CN102150764A - Feed for meat ducks aged 0-21 days and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Feed for meat ducks aged 0-21 days and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN102150764A
CN102150764A CN2011101101951A CN201110110195A CN102150764A CN 102150764 A CN102150764 A CN 102150764A CN 2011101101951 A CN2011101101951 A CN 2011101101951A CN 201110110195 A CN201110110195 A CN 201110110195A CN 102150764 A CN102150764 A CN 102150764A
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weight portions
described
feed
chinese
chinese medicine
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CN102150764B (en
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黄河
李鑫
吕明斌
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山东六和集团有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses feed for meat ducks aged 0-21 days, which comprises, but not limited to, boiled milet, boiled egg yolk, bean meal, bran, fish meal, shell powder, salt, lard and traditional Chinese medicine additive. The raw material medicines of traditional Chinese medicine additive comprise acanthopanax roots, oldenlandia, schisandra, roots of tuber stemona, herba patriniae, cordate houttuynia, skullcap, isatis leaves, white atractylodes rhizome, red sage roots, astragalus roots, angelica, medical stones, malaytea scurfpea, dodder, white peony roots, purslane, land tax and labor levy, and golden buckwheat rhizome. The feed has the advantages that the nutrition is rich, which can greatly improve the growth rate of green ducks and promote the development of the green ducks; the additive has both medical and nutrient functions, thus being capable of preventing diseases and improving the productivity; the additive not only can sterilize and perform bacteriostasis, but also can regulate the immune function of bodies, therefore the feed has the function of nonspecific antibiosis, thereby greatly improving the total amount of ducks for sale and the yield of duck meat.

Description

A kind of 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of feed of producing as raw material with animal, plant, particularly a kind of 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Duckling was put in a suitable place to breed since 4 ages in week, and be brood time early stage, but stable breeding and raising in cages.Duckling is each supplementary feeding sooner or later 1 time, with the deficiency of makeup energy.Feed the principle of foot in half-full evening in the morning by and determine the supplementary feeding amount, and raise number of times and quantity, impel the duck free choice feeding by subtracting to feed.Along with the growth of duckling, can be according to putting the duck supplementary feeding that weeds, edible wild herbs, insect decision put duck in a suitable place to breed of pecking in a suitable place to breed.To put in a suitable place to breed is main period, carries out supplementary feeding after returning She Peng evening, and prepares enough drinking water, satisfies and drinks.Spring children will adapt to the exercise that ambient temperature changes earlier before age, duckling was put in a suitable place to breed, progresses into the garden of putting in a suitable place to breed.

The duck quality is a complex concept, influence factor is a lot, going back neither one authority's notion or index till now describes or judges, generally, four aspects such as organoleptic quality, deep processing quality, nutritive value, health quality that mainly comprise meat, what wherein the easiest consumer of causing paid attention to is organoleptic quality, and as the influence of the light albedo on the content of muscle color, hemoglobin, variable condition and surface, the local duck of herding for a long time is darker because of the big yellowish pink of amount of exercise.

Along with growth in the living standard, people are increasing to the demand of meat, and are especially fresh and tender delicious, low cholesterol, and it is more welcome to have the duck of cool blood effect on the traditional Chinese medical science.The breed of meat duck has tangible region, this main and economic condition, and social backgrounds such as population and nationality are relevant.At western developed country, in the poultry production meat duck aquaculture to be paid attention to inadequately, only ten thousand tons of ducks are produced in Europe per year, wherein mainly are kind ducks of France.Though Britain is the native place of cherry valley duck, produce only ten thousand tons of ducks per year, year consumption figure is on the low side per capita; The Australia and the U.S. duck consumption figure per capita are also very low; Therefore, developed regions such as European Union are the principle markets that the duck outlet is frozen in the outlet of present China.

The requirement that the meat duck of China's production at present and meat duck product majority do not reach exported country, main because China's tradition meat duck aquaculture is raised the epidemic-prevention fodder in the process and the improper use of feed addictive the meat duck, very easily causes duck and goods poisonous and harmful residuals thereof to exceed standard; Moreover be exactly that the duck process technology is relatively backward, the product that is fit to market demand is less, therefore outlet difficulty, and economic benefit is low.Add that international animal epidemic situation and food safety question are increasingly sophisticated in recent years, as the year of continuing sweeps across Britain's rabid ox disease of European Union, Hong Kong bird flu incident, the dioxin incident that European Union four countries such as Belgium cause, the aftosa incident of Taiwan and Japan has greatly influenced poultry prod, especially come from south east asia, and rapid spread is to the bird flu incident of global range, serious contusion the normal development of fryer aquaculture, meat duck aquaculture is produced harmful effect equally.

Though China has issued " food hygiene law ", and set up the residue criterion of some agricultural chemicals and heavy metal in the food, oneself has been through having formulated country and the nuisanceless poultry standard of agricultural industry, but further improves and raising being still waiting aspect production technology detection means and the supervision.It is the kind of strict control medication that the technology that present domestic raw material duck quality control technology mainly adopts has, the various medicines that approval is used are implemented to kill preceding drug withdrawal, be to use only to act on intestines and stomach the big molecule antibiotic that can not be absorbed by body such as flavomycoin etc. or chemical synthetic drug.In numerous factors that influence the livestock products quality, feed is the direct factor that is related to livestock products quality and security, and as the feed addictive of feed core, just seem very important how to develop safety, cheap, feed addictive is extremely urgent to the influence of meat duck production performance and meat matter.The application of antibiotic in bird produces is double-edged sword; The positive effect that antibiotic uses is that antibiotic and chemical synthesis class medicine improve the growth of animals or poultry performance, improves the animal and fowl fodder transformation efficiency.May and endanger relevant with the quantity of its minimizing animal gastrointestinal tract pathogenic microorganisms.For example, bacillus skin zinc has obvious inhibitory action to gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria, and be difficult for being absorbed by animal and bird intestines, be widely used in the animal husbandry and fishery feed addictive, same its report such as in fleshy duck fodder, be applied, in the daily ration of brooding of kind duck and Beijing duck, add bacillus skin zinc, can improve duckling growth rate miraculously; But only improve in fattening period growth rate, but feed conversion rate improves greatly.

But the negative effect of using antibiotic to use in a large number is also very fearful.Antibiotic desirable behaviour in service is, the antibiotic that uses can suppress the growth of pathogen infection and not influence non-pathogenic bacteria group's growth, avoid side effect, in other words, employed antibiotic reply pathogenic microorganisms has selectivity, and the trend of the antibiotic that this viewpoint and now preferential usefulness wide spectrum rather than antimicrobial spectrum are narrower is opposite.Only with suspicion or own through demonstrating the bacterium not of the same race of its different sensitive ranges, in the time of maybe may relating to infection really, just can there be sufficient reason preferentially to use broad-spectrum antibiotic, the theoretical foundation of strict antibiotic kind that Here it is, dosage and use rules.Yet, can resist all bacteriums without any a kind of antibiotic, in fact, each antibiosis have own antimicrobial spectrum own, in addition, some bacterial strain is also different to the sensitiveness of identical anti-bacterial drug in the bacterium of same kind, and some is originally to the bacterial classification of certain antibiotic sensitive, and the resistance to the action of a drug that may become after a period of time, bacterium develop immunity to drugs.

Though feeding antibiotic class medicine has greatly promoted the development of aquaculture, and be described as the milestone of animal nutrition in this century, but the antibiotic that spreads out more bad and more bad in recent years abuse problem, not only influenced feeding antibiotic drug effect and livestock products quality, and masses' consumer psychology has been produced negative effect.In China's meat fleshy duck fodder and the cultural technique, antibiotics feed addictive abuse problem is still very outstanding, awaits standard at present.The key that addresses this problem is that the development of new nuisance free feed supplement is to substitute the use of antibiotic additive agent for feeding in livestock and poultry.Because many drawbacks of feeding antibiotic class and chemical synthetic drug additive, its dosage of using and kind are all being controlled every year in countries in the world in animal husbandry, and the while is at the feed addictive of trying to explore other safety and environmental protection type.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, a kind of double action that has the property of medicine and trophism concurrently is provided, and both preventable diseases can improve the fleshy duck fodder of production performance again; Improve the survival rate of duck when brooding greatly.Fundamentally protect and coordinate the holistic health of livestock and poultry; can prevent disease; enhancing body's immunological function; drive away harmful parasite in the body, beneficial microbe group in the control agent gives full play to and improves the potential ability that body itself has; Chinese herb feed additive can improve digestibility, the utilization rate of nutriment; strengthen the metabolism of livestock and poultry, stimulate circulation, improve the speed of growth.It is direct bactericidal not only, and can regulate the immunity function of body, has non-special antibacterial action, and does not produce dependence; Abandon the injury of chemobiotic to the duck body, brand-new Chinese medicine additive is adopted in the side effect of remote-effects food security, reaches the requirement of pollution-free food pure natural.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, described feed includes but are not limited to: the millet that boils, the yolk that boils, dregs of beans, wheat bran, fish meal, oyster shell whiting, salt, lard and Chinese medicine additive.

Each raw materials in part by weight ratio can be 20 ~ 30 parts of the millets that boils, 10 ~ 15 parts of 3 ~ 8 parts of 10 ~ 20 parts of 10 ~ 20 parts of 20 ~ 30 parts in 20 ~ 30 parts of 5 ~ 10 parts in yolk, dregs of beans, wheat bran, fish meal, oyster shell whitings, salt, lards boiling, 1 ~ 3 part of Chinese medicine additive in the feed.

Described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, the ratio of weight and number of its each bulk drug of Chinese herbal feed additive may further include: wilsonii 10~20 weight portions, oldenlandia diffusa 10~20 weight portions, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 10~20 weight portions, the tuber of stemona 10~20 weight portions, field pennycress 10~20 weight portions, cordate houttuynia 10~20 weight portions, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10~20 weight portions, folium isatidis 10~20 weight portions, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10~20 weight portions, the red sage root 10~20 weight portions, the Radix Astragali 10~20 weight portions, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10~20 weight portions, medical stone 10~20 weight portions, Psoralea corylifolia 10~20 weight portions, the seed of Chinese dodder 10~20 weight portions, the root of herbaceous peony 10~20 weight portions, purslane 10~20 weight portions, Chinese violet 10~20 weight portions, cymose buckwheat rhizome 10~20 weight portions.

Described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, the formulation of its described Chinese medicine additive is preferably: pulvis subtilis decocts aqua or paste; Its using method is that the direct input of pulvis subtilis or paste goes into to mix even the use in other feedstuff; Decoct aqua when meat duck drinking water feeding.

Described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, the preparation method is when described Chinese medicine additive formulation is pulvis:

Described medicine components is mixed by proportioning, shredded 100~120 mesh sieves, the back fine powder that sieves is standby, coarse granule is put into the acid and alkali-resistance infusion kettle, at room temperature, steeps 15~30 days with the above ethanol of 90 degree, the liquid and the dregs of a decoction that dipping is good carry out squeeze and filter, get filtrate after the separation; Described filtrate heating is concentrated into pasty state, puts into drying in oven, grind to form fine powder after the cooling; Add the fine powder that sieves, be mixed into pulvis subtilis.

Described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, the preparation method is when described Chinese medicine additive formulation is paste: the bulk drug of getting described ratio of weight and number adds in 10 times of amount ethanol, heating and refluxing extraction 2 times, each 1~2 hour, filtrate is merged, get soup; Extract is left standstill.Above-mentioned two kinds of extracts are merged, will merge in the back 2 times extract suction decompression concentration tank, reclaim ethanol earlier, be decompressed to 0.03-0.08MPa again, temperature remains on 60-80 ℃, and being concentrated into relative density is 1.20, the medicinal extract that temperature to 60 is ℃-70 ℃.

Described extract is sneaked in the feed after medicinal extract can being pulverized in use.

The preparation method of described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, described preparation method's step is:

A. earlier the bulk drug crushing screening is made Chinese medicine additive;

B. again millet and yolk, dregs of beans, wheat bran, fish meal, oyster shell whiting, salt, the lard that boils in the described feed component is mixed and made into basal feed by proportioning;

C. in basal feed, add the good Chinese medicine additive of proportioning then.

In step a, can earlier described bulk drug mixed grinding be become fine powder, cross 100-120 order dusting cover, be prepared into described Chinese medicine additive, the grinding particle size of bulk drug is 3~5mm, makes its fine powder amount reach more than 80% of total material.

Among the described step b, earlier millet that boils and the egg yolk that boils to be pulverized, add other raw materials again and stir.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention also provides the Chinese medicine additive that uses in a kind of 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, and the ratio of weight and number of each bulk drug comprises: wilsonii 10~20 weight portions, oldenlandia diffusa 10~20 weight portions, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 10~20 weight portions, the tuber of stemona 10~20 weight portions, field pennycress 10~20 weight portions, cordate houttuynia 10~20 weight portions, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10~20 weight portions, folium isatidis 10~20 weight portions, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10~20 weight portions, the red sage root 10~20 weight portions, the Radix Astragali 10~20 weight portions, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10~20 weight portions, medical stone 10~20 weight portions, Psoralea corylifolia 10~20 weight portions, the seed of Chinese dodder 10~20 weight portions, the root of herbaceous peony 10~20 weight portions, purslane 10~20 weight portions, Chinese violet 10~20 weight portions, cymose buckwheat rhizome 10~20 weight portions.

Feed nutrition of the present invention is abundant, improves the growth rate of duckling greatly, also can promote duckling to grow.Additive of the present invention has the double action of the property of medicine and trophism concurrently, and both preventable disease can improve production performance again; Direct bactericidal not only, and can regulate the immunity function of body, have non-special antibacterial action, improve total amount of livestock for sale and the duck output of duck greatly; And meat flavour is fresh and tender good to eat, unique flavor; Do not produce drug dependence, can not influence the side effect of food security, adopt brand-new Chinese medicine additive, reach the requirement of pollution-free food pure natural, can obtain good economic benefit.Chinese herb feed additive has non-special antibacterial action; fundamentally protect and coordinate the holistic health of livestock and poultry; can prevent disease, enhancing body's immunological function is driven away harmful parasite in the body; beneficial microbe group in the control agent; give full play to and improve the potential ability that body itself has, Chinese herb feed additive can improve digestibility, the utilization rate of nutriment, strengthens the metabolism of livestock and poultry; stimulate circulation, improve the speed of growth.

The specific embodiment

In the meat duck breeding production, obtain best production performance and must further investigate,, add the growth promoter of safety nuisance free then according to the nutritional requirements formula feed to the nutritional requirements of meat duck, particularly in the stage of brooding, very important especially.As Chinese herbal feed additive, enzyme preparation, probiotics etc., competence exertion duckling optimum growh potential reaches good growth result, obtains good economic benefit.Add the growth promotion performance in feed, particularly improve the speed of growth, the feed addictive that improves feed conversion rate is the key technology of aquaculture research, but about the report of the growth accelerator of meat duck and action effect and mechanism very limited.

Along with the fast development of world's aquaculture and processing industry, at above-mentioned influence factor, carried out correlative study widely both at home and abroad, national governments highly pay attention to the quality and the security thereof of livestock products.At present, in animal husbandry developed countries such as European Union and North Americas, according to characteristics separately, worked out complete livestock products quality and the safe mass control criterion of a cover, and as guaranteeing the raw material Quality of poultry meatan issue of growing importance has been controlled with the legislation and law enforcement of strictness.The main technology that adopts has at veterinary drug uses present situation, all eliminates a collection of residual height every year to big veterinary drug and the additive of human body harm.Veterinary drug kind and chemical synthetic drug that some residual quantities of active development are low.Aspects such as the scientific research of China aspect livestock products quality and security compared with developed countries,, legislation and law enforcement are all more backward.

China's Chinese herbal medicine resource vast in territory divides abundant, aspect the development Chinese herb feed additive great potential is being arranged, a large amount of production practices and scientific research have confirmed that also Chinese herbal medicine has many nutritional labelings and bioactivator, as alkaloid, polysaccharide, volatile oil, boots matter, organic acid etc., have the double action of the property of medicine and trophism concurrently, both preventable disease can improve production performance again; Direct bactericidal not only, and can regulate the immunity function of body, have non-special antibacterial action.Therefore abandon the chemical classes additive, relieved feed addictive safe in utilization, making food reach the delicious effect of safety is our consistent pursuit; The more important thing is, the advantage of Chinese herb feed additive uniqueness is to have pure natural property, from nature animal, plant and mineral matter, and its natural structure and activity have been kept, the long-term use and drug residue free, the no resistance to the action of a drug and have no side effect, be good green medicated premix, also catered to consumers in general and poultry farming person pursuit, in poultry production, seem more meaningful so make feed addictive with Chinese herbal medicine to the poultry prod of green non-pollution no drug residue; But, at its application on domestic fowl farming, rest on the feeding experiment mostly, the lab analysis report is less, its hygiogenesis is inferred theoretically more, at present domestic and international research mainly concentrates on the research of its production performance that improves poultry and feed conversion rate, raising immunity of organisms aspect.

The extensive application of antibiotic in aquaculture when producing positive effect, also brought very important negative effect; At first be that the abuse of antibiotics meeting is developed immunity to drugs bacterium, the resistance to the action of a drug be bacterium in order to survive, conform, the spontaneous mutation result is that pathogen and nonpathogenic bacteria all can produce, the plasmid that bacterium will have drug resistance gene is transferred to other sensitive bacteria by cells contacting, produces drug resistance through amplification.Though the transmission frequency of r factor is very low,, under this frequency, still can causes the diffusion of drug-fast strain to spread, and can make cell produce the multiple resistance to the action of a drug because bacterial number is big, breeding is fast.Popularity and the big characteristics of consumption that antibiotic is used are arisen at the historic moment its residue problem in livestock products.These antibiotic mostly are macromolecular compound, and the microorganism that can act in the enteron aisle does not but absorb for animal body.But the antibiotic that excretes along with animal wastes can cause serious pollution to environment.Antibiotic fierce effect is to the normal equilibrium state that kills and suppressed often to destroy the animal and bird intestines flora of flora, ignored the importance of normal gut flora to nutrition digestion, absorption, secretion and immunity function, after having ignored adjusting, its result and causing drug withdrawal often to nutrition and immunology, because gut flora can not in time recover its quantity and function, again form shielding, and cause a livestock and poultry superinfection pathogenic microorganism and repeat illly, finally make livestock and poultry that the kind of feeding antibiotic and dosage are produced dependence.

Chinese herb feed additive has non-special antibacterial action; fundamentally protect and coordinate the holistic health of livestock and poultry; can prevent disease, enhancing body's immunological function is driven away harmful parasite in the body; beneficial microbe group in the control agent; give full play to and improve the potential ability that body itself has, Chinese herb feed additive can improve digestibility, the utilization rate of nutriment, strengthens the metabolism of livestock and poultry; stimulate circulation, improve the speed of growth.Chinese herbal medicine is of a great variety, and aboundresources can be gathered materials on the spot, and uses simple and easy, convenience, is easy to large-scale promotion and uses.The pure natural property Chinese herbal medicine mostly is medical practice confirmation natural plants or the product useful and harmless to human and livestock health through several thousand, can play disease preventing and treating, the effect that promotion is grown, its unique advantage is to use drug residue free, the no resistance to the action of a drug for a long time and have no side effect, and is good green medicated premix.Multiple functional Chinese herbal medicine is complicated organism, multicomponent own, and reasonable combination in addition, form the physiological function of the multipotency performance across-the-board regulation body of the unified uniqueness of Total tune, had the double action of nutriment and medicine concurrently, but both disease preventing and treating, can improve production performance again, have the nospecific immunity antibacterial action, a certain single chemical composition is difficult to mention in the same breath with Chinese herbal medicine, is that chemical synthetic drug is incomparable.Chinese herbal feed additive is theoretical and the animal different needs is formulated according to Chinese veterinarian by the Chinese herbal medicine of various flavor function, and is various owing to of a great variety, complex structure, composition, determined the Chinese herbal medicine of different compositions to have different effects.

China working people has long history as far back as the first two century in Christian era with Chinese herbal medicine as feed adding component in herding is produced, just record the fertile globefish pump of numb salt method in " Huainan: Wan Bishu ", pockmarks wherein and salt are exactly mixed feeding, also can be described as feed addictive; The centurial year for the end, China's feed industry enters developing stage, Chinese herbal feed additive is also fast-developing thereupon, a large amount of Chinese herbal feed additive works successively publish and distribute, achievement in research and product emerge in an endless stream, and with exclusive characteristic, developed in intense market competition; Lot of research shows that also what Chinese herbal medicine had both can make feed, additive capable of using as feed again, and antibiotic being good for the stomach of energy supplements the nutrients, and promotes growth, improves the productivity of poultry.

Specific embodiment 1: get the millet 2000g that boils, the yolk 500g that boils, dregs of beans 2000g, wheat bran 2000g, fish meal 1000g, oyster shell whiting 1000g, salt 300g, lard 1000g, Chinese medicine additive 200g, stir.

Specific embodiment 2: get the millet 3000g that boils, the yolk 800g that boils, dregs of beans 2500g, wheat bran 2500g, fish meal 1000g, oyster shell whiting 1000g, salt 400g, lard 1200g, Chinese medicine additive 100g, stir.

Specific embodiment 3: get the millet 2500g that boils, the yolk 600g that boils, dregs of beans 2500g, wheat bran 2500g, fish meal 1300g, oyster shell whiting 1100g, salt 500g, lard 1000g, Chinese medicine additive 300g, stir.

Specific embodiment 4: get wilsonii 100g, oldenlandia diffusa 100g, fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 100g, tuber of stemona 100g, field pennycress 100g, cordate houttuynia 100g, root of large-flowered skullcap 100g, folium isatidis 100g, bighead atractylodes rhizome 100g, red sage root 100g, Radix Astragali 100g, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 100g, medical stone 100g, Psoralea corylifolia 100g, seed of Chinese dodder 100g, root of herbaceous peony 100g, purslane 100g, Chinese violet 100g, cymose buckwheat rhizome 100g, shredded 100~120 mesh sieves, the back fine powder that sieves is standby, coarse granule is put into the acid and alkali-resistance infusion kettle, at room temperature, steeped 15~30 days with the above ethanol of 90 degree, the liquid and the dregs of a decoction that dipping is good carry out squeeze and filter, get filtrate after the separation; Described filtrate heating is concentrated into pasty state, puts into drying in oven, grind to form fine powder after the cooling; Add the fine powder that sieves, be mixed into pulvis subtilis.

Specific embodiment 5: get wilsonii 100g, oldenlandia diffusa 100g, fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 100g, tuber of stemona 100g, field pennycress 100g, cordate houttuynia 100g, root of large-flowered skullcap 100g, folium isatidis 100g, bighead atractylodes rhizome 100g, red sage root 100g, Radix Astragali 100g, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 100g, medical stone 100g, Psoralea corylifolia 100g, seed of Chinese dodder 100g, root of herbaceous peony 100g, purslane 100g, Chinese violet 100g, cymose buckwheat rhizome 100g, put into 10 times of amount ethanol after the chopping, heating and refluxing extraction 2 times, each 45 minutes, No. 2 extracts merging are left standstill, remove supernatant, reclaim ethanol.Above-mentioned two kinds of extracts are merged, and reducing pressure and being concentrated into liquor strength is 0.6g crude drug/mL, behind the suction filtration, when the relative density of filtrate is about 20 ℃ 1.08; Make paste.

Specific embodiment 6: earlier with bulk drug wilsonii 100g, oldenlandia diffusa 100g, fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 100g, tuber of stemona 100g, field pennycress 100g, cordate houttuynia 100g, root of large-flowered skullcap 100g, folium isatidis 100g, bighead atractylodes rhizome 100g, red sage root 100g, Radix Astragali 100g, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 100g, medical stone 100g, Psoralea corylifolia 100g, seed of Chinese dodder 100g, root of herbaceous peony 100g, purslane 100g, Chinese violet 100g, cymose buckwheat rhizome 100g shredded 100~120 mesh sieves, the back fine powder that sieves is standby, coarse granule is put into the acid and alkali-resistance infusion kettle, at room temperature, steeped 15~30 days with the above ethanol of 90 degree, the liquid and the dregs of a decoction that dipping is good carry out squeeze and filter, get filtrate after the separation; Described filtrate heating is concentrated into pasty state, puts into drying in oven, grind to form fine powder after the cooling; Add the fine powder that sieves, be mixed into pulvis subtilis.To get the millet 20000g that boils and yolk 5000g, dregs of beans 20000g, wheat bran 20000g, fish meal 10000g, oyster shell whiting 10000g, salt 3000g, lard 10000g in the described feed component, want earlier millet that boils and the egg yolk that boils are pulverized again, add other raw materials again and stir, add the 2000g Chinese medicine additive and get final product.

The various properties of Chinese materia medica in the Chinese medicine additive:

Radix Angelicae Sinensis: its flavor is sweet and weigh, so specially can enrich blood, its gas is light and hot, thus again can promoting circulation of blood, and bowl spares has, in going benefit is arranged, the gas medicine in the sincere blood, the also panacea in the blood.About mending of assistant to mend then, thus can support nutrition blood, the tonifying Qi production of sperm, five viscera settling, body by force, beneficial mind, all tangible deficient diseases, nothing is unsuitable.Assistant logical to attack then, so the defaecation bitterly of dispelling, relieving rigidity of muscles and joints is controlled contraction, paralysis, card such as dry, puckery.Seek void and the exterior syndrome being not relieved person, help with agent such as bavin, Pueraria lobota, fiber crops, osmanthus, the Biao Weire that can loose greatly, and table is not held back the person, and assistant can be shown again admittedly with rheum officinale and so on.Precisely because gas Xin Erdong, so desire its quiet person when keeping away it, the sliding benefaction of property is defecated and is not consolidated the person when keeping away it.All cloudy moderate heat Sheng persons, the active blood of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, also non-institute is suitable, cloudy deficiency of YANG of middle-JIAO person, Radix Angelicae Sinensis can nourish blood, and is indispensable.

The Radix Astragali is based on qi-restoratives, can invigorating qi for strengthening superficies, and diuresis holder poison, apocenosis, expelling pus and promoting granulation.Be used for that insufficiency of vital energy and blood, sore cave in, purulence becomes not burst or burst for a long time and do not hold back the person.The Radix Astragali has the function of good promoting pus discharge and tissue regeneration, i.e. the abscess suppuration myogenic of disunion for a long time.Modern medicine study shows that the Radix Astragali includes and multiple antibiotic effective ingredient, and the energy enhancing body's immunological function, therefore can also be used to prevent the generation of some infectious disease." book on Chinese herbal medicine meets former " carries: " Radix Astragali can all void of tonifying five zang organs, controls arteries and veins string spontaneous perspiration, rushes down yin fire, removes lung heat, losslessly then sends out, and has sweat then to end." be the good medicine of promoting resistance and defence disease.

The cordate houttuynia suffering is slightly cold.Return lung channel, be used as medicine, the traditional Chinese medical science thinks that its flavor is hot, cold, energy is clearing heat and detoxicating, sore, promoting urination and removing dampness, stomach strengthening and digestion promoting are treated in the detumescence of row's pain, with controlling lung carbuncle that real heat, heat poison, damp evil, disease heat are trouble, sore swollen toxin, hemorrhoidal hemorrhage, retention of heat in the spleen and stomach etc., list is used or the compatibility compound, the equal determined curative effect of the use of oral administration and externally or multiple Dietotherapy method among the people.Pharmacological research, the cordate houttuynia master contains volatile oil, and multiple components such as decanoyl acetaldehyde decanoy acetaldehyde have the inhibition antibacterial action to various Xenorhabduses, coccus, influenza virus, Leptospira etc., and can improve the human immunity regulatory function.

The root of large-flowered skullcap has heat-clearing and damp-drying drug, and cool blood is antiabortive, detoxicating functions.Cure mainly diseases such as warm heat disease, the infection of the upper respiratory tract, cough with lung heat, damp and hot jaundice, pneumonia, dysentery, hemoptysis, hot eyes, fetal irritability, hypertension, the swollen furuncle sore of carbuncle.The clinical practice of the root of large-flowered skullcap is antibiotic not worse than the coptis, and does not develop immunity to drugs.We are by the strong characteristics of broad-spectrum antibacterial action, and it is special severe to be used in the fungal culture microbial contamination, and are fine with root of large-flowered skullcap extract effect." Bencao Jingshu ": the root of large-flowered skullcap, its property is respectful clearly, so remove evil: so bitter eliminating dampness; So cold sensation of the genitalia wins heat, so main all heat.All hot persons, heat symptoms caused by an exopathgen with all over heat also, jaundice, intestines be out-of-the-way, let out dysentery, the disease of all damp and hot victory is also analysed it, then all diseases are from recover.Bitter cold can be removed damp and hot, thus small intestine profit and water from pursuing, the source is clearly then flowed also clean.The blood person of closing, real heat is at blood system, and instant heating human blood chamber makes us obstructed through closing, damp and hot separating, then Ying Qi is clearly and voluntarily also.Dislike sore subcutaneous ulcer erosion person, blood-head is then stayed knot, and is that the swollen stain of carbuncle is mashed also: fiery ulcer person, the internal heat blood trouble also, cool blood heat extraction, then self-healing also.

Folium isatidis is mainly used in the heat poison and sends out diseases such as spot, erysipelas, abscess of throat, aphthae, sore and toxic.This medicine extensive use is clinically in recent years controlled above-mentioned all diseases except that available, can be used for the strongly fragrant lung of phlegm heat again, cough up phlegm yellow thick; Especially be usually used in popular second encephalitis, but both single was applied to prevention, can cooperate radix bupleuri, honeysuckle flower, the capsule of weeping forsythia, Radix Isatidis, radix scrophulariae, the dried rhizome of rehmannia etc. again, can removing summer-heat the heat poison that divides of gas branch, battalion, availablely control various encephalitis, and comparatively suitable with the partial heat type." detailed outline ": " main pyrotoxic dysentery, jaundice, larynx numbness, erysipelas." " Lan Yezhi separates Chinese blister beetle, Yuan green grass or young crops, tree of heaven chicken, cinnabar, arsenolite poison." " book on Chinese herbal medicine is just ": " controlled the hot poison of pestilence and goes mad, the wind-heat macula, and large carbuncle swells and ache, and relieving thirst and restlessness ends nosebleed epistaxis, haematemesis, kills infantile malnutrition due to digestive disturbances or intestinalparasites erosion, metal-inflicted wound curare.All with the heat malicious person that holds concurrently, all should blue leaf smash juice and use it.

The tuber of stemona is sweet, bitter, tepor.Return lung channel.The moistening lung to lower qi cough-relieving, desinsection.Be used for new chronic cough and cough, pulmonary tuberculosis cough, pertussis; Be used for head louse outward, body louse, enterobiasis, private parts is disturbed and is itched.The honey tuber of stemona moistens the lung and relieve the cough.Being used for deficiency of Yin labor coughs.Tuber of stemona bactericidal effect is good, and can also prevent and treat cough due to wind-cold evil etc.

Seed of Chinese dodder Gan Xinping goes into liver, kidney channel.Tonifying kidney and benefiting sperm nourishes the liver to improve visual acuity, and is antiabortive.Be used for caused by liver and kidney deficiency, soreness of waist and knee joint, impotence and seminal emission, frequent urination and enuresis, two blurred visions are dark, diseases such as fetal irritability.Function tonification liver kidney, the controlling nocturnal emission with astringent drugs urine that contracts, antiabortive, make eye bright antidiarrheal.Being used for impotence and seminal emission, dripping urination, enuresis frequent micturition, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, blurred vision tinnitus, vaginal bleeding due to deficiency of the kidney during pregnancy, fetal irritability, spleen suffers from a deficiency of the kidney and rushes down.

Fruit of Chinese magnoliavine temperature; Sour, sweet; Return lung, the heart, kidney channel.Restrain astringent or styptic treatment for spontaneous sweating, nourishing generate fluid, kidney calming.The void that is used for coughing is for a long time breathed heavily, emission, and enuresis frequent micturition, endless diarrhea, spontaneous perspiration, night sweat, Tianjin wound is thirsty, the feeble pulse of losing heart, interior heat is quenched one's thirst, palpitation and insomnia.Fruit is made Chinese medicine function nourishing generate fluid, the nourshing kidney of astringing the lung, antidiarrheal, puckery essence, is calmed the nerves, and can control diseases such as chronic cough void is breathed heavily, dry is lacked in Tianjin, seminal emission is rushed down for a long time, forgetful insomnia.The pharmacological testing proof can be regulated the excitement and the process of inhibition of central nervous system, promotes body metabolism, regulates the secretion of gastric juice and bile, and rising person has the reduction effect to hepatitis convalescence transaminase.

The oldenlandia diffusa oldenlandia diffusa is HERBA HEDYOTIS DIFFUSAE, two leaves, bengal dayflower herb, Hedyotis diffusa Willd again.Mildly bitter flavor, sweet, cold.Go into stomach, large intestine, small intestinl channel, bitter-cold herbs expelling heat detoxifcation, sweet cold eliminating dampness and heat,, pharyngalgia swollen to carbuncle, snakebite etc. have stronger removing toxicity for eliminating carbuncles effect.Generally be used for the treatment of sore, abscess of throat, abdominalgia with intestinal abscess, venomous snake bite, also be used for heat and drench puckery pain, difficult urination.Be the good medicine of clearing damp of drawing out pus by applying a plaster to the affected part.

Medical stone is the traditional remedies of China, has the effect of soothing the liver, the removing toxicity for eliminating carbuncles of being good for the stomach, anti-ageing health care.Its main constituent has SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3 and CO2 etc.Medical stone has good stripping property and ion-exchange performance, and stripping property is better in sour environment.The pH value is 2.0 ~ 3.5 in the chicken stomach, and therefore, medical stone can provide required macroelement of meat duck and trace element, and good trophism is arranged.Medical stone also has certain biologically active, can promote the metabolism of organism and grows.Medical stone has loose structure, therefore suction-operated is arranged, and can adsorb noxious material, gas and moisture in the enteron aisle, suppress the breeding of bacterium in conjunction with the nitrogen in the bacterioprotein by absorption, harmful intestinal tract bacteria is reduced, the attenuation of intestines wall bacterial membrane, thus promote to digest and assimilate.It can also prolong feed in the gastral time of staying, promotes to digest and assimilate, and improves efficiency of feed utilization, reduces food consumption.

The bighead atractylodes rhizome can strengthen shrinkage amplitude, the contraction frequency of intestinal smooth muscle significantly, prolongs intestinal smooth muscle ST under anaerobic conditions, adjusts the gastrointestinal motility function, has antiulcer, protects the liver and strengthen the effect of body's immunity.Bighead atractylodes rhizome bitter, sweet, temperature.Return spleen, stomach warp.Cure mainly strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi, eliminating dampness Li Shui, hidroschesis, antiabortive.It is few to be used for insufficiency of the spleen food, and abdominal distension is had loose bowels, and phlegm and retained fluid is dizzy throbs with fear, oedema, spontaneous perspiration, fetal irritability.The bighead atractylodes rhizome has CDCC to oncocyte, can reduce the rate of increase of oncocyte, lowers the aggressive of tumor tissue, improves the ability of the antitumor reaction of body." property of medicine opinion " carries it: monarch, and it is sweet to distinguish the flavor of, and suffering is nontoxic.Can main big wandering arthritis, diarrhea due to disorder of qi for many years, trusted subordinate's distending pain, the broken place food that disappears, sputum is removed in appetizing, removes fever and chills, lets out under ending.Interarea light is pleased, and preserves youthful looks, and goes to deceive.The swelling of harnessing the river is full, tells to vomit contraryly, and crymodynia in the abdomen is vomited and diarrhoea incessantly, and the cold dysentery of stomach Qi deficiency.

Wilsonii: wilsonii flavor suffering, little hardship, slightly warm in nature.Return spleen, kidney, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin.Modern medicine studies have shown that the effect characteristics and the genseng of wilsonii is basic identical, has the disorder of the body of adjusting, makes it to be tending towards normal function.Good antifatigue effect is arranged, remarkable than genseng, and can significantly improve hypoxia-bearing capability.Bowl spares, smart, the strong will of benefit, dispel the wind wet, strengthen the bone, functions such as blood circulation and promoting silt, the diuresis of being good for the stomach.Obey for a long time " make light of one's life by commiting suicide and endure hardships ".Wilsonii contains noticeable composition---eleutheroside, and it can stimulate the mind ﹠ body vigor.Numerous scientific publication things about wilsonii have proved its antifatigue effect, strengthen endurance and ability, increase alertness and learning ability.Numerous usages have all obtained confirmation in human experimentation.Wilsonii is rehabilitation after being ill, bears too much pressure or anxiety, and it is excessive to work, and chronic disease causes weakly crowd and those need reach the very welcome self-medication medicine of philtrum on physiology and psychological performance peak.At present there is the report of considerable quantity to point out that it has the support immune system equally, recovers improper low blood pressure, improve the circulatory system, make disorderly glycolipid metabolism normalization, liver, testis, the anabolic effect of bone density and other vitals.But siberian Ginseng P.E shows irritation cell immunity.Discover that it can stimulate the T-cell to produce, particularly assistant's cell.Therefore wilsonii is used to the panimmunity relevant disease.Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi polysaccharide also has had strong inhibitory effects to mouse S180, human leukemia K562 cells in vitro propagation, and siberian Ginseng P.E contains multiple glucoside and Radix Et Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi polysaccharide, have improve immunity of organisms, increasing leukocyte, raising body to anoxic, radiation, stress, the adaptive capacity of non-specific injuries such as fatigue, poisoning.Tumour there is the obvious suppression effect, also can promotes marrow hemopoietic stem cells leucocyte to be increased simultaneously to grain-monocyte differentiation.

The red sage root: red sage root hardship is slightly cold.The thoughts of returning home, Liver Channel.Stasis-dispelling and pain-killing, activating blood to promote menstruation, relieving restlessness clears away heart-fire.Be used for irregular menstruation, through closing dysmenorrhoea, a lump in the abdomen causing distension and pain, chest ventral spine pain, and hot numbness pain, sore swells and ache, dysphoria and insomnia.Be used for the sternal rib hypochondriac pain, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, abdominal mass caking, sore swells and ache, fall fall forward grieved, irregular menstruation, through closing dysmenorrhoea, postpartum stasis of blood pain etc.Treatment sternal rib pain, abdominal mass caking, and irregular menstruation, have good effect bitterly through amenorrhoea.. " detailed outline " carries: the red sage root, by " the sensible opinion of married woman " cloud, Siwu Tang is controlled the gynecopathy, pays no attention to antenatal postpartum, through water what, all can be general, the only flavor red sage root looses, and cures mainly identical with it.The lid red sage root can break place blood, mends new blood, peaceful tire, and the stillborn foetus that falls ends metrorrhagia and stagnates down the menstruation regulating arteries and veins.Red sage root main component tanshinone has hemangiectasis, improves effects such as circulating, remove intravascular coagulation, has the effect of invigorating blood circulation trace, and can promote the liver blood circulation to be beneficial to liver cell regeneration.

Psoralea corylifolia: Psoralea corylifolia is returned kidney; The heart; Spleen; Stomach; Lung channel.Show that according to the study Psoralea corylifolia stimulates keratinocyte to discharge inflammatory mediator, act on the melanophore growth factor, make remaining melanocyte propagation in epidermis or the hair follicle; The Psoralea corylifolia flavor is hot; Bitter; Warm in nature returning through kidney; Pericardium; Spleen; Stomach; The lung channel function cures mainly: tonify the kidney and support yang; Promoting inspiration to relieve asthma; Warming spleen and stopping diarrha.The main insufficiency of the kidney yang; Below element deficiency and cold; Waist knee crymodynia; The impotence essence; Frequent micturition; The enuresis; The failure of the kidney in receiving air; Void is breathed heavily incessantly; Speen-kidney dificiency; Stool is rushed down for a long time." Bencao Jingshu ": Psoralea corylifolia, energy warming the kidney; Give birth to sun in the moon, the key medicine of sthenic fire benefit soil also.Its main general debility, the disease of lid edge internal lesion caused by overexertion, a lot of in speen-kidney dificiency, with its can warming the kidney, mend fire with the immature soil, being so incensed that to mend of kidney-Yang and rising in the kidney then then can digesting food, steam waste matter and change precise and tiny.Belong to lung on the spleen-QI transporting the essence to the whole body, support the five internal organs with honor, so the labor of main the five internal organs.The seven human emotions hinder disease of viscera connecting with this channel.The empty cold person of wind, because of yang-energy is decayed, and the then air-cooled visitor that takes advantage of a weak point in opponent's defence so that marrow hinders and loses, the cold smart stream of kidney, and kidney master bone store essential substances, marrow be smart this, the gas of kidney-Yang is solid, promptly before card see, solid itself and yang-energy is living, then preceding card removes in vain.The man is based on essence, and the married woman is based on blood, married woman vim and vigour person, and also still man's sun kidney that declines is cold and be the sunken disease of the blood degassing, with cold smart the stream also of man's kidney.

The root of herbaceous peony: the root of herbaceous peony goes into liver, the spleen channel, nourishing blood and liver, and slow middle pain relieving, astringe yin is received sweat.Control chest abdomen pain over the hypochondriac region, rush down dysentery stomachache, spontaneous sweating, fever due to yin deficiency, irregular menstruation, uterine bleeding, under the band, it is obstructed that married woman's blood closes, and the hemostasis that disappears can lose purulence, beneficial woman's blood." Japan hanako materia medica ": control wind, mend labor, all diseases of main woman, and all diseases in antenatal back, Tong Yueshui brings down a fever, relieving restlessness, beneficial gas, day hot disease of row, the pest miasma, frightened mad, married woman's blood fortune, and intestines wind are rushed down blood, hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula.Carbuncle on the back, the sore scabies, headache makes eye bright, and hot eyes is exerted meat.The many tonifying Qi of redness of the skin or complexion person, white person controls blood.

Field pennycress: the field pennycress nature and flavor are bitter flat, have effect clearing heat and detoxicating, the broken stasis of blood of apocenosis.Can cure acute appendicitis, diarrhea, leukorrhea with reddish discharge, the stagnant stomachache of the stasis of blood in postpartum, red eye, swell pain.Go into stomach, large intestine, Liver Channel.Cure mainly clearing heat and detoxicating, the carbuncle that disappears apocenosis, blood circulation promoting competent silt.Be used for acute appendicitis, lung carbuncle and sore and toxic, the chest abdomen pain due to the real hot stasis of blood stagnates, the stagnant stomachache of the stasis of blood in postpartum waits disease.

Purslane: the herb hyoscine has clearing heat and promoting diuresis, removing toxicity for detumescence, anti-inflammatory, quenches the thirst, diuresis; Seed makes eye bright.Modern study, purslane also contain abundant SL3 aliphatic acid and vitamin A sample material: SL3 aliphatic acid is to form cell membrane, especially brain cell membrane and the necessary material of eye cell membrane; Vitamin A sample material can be kept epithelial tissue such as skin, cornea and conjunctival normal function, participates in the synthetic of visual purple, strengthens the retina photosensitive property, also participates in many oxidizing process in the body.In addition, purslane also can make veterinary drug and agricultural chemicals; Young stem and leaf can be done vegetables etc.

Chinese violet: cure mainly clearing heat and detoxicating; Subduing inflammation.Main influenza; The infection of the upper respiratory tract; Tonsillitis; Catarrhal jaundice; Enteritis; Dysentery; Ephritis; Mumps; Conjunctivitis; Acute appendicitis; The furunculosis carbuncle is swollen; Scrofula." it is former that book on Chinese herbal medicine is asked ": cool blood, detumescence poison.Control blood-head muscle impotence, deposited sore is wonderful.

Cymose buckwheat rhizome: [English name] Wild Buckwheat Rhizome, [latin name] Rhizoma Fagopyri Cymosi.It is cool in nature, and flavor is hot, bitter, and effect clearing heat and detoxicating, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, invigorating spleen to remove dampness is arranged.The bacteriostasis cymose buckwheat rhizome all has inhibitory action to staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and liquor-saturated dose of effect is greater than aqua.Other has report; cymose buckwheat rhizome and each separating part thereof do not have vitro antibacterial activity; different times lumbar injection cymose buckwheat rhizome medicinal extract 83mg/kg before infecting has significant protective effect to abdominal cavity infection staphylococcus aureus mouse, but is infecting simultaneously or infecting then unprotect effect of back medication.

Description of test

1 materials and methods

1.1 test divides group selection

300 of 0 age in days cherry valley ducks are divided into 3 processed group at random, and wherein handling I and handling II is test group, add 1% and 2% Chinese herbal feed additive of the present invention respectively on the basis of control group; The processing III is a control group, and each handles 5 repetitions, and each repeats 20 ducks.

1.2 test diet feed

Adopt feed of the present invention, earlier with millet, yolk boils to pulverize and adds other raw materials again and stir.Wherein 0~7 age in days is raised and feed can be boiled, and feeds duckling, and 7~21 ages in days are this feed of feeding directly.Wherein the Chinese herbal feed additive of test group is made the pulvis use.

1.3 the feeding and management test period was ended from March 29,8 days to 2009 March in 2010, feeding period 21d.Brood time adopts the infrared ray insulation lamp of 250 W, and central temperature is 30~32 ℃, does bedding and padding with straw, takes off temperature after 1 week and removes the insulation lamp.Feeding period temperature on average is (22.0 ± 5.4) ℃.The highest temperature is 25 ℃, and the lowest temperature is 20 ℃, free choice feeding and drinking-water.The duck group is the strict sterilization system of carrying out in feeding process, must not contact with other duck group, and the keeper enters in the circle and must carry out disinfection, and non-keeper must not arbitrarily enter colony house.Apparatus such as the food basin that the duck group uses, water fountain must be special-purpose, must not use with other duck group, and the mensuration of regularly sterilize record and growth performance.

1.4 weigh when growth performance is determined at on-test, each of record weekly duck in all ages growth body weight and feed conversion situation, and calculate daily gain, feed intake and feed conversion rate.

1.5 statistical method adopts Excel and SPSS (10.0) software to carry out data and handles and statistical analysis, adopts D uncanShi method to carry out multiple ratio.

2 results and analysis

2.1 Chinese herbal feed additive is compared with control group to the influence of cherry valley duck production performance by table 1 as can be seen, the daily gain of test group II cherry valley duck significantly improves (P<0.05), and increase rate is 3.6%; Test group I daily gain has the trend of raising, but difference not significantly (P〉0.05), increase rate is 2.1%.Test group I and II feed conversion rate all significantly improve (P<0.01), and the rising amplitude is respectively 3.8% and 2.4%.The daily gain that Chinese herb feed additive can improve cherry valley duck is to a certain extent added in explanation in daily ration, improve feed conversion rate, and the test group II is better than the test group I.In addition, compare with control group, two kinds of feed addictives all do not produce appreciable impact (P〉0.05) to the feed intake of cherry valley duck.

Table 1 Chinese herbal feed additive is to the influence of cherry valley duck production performance

(?P?<?0.05)

2.2 Chinese herbal feed additive to the influence of cherry valley duck enteron aisle Escherichia coli and lactic acid bacterium number by table 2 as can be seen, compare with control group, colibacillary quantity has all reduced (P<0.05) significantly in test group I and the II cherry valley duck enteron aisle, the quantity of lactic acid bacteria has improved (P<0.01), and the test group II is better than the test group I, and to be better than the test group I in production performance aspect improving consistent with the test group II for this.

Table 2 Chinese herbal feed additive is to the influence of cherry valley duck enteron aisle Escherichia coli and lactic acid bacterium number

3. feed addictive is to the influence of cherry valley duck serum urea nitrogen, uric acid content

Table 3 shows, difference extremely significantly (P<0.01) between cherry valley duck serum urea nitrogen content is managed everywhere.The result of multiple comparisons shows that Chinese medicine interpolation II group and I group, control group difference is (P<0.01) extremely significantly, Chinese medicine interpolation II group and I group, control group significant difference (P<0.05); Serum uric acid content each handle between difference extremely significantly (P<0.01), through multiple ratio, Chinese medicine adds Chinese medicine and adds extremely significantly P<0.01 of II group and I group, control group difference, control group and Chinese medicine interpolation II group and I group difference is remarkable (P<0.01) not too

Table 3 feed addictive is to the influence of cherry valley duck serum urea nitrogen, uric acid content

4. result of the test

By observing, Chinese medicine fodder interpolation group cherry valley duck regularity is good, and premunition is strong, and the death rate is low, has certain anti-heat stress ability.Speed of growth dosing group faster level is significantly higher than control group (P<0. 01), and uric acid (UA), urea nitrogen (BUN) level are compared remarkable reduction (P<0. 05) with control group.This illustrates that this Chinese medicine additive has improved the metabolism situation of protein, thereby the nitrogen retention rate is improved.By observing, dosing group duck regularity is good, and premunition is strong, and the death rate is low, has certain anti-heat stress ability, improves the speed of growth of meat duck greatly, the favourable seasonal febrile diseases that occur in the multiple breed avoided.Chinese herbal feed additive contains rich in amino acid, and nutriments such as minerals and vitamins are beneficial to the deficiency of replenishing amino acid, mineral matter, vitamin in the diet, improve food utilization efficiency.And contain several physiological active substances in the Chinese herbal medicine, can play the stimulation growth of animals or poultry, keep the multiple pathogenic entero becteria growth and breeding of the effective inhibition of animal internal milieu normal equilibrium and improve intestinal environment, aspect effects such as adjustment normal intestinal flora are obvious.Thereby fundamentally protect, coordinate the body health of livestock and poultry, strengthen the immunity of body, beneficial microbe group in the control agent gives full play to and improves the prophylactic ability of body itself, improves the growth of animals or poultry performance, the purpose that reaches saving and reduce cost.

Claims (10)

1. a 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder is characterized in that described feedstuff includes but are not limited to: the millet that boils, the yolk that boils, dregs of beans, wheat bran, fish meal, oyster shell whiting, salt, lard and Chinese medicine additive.
2. according to the described 0-21 age in days of claim 1 fleshy duck fodder, it is characterized in that each raw materials in part by weight ratio is in the feed: 20 ~ 30 parts of the millets that boils, 10 ~ 15 parts of 3 ~ 8 parts of 10 ~ 20 parts of 10 ~ 20 parts of 20 ~ 30 parts in 20 ~ 30 parts of 5 ~ 10 parts in yolk, dregs of beans, wheat bran, fish meal, oyster shell whitings, salt, lards boiling, 1 ~ 3 part of Chinese medicine additive.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodders, it is characterized in that the ratio of weight and number of described each bulk drug of Chinese herbal feed additive further comprises: wilsonii 10~20 weight portions, oldenlandia diffusa 10~20 weight portions, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 10~20 weight portions, the tuber of stemona 10~20 weight portions, field pennycress 10~20 weight portions, cordate houttuynia 10~20 weight portions, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10~20 weight portions, folium isatidis 10~20 weight portions, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10~20 weight portions, the red sage root 10~20 weight portions, the Radix Astragali 10~20 weight portions, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10~20 weight portions, medical stone 10~20 weight portions, Psoralea corylifolia 10~20 weight portions, the seed of Chinese dodder 10~20 weight portions, the root of herbaceous peony 10~20 weight portions, purslane 10~20 weight portions, Chinese violet 10~20 weight portions, cymose buckwheat rhizome 10~20 weight portions.
4. according to each described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder in the claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterized in that the formulation of described Chinese medicine additive is: pulvis subtilis or paste; Its using method is mixed even the use for directly throwing in other feedstuff.
5. according to each described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder in the claim 1 ~ 4, it is characterized in that, described Chinese medicine additive formulation is a pulvis subtilis, and its preparation method is: described bulk drug is mixed by described ratio of weight and number, shredded 100~120 mesh sieves, the back fine powder that sieves is standby, coarse granule is put into the acid and alkali-resistance infusion kettle, at room temperature, steeps 15~30 days with the above ethanol of 90 degree, the liquid and the dregs of a decoction that dipping is good carry out squeeze and filter, get filtrate after the separation; Described filtrate heating is concentrated into pasty state, puts into drying in oven, grind to form fine powder after the cooling; Add the fine powder that sieves, be mixed into pulvis subtilis.
6. according to each described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder in the claim 1~4, it is characterized in that, described Chinese medicine additive formulation is a paste, its preparation method is: the bulk drug of getting described ratio of weight and number adds in the ethanol of 10 times of weight portions, heating and refluxing extraction 2 times, each 1~2 hour, filtrate is merged, get soup; Extract is left standstill;
Above-mentioned two kinds of extracts are merged, will merge in the back 2 times extract suction decompression concentration tank, reclaim ethanol earlier, be decompressed to 0.03-0.08MPa again, temperature remains on 60-80 ℃, and being concentrated into relative density is 1.20, the paste that temperature to 60 is ℃-70 ℃.
7. according to each described 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder in the claim 1 ~ 6, it is characterized in that described paste pulverizes when using sneaks in the feed.
8. one kind as the preparation method of 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder as described in each in the claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterized in that described preparation method's step is:
A. earlier the bulk drug crushing screening is made Chinese medicine additive;
B. again millet and yolk, dregs of beans, wheat bran, fish meal, oyster shell whiting, salt, the lard that boils in the described feedstuff is mixed and made into basal feed by proportioning;
C. in basal feed, add Chinese medicine additive then.
9. described according to Claim 8 preparation method is characterized in that, in step a, described bulk drug mixed grinding becomes fine powder, crosses 100-120 order dusting cover, is prepared into described Chinese medicine additive, the grinding particle size of bulk drug is 3~5mm, makes its fine powder amount reach more than 80% of total material;
Among the described step b, earlier millet that boils and the egg yolk that boils to be pulverized, add other raw material again and stir.
10. the Chinese medicine additive that uses in the 0-21 age in days fleshy duck fodder, it is characterized in that the ratio of weight and number of each bulk drug comprises: wilsonii 10~20 weight portions, oldenlandia diffusa 10~20 weight portions, the fruit of Chinese magnoliavine 10~20 weight portions, the tuber of stemona 10~20 weight portions, field pennycress 10~20 weight portions, cordate houttuynia 10~20 weight portions, the root of large-flowered skullcap 10~20 weight portions, folium isatidis 10~20 weight portions, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10~20 weight portions, the red sage root 10~20 weight portions, the Radix Astragali 10~20 weight portions, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10~20 weight portions, medical stone 10~20 weight portions, Psoralea corylifolia 10~20 weight portions, the seed of Chinese dodder 10~20 weight portions, the root of herbaceous peony 10~20 weight portions, purslane 10~20 weight portions, Chinese violet 10~20 weight portions, cymose buckwheat rhizome 10~20 weight portions.
CN2011101101951A 2011-04-29 2011-04-29 Feed for meat ducks aged 0-21 days and preparation method thereof CN102150764B (en)

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CN102845652A (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-01-02 吴百超 Chinese medicinal additive and feed for improving laying duck production performance and egg laying quality
CN102940155A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-02-27 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Duckling feed for cherry valley duck and preparation method thereof
CN103005203A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-03 山东蔚蓝生物科技有限公司 Formulation of meat duck feed
CN103598428A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 当涂县湖阳兴旺园养猪场 Compound feed for 1-2 months old ducks
CN104256087A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 合肥市好旺养殖科技有限公司 Feed for meat ducklings and preparation method thereof
CN105053655A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-18 河南科技大学 Muscovy duck survival rate improving feed during brooding period
CN105053638A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Meat duck mixed feed for meat ducks of 0-21 days old and 22-45 days old and preparation method thereof
CN105076794A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 皖西学院 Ecological daily ration for 0-7-day-age ducklings and manufacturing method of ecological daily ration
CN105360063A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-03-02 怀宁县绿洲禽业专业合作社 Method for ecological breeding of Gaoyou ducks
CN107173641A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-19 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of rice field fish culture fish meal and preparation method thereof
CN107637451A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-01-30 广西吉朋投资有限公司 A kind of rice leaf folder and the Ecological preventive way of snout moth's larva

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CN1113696A (en) * 1994-06-18 1995-12-27 段民生 Poultry fodder containing Chinese herbal medicines
CN101164436A (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-04-23 于亦胜 Method for producing feed for poultry
CN101536733A (en) * 2009-04-23 2009-09-23 尹贵良 Feed special for low-fat meat duck without antibiotic and fishy smell

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CN102524565B (en) * 2011-12-12 2013-06-26 杭州万羽养殖有限公司 Duck feed
CN102524565A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-04 杭州万羽养殖有限公司 Duck feed
CN102763785A (en) * 2012-08-07 2012-11-07 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Meat duck feed containing rice polishing powder and preparation method thereof
CN102845638A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 杨高林 Duck feed capable of preventing and treating avian influenza and Chinese herbal additive used therein
CN102845638B (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-09-10 青岛华仁技术孵化器有限公司 Duck feed capable of preventing and treating avian influenza and Chinese herbal additive used therein
CN102845652B (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-07-24 赵玉妹 Chinese medicinal additive and feed for improving laying duck production performance and egg laying quality
CN102845652A (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-01-02 吴百超 Chinese medicinal additive and feed for improving laying duck production performance and egg laying quality
CN102940155A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-02-27 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Duckling feed for cherry valley duck and preparation method thereof
CN102940155B (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-11-13 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Duckling feed for cherry valley duck and preparation method thereof
CN103005203A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-03 山东蔚蓝生物科技有限公司 Formulation of meat duck feed
CN103598428A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-02-26 当涂县湖阳兴旺园养猪场 Compound feed for 1-2 months old ducks
CN104256087A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 合肥市好旺养殖科技有限公司 Feed for meat ducklings and preparation method thereof
CN105053638A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Meat duck mixed feed for meat ducks of 0-21 days old and 22-45 days old and preparation method thereof
CN105053655A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-18 河南科技大学 Muscovy duck survival rate improving feed during brooding period
CN105076794A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 皖西学院 Ecological daily ration for 0-7-day-age ducklings and manufacturing method of ecological daily ration
CN105053655B (en) * 2015-08-11 2018-07-27 河南科技大学 It is a kind of that a kind feed for duck brood time survival rate can be improved
CN105360063A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-03-02 怀宁县绿洲禽业专业合作社 Method for ecological breeding of Gaoyou ducks
CN107173641A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-19 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of rice field fish culture fish meal and preparation method thereof
CN107637451A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-01-30 广西吉朋投资有限公司 A kind of rice leaf folder and the Ecological preventive way of snout moth's larva

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