CN102511299A - Method for promoting hardwood cutting seedling emergence of red leaf cherry plum - Google Patents

Method for promoting hardwood cutting seedling emergence of red leaf cherry plum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102511299A
CN102511299A CN2012100014999A CN201210001499A CN102511299A CN 102511299 A CN102511299 A CN 102511299A CN 2012100014999 A CN2012100014999 A CN 2012100014999A CN 201210001499 A CN201210001499 A CN 201210001499A CN 102511299 A CN102511299 A CN 102511299A
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
seedbed
cutting
discharge outlet
drainpipe
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Pending
Application number
CN2012100014999A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李玉娟
张健
李敏
冒洪波
谈峰
陈惠�
徐建平
马祥建
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Jiangsu Yanjiang Agricultural Science Research Institute
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Jiangsu Yanjiang Agricultural Science Research Institute
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Priority to CN2012100014999A priority Critical patent/CN102511299A/en
Publication of CN102511299A publication Critical patent/CN102511299A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for promoting hardwood cutting seedling emergence of red leaf cherry plum. The method comprises the steps of manufacturing seedling beds, disinfecting substrate, cutting, selecting cutting wood, manufacturing rootage paste, processing shoot for cutting, arranging internal facilities, managing and the like. The method has the advantages that seedlings emerge early, the cutting survival rate is high, labor is saved, the operation is simple and convenient, the cost is low, and the popularization is easy.

Description

Promote the method that the bedleaf cherry plum cuttage is emerged
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method that promotes that the bedleaf cherry plum cuttage is emerged.
Background technology
Bedleaf cherry plum is a rose family Prunus defoliation small arbor, and its, spray, blade, calyx, gynoecium and fruit all were aubergines in vegetative period, and leaf fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches shape is to splitting shape, and base portion is circular, and leaf margin has sawtooth, and the arteries and veins base portion has pubescence in the blade back, in the average leaf more than the axial length 6cm.3-4 month floral leaf is put together, spends normal single to be born in axil, and is white or rose pink, about the 2.5cm of flower footpath, spends the subsphaeroidal fruitlet of back knot, really 6 ~ July of phase.Sprout tillers property is strong, and pernicious gas is had certain resistance.Be the collection greening, view and admire rare color tree species into one.Its breeding practice be mainly grafting and autumn and winter cuttage.
Summary of the invention
The method that the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of seeding stage is short, survival rate is high promotion bedleaf cherry plum cuttage to emerge.
Technical solution of the present invention is:
A kind of method that promotes that the bedleaf cherry plum cuttage is emerged is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) seedbed makes: adopt cement to make with the bottom surface around the seedbed, drainpipe is stayed in the bottom surface, and in the pipe, seal with stopper by collar extension in case matrix is bled for drainpipe internal orifice upper berth gauze, and outside air temperature is opened stopper in time more than 10 ℃, seals stopper during at 3 in afternoon; The wide 240cm in seedbed is separated into the little seedbed of a plurality of 120cm * 120cm with cement, and 3 discharge outlet that communicate with drainpipe are stayed in each seedbed, and the discharge outlet diameter is 5cm; Add that through the heat absorption on daytime of cement, the effect of heat radiation in evening the switch adjusting of discharge outlet makes this seedbed on average can improve ground temperature 3-5 ℃; Also strengthen the venting capability of matrix simultaneously; Growth to taking root of transplanting a cutting and root system has very big facilitation, and the seeding stage is shortened.
(2) matrix sterilization: perlite and vermiculite are mixed by weight 1:1, adopted 800 times of liquid sprays of 50% (weight concentration) carbendazol wettable powder to water sterilization, one week of overlay film is for use;
(3) cuttage: at the beginning of by the end of October to 11 months, carry out cuttage; The too early rotten easily survival rate that influences, the low root growth of temperature is bad too late.
The selection of (4) transplanting a cutting: select no damage by disease and insect, have no mechanical damage, the annotinous branch of diameter 3mm to 10mm, be cut into l0 centimetre to 12 centimeter length, its lower end is tiltedly cut 45 °, the upper end straight snips, and keep 3 ~ 5 leaves, and be 1 group with 30 and tie, soaked 12 hours;
(5) the take root making of paste: with IBA, 6-BA and water configuration mixing material, wherein IBA is that 500mg/kg, 6-BA are 1mg/kg, and all the other are water; Mix loess then and be made into pasty state;
(6) processing of slotting fringe: will soak good cuttage bar base portion and dip in the paste of taking root, dipping in and getting the degree of depth is 2 ㎝, and cuttage is in the seedbed then, and the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of cutting;
(7) interior facility: take little shed in the 60 ㎝ height on the seedbed, cover film, insert the spraying equipment that declines with installing, spraying the radius radius is 70 ~ 100 ㎝; Come climate comfort through opening and closing discharge outlet and atomized water spray;
(8) management: watering for the first time permeablely after the cuttage, be later on atomized water spray, and maintenance humidity is 70 ~ 80%, and temperature is 15 ~ 28 ℃; Treat that new root forms back water spray early 10 o'clock every day, sprays 70% thiophanate methyl or 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim weekly once.
The present invention mainly utilizes the plant tissue cell can be under the stimulation of plant hormone; Produce the root original hase; And the principle of the root of hair that is activated; Special facture and cuttage through the seedbed again, the adjusting through reasonable temp. and humidity makes its root system keep good activated state in autumn and winter, reaches the purpose that shortens the cuttage seeding stage.
The present invention has the following advantages: the one, emerge early, and just can emerge in by the end of February, second in general, early emerged 30 days than normal cutting propagation; The 2nd, cuttage survival rate is high, and we can reach 94.2% at the data of experiment; The 3rd, become seedling good, root is long, radical is compared with routine all and will be got well, and seedling is strong.The 4th, work efficiency is high, and slotting fringe need not be survived the winter and stored sth. in a cellar, saving of labor and easy and simple to handle, and cost is low, is easy to promote.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described further.
Embodiment
A kind of method that promotes that the bedleaf cherry plum cuttage is emerged comprises the following steps:
(1) seedbed makes: adopt cement to make with the bottom surface around the seedbed, drainpipe is stayed in the bottom surface, and in the pipe, seal with stopper by collar extension in case matrix is bled for drainpipe internal orifice upper berth gauze, and outside air temperature is opened stopper in time more than 10 ℃, seals stopper during at 3 in afternoon; The wide 240cm in seedbed is separated into the little seedbed of a plurality of 120cm * 120cm with cement, and 3 discharge outlet that communicate with drainpipe are stayed in each seedbed, and the discharge outlet diameter is 5cm; Add that through the heat absorption on daytime of cement, the effect of heat radiation in evening the switch adjusting of discharge outlet makes this seedbed on average can improve ground temperature 3-5 ℃; Also strengthen the venting capability of matrix simultaneously; Growth to taking root of transplanting a cutting and root system has very big facilitation, and the seeding stage is shortened.
(2) matrix sterilization: perlite and vermiculite are mixed by weight 1:1, adopted 800 times of liquid sprays of 50% (weight concentration) carbendazol wettable powder to water sterilization, one week of overlay film is for use;
(3) cuttage: at the beginning of by the end of October to 11 months, carry out cuttage; The too early rotten easily survival rate that influences, the low root growth of temperature is bad too late.
The selection of (4) transplanting a cutting: select no damage by disease and insect, have no mechanical damage, the annotinous branch of diameter 3mm to 10mm, be cut into l0 centimetre to 12 centimeter length, its lower end is tiltedly cut 45 °, the upper end straight snips, and keep 3 ~ 5 leaves, and be 1 group with 30 and tie, soaked 12 hours;
(5) the take root making of paste: with IBA, 6-BA and water configuration mixing material, wherein IBA is that 500mg/kg, 6-BA are 1mg/kg, and all the other are water; Mix loess then and be made into pasty state;
(6) processing of slotting fringe: will soak good cuttage bar base portion and dip in the paste of taking root, dipping in and getting the degree of depth is 2 ㎝, and cuttage is in the seedbed then, and the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of cutting;
(7) interior facility: take little shed in the 60 ㎝ height on the seedbed, cover film, insert the spraying equipment that declines with installing, spraying the radius radius is 70 ~ 100 ㎝; Come climate comfort through opening and closing discharge outlet and atomized water spray;
(8) management: watering for the first time permeablely after the cuttage, be later on atomized water spray, and maintenance humidity is 70 ~ 80%, and temperature is 15 ~ 28 ℃; Treat that new root forms back water spray early 10 o'clock every day, sprays 70% (weight concentration) thiophanate methyl or 800 times of liquid of 50% (weight concentration) carbendazim weekly once.

Claims (1)

1. a method that promotes that the bedleaf cherry plum cuttage is emerged is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) seedbed makes: adopt cement to make with the bottom surface around the seedbed, drainpipe is stayed in the bottom surface, and in the pipe, seal with stopper by collar extension in case matrix is bled for drainpipe internal orifice upper berth gauze, and outside air temperature is opened stopper in time more than 10 ℃, seals stopper during at 3 in afternoon; The wide 240cm in seedbed is separated into the little seedbed of a plurality of 120cm * 120cm with cement, and 3 discharge outlet that communicate with drainpipe are stayed in each seedbed, and the discharge outlet diameter is 5cm;
(2) matrix sterilization: perlite and vermiculite are mixed by weight 1:1, adopted 800 times of liquid sprays of 50% carbendazol wettable powder to water sterilization, one week of overlay film is for use;
(3) cuttage: at the beginning of by the end of October to 11 months, carry out cuttage;
The selection of (4) transplanting a cutting: select no damage by disease and insect, have no mechanical damage, the annotinous branch of diameter 3mm to 10mm, be cut into l0 centimetre to 12 centimeter length, its lower end is tiltedly cut 45 °, the upper end straight snips, and keep 3 ~ 5 leaves, and be 1 group with 30 and tie, soaked 12 hours;
(5) the take root making of paste: with IBA, 6-BA and water configuration mixing material, wherein IBA is that 500mg/kg, 6-BA are 1mg/kg, and all the other are water; Mix loess then and be made into pasty state;
(6) processing of slotting fringe: will soak good cuttage bar base portion and dip in the paste of taking root, dipping in and getting the degree of depth is 2 ㎝, and cuttage is in the seedbed then, and the cuttage degree of depth is 1/2 of cutting;
(7) interior facility: take little shed in the 60 ㎝ height on the seedbed, cover film, insert the spraying equipment that declines with installing, spraying the radius radius is 70 ~ 100 ㎝; Come climate comfort through opening and closing discharge outlet and atomized water spray;
(8) management: watering for the first time permeablely after the cuttage, be later on atomized water spray, and maintenance humidity is 70 ~ 80%, and temperature is 15 ~ 28 ℃; Treat that new root forms back water spray early 10 o'clock every day, sprays 70% thiophanate methyl or 800 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim weekly once.
CN2012100014999A 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 Method for promoting hardwood cutting seedling emergence of red leaf cherry plum Pending CN102511299A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102715005A (en) * 2012-06-30 2012-10-10 吴昌海 Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter
CN103404336A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for using cuttage for seedling raising of colored-leaf plants
CN103460944A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 南京大学连云港高新技术研究院 Prunus maritima marshall hard branch cutting propagation method
CN104041313A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-09-17 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 Method for planting potted plum tree
CN104396481A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-03-11 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 Prunus cerasifera cutting rapid propagation method
CN105580699A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-05-18 德清绿色阳光农业生态有限公司 Cuttage propagation method for prunus cerasifera
CN108966876A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-11 宁夏科育种苗有限公司 A kind of technical method of close branch bedleaf cherry plum hardwood cutting

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BE824086A (en) * 1975-01-03 1975-05-02 PROCEDURE FOR GROWING CROPS, CARRIER TO BE USED AND THE PRODUCT OBTAINED
CN1331912A (en) * 2001-07-25 2002-01-23 雷龙文 Soil-less grass planting technology for greening roof
CN2691246Y (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-04-13 山东省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Heat-storage and temp-keeping device for solar plastic tunel
JP2006288260A (en) * 2005-04-08 2006-10-26 Kowa Kk Plate for forming seaweed bed and raising feed organism

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BE824086A (en) * 1975-01-03 1975-05-02 PROCEDURE FOR GROWING CROPS, CARRIER TO BE USED AND THE PRODUCT OBTAINED
CN1331912A (en) * 2001-07-25 2002-01-23 雷龙文 Soil-less grass planting technology for greening roof
CN2691246Y (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-04-13 山东省农业科学院蔬菜研究所 Heat-storage and temp-keeping device for solar plastic tunel
JP2006288260A (en) * 2005-04-08 2006-10-26 Kowa Kk Plate for forming seaweed bed and raising feed organism

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102715005A (en) * 2012-06-30 2012-10-10 吴昌海 Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter
CN103404336A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for using cuttage for seedling raising of colored-leaf plants
CN103404336B (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-12-10 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for using cuttage for seedling raising of colored-leaf plants
CN103460944A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 南京大学连云港高新技术研究院 Prunus maritima marshall hard branch cutting propagation method
CN103460944B (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-12-10 南京大学连云港高新技术研究院 Prunus maritima marshall hard branch cutting propagation method
CN104041313A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-09-17 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 Method for planting potted plum tree
CN104396481A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-03-11 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 Prunus cerasifera cutting rapid propagation method
CN105580699A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-05-18 德清绿色阳光农业生态有限公司 Cuttage propagation method for prunus cerasifera
CN108966876A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-11 宁夏科育种苗有限公司 A kind of technical method of close branch bedleaf cherry plum hardwood cutting

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Application publication date: 20120627