WO2022252829A1 - 爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法 - Google Patents

爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022252829A1
WO2022252829A1 PCT/CN2022/086264 CN2022086264W WO2022252829A1 WO 2022252829 A1 WO2022252829 A1 WO 2022252829A1 CN 2022086264 W CN2022086264 W CN 2022086264W WO 2022252829 A1 WO2022252829 A1 WO 2022252829A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
floor
wall
building structure
frame body
plate
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PCT/CN2022/086264
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
马跃强
张纬伦
陆冬兴
奚陆俊
唐毅峰
Original Assignee
上海建工二建集团有限公司
上海东南模板工程有限责任公司
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Publication of WO2022252829A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022252829A1/zh

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • E04G3/32Hoisting devices; Safety devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/007Devices and methods for erecting scaffolds, e.g. automatic scaffold erectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/04Means for fastening, supporting, or bracing scaffolds on or against building constructions
    • E04G5/046Means for fastening, supporting, or bracing scaffolds on or against building constructions for fastening scaffoldings on walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G2003/286Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms mobile vertically
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G2005/008Hoisting devices specially adapted as part of a scaffold system

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of construction engineering, in particular to a climbing scaffold, a climbing and installation method thereof, and a construction method of an assembled building.
  • the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a climbing scaffold, its climbing and installation method, and a construction method for a prefabricated building, so as to solve the difficult problem of lifting.
  • the invention provides a climbing scaffold comprising:
  • the anti-overturning bearings are arranged on the wall in at least two rows, and the anti-overturning bearings in each row are multiple along the longitudinal distribution of the wall;
  • Guide rails are embedded on each row of the anti-overturning supports, and the guide rails rise or fall relative to the anti-overturning supports;
  • the frame body is arranged on the guide rail;
  • An upper lifting steel beam is arranged on the wall and located at the upper end of the frame;
  • the lower lifting steel beam is arranged on the lower end of the frame body, and the lower lifting steel beam is arranged correspondingly to the upper lifting steel beam;
  • An electric hoist is arranged on the upper lifting steel beam, and the suspension wire of the electric hoist is connected to the lower lifting steel beam.
  • the anti-overturning support includes:
  • the base includes a seat frame, two seat beams and two seat plates, the seat frame is connected to one of the seat plates one by one through the two seat beams, and the seat frame is arranged on the wall through bolts.
  • the seat plate is an angled piece, the side of the seat plate parallel to the seat frame is the installation surface, and a hinge shaft and a connecting plate are arranged between adjacent sides of the seat plate perpendicular to the seat frame;
  • the guide wheel includes two oppositely arranged wheel frames and the wheels on them.
  • the wheel frame includes a corner plate, a rib plate arranged on the corner plate, and the two corner plates of the side plate along the YZ axis plane
  • the end is provided with an outwardly inclined guide plate, the corner plate is welded along the side plate of the plane where the XZ axis is located or is set on the seat plate of the base by bolts, and the corner plate is arranged along the side plate of the plane where the YZ axis is located
  • the wheel is provided, and the axis of the wheel is set along the X-axis direction;
  • the top brace is hingedly arranged on the bottom plate of the base through a hinge shaft, and the end surface of the top brace is provided with a groove for supporting the guide rail;
  • the alligator clip is arranged between the two seat beams through a hinge shaft, and the alligator clip is supported on the guide rail.
  • the guide rail includes two channel steels arranged back to back, a connecting column connected between the webs of the two channel steels, and a connecting column connected between the two channel steels.
  • the connecting piece between the flange plates on one side; the notch of the channel steel is a guide groove, and the guide groove is embedded in the wheel frame of the guide wheel, and the wheels of the guide wheel are rolled on the guide wheel Inside the slot; the top support and the alligator clip are respectively supported on the connecting column of the guide rail; the frame body is threadedly connected to the connecting piece by bolts.
  • the frame body is a scaffold assembled from steel base plates, vertical poles, X-direction rods, Y-direction rods, Z-direction rods and diagonally-stayed rods;
  • the walkway plate is laid on the Y-direction bar
  • a protective net is arranged on the outer side of the scaffold
  • Diagonal struts hingedly arranged on the scaffold, for assembling on the wall;
  • the hard partition is arranged between the scaffold and the floor.
  • the upper lifting steel beam includes:
  • the tail plate is set on the wall by bolts
  • Section steel vertically arranged on the tail plate
  • the lifting ring is arranged under the shaped steel.
  • the lower lifting steel beam includes:
  • the beam frame is arranged at the lower end of the frame body
  • the beam plate is distributed on both sides of the upper end of the beam frame;
  • the mounting plate is arranged on the beam plate on one side;
  • Hanging plates are two pieces vertically arranged on the mounting plate, and the hanging plates are provided with through holes;
  • a strong plate is arranged between the hanging plate and the installation plate.
  • the present invention provides a climbing method according to the above-mentioned climbing scaffold
  • the suspension wire is controlled by an electric hoist to synchronously lift the frame body and the guide rails connected thereto to a specified elevation.
  • the present invention also provides a method for installing the above-mentioned climbing scaffold, including:
  • Step 301 preparing for the construction of the first floor structure, hoisting and erecting the first two floors of the frame body of the climbing scaffold on the outside of the first floor structure to be constructed;
  • Step 302 constructing the first layer of building structure, setting the first two layers of frames on the first layer of building structure through a temporary tie mechanism, installing the first layer of anti-overturning support on the wall of the first layer of building structure, Flip the flap onto the wall of the 1st floor building structure;
  • Step 303 constructing the second-story building structure. After the construction of the first frame is completed, hoist and assemble the remaining frames on the first two layers of frames; remove the temporary tie mechanism on the first-story building structure, and pass the frame body through The temporary tie mechanism is set on the second floor building structure, and the lower lifting steel beam is installed on the frame body;
  • Step 304 installing the second-floor anti-overturning support on the wall of the second-floor building structure
  • Step 305 constructing the building structure of the third floor, after the construction of the second frame is completed, the diagonal braces on the frame are installed on the building structure of the second floor;
  • Step 306 install the third-floor anti-overturning support on the wall of the third-floor building structure, install the upper lifting steel beam on the wall of the third-story building structure, and install the electric hoist on the upper lifting steel beam Between the lifting steel beam and the lower lifting steel beam, the temporary tie mechanism on the frame body is removed, and the diagonal brace is installed on the second floor building structure.
  • the present invention also provides a construction method for a prefabricated building according to the above-mentioned climbing scaffold, which is characterized in that it includes:
  • Step S401 setting the climbing scaffolding on the Nth floor to the N+2th floor, and carrying out the prefabricated wall construction of the N+2th frame on the floor of the N+3rd floor building structure, between the prefabricated wall and the Nth floor
  • a temporary tie mechanism is set between the floors of the N+2-story building structure
  • Step S402 performing sleeve grouting on the N+2 floor, disconnecting the diagonal brace from the building structure of the N+1 floor and fixing it on the frame body, and turning the flap from the building structure of the Nth floor to separate from the wall body;
  • Step S403 removing the anti-overturning support of the first floor on the first floor building structure, and controlling the suspension wire to lift the frame body and its upper guide rail upwards synchronously through the electric hoist;
  • Step S404 after the frame body is raised to the designated elevation, the diagonal braces are installed on the building structure of the N+2th floor, and the flap is turned over to the wall of the building structure of the N+1st floor;
  • Step S405 setting up a temporary tie mechanism between the frame body and the prefabricated wall of the N+2th frame, and constructing the floor slab of the N+3th floor building structure;
  • Step S406 installing the anti-overturning support of the N+3th floor on the wall of the N+3th floor building structure, turning over and installing the lifting steel beam on the N+2th floor building structure to the N+3th floor building on the wall of the structure.
  • the climbing scaffolding and its climbing and installation method provided by the present invention and the construction method of the prefabricated building control the hanging wires to lift the frame body and its connected guide rails up to the specified elevation synchronously through the electric hoist, when the electric hoist retracts the hanging wires , the lower lifting steel beam drives the frame body and guide rails to lift up or down synchronously with respect to the anti-overturning supports of each floor, so that the frame body and guide rails are lifted and lowered by the electric hoist.
  • climbing upwards there is no need to repeatedly disassemble and assemble the flip frame, and there is no need for tower crane equipment to hoist to the specified elevation. Therefore, the difficulty of lifting is reduced, the construction efficiency is improved, and the potential safety hazard that the tower crane may fall off during the hoisting process is reduced.
  • the climbing scaffold, its climbing and installation method, and the construction method of the prefabricated building provided by the present invention, wherein the climbing scaffold only needs to be built in layers across a two-story building structure when in use, compared with the traditional four-story building
  • the overall weight of the frame body is reduced, so it can reduce the cracks at the connection position between the frame body and the building structure, and reduce the later repair construction, thereby improving the construction quality of the building structure and reducing the construction cost.
  • Fig. 1 to Fig. 2 are the three-dimensional structural schematic diagrams of climbing scaffold
  • Fig. 3 to Fig. 4 are the front view structural schematic diagrams of climbing scaffold
  • Fig. 5 is a side view structural schematic diagram of a climbing scaffold
  • Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of the three-dimensional structure of the base of the anti-overturning support
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the three-dimensional structure of the guide wheel of the anti-overturning bearing
  • Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional structure of an anti-overturning bearing
  • Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of the front view of the anti-overturning support.
  • Fig. 10 is a side view structural schematic diagram of an anti-overturning bearing
  • Fig. 11 is a schematic diagram of a cross-sectional structure at A-A in Fig. 9;
  • Figures 12 to 13 are schematic diagrams of the partial structure of the guide rail and its connection with the frame body
  • Figure 14 is a schematic diagram of the enlarged structure of the anti-overturning support, guide rail and frame node;
  • Fig. 15 is a side view structural schematic diagram of the upper lifting steel beam
  • Fig. 16 is a side view structural schematic diagram of the lower lifting steel beam
  • Fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of the main view structure of the lower lifting steel beam
  • 18 to 23 are schematic diagrams of the installation method of the climbing scaffold
  • a climbing scaffold 100 which may include:
  • the anti-overturning supports 110 are arranged on the wall body 210 in at least two rows, and each row of anti-overturning supports 110 is a plurality of anti-overturning supports 110 distributed longitudinally along the wall body 210 .
  • Guide rails 120 are embedded on each row of the anti-overturning supports 110 , and the guide rails 120 rise or fall relative to the anti-overturning supports 110 .
  • the frame body 130 is arranged on the guide rail 120 .
  • the upper lifting steel beam 140 is arranged on the wall body 210 and located at the upper end of the frame body 130 ; preferably located at the side of the anti-overturning support 110 .
  • the lower lifting steel beam 150 is arranged on the lower end of the frame body 130 , and the lower lifting steel beam 150 is arranged corresponding to the upper lifting steel beam 140 .
  • the electric hoist 170 is arranged on the upper lifting steel beam 140 , and the suspension wire 171 of the electric hoist 170 is connected to the lower lifting steel beam 150 .
  • the suspension wire 171 can be a steel wire rope or a chain.
  • the crawling scaffold 100 provided by the embodiment of the present invention, the anti-overturning support 110 may include:
  • the base 111 includes a seat frame 1111, two seat beams 1112 and two seat plates 1113, the seat frame 1111 is connected to one of the seat plates 1113 through the two seat beams 1112, and the seat frame 1111 passes through
  • the bolt 182 is arranged on the wall 210, the seat plate 1113 is an angle steel equiangular shape, the side of the seat plate 1113 parallel to the seat frame 1111 is the installation surface, and the adjacent seat plate 1113 is perpendicular to the A hinge shaft 114 and a connecting plate 115 are disposed between one side of the seat frame 1111 .
  • the connecting plate 115 can improve the stability of the structure.
  • the base 111 is not limited to the above-mentioned specific structure, and may also be other known technologies.
  • the seat frame 1111 can be welded by channel steel and steel sheets, which has the advantage of low cost.
  • the guide wheel 112 includes two opposite wheel frames 1121 and the wheels 1122 on them.
  • the wheel frame 1121 includes a corner plate 1123 and a rib 1124 arranged on the corner plate 1123.
  • the corner plate 1123 is arranged along the YZ direction.
  • the two ends of the side plate on the plane where the axis is located are provided with outwardly inclined guide plates 1125, and the corner plate 1123 is welded or arranged on the seat plate 1113 of the base 111 by bolts along the side plate of the plane where the XZ axis is located.
  • the wheels 1122 are arranged on the side plates of the corner boards 1123 along the plane where the YZ axes are located, and the axes of the wheels 1122 are arranged along the X-axis direction.
  • Each anti-overturning support 110 can be four wheels 1122 arranged symmetrically, so as to improve the stability of the embedded assembly and rolling arrangement of the anti-overturning support 110 and the guide rail 120 .
  • the ribs 1124 can improve the structural stability of the gussets 1123 and prevent them from being deformed. Wherein the gusset 1123 is a right angle.
  • the guide plate 1125 facilitates initial assembly with the guide rail 120 .
  • the top support 113 is hingedly arranged on the bottom plate of the base 111 through a hinge shaft 114 , and the end surface of the top support 113 is provided with a groove for supporting the guide rail 120 .
  • the support 113 can improve the structural stability of the frame body 130 during use, prevent it from falling down, and prevent the frame body 130 from shaking.
  • the alligator clip 114 is arranged between the two seat beams 1112 through a hinge shaft 114 , and the alligator clip 114 is supported on the guide rail 120 .
  • the crocodile clip 114 also has the function of improving the structural stability of the frame body 130 during use, preventing it from falling down, and preventing the frame body 130 from shaking. 120 for support, thereby enhancing the stability and safety of the frame body 130 during use.
  • the guide rail 120 includes two channel steels 121 arranged back to back, connected on the abdomen of the two channel steels 121
  • the notch of the channel steel 121 is a guide groove, and the guide groove is embedded in the In the wheel frame 1121 of the guide wheel 112, the wheel 1122 of the guide wheel 112 is rolled and arranged in the guide groove; on the column 122;
  • the frame body 130 is threadedly connected to the connecting piece 123 by bolts.
  • the frame body 130 and the guide rail 120 are connected by bolts, the purpose of which is to facilitate the assembly of the guide rail 120 and the anti-overturning support 110 and prevent the installation of the anti-overturning support 110 from being inconvenient in the whole process.
  • the crawling scaffold 100 provided by the embodiment of the present invention
  • the frame body 130 is composed of a steel base plate 131, a vertical pole 132, an X-direction rod 133, a Y-direction rod 134, a Z-direction rod 135 and the scaffolding that 137 assemblings of oblique stay bar.
  • the walkway slab 136 is laid on the Y-direction bar 134; the walkway slab 136 serves as a construction platform.
  • the protective net 138 is arranged on the outer surface of the scaffold.
  • Diagonal struts 160 are hingedly arranged on the scaffold for assembling on the wall 210 .
  • the flap 180 is hingedly arranged on the inner side of the scaffold, specifically, it can be arranged on the steel bottom plate 131 and on the upper end of the frame body.
  • the hard partition 181 is arranged between the scaffold and the floor. Specifically, it can be set at the middle position of the frame body 130 .
  • the frame body 130 can be assembled in layers.
  • the guide rail 120 is connected to the Z-direction rod 135 inside the frame body 130 .
  • the height of the outer Z-direction bar 135 is higher than that of the inner Z-direction bar 135 to install the protective net 138 and improve the protection effect.
  • the climbing scaffold 100 provided by the embodiment of the present invention the upper lifting steel beam 140 may include:
  • the tail plate 141 is arranged on the wall body 210 by bolts.
  • the shaped steel 142 is vertically arranged on the tail plate 141; the shaped steel 142 can be an I-shaped steel or an H-shaped steel, etc.
  • the lifting ring 142 is arranged under the shaped steel 142 .
  • the ring 142 is not limited to a ring shape, and may be U-shaped. Its function is to set the body of the electric hoist 170 through the suspension ring.
  • the upper lifting steel beam 140 provides an upper supporting point for the electric hoist 170 to lift the frame body 130 .
  • the crawling scaffold 100 provided by the embodiment of the present invention, the lower lifting steel beam 150 may include:
  • the beam frame 151 is arranged at the lower end of the frame body 130; wherein the beam frame 151 can be spliced by several rods.
  • the beam plate 152 is distributed on both sides of the upper end of the beam frame 151 .
  • the mounting plate 153 is arranged on the beam plate 152 on one side.
  • the two beam plates 152 can improve the structural stability when the mounting plate 153 is assembled on one side beam plate 152 .
  • the hanging plates 154 are two pieces vertically arranged on the mounting plate 153, and the hanging plates 154 are provided with through holes.
  • a suspension rod may be provided between the through holes of the two suspension plates 152 for connecting the suspension wire 171 of the electric hoist 170 .
  • the stiffener 155 is arranged between the hanging plate 154 and the installation plate 153 .
  • the stiffening plate 155 can improve the reliable connection between the hanging plate 154 and the mounting plate 153 .
  • the embodiment of the present invention provides another method for climbing the above-mentioned climbing scaffold 100 , in which the suspension wire 171 is controlled by the electric hoist 170 to synchronously lift the frame body 130 and the guide rail 120 connected thereto to a specified elevation.
  • the electric hoist 170 controls the retraction of the suspension wire 171 to drive the lower lifting steel beam 150 to move up and down
  • the lower lifting long steel beam 150 drives the frame body 130 and its connected guide rail 120 to rise and fall synchronously, thereby lifting the frame body 130 to a specified elevation.
  • the diagonal struts 160 are removed from the wall body 210 , the flap 180 is turned up and separated from the wall body 210 , and the hard partition 181 is removed. Its purpose is to reduce lifting barriers. After the frame body 130 is lifted, the diagonal brace 160 is arranged on the wall 210, the top brace 113 is supported on the guide rail 120, the alligator clip 114 is supported on the guide rail 120, and the flap 180 is turned over on the wall 210, Install the hard partition 181 on the frame body 130 and the floor. Its purpose is to improve the structural stability of the climbing scaffold 100 attached to the wall 210 .
  • the embodiment of the present invention provides another installation method of climbing scaffold 100, which may include:
  • Step 301 please refer to Fig. 18 to Fig. 19, prepare the construction of the first floor structure, hoist and erect the first two floors of the frame body 130 of the climbing scaffold 100 on the outside of the first floor structure to be constructed.
  • Step 302 please refer to Figure 19, construct the first floor structure, set the first two layers of frames 130 on the first floor structure through a temporary tie mechanism, and install the first floor on the wall of the first floor structure
  • the anti-overturning support 110 is used, and the turnover plate 180 is turned over to the wall body 210 of the building structure of the first floor.
  • Step 303 please refer to Figure 20, construct the second floor building structure, after the construction of the first frame is completed, hoist and assemble the remaining frame bodies 130 on the first two layers of frame bodies 130; Knot mechanism, the frame body 130 is arranged on the second floor building structure through a temporary tie mechanism, and the lifting steel beam 150 is installed on the frame body 130 .
  • Step 304 please refer to FIG. 21 , install the anti-overturning support 110 of the second floor on the wall 210 of the building structure of the second floor.
  • Step 305 please refer to FIG. 22 , construct the building structure of the third floor, and install the diagonal braces 160 on the frame body 130 on the building structure of the second floor after the construction of the second frame is completed.
  • Step 306 please refer to FIG. 23, install the anti-overturning support 110 of the third floor on the wall 210 of the third floor building structure, and install the upper lifting steel beam 140 on the wall 210 of the third floor building structure, Install the electric hoist 170 between the upper lifting steel beam 140 and the lower lifting steel beam 150, remove the temporary tie mechanism on the frame body 130, and install the diagonal brace 160 on the second floor building structure.
  • the embodiment of the present invention also provides a construction method of a prefabricated building according to the above-mentioned climbing scaffold 100, which may include:
  • Step S401 please refer to Fig. 24, install the climbing scaffold 100 on the Nth floor to the N+2th floor, and carry out the construction of the prefabricated wall 210 of the N+2th frame on the floor of the N+3rd floor building structure, A temporary tie mechanism is set between the prefabricated wall body 230 and the floor slab of the N+2th floor building structure.
  • Step S402 carry out sleeve grouting operation on the N+2th floor, disconnect the diagonal brace 160 from the N+1th floor building structure and fix it on the frame body 130, and the flap 180 from the Nth floor
  • the upper building structure is turned up and separated from the wall 210.
  • Step S403 please refer to Figure 26, remove the anti-overturning support 110 on the first floor of the building structure on the first floor, and control the suspension wire 171 to lift the frame body 130 and its upper guide rail synchronously upward through the electric hoist 170; remove the anti-overturning support
  • the purpose of 110 is to save costs and use it in a cyclical manner.
  • Step S404 please refer to Figure 27, after the frame body 130 is raised to the specified elevation, the diagonal brace 160 is installed on the building structure of the N+2th floor, and the flap 180 is turned over to the wall 210 of the building structure of the N+1st floor superior.
  • step S405 please refer to FIG. 28 , a temporary tie mechanism is set between the frame body 130 and the prefabricated wall body 230 of the N+2th frame, and the floor slab of the N+3th floor building structure is constructed.
  • Step S406 please refer to Figure 28, install the anti-overturning support 110 on the N+3th floor structure on the wall 210 of the N+3rd floor structure, and turn over the upper lifting steel beam 140 on the N+2th floor building structure Installed on the wall 210 of the N+3th floor building structure.
  • a hard partition 181 is installed between the frame body 130 and the floor slab of the corresponding building structure. Both the partition plate 181 and the turnover plate 180 can prevent construction waste, sundries, tools, etc. from falling from the gap between the frame body 130 and the wall body 210, thereby improving construction safety.
  • the climbing scaffold 100 and its climbing method and the construction method of the prefabricated building use the electric hoist 170 to control the hanging wire to lift the frame body 130 and the guide rail 120 connected thereto to a specified elevation synchronously, when the electric hoist
  • the lower lifting steel beam 150 drives the frame body 130 and the guide rail 120 to be lifted up or down synchronously with respect to the anti-overturning support 110 of each floor, so that the frame body 130 and the guide rail 120 are lifted and lowered by the electric hoist 170 , when the frame body 130 and guide rail 120 climb up relative to the anti-overturning support 110, there is no need to repeatedly disassemble and turn over the frame body 130, and no tower crane equipment is required to hoist to the specified elevation. Therefore, the lifting difficulty and construction efficiency are reduced. Potential safety hazards that may result in falling off during hoisting.
  • the climbing scaffold 100 and its climbing method and the construction method of the prefabricated building provided by the embodiment of the present invention, wherein the climbing scaffold 100 only needs to be built in layers across a two-story building structure when in use, compared with the traditional four-story building
  • the overall weight of the frame body 130 is reduced, so it can reduce the cracks at the connection position between the frame body 130 and the building structure, and reduce the later repair work, thereby improving the construction quality of the building structure and reducing the construction cost.
  • the climbing scaffold 100 and its climbing method and the construction method of the prefabricated building provided by the embodiment of the present invention are especially suitable for the prefabricated building structure, and of course also suitable for the traditional cast-in-place building structure.
  • the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned specific implementation manners. Obviously, the above-described embodiments are part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the described embodiments of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention. Those skilled in the art can make other modifications and changes to the present invention. Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention, the present invention also intends to include these modifications and variations.

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  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Movable Scaffolding (AREA)

Abstract

本发明公开了一种爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法,该爬式脚手架包括:抗倾覆支座,至少成两列设置在墙体上,每列所述抗倾覆支座为沿墙体纵向分布的多个;导轨,嵌入设置在每列所述抗倾覆支座上,所述导轨相对于所述抗倾覆支座上升或者下降;架体,设置在所述导轨上;上提升钢梁,设置在墙体上且位于所述架体的上端;下提升钢梁,设置在所述架体的下端上,所述下提升钢梁与所述上提升钢梁相对应设置;电动葫芦,设置在所述上提升钢梁上,所述电动葫芦的吊线连接在所述下提升钢梁上。本发明降低了脚手架的提升难度、降低了安全风险、提高了施工效率,减少了架体与建筑结构的连接位置产生裂缝,提高了施工质量、降低了成本。

Description

爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法 技术领域
本发明涉及建筑工程技术领域,特别涉及一种爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法。
背景技术
在建筑领域中,需要在建筑主体结构的外围搭设脚手架进行施工作业。在超高层建筑中一般采用外挂脚手架,需要配置至少两套,在施工上层建筑结构时需不断将两套外挂防护架拆卸安装上翻,然后重新搭设操作平台等,其拆装工序较多且拆除难度较大,需要使用塔吊对外挂脚手架进行反复吊装提升,安全隐患大,对施工安全造成极大影响。
发明内容
本发明所要解决的技术问题是,提供了一种爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法,以解决提升难度大的问题。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供一种爬式脚手架包括:
抗倾覆支座,至少成两列设置在墙体上,每列所述抗倾覆支座为沿墙体纵向分布的多个;
导轨,嵌入设置在每列所述抗倾覆支座上,所述导轨相对于所述抗倾覆支座上升或者下降;
架体,设置在所述导轨上;
上提升钢梁,设置在墙体上且位于所述架体的上端;
下提升钢梁,设置在所述架体的下端上,所述下提升钢梁与所述上提升钢梁相对应设置;
电动葫芦,设置在所述上提升钢梁上,所述电动葫芦的吊线连接在所述下提升钢梁上。
进一步地,本发明提供的爬式脚手架,所述抗倾覆支座包括:
底座,包括座架、两根座梁和两个座板,所述座架通过两根所述座梁一一对应连接一个所述座板,所述座架通过螺栓设置在墙体上,所述座板为角型件,所述座板平行于所述座架的一面为安装面,相邻所述座板垂直于所述座架的一面之间设置有铰接轴和连接板;
导轮,包括相对设置的两个轮架及其上的轮子,所述轮架包括角板、设置在所述角板上的肋板,所述角板沿YZ轴所在平面的侧板的两端设置有向外倾斜的导向板,所述角板沿XZ轴所在平面的一侧板焊接或者通过螺栓设置在所述底座的座板上,所述角板沿YZ轴所在平面的侧板上设置有所述轮子,所述轮子的轴心沿X轴方向设置;
顶撑,通过一所述铰接轴铰接设置在所述底座的底板上,所述顶撑的端面设置有用于支撑所述导轨的凹槽;
鳄鱼夹,通过一所述铰接轴设置在两根所述座梁之间,所述鳄鱼夹支撑在所述导轨上。
进一步地,本发明提供的爬式脚手架,所述导轨包括两根背对背设置的槽钢,连接在两根所述槽钢的腹板之间的连接柱,以及连接在两根所述槽钢的其中一侧翼缘板之间的连接片;所述槽钢的槽口为导槽,所述导槽嵌入到所述导轮的轮架之内,所述导轮的轮子滚动设置在所述导槽之内;所述顶撑和鳄鱼夹分别支撑在所述导轨的连接柱上;所述架体通过螺栓螺纹连接在所述连接片上。
进一步地,本发明提供的爬式脚手架,所述架体为由钢底板、立杆、X向杆件、Y向杆件、Z向杆件和斜拉杆件拼装而成的脚手架;
还包括:
走道板,铺设在所述Y向杆件上;
防护网,设置在所述脚手架的外侧面;
斜撑杆,铰接设置在所述脚手架上,用于装配在墙体上;
翻板,铰接设置所述脚手架的内侧面;
硬隔板,设置在所述脚手架与楼板之间。
进一步地,本发明提供的爬式脚手架,所述上提升钢梁包括:
尾板,通过螺栓设置在墙体上;
型钢,垂直设置在所述尾板上;
吊环,设置在所述型钢的下方。
进一步地,本发明提供的爬式脚手架,所述下提升钢梁包括:
梁架,设置在所述架体的下端;
梁板,分布在所述梁架的上端的两侧;
安装板,设置在其中一侧所述梁板上;
吊板,为垂直设置在所述安装板上的两块,所述吊板上设置有通孔;
劲板,设置在所述吊板与安装板之间。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供还一种根据上述的爬式脚手架的爬升方法,
通过电动葫芦控制吊线对所述架体及其连接的导轨同步向上提升至指定标高。
进一步地,本发明提供的爬式脚手架的爬升方法,
在架体提升之前,将斜撑杆从墙体上拆除,翻板翻起脱离墙体,拆除硬隔板;
在架体提升之后,将斜撑杆设置在墙体上,将顶撑支撑在导轨上,将鳄鱼夹支撑在导轨上,将翻板翻转到墙体上,将硬隔板安装到架体与楼板上。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供一种根据上述的爬式脚手架的安装方法,包括:
步骤301,准备施工第1层建筑结构,将爬式脚手架的架体的前两层吊装并竖立在待施工的第1层建筑结构的外侧;
步骤302,施工第1层建筑结构,将前两层架体通过临时拉结机构设置在第1层建筑结构上,在第1层建筑结构的墙体上安装第1层的抗倾覆支座,将翻板翻转到第1层建筑结构的墙体上;
步骤303,施工第2层建筑结构,在第1框施工完成之后,将剩余架体吊装在前两层架体上并组装;拆除第1层建筑结构上的临时拉结机构,将架体通过临时拉结机构设置在第2层建筑结构上,在架体上安装下提升钢梁;
步骤304,在第2层建筑结构的墙体上安装第2层的抗倾覆支座;
步骤305,施工第3层建筑结构,在第2框施工完成之后,将架体上的斜撑 杆安装在第2层建筑结构上;
步骤306,在第3层建筑结构的墙体上安装第3层的抗倾覆支座,同时将上提升钢梁安装在第3层建筑结构的墙体上,将电动葫芦安装在上提升钢梁与下提升钢梁之间,拆除架体上的临时拉结机构,将斜撑杆安装在第2层建筑结构上。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供一种根据上述的爬式脚手架的装配式建筑的施工方法,其特征在于,包括:
步骤S401,将爬式脚手架设置在第N层至第N+2层上,在第N+3层建筑结构的楼板上进行第N+2框的预制墙体施工,在该预制墙体与第N+2层建筑结构的楼板之间设置临时拉结机构;
步骤S402,在第N+2层进行套筒灌浆作业,将斜撑杆与第N+1层建筑结构断开连接并固定在架体上,翻板从第N层建筑结构上翻起脱离墙体;
步骤S403,拆除第1层建筑结构上的第1层的抗倾覆支座,通过电动葫芦控制吊线对架体及其上导轨同步向上提升;
步骤S404,在架体提升至指定标高之后,将斜撑杆安装在第N+2层建筑结构上,翻板翻转到第N+1层建筑结构的墙体上;
步骤S405,在架体与第第N+2框预制墙体之间设置临时拉结机构,施工第N+3层建筑结构的楼板;
步骤S406,在第N+3层建筑结构的墙体上安装第N+3层的抗倾覆支座,将第N+2层建筑结构上的上提升钢梁翻转安装到第N+3层建筑结构的墙体上。
与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果如下:
本发明提供的爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法,通过电动葫芦控制吊线对所述架体及其连接的导轨同步向上提升至指定标高,当电动葫芦收放吊线时,下提升钢梁带动架体及导轨相对于各楼层的抗倾覆支座同步向上提升或者同步下降,从而通过电动葫芦对架体及导轨整体升降操作,在架体及导轨相对于抗倾覆支座向上爬升时,无需反复拆装翻转架体,无需塔吊设备吊装至指定标高,因此,降低了提升难度、提高了施工效率、降低了塔吊在吊装过程中可能导致脱落的安全隐患。
本发明提供的爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法, 其中爬式脚手架在使用时,仅需跨两层建筑结构分层搭建设,相对于传统跨四层建筑的外挂脚手架而言,减少了架体的整体重量,因此能够减少架体与建筑结构的连接位置产生裂缝,减少后期修补施工,从而提高了建筑结构的施工质量,降低了施工成本。
附图说明
图1至图2是爬式脚手架的立体结构示意图;
图3至图4是爬式脚手架的主视结构示意图;
图5是爬式脚手架的侧视结构示意图;
图6是抗倾覆支座的底座的立体结构示意图;
图7是抗倾覆支座的导轮的立体结构示意图;
图8是抗倾覆支座的立体结构示意图;
图9是抗倾覆支座的主视结构示意图;
图10是抗倾覆支座的侧视结构示意图;
图11是图9中A-A处的剖面结构示意图;
图12至图13是导轨及其与架体连接处的局部结构示意图;
图14是抗倾覆支座、导轨及架体节点处的放大结构示意图;
图15是上提升钢梁的侧视结构示意图;
图16是下提升钢梁的侧视结构示意图;
图17是下提升钢梁的主视结构示意图;
图18至图23是爬式脚手架的安装方法的过程示意图;
图24至图29及装配式建筑结构的施工过程示意图;
图中所示:
100、爬式脚手架;
110、抗倾覆支座,111、底座,1111、座架,1112、座梁,1113、座板,1114、铰接轴,1115、连接板,112,导轮,1121、轮架,1122、轮子,1123、角板,1124、肋板,1125、导向板,113,顶撑,114,鳄鱼夹;
120、导轨;121、槽钢,122、连接柱,123、连接片;
130、架体,131、钢底板,132、立杆,133、X向杆件,134、Z向杆件,135、 Y向杆件,136、走道板,137、斜拉杆件,138、防护网;
140、上提升钢梁;141、尾板,142、型钢,143、吊环;
150、下提升钢梁;151、梁架,152、梁板,153、安装板,154、吊板,155、劲板;
160、斜撑杆,161、耳板;
170、电动葫芦,171、吊线;
180、翻板,181、硬隔板,182、螺栓;
200、建筑结构,210、墙体,220、楼板,230、预制墙体;
具体实施方式
下面结合附图对本发明作详细描述:根据下面说明,本发明的优点和特征将更清楚。需说明的是,附图均采用非常简化的形式且均使用非精准的比例,仅用以方便、明晰地辅助说明本发明实施例的目的。
请参考图1至图17,本发明实施例提供一种爬式脚手架100,可以包括:
抗倾覆支座110,至少成两列设置在墙体210上,每列所述抗倾覆支座110为沿墙体210纵向分布的多个。
导轨120,嵌入设置在每列所述抗倾覆支座110上,所述导轨120相对于所述抗倾覆支座110上升或者下降。
架体130,设置在所述导轨120上。
上提升钢梁140,设置在墙体210上且位于所述架体130的上端;优选地位于所述抗倾覆支座110一侧。
下提升钢梁150,设置在所述架体130的下端上,所述下提升钢梁150与所述上提升钢梁140相对应设置。
电动葫芦170,设置在所述上提升钢梁140上,所述电动葫芦170的吊线171连接在所述下提升钢梁150上。其中吊线171可以为钢丝绳或者链条。
请参考图1至图11,本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100,所述抗倾覆支座110可以包括:
底座111,包括座架1111、两根座梁1112和两个座板1113,所述座架1111通过两根所述座梁1112一一对应连接一个所述座板1113,所述座架1111通过 螺栓182设置在墙体210上,所述座板1113为角钢等角型件,所述座板1113平行于所述座架1111的一面为安装面,相邻所述座板1113垂直于所述座架1111的一面之间设置有铰接轴114和连接板115。其中连接板115能够提高结构的稳定性。需要说明的是,底座111不限于上述具体结构,也可以是其它公知技术。其中座架1111可以通过槽钢及钢片焊接而成,其具有成本低的优点。
导轮112,包括相对设置的两个轮架1121及其上的轮子1122,所述轮架1121包括角板1123、设置在所述角板1123上的肋板1124,所述角板1123沿YZ轴所在平面的侧板的两端设置有向外倾斜的导向板1125,所述角板1123沿XZ轴所在平面的一侧板焊接或者通过螺栓设置在所述底座111的座板1113上,所述角板1123沿YZ轴所在平面的侧板上设置有所述轮子1122,所述轮子1122的轴心沿X轴方向设置。其中每个抗倾覆支座110可以为对称设置的四个轮子1122,以提高抗倾覆支座110与导轨120的嵌入装配且滚动设置的稳定性。其中肋板1124能够提高角板1123的结构稳定性,防止其发生变形。其中角板1123为直角形。其中导向板1125方便了与导轨120的初始装配。
顶撑113,通过一所述铰接轴114铰接设置在所述底座111的底板上,所述顶撑113的端面设置有用于支撑所述导轨120的凹槽。顶撑113能够提高架体130的使用过程中的结构稳定性,防止其产生向下坠落的风险,防止架体130产生晃动。
鳄鱼夹114,通过一所述铰接轴114设置在两根所述座梁1112之间,所述鳄鱼夹114支撑在所述导轨120上。鳄鱼夹114同样具有能够提高架体130的使用过程中的结构稳定性,防止其产生向下坠落的风险,防止架体130产生晃动的作用,鳄鱼夹114与顶撑113从两个角度对导轨120进行支撑,从而增强了架体130在使用过程中的稳定性和安全性。
请参考图1至图5,图12至图14,本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100,所述导轨120包括两根背对背设置的槽钢121,连接在两根所述槽钢121的腹板之间的连接柱122,以及连接在两根所述槽钢121的其中一侧翼缘板之间的连接片123;所述槽钢121的槽口为导槽,所述导槽嵌入到所述导轮112的轮架1121之内,所述导轮112的轮子1122滚动设置在所述导槽之内;所述顶撑113和鳄鱼夹114分别支撑在所述导轨120的不同位置的连接柱122上;所述架体130 通过螺栓螺纹连接在所述连接片123上。架体130与导轨120通过螺栓连接,其目的是方便了导轨120与抗倾覆支座110的装配,防止整体过程不方便与抗倾覆支座110的安装。
请参考图1至图5,本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100,所述架体130为由钢底板131、立杆132、X向杆件133、Y向杆件134、Z向杆件135和斜拉杆件137拼装而成的脚手架。还可以包括:
走道板136,铺设在所述Y向杆件134上;走道板136作为施工平台。
防护网138,设置在所述脚手架的外侧面。
斜撑杆160,铰接设置在所述脚手架上,用于装配在墙体210上。
翻板180,铰接设置所述脚手架的内侧面,具体可以设置在钢底板131上以及设置在架体的上端。
硬隔板181,设置在所述脚手架与楼板之间。具体可以设置在架体130的中间位置。
其中架体130可以分层装配。导轨120与架体130内侧的Z向杆件135连接。其中外侧的Z向杆件135的高度高于内侧的Z向杆件135,以进行防护网138安装,提高防护效果。
请参考图1至图5和图15,本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100,所述上提升钢梁140可以包括:
尾板141,通过螺栓设置在墙体210上。
型钢142,垂直设置在所述尾板141上;型钢142可以为工字钢或者H型钢等。
吊环142,设置在所述型钢142的下方。吊环142不限于圆环形状,可以是U型。其作用是为了通过吊环设置电动葫芦170的机体。上提升钢梁140为电动葫芦170提供了上支撑点,以进行提升架体130。
请参考图1至图5、图16至图17,本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100,所述下提升钢梁150可以包括:
梁架151,设置在所述架体130的下端;其中梁架151可以由若干杆件拼接而成。
梁板152,分布在所述梁架151的上端的两侧。
安装板153,设置在其中一侧所述梁板152上。两个梁板152能够提高安装板153装配在一侧梁板152上时的结构稳定性。
吊板154,为垂直设置在所述安装板153上的两块,所述吊板154上设置有通孔。两吊板152的通孔之间可以设置吊杆,以用于连接电动葫芦170的吊线171。
劲板155,设置在所述吊板154与安装板153之间。劲板155能够提高吊板154与安装板153的可靠性连接。
本发明实施例提供还一种上述的爬式脚手架100的爬升方法,通过电动葫芦170控制吊线171对所述架体130及其连接的导轨120同步向上提升至指定标高。具体为:电动葫芦170控制吊线171收放带动下提升钢梁150升降运动,下提长钢梁150带动架体130及其连接的导轨120同步升降,从而将架体130提升至指定标高。
本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100的爬升方法,在架体130提升之前,将斜撑杆160从墙体210上拆除,翻板180翻起脱离墙体210,拆除硬隔板181。其目的是减少提升障碍。在架体130提升之后,将斜撑杆160设置在墙体210上,将顶撑113支撑在导轨120上,将鳄鱼夹114支撑在导轨120上,将翻板180翻转到墙体210上,将硬隔板181安装到架体130与楼板上。其目的是提高爬式脚手架100附着在墙体210上的结构稳定性。
请参考图18至图23,本发明实施例提供还一种爬式脚手架100的安装方法,可以包括:
步骤301,请参考图18至图19,准备施工第1层建筑结构,将爬式脚手架100的架体130的前两层吊装并竖立在待施工的第1层建筑结构的外侧。
步骤302,请参考图19,施工第1层建筑结构,将前两层架体130通过临时拉结机构设置在第1层建筑结构上,在第1层建筑结构的墙体上安装第1层的抗倾覆支座110,将翻板180翻转到第1层建筑结构的墙体210上。
步骤303,请参考图20,施工第2层建筑结构,在第1框施工完成之后,将剩余架体130吊装在前两层架体130上并组装;拆除第1层建筑结构上的临时拉结机构,将架体130通过临时拉结机构设置在第2层建筑结构上,在架体130上安装下提升钢梁150。
步骤304,请参考图21,在第2层建筑结构的墙体210上安装第2层的抗倾覆支座110。
步骤305,请参考图22,施工第3层建筑结构,在第2框施工完成之后,将架体130上的斜撑杆160安装在第2层建筑结构上。
步骤306,请参考图23,在第3层建筑结构的墙体210上安装第3层的抗倾覆支座110,同时将上提升钢梁140安装在第3层建筑结构的墙体210上,将电动葫芦170安装在上提升钢梁140与下提升钢梁150之间,拆除架体130上的临时拉结机构,将斜撑杆160安装在第2层建筑结构上。
请参考图24至图29,本发明实施例还提供一种根据上述的爬式脚手架100的装配式建筑的施工方法,可以包括:
步骤S401,请参考图24,将爬式脚手架100设置在第N层至第N+2层上,在第N+3层建筑结构的楼板上进行第N+2框的预制墙体210施工,在该预制墙体230与第N+2层建筑结构的楼板之间设置临时拉结机构。
步骤S402,请参考图25,在第N+2层进行套筒灌浆作业,将斜撑杆160与第N+1层建筑结构断开连接并固定在架体130上,翻板180从第N层建筑结构上翻起脱离墙体210。
步骤S403,请参考图26,拆除第1层建筑结构上的第1层的抗倾覆支座110,通过电动葫芦170控制吊线171对架体130及其上导轨同步向上提升;拆除抗倾覆支座110的目的是为了节约成本,循环周转使用。
步骤S404,请参考图27,在架体130提升至指定标高之后,将斜撑杆160安装在第N+2层建筑结构上,翻板180翻转到第N+1层建筑结构的墙体210上。
步骤S405,请参考图28,在架体130与第第N+2框预制墙体230之间设置临时拉结机构,施工第N+3层建筑结构的楼板。
步骤S406,请参考图28,在第N+3层建筑结构的墙体210上安装第N+3层的抗倾覆支座110,将第N+2层建筑结构上的上提升钢梁140翻转安装到第N+3层建筑结构的墙体210上。
本发明实施例提供的装配式建筑的施工方法,在架体130与相应建筑结构的楼板之间安装硬隔板181。隔板181和翻板180都具有防止建筑垃圾、杂物、工具等从架体130与墙体210之间的缝隙掉落的风险,提高了施工安全。
本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100及其爬升方法、装配式建筑的施工方法,通过电动葫芦170控制吊线对所述架体130及其连接的导轨120同步向上提升至指定标高,当电动葫芦170收放吊线时,下提升钢梁150带动架体130及导轨120相对于各楼层的抗倾覆支座110同步向上提升或者同步下降,从而通过电动葫芦170对架体130及导轨120整体升降操作,在架体130及导轨120相对于抗倾覆支座110向上爬升时,无需反复拆装翻转架体130,无需塔吊设备吊装至指定标高,因此,降低了提升难度、施工效率、降低了塔吊在吊装过程中可能导致脱落的安全隐患。
本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100及其爬升方法、装配式建筑的施工方法,其中爬式脚手架100在使用时,仅需跨两层建筑结构分层搭建设,相对于传统跨四层建筑的外挂脚手架而言,减少了架体130的整体重量,因此能够减少架体130与建筑结构的连接位置产生裂缝,减少后期修补施工,从而提高了建筑结构的施工质量,降低了施工成本。
本发明实施例提供的爬式脚手架100及其爬升方法、装配式建筑的施工方法,特别适用于装配式建筑结构,当然也适用于传统现场浇筑的建筑结构。
本发明不限于上述具体实施方式,显然,上述所描述的实施例是本发明实施例的一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于所描述的本发明的实施例,本领域普通技术人员所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行其他层次的修改和变动。如此,若本发明的这些修改和变动属于本发明权利要求书的范围之内,则本发明也意图包括这些改动和变动在内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种爬式脚手架,其特征在于,包括:
    抗倾覆支座,至少成两列设置在墙体上,每列所述抗倾覆支座为沿墙体纵向分布的多个;
    导轨,嵌入设置在每列所述抗倾覆支座上,所述导轨相对于所述抗倾覆支座上升或者下降;
    架体,设置在所述导轨上;
    上提升钢梁,设置在墙体上且位于所述架体的上端;
    下提升钢梁,设置在所述架体的下端上,所述下提升钢梁与所述上提升钢梁相对应设置;
    电动葫芦,设置在所述上提升钢梁上,所述电动葫芦的吊线连接在所述下提升钢梁上。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的爬式脚手架,其特征在于,所述抗倾覆支座包括:
    底座,包括座架、两根座梁和两个座板,所述座架通过两根所述座梁一一对应连接一个所述座板,所述座架通过螺栓设置在墙体上,所述座板为角型件,所述座板平行于所述座架的一面为安装面,相邻所述座板垂直于所述座架的一面之间设置有铰接轴和连接板;
    导轮,包括相对设置的两个轮架及其上的轮子,所述轮架包括角板、设置在所述角板上的肋板,所述角板沿YZ轴所在平面的侧板的两端设置有向外倾斜的导向板,所述角板沿XZ轴所在平面的一侧板焊接或者通过螺栓设置在所述底座的座板上,所述角板沿YZ轴所在平面的侧板上设置有所述轮子,所述轮子的轴心沿X轴方向设置;
    顶撑,通过一所述铰接轴铰接设置在所述底座的底板上,所述顶撑的端面设置有用于支撑所述导轨的凹槽;
    鳄鱼夹,通过一所述铰接轴设置在两根所述座梁之间,所述鳄鱼夹支撑在所述导轨上。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的爬式脚手架,其特征在于,所述导轨包括两根背对背设置的槽钢,连接在两根所述槽钢的腹板之间的连接柱,以及连接在两根所 述槽钢的其中一侧翼缘板之间的连接片;所述槽钢的槽口为导槽,所述导槽嵌入到所述导轮的轮架之内,所述导轮的轮子滚动设置在所述导槽之内;所述顶撑和鳄鱼夹分别支撑在所述导轨的连接柱上;所述架体通过螺栓螺纹连接在所述连接片上。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的爬式脚手架,其特征在于,所述架体为由钢底板、立杆、X向杆件、Y向杆件、Z向杆件和斜拉杆件拼装而成的脚手架;
    还包括:
    走道板,铺设在所述Y向杆件上;
    防护网,设置在所述脚手架的外侧面;
    斜撑杆,铰接设置在所述脚手架上,用于装配在墙体上;
    翻板,铰接设置所述脚手架的内侧面;
    硬隔板,设置在所述脚手架与楼板之间。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的爬式脚手架,其特征在于,所述上提升钢梁包括:
    尾板,通过螺栓设置在墙体上;
    型钢,垂直设置在所述尾板上;
    吊环,设置在所述型钢的下方。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的爬式脚手架,其特征在于,所述下提升钢梁包括:
    梁架,设置在所述架体的下端;
    梁板,分布在所述梁架的上端的两侧;
    安装板,设置在其中一侧所述梁板上;
    吊板,为垂直设置在所述安装板上的两块,所述吊板上设置有通孔;
    劲板,设置在所述吊板与安装板之间。
  7. 一种根据权利要求1所述的爬式脚手架的爬升方法,其特征在于,
    通过电动葫芦控制吊线对所述架体及其连接的导轨同步向上提升至指定标高。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的爬式脚手架的爬升方法,其特征在于,
    在架体提升之前,将斜撑杆从墙体上拆除,翻板翻起脱离墙体,拆除硬隔板;
    在架体提升之后,将斜撑杆设置在墙体上,将顶撑支撑在导轨上,将鳄鱼 夹支撑在导轨上,将翻板翻转到墙体上,将硬隔板安装到架体与楼板上。
  9. 一种根据权利要求1-6中任一项所述的爬式脚手架的安装方法,其特征在于,包括:
    步骤301,准备施工第1层建筑结构,将爬式脚手架的架体的前两层吊装并竖立在待施工的第1层建筑结构的外侧;
    步骤302,施工第1层建筑结构,将前两层架体通过临时拉结机构设置在第1层建筑结构上,在第1层建筑结构的墙体上安装第1层的抗倾覆支座,将翻板翻转到第1层建筑结构的墙体上;
    步骤303,施工第2层建筑结构,在第1框施工完成之后,将剩余架体吊装在前两层架体上并组装;拆除第1层建筑结构上的临时拉结机构,将架体通过临时拉结机构设置在第2层建筑结构上,在架体上安装下提升钢梁;
    步骤304,在第2层建筑结构的墙体上安装第2层的抗倾覆支座;
    步骤305,施工第3层建筑结构,在第2框施工完成之后,将架体上的斜撑杆安装在第2层建筑结构上;
    步骤306,在第3层建筑结构的墙体上安装第3层的抗倾覆支座,同时将上提升钢梁安装在第3层建筑结构的墙体上,将电动葫芦安装在上提升钢梁与下提升钢梁之间,拆除架体上的临时拉结机构,将斜撑杆安装在第2层建筑结构上。
  10. 一种根据权利要求1-6中任一项所述的爬式脚手架的装配式建筑的施工方法,其特征在于,包括:
    步骤S401,将爬式脚手架设置在第N层至第N+2层上,在第N+3层建筑结构的楼板上进行第N+2框的预制墙体施工,在该预制墙体与第N+2层建筑结构的楼板之间设置临时拉结机构;
    步骤S402,在第N+2层进行套筒灌浆作业,将斜撑杆与第N+1层建筑结构断开连接并固定在架体上,翻板从第N层建筑结构上翻起脱离墙体;
    步骤S403,拆除第1层建筑结构上的第1层的抗倾覆支座,通过电动葫芦控制吊线对架体及其上导轨同步向上提升;
    步骤S404,在架体提升至指定标高之后,将斜撑杆安装在第N+2层建筑结构上,翻板翻转到第N+1层建筑结构的墙体上;
    步骤S405,在架体与第第N+2框预制墙体之间设置临时拉结机构,施工第N+3层建筑结构的楼板;
    步骤S406,在第N+3层建筑结构的墙体上安装第N+3层的抗倾覆支座,将第N+2层建筑结构上的上提升钢梁翻转安装到第N+3层建筑结构的墙体上。
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CN113404281A (zh) * 2021-05-31 2021-09-17 上海建工二建集团有限公司 爬式脚手架及其爬升和安装方法、装配式建筑的施工方法

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CN115506572A (zh) * 2022-10-17 2022-12-23 上海建工四建集团有限公司 型钢悬挑架立杆约束装置及施工方法

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