CN102746031B - Preparation method of high-fidelity imitation jade microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board - Google Patents

Preparation method of high-fidelity imitation jade microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board Download PDF

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CN102746031B
CN102746031B CN 201210196180 CN201210196180A CN102746031B CN 102746031 B CN102746031 B CN 102746031B CN 201210196180 CN201210196180 CN 201210196180 CN 201210196180 A CN201210196180 A CN 201210196180A CN 102746031 B CN102746031 B CN 102746031B
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ground
fidelity
coat enamel
ceramic
glass
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CN 201210196180
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CN102746031A (en
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戴长禄
杨明
杨勇
冉云州
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广东博德精工建材有限公司
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Abstract

A preparation method of a high-fidelity imitation jade microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board relates to the technical field of building materials. A key technology of material selection in a predetermined product component range is adopted, dry frit ceramic blank granules prepared from dry frits are arranged on a ceramic biscuit, the ceramic biscuit is sprayed with a fixing liquid, and is sintered to prepare a semi-finished product, and the semi-finished product undergoes strickling thicknessing, rough polishing, fine polishing, edging, chamfering, air drying, picking, color separation and grading to prepare the high-fidelity imitation jade microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board having the texture of jade. The preparation method is used for producing the high-fidelity imitation jade microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board. The composite board prepared through the preparation method has the advantages of good quality, unique jade sense, wide application range, and high comprehensive benefits.

Description

High fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method
Technical field
High fidelity of the present invention is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method, relates to building materials technology field; Be particularly related to the building materials technology field of glass-ceramic; Relate in particular to the production method technical field of glass-ceramic building material product; Be specifically related to the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method technical field of high fidelity.
Background technology
Enterprise as professional production ceramic clad plate and artwork, the applicant will research and develop product innovation all the time as the aim of enterprise development, therefore, to on first, second and third product basis of having applied for a patent in generation, again on January 9th, 2012 with application number be 2,012 1,000 3236.1, name is called " beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method " and carried out patent application.Present patent application is exactly the substantial improvements to above-mentioned patent application.Because, in recent years, surging along with the folk-collection upsurge, the price of jade handicraft also with one of the road high; The inspiration that natural characteristics such as the quality of jade, color, decorative pattern, pattern are inspiring sculptor, artist, Parnassus always is for common people have stayed a large amount of fine pieces of writing relevant with jade.The jade culture is not only with a long history in China, and has a far reaching influence, and becomes the important component part of the magnificent culture of the Chinese nation.For this reason, the applicant is under " plan of the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate of development high fidelity ", be maternal with the natural jade, utilize the cloth technology and equipment of modern high technology, develop the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate of high fidelity, make it possess unique jade sense, improve class and the added value of Seiko jade product with this, organically combine together thereby just will promote brand influence and the market competitiveness effectively and satisfy human consumer's different needs and serve society with the high-quality product of novelty.So the expertise that present patent application just is based on the contriver and abundant working experience and to the unremitting pursue of cause, on conscientious and sufficient investigation, understanding, analysis, summary, the existing known technology of research and present situation basis, with " selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique, succeed in developing.Thereby improved the inner quality of product, overcome and solved deficiency, defective and the drawback of existing known technology and present situation existence, improved the technology content of industry product, had favorable economic benefit and market outlook.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is with " selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique, provide high fidelity to imitate beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method, after spraying stationary liquid again, the frit dry granular greenwave that charity frit dry granular on the biscuit of ceramics is made is fired into work in-process, work in-process are calmed down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification through scraping, and make the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of the high fidelity with jade texture and texture.
1., with " selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique the purpose that reaches by the present invention is:, provide high fidelity to imitate beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method.2., by selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range, in order to obtain to meet the product that constant high quality requires; Be that product can guarantee quality product in the composition range of design in advance.3., standardization, mass-producing, standardized production are made and realized to jade sense and the convenience that makes product have unique jade texture and texture.4., make the production technique of product in the selection, composition range of product materials in product in the composition range, the composition range, the general idea that organically blends is scientific and reasonable, method is simple, effect stability is reliable.5., devitrified glass use calcium phosphate and (or) Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) does opacifying agent, makes devitrified glass produce phase-splitting, crystallization, form the turbid state of gala, thereby make product have the effect of jade texture.Be the outstanding feature of frit dry granular be to use calcium phosphate and (or) Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) makes opacifying agent, therefore, its milkiness state that is translucent at cloth, after burning till has jade texture.Simultaneously, its beginning melting temperature is higher, discharges gas when burning till easily, is difficult for forming bubble and pore.In addition, it is complementary aspect the hot expansibility with treating compound ceramic body simultaneously.6., the apparatus for distributing that utilizes automatization goes out to have the pattern of stone texture with the glass ceramics frit dry granular of various different colors at biscuit of ceramics surface cloth, thereby has improved aesthstic performance and the decorative aesthetics of product.7., ceramic green have enough green strengths, suitable firing temperature, with characteristics such as imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit matched coefficient of thermal expansion.8., ground-coat enamel has and base substrate, imitative beautiful devitrified glass matched coefficient of thermal expansion, high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable degree of mobilization, good characteristics such as suspension.9., the composition that makes the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate of high fidelity in designed in advance composition range, accomplish every batch of product can both the quality high-quality, quality unification, constant mass, reliable in quality; The power consumption that mass-producing and standardization are produced is low, saving of work and time, production efficiency height, cost are low, be conducive to wide popularization and application.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
1., preparation frit dry granular: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, each 80-700 kilogram of Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) as raw material, the metal oxide that adds described raw material weight 0-10%, send in the cell furnace after mixing and melt, temperature of fusion is 1500-1580 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 255-75%, Al 2O 38-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-6%, K 2O+Na 2O 0-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 38-18%, P 2O 50-5%, F -The 40-200 purpose frit dry granular of 0-3% and moisture<0.5% is stand-by;
2., preparation ceramic green: with the kaolin of granularity less than 1 millimeter, clay, quartzy, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum is through mixing as the ceramic green raw material, in described ceramic green raw material, add an amount of water, and the impartial alkali that adds, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP is as water reducer, the quantity that adds described water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of described ceramic green raw material, through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping, moisture after the described spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then the dry composition range that makes of drying kiln drying is SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-23%, CaO+MgO 0.3-4.5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 3.0-7.0%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is stand-by;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material, in described ground-coat enamel raw material, add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water, and a kind of as water reducer in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, the quantity that adds described thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of described ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 316-26%, CaO 0-12%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 5-10%, ZnO 0-10%, ZrO 25-15%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-1% and fineness is all stand-by by the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of 200 eye mesh screens;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried described ceramic green, use pouring glaze machine and implement described ground-coat enamel, namely 60-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing described ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 65 ± 1 grams, it is stand-by to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., the preparation biscuit of ceramics: described ground-coat enamel base is put into roller kiln, temperature be 1120-1220 ℃, firing period be fired under 70-110 minute the condition that to make its water-intake rate be 0.05-0.08%, planeness for the biscuit of ceramics the in-0.5-1.0mm scope stand-by;
6., preparation frit dry granular greenwave: use the apparatus for distributing of control automatically, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of described frit dry granular on described biscuit of ceramics, make its texture that forms similar stone material and pattern, it is stand-by to be prepared into frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: in the mode of spray, will spray as the methylated cellulose aqueous solution of stationary liquid on the surface of described frit dry granular greenwave, the described frit dry granular on the described biscuit of ceramics is fixed, and be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave stand-by;
8., the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of preparation high fidelity: greenwave described to be burnt is put into roller kiln, be that 1000-1150 ℃, time are under 70-150 minute the condition in temperature, greenwave described to be burnt is fired, and it is stand-by to be prepared into the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of high fidelity;
9., the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of preparation high fidelity: the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of described high fidelity are scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification, be prepared into the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of the high fidelity with jade texture and texture.
Described high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In described preparation frit dry granular 1., described quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) consumption is separately all determined in setting the described composition range of frit dry granular in advance;
In described preparation ceramic green 2., described kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all determined in setting the described composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In described preparation ground-coat enamel 3., described calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all determined in setting the described composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
Described high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method: described in preparation ceramic green 2., also select to add a kind of as the base substrate toughener in calcium lignin sulphonate, cellulose ethers, polyvinyl alcohol, the water-soluble polysaccharides, the quantity of described adding base substrate toughener is the 0.3-0.5% of described ceramic green raw material.
Described high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In described preparation ceramic green 2., described kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<5.5% of described ceramic green;
In described preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of described pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-20 second.
Principle of the present invention is:
Develop the imitative primary condition of beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate of high fidelity and be and develop have jade texture, burn till posterior spiracle few and can with the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit of ceramic body coefficient of expansion coupling.And the key of the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit of development is to allow frit divide the phase transformation milkiness, and produces crystallite, and the refractive index of this crystallite is not with the difference of glassy phase should be too big on every side.If refractive index is too high, according to light scattering theory, can produce strong scattering, cause the opacity height, beautiful texture is reduced, even become opaque.For this reason, we select calcium phosphate and (or) Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) is the opacifying agent of phase-splitting.For selecting calcium phosphate, one of its reason is that phosphorus is four coordinations in silicate glass, and phosphorus itself is again+5 valency valence states, therefore forms asymmetric phosphorus oxygen tetrahedron, and namely in four of phosphorus and oxygen keys, one of them key is pair keys, namely This asymmetric tetrahedron, the silicon-oxy tetrahedron of the symmetry that in the glass structure of silicate, distributes In, be easy to phase-splitting; Two of its reason is in the higher silicate glasses of calcium contents, and phosphorus is very easy to generate the calcium phosphate crystallite with calcium, and calcium phosphate crystallite refractive index is 1.59-1.62, an average refractive index (1.55) a little more than silicate glass.Satisfied the milkiness condition that produces beautiful texture.Equally, for selecting Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) to make opacifying agent, fluorine is higher than 0 with cationic avidity in silicate melt, and fluorine is negative monovalence in the silicate melt structural network, very easily plays the suspension effect, and this is conducive to phase-splitting and nucleation.Add fluorine and calcium easily in conjunction with generating calcium fluoride crystal.The refractive index of this crystal is not high yet, is 1.434, is more or less the same with the average refractive index of silicate melt, easily produces the turbid shape of gala of beautiful texture.Except having beautiful texture, the frit melting temperature that also should begin is higher, burns till posterior spiracle few and the coefficient of expansion and ceramic body coupling.Through the inferior test of hundreds of, we have found out the chemical ingredients scope of the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit with These characteristics: SiO 255-75%, Al 2O 38-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-6%, K 2O+Na 2O 0-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 38-18%, P 2O 50-5%, F -All the other also add the coloring metal oxide compound of 0-10% 0-3%.To meet mentioned component, fineness mixes less than 100 purpose quartz, aluminum oxide, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid and calcium phosphate, Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan), coloring metal oxide compound etc., send in the cell furnace and melt, glass melting temperature 1500-1580 ℃.The melt that fusing is good obtains 40-200 purpose frit dry granular after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening stand-by.
Second important technology condition of the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate of development high fidelity is to prepare the rational ceramic green of composition.In order to mate with imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular aspect firing temperature and the hot expansibility, also to make volatile gases in the base substrate (comprising organic matter) the least possible (being conducive to shorten firing period) simultaneously, green strength is high (making it to finish smoothly the operation of executing ground-coat enamel, transportation) enough, and the composition characteristic of the ceramic body that we select is: SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-23%, CaO+MgO0.3-4.5%, K 2O+Na 2O 3-7%, loss on ignition<5.5%, all the other auxiliary materials (comprising water reducer, base substrate toughener) 0-3%.To meet kaolin (comprising black mud), the clay of mentioned component and the raw material that contains quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum etc., after corresponding proportioning mixing, add an amount of water, water reducer, base substrate toughener, through ball mill ball milling pulping, spraying drying powder process again, again through the automatic hydraulic press moulding, and then the drying kiln drying makes dry base substrate.
In order to make imitative beautiful devitrified glass colour generation vivid, lucid and lively, be not subjected to the pollution (because imitative beautiful devitrified glass is translucent) of base substrate intrinsic colour, need execute the last layer ground-coat enamel at base substrate.This ground-coat enamel will have aspect thermal expansion coupling base substrate and imitative beautiful devitrified glass, high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, adaptation flowability, good characteristics such as suspension, for this reason, determine that through a large amount of tests the chemical ingredients of this ground-coat enamel should be: SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 316-26%, CaO 0-12%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 5-10%, ZnO 0-10%, ZrO 25-15%, all the other also have the auxiliary material (water reducer, thickening material etc.) of 0-1%.Select corresponding proportion raw material such as the kaolin (comprising black mud) that meets mentioned component, clay, potassium felspar sand, albite, silica powder, aluminum oxide, talcum, rhombspar, calcite, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline for use, add an amount of water, water reducer, thickening material, through ball mill ball milling pulping, make fineness all by 200 orders, flow velocity is the glaze slip of the suitable production usefulness of 16-20 second.Adopt pouring glaze machine to execute this ground-coat enamel, under 60 ℃-70 ℃ of base temperature and injection flow rate 10 gram (detection of 300 * 300 specification pallets) conditions, its glaze volume is 65 ± 1 grams (300 * 300 pallet).Having executed behind the glaze ceramic green just enters roller kiln and burns till.The top temperature of burning till is 1120 ℃-1220 ℃, and firing period is 70-110 minute.The control of the water-intake rate of this biscuit of ceramics is at 0.05-0.08%, and roughness control is at-0.5-+1.0mm.So just made the biscuit of ceramics of the white ground-coat enamel of surperficial band, the colour generation of versicolor imitative beautiful devitrified glass on this biscuit of ceramics will be pure, vivid, lucid and lively.
At last, the versicolor imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular for preparing on biscuit of ceramics, is utilized and makes good special apparatus for distributing according to the program of computer design, cloth goes out pattern and the texture of similar jade.The cloth amount is 10-15Kg/m 2, spray stationary liquid then and fix, reenter roller kiln and burn till.The top temperature of burning till is 1000 ℃-1150 ℃, and firing period is 70-150 minute.Work in-process after burning till are calmed down operations such as thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, color separation through scraping again, make the compound high fidelity of imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular and ceramic body and imitate beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate product.
Owing to adopted technical scheme provided by the invention; Because the present invention has adopted " selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique; Because principle of work of the present invention is described; Because the present invention is fired into work in-process after the frit dry granular greenwave that charity frit dry granular on the biscuit of ceramics is made sprays stationary liquid again, work in-process are calmed down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification through scraping, and make the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of the high fidelity with jade texture and texture.Make the present invention compare with existing known technology and present situation, the beneficial effect of acquisition is:
1, the present invention provides high fidelity to imitate beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method with " selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique.
2, " the adding black face " in claims and specification sheets is for characteristics of the present invention are sharpened understanding.In particular, outstanding feature of the present invention is as follows:
1., the composition of frit dry granular of the present invention is the most key, its adopt calcium phosphate and (or) Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) is as the opacifying agent of frit, make the frit phase-splitting, thereby make product obtain the texture of jade.Calcium phosphate and (or) usage quantity of Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) is 0-5%, frit has higher beginning melting temperature simultaneously, is easy to discharge gas during sintering, can with the coefficient of expansion of ceramic body coupling.Utilize the part metals oxide coloring can obtain versicolor imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit.
2., characteristics of the present invention two be and ceramic green that imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit is complementary, this base substrate requires volatilization low as much as possible, free air delivery is little, the easy oxidation of base substrate.In addition, billet surface must be executed ground-coat enamel, and this ground-coat enamel must have higher whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable flowability properties, good performances such as suspension again.
3., three of principal feature of the present invention is application of apparatus for distributing.Apparatus for distributing is to make beautiful matter glass ceramics frit the key of jade pattern and decorative pattern occur, and this cover that the applicant develops has voluntarily been applied for the equipment of utility model patent, can reach above-mentioned cloth effect.
4., the patent of invention of the present invention and the application of the applicant not long ago---application number is 2,012 1,000 3236.1, name is called " preparation method of beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate " although similar place is arranged, but aspect following, important, outstanding, substantial difference are arranged, mainly show:
It is great different that A, imitative beautiful devitrified glass and the composition of beautiful matter glass ceramics frit have, and mainly is P 2O 5And F -Composition, the composition of CaO, B 2O 3Composition the former be higher than the latter.Its purpose is that imitative beautiful devitrified glass is opaque to translucent, and texture is with very beautiful close, and beautiful matter devitrified glass is the transparence with dim sense, must can also manifest pattern and the texture of lower floor's printing.
The generation of the art veins of B, imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate is finished by imitative beautiful devitrified glass itself and by the apparatus for distributing system, and the art weave of beautiful matter glass-ceramic clad plate is to realize by the printing technology (silk screen, rubber roll, spray ink Printing etc.) under the beautiful matter glass-ceramic layer.
C, from glass ceramics frit cloth amount, the 2-3 that the cloth amount of imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit is higher than beautiful matter glass ceramics frit is doubly.
3, the present invention can obtain to meet the product that constant high quality requires by to select material in the predetermined prod chemical ingredients scope with this; Be that product can guarantee the high quality that product is constant in the chemical ingredients scope of design in advance.
4, the present invention can make product have the jade sense of unique jade texture and texture and conveniently make and realize standardization, mass-producing, standardized production.
5, the present invention is with the production of product in the selection of product materials in the product in the chemical ingredients scope, the chemical ingredients scope, the chemical ingredients scope, it is as a whole to organically blend, and it organically blends, and whole design is scientific and reasonable, method is simple, effect stability is reliable.
6, among the present invention devitrified glass use calcium phosphate and (or) Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) does opacifying agent, makes devitrified glass produce phase-splitting, crystallization, form the turbid state of gala, thereby make product have the effect of jade texture.Be the outstanding feature of frit dry granular be to use calcium phosphate and (or) Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) makes opacifying agent, therefore, its milkiness state that is translucent at cloth, after burning till has jade texture.Simultaneously, its beginning melting temperature is higher, discharges gas when burning till easily, is difficult for forming bubble and pore.In addition, it is complementary aspect the hot expansibility with treating compound ceramic body simultaneously.
7, the present invention's apparatus for distributing of utilizing automatization goes out to have the pattern of stone texture with the glass ceramics frit dry granular of various different colors at biscuit of ceramics surface cloth, thereby has improved aesthstic performance and the decorative aesthetics of product.
8, ceramic green of the present invention have enough green strengths, suitable firing temperature, with characteristics such as imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit matched coefficient of thermal expansion.
9, ground-coat enamel of the present invention has and base substrate, imitative beautiful devitrified glass matched coefficient of thermal expansion, high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable degree of mobilization, good characteristics such as suspension.
10, the present invention make the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate of high fidelity composition in designed in advance composition range, accomplish every batch of product can both the quality high-quality, quality unification, constant mass, reliable in quality; The power consumption that mass-producing and standardization are produced is low, saving of work and time, production efficiency height, cost are low, be conducive to wide popularization and application.Effectively raise the state of the art of industry, can obtain overall economic efficiency preferably.
11, the present invention meets efficient energy-saving, reduces the requirement of discharging, protect environment, low-carbon (LC) production, low-carbon (LC) life, effectively raises the state of the art of industry, can obtain overall economic efficiency and social benefit preferably.
Description of drawings
Figure of description is the technological operation step window synoptic diagram of the specific embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is described in detail.Shown in Figure of description:
A kind of high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
1., preparation frit dry granular: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, each 80-700 kilogram of Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) as raw material, the metal oxide that adds described raw material weight 0-10%, send in the cell furnace after mixing and melt, temperature of fusion is 1500-1580 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 255-75%, Al 2O 38-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-6%, K 2O+Na 2O 0-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 38-18%, P 2O 50-5%, F -The 40-200 purpose frit dry granular of 0-3% and moisture<0.5% is stand-by;
2., preparation ceramic green: with the kaolin of granularity less than 1 millimeter, clay, quartzy, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum is through mixing as the ceramic green raw material, in described ceramic green raw material, add an amount of water, and the impartial alkali that adds, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP is as water reducer, the quantity that adds described water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of described ceramic green raw material, through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping, moisture after the described spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then the dry composition range that makes of drying kiln drying is SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-23%, CaO+MgO 0.3-4.5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 3.0-7.0%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is stand-by;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material, in described ground-coat enamel raw material, add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water, and a kind of as water reducer in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, the quantity that adds described thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of described ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 316-26%, CaO 0-12%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 5-10%, ZnO 0-10%, ZrO 25-15%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-1% and fineness is all stand-by by the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of 200 eye mesh screens;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried described ceramic green, use pouring glaze machine and implement described ground-coat enamel, namely 60-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing described ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 65 ± 1 grams, it is stand-by to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., the preparation biscuit of ceramics: described ground-coat enamel base is put into roller kiln, temperature be 1120-1220 ℃, firing period be fired under 70-110 minute the condition that to make its water-intake rate be 0.05-0.08%, planeness for the biscuit of ceramics the in-0.5-1.0mm scope stand-by;
6., preparation frit dry granular greenwave: use the apparatus for distributing of control automatically, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of described frit dry granular on described biscuit of ceramics, make its texture that forms similar stone material and pattern, it is stand-by to be prepared into frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: in the mode of spray, will spray as the methylated cellulose aqueous solution of stationary liquid on the surface of described frit dry granular greenwave, the described frit dry granular on the described biscuit of ceramics is fixed, and be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave stand-by;
8., the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of preparation high fidelity: greenwave described to be burnt is put into roller kiln, be that 1000-1150 ℃, time are under 70-150 minute the condition in temperature, greenwave described to be burnt is fired, and it is stand-by to be prepared into the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of high fidelity;
9., the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of preparation high fidelity: the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of described high fidelity are scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification, be prepared into the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of the high fidelity with jade texture and texture.
Described high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In described preparation frit dry granular 1., described quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) consumption is separately all determined in setting the described composition range of frit dry granular in advance;
In described preparation ceramic green 2., described kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all determined in setting the described composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In described preparation ground-coat enamel 3., described calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all determined in setting the described composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
Described high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method: described in preparation ceramic green 2., also select to add a kind of as the base substrate toughener in calcium lignin sulphonate, cellulose ethers, polyvinyl alcohol, the water-soluble polysaccharides, the quantity of described adding base substrate toughener is the 0.3-0.5% of described ceramic green raw material.
Described high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method:
In described preparation ceramic green 2., described kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<5.5% of described ceramic green;
In described preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of described pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-20 second.
In above-mentioned specific implementation process, that is:
1, in described preparation frit dry granular 1.: described quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) are implemented with 80,100,120,150,180,200,230,250,270,300,330,360,380,400,420,440,460,480,500,530,580,600,620,660,680,700 kilograms respectively; To described metal oxide respectively with raw material weight 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5%, 6%, 7%, 8%, 9%, 10% and do not add and implement; Described temperature of fusion is implemented with 1500,1510,1520,1530,1540,1550,1560,1570,1580 ℃ respectively; In described composition range, to SiO 2Implement with 55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75% respectively, to Al 2O 3Implement with 8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20% respectively, CaO is implemented with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, MgO is implemented with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6% respectively, to K 2O+Na 2O implements with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, BaO is implemented with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively, to B 2O 3Implement with 8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18% respectively, to P 2O 5Implement with 0,1,2,3,4,5% respectively, to F -Implement with 0,1,2,3% respectively; Described quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) consumption is separately adjusted in the composition range of described acquisition frit dry granular and determined to implement; Fineness degree to described frit dry granular is implemented with 40,50,60,80,100,120,140,160,180,200 orders respectively; All received expected effect.
2, in described preparation ceramic green 2.: described kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum are implemented with 385,400,500,600,700,800,900,1000,1500,2000,2500,3000,3500,4000,4500,5000,5500,6000,6500,7000,7500,8000,8500,9000,9300,9500,9800,10000,12000,12250 kilograms respectively; Described water reducer is implemented with alkali, water glass, the impartial number combinations of tripoly phosphate sodium STPP; Quantity to described water reducer is implemented with 0.3,0.4,0.5% of ceramic green raw material respectively; Moisture after the described spraying drying powder process is implemented with 5.5,5.6,5.7,5.8,5.9,6.0,6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5% respectively; To the SiO in the described ceramic green composition that makes 2Implement Al with 66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75% respectively 2O 3Implement with 15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23% respectively, CaO+MgO implements K with 0.3,0.4,0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2.0,2.5,3.0,3.5,4.0,4.3,4.5% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 3,4,5,6,7% respectively, and water reducer is implemented with 0,0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2.0% respectively; Kaolin in the described ceramic green raw material is implemented by black mud is alternative; Described kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all adjusted in setting the described composition range of ceramic green in advance and determined to implement; In described preparation ceramic green 2., also implement as the base substrate toughener to add a kind of in calcium lignin sulphonate, cellulose ethers, polyvinyl alcohol, the water-soluble polysaccharides respectively, the quantity of described adding base substrate toughener is implemented with 0.3,0.35,0.4,0.45,0.5% of described ceramic green raw material respectively.All received expected effect.
3, in described preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the calcined kaolin in the described ground-coat enamel raw material, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline are implemented with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30 kilograms respectively; Described water reducer is implemented with alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP respectively; Quantity to described thickening material and water reducer is implemented with 0.3,0.4,0.5% of ground-coat enamel raw material respectively; To the SiO in the described ground-coat enamel composition that makes 2Implement Al with 40,45,50,55,60% respectively 2O 3Implement with 16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26% respectively, CaO implements with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12% respectively, MgO implements K with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, and ZnO implements ZrO with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively 2Implement with 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15% respectively, water reducer and thickening material are implemented with 0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4,0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0% respectively; Flow velocity to described pulpous state ground-coat enamel finished product was implemented with grace formula viscosity respectively in 16,17,18,19,20 seconds; Described calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all adjusted in setting the described composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance and determined to implement; All received expected effect.
4, in described preparation ground-coat enamel base 4.: described base temperature is implemented with 60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70 ℃ respectively; All received expected effect.
5, in described preparation biscuit of ceramics 5.: described temperature is implemented with 1120,1140,1160,1180,1200,1220 ℃ respectively; Described firing period was implemented with 70,80,90,100,110 minutes respectively; Described water-intake rate is implemented with 0.05,0.06,0.07,0.08% respectively; To described planeness respectively with-0.5 ,-0.4 ,-0.3 ,-0.2 ,-0.1,0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4,0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0mm implements; All received expected effect.
6, in described preparation frit dry granular greenwave 6.: to the cloth amount of frit dry granular respectively with 3.5,4,4.5,5,5.5,6Kg/m 2Implement; All received expected effect.
7, in the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of described preparation high fidelity 8.: greenwave described to be burnt is put into the temperature that roller kiln fire implement with 1000,1020,1040,1060,1080,1100,1120,1130,1140,1150 ℃ respectively, the time of firing implemented with 70,80,90,100,110,120,130,140,150 minutes respectively; All received expected effect.
Embodiment two
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just:
1, in described preparation frit dry granular 1.: press SiO 257.04%, Al 2O 312.31%, CaO 5.16%, MgO 1.14%, K 2O+Na 2O 4.77%, BaO 3.05%, B 2O 312.37%, P 2O 52.40%, F -1.76%, choose corresponding proportion, prepare burden less than 100 purpose quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, rhombspar, soda ash, barium carbonate, boric acid, saltpetre, calcium phosphate and Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan), in mixer, mixed 30 minutes, in 16 square metres tank furnace, found, glass melting temperature is 1560 ℃, about 22 hours of material stock time, the liquation after the clarification is through shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, and it is stand-by to make 40-200 purpose frit dry granular.The consumption of its described quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, rhombspar, soda ash, barium carbonate, boric acid, saltpetre, calcium phosphate and Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) is all determined in setting the described composition range of frit dry granular in advance and is implemented.Received expected effect equally.
2, in described preparation ceramic green 2.: press SiO 268.11%, Al 2O 318.23%, CaO+MgO 2.67%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.45%, Fe 2O 30.71%, TiO 20.30%, loss on ignition 4.53%, the granularity of choosing corresponding proportion is raw material less than 10 millimeters black mud, kaolin, potassium felspar sand, albite, potassium sodium sand, talcum, the water that after mixing, adds 0.55 times of an amount of water reducer, base substrate toughener and raw material weight, to become fineness be the mud of the surplus 0.5-1% of 10000-hole sieve to ball milling in ball mill, through mist projection granulating, make the powder that water content is 5.5-6.5% again; Recycling 400Kg/ centimetre 2The automatic hydraulic press of left and right sides specific pressure molds the ceramic green of 930 * 930mm specification; Stand-by after drying.The consumption of its described black mud, kaolin, potassium felspar sand, albite, potassium sodium sand, talcum, water reducer, base substrate toughener is all determined in setting the described composition range of ceramic green in advance and is implemented.Received expected effect equally.
3, in described preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: press SiO 247.87%, Al 2O 318.23%, CaO 7.47%, MgO6.26%, K 2O+Na 2O 6.26%, ZnO 4.26%, ZrO 29.07%, TiO 20.18%, Fe 2O 30.05%, loss on ignition 0.35%, the granularity of choosing corresponding proportion is raw material less than 100 purpose ball clays, calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, rhombspar, calcite, nepheline, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, burning talcum, after mixing, add an amount of water reducer, thickening material and an amount of water, go into the ball mill ball milling and wear into fineness for all by the glaze slip of 200 screen clothes, the glaze slip flow velocity is adjusted into 16-20 second, and it is stand-by to be prepared into ground-coat enamel.Its described ball clay, calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, rhombspar, calcite, nepheline, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, the consumption that burns talcum, water reducer, thickening material are all determined in setting the described composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance and are implemented.Received expected effect equally.
4, with above-mentioned dried ceramic green through purging behind the deashing (the green compact temperature control at 60-70 ℃) spray clear water 10g (measurements of 300 * 300 pallets) earlier, adopt pouring glaze machine to execute the ground-coat enamel for preparing above again, glaze volume is 65 ± 1 to restrain (300 * 300 pallet); Next, the ceramic green of executing ground-coat enamel enters roller kiln and burns till, and firing period is 100 minutes, and the top temperature of burning till is 1195 ℃; The control of biscuit of ceramics water-intake rate after burning till is at 0.05-0.08%, and roughness control is stand-by in-0.5-+1.0mm scope.Received expected effect equally.
5, last, by the apparatus for distributing (having applied for patent) of special development, according to pre-designed program, on the biscuit of ceramics surface, the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular for preparing on the cloth, the cloth amount is 10.8Kg/m 2, to spray stationary liquid then and fix, the consumption of stationary liquid is 18g (measurement of 300 * 300 pallets), reentering roller kiln burns till, firing period is 150 minutes, and the top temperature of burning till is about 1100 ℃, and the work in-process roughness control after burning till is in-0.5-+1.0mm scope; Work in-process after the burning are calmed down operations such as thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, packing through scraping again, make the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate product of high fidelity of a imitative white Khotan jade at last.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment three
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but is in 1. the preparation frit dry granular with the difference of embodiment one: the system component of light yellow imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular is SiO 258.76%, Al 2O 39.79%, CaO 6.14%, MgO 1.13%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.32%, BaO 2.46%, B 2O 313.64%, P 2O 52.76%, add tinting material TiO 21.2%, CeO 20.5%.The imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular collocation of white in light yellow imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular and the embodiment one goes out the alternate cloud shape pattern of white Huang by apparatus for distributing cloth; Make the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate product of yellowish-white alternate cloud shape at last.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment four
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but is in 1. the preparation frit dry granular with the difference of embodiment one: the system component of the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular of light green is SiO 261.21%, Al 2O 39.30%, CaO 5.07%, MgO 1.46%, K 2O+Na 2O 6.36%, BaO 2.21%, B 2O 312.25%, P 2O 51.46%, F -0.68%, add tinting material Cr 2O 30.75%.The imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular collocation of white in the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular of light green and the embodiment one goes out green white alternate striated pattern by apparatus for distributing cloth.Make the imitative jadeite jade glass-ceramic clad plate product of green white alternate striated at last.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment five
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but is in 1. the preparation frit dry granular with the difference of embodiment one: the system component of the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular of deep yellow is SiO 258.42%, Al 2O 314.43%, CaO 4.30%, MgO1.44%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.39%, BaO 2.26%, B 2O 311.77%, P 2O 51.99%, add tinting material Fe 2O 30.64%, NiO 0.25%, CeO 20.8%.Light yellow imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular in the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular of white in the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular of deep yellow and the embodiment one and the embodiment three is used, and goes out to have in pale yellow white and with (with Huang Weizhu) patterns of deep yellow lines by apparatus for distributing cloth.Make the yellow imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate products white, the deep yellow lines of being with at last.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment six
Step by embodiment one is implemented, but is in 1. the preparation frit dry granular with the difference of embodiment one: the system component of red imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular is SiO 263.74%, Al 2O 310.54%, CaO 5.50%, MgO 0.78%, K 2O+Na 2O 4.60%, BaO 1.23%, B 2O 311.38%, P 2O 52.23%, add tinting material CdS 1.20%, Se 0.80%.The imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular collocation of white in this red imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular and the embodiment one is used, and goes out based on redness by apparatus for distributing cloth, has the pattern of white texture.Make the glass-ceramic clad plate product of imitative bloodstone jade at last.Received expected effect equally.
By embodiment one, two, three, four, five, six enforcement, successively used the imitative beautiful glass ceramics frit dry granular of multiple color, make it to form color, the different product of pattern.All received expected effect.
Embodiment seven
By embodiment one; two; three; four; five; six; seven implement; shown in Figure of description; just: in embodiment one; two; three; four; five; six; on seven the scale basis; respectively to dwindle 10; 8; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1 times and enlarge 1 respectively; 2; 3; 5; 8; 10; 12; 15; 20; 25; 30; 35; 40; 45; implement for 50 times; make the present invention possess original reason test; laboratory test; small-scale test; expanding test; medium-sized test; large-scale experiment; the solid foundation of Production Type Test; possessed the solid foundation from theory into action; possessed the concrete operability of implementing under theory instructs, for wide popularization and application has been established solid foundation.
The present invention has carried out property on probation examination, and property examination on probation comprises from being tested to the whole process of production; The present invention is by preparation frit dry granular; the preparation ceramic green; the single test of preparation ground-coat enamel; on the single test basis; it is preferred to carry out single test; preferred single test is optimized combination; through after the optimum combination of single test; respectively with single firing process; double-firing process has been carried out up to a hundred times research experiment enforcement; all produced " high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate " finished product; make the gordian technique of " frit dry granular; ceramic green; ground-coat enamel " more ripe; make " high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method " that constituted by " frit dry granular; ceramic green; ground-coat enamel---be to select material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique more reliable and more stable, from having realized raising industry technology level in fact; improve the quality of products; efficient energy-saving; reduce discharging; the protection environment; low-carbon (LC) is produced; the purpose of low-carbon (LC) life.
Being preferred embodiment of the present invention only below, is not that the present invention is done any pro forma restriction; But the those of ordinary skill of all industry is all implemented with the above shown in the by specification accompanying drawing swimmingly; But the equivalent variations of making differentiation not breaking away from technical solution of the present invention is equivalent embodiment of the present invention, all still belongs to technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a high fidelity is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method, it is characterized in that:
1., preparation frit dry granular: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, each 80-700 kilogram of Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) as raw material, the metal oxide that adds described raw material weight 0-10%, send in the cell furnace after mixing and melt, temperature of fusion is 1500-1580 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 255-75%, Al 2O 38-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-6%, K 2O+Na 2O 0-10%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 38-18%, P 2O 50-5%, F -The 40-200 purpose frit dry granular of 0-3% and moisture<0.5% is stand-by;
2., preparation ceramic green: with the kaolin of granularity less than 1 millimeter, clay, quartzy, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum is through mixing as the ceramic green raw material, in described ceramic green raw material, add an amount of water, and the impartial alkali that adds, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP is as water reducer, the quantity that adds described water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of described ceramic green raw material, through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping, moisture after the described spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then the dry composition range that makes of drying kiln drying is SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-23%, CaO+MgO 0.3-4.5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 3.0-7.0%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is stand-by;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material, in described ground-coat enamel raw material, add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water, and a kind of as water reducer in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP, the quantity that adds described thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of described ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 316-26%, CaO 0-12%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 5-10%, ZnO 0-10%, ZrO 25-15%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-1% and fineness is all stand-by by the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of 200 eye mesh screens;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried described ceramic green, use pouring glaze machine and implement described ground-coat enamel, namely 60-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing described ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 65 ± 1 grams, it is stand-by to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., the preparation biscuit of ceramics: described ground-coat enamel base is put into roller kiln, temperature be 1120-1220 ℃, firing period be fired under 70-110 minute the condition that to make its water-intake rate be 0.05-0.08%, planeness for the biscuit of ceramics the in-0.5-1.0mm scope stand-by;
6., preparation frit dry granular greenwave: use the apparatus for distributing of control automatically, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of described frit dry granular on described biscuit of ceramics, make its texture that forms similar stone material and pattern, it is stand-by to be prepared into frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: in the mode of spray, will spray as the methylated cellulose aqueous solution of stationary liquid on the surface of described frit dry granular greenwave, the described frit dry granular on the described biscuit of ceramics is fixed, and be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave stand-by;
8., the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of preparation high fidelity: greenwave described to be burnt is put into roller kiln, be that 1000-1150 ℃, time are under 70-150 minute the condition in temperature, greenwave described to be burnt is fired, and it is stand-by to be prepared into the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of high fidelity;
9., the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of preparation high fidelity: the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate work in-process of described high fidelity are scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, color separation, the classification, be prepared into the imitative beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate finished product of the high fidelity with jade texture and texture.
2. high fidelity according to claim 1 is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method, it is characterized in that:
In described preparation frit dry granular 1., described quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, aluminum oxide, calcite, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, calcium phosphate, Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspan) consumption is separately all determined in setting the described composition range of frit dry granular in advance;
In described preparation ceramic green 2., described kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all determined in setting the described composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In described preparation ground-coat enamel 3., described calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all determined in setting the described composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
3. high fidelity according to claim 1 is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method, it is characterized in that: described in preparation ceramic green 2., also select to add a kind of as the base substrate toughener in calcium lignin sulphonate, cellulose ethers, polyvinyl alcohol, the water-soluble polysaccharides, the quantity of described adding base substrate toughener is the 0.3-0.5% of described ceramic green raw material.
4. high fidelity according to claim 1 is imitated beautiful glass-ceramic clad plate preparation method, it is characterized in that:
In described preparation ceramic green 2., described kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<5.5% of described ceramic green;
In described preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of described pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-20 second.
CN 201210196180 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Preparation method of high-fidelity imitation jade microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board CN102746031B (en)

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CN107226691B (en) * 2017-07-18 2020-10-23 福建省德化县宝艺陶瓷有限公司 Green fambe flowing glaze ceramic product and manufacturing process thereof
CN108069732B (en) * 2017-11-29 2020-10-27 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 Metal travertine dry particles and preparation method thereof
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