jade texture again, this glass ceramics frit increases the surface strength of ceramic product and wear resisting property because phase-splitting produces crystallite simultaneously, thereby has improved the inner quality of product; Enlarged the use range of product; Deficiency, defective and the drawback of existing known technology and present situation existence overcome and solved, improved the technology content of industry product, favorable economic benefit and market outlook had.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is with " selecting the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique; Beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method is provided; The printing glaze is processed the onglazed greenwave again after implementing ground-coat enamel on the ceramic green to process the ground-coat enamel base, after the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of charity on onglazed greenwave dry granular is processed onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, sprays methylcellulose gum and fixes and process greenwave to be burnt and be fired into work in-process and be prepared into beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product through scraping to calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification.
1., with " selecting the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique the purpose that reaches through the present invention is:, beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method is provided.2., through selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range, so that obtain to meet the product of constant high quality requirement; Be that product can guarantee quality product in the composition range of design in advance.3., make production not only adapt to single firing process but also adapt to double-firing process and conveniently make and realize standardization, mass-producing, standardized production.4., make the production technique of product in the selection, composition range of product materials in product in the composition range, the composition range, the general idea that organically blends is scientific and reasonable, method is simple, effect stability is reliable.5., can make the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound finished product obtain the seldom surface of pore.6., make good product quality, possess that unique jade texture, surface strength and wear resistance are high, applied range, the state of the art and the comprehensive benefit that effectively improve industry are high.7., the melting temperature of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular is high, discharge gas easily, do not react with the pattern of onglazed ceramic body, thereby keep the clear of these patterns.8., make that ceramic green has enough green strengths (making it to accomplish smoothly the operation of printing, transportation), volatile gases (comprising organic matter) is low as far as possible, free air delivery is little, easy oxidation, characteristics such as be fit to comparatively fast burn till, help shortening firing period.9., make ground-coat enamel on thermal expansivity, mate base substrate, have high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable degree of mobilization, good suspension ... etc. characteristics; And the match with ceramic base substrate has can print higher, good aesthetic beauty of artistry and ornamental and stable printing pattern.10., the composition that makes beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate in the composition range that is designed in advance, accomplish every batch of product can both the quality high-quality, quality unification, constant mass, reliable in quality; The cycle that mass-producing and standardization are produced is short, power consumption is low, saving of work and time, production efficiency is high, cost is low, help wide popularization and application.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
1., prepare beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular: evenly send in the cell furnace as raw materials mix less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, each 80-700 kilogram of calcium phosphate with fineness degree and melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 250-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 30-8%, P 2O 5The beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of the 30-200 order of 0-5% and moisture<0.5% dry granular is for use;
2., preparation ceramic green: with granularity less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum through mixing as the ceramic green raw material; In said ceramic green raw material; Add an amount of water, and impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding be as water reducer, the quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material; Through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, and again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And a kind of in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer; The quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 2It is that the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve is for use that 3-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried said ceramic green; Use pouring glaze machine and implement said ground-coat enamel; Promptly 65-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing said ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 60 ± 1 grams, it is for use to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., preparation onglazed greenwave: utilize roller or silk screen; On the surface of said ground-coat enamel base; With the mode of printing, print that modulate, that have color, that printability is good, various printing glazes, be prepared into that to have the onglazed greenwave that enriches design and color for use;
6., preparation onglazed frit dry granular greenwave: use dry type leather belt material distributing machine or other forms of conveyor, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular on said onglazed greenwave, it is for use to be prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: with the mode of spray; To spray as the methylated cellulose aqueous solution of stationary liquid on the surface of said onglazed frit dry granular greenwave; Make the said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular on the said onglazed greenwave be able to fix, be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave for use;
8., the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of preparation: greenwave said to be burnt is put into roller kiln; In temperature is that 1100-1200 ℃, time are under 60-180 minute the condition; Greenwave said to be burnt is fired, and it is for use to be prepared into beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process;
9., the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of preparation: said beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process are scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification, be prepared into beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound jade matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product.
Described beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of said preparation 1. dry granular, said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate consumption is separately all confirmed in the said composition range that sets beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular in advance;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
Described beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.
Principle of the present invention is:
The key of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit is to let frit divide the phase transformation milkiness, and produces crystallite, and the refractive index of this crystallite should be too not high.If refractive index is too high, according to light scattering theory, can produce strong scattering, cause opacity high, beautiful texture is reduced, even become opaque.For this reason, we to select calcium phosphate be the opacifying agent of phase-splitting.One of its reason is that phosphorus is four coordinations in silicate glass; Phosphorus itself is again+5 valency valence states; Therefore form asymmetric phosphorus oxygen tetrahedron; Be in four keys of phosphorus and oxygen; One of them key is two keys; I.e. this asymmetric tetrahedron, the symmetric silicon-oxy tetrahedron that in the glass structure of silicate, distributes lining is easy to phase-splitting; Two of its reason is in the higher silicate glasses of calcium contents, and phosphorus is very easy to generate the calcium phosphate crystallite with calcium, and calcium phosphate crystallite refractive index is 1.59-1.62, an average refractive index (1.55) a little more than silicate glass.Satisfied the milkiness condition that produces beautiful texture.In addition, the frit melting temperature that also should begin is higher, and the sintering posterior spiracle is few and do not react with the onglazed pattern color.Through test of many times, summary, we have found out the chemical ingredients scope of the glass ceramics frit with These characteristics: SiO 250-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 30-8%, P 2O 50-5%.To meet mentioned component; Fineness mixes less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate; Send in the cell furnace and melt, glass melting temperature 1520-1600 ℃.The melt that fusing is good obtains 30-200 purpose frit dry granular after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening.Then, through the dry type material distributing machine, on the ceramic body of printed floral designs, be uniformly distributed with the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular for preparing, the cloth amount is 3.5-6Kg/m 2, spray stationary liquid then and fix, reenter roller kiln and burn till.The top temperature of burning till is 1100-1200 ℃, and firing period is 60-180 minute.Work in-process after burning till are calmed down thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, color separation, classification operation through scraping again, make beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound jade matter glass-ceramic clad plate product.
Owing to adopted technical scheme provided by the invention; Because the present invention has adopted " selecting the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique; Because principle of work of the present invention is said; Because the present invention's printing glaze after implementing ground-coat enamel on the ceramic green to process the ground-coat enamel base is processed the onglazed greenwave again, after the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of charity on onglazed greenwave dry granular is processed onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, spray methylcellulose gum and fix and process greenwave to be burnt and be fired into work in-process and be prepared into beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification through scraping to calm down.Make the present invention compare with existing known technology and present situation, the beneficial effect of acquisition is:
1, the present invention provides beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method with " selecting the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique.
2, characteristics of the present invention are following: 1. the composition of frit of the present invention is the most key, and it adopts the opacifying agent of calcium phosphate as frit, makes the frit phase-splitting, thereby makes frit obtain the texture of jade; The usage quantity of calcium phosphate is 0-5%; The beginning melting temperature of frit is higher simultaneously, helps exhaust.2. frit flexibility of the present invention is strong, and firing range is wide.The beautiful matter crystallite glass composite plate of the onglazed product that both had been suitable for once-firing also is suitable for the beautiful matter crystallite glass composite plate of the onglazed product of twice firing.
3, the present invention can obtain to meet the product of constant high quality requirement through to select material in the predetermined prod chemical ingredients scope with this; Be that product can guarantee product constant high quality in designed chemical composition range in advance.
4, the present invention can make production not only adapt to single firing process but also adapt to double-firing process and conveniently make and realized standardization, mass-producing, standardized production.
5, the present invention is with the production of product in the selection of product materials in the product in the chemical ingredients scope, the chemical ingredients scope, the chemical ingredients scope; It is as a whole to organically blend, and it organically blends, and whole design is scientific and reasonable, method is simple, effect stability is reliable.
6, the present invention can make beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate of onglazed ceramic body compound finished product obtain the seldom surface of pore.
7, the present invention makes the quality of product good, possesses that unique jade texture, surface strength and wear resistance are all high, range of application is wider, effectively raises the state of the art of industry, can obtain overall economic efficiency preferably.
8, among the present invention the melting temperature of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular high, easily discharge gas, do not react with the pattern of onglazed ceramic body, thereby keep the clear of these patterns.
9, the present invention makes that ceramic green has enough green strengths (making it to accomplish smoothly the operation of printing, transportation), volatile gases (comprising organic matter) is low as far as possible, free air delivery is little, easy oxidation, characteristics such as is fit to comparatively fast burn till, and is beneficial to the shortening firing period.
10, the present invention makes ground-coat enamel on thermal expansivity, mate base substrate, has high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable degree of mobilization, good suspension ... etc. characteristics; And the match with ceramic base substrate has can print higher, good aesthetic beauty of artistry and ornamental and stable printing pattern.
11, the technology of the preparation ceramic green among the present invention, preparation ground-coat enamel technology, preparation ground-coat enamel base technology, preparation onglazed greenwave technology are the prior art that the applicant has applied for patent, have the beneficial effect of being convenient to implement.
12, firing temperature of the present invention is 1100-1200 ℃, and firing period is 60-180 minute, and the water-intake rate that burns till the back product is 0.04-0.10%.Obtain efficient energy-saving, reduced the beneficial effect that discharges, protects environment, low-carbon (LC) production, low-carbon (LC) life.
13, the present invention make beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate composition in the composition range that is designed in advance, accomplish every batch of product can both the quality high-quality, quality unification, constant mass, reliable in quality; The cycle that mass-producing and standardization are produced is short, power consumption is low, saving of work and time, production efficiency is high, cost is low, help wide popularization and application.
Description of drawings
Figure of description is the technological operation step window synoptic diagram of the specific embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is described in detail.Shown in Figure of description:
A kind of beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
1., prepare beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular: evenly send in the cell furnace as raw materials mix less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, each 80-700 kilogram of calcium phosphate with fineness degree and melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 250-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 30-8%, P 2O 5The beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of the 30-200 order of 0-5% and moisture<0.5% dry granular is for use;
2., preparation ceramic green: with granularity less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum through mixing as the ceramic green raw material; In said ceramic green raw material; Add an amount of water, and impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding be as water reducer, the quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material; Through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, and again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And a kind of in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer; The quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 2It is that the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve is for use that 3-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried said ceramic green; Use pouring glaze machine and implement said ground-coat enamel; Promptly 65-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing said ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 60 ± 1 grams, it is for use to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., preparation onglazed greenwave: utilize roller or silk screen; On the surface of said ground-coat enamel base; With the mode of printing, print that modulate, that have color, that printability is good, various printing glazes, be prepared into that to have the onglazed greenwave that enriches design and color for use;
6., preparation onglazed frit dry granular greenwave: use dry type leather belt material distributing machine or other forms of conveyor, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular on said onglazed greenwave, it is for use to be prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: with the mode of spray; To spray as the methylated cellulose aqueous solution of stationary liquid on the surface of said onglazed frit dry granular greenwave; Make the said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular on the said onglazed greenwave be able to fix, be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave for use;
8., the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of preparation: greenwave said to be burnt is put into roller kiln; In temperature is that 1100-1200 ℃, time are under 60-180 minute the condition; Greenwave said to be burnt is fired, and it is for use to be prepared into beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process;
9., the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of preparation: said beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process are scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification, be prepared into beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound jade matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product.
Described beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of said preparation 1. dry granular, said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate consumption is separately all confirmed in the said composition range that sets beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular in advance;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
Described beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.
Annotate: what the above-mentioned practical implementation of the present invention was adopted is single firing process; If the employing double-firing process, embodiment of the present invention smoothly because double-firing process is more known in the present technique field, just has not been described in detail at this too.
In above-mentioned practical implementation process, that is:
1, in the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of said preparation 1. dry granular: said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate are implemented with 80,100,120,150,180,200,230,250,270,300,330,360,380,400,420,440,460,480,500,530,580,600,620,660,680,700 kilograms respectively; Said temperature of fusion is implemented with 1520,1530,1540,1550,1560,1570,1580,1590,1600 ℃ respectively; To SiO in the said composition range 2Implement Al with 50,55,60,65,70% respectively 2O 3Implement with 5,7,10,12,15,18,20% respectively, CaO implements with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, and MgO implements K with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, and BaO implements B with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O 3Implement P with 0,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O 5Implement with 0,1,2,3,4,5% respectively; Said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate consumption separately adjusted in the composition range of the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of said acquisition dry granular implement; Fineness degree to said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular is implemented with 30,40,50,80,100,120,140,160,180,200 orders respectively; All received expected effect.
2, in said preparation ceramic green 2.: said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum are implemented with 385,400,500,600,700,800,900,1000,1500,2000,2500,3000,3500,4000,4500,5000,5500,6000,6500,7000,7500,8000,8500,9000,9300,9500,9800,10000,12000,12250 kilograms respectively; Said water reducer is implemented with alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP combination; Quantity to said water reducer is implemented with 0.3,0.4,0.5% of ceramic green raw material respectively; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is implemented with 5.5,5.6,5.7,5.8,5.9,6.0,6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5% respectively; To the SiO in the said ceramic green composition that makes 2Implement Al with 66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75% respectively 2O 3Implement with 15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25% respectively; CaO+MgO implements K with 0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2.0,2.5,3.0,3.5,4.0,4.3,4.5,4.7,4.8,5.0% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively, and water reducer is implemented with 0,0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2.0% respectively; Kaolin in the said ceramic green raw material is implemented by black mud is alternative; Said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed to implement in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance; All received expected effect.
3, in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the calcined kaolin in the said ground-coat enamel raw material, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline are implemented with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30 kilograms respectively; Said water reducer is implemented with alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP respectively; Quantity to said thickening material and water reducer is implemented with 0.3,0.4,0.5% of ground-coat enamel raw material respectively; To the SiO in the said ground-coat enamel composition that makes 2Implement Al with 40,45,50,55,60% respectively 2O 3Implement with 15,18,20,23,25% respectively, CaO implements with 5,8,10,12,15% respectively, and MgO implements K with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, and ZnO implements ZrO with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2Implement with 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12% respectively, water reducer and thickening material are implemented with 0,0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2% respectively; The said pulpous state ground-coat enamel finish fineness that makes surplused with 10000-hole sieve respectively 0.4,0.5% implement; Flow velocity to said pulpous state ground-coat enamel finished product was implemented with grace formula viscosity respectively in 16,17,18 seconds; Said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed to implement in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance; All received expected effect.
4, in the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate of said preparation 8. work in-process: greenwave said to be burnt is put into the temperature that roller kiln fire implement with 1100,1120,1140,1150,1155,1160,1180,1200 ℃ respectively, the time of firing implemented with 60,80,100,120,140,160,180 minutes respectively; All received expected effect.
Embodiment two
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just:
1, in the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of said preparation 1. dry granular: press SiO 256.53%, Al 2O 39.92%, CaO 5.53%, MgO 6.12%, K 2O+Na 2O 6.25%, BaO 5.86%, B 2O 36.71%, P 2O 53.08%, choose corresponding proportion, less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, rhombspar, soda ash, barium carbonate, boric acid, saltpetre, calcium phosphate, prepare burden.In mixer, mixed 30 minutes, in 22 square metres tank furnace, found, glass melting temperature is 1580 ℃, and about 24 hours of material stock time, the liquation after the clarification makes 30-200 purpose glass pellet through shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening.Then, through the dry type material distributing machine, on the ceramic body of printed floral designs, be uniformly distributed with the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular for preparing, the cloth amount is 3.5-6Kg/m 2, spray stationary liquid then and fix, reenter roller kiln and burn till.The top temperature of burning till is 1100-1200 ℃, and firing period is 60-180 minute.Work in-process after burning till are calmed down operations such as thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, color separation, classification through scraping again, make beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound jade matter glass-ceramic clad plate product.Its said quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, rhombspar, soda ash, barium carbonate, boric acid, saltpetre, calcium phosphate consumption are separately all confirmed in the said composition range that sets beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular in advance and are implemented.Received expected effect.
2, in said preparation ceramic green 2.: (1), weigh 35000 kilograms less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, every batch of talcum proportioning raw material with granularity; Through mixing, in said ceramic green raw material, add an amount of water as the ceramic green raw material; And impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding is as water reducer; The quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material, and through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping, the moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%; Again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5%.(2), said kaolin selects to be replaced by black mud.(3), make loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green.(4), said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption separately is and in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance, confirms and implement.Received expected effect equally.
3, in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: (1), weigh 100 kilograms less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, every batch of nepheline proportioning raw material with fineness degree; Through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And add alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer, the quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 23-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness is the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve.(2), the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.(3), said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance and are implemented.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment three
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but with embodiment one different outside be the prescription of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit.The system component of its beautiful matter glass ceramics frit is SiO 253.21%, Al 2O 39.85%, CaO 5.90%, MgO 5.14%, K 2O+Na 2O 8.22%, BaO 7.56%, B 2O 36.99%, P 2O 53.13%.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment four
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but with embodiment one different outside be the prescription of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit.The system component of its beautiful matter glass ceramics frit is SiO 256.53%, Al 2O 39.92%, CaO 5.53%, MgO 6.12%, K 2O+Na 2O 6.25%, BaO 5.86%, B 2O 36.71%, P 2O 53.08%.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment five
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but with embodiment one different outside be the prescription of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit.The system component of its beautiful matter glass ceramics frit is SiO 258.19%, Al 2O 39.66%, CaO 5.32%, MgO 5.24%, K 2O+Na 2O 8.12%, BaO 6.53%, B 2O 35.74%, P 2O 51.20%.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment six
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but with embodiment one different outside be the prescription of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit.The system component of its beautiful matter glass ceramics frit is SiO 262.08%, Al 2O 38.10%, CaO 6.57%, MgO 4.58%, K 2O+Na 2O 7.12%, BaO 4.23%, B 2O 35.47%, P 2O 51.85%.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment seven
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ceramic green 2.: the composition of ceramic green is set at SiO 267.72%, Al 2O 319.82%, CaO+MgO 2.62%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.37%, Fe 2O 30.64%, TiO 20.21%; Loss on ignition 3.62%; According to the composition that ceramic green sets, choose granularity that ceramic green sets the composition corresponding proportion less than 1 millimeter black mud, kaolin, high temperature sand, middle temperature sand, hypothermia grait, potassium sand, talcum as the ceramic green raw material, weigh 35000 kilograms after mixing for every batch; Tripoly phosphate sodium STPP and 0.2% soda ash that adds ceramic green raw material weight 0.4% is as water reducer, add the water of 0.55 times of ceramic green raw material weight simultaneously; To become fineness be the mud of the surplus 0.5-1% of 10000-hole sieve to ball milling in ball mill, again through mist projection granulating, processes the powder that water content is 5.5-6.5%.Utilize the automatic hydraulic press of 40Mpa to mold the ceramic green of 930 * 930mm specification again.After drying, use.
In above-mentioned practical implementation process: except that implementing, also said tripoly phosphate sodium STPP and soda ash are replaced with soda ash, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP respectively as water reducer and implement by embodiment one; The fineness that also ball milling in the being set forth in ball mill is become mud is surplused with 10000-hole sieve respectively and 0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0% is implemented; Also the moisture content of said powder is implemented with 5.5,5.6,5.7,5.8,5.9,6.0,6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5% respectively; Obtained expected effect.
Embodiment eight
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ceramic green 2.: the composition of ceramic green is set at SiO 2Be 66.23%, Al 2O 3Be 20.43%, CaO+MgO is 2.88%, K 2O+Na 2O is 5.24%, Fe 2O 3Be 0.89%, TiO 2Be 0.28%, loss on ignition is 4.05%; Obtained expected effect equally.
Embodiment nine
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the composition of ground-coat enamel is set at SiO 254.40%, Al 2O 313.86%, CaO 8.12%, MgO 4.67%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.72%, ZnO 3.80%, ZrO 28.52%, TiO 20.24%, Fe 2O 30.06%; Loss on ignition 0.61%; The granularity of choosing corresponding proportion less than 100 purpose ball clays, calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, nepheline, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, burn talcum proportioning raw material as the ground-coat enamel raw material, by after the corresponding mixed, add an amount of water reducer, thickening material and an amount of water; Go into the ball mill ball milling and wear into the glaze slip that fineness is the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve, the glaze slip flow velocity is adjusted into 16-18 second.Obtained expected effect equally.
Embodiment ten
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the composition of ground-coat enamel is set at SiO 257.66%, Al 2O 312.44%, CaO 6.77%, MgO 5.37%, K 2O+Na 2O 6.02%, ZnO 4.27%, ZrO 26.21%, TiO 20.16%, Fe 2O 30.28%, loss on ignition 0.82%.Printing glaze is shallow coffee, middle coffee and dark coffee color, and silk screen or roller pattern are net-like pattern, so just produce beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of the once-firing of Emperador shape decorative pattern and the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate of onglazed ceramic body compound product.Obtained expected effect.
Embodiment 11
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., press SiO 267.72%, Al 2O 319.82%, CaO+MgO 2.62%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.37%, Fe 2O 30.64%, TiO 20.21%; Loss on ignition 3.62%, the granularity of choosing corresponding proportion is less than raw materials such as 1 millimeter black mud, kaolin, high temperature sand, middle temperature sand, hypothermia grait, potassium sand, talcums, by after the corresponding mixed; The water that adds 0.55 times of an amount of water reducer, base substrate toughener and raw material weight; To become fineness be the mud of the surplus 0.5-1% of 10000-hole sieve to ball milling in ball mill, again through mist projection granulating, processes the powder that water content is 5.5-6.5%; Utilize the automatic hydraulic press of 40Mpa pressure to mold the ceramic green of 930 * 930mm specification again; For use after drying;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., press SiO 254.40%, Al 2O 313.86%, CaO8.12%, MgO 4.67%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.72%, ZnO 3.80%, ZrO 28.52%, TiO 20.24%, Fe 2O 30.06%; Loss on ignition 0.61%, the granularity of choosing corresponding proportion is less than raw materials such as 100 purpose ball clays, calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, nepheline, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, burning talcums, by after the corresponding mixed; Add an amount of water reducer; Thickening material and an amount of water are gone into the ball mill ball milling and are worn into the glaze slip that fineness is the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve, and the glaze slip flow velocity is adjusted into 16-18 second;
Through purging (the green compact temperature is controlled at 65-70 ℃) behind the deashing, spray clear water 10g (measurements of 300 * 300 pallets) earlier adopts and drenches the glaze machine and execute the good ground-coat enamel of above-prepared with above-mentioned dried ceramic green, and glaze volume is 60 ± 1 to restrain (300 * 300 pallet); And then the printing glaze that has shallow orchid, light gray, dark-grey color that utilizes roller or silk screen to modulate, be imprinted on the ceramic green surface of having executed ground-coat enamel, so demonstrating background color, the ceramic green surface is white, have the marbled pattern of shallow blue gray tone lines;
Next, through the dry type material distributing machine, the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular for preparing on the cloth equably on the ceramic green surface of having printed floral designs, the cloth amount is 4.0-4.5Kg/m 2, to spray stationary liquid then and fix, the consumption of stationary liquid is 15-20g (measurement of 300 * 300 pallets), reenters roller kiln and burns till, and firing period is 150 minutes, and the top temperature of burning till is about 1200 ℃; Work in-process after the burning are calmed down operations such as thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, classification, packing through scraping again, make a beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound jade matter glass-ceramic clad plate product at last.
Embodiment 12
Implement by embodiment one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, 11; Shown in Figure of description; Just: on embodiment one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, 11 scale basis; Respectively to dwindle 10,8,6,5,4,3,2,1 times and enlarge 1,2,3,5,8,10,12,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50 times respectively and implement; Make the present invention possess the solid foundation of original reason test, laboratory test, small-scale test, expanding test, medium-sized test, large-scale experiment, Production Type Test; Possessed solid foundation, possessed the operability of practical implementation under theory instructs, for wide popularization and application has been established solid basis from theory into action.
The present invention has carried out property on probation examination, and property examination on probation comprises from being tested to the whole process of production; The present invention is through the single test of the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular of preparation, ceramic green, ground-coat enamel; On the single test basis; It is preferred to carry out single test; Preferred single test is optimized combination; Through after the optimum combination of single test; Carried out up to a hundred times research experiment enforcement respectively with single firing process, double-firing process, all produced " the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound " finished product, made the gordian technique of " beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular " ripe more; Make by " beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular " " beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method " that gordian technique constituted more reliable and more stable, from realized improving the industry technology level in fact, improved the quality of products, the purpose of efficient energy-saving, minimizing discharging, protection environment, low-carbon (LC) production, low-carbon (LC) life.
More than being merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not that the present invention is done any pro forma restriction; But the those of ordinary skill of all industry is all implemented with the above shown in the by specification accompanying drawing swimmingly; But the equivalent variations of making differentiation not breaking away from technical scheme of the present invention is equivalent embodiment of the present invention, all still belongs to technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method is characterized in that:
1., prepare beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular: evenly send in the cell furnace as raw materials mix less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, each 80-700 kilogram of calcium phosphate with fineness degree and melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 250-70%, A1 2O 35-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 30-8%, P 2O 5The beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of the 30-200 order of 0-5% and moisture<0.5% dry granular is for use;
2., preparation ceramic green: with granularity less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum through mixing as the ceramic green raw material; In said ceramic green raw material; Add an amount of water, and impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding be as water reducer, the quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material; Through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, and again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And a kind of in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer; The quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 2It is that the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve is for use that 3-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried said ceramic green; Use pouring glaze machine and implement said ground-coat enamel; Promptly 65-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing said ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 60 ± 1 grams, it is for use to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., preparation onglazed greenwave: utilize roller or silk screen; On the surface of said ground-coat enamel base; With the mode of printing, print that modulate, that have color, that printability is good, various printing glazes, be prepared into that to have the onglazed greenwave that enriches design and color for use;
6., preparation onglazed frit dry granular greenwave: use dry type leather belt material distributing machine, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular on said onglazed greenwave, it is for use to be prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: with the mode of spray; To spray as the methylated cellulose aqueous solution of stationary liquid on the surface of said onglazed frit dry granular greenwave; Make the said beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular on the said onglazed greenwave be able to fix, be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave for use;
8., the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of preparation: greenwave said to be burnt is put into roller kiln; In temperature is that 1100-1200 ℃, time are under 60-180 minute the condition; Greenwave said to be burnt is fired, and it is for use to be prepared into beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process;
9., the beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of preparation: said beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process are scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification, be prepared into beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound jade matter glass-ceramic clad plate finished product.
2. beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
In the beautiful matter glass ceramics frit of said preparation 1. dry granular, said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate consumption is separately all confirmed in the said composition range that sets beautiful matter glass ceramics frit dry granular in advance;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
3. beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.
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CN106270773A (en) * 2015-06-03 2017-01-04 江苏友和工具有限公司 A kind of coating saw blade
CN106698950A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-24 尹念党 Diamond microcrystalline material and a preparation method and application thereof
CN109824270A (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-05-31 佛山市禅城区科捷陶瓷原料有限公司 A kind of decorative brick of diamond flash effect, colored dry granular and preparation method thereof
CN112876079A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-06-01 佛山市道氏科技有限公司 Frit crystal, ice crystal dry particle and ceramic tile thereof

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