CN102090310B - Soilless culture substrate for violet - Google Patents

Soilless culture substrate for violet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102090310B
CN102090310B CN2010105669057A CN201010566905A CN102090310B CN 102090310 B CN102090310 B CN 102090310B CN 2010105669057 A CN2010105669057 A CN 2010105669057A CN 201010566905 A CN201010566905 A CN 201010566905A CN 102090310 B CN102090310 B CN 102090310B
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China
Prior art keywords
violet
soilless culture
nutrient solution
volume
peat
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CN102090310A (en
Inventor
杨铁顺
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DASHUN INTERNATIONAL FLOWER CO., LTD.
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Tianjin Binhai International Flower Technology Park Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a soilless culture substrate for violet, which belongs to the field of plant culture substrates, in particular to the field of soilless culture substrates for violet. The substrate is characterized by consisting of peat cube, perlite and coconut husk in the volume ratio of (2-3.5):1:1. The soilless culture substrate is suitable for growing violet, makes a seedling grow strongly with a large amount of large and order leaves, meets the growing requirement of violet to a large extent, and remarkably promotes the remarkable increase of violet in the aspects of plant height, root length and root number.

Description

Soilless culture substrate for violet
Technical field
The invention belongs to the plant cultivation media field, particularly the soilless culture substrate for violet field.
Background technology
Violet stock violet (Matthiola incana) Cruciferae, Matthiola incana flowers, perennial herb, high 30~60cm, the starlike pubescence of complete stool tool grey.Raceme is given birth on the top, 4 of sepals, the both sides sepal base portion cryptomere of hanging down; 4 on petal, crosswise and are given birth to, and it is purplish red, light red, yellowish, white etc. that flower has, and fragrance arranged, siliqua.The nature florescence is 3~May, and fructescence is 4~June.The violet stock violet happiness cools, illumination is sufficient, draughty environment.Adaptability to soil is stronger, avoids highly acid soil, and suitable drought resistance is arranged.
The inorganic type soilless culture is adopted in China's floriculture greenhouse production more, grasps because the stability techniques of the configuration proportion of inorganic nutrient solution and nutrient solution is difficult, and management cost is high, and the culture technique difficulty is large, and its large tracts of land penetration and promotion is restricted.So conventional substrate culture raises next violet stock violet bad, affects the end product quality grade.
Summary of the invention
For present present situation, the present invention on the basis of the growth characteristics of understanding violet stock violet in depth, the soilless culture substrate that provides a kind of suitable violet stock violet to grow.
Soilless culture substrate for violet is characterized in that, take the volume ratio of peat and perlite and coconut palm chaff as 2~3.5: form at 1: 1.
Described peat and perlite and coconut palm chaff volume ratio are 3: 1: 1.
Described peat model is KLASMANN 930.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is fit to growing of violet stock violet, make seedling strong, leaf is leafy large, blade is neat, satisfied to a great extent the needs of violet stock violet growth, and soilless culture substrate has obviously promoted the obvious increase of violet stock violet aspect plant height, root length and radical amount.
Embodiment
This experiment is divided into invention group and control group, processes 50 strain violet stock violets for every group.Test is arranged in the sun light green house, selects the fine quality seed of violet stock violet, puts into 75% alcohol disinfecting 40min.Adopt again 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 20h after the seed disinfection, sow after drying.Sowing is in the dish of cave, and each seed tray is broadcast 50 seeds.After planting the shading screen with 40% shades before emerge.Thermophilic is 20 to 26 ℃ before germinateing, and intensity of illumination is at 1800~2500lux; After the germination, after bud grew 5cm, transplant planting was in the plastic cement basin, and slow seedling is after one week after the field planting, and carry out normal management: substrate temperature is controlled at 14 to 20 ℃, and relative air humidity fully parches matrix less than 80% before watering.Use nutrient solution in the violet stock violet process of growth, nutrient composition is: MgSO 47H 2O 350mg/L, Ca (NO 3) 24H 2O 850mg/L, KNO 3680mg/L, KH 2PO 4200mg/L, the electrical conductivity EC of nutrient solution<0.75Ms/cm wherein, the pH value is 5.2~5.6, only water clear water before emerging, emerge and adopt above-mentioned nutrient solution the rear first time, 1000 times of liquid are filled with and are executed (weight/volume, namely 1 gram adds 1000 ml waters), adopt 800 times of liquid fillings of above-mentioned nutrient solution to execute for the second time (weight/volume, namely 1 gram adds 800 ml waters), later on by 1000 times of liquid (weight/volume, namely 1 gram adds 1000 ml waters) use, filled with every 3 days and execute once, all soak the seedling disk base material at every turn, begin the seepage drop with the bottom and be advisable, time of application is every morning.Wherein perlite was soaked in water before usefulness in addition, can play the effect of filtration, removed impurity, also can bring into play perlitic nutritive peculiarity.
Example 1:(invention group): peat (KLASMANN) 930 and perlite and coconut palm chaff, three's volume ratio are 2: 1: 1 (control group): common garden mould
Two groups are all adopted said method cultivation violet stock violet, through one month cultivation, and the observation plant, after every group of processing taken the mean, plant height, root length and the number of blade of matrix respectively processed in record.
Example 2:(invention group): peat (KLASMANN) 930 and perlite and coconut palm chaff, three's volume ratio are 35: 1: 1 (control group): common garden mould
Two groups are all adopted said method cultivation violet stock violet, through one month cultivation, and the observation plant, after every group of processing taken the mean, plant height, root length and the number of blade of matrix respectively processed in record.
Example 3:(best group): peat (KLASMANN) 930 and perlite and coconut palm chaff, three's volume ratio are 3: 1: 1 (control group): common garden mould
Two groups are all adopted said method cultivation violet stock violet, through one month cultivation, and the observation plant, after every group of processing taken the mean, plant height, root length and the number of blade of matrix respectively processed in record.
Cultivated one month, the observation plant, record plant height, root length and blade quantity, the result is as follows for record:

Claims (2)

1. the violet stock violet soilless culture method is characterized in that, in sun light green house, the violet stock violet preferred seed is put into 75% alcohol disinfecting 40min; Adopt again 0.1% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 20h after the seed disinfection, sow after drying; Sowing is in the dish of cave; After planting the shading screen with 40% shades before emerge; Thermophilic is 20 to 26 ℃ before germinateing, and intensity of illumination is at 1800~2500lux; After the germination, after bud grew 5cm, transplant planting was in the plastic cement basin, and slow seedling is after one week after the field planting, and carry out normal management: substrate temperature is controlled at 14 to 20 ℃, and relative air humidity fully parches matrix less than 80% before watering; Use nutrient solution in the violet stock violet process of growth, nutrient composition is: MgSO 47H 2O350mg/L, Ca (NO 3) 24H 2O 850mg/L, KNO 3680mg/L, KH 2PO 4200mg/L, the electrical conductivity EC of nutrient solution<0.75Ms/cm wherein, the pH value is 5.2~5.6, only water clear water before emerging, adopt above-mentioned nutrient solution the rear first time of emerging, 1000 times of liquid are filled with and are executed, weight/volume, namely 1 gram adds 1000 ml waters, adopts 800 times of liquid fillings of above-mentioned nutrient solution to execute weight/volume for the second time, namely 1 gram adds 800 ml waters, by 1000 times of liquid, weight/volume is used later on, execute once every filling in 3 days, all soak the seedling disk base material, the bottom begins the seepage drop at every turn, and time of application is every morning; Described matrix is made of with 2: 1: 1 volume ratios peat, perlite and coconut palm chaff, and described peat model is KLASMANN 930.
2. violet stock violet soilless culture method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described perlite was soaked in water before usefulness.
CN2010105669057A 2010-11-29 2010-11-29 Soilless culture substrate for violet Active CN102090310B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938313A (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-09-30 广西大学 Cheiranthus cheiri soilless culture substrate

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102584441B (en) * 2012-02-14 2013-12-11 上海市农业科学院 Cultivation matrix and cultivation method for zantedeschia hybrida cut flower
CN104396506A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-03-11 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Violet planting method
CN104446771A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 柳州市潮林机械有限公司 Special nutrient soil for violet

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1739340A (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-03-01 易自力 Plant tissue culture technology for producing mosquito repelling weed
CN101766112A (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-07-07 广州绿航农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of scindapsus aureus hanging basket

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1739340A (en) * 2004-08-24 2006-03-01 易自力 Plant tissue culture technology for producing mosquito repelling weed
CN101766112A (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-07-07 广州绿航农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of scindapsus aureus hanging basket

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
廖飞雄等.非洲紫罗兰的组织培养和快速繁殖技术改进.《花卉研究20年——广东省农业科学院花卉研究所建所20周年论文选集》.2004,第181-182页第2.2部分. *
许霖庆.非洲紫罗兰——最可人的室内花卉(下).《中国花卉盆景》.1998,(第12期),第24-25页. *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938313A (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-09-30 广西大学 Cheiranthus cheiri soilless culture substrate

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Address after: 300300 Dongli District, Tianjin Huan Huan Road, No. 6901

Patentee after: DASHUN INTERNATIONAL FLOWER CO., LTD.

Address before: 300300 Dongli District, Tianjin Huan Huan Road, No. 6901

Patentee before: Tianjin Binhai International Flower Technology Park Co., Ltd.

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Denomination of invention: Soilless culture substrate for violet

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