CN110845252B - Special blank large-particle combined digital cloth archaized brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Special blank large-particle combined digital cloth archaized brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN110845252B
CN110845252B CN201911175571.8A CN201911175571A CN110845252B CN 110845252 B CN110845252 B CN 110845252B CN 201911175571 A CN201911175571 A CN 201911175571A CN 110845252 B CN110845252 B CN 110845252B
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blank
particles
large particles
dry
colored
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CN110845252A (en
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刘一军
邓来福
王贤超
杨元东
程科木
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Monalisa Group Co Ltd
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Monalisa Group Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
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Abstract

The invention discloses a special blank large-particle combined digital cloth archaized brick and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method of the archaized brick comprises the following steps: (1) respectively feeding the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles into a blanking hopper of digital material distribution equipment; (2) distributing the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles on a bottom material according to a design effect by adopting digital material distribution equipment, and forming to obtain a blank; (3) printing corresponding ink-jet patterns on the obtained blank, and then applying effect glaze; (4) and (5) firing and polishing.

Description

Special blank large-particle combined digital cloth archaized brick and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to a large-particle-combined digital-distribution archaized brick of a special blank and a preparation method thereof, belonging to the technical field of production and manufacturing of ceramic bricks.
Background
The archaized brick has the unique classical charm, embodies the vicissitudes of the years and the thickness of the history, has excellent anti-skid performance and becomes the mastery force of home decoration. However, the conventional antique brick is prepared by printing ink jet on the overglaze and then adding protective glaze, so that the decoration effect is monotonous and not rich enough.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention aims to provide an archaized brick which has rich and three-dimensional decorative effect and better restores nature and a preparation method thereof.
In a first aspect, the invention provides a preparation method of an archaized brick, which comprises the following steps:
(1) respectively feeding the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles into a blanking hopper of digital material distribution equipment;
(2) distributing the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles on a bottom material according to a design effect by adopting digital material distribution equipment, and forming to obtain a blank;
(3) printing corresponding ink-jet patterns on the obtained blank, and then applying effect glaze;
(4) and (5) firing and polishing.
The invention replaces the traditional overglaze and ink-jet pattern by cloth material, colored blank dry particles and blank large particles in a digital cloth mode, and combines a mould (the mould can be a mould commonly used in molding), functional ink (the functional ink can be white ink, bright and matte ink), glaze decoration effect and polishing process to manufacture a plurality of decoration styles such as classical, rural and simple Europe, and the like, has rich decoration effect, is suitable for consumers of all ages, and achieves the aim of better restoring nature.
Preferably, the fabric comprises the following chemical components: SiO 22:65~69%、Al2O3:18~21%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.3~0.6%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:4.5~6%、Na2O:2.5~3.5%、ZrO2: 0.5-2%, loss on ignition: 3.0 to 4.0 percent.
Preferably, the chemical composition of the colored green body dry particle comprises: SiO 22:65~69%、Al2O3:18~21%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.3~0.6%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:4.5~6%、Na2O:2.5~3.5%、ZrO2: 0.5 to 2%, coloring oxide: 0.1-4%, loss on ignition: 3.0 to 4.0 percent.
Preferably, the green body large particles comprise a white green body large particle and a transparent green body large particle, and preferably, the green body large particle further comprises a colored translucent green body large particle obtained by adding a pigment on the basis of the transparent green body large particle, wherein the white green body large particle comprises the following chemical components: SiO 22:68~73%、Al2O3:15~18%、Fe2O3:0.06~0.16%、TiO2:0.1~0.2%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:1.5~2.5%、K2O:2.5~3.5%、Na2O: 1.5-2.5%, loss on ignition: 4.0-5.0%; the chemical components of the large particles of the transparent blank comprise: SiO 22:60~65%、Al2O3:20~23%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.01~0.2%、CaO:2.5~3.5%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:3.5~4.5%、Na2O:2.0~3.0%、ZnO2: 1.0-2.0%, loss on ignition: 3.5 to 4.5 percent.
Preferably, the particle size of the dry particles of the colored blank is 12-30 meshes, and the particle size of the large particles of the blank is 6-12 meshes.
Preferably, the cloth amount of the fabric layer is 1000-1200 g/m2. Namely, the total cloth amount of the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles is 1000-1200 g/m2
Preferably, the effect glaze is matte flash dry grain effect glaze, or candy dry grain glaze, or digital glue dry grain and matte flash dry grain glaze.
In a second aspect, the present invention provides an archaized tile prepared by any one of the above-described methods of preparation.
According to the invention, the color of the dry particles of the colored blank, the size of the large particles of the blank and the blanking amount of the large particles can be adjusted according to the design, the colored blank is subjected to dry pressing forming through digital cloth, an ink-jet printer is used for printing patterns and functional ink effects, effect glaze is applied, and then the colored blank is sintered and polished, so that the decorative effect is rich, the natural restoration is realized to a higher degree, and different decorative styles are met.
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FIG. 1 is a flow chart of the preparation of ceramic tiles according to one embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the effect of the brick surface of the ceramic tile of example 1 of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the effect of the brick surface of the ceramic tile of example 2 of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing the effect of the brick surface of the ceramic tile of example 3 of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples, which are to be understood as merely illustrative and not restrictive.
FIG. 1 shows a process for preparing a ceramic tile (archaized tile) according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, firstly, the fabric, the colored green body dry particles and the green body large particles are respectively loaded into a hopper of a digital material distribution device.
The facing material is not particularly limited, and may be powder material commonly used in archaized bricks. In some embodiments, the chemical composition of the fabric comprises: SiO 22:65~69%、Al2O3:18~21%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.3~0.6%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:4.5~6%、Na2O:2.5~3.5%、ZrO2: 0.5-2%, loss on ignition: 3.0 to 4.0 percent. The fabric has good whiteness, good color development of ink and good associativity with large particles of a blank body, and can increase the layering sense of the surface.
In some embodiments, the raw material formula of the fabric is 28-33% of terrazzo powder, 30-35% of terrazzo potassium feldspar powder, 7-11% of Longyan ball clay, 12-15% of potassium sand, 5-8% of water-washed ball clay, 3-6% of Shaoguan ball clay, 2-5% of pyrophyllite and 0.5-2% of zirconium silicate.
The colored blank dry particles are particles obtained by adding coloring oxide into the fabric. The coloring oxide may be added by wet mixing. The particle size of the dry particles of the colored green body can be 12-30 meshes, and by adopting the particle size, the design of matching can be good, and the decorative effect of the brick surface is improved. And the color and the addition amount can be properly adjusted by combining the color and the texture of the pattern, so that the purpose of enriching the details and the layers of the product is achieved.
In some embodiments, the chemical composition of the dried colored body granules comprises: SiO 22:65~69%、Al2O3:18~21%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.3~0.6%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:4.5~6%、Na2O:2.5~3.5%、ZrO2: 0.5 to 2%, coloring oxide: 0.1-4%, loss on ignition: 3.0 to 4.0 percent. The colored blank dry particles can prevent cracks caused by inconsistent shrinkage of the fabric and the colored blank dry particles, and the fabric and the colored blank dry particles are not obviously raised after being burnt out and are more bright in color. Wherein the coloring oxide mayThe coloring oxide is a coloring oxide commonly used in the art, and may be, for example, cobalt oxide, manganese dioxide, iron sesquioxide, or the like.
The colored green body dry particles can have one color or a plurality of colors. The color of the dry granules of the colored blank body can be adjusted according to the design.
The particle size of the special blank large particles (called blank large particles for short) is larger than that of the fabric and/or the colored blank dry particles. In addition, the kind and the addition amount of the large particles of the green body can be adjusted according to the design. The particle size of the large particles of the blank can be 6-12 meshes. The purpose of enriching the details and the layers of the product can be achieved by adding special blank large particles.
The shape of the large particles of the blank can be spherical, various special shapes and the like.
The texture and the blanking amount of the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles can be adjusted according to the design, so that the aims of ink jet design and perfect fusion between the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles are fulfilled.
The color of the green body macroparticles can be different from the fabric.
In addition, the green large particles may include particles of various colors, and may include, for example, white green large particles and transparent green large particles. The white large particles are preferably 5-10 degrees whiter than the fabric, so that the white large particles can be separated from the fabric to form layers, and the details and the layers of the product can be better presented. And a small amount of different pigments (such as fruit green, praseodymium yellow and the like) can be added into the large transparent blank particles to prepare colored translucent blank particles, so that the feeling of inlaying a similar gem in a stone is made, and the details and the aesthetic feeling of a product are increased.
In some embodiments, the chemical composition of the large white body particles comprises: SiO 22:68~73%、Al2O3:15~18%、Fe2O3:0.06~0.16%、TiO2:0.1~0.2%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:1.5~2.5%、K2O:2.5~3.5%、Na2O: 1.5-2.5%, loss on ignition: 4.0 to 5.0 percent. The whiteness of the large particles of the white blank is better, the combination between the large particles and the fabric is better, wherein MgO and K are adopted2O fluxing and broadeningThe phenomenon that large particles bulge or are combined with the fabric to crack is reduced under the action of the sintering range. The whiteness can be increased by adding zirconium silicate properly.
In some embodiments, the raw material formula of the white blank large particles is 25-30% of potassium feldspar, 13-18% of albite, 8-12% of ball clay, 12-16% of calcined kaolin, 15-20% of quartz and 3-6% of calcined talcum powder. The basic raw materials have low iron content and high whiteness, so that zirconium-free whitening of large particles of a white blank can be realized, the cost is saved, and the radioactivity of the ceramic tile is reduced.
In some embodiments, the chemical composition of the large particles of the transparent body comprises: SiO 22:60~65%、Al2O3:20~23%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.01~0.2%、CaO:2.5~3.5%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:3.5~4.5%、Na2O:2.0~3.0%、ZnO2: 1.0-2.0%, loss on ignition: 3.5 to 4.5 percent. The large particles of the transparent blank can enrich the details of the product, and the high aluminum, low calcium and high potassium in the component can increase the firing temperature of the large transparent particles, widen the firing range of the large particles of the blank and enable the fired effect of the large transparent particles to be more stable.
In some embodiments, the raw material formula of the transparent blank large particles is 13-18% of ball clay, 13-18% of high-strength water washing mud, 8-12% of high-white potassium sand, 18-23% of transparent high-calcium frit, 25-35% of potassium feldspar and 8-12% of albite. The transparent frit is high-calcium frit, so that the transparent large particles have high transparency, the surface of the fired brick is flat, and the problem of unevenness of the fired particles can be solved. The high calcium frit may be prepared by the following method: the required raw materials are mixed uniformly in proportion in advance, and the mixture is melted by a 1500 ℃ high-temperature melting furnace and then quenched to obtain the required clinker. The high-calcium frit comprises 6-10% of kaolin, 20-27% of calcite, 1-3% of calcined talc, 28-35% of potassium feldspar, 7-10% of zinc oxide and 30-38% of quartz.
The large particles of the white blank and the large particles of the transparent blank are 6-12 meshes, and the blanking amount can be adjusted through digital material distribution equipment according to patterns.
In some embodiments, the chemical composition of the colored translucent green body large particles in the green body large particles comprises: SiO 22:60~65%、Al2O3:20~23%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.1~0.2%、CaO:2.5~3.5%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:3.5~4.5%、Na2O:2.0~3.0%、ZnO2: 1.0 to 2.0%, coloring oxide: 0.1-1%, loss on ignition: 1.5-2.5%, wherein the large colored blank particles are mainly prepared by adding a small amount of coloring oxide into the large transparent blank particles. The coloring oxide may be a coloring oxide commonly used in the art, and may be, for example, cobalt oxide, manganese dioxide, ferric oxide, etc.
And (3) distributing the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles on a bottom material in a digital distribution mode according to the requirements of designed color and texture, and performing dry pressing molding by using a press to obtain a blank. The total cloth amount of the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles can be 1000-1200 g/m2. By adopting the material distribution mode, the blanking amount and the texture of the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles can be controlled according to the design color and texture requirements, so that a more three-dimensional and vivid sandstone effect is achieved, and meanwhile, the material distribution mode can reduce the usage amount of the fabric and achieve the purpose of saving the cost.
The base material is not particularly limited, and a base material commonly used in the field of ceramic tiles can be used.
The green body may be dried. In some embodiments, the drying time is 1-1.5 hours, and the moisture of the obtained dried blank is 0.3-0.5%.
Then, the ink-jet pattern and the functional ink are printed on the blank. The decorative effect can be perfectly combined with the digital cloth effect through the patterns and the functional ink. The functional ink is white ink, glossy ink and matte ink, the white ink can show some line details in a dark color part, and the glossy ink and the matte ink can perform a local decorative effect to highlight different effects of local glossy and matte layers.
After ink jet printing, an effect glaze can be applied. Different effect glazes can be matched according to design, such as a plurality of decorative effects of a matte flash dry grain glaze, a candy dry grain glaze, a digital glue dry grain glaze and a matte flash dry grain glaze. The glazing mode can be glaze spraying, a digital glue dry particle machine and the like. The effect glaze may be dried after application, for example by electric drying or hot air oven drying. The drying temperature can be 100-150 ℃, and the moisture after drying can be controlled within 0.9%.
Then, the obtained green bricks are fired. The highest sintering temperature range can be 1190-1220 ℃, and the sintering period can be 50-70 minutes. After firing, the brush can be applied.
Compared with the prior art, the archaized brick adopts a digital material distribution mode, and large particles with corresponding colors and sizes can be distributed in corresponding areas according to designed textures; meanwhile, the technical scheme adopts a digital cloth mode to coat 1000-1200 g/m of base cloth2The amount of (A) can greatly save the cost; through the mode that matches different moulds and the mode that inkjet pattern and functional ink effect combined together with surface fabric, coloured body dry particle and special body large granule through the mode of digital cloth, join in marriage different brick face decorative effect again, the holistic effect of brick face is very three-dimensional abundant. The effect of more natural restoration can be achieved; and the white large particles used in the project can realize that the zirconium-free whiteness reaches more than 68 degrees, and well solves the problems of cost, radioactivity and the like caused by introducing zirconium silicate.
The present invention will be described in detail by way of examples. It is also to be understood that the following examples are illustrative of the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and that certain insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art may be made in light of the above teachings. The specific process parameters and the like of the following examples are also only one example of suitable ranges, i.e., those skilled in the art can select the appropriate ranges through the description herein, and are not limited to the specific values exemplified below.
Example 1
The preparation method of the archaized brick comprises the following steps:
(1) and respectively loading the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the special blank large particles into a hopper of digital material distribution equipment. Wherein, the fabric comprises the following chemical components: SiO 22:66.74%、Al2O3:18.39%、Fe2O3:0.30%、TiO2:0.34%、CaO:0.50%、MgO:0.23%、K2O:4.86%、Na2O:3.09%、ZrO2: 1.64%, loss on ignition: 3.57 percent. The grain diameter range of the fabric is consistent with that of the normal production powder. The chemical composition of the colored green body dry particles is as follows: SiO 22:66.74%、Al2O3:18.39%、Fe2O3:0.30%、TiO2:0.34%、CaO:0.50%、MgO:0.23%、K2O:4.86%、Na2O:3.09%、ZrO2: 1.64%, coloring oxide: 0.83%, loss on ignition: 3.57 percent. The particle size of the dry particles of the colored blank body is 12-30 meshes. The special green body large particles consist of white green body large particles and transparent green body large particles. The whiteness of the white blank large particles is 65, and the raw material formula is as follows: 30% of potassium feldspar, 15% of albite, 12% of ball clay, 12% of calcined kaolin, 25% of quartz, 6% of calcined talcum powder and the following chemical components: SiO 22:70.78%、Al2O3:16.02%、Fe2O3:0.11%、TiO2:0.11%、CaO:0.47%、MgO:2.19%、K2O:2.71%、Na2O: 1.91%, loss on ignition: 4.63 percent. The particle size of the white blank large particles is 6-12 meshes. The formula of the raw materials of the transparent blank large particles is as follows: 15% of ball clay, 15% of high-strength washing mud, 10% of high-white potassium sand, 20% of transparent high-calcium frit, 30% of potassium feldspar and 10% of albite. Wherein, the transparent frit is prepared by the following method: the high calcium frit may be prepared by the following method: the required raw materials are mixed uniformly in proportion in advance, and the mixture is melted by a 1500 ℃ high-temperature melting furnace and then quenched to obtain the required clinker. The raw materials of the high-calcium clinker comprise 8% of kaolin, 25% of calcite, 2% of calcined talc, 30% of potassium feldspar, 9% of zinc oxide and 26% of quartz. The chemical composition of the transparent blank large particles is as follows: SiO 22:61.70%、Al2O3:22.00%、Fe2O3:0.31%、TiO2:0.01%、CaO:2.73%、MgO:0.25%、K2O:4.31%、Na2O:2.42%、ZnO2: 1.52%, loss on ignition: 3.64 percent. The particle size of the large particles of the transparent blank is 6-12 meshes.
(2) Carrying out digital material distribution by adopting a digital material distribution vehicle (purchased from Saipu Fei Te company, model number SWB599), and carrying out dry pressing molding by a press; the total cloth amount of various fabrics for digital cloth is 1100g/m2
(3) Drying for 1.5h, and drying the blank with the water content of 0.5%.
(4) And printing an ink jet pattern.
(5) The glue is positioned and printed by a digital glue dry particle machine (purchased from SITI B & T company, and the model is EVODRYFIX), and medium-temperature soft light dry particles are adhered (the adhering dry particle amount is 300 g/square meter).
(6) Spraying matte flash effect glaze (matte flash dry particle glaze, wherein the matte flash dry particle glaze comprises 38% of matte dry particles, 2% of mica sheets, 2% of printing glaze, 8% of suspending agent, 30% of glue, 20% of water, and 25g of glaze plate 20 x 60 cm).
(7) Drying, namely drying the green brick sprayed with the effect glaze through a hot air drying oven at the drying temperature of 120 ℃, and controlling the moisture content within 0.9% after drying.
(8) And sintering at the maximum sintering temperature of 1190 ℃ for 65 minutes.
(9) And (5) polishing, edging and grading.
(10) And (6) packaging and warehousing.
Fig. 2 shows a brick surface effect diagram of the ceramic brick obtained in the embodiment, and it can be seen that the texture of the digital positioning cloth technology cloth large particles combined design and the positioning digital glue are added to bond the effect dry particles, and then the matte flash effect dry particle glaze is decorated on the surface, so that the decoration effect is very three-dimensional and rich, and a good natural stone material restoring effect can be achieved.
Example 2
The preparation method of the archaized brick comprises the following steps:
(1) and respectively loading the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the special blank large particles into a hopper of digital material distribution equipment. Wherein, the fabric comprises the following chemical components: SiO 22:66.74%、Al2O3:18.39%、Fe2O3:0.30%、TiO2:0.34%、CaO:0.50%、MgO:0.23%、K2O:4.86%、Na2O:3.09%、ZrO2: 1.64%, loss on ignition: 3.57 percent. The grain diameter range of the fabric is consistent with that of the normal production powder. The chemical composition of the colored green body dry particles is as follows: SiO 22:66.74%、Al2O3:18.39%、Fe2O3:0.30%、TiO2:0.34%、CaO:0.50%、MgO:0.23%、K2O:4.86%、Na2O:3.09%、ZrO2: 1.64%, coloring oxide: 0.83%, loss on ignition: 3.57 percent. The particle size of the dry particles of the colored blank body is 12-30 meshes. The special green body large particles consist of white green body large particles and transparent green body large particles. The whiteness of the white blank large particles is 68, and the raw material formula is as follows: 30% of potassium feldspar, 15% of albite, 14% of ball clay, 12% of calcined kaolin, 25% of quartz, 4% of calcined talcum powder and the following chemical components: SiO 22:70.54%、Al2O3:16.83%、Fe2O3:0.12%、TiO2:0.11%、CaO:0.43%、MgO:1.47%、K2O:2.76%、Na2O: 1.91%, loss on ignition: 4.63 percent. The particle size of the white blank large particles is 6-12 meshes. The formula of the raw materials of the transparent blank large particles is as follows: 10% of ball clay, 10% of high-strength washing mud, 20% of high-white potassium sand, 20% of transparent high-calcium frit, 30% of potassium feldspar and 10% of albite. Wherein, the transparent frit is prepared by the following method: the high calcium frit may be prepared by the following method: the required raw materials are mixed uniformly in proportion in advance, and the mixture is melted by a 1500 ℃ high-temperature melting furnace and then quenched to obtain the required clinker. The raw materials of the high-calcium clinker comprise 8% of kaolin, 25% of calcite, 2% of calcined talc, 30% of potassium feldspar, 9% of zinc oxide and 26% of quartz. The chemical composition of the transparent blank large particles is as follows: SiO 22:63.90%、Al2O3:20.10%、Fe2O3:0.26%、TiO2:0.01%、CaO:2.66%、MgO:0.22%、K2O:4.46%、Na2O:2.68%、ZnO2: 1.55%, loss on ignition: 4.12 percent. Particle size of large particles of transparent green body6 to 12 meshes.
(2) Performing digital material distribution by adopting a digital material distribution vehicle, and performing dry pressing and molding by using a press; the total cloth amount of various fabrics for digital cloth is 1100g/m2
(3) Drying for 1.5h, and drying the blank with the water content of 0.5%.
(4) And printing an ink jet pattern.
(5) And spraying dry candy glaze particles (40% of dry candy particles, 2% of printing glaze, 8% of suspending agent, 30% of glue and 20% of water), and spraying 25g of glaze plate 20 x 60 cm).
(6) Drying, namely drying the green brick sprayed with the effect glaze through a hot air drying oven at the drying temperature of 120 ℃, and controlling the moisture content within 0.9% after drying.
(7) And sintering at the maximum sintering temperature of 1190 ℃ for 65 minutes.
(8) And (5) polishing, edging and grading.
(9) And (6) packaging and warehousing.
Fig. 3 shows a brick surface effect diagram of the ceramic brick obtained in this embodiment, and it can be seen that by increasing the content of ball clay in the large white particles of the white blank and raising the sintering temperature of the formulation, the whiteness of the large white particles can be increased to some extent, the elegance and cleanness of the particles can be more clearly highlighted, the content of aluminum in the transparent particles can be properly reduced, the transparency of the transparent particles can be increased, and the feeling similar to that of crystals in the stone can be better presented; through digital cloth location cloth large granule combine the half glaze of throwing of the dry grain of ink-jet printing pattern in addition candy, the large granule holds in the palm with design and glaze each other, and whole effect is very three-dimensional abundant, novel unique.
Example 3
The preparation method of the archaized brick comprises the following steps:
(1) and respectively loading the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the special blank large particles into a hopper of digital material distribution equipment. Wherein, the fabric comprises the following chemical components: SiO 22:66.74%、Al2O3:18.39%、Fe2O3:0.30%、TiO2:0.34%、CaO:0.50%、MgO:0.23%、K2O:4.86%、Na2O:3.09%、ZrO2: 1.64%, loss on ignition: 3.57 percent. The grain diameter range of the fabric is consistent with that of the normal production powder. The chemical composition of the colored green body dry particles is as follows: SiO 22:66.74%、Al2O3:18.39%、Fe2O3:0.30%、TiO2:0.34%、CaO:0.50%、MgO:0.23%、K2O:4.86%、Na2O:3.09%、ZrO2: 1.64%, coloring oxide: 0.83%, loss on ignition: 3.57 percent. The particle size of the dry particles of the colored blank body is 12-30 meshes. The special green body large particles consist of white green body large particles and transparent green body large particles. The whiteness of the white blank large particles is 63, and the formula of the raw materials is as follows: 28% of potassium feldspar, 17% of albite, 14% of ball clay, 12% of calcined kaolin, 25% of quartz, 4% of calcined talcum powder and the following chemical components: SiO 22:70.62%、Al2O3:16.42%、Fe2O3:0.12%、TiO2:0.11%、CaO:0.45%、MgO:1.87%、K2O:2.53%、Na2O: 2.03%, loss on ignition: 4.63 percent. The particle size of the white blank large particles is 6-12 meshes. The formula of the raw materials of the transparent blank large particles is as follows: 15% of ball clay, 10% of high-strength washing mud, 15% of high-white potassium sand, 20% of transparent high-calcium frit, 30% of potassium feldspar and 10% of albite, wherein the transparent frit is prepared by the following method: the high calcium frit may be prepared by the following method: the required raw materials are mixed uniformly in proportion in advance, and the mixture is melted by a 1500 ℃ high-temperature melting furnace and then quenched to obtain the required clinker. The raw materials of the high-calcium clinker comprise 8% of kaolin, 25% of calcite, 2% of calcined talc, 30% of potassium feldspar, 9% of zinc oxide and 26% of quartz. The chemical composition of the transparent blank large particles is as follows: SiO 22:62.82%、Al2O3:20.91%、Fe2O3:0.25%、TiO2:0.01%、CaO:2.63%、MgO:0.25%、K2O:4.03%、Na2O:2.84%、ZnO2: 1.56%, loss on ignition: 4.29 percent. The particle size of the large particles of the transparent blank is 6-12 meshes.
(2) Performing digital material distribution by adopting a digital material distribution vehicle, and performing dry pressing and molding by using a press; the total cloth amount of various fabrics for digital cloth is 1100g/m2
(3) Drying for 1.5h, and drying the blank with the water content of 0.5%.
(4) Printing an ink jet pattern; the effect is shown in fig. 4.
(5) Spraying matte dry particle glaze (wherein the matte dry particle glaze comprises 38% of matte dry particles, 2% of mica sheets, 2% of printing glaze, 8% of suspending agent, 30% of glue and 20% of water), and spraying 25g of glaze plate 20 x 60 cm.
(6) Drying, namely drying the green brick sprayed with the effect glaze through a hot air drying oven at the drying temperature of 120 ℃, and controlling the moisture content within 0.9% after drying.
(7) And sintering at the maximum sintering temperature of 1190 ℃ for 65 minutes.
(8) And (5) polishing, edging and grading.
(9) And (6) packaging and warehousing.
FIG. 4 is a graph showing the effect of the brick surface of the ceramic tile obtained in the present example, and it can be seen that the whiteness of the white macroparticles is reduced by increasing the albite content; the aluminum content in the transparent large particles is properly increased, so that the transparent large particles are white and semitransparent and have the feeling similar to natural stone grains; join in marriage the mould through using digital cloth location cloth large granule and combine the inkjet to print pattern in addition the dry grain glaze of flash of light, large granule and design and the mutual support of glaze, and whole effect is very three-dimensional abundant, and is novel unique.

Claims (6)

1. The preparation method of the archaized brick is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) respectively feeding the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles into a blanking hopper of digital material distribution equipment;
the fabric comprises the following chemical components: SiO 22:65~69%、Al2O3:18~21%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.3~0.6%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:4.5~6%、Na2O:2.5~3.5%、ZrO2: 0.5-2%, loss on ignition: 3.0-4.0%;
the colored blank dry particles are particles obtained by adding coloring oxide into fabric; the particle size of the dry particles of the colored blank is 12-30 meshes;
the green body large particles comprise white green body large particles and transparent green body large particles; the white blank large-particle chemical composition comprises the following components: SiO 22:68~73%、Al2O3:15~18%、Fe2O3:0.06~0.16%、TiO2:0.1~0.2%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:1.5~2.5%、K2O:2.5~3.5%、Na2O: 1.5-2.5%, loss on ignition: 4.0-5.0%; the large-particle chemical components of the transparent blank comprise: SiO 22:60~65%、Al2O3:20~23%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.01~0.2%、CaO:2.5~3.5%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:3.5~4.5%、Na2O: 2.0-3.0%, ZnO: 1.0-2.0%, loss on ignition: 3.5-4.5%;
the particle size of the large particles of the green body is larger than that of the fabric and the dry particles of the colored green body; the particle size of the large particles of the blank is 6-12 meshes;
(2) distributing the fabric, the colored blank dry particles and the blank large particles on a bottom material according to a design effect by adopting digital material distribution equipment, and forming to obtain a blank;
(3) printing corresponding ink-jet patterns on the obtained blank, and then applying effect glaze;
(4) and sintering and polishing to obtain the archaized brick.
2. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the chemical composition of the colored green body dry particles comprises: SiO 22:65~69%、Al2O3:18~21%、Fe2O3:0.16~0.46%、TiO2:0.3~0.6%、CaO:0.3~0.6%、MgO:0.2~0.5%、K2O:4.5~6%、Na2O:2.5~3.5%、ZrO2: 0.5 to 2%, coloring oxide: 0.1-4%, loss on ignition: 3.0 to 4.0 percent.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the green large particles further comprise colored translucent green large particles obtained by adding a coloring material to the transparent green large particles.
4. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the total cloth amount of the fabric, the colored green body dry particles and the green body large particles is 1000-1200 g/m2
5. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the effect glaze is a matte flash dry-particle effect glaze, or a candy dry-particle glaze, or a digital glue dry-particle and matte flash dry-particle glaze.
6. An antique tile produced by the production method according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
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