WO2018028040A1 - 一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室 - Google Patents

一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018028040A1
WO2018028040A1 PCT/CN2016/101677 CN2016101677W WO2018028040A1 WO 2018028040 A1 WO2018028040 A1 WO 2018028040A1 CN 2016101677 W CN2016101677 W CN 2016101677W WO 2018028040 A1 WO2018028040 A1 WO 2018028040A1
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prefabricated
laminated
cast
basement
place
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PCT/CN2016/101677
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English (en)
French (fr)
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张剑
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长沙远大住宅工业集团股份有限公司
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Publication of WO2018028040A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018028040A1/zh

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/17Floor structures partly formed in situ
    • E04B5/18Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly cast between filling members

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  • the invention belongs to the technical field of construction engineering, and particularly relates to a superposed assembly integrated basement of a building beam and column system.
  • the traditional building basement project uses all cast-in-place concrete structures, which requires the excavation of large underground foundation pits to ensure large-scale construction of on-site raw material stacking, concrete transportation, supporting, pouring, vibrating, curing, folding and so on.
  • the operation space therefore, the earthwork has a large amount of excavation and the backfilling amount is also large. Since all work is done on site, all wall panels and roof panels are equipped with formwork, and the formwork must be removed after the concrete has reached full strength.
  • the formwork and scaffolding are in great demand, the construction period is long, the labor is large, and all raw materials are It is transported to the site in bulk form, polluting the environment, causing waste of raw materials, high labor costs, and the manual vibration of concrete on-site pouring is difficult and demanding. If it is slightly vibrating, it will leave hidden water leakage. In addition, the quality of cast-in-place concrete is uncontrollable, the curing conditions are poor, and the possibility of micro-cracks in concrete is large. In the later stage, rainwater will leak through micro-cracks, which will affect the building quality.
  • the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to solve the problems existing in the prior art described above, and to provide a superposed assembly integrated basement of a building beam and column system, which fully utilizes the factory prefabrication quality, high speed, high efficiency and environmental protection performance.
  • Good and cast-in-place goodness and high structural strength overcome the shortcomings of the two, develop strengths and avoid weaknesses, realize no modular construction on site, small amount of earthwork, low labor cost and material cost, fast construction speed, controllable quality, no environment Pollution, excellent technical performance.
  • the technical solution adopted by the invention is: a superimposed assembly integral type of a building beam and column system
  • the basement floor is a fully cast-in-place concrete floor or a prefabricated floor.
  • the basement side wall is a prefabricated sandwich wall.
  • the cast-in-place column is equipped with a laminated beam.
  • the basement roof is prefabricated.
  • the laminated beam comprises a precast beam portion and a cast-in-situ beam portion.
  • the prefabricated solid floor slab comprises a laminated slab prefabricated layer and a laminated slab cast-in-place layer, and the prefabricated solid slab laminated slab prefabricated layer end overlaps the precast beam portion of the laminated beam And the jointed steel bar and/or the structural steel bar are connected, and the cast-in-place layer of the prefabricated solid floor slab and the cast-in-place part of the laminated beam are integrally connected and fixed together with the cast-in-place concrete.
  • the prefabricated laminated hollow floor slab comprises a laminated floor prefabricated layer and a laminated floor cast-in-place layer, and the plurality of lightweight filling blocks or hollow boxes are evenly filled in the cast-in-place layer of the laminated floor slab, and the slab is laminated
  • the prefabricated layer ends are overlapped on the prefabricated beam portion of the laminated beam, and the jointed steel bars and/or the structural steel bars are connected, and the cast-in-place layer of the prefabricated laminated hollow floor slab is combined with the cast-in-situ beam portion of the laminated beam
  • the cast-in-place concrete is integrally connected and fixed.
  • the laminated beam adopts an open beam and/or a dark beam.
  • the prefabricated laminated bottom plate comprises a bottom plate prefabricated layer and a bottom plate cast-in-place layer.
  • the prefabricated sandwich wall comprises a prefabricated outer leaf wall, a prefabricated inner blade wall and a cast-in-place sandwich layer.
  • the prefabricated laminated hollow floor slab is uniformly filled with a plurality of light-filled blocks or hollow boxes in the cast-in-place layer of the laminated floor, so that a plurality of uniform honeycomb cores and honeycombs are formed in the cast-in-place layer of the laminated floor. There are wide rib beams between the cores.
  • the superimposed and assembled integrated basement of the invention is prefabricated by a part of the factory, and a part of the cast-in-place is superposed on the site, and the advantage of the factory prefabrication quality, high speed, high efficiency, good on-site casting integrity and high structural strength is fully utilized, and the two are overcome.
  • Disadvantages, strengths and weaknesses have changed the original backward state of the traditional cast-in-place basement with large amount of earthwork, difficult construction, high cost, long cycle, low efficiency, waste of raw materials and serious environmental pollution, realizing no formwork construction on site, small amount of earthwork, Low labor cost and material cost, fast construction speed, controllable quality, no environmental pollution, high quality and high efficiency, and excellent waterproof performance.
  • the traditional technical period is 40 days
  • the construction period is 10 days
  • the traditional technical workers are 156
  • the invention only needs 82 people
  • the amount of templates used is greatly reduced
  • the amount of scaffolding is reduced
  • manual measures are reduced.
  • the body plastering is reduced, the construction speed is increased by four times, civilized construction, and environmental protection performance is good.
  • the cost of formwork engineering is reduced by 100 yuan/m 2
  • the cost of cast-in-place steel and concrete works is reduced by 127 yuan/m 2
  • the cost of waterproofing works is reduced by 87/m 2
  • the cost of masonry and plastering works is reduced by 29 yuan / m 2
  • the cost of scaffolding construction is reduced by 30 yuan/m 2
  • the cost of other measures is reduced by 25 yuan/m 2 . Therefore, the laminated assembled basement of the present invention reduces the construction cost by 398 yuan/m 2 compared to the conventional construction basement.
  • the production of the invention is a flexible intelligent production line operation, high production efficiency and low cost, and the transportation of the invention is convenient, high-efficiency and low in cost; the construction of the invention is simple and easy to operate, the construction quality is controllable, the comprehensive cost is low, the appearance is smooth, and the waterproof Good performance and excellent overall quality.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a schematic view showing the installation structure of the prefabricated laminated hollow floor
  • Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the installation structure of the prefabricated laminated solid floor.
  • 1 Full precast concrete floor
  • 2 prefabricated sandwich wall
  • 3 cast-in-place column
  • 4-folded beam 5-folded floor prefabricated layer
  • 7 lightweight filled block Or a hollow box.
  • a stacking beam and column system of the present invention is a superposed assembled integrated basement, wherein the basement floor is a fully cast-in-place concrete floor or a prefabricated floor, and the basement side wall is a prefabricated sandwich wall. There are a number of cast-in-place columns in the middle of the basement. The cast-in-place columns are equipped with superimposed beams.
  • the basement roof is made of prefabricated solid floor slabs or prefabricated hollow slabs.
  • the basement is n-story with prefabricated laminated hollow slabs or prefabricated solid slabs.
  • n is a natural number; the prefabricated laminated hollow floor or prefabricated solid floor slab of the basement roof is connected with the top of the prefabricated laminated sandwich wall and the laminated beam on the cast-in-place column; the prefabricated super-neck of the basement is negative n-layer
  • the hollow floor or prefabricated solid floor is integrated with the laminated beams on the cast-in-place column.
  • the laminated beam comprises a prefabricated beam portion and a cast-in-situ beam portion, the prefabricated solid floor slab comprising a laminated floor prefabricated layer and a laminated floor cast-in-place layer, and a prefabricated solid floor slab laminated floor prefabricated layer end Lap the precast beam part of the laminated beam and connect the jointed steel bars and/or the structural steel bars, and the cast-in-place layer of the prefabricated solid floor slab and the cast-in-place part of the laminated beam are integrally connected with the cast-in-place concrete
  • the fixed prefabricated hollow floor slab comprises a laminated slab prefabricated layer and a laminated slab cast-in-place layer, and is uniformly filled with a plurality of lightweight filling blocks or hollow boxes in the cast-in-place layer of the laminated slab, and the prefabricated slab is laminated End overlap in superposition
  • the precast beam part of the beam is connected with the jointed steel bar and/or the structural steel bar, and the cast-in-place layer of the prefabricated laminated hollow floor slab
  • the composite beam comprises a bright beam and/or a dark beam
  • the prefabricated laminated bottom plate comprises a bottom layer precast layer and a bottom layer cast-in-place layer
  • the prefabricated sandwich wall comprising a prefabricated outer leaf wall, a prefabricated inner leaf wall and a present Pour the sandwich layer, the prefabricated laminated hollow floor slab is evenly filled with a plurality of lightweight filling blocks or hollow boxes in the cast-in-place layer of the laminated floor, so that a plurality of uniform honeycomb cores are formed in the cast-in-place layer of the laminated floor, the honeycomb core There are wide rib beams between them.

Abstract

一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,地下室底板为全现浇混凝土底板或预制叠合底板,地下室侧墙为预制叠合夹心墙(2),地下室中间设有若干现浇柱(3),现浇柱(3)上安装有叠合梁(4),地下室顶板采用预制叠合实心楼板或预制叠合空心楼板,地下室负n层采用预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板,n为自然数;地下室顶板的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与预制叠合夹心墙(2)顶部、现浇柱(3)上的叠合梁(4)三者连接成整体;地下室负n层的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与现浇柱(3)上的叠合梁(4)连接成整体。建造时,可充分发挥工厂预制质量好、速度快、效率高、环保性能好和现浇整体性好、结构强度高的优势,实现现场无模块化施工,土方量小,成本低,建设速度快,质量可控,无环境污染,技术性能优良。

Description

一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室 技术领域:
本发明属于建筑工程技术领域,具体涉及一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室
背景技术:
众所周知,传统建筑地下室工程全部采用现浇混凝土结构,这就需要开挖足够大的地下基坑,以保证现场原材料堆放、混凝土运输、支模、浇筑、振捣、养护、折模等大规模施工操作空间,因此土方挖量大,回填量也大。由于所有工作都是在现场完成,所有墙板及顶板均要配置模板,且模板要在混凝土完全达到强度后才能拆除,因此,模板、脚手架需求量大,施工周期长,人工多,所有原材料均以散装形式运到现场,污染环境,造成原材料浪费,人工成本高,而且混凝土现场浇注人工振捣操作难度大,要求高,稍有振捣不实,就会留下漏水隐患。此外,现场浇注混凝土质量不可控,养护条件差,混凝土出现微裂纹的可能性大,后期雨水会通过微裂纹渗漏,影响建筑质量。
发明内容:
本发明所要解决的技术问题是:解决上述现有技术存在的问题,而提供一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,充分发挥工厂预制质量好、速度快、效率高、环保性能好和现浇整体性好、结构强度高的优势,克服两者的缺点,扬长避短,实现现场无模块化施工,土方量小,人工成本和材料成本低,建设速度快,质量可控,无环境污染,技术性能优良。
本发明采用的技术方案是:一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式 地下室,地下室底板为全现浇混凝土底板或预制叠合底板,地下室侧墙为预制叠合夹心墙,地下室中间设有若干现浇柱,现浇柱上安装有叠合梁,地下室顶板采用预制叠合实心楼板或预制叠合空心楼板,地下室负n层采用预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板,n为自然数;地下室顶板的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与预制叠合夹心墙顶部、现浇柱上的叠合梁三者连接成整体;地下室负n层的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与现浇柱上的叠合梁连接成整体。
上述技术方案中,所述的叠合梁包括预制梁部分和现浇梁部分。
上述技术方案中,所述预制叠合实心楼板包括叠合楼板预制层和叠合楼板现浇层,预制叠合实心楼板的叠合楼板预制层端头搭接在叠合梁的预制梁部分上,并连接有拼缝钢筋和/或构造钢筋,预制叠合实心楼板的叠合楼板现浇层与叠合梁的现浇部分一起现浇混凝土整体连接固定成型。
上述技术方案中,所述预制叠合空心楼板包括叠合楼板预制层和叠合楼板现浇层,在叠合楼板现浇层中均匀填充有多块轻质填充块或空心盒子,叠合楼板预制层端头搭接在叠合梁的预制梁部分上,并连接有拼缝钢筋和/或构造钢筋,预制叠合空心楼板的叠合楼板现浇层与叠合梁的现浇梁部分一起现浇混凝土整体连接固定成型。
上述技术方案中,所述的叠合梁采用明梁和/或暗梁。
上述技术方案中,所述的预制叠合底板包括底板预制层和底板现浇层。
上述技术方案中,所述预制叠合夹心墙包括预制外叶墙、预制内叶墙和现浇夹心层。
上述技术方案中,所述预制叠合空心楼板在叠合楼板现浇层中均匀填充有多块轻质填充块或空心盒子,使叠合楼板现浇层中形成多个均匀的蜂窝芯,蜂窝芯之间具有宽肋梁。
本发明的叠合装配整体式地下室通过工厂预制一部分,现场叠合现浇一部分,充分发挥工厂预制质量好、速度快、效率高和现场浇注整体性好、结构强度高的优势,克服两者的缺点,扬长避短,改变了传统现浇地下室土方量大、施工困难、成本高、周期长、效率低、原材料浪费多、环境污染严重的原始落后状态,实现了现场无模板化施工,土方量小,人工成本和材料成本低,建设速度快,质量可控,无环境污染,优质高效,并具有优良的防水性能。
以面积为10431m2的地下室为例,传统技术工期40天,本发明工期10天,传统技术工人156人,本发明只需82人,所用模板量大大减少,脚手架用量减少,人工措施减少,砌体抹灰减少,施工速度提高四倍,文明施工,环保性能好。以工程造价为例,模板工程造价减少100元/m2,现浇钢筋、混凝土工程造价减少127元/m2,防水工程造价减少87/m2,砌体及抹灰工程造价减少29元/m2,脚手架工程费用减少30元/m2,其他措施项目费用减少25元/m2。因此,本发明的叠合装配式地下室比传统技术施工地下室减少工程造价398元/m2
本发明的生产为柔性智能生产流水线作业,生产效率高,成本低,本发明的运输方便、高效、成本低;本发明的施工简单易操作,施工质量可控,综合成本低,外观平整,防水性能好,整体质量优。
附图说明:
图1为本发明整体结构示意图;
图2为预制叠合空心楼板安装结构示意图;
图3为预制叠合实心楼板安装结构示意图。
附图标注:
1—全预制混凝土底板,2—预制叠合夹心墙,3—现浇柱,4—叠合梁,5—叠合楼板预制层,6—叠合楼板现浇层,7—轻质填充块或空心盒子。
具体实施方式:
参见图1、图2、图3,本发明一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,地下室底板为全现浇混凝土底板或预制叠合底板,地下室侧墙为预制叠合夹心墙,地下室中间设有若干现浇柱,现浇柱上安装有叠合梁,地下室顶板采用预制叠合实心楼板或预制叠合空心楼板,地下室负n层采用预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板,n为自然数;地下室顶板的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与预制叠合夹心墙顶部、现浇柱上的叠合梁三者连接成整体;地下室负n层的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与现浇柱上的叠合梁连接成整体。所述的叠合梁包括预制梁部分和现浇梁部分,所述预制叠合实心楼板包括叠合楼板预制层和叠合楼板现浇层,预制叠合实心楼板的叠合楼板预制层端头搭接在叠合梁的预制梁部分上,并连接有拼缝钢筋和/或构造钢筋,预制叠合实心楼板的叠合楼板现浇层与叠合梁的现浇部分一起现浇混凝土整体连接固定成型,所述预制叠合空心楼板包括叠合楼板预制层和叠合楼板现浇层,在叠合楼板现浇层中均匀填充有多块轻质填充块或空心盒子,叠合楼板预制层端头搭接在叠合 梁的预制梁部分上,并连接有拼缝钢筋和/或构造钢筋,预制叠合空心楼板的叠合楼板现浇层与叠合梁的现浇梁部分一起现浇混凝土整体连接固定成型,所述的叠合梁采用明梁和/或暗梁,所述的预制叠合底板包括底板预制层和底板现浇层,所述预制叠合夹心墙包括预制外叶墙、预制内叶墙和现浇夹心层,所述预制叠合空心楼板在叠合楼板现浇层中均匀填充有多块轻质填充块或空心盒子,使叠合楼板现浇层中形成多个均匀的蜂窝芯,蜂窝芯之间具有宽肋梁。

Claims (8)

  1. 一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:地下室底板为全现浇混凝土底板或预制叠合底板,地下室侧墙为预制叠合夹心墙,地下室中间设有若干现浇柱,现浇柱上安装有叠合梁,地下室顶板采用预制叠合实心楼板或预制叠合空心楼板,地下室负n层采用预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板,n为自然数;地下室顶板的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与预制叠合夹心墙顶部、现浇柱上的叠合梁三者连接成整体;地下室负n层的预制叠合空心楼板或预制叠合实心楼板与现浇柱上的叠合梁连接成整体。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述的叠合梁包括预制梁部分和现浇梁部分。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述预制叠合实心楼板包括叠合楼板预制层和叠合楼板现浇层,预制叠合实心楼板的叠合楼板预制层端头搭接在叠合梁的预制梁部分上,并连接有拼缝钢筋和/或构造钢筋,预制叠合实心楼板的叠合楼板现浇层与叠合梁的现浇部分一起现浇混凝土整体连接固定成型。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述预制叠合空心楼板包括叠合楼板预制层和叠合楼板现浇层,在叠合楼板现浇层中均匀填充有多块轻质填充块或空心盒子,叠合楼板预制层端头搭接在叠合梁的预制梁部分上,并连接有拼缝钢筋和/或构造钢筋,预制叠合空心楼板的叠合楼板现浇层与叠合梁的现浇梁部分一起现浇混凝土整体连接固定成型。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述的叠合梁采用明梁和/或暗梁。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述的预制叠合底板包括底板预制层和底板现浇层。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述预制叠合夹心墙包括预制外叶墙、预制内叶墙和现浇夹心层。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室,其特征在于:所述叠合楼板现浇层中均有填充有多块轻质填充块或空心盒子,使叠合楼板现浇层中形成多个均匀的蜂窝芯,蜂窝芯之间具有宽肋梁。
PCT/CN2016/101677 2016-08-12 2016-10-10 一种楼盖梁柱体系的叠合装配整体式地下室 WO2018028040A1 (zh)

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