WO2012041058A1 - Compression molding apparatus for bricks and method using the same - Google Patents

Compression molding apparatus for bricks and method using the same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012041058A1
WO2012041058A1 PCT/CN2011/072969 CN2011072969W WO2012041058A1 WO 2012041058 A1 WO2012041058 A1 WO 2012041058A1 CN 2011072969 W CN2011072969 W CN 2011072969W WO 2012041058 A1 WO2012041058 A1 WO 2012041058A1
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Prior art keywords
molding die
die box
pallet
box
cylinder
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PCT/CN2011/072969
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄向阳
陈鸿辉
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泉州市祥达机械制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201010293385.7 priority Critical
Priority to CN2010102933857A priority patent/CN101941234B/en
Application filed by 泉州市祥达机械制造有限公司 filed Critical 泉州市祥达机械制造有限公司
Publication of WO2012041058A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012041058A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • B28B13/0215Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo
    • B28B13/023Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo by using a feed box transferring the moulding material from a hopper to the moulding cavities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/04Discharging the shaped articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/04Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form with one ram per mould
    • B28B3/06Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form with one ram per mould with two or more ram and mould sets

Abstract

A compression molding apparatus for bricks comprises a frame (1), a molding box (3), an upper ram (21), a supporting plate mechanism, a distributing vehicle (4) and a brick -receiving machine (5) arranged on two opposite sides of the frame (1), respectively. A horizontal working table (11) is provided at the lower end of the frame (1). The upper ram (21) is positioned above the molding box (3), with the upper end thereof being connected with an oil cylinder (2) of the upper ram (21). The supporting plate mechanism comprises a supporting plate (6) used for closing the bottom of the molding box (3) and movably overlapped on the horizontal working table (11) located under the molding box (3), and a reciprocating plate driving oil cylinder (61) positioned beneath the distributing vehicle (4) and used for horizontally pushing and pulling the supporting plate (6) which is connected to the piston head of the plate driving oil cylinder (61). The apparatus requires only one supporting plate (6), so that the production efficiency is increased and the production cost is decreased. A compression molding method for bricks using the apparatus is also provided.

Description

[根据细则37.2由ISA制定的发明名称] 一种砌块压制成型设备及使用其的方法[Name of invention made by ISA according to Rule 37.2] A block press molding apparatus and method using same 技术领域  Technical field
本发明涉及一种建筑用砌块的压制成型方法及其设备,特别是成型机托板的改进。  The present invention relates to a press forming method for a building block and an apparatus therefor, and in particular to an improvement of a forming machine pallet.
背景技术Background technique
现有的一种砌块压制成型机主要包括供料装置、布料装置、振动装置、成型模箱和送托板装置及砌块输送装置,供料装置提供水泥、沙子、石粉等原料组成的混合物料,布料装置将混合物均匀分布于成型模箱内,振动装置和上压头共同工作将混合粉料压实成型,最后将成型的砌块脱模后通过砌块输送装置送入下一道加工程序。The existing block press forming machine mainly comprises a feeding device, a distributing device, a vibration device, a molding die box and a feeding plate device and a block conveying device, and the feeding device provides a mixture of raw materials such as cement, sand and stone powder. Material, the cloth device evenly distributes the mixture in the molding mold box, the vibration device and the upper pressing head work together to compact the mixed powder, and finally the formed block is demoulded and sent to the next processing program through the block conveying device. .
如中国发明专利CN2574867Y公开一种砌块成型机,包括机架、油缸、上压头、成型模箱、供料装置、送托板装置、传送成品装置等部件,机架底端设放置托板的水平工作台,上压头设在成型模箱上方,上压头上方连接有上压头油缸并可滑动地设置于机架两端的柱体上,成型模箱连接有成型模箱油缸并可滑动地设置于机架两端的柱体上。使用该一种砌块成型机进行工作时,首先将托板放在成型模箱下方的水平工作台上,启动供料装置将物料倒入成型模箱,加压振动成型,再将成型砌块脱模处理。脱模过程中,启动成型模箱油缸,带动成型模箱向上运动,同时启动上压头油缸,带动上压头向下运动,上压头和成型模箱的相对运动将砌块推放到托板上,最后将装有砌块的托板通过传送成品装置送入下一道加工工序。For example, Chinese invention patent CN2574867Y discloses a block forming machine, which comprises a frame, a cylinder, an upper pressing head, a molding die box, a feeding device, a feeding plate device, a conveying finished device and the like, and a pallet is arranged at the bottom end of the frame. The horizontal working table has an upper pressing head disposed above the molding die box, and an upper pressing head cylinder is connected above the upper pressing head and slidably disposed on the cylinders at both ends of the frame, and the molding die box is connected with the molding die cylinder and Slidingly placed on the cylinders at both ends of the rack. When using this kind of block forming machine for work, first place the pallet on the horizontal workbench under the molding die box, start the feeding device to pour the material into the molding die box, pressurize and vibrate, and then form the forming block. Demoulding treatment. During the demolding process, the molding die cylinder is activated to drive the molding die box upward, and the upper pressure cylinder is activated to drive the upper pressing head downward, and the relative movement of the upper pressing head and the molding die box pushes the block to the support. On the board, finally, the pallets with the blocks are sent to the next processing step by transferring the finished device.
上述现有技术的一种砌块成型机都有其缺陷:首先,生产过程中需要准备大量托板,并通过送板机连续不断的供给,同时需及时回收托板利用人工操作重新置入送板机,使工艺程序和操作难度加大,操作人员的劳动量大,降低了生产效率,并加大了设备投入和生产成本。The above-mentioned prior art block forming machine has its drawbacks: First, a large number of pallets need to be prepared in the production process, and continuously supplied through the sheet feeding machine, and the pallets need to be recovered in time to be re-inserted by manual operation. The board machine makes the process and operation more difficult, the labor of the operator is large, the production efficiency is reduced, and the equipment investment and production cost are increased.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明要解决的技术问题在于提供一种砌块压制成型机,其克服了现有技术的砌块成型机需要连续不断地通过送板机供给托板、人工装配托板而导致的工序复杂、效率降低、成本加大、费时费力等缺陷。The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a block press molding machine which overcomes the complicated process that the block forming machine of the prior art needs to continuously supply the pallet through the plate feeder and manually assemble the pallet. Defects such as reduced efficiency, increased costs, time-consuming and laborious.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是:In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
一种砌块压制成型方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤:A block press forming method, comprising the steps of:
(1)设定各部件的初始状态,首先把成型模箱定位在成型模箱上方的机架立柱上;并将一可水平移动的托板配合在水平工作台与成型模箱之间,此时的托板将成型模箱的底部封闭处于压制工位;调整上压头使其处于成型模箱的上方;(1) setting the initial state of each component, first positioning the molding die box on the frame column above the molding die box; and fitting a horizontally movable pallet between the horizontal work table and the molding die box, The tray is closed at the bottom of the molding die box at the pressing station; the upper pressing head is adjusted to be above the molding die box;
(2)推进布料车至成型模箱的上部,对成型模箱进行强制布料,布料完成后,布料车回位; (2) Push the cloth cart to the upper part of the molding die box, and force the fabric to form the mold box. After the cloth is finished, the cloth cart returns to the position;
(3)启动上压头油缸,带动上压头下行压制成型模箱内的粉料,将成型模箱内的粉料压制成型,制成砖坯,上压头油缸停止工作,并使上压头保持该压持状态;(3) Start the upper pressure head cylinder, drive the upper pressing head down to press the powder in the molding mold box, press the powder in the molding mold box to form the brick blank, the upper pressure head cylinder stops working, and the upper pressing head Maintaining the pressed state;
(4)启动托板油缸,托板油缸活塞回缩,带动托板水平移动直至完全离开成型模箱而处于脱模工位;(4) Starting the pallet cylinder, the piston of the pallet cylinder is retracted, and the pallet is moved horizontally until it completely leaves the molding die box and is in the demolding station;
(5)通过上压头、成型模箱相配合对压制后的成型砖坯进行脱模,直至成型砖坯完全脱离成型模箱置于水平工作台上;脱模完成后,上压头上行复位;(5) demolding the pressed shaped brick by the upper pressing head and the molding die box until the forming brick is completely separated from the molding die box and placed on the horizontal working table; after the demoulding is completed, the upper pressing head is reset upward;
(6)启动托板油缸,将托板推进活动配合在水平工作台与成型模箱之间使其处于压制工位,托板移动过程的同时将所有脱模后的成型砖坯推送至接砖机上,接砖机输出成型砖坯,完成一个工作过程;重复上述步骤,直至停机。(6) Start the pallet cylinder, and match the pallet propulsion activity between the horizontal workbench and the molding die box to make it in the pressing station. When the pallet moves, all the demoulded bricks are pushed to the bricklayer. The brick-connecting machine outputs the formed brick blank to complete a working process; repeat the above steps until the machine stops.
进一步,上述成型模箱固定在机架立柱上,所述水平工作平台与成型模箱之间具有可供单块成型砖坯自由通过的间距;成型模箱所述步骤(5)中的脱模过程包括:再次启动上压头油缸,带动上压头下行将成型砖坯推出成型模箱,成型砖坯完全脱离成型模箱置于水平工作台上。Further, the molding die box is fixed on the frame column, and the horizontal working platform and the molding die box have a space for the single piece forming brick to pass freely; the demoulding process in the step (5) of the forming mold box Including: restarting the upper head cylinder, driving the upper pressing head to push the formed brick blank out of the forming mold box, and the forming brick blank is completely separated from the forming mold box and placed on the horizontal working table.
上述成型模箱滑动配合在水平工作台上方的机架立柱上,所述机架上装设有与成型模箱相连接的升降油缸,升降油缸可带动成型模箱沿立柱上下移动;压制工位的成型模箱与水平工作台之间的间距小于成型砖坯的高度;所述步骤(5)中的脱模过程包括:启动升降油缸,带动成型模箱上行,上压头同时下降使成型砖坯完全脱离成型模箱并置于水平工作台上,此时处于脱模工位的成型模箱与水平工作平台之间具有可供单块成型砖坯自由通过的间距;所述步骤(6)中的托板推送到位而叠置在水平工作台而处于压制工位后,及时启动升降油缸促使成型模箱下行叠置在托板上恢复压制工位。The molding die box is slidably fitted on the frame column above the horizontal workbench, and the lifting cylinder is connected with the molding die box, and the lifting cylinder can drive the molding die box to move up and down along the column; The spacing between the molding die box and the horizontal working table is smaller than the height of the forming brick; the demolding process in the step (5) includes: starting the lifting cylinder, driving the forming mold box upward, and lowering the upper pressing head to completely separate the forming brick blank Forming the mold box and placing it on the horizontal workbench. At this time, there is a space between the molding die box at the demolding station and the horizontal working platform for free passage of the single-formed brick; the pallet in the step (6) After being pushed to the position and stacked on the horizontal workbench and in the pressing station, the lifting cylinder is started in time to cause the forming mold box to be stacked on the pallet to resume the pressing station.
本发明还提供了一种实现上述方法的砌块压制成型机,包括机架、成型模箱、上压头、托板机构以及相对布设在机架两侧的布料车、接砖机,机架底端装设水平工作台,上压头设在成型模箱上方,上压头上方连接有上压头油缸,其特征在于:所述托板机构包括一个活动叠置在成型模箱下方的水平工作台上并可将成型模箱底部封闭的托板和装设在布料车下方用于水平推拉托板的往复式送板油缸,托板与送板油缸的活塞头连接。The invention also provides a block press forming machine for realizing the above method, comprising a frame, a molding die box, an upper pressing head, a pallet mechanism and a cloth truck, a brick connecting machine and a rack disposed on opposite sides of the rack. The bottom end is provided with a horizontal workbench, the upper pressing head is arranged above the molding die box, and the upper pressing head cylinder is connected with the upper pressing head cylinder, wherein the pallet mechanism comprises a level horizontally stacked under the molding die box. The pallet can be closed on the workbench and the reciprocating plate cylinder which is installed under the cloth car for horizontally pushing and pulling the pallet, and the pallet is connected with the piston head of the feeding cylinder.
上述成型模箱固定在水平工作台上方的机架上,所述成型模箱与水平工作台之间具有可供单块成型砖坯自由通过的间距,所述托板的厚度与成型模箱与水平工作台之间的间距相当。The forming mold box is fixed on a frame above the horizontal work table, and the forming mold box and the horizontal work table have a space for the single piece forming brick to pass freely, the thickness of the pallet and the molding mold box and the level The spacing between the workbenches is equivalent.
作为另一种结构形式,上述成型模箱滑动配合在水平工作台上方的机架立柱上,所述机架上装设有与成型模箱相连接的升降油缸,升降油缸可带动成型模箱沿立柱上下移动。As another structural form, the molding die box is slidably fitted on the frame column above the horizontal workbench, and the lifting cylinder is connected with the molding die box, and the lifting cylinder can drive the molding die box along the column. move up and down.
本机只需布设一个托板,托板通过设在布料车下方的往复式送板油缸带动水平进出成型模箱与水平工作台之间,压制砌块时,送板油缸将托板推置于水平工作台上以封闭成型模箱下端口,压制成型后,送板油缸活塞回缩将托板回拉使托板脱离成型模箱,成型砖坯完成脱模后置放于水平工作台上,送板油缸再次将托板推送至成型模箱与水平工作台之间,托板推进的过程中同时将水平工作台上的成型砖坯推到接砖机上,托板被推送到位时即封闭成型模箱下端口并将水平工作台上的所有成型砖坯推上接砖机送出,如此重复上述动作,直至压制工作完成。The machine only needs to set up a pallet, and the pallet drives the horizontally in and out of the molding die box and the horizontal worktable through the reciprocating plate feeding cylinder disposed under the cloth car. When the block is pressed, the feeding plate cylinder pushes the pallet into the plate. On the horizontal workbench, the lower port of the molding die box is closed, and after pressing and forming, the piston of the sending plate cylinder is retracted, and the pallet is pulled back to disengage the pallet from the molding die box, and the formed brick blank is placed on the horizontal workbench after being demolded, and sent. The plate cylinder pushes the pallet again between the molding die box and the horizontal workbench, and simultaneously pushes the formed brick blank on the horizontal workbench to the brick-connecting machine during the process of pushing the pallet, and the molding die box is closed when the pallet is pushed into position. Lower the port and push all the formed bricks on the horizontal workbench to the bricklayer, and repeat the above actions until the pressing work is completed.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明第一实施例的结构示意图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a first embodiment of the present invention.
图2是本发明第一实施例的脱模状态示意图。Fig. 2 is a schematic view showing the state of demolding of the first embodiment of the present invention.
图3是本发明第一实施例的输出砖坯状态示意图。Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the state of the output brick of the first embodiment of the present invention.
图4是本发明第二实施例的脱模状态示意图。Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the state of demolding of the second embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面参照附图进一步说明本发明的具体实施方式。Specific embodiments of the present invention are further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
实施例一:Embodiment 1:
参照图1至图3。本发明的一种砌块压制成型机,包括机架1、固定在机架1顶部的上压头油缸2、上压头21、成型模箱3、布料车4、接砖机5、托板6以及往复式送板油缸61,机架1底端设水平工作台11,上压头21设在成型模箱3的上方且与上压头油缸2活塞连接;布料车4、接砖机5相对布设在机架1的两侧。成型模箱3通过锁定装置固定安装水平工作台11与上压头21之间的机架1立柱上,固定后的成型模箱3与水平工作平台11之间具有可供成型砖坯通过的间距,且该间距与成型模箱3的高度相当。托板6的厚度与成型模箱3相当,托板6可水平移动地配合在水平工作台11与成型模箱3之间,并将成型模箱3的底部封闭;布料车4下方的机架1上固装有水平轨道60,该水平轨道60的顶面与水平工作台11顶面齐平;上述托板油缸61固定在水平轨道60的后端部,托板油缸61的活塞与托板6固定连接。托板油缸61可水平推拉托板6,促使托板6滑动配合在水平轨道60上进出水平工作台11与成型模箱3之间。Refer to Figures 1 to 3. A block press molding machine of the present invention comprises a frame 1, an upper head cylinder 2 fixed on the top of the frame 1, an upper pressing head 21, a molding die box 3, a cloth cart 4, a brick joining machine 5, and a pallet 6 and the reciprocating plate feeding cylinder 61, the bottom end of the frame 1 is provided with a horizontal table 11, the upper pressing head 21 is arranged above the molding die box 3 and connected with the piston of the upper head cylinder 2; the cloth car 4, the brick machine 5 Relatively disposed on both sides of the frame 1. The molding die box 3 is fixedly mounted on the frame 1 of the frame between the horizontal work table 11 and the upper pressing head 21 by a locking device, and the gap between the fixed molding die box 3 and the horizontal working platform 11 is allowed to pass through the formed brick. And the pitch is equivalent to the height of the molding die box 3. The thickness of the pallet 6 is equivalent to that of the molding die box 3, and the pallet 6 is horizontally movable between the horizontal table 11 and the molding die box 3, and the bottom of the molding die box 3 is closed; the frame below the cloth truck 4 1 is fixed with a horizontal rail 60, the top surface of which is flush with the top surface of the horizontal table 11; the pallet cylinder 61 is fixed at the rear end portion of the horizontal rail 60, and the piston and the pallet of the pallet cylinder 61 6 fixed connection. The pallet cylinder 61 can horizontally push and pull the pallet 6 to urge the pallet 6 to slide fit between the horizontal table 11 and the molding die box 3 on the horizontal rail 60.
参考图1至图3。使用本砌块压制成型机制备砌块的方法,包括以下步骤:Refer to Figures 1 to 3. A method of preparing a block using the block press molding machine, comprising the steps of:
(1)参照图1,设定各部件的初始状态,首先把成型模箱3调整至机架1立柱上的适当位置,用锁定装置将其两端锁紧在立柱上,此时处于压制工位的成型模箱3与水平工作平台11之间具有可供单块成型砖坯7通过的间距;并使托板6活动配合在水平工作台11与成型模箱3之间,此时的托板6将成型模箱3的底部封闭处于压制工位;调整上压头使其处于成型模箱3的上方;(1) Referring to Figure 1, the initial state of each component is set. First, the molding die box 3 is adjusted to an appropriate position on the column 1 column, and both ends are locked to the column by a locking device. Between the molding die box 3 and the horizontal working platform 11, there is a space for the single-piece forming brick 7 to pass; and the pallet 6 is movably fitted between the horizontal table 11 and the molding die box 3, and the pallet at this time 6 closing the bottom of the molding die box 3 at the pressing station; adjusting the upper pressing head to be above the molding die box 3;
(2)推进布料车4至成型模箱3的上部,对成型模箱3进行强制布料,布料完成后,布料车4回位;(2) pushing the cloth cart 4 to the upper part of the molding die box 3, and forcibly fabricating the molding die box 3, after the cloth is finished, the cloth truck 4 is returned;
(3)启动上压头油缸2,带动上压头21下行压制成型模箱3内的粉料,将成型模箱3内的粉料压制成型,制成砖坯,上压头油缸2停止工作,并使上压头保持该压持状态;(3) starting the upper head cylinder 2, driving the upper pressing head 21 to press down the powder in the molding die box 3, and pressing the powder in the forming mold box 3 to form a brick blank, and the upper head cylinder 2 stops working. And maintaining the upper pressing head in the pressed state;
(4)启动托板油缸61,托板油缸61活塞回缩,带动托板6沿水平轨道顶面滑动水平移动直至完全离开成型模箱3处于脱模工位;(4) starting the pallet cylinder 61, the piston of the pallet cylinder 61 is retracted, and the pallet 6 is driven to slide horizontally along the top surface of the horizontal rail until it is completely away from the molding die box 3 at the demolding station;
(5)参照图2。再次启动上压头油缸61,带动上压头下行将成型砖坯7推出成型模箱,成型砖坯7完全脱离成型模箱置于水平工作台11上;成型砖坯7脱模后,上压头油缸61活塞回缩带动上压头6上行复位;(5) Refer to Figure 2. The upper head cylinder 61 is restarted, and the upper pressing head is driven downward to push the forming brick 7 out of the forming mold box, and the forming brick 7 is completely separated from the forming mold box and placed on the horizontal table 11; after the forming brick 7 is demolded, the upper head cylinder 61 is removed. The retraction of the piston drives the upper pressing head 6 to be reset upward;
(6)参照图3。启动托板油缸61,将托板6推至水平工作台11与成型模箱3之间使其处于压制工位,托板6移动过程的同时将所有脱模后的成型砖坯7推送至接砖机5上,接砖机5输出成型砖坯7,完成一个工作过程;重复上述步骤,直至停机。(6) Refer to Figure 3. The pallet cylinder 61 is activated, and the pallet 6 is pushed between the horizontal table 11 and the molding die box 3 to be in the pressing station, and all the demolished forming bricks 7 are pushed to the bricks while the pallet 6 is moving. On the machine 5, the brick-connecting machine 5 outputs the formed brick blank 7 to complete a working process; the above steps are repeated until the machine is stopped.
实施例二:Embodiment 2:
参照图4。本实施实例与实施例一不同的是:成型模箱3滑动配合在水平工作台上方的机架1立柱上,机架1上装设有与成型模箱3相连接的升降油缸31,升降油缸31可带动成型模箱3沿立柱上下移动,以完成配合上压头21压制成型砖坯的脱模。托板6为常规托板,处于压制工位的成型模箱3与水平工作平台11之间的间距小于成型砖坯7的高度。Refer to Figure 4. The embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that the molding die box 3 is slidably fitted on the column 1 of the frame above the horizontal work table. The frame 1 is provided with a lifting cylinder 31 connected to the molding die box 3, and the lifting cylinder 31 The molding die box 3 can be driven to move up and down along the column to complete the demolding of the press-molded brick by the upper pressing head 21. The pallet 6 is a conventional pallet, and the spacing between the molding die box 3 at the pressing station and the horizontal working platform 11 is smaller than the height of the forming brick 7.
参照图4并参考图1至图3。本实施例二提供的砌块压制成型机的工作方法,包括以下步骤:Reference is made to Figure 4 and to Figures 1 to 3. The working method of the block press molding machine provided in the second embodiment includes the following steps:
(1)设定各部件的初始状态,首先通过升降油缸31将成型模箱3调整至机架1立柱上的适当位置,此时处于压制工位的成型模箱3与水平工作台11之间的间距;并将一常规托板6活动配合在水平工作台11与成型模箱3之间,此时的托板6将成型模箱3的底部封闭处于压制工位;调整上压头使其处于成型模箱3的上方;(1) setting the initial state of each component, firstly adjusting the molding die box 3 to the appropriate position on the column 1 by the lifting cylinder 31, at this time between the molding die box 3 and the horizontal table 11 of the pressing station The spacing of the conventional pallet 6 is matched between the horizontal table 11 and the molding die box 3, at which time the pallet 6 closes the bottom of the molding die box 3 at the pressing station; Located above the molding die box 3;
(2)推进布料车4至成型模箱3的上部,对成型模箱3进行强制布料,布料完成后,布料车4回位;(2) pushing the cloth cart 4 to the upper part of the molding die box 3, and forcibly fabricating the molding die box 3, after the cloth is finished, the cloth truck 4 is returned;
(3)启动上压头油缸2,带动上压头21下行压制成型模箱3内的粉料,将成型模箱3内的粉料压制成型,制成砖坯,上压头油缸2停止工作,并使上压头保持该压持状态;(3) starting the upper head cylinder 2, driving the upper pressing head 21 to press down the powder in the molding die box 3, and pressing the powder in the forming mold box 3 to form a brick blank, and the upper head cylinder 2 stops working. And maintaining the upper pressing head in the pressed state;
(4)启动托板油缸61,托板油缸61活塞回缩,带动托板6沿水平轨道60顶面滑动水平移动直至完全离开成型模箱3;(4) starting the pallet cylinder 61, the piston of the pallet cylinder 61 is retracted, and the pallet 6 is driven to slide horizontally along the top surface of the horizontal rail 60 until it completely leaves the molding die box 3;
(5)参照图4。启动升降油缸31,带动成型模箱3上行,上压头21同时下降使成型砖坯7完全脱离成型模箱3并置于水平工作台11上;成型砖坯7脱模后,上压头油缸61活塞回缩带动上压头6上行复位;(5) Refer to Figure 4. The lifting cylinder 31 is actuated to drive the forming mold box 3 upward, and the upper pressing head 21 is simultaneously lowered to completely separate the forming brick blank 7 from the forming mold box 3 and placed on the horizontal working table 11; after the forming brick blank 7 is demolded, the upper pressing head cylinder 61 is piston The retraction drives the upper pressing head 6 to be reset upward;
(6)启动托板油缸61,将托板6推至水平工作台11上使其处于压制工位,托板6移动过程的同时将所有脱模后的成型砖坯7推送至接砖机5上,接砖机5输出成型砖坯7;(6) Starting the pallet cylinder 61, pushing the pallet 6 onto the horizontal table 11 to be in the pressing station, and pushing all the demolished forming bricks 7 to the brick-setting machine 5 while moving the pallet 6 , the brick machine 5 outputs the shaped brick blank 7;
(7)启动升降油缸31,带动成型模箱3复位而叠置在托板6上处于压制工位,完成一个工作过程;重复上述步骤,直至停机。(7) The lifting cylinder 31 is activated to drive the molding die box 3 to be reset and stacked on the pallet 6 at the pressing station to complete a working process; the above steps are repeated until the shutdown.
上述仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的设计构思并不局限于此,凡利用此构思对本发明进行非实质性的改动,均应属于侵犯本发明保护范围的行为。The above is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any insubstantial modification of the present invention by this concept should be an infringement of the scope of protection of the present invention.
工业实用性Industrial applicability
本机生产过程中不需要设置连续输送托板的送板机和大量的托板,也无需为托板的收集、分发浪费大量的人力、物力,减少了设备投入和生产成本;与传统技术相比,简化了工艺程序和操作难度,大大提高了生产效率。 There is no need to set up a conveyor for continuous conveying pallets and a large number of pallets in the production process, and it does not need to waste a lot of manpower and material resources for the collection and distribution of pallets, reducing equipment investment and production costs; Compared, it simplifies the process and operation difficulty and greatly improves the production efficiency.

Claims (6)

  1. 一种砌块压制成型方法,由砌块压制成型机成型制作,成型机包括机架、成型模箱、上压头、托板机构以及相对布设在机架两侧的布料车、接砖机,机架底端装设水平工作台,上压头设在成型模箱上方,上压头上方连接有上压头油缸,所述托板机构包括一个活动叠置在成型模箱下方的水平工作台上并可将成型模箱底部封闭的托板和装设在布料车下方用于水平推拉托板的往复式送板油缸,托板与送板油缸的活塞头连接; The utility model relates to a block pressing forming method, which is formed by a block pressing forming machine, and the forming machine comprises a frame, a forming mold box, an upper pressing head, a pallet mechanism and a cloth truck and a brick connecting machine which are arranged on opposite sides of the rack. A horizontal workbench is arranged at the bottom end of the rack, and an upper pressing head is arranged above the molding die box, and an upper pressing head cylinder is connected above the upper pressing head, and the pallet mechanism comprises a horizontal working table which is superposed and stacked under the molding die box. And a reciprocating plate cylinder which is arranged at the bottom of the molding die box and is arranged under the cloth car for horizontally pushing and pulling the pallet, and the pallet is connected with the piston head of the feeding cylinder;
    其特征在于包括以下步骤:It is characterized by the following steps:
    (1)设定各部件的初始状态,首先把成型模箱定位在成型模箱上方的机架立柱上;并将一可水平移动的托板配合在水平工作台与成型模箱之间,此时的托板将成型模箱的底部封闭处于压制工位;调整上压头使其处于成型模箱的上方;(1) setting the initial state of each component, first positioning the molding die box on the frame column above the molding die box; and fitting a horizontally movable pallet between the horizontal work table and the molding die box, The tray is closed at the bottom of the molding die box at the pressing station; the upper pressing head is adjusted to be above the molding die box;
    (2)推进布料车至成型模箱的上部,对成型模箱进行强制布料,布料完成后,布料车回位;(2) Push the cloth cart to the upper part of the molding die box, and force the fabric to form the mold box. After the cloth is finished, the cloth cart returns to the position;
    (3)启动上压头油缸,带动上压头下行压制成型模箱内的粉料,将成型模箱内的粉料压制成型,制成砖坯,上压头油缸停止工作,并使上压头保持该压持状态;(3) Start the upper pressure head cylinder, drive the upper pressing head down to press the powder in the molding mold box, press the powder in the molding mold box to form the brick blank, the upper pressure head cylinder stops working, and the upper pressing head Maintaining the pressed state;
    (4)启动托板油缸,托板油缸活塞回缩,带动托板水平移动直至完全离开成型模箱而处于脱模工位;(4) Starting the pallet cylinder, the piston of the pallet cylinder is retracted, and the pallet is moved horizontally until it completely leaves the molding die box and is in the demolding station;
    (5)通过上压头、成型模箱相配合对压制后的成型砖坯进行脱模,直至成型砖坯完全脱离成型模箱置于水平工作台上;脱模完成后,上压头上行复位;(5) demolding the pressed shaped brick by the upper pressing head and the molding die box until the forming brick is completely separated from the molding die box and placed on the horizontal working table; after the demoulding is completed, the upper pressing head is reset upward;
    (6)启动托板油缸,将托板推进活动配合在水平工作台与成型模箱之间使其处于压制工位,托板移动过程的同时将所有脱模后的成型砖坯推送至接砖机上,接砖机输出成型砖坯,完成一个工作过程;重复上述步骤,直至停机。(6) Start the pallet cylinder, and match the pallet propulsion activity between the horizontal workbench and the molding die box to make it in the pressing station. When the pallet moves, all the demoulded bricks are pushed to the bricklayer. The brick-connecting machine outputs the formed brick blank to complete a working process; repeat the above steps until the machine stops.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述成型模箱固定在机架立柱上,所述水平工作平台与成型模箱之间具有可供单块成型砖坯自由通过的间距;成型模箱所述步骤(5)中的脱模过程包括:再次启动上压头油缸,带动上压头下行将成型砖坯推出成型模箱,成型砖坯完全脱离成型模箱置于水平工作台上。The method according to claim 1, wherein the molding die box is fixed on the frame column, and the horizontal working platform and the molding die box have a space for the single piece forming brick to pass freely; the molding die The demolding process in the step (5) of the box comprises: restarting the upper indenter cylinder, driving the upper indenter to push the formed brick blank out of the forming mold box, and the forming brick blank is completely separated from the forming mold box and placed on the horizontal working table.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述成型模箱滑动配合在水平工作台上方的机架立柱上,所述机架上装设有与成型模箱相连接的升降油缸,升降油缸可带动成型模箱沿立柱上下移动;压制工位的成型模箱与水平工作台之间的间距小于成型砖坯的高度;所述步骤(5)中的脱模过程包括:启动升降油缸,带动成型模箱上行,上压头同时下降使成型砖坯完全脱离成型模箱并置于水平工作台上,此时处于脱模工位的成型模箱与水平工作平台之间具有可供单块成型砖坯自由通过的间距;所述步骤(6)中的托板推送到位而叠置在水平工作台而处于压制工位后,及时启动升降油缸促使成型模箱下行叠置在托板上恢复压制工位。The method according to claim 1, wherein the molding die box is slidably fitted on a frame column above the horizontal work table, and the lifting frame is connected to the molding die box, and the lifting cylinder is mounted on the frame. The molding die box can be driven to move up and down along the column; the spacing between the molding die box of the pressing station and the horizontal working table is smaller than the height of the forming brick; the demoulding process in the step (5) includes: starting the lifting cylinder and driving the forming The mold box is ascended, and the upper pressing head is simultaneously lowered to completely separate the forming brick from the molding die box and placed on the horizontal working table. At this time, the molding die box at the demolding station and the horizontal working platform have the freedom to form a single brick. The spacing of the passing; the pallet in the step (6) is pushed into the position and stacked on the horizontal working table to be in the pressing station, and the lifting cylinder is started in time to cause the forming mold box to be stacked on the pallet to resume the pressing station.
  4. 一种砌块压制成型机,包括机架、成型模箱、上压头、托板机构以及相对布设在机架两侧的布料车、接砖机,机架底端装设水平工作台,上压头设在成型模箱上方,上压头上方连接有上压头油缸,其特征在于:所述托板机构包括一个活动叠置在成型模箱下方的水平工作台上并可将成型模箱底部封闭的托板和装设在布料车下方用于水平推拉托板的往复式送板油缸,托板与送板油缸的活塞头连接。The utility model relates to a block pressing and forming machine, comprising a frame, a molding die box, an upper pressing head, a pallet mechanism and a cloth truck and a brick connecting machine which are arranged on opposite sides of the rack, and a horizontal working table is arranged at the bottom end of the rack, The pressure head is disposed above the molding die box, and the upper pressure head cylinder is connected above the upper pressing head, wherein the pallet mechanism comprises a horizontal working table stacked on the lower side of the molding die box and the molding die box is The bottom closed pallet and the reciprocating plate cylinder mounted under the cloth cart for horizontally pushing and pulling the pallet, and the pallet is connected with the piston head of the feeding cylinder.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种砌块压制成型机,其特征在于:所述成型模箱固定在水平工作台上方的机架上,所述成型模箱与水平工作台之间具有可供单块成型砖坯自由通过的间距,所述托板的厚度与成型模箱与水平工作台之间的间距相当。A block press molding machine according to claim 4, wherein said molding die box is fixed to a frame above the horizontal work table, and said molding die box and said horizontal work table have a single sheet. The distance through which the block forming bricks are free to pass, the thickness of the pallet is comparable to the spacing between the forming mold box and the horizontal work table.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的一种砌块压制成型机,其特征在于:所述成型模箱滑动配合在水平工作台上方的机架立柱上,所述机架上装设有与成型模箱相连接的升降油缸,升降油缸可带动成型模箱沿立柱上下移动。A block press molding machine according to claim 4, wherein the molding die box is slidably fitted to a frame column above the horizontal work table, and the frame is mounted with a molding die box. The lifting cylinder, the lifting cylinder can drive the molding die box to move up and down along the column.
PCT/CN2011/072969 2010-09-27 2011-04-19 Compression molding apparatus for bricks and method using the same WO2012041058A1 (en)

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