CN102715005A - Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter - Google Patents

Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102715005A
CN102715005A CN2012102216637A CN201210221663A CN102715005A CN 102715005 A CN102715005 A CN 102715005A CN 2012102216637 A CN2012102216637 A CN 2012102216637A CN 201210221663 A CN201210221663 A CN 201210221663A CN 102715005 A CN102715005 A CN 102715005A
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cutting
cherry plum
autumn
winter
year
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CN2012102216637A
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吴昌海
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吴昌海
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Priority to CN2012102216637A priority Critical patent/CN102715005A/en
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter, belonging to the field of plant breeding. The method comprises the steps of selecting a 3-year-old to 4-year-old red leaf cherry plum parent tree, shearing and trimming branches from the parent three at a period from the middle ten days of October to the first ten days of November, and burying the branches in wet sand; and using river sand, mountain yellow mud and rice chaff ash as culture media, spreading the culture media on a seedling bed, sterilizing and disinfecting the seedling bed and cutting the branches at a period from the last ten days of November to the middle ten days of December in the same year, wherein a direct insertion method is adopted for cutting and attentions are required to be paid to overwintering management. By adopting the method, through scientific and reasonable management, the goal of transplanting seedlings in the first half year of the next year can be realized, the breeding speed is faster than the breeding speed of the traditional cutting method and the survival rate is enabled to be high. By using the method provided by the invention to culture red leaf cherry plums, the rooting speed is fast, the seedlings before transplanting grow strong, the stress resistance is higher and the cutting survival rate reaches 93 percent by adopting the method. Since a nursery garden is used for cutting and nutrient soil is self-prepared, mass production can be realized according to the demands.

Description

A kind of method of autumn and winter cuttage bedleaf cherry plum
Technical field
The present invention relates to the seedling propagation field, relate in particular to a kind of method of autumn and winter cuttage bedleaf cherry plum.
Background technology
Bedleaf cherry plum is prunus cerasifera again, rose family Prunus defoliation small arbor, and limb is aubergine, and the long-term aubergine of leaf is the famous veriety of viewing and admiring.Bedleaf cherry plum originates in the Central Asia and Chinese Xinjiang Tianshan one band, all sees cultivation through certain domestication in the most of provinces of China.Bedleaf cherry plum happiness light, anti-slightly the moon, cold-resistant, adaptability is strong, in afforestation, plays powerful effect, has good promotion prospect.
Usually adopt the method breeding Japanese plum of grafting, such as spring or summer grafting on the mountain wild peach stock, but the method cost of grafting is too high, the breeding cycle is long, morphs easily, the life-span lacks.Bedleaf cherry plum because of can't obtain efficiently, mating system fast, become and restrict the factor that bedleaf cherry plum is promoted always.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the method that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of autumn and winter cuttage bedleaf cherry plum that can breed fast in enormous quantities.
Technical scheme: in order to realize the foregoing invention purpose, the method for a kind of autumn and winter cuttage bedleaf cherry plum of the present invention comprises the steps:
(1) the selection age of tree is the bedleaf cherry plum elite stand in 3 ~ 4 years, embedding in the sand that wets after cutting the living then branch sturdy, that bud is full, healthy of choosing also to prune back classification, bundling from elite stand in mid-October to early November;
The quality of (2) pressing 2:2:1 with river sand, mountain yellow mud, rice chaff ash is than preparing culture medium, and the shop is spread across on the seedbed, and sterilizing carries out the cuttage of next step late November to mid-December in then then;
(3) take out the branch that is embedded in the said step (1) in the wet sand, obtain 8 ~ 10cm after the pruning, the slotting fringe of 2 ~ 4 buds is arranged, said slotting fringe was dipped the 50ppm root-inducing powder 2 ~ 4 hours, straight cutting is gone in the medium, overlay film;
(4) when outdoor noon, temperature was higher than 20 degrees centigrade, open film ventilation refining seedling gradually, guarantee seedbed humidity 75 ~ 85%, and carry out suitable rich water quality management, can transplant to early summer.
The present invention adopts dormant cuttings, avoids the due to illness nursery stock lethality rising problem that causes of insect pest of cuttage in summer, and the management through scientific and reasonable can realize transplanting 1 year first half of the year, and is also faster than traditional cottage method, and guarantees high-servival rate.Adopt river sand, mountain yellow mud, rice chaff ash to mix and effectively to prevent the germ invasion, keep seedbed humidity as matrix.Sterilizing can adopt 5 ~ 10g/m 350% thiophanate methyl carry out disinfection.
2. the cottage method of a kind of autumn and winter bedleaf cherry plum according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the wet husky humidity in place of transplanting a cutting in the said step (1) is 75 ~ 90%.
The present invention is through the mode of straight cutting, and with bigger otch, guarantee nontoxic aseptic in, execute through keeping higher humidity and rare fertilizer more, accelerate the rooting rate of cuttage seeding.Slotting fringe cuttage end after pruning in the said step (3) is a symmetric wedge, long incision 2 ~ 3cm.
As prioritization scheme of the present invention, taking root more to 1 year cuttage seeding is to strengthen the differentiation of cuttage seeding cauline leaf through applying a spot of gibberellin, and give the degree of lignification that improves cuttage seeding with enough sunlight.Said step (4) was sprayed the gibberellin of a 40 ~ 80ppm to cuttage seeding per 3 days of April.
Beneficial effect: the method for a kind of autumn and winter cuttage bedleaf cherry plum of the present invention can be cultivated a large amount of bedleaf cherry plum cuttage seeding at short notice, and the survival rate of cuttage seeding is 93%.
Embodiment
The method of a kind of autumn and winter cuttage bedleaf cherry plum of the present invention comprises the steps:
(1) the selection age of tree is the bedleaf cherry plum elite stand in 3 ~ 4 years, embedding in the sand that wets after cutting the living then branch sturdy, that bud is full, healthy of choosing also to prune back classification, bundling from elite stand in mid-October to early November;
The quality of (2) pressing 2:2:1 with river sand, mountain yellow mud, rice chaff ash is than preparing culture medium, and the shop is spread across on the seedbed, and sterilizing carries out the cuttage of next step late November to mid-December in then then, and the wet husky humidity in place of transplanting a cutting is 75 ~ 90%.
Adopt river sand, mountain yellow mud, rice chaff ash to mix and effectively to prevent the germ invasion, keep seedbed humidity as matrix.Sterilizing can adopt 5 ~ 10g/m 350% thiophanate methyl carry out disinfection.
(3) take out the branch that is embedded in the said step (1) in the wet sand, obtain 8 ~ 10cm after the pruning, the slotting fringe of 2 ~ 4 buds is arranged, inserting fringe cuttage end is symmetric wedge, long incision 2 ~ 3cm.Said slotting fringe was dipped the 50ppm root-inducing powder 2 ~ 4 hours, and straight cutting is gone in the medium, overlay film; Do not water immediately after the cuttage, begin progressively to carry out rich water quality management after the 3rd day, rare fertilizer is executed more, and applies the moisture of capacity, accelerates the rooting rate of cuttage seeding.
(4) when outdoor noon, temperature was higher than 20 degrees centigrade, open film ventilation refining seedling gradually, guarantee seedbed humidity 75 ~ 85%, and carry out suitable rich water quality management, can transplant to early summer.
Sprayed the gibberellin of a 40 ~ 80ppm to cuttage seeding per 3 days of April.
The present invention adopts dormant cuttings, avoids the due to illness nursery stock lethality rising problem that causes of insect pest of cuttage in summer, and the management through scientific and reasonable can realize transplanting 1 year first half of the year, and is also faster than traditional cottage method, and guarantees high-servival rate.Utilize the rooting rate of method cultivation bedleaf cherry plum of the present invention fast, seedling growth moulding before transplanting, resistance is higher, and the survival rate of this method cuttage reaches 93%.Owing to adopt the nursery cuttage, therefore nutrition soil oneself preparation can produce in batches according to demand.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention; Be noted that for those skilled in the art; Under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also make some improvement and retouching, these improvement and retouching also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the cottage method of an autumn and winter bedleaf cherry plum is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) the selection age of tree is the bedleaf cherry plum elite stand in 3 ~ 4 years, embedding in the sand that wets after cutting the living then branch sturdy, that bud is full, healthy of choosing also to prune back classification, bundling from elite stand in mid-October to early November;
The quality of (2) pressing 2:2:1 with river sand, mountain yellow mud, rice chaff ash is than preparing culture medium, and the shop is spread across on the seedbed, and sterilizing carries out the cuttage of next step late November to mid-December in then then;
(3) take out the branch that is embedded in the said step (1) in the wet sand, obtain 8 ~ 10cm after the pruning, the slotting fringe of 2 ~ 4 buds is arranged, said slotting fringe was dipped the 50ppm root-inducing powder 2 ~ 4 hours, straight cutting is gone in the medium, overlay film;
(4) when outdoor noon, temperature was higher than 20 degrees centigrade, open film ventilation refining seedling gradually, guarantee seedbed humidity 75 ~ 85%, and carry out suitable rich water quality management, can transplant to early summer.
2. the cottage method of a kind of autumn and winter bedleaf cherry plum according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the wet husky humidity in place of transplanting a cutting in the said step (1) is 75 ~ 90%.
3. the cottage method of a kind of autumn and winter bedleaf cherry plum according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the slotting fringe cuttage end after pruning in the said step (3) is a symmetric wedge, long incision 2 ~ 3cm.
4. the cottage method of a kind of autumn and winter bedleaf cherry plum according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said step (4) was sprayed the gibberellin of a 40 ~ 80ppm to cuttage seeding per 3 days of April.
CN2012102216637A 2012-06-30 2012-06-30 Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter Pending CN102715005A (en)

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CN2012102216637A CN102715005A (en) 2012-06-30 2012-06-30 Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012102216637A CN102715005A (en) 2012-06-30 2012-06-30 Method for cutting red leaf cherry plum in autumn and winter

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103404336A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for using cuttage for seedling raising of colored-leaf plants
CN103430801A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-11 张洪海 Method for height setting, layered distribution, rain sheltering and cultivating of jujube trees and device thereof for dwarfing, clipping, shaping and sheltering rain
CN108966876A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-11 宁夏科育种苗有限公司 A kind of technical method of close branch bedleaf cherry plum hardwood cutting

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5269706A (en) * 1975-11-28 1977-06-10 Toshio Masuda Growing mat for seedling made of fermentation treated peat
RU2079267C1 (en) * 1994-07-22 1997-05-20 Миляева Эльвина Леонидовна Method of producing rooted grafts of stevia
CN101433167A (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-05-20 北京师范大学 Earth column block for tree seedling cultivation and earth column seedling afforestation method
CN102511299A (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-06-27 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 Method for promoting hardwood cutting seedling emergence of red leaf cherry plum

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5269706A (en) * 1975-11-28 1977-06-10 Toshio Masuda Growing mat for seedling made of fermentation treated peat
RU2079267C1 (en) * 1994-07-22 1997-05-20 Миляева Эльвина Леонидовна Method of producing rooted grafts of stevia
CN101433167A (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-05-20 北京师范大学 Earth column block for tree seedling cultivation and earth column seedling afforestation method
CN102511299A (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-06-27 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 Method for promoting hardwood cutting seedling emergence of red leaf cherry plum

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张延虎等: "红叶李扦插繁殖技术及在园林绿化中的应用", 《绿色科技》, no. 3, 25 March 2011 (2011-03-25), pages 51 - 52 *
蔡军: "红叶李试管苗的快速繁殖", 《江苏林业科技》, vol. 2, no. 18, 31 December 1985 (1985-12-31), pages 18 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103404336A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for using cuttage for seedling raising of colored-leaf plants
CN103404336B (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-12-10 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Method for using cuttage for seedling raising of colored-leaf plants
CN103430801A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-11 张洪海 Method for height setting, layered distribution, rain sheltering and cultivating of jujube trees and device thereof for dwarfing, clipping, shaping and sheltering rain
CN108966876A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-11 宁夏科育种苗有限公司 A kind of technical method of close branch bedleaf cherry plum hardwood cutting

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