CN101306965A - Growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond - Google Patents

Growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101306965A
CN101306965A CNA2008101233605A CN200810123360A CN101306965A CN 101306965 A CN101306965 A CN 101306965A CN A2008101233605 A CNA2008101233605 A CN A2008101233605A CN 200810123360 A CN200810123360 A CN 200810123360A CN 101306965 A CN101306965 A CN 101306965A
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China
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water
growth
pond
aquaculture
pasture
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CNA2008101233605A
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CN101306965B (en
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吴伟
陈家长
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Abstract

The invention relates to an aquaculture pond float grass growth-promoting agent, belonging to the aquaculture technical field. The compositions in percentage by weight of the growth-promoting agent are: 4 to 6 percent of alpha-naphthylacetic acid, 15 to 20 percent of potassium sulphate, 0.4 to 0.6 percent of EDTA iron chelate, 0.4 to 0.6 percent of EDTA copper chelate and 74 to 80 percent of pure water, wherein pure water is heated up and then alpha-naphthylacetic acid is added in and dissolved in the pure water; when the solution is cooled down, potassium sulphate, EDTA iron chelate and EDTA copper chelate are added in and stirred evenly so as to obtain a finished product. The aquaculture pond float grass growth-promoting agent is free from the influence of environmental conditions and has convenient use and low application amount which is only 1 KG for every mu of water surface and every meter in depth; when used, the growth-promoting agent has quick returns and stable effects, and can quickly promote the growth of the float grass in a pond so as to reduce the content of nitrogen and phosphorous in water and to improve the environmental quality of the pond and the survival conditions of aquaculture organisms; therefore, the growth-promoting agent can effectively prevent aquaculture organism diseases and paroxysmal death, and increases the output and the quality of aquaculture organisms.

Description

A kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond, belong to technical field of aquaculture.
Background technology
The main water body that pond ecosystem is simple in structure because of it, controllability becomes aquaculture production by force occupies critical role in the fishery economic of China.In the pond culture of China particularly in the breed of shrimp crab class, the growth of pasture and water for keep pond ecosystem stable, improve cultured output and benefit has great importance.At first, pasture and water can be aquaculture organism abundant natural bait are provided.Pasture and water itself are exactly the good vegetal bait of aquaculture organism on the one hand, as: eel grass, Herba potamogetonis distincti, hydrilla verticillata, duckweed, water peanut etc.; The abundant place of pasture and water on the other hand, various planktonic organisms, aquatic insect, small fish and shrimp, shellfish quantity are more, give again to culture the biozone and come agreeable to the taste animal bait.Secondly, pasture and water can be that aquaculture organism provides good and perches, shell, sheltered situation.As can in pasture and water, concealing after shrimp, the crab shell, make its similar and harmful organisms be difficult for realizing, thereby reduced the possibility that is killed and devour, improve the surviving rate of soft shell shrimp crab.Aquaculture organism can be climbed on pasture and water, ingest at ordinary times, is subject to solar radiation, promotes calcareous absorption, helps the growth of crust.In the hot summer, when water temperature was too high, aquaculture organism can be hidden in pasture and water, and sunshade is enjoyed the cool.In winter, pasture and water also have good insulation effect.Most importantly pasture and water can purify water, and improve environment, for the growth of aquaculture organism provides the fine ecotope.Pasture and water carry out photosynthesis, can increase dissolved oxygen in water, are the primary productivities in the water body environment.Pasture and water can absorb ammonia nitrogen and inorganic nutrients salt in the water again, the nutrition source of competition algal grown, alleviate fertile degree with desalination water, reduce the harm of ammonia nitrogen, nitrite to aquaculture organism, also can increase water transparency, stablize the pH value, make water body keep meta-alkalescence, help the g and D of aquaculture organism.
The pond is owing to the difference of its background situation, and the pasture and water growth also is not quite similar.Natural waterweeds is more in some geographic pond, and most of ponds then need to transplant pasture and water.After pasture and water were transplanted, because of being subjected to the influence of bottom material of pond for breeding, nutritional condition, its survival rate, growing state also were not quite similar.Therefore how to promote that the growth of pond pasture and water is pond culture, particularly the focus of shrimp crayfish culture concern.
Prior art mainly is to transplant the back at fertilization in aquaculture in pasture and water, to promote the growth of pasture and water.But water body is used is general fertilizer for fish feed material and general fertilizer, based on nitrogen phosphorus.Such method has certain effect to the growth of pasture and water, but can stimulate the breeding of algae in the water equally, causes the water quality overrich.Not only influence the ecological functions of pasture and water, and suppressed growing up healthy and sound of pasture and water again.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, a kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond is provided, utilize chemical substances such as plant hormone, inorganic potash fertilizer, chelated metal trace element, through assembly rationally, promote the growth of pasture and water in the cultivating pool fast, prevent body eutrophication, keep the pond ecological homeostasis, for aquaculture organisms is built a good water body environment.
Main solution of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond of the present invention, it forms proportioning percentage ratio meter by weight:
The present invention gets α-Nai Yisuan: 4%~6%, and vitriolate of tartar is: 15%~20%, the EDTA chelated iron is: 0.4%~0.6%, the EDTA chelated copper is: 0.4%~0.6%, pure water 74%~80%.
Said components is weighed in proportion, then pure water is heated, add α-Nai Yisuan and soluble in water to 60~65 ℃, treat the solution cooling after, add vitriolate of tartar, EDTA chelated iron and EDTA chelated copper again, the back that stirs is finished product.
Compared with the prior art the present invention has the following advantages:
The present invention utilizes the number of chemical composition harmless to aquaculture organisms, by plant hormone, potash fertilizer and chelating attitude micro-metals, the promotion pasture and water take root and germinate fast, promote the pasture and water growth, strengthen photosynthesis, suppress algae excessive propagation, build the pond ecotope that helps aquaculture organism existence and growth; Pond of the present invention pasture and water growth nutrition is easy to use, is not subjected to the influence of envrionment conditions, and usage quantity is little, and the consumption of every meter depth of water of every mu of water surface only is 1 kilogram; Use back instant effect and effect stability, can promote the growth of pasture and water in the pond fast, reduce the content of nitrogen phosphorus in the water of pond, improve the environmental quality in pond, improve the aquaculture organism life condition, effectively prevent aquaculture organism disease and sudden death, improve the output and the quality of aquaculture organism.
Embodiment
Following the present invention will be further described in conjunction with the embodiments:
A kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond of the present invention, its set of dispense are than (percentage ratio meter by weight):
Embodiment one:
Getting α-Nai Yisuan in the embodiment of the invention is: 5%, and vitriolate of tartar is: 20%, the EDTA chelated iron is: 0.5%, the EDTA chelated copper is: 0.5%, pure water 74%.Said components is weighed in total amount 1000g ratio, then pure water is heated to 60 ℃, dissolve in α-Nai Yisuan, treat that solution is cooled to room temperature after, residual sulfuric acid potassium, EDTA chelated iron and EDTA chelated copper material are dissolved in one by one again, stir the back can.Vanning is at last put in storage.
The action principle of each component is as follows among the present invention:
1, α-Nai Yisuan: molecular formula is C 12H 10O 2, molecular weight is 186.2, and pure product are colourless crystallization, and 130 ℃ of fusing points are soluble in organic solvents such as acetone, ether, chloroform, are dissolved in cold water hardly, are soluble in hot water.Normal temperature is stored down, and active constituent content changes little.α-Nai Yisuan is met alkali can generate salt soluble in water.Rat acute per os LD 50Be 1000-5900mg/kg,, skin and mucous membrane had hormesis, belong to the low toxicity plant-growth regulator the higher animal low toxicity.α-Nai Yisuan is a kind of wide spectrum, efficient plant growth regulator, has the effect characteristics and the physiological function of the growth hormone indolylacetic acid of plant itself, can promote cell fission and expand, induce the formation adventive root, increase is beared fruit, and prevents shedding, changes male and female flowering ratio etc.In addition, can also make crop increase drought resisting, ability cold-resistant, waterlogging-resistant, resistant to lodging, promote that the cuttage branch is taken root.α-Nai Yisuan can enter in the plant materials through positions such as the tender epidermis of blade, branch, seeds, and transporting is applicable to crops such as grain, vegetables, fruit to site of action.
The used α-Nai Yisuan of the present invention is the former powder of medicine, by being mixed with the aqueous solution, so that absorption of pasture and water and utilization.Its action principle is to promote pasture and water to take root, and promotes the plant cell fission, regulates the growth of pasture and water, make pasture and water with the struggle for existence of algae in preponderate.
2, vitriolate of tartar: the molecular formula of vitriolate of tartar is K 2SO 4, theory contains potassium (K 2O) 54%, be generally 50%, it is about 18% also to contain sulphur, and sulphur also is the essential nutritive element of crop.Vitriolate of tartar is the colourless crystallization body, and water absorbability is little, prevented from caking, and physical behavior is good, uses conveniently, be good water soluble potassic fertilizer.Potassium is one of plant nutrition three elements.Different with nitrogen, phosphoric, potassium is ionic state in plant materials, has the perviousness, flowability of height and the characteristics of utilization again.Potassium plays keying action to the activation of 60 plurality of enzymes systems in plant materials, also play a part positive to photosynthesis.The plant that potassium nutrition is good, stomatal number and pore opening that can the unit of adjusting blade face promote carbonic acid gas (CO 2) and from the oxygen (O of leaf texture 2) exchange; The Potassium content abundance can be accelerated the transporting rate of crop conduit and screen casing, and promotes the multiple metabolic process of crop.Potassium element often is called as " product prime element ", and it can impel plant to utilize nitrogen preferably, increases Protein content; Kernel, seed, fruit and stem tuber, piece root are increased, and shape and color and luster are attractive in appearance; Improve the oleaginousness of oil crops, increase ascorbic content in the fruit; Quicken the maturation of fruit, vegetables and other plant, the ripening stage is reached unanimity; The enhancing plant is anti-damages and the ability of rotting naturally, prolongs to store and transport the time limit; Increase intensity, length and the fineness of cotton, crudefiber crop fiber, color and luster purity.Potassium can improve plant thing resistance, as the ability of drought resisting, the invasion and attack of cold-resistant, resistant to lodging, disease and insect resistance.
The present invention mainly utilizes the characteristics of potash fertilizer, when promoting the pasture and water growth, suppresses the algae grows breeding.
3, EDTA chelated iron and copper: the EDTA chelated iron has another name called Sytron or three ethylenediamine hydrate tetraacethyl iron (NaFeEDTA), and molecular formula is NaFeC 10H 12N 2O 83H 2O, molecular weight are 421.11, for light yellow or tawny powder, are slightly acidic, and be soluble in water, has oxidisability.As uses such as chelated microelement fertilizer, trace-element nutrient, polyreaction auxiliary agent, photographic chemistry product additives, than general iron absorption rate height, be mainly used in benefit iron, solve the plant yellowtop.Using method is foliage-spray, underground ditch spread, drip irrigation etc.EDTA chelated copper, molecular formula are EDTACuNa 2, molecular weight is 397.7, is blue powder, and is soluble in water, copper exists with the chelating attitude, as trace-element nutrient, is used for agricultural.
The present invention is used to be EDTA chelated iron and copper, and major function is a trace element supplement, promotes the pasture and water growth.
Embodiment two:
A kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond of the present invention, its set of dispense are than (percentage ratio meter by weight):
Getting α-Nai Yisuan in the embodiment of the invention is: 5%, and vitriolate of tartar is: 15%, the EDTA chelated iron is: 0.5%, the EDTA chelated copper is: 0.5%, pure water 79%.Said components is weighed in total amount 1000g ratio, then pure water is heated to 62 ℃, dissolve in α-Nai Yisuan.After treating that solution is cooled to room temperature, leftover materials are dissolved in one by one again, the back can stirs.Vanning is at last put in storage.
Embodiment three:
A kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond of the present invention, its set of dispense is than (percentage ratio meter by weight): getting α-Nai Yisuan in the embodiment of the invention is: 4.8%, and vitriolate of tartar is: 18%, the EDTA chelated iron is: 0.6%, the EDTA chelated copper is: 0.6%, and pure water 76%.Said components is weighed in total amount 1000g ratio, then pure water is heated to 60 ℃, dissolve in α-Nai Yisuan.After treating that solution is cooled to room temperature, leftover materials are dissolved in one by one again, the back can stirs.Vanning is at last put in storage.
Result of use of the present invention is as follows:
A certain river crab cultivation pond uses in Yixing, Jiangsu, and 5 mu of areas have been planted waterweed in the pond.The biomass of waterweed is 420g/m in the time of at the beginning of 4 months 2, the high 33cm of plant.The pond water colour was bad at that time, and ammonia nitrogen in the water quality, nitrite are higher, and the pasture and water growth is not good.A fine morning 10 the name a person for a particular job pond growth promoter for aquatic of above-mentioned prescription be used for culturing the pond, consumption is 1Kg/ mu Mi Shuishen, concentrate and splash in the pasture and water place, every 7 days with once.Biomass with back one month waterweed is 1025g/m 2, (biomass of control group waterweed is 825g/m to the high 45cm of plant 2, the high 40cm of plant), the pasture and water growth is obviously.Water colour greatly takes a turn for the better, and transparency increases, and ammonia nitrogen, nitrite and hydrogen sulfide content are reduced to normal level in the water body, and the activity of crab class is normal.
A certain river crab cultivation pond uses in Suzhou, Jiangsu, and 5 mu of areas have been planted waterweed in the pond.Mid-April, the biomass of waterweed was 535g/m 2, the high 38cm of plant.The pond water colour was bad at that time, and ammonia nitrogen in the water quality, nitrite are higher, and the pasture and water growth is not good.A fine morning 10 the name a person for a particular job pond growth promoter for aquatic of above-mentioned prescription be used for culturing the pond, consumption is 1Kg/ mu Mi Shuishen, concentrate and splash in the pasture and water place, every 10 days with once.Biomass with back one month waterweed is 1130g/m 2, (biomass of control group waterweed is 968g/m to the high 48cm of plant 2, the high 42cm of plant), the pasture and water growth is obviously.Water colour greatly takes a turn for the better, and transparency increases, and ammonia nitrogen, nitrite and hydrogen sulfide content are reduced to normal level in the water body, and the activity of crab class is normal.
Use at a certain river crab cultivation pond of jiangsu wuxi, 5 mu of areas have been planted hydrilla verticillata in the pond.The biomass of hydrilla verticillata is 355g/m in the time of at the beginning of 4 months 2, the high 32cm of plant.The pond water colour was bad at that time, and ammonia nitrogen in the water quality, nitrite are higher, and the pasture and water growth is not good.A fine morning 10 the name a person for a particular job pond growth promoter for aquatic of above-mentioned prescription be used for culturing the pond, consumption is 1Kg/ mu Mi Shuishen, concentrate and splash in the pasture and water place, every 7 days with once.Biomass with back one month hydrilla verticillata is 948g/m 2, (biomass of control group hydrilla verticillata is 810g/m to the high 40cm of plant 2, the high 36cm of plant), the pasture and water growth is obviously.Water colour greatly takes a turn for the better, and transparency increases, and ammonia nitrogen, nitrite and hydrogen sulfide content are reduced to normal level in the water body, and the activity of crab class is normal.

Claims (1)

1, a kind of growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond, it is characterized in that: getting α-Nai Yisuan is: 4~6 weight %, and vitriolate of tartar is: 15~20 weight %, the EDTA chelated iron is: 0.4~0.6 weight %, the EDTA chelated copper is: 0.4~0.6 weight %, pure water 74%~80 weight %;
Earlier pure water is heated, it is soluble in water to add α-Nai Yisuan, treat the solution cooling after, add vitriolate of tartar, EDTA chelated iron and EDTA chelated copper again, the back that stirs is finished product.
CN 200810123360 2008-05-21 2008-05-21 Growth promoter for aquatic in aquaculture pond Expired - Fee Related CN101306965B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101863705A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-10-20 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Growth promoter for aquaculture water phytoplankton
CN101983956A (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-03-09 天津生机集团股份有限公司 High-efficiency aquaculture fertilizer
CN101617689B (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-07-27 无锡中顺生物技术有限公司 Preparation for promoting aquatic weeds in river crab cultivation pond to take root and preparation method thereof
CN104478558A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-04-01 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Aquatic weed growth promoter with antibacterial effect
CN105236591A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-13 新疆德蓝股份有限公司 Biological antidote
CN108101627A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-06-01 南京农业大学 A kind of water plant special fertilizer of rice fishing integrated farming
CN108395328A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-14 河海大学 A kind of crab cultivation pool rich water educates algae granule, its production method and its application
CN108738852A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A method of maintain lake ecosystem Submerged plant communities to stablize
CN111202071A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-05-29 无锡绿水之源生物科技有限公司 Granular preparation for promoting aquatic weed to take root and leave and application thereof

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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SU552928A1 (en) * 1975-05-14 1977-04-05 Московский Лесотехнический Институт Means to protect the root systems of plants from drying out
CN1044549C (en) * 1994-09-27 1999-08-11 赵明章 Diseases curing and output increasing agent (Zhibiling) and preparation for seasame etc. crops
CN1149570A (en) * 1996-09-16 1997-05-14 李定臣 Nutritive active element for plant growth
CN1272479A (en) * 2000-05-17 2000-11-08 黄耀普 Liquid broad-spectrum foliage spray plant growth regulator

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101617689B (en) * 2009-07-17 2011-07-27 无锡中顺生物技术有限公司 Preparation for promoting aquatic weeds in river crab cultivation pond to take root and preparation method thereof
CN101863705A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-10-20 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Growth promoter for aquaculture water phytoplankton
CN101863705B (en) * 2010-06-24 2012-11-28 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Growth promoter for aquaculture water phytoplankton
CN101983956A (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-03-09 天津生机集团股份有限公司 High-efficiency aquaculture fertilizer
CN104478558A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-04-01 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Aquatic weed growth promoter with antibacterial effect
CN105236591A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-13 新疆德蓝股份有限公司 Biological antidote
CN108101627A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-06-01 南京农业大学 A kind of water plant special fertilizer of rice fishing integrated farming
CN108395328A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-14 河海大学 A kind of crab cultivation pool rich water educates algae granule, its production method and its application
CN108738852A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A method of maintain lake ecosystem Submerged plant communities to stablize
CN111202071A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-05-29 无锡绿水之源生物科技有限公司 Granular preparation for promoting aquatic weed to take root and leave and application thereof

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