US1242139A - Means for fastening sacks. - Google Patents

Means for fastening sacks. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1242139A
US1242139A US4640315A US4640315A US1242139A US 1242139 A US1242139 A US 1242139A US 4640315 A US4640315 A US 4640315A US 4640315 A US4640315 A US 4640315A US 1242139 A US1242139 A US 1242139A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sack
sacks
opening
fastener
means
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Expired - Lifetime
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US4640315A
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Robert L Callahan
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Robert L Callahan
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Priority to US4640315A priority Critical patent/US1242139A/en
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Publication of US1242139A publication Critical patent/US1242139A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D33/00Details of, or accessories for, sacks or bags
    • B65D33/16End- or aperture-closing arrangements or devices
    • B65D33/1616Elements constricting the neck of the bag
    • B65D33/1625Small plates or the like made of one piece and presenting slits or a central aperture to jam the neck of the bag
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/15Bag fasteners
    • Y10T24/155Resilient slot bag tie

Description

' R. L. CALLAHAN.

MEANS FOR FASTENING SACKS.

APPLICATION FILED AUG-20 1915.

1,242,139.; Pa'tnted Oct. 9,1917.

. f 'zy 6 7 v I myflesses I Robe/"f A Ca //0ha/7 unrran salaries reruns onrron ROBERT L. CALLAHAN, OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY.-

Specification of Letters Patent. 7

i MEANSTOR FASTENING sAcKs. y Y 1 ratent a oet. a, 191v.

Application filed. August 20,1915. $eri .a111'o.46 ,403.

To all whom it may concern: 7 I

Be it known that 1, ROBERT L. CAL AHAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Louisville, in the county of Jefferson and State of'Kentucky, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Means for Fastening sacks ofwhich the followingjis a specification. 1

My invention relates to means for fastening sacks after the same have been filled with grain, flour or other substances. It is the object of my invention to provide fasener mechanism which mayeasily be applied to the open corners of sacks which have previously been sewed across the top so as to leave only comparatively smallopenlngs at the corners. My invention provides means for quickly and securely closing these openings, and at the same time forming ears for the handling of the sack, by merely slipping said means down: over the corner which is gathered together adjacent said opening. Various types of devices may be employed for this, purpose but comprise primarilya ringwith an opening in the 'center said opening being so formed or having ts edges so formed as to adapt thering to be slid in one direction along the gathered sack corner and to restrain movement of the ring in the opposite direction and also to hold the ring in its inward position on the gath ered sack corner where said corner is clamped together by the ring so as to effectively close the opening.

The full objects and advantages of my invention will appear in connection with the detailed description thereof and are particularly pointed out in the claims.

In the drawings, illustrating the application of my invention in one form,

Figure 1 is an elevational view of a sack being filled. Fig. 2 is an elevational view of a filled and sealed sack. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the stock out of which my fastener is made. Fig. 4 is a plan view of a finished fastener drawn to full scale. Fig. 5 is an elevational sectional view of the fastener shown in Fig. 4, and Fig. 6 is a full size detail of a corner of a sack sealed with my novel fastener. Fig. 7 is an elevational view of a slight modification of the fastener shown in Figs. 4 and 5. Fig. 8 is a perspec- .tive view of another modification of the same, and Figs. 9 and 10 are plan and elevational views, respectively, of a third modifi;

.91 the ame The sacks 10 may be of any desired size or shape and constructed of any fabric material commonly used for sacks, such as jute, burlap or cotton bagging. Such sacks formed in the ordinary manner are partially v closed across the top, asv indicated at 14:.

leaving openings 15 at each side of the closed 4 portion; or in the upper corners 16 of the sacks, which openings are adapted to receive filling spouts 17 through which the grain, flour, lime, cement, salt, sugar. or other material which it is desired to inclose within the sacks may be introduced. The filling of the sacks 10 may beaccomplished in any well-known manner or by means of a special process andapparatus devised by me and for whi'ch protection will be sought in another application.

After the same has been filled with the requisite quantity of material the .corners of the sack are gathered together so as to form ears and such gatheredcorners arcinserted through a circular fastener member 18, a preferred form of which is shown in Figs. 3 to 7, 1nclus1ve. Such a fastener member is primarily formed of a circular disk of metal having transverse slits 19 cut in the same, as indicated in Fig. 3, the intervening material being pressed up to form inwardly-projecting pointed tongues 20 surrounding a central opening 23. A flat portion 21 of the disk may be provided with a flange 22 to increasethe strength of the same and the fastener may be cut, as shown in Fig. 7, so as to form small pointed tongues 24 at the base'of the longer tongues 20. Other forms of fastener devices of a generally similar nature may be employed, such as those shown in Fig. 8 and Figs. 9

I and 10. L In each casethere would be provided a closed ring with a central opening provided with some form of sack engaging member. As in Fig. 8, a disk of metal is formed with an elongated pointed opening 26, having preferably toothed walls 27 and 28, the acute angles of the ends of the opening 26 providing means for holding the fabric of the sack by wedging the same therein while the teeth will hold the sack by engagement within the body of the fabric. In Figs. 9 and 10 is shown a fast ener made of twisted wire comprising a ring 30 formed of the untwisted portions of the wire and prongs 31 formed from loops of said wire set up from the ring and out across. The jagged. free ends fill rv ire 1 5 of the sacks will be gathered together to formears 32. and the fastener. member 18 is slipped over the gathered ear and pressed with the hand tightly down upon the body of grain at the base of the ear.

This results in compacting the ear so as to completely close the opening into the sack and the fastener remains in position because of theengagement with the fabric" ofthe ears of theprongs and angles formed around the opening in the fastener.

.Thead'vantages of'my invention will be apparent. No'seWing ortying of the sack after filling; is required. The double opening on' each side of the sack permits ready filling; and" the application of the fasteners to. the ears inthe manner described-not only closes these openings'but also provides the ears'for'handling the sacks. It Will further be apparent that the fasteners may be applied'witlnthe utmost ease and despatch, and may'readily be'remove'diby turning back the prongs or edges with a knife or bar, or by cutting'the' fastener with a shear or other wire or 1netal-cutting instrument.

1 I claim:

lfA" sack mouth fast'ener comprising a body portion formed with an opening there- I I in adapted to surround a-portion of the sack gathered and close the sack mouth, and a plurality of prongs extending inwardly fr m theLmargin of said opening in close proximity to each otherand adapted to engagethe fabric of thegathered sack portion toghold the fastener in position thereon 25A sack mouth fastenen comprising a discoiolal body portion having an opening therein, and means issuing-from the Walls of said opening for holding said body in, place upon a; gatheredportion of a sack to close thej ame- 3, A sack mouth fastener formed of sheet metal? comprisingxa flat circular body portion and a plurality of prongs'pressed outward from the central portion of the disk to form a central opening for permitting the disk to be drawn over a gathered portion. of asackto close the same, said prongs holding the fastener in place thereon.

f.- A sack fastener formed ofsheet metal comprising a flat circular body portion, a

plurality of prongs formed from thecentral portion of said disk by cutting the disk on radial lines and pressing out the ears thus formed substantially at right angles to the remainder of the disk, thusgforming a central opening through which a gathered portion of a sack may be passed to closeethe same, said ears holding thef'astener in place.

gathered about'the s'ack'mou'th, and' a plurality of prongs extending from the margin of the opening inwardly, said prongs being formed with pointed" ends and fiaringedges meeting in, acute anglesat' the margin of said opening. I p

7. A sack mouth fasteneivcompi'ising a body portion h avingjan opening "therein provided with a continuous wall, and means issuing from said wfalL'for holding said" body in place upon a gathered portion of" a sack to closethe same; v V

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses, v

ROBERT L; CALLAHAN.

Wit esses:

JOHN F'. Hz ieivnn, CHEsTEIi C;.,SMI H;

Copies of this patent maybe obtained for five cents each, by a dd'ressiiig; the.""(iommissioner ofPettents;

Washington; D. C. i

US4640315A 1915-08-20 1915-08-20 Means for fastening sacks. Expired - Lifetime US1242139A (en)

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Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2460963A (en) * 1943-09-29 1949-02-08 Irvin L Young Casing closure
US2670294A (en) * 1950-02-04 1954-02-23 Frank Joseph James Method of sealing sausage casings and product thereof
US3775810A (en) * 1972-07-03 1973-12-04 Reynolds Tobacco Co R Expandable collar
US4189808A (en) * 1978-09-20 1980-02-26 Brown Theodore G Retainer and closure for a garbage can liner bag
US5404621A (en) * 1994-03-10 1995-04-11 Heinke; Richard M. Closure for plastic bags
US5626388A (en) * 1994-11-01 1997-05-06 Haltner; Holly N. Furniture cover
US6007403A (en) * 1997-11-17 1999-12-28 Urspringer; Steven E. Flexible constrictor for inflatable bodies
US20070282374A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Tissue attachment device, system, and method
US20080011910A1 (en) * 2005-08-11 2008-01-17 Pressix Technologies, Llc Trashcan assembly including bag engaging portion
US20080041878A1 (en) * 2006-08-16 2008-02-21 Rich Products Corporation Device For Use With Pastry Bags
US20080264948A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-10-30 Pressix Technologies, Llc Container assemblies with bag engaging member
US20080285895A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2008-11-20 Murgul Melvin W Bag with integrally formed closure
US20120245603A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Clip for tissue closure
US8556930B2 (en) 2006-06-28 2013-10-15 Abbott Laboratories Vessel closure device
US8579932B2 (en) 2002-02-21 2013-11-12 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8585836B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2013-11-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US8590760B2 (en) 2004-05-25 2013-11-26 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US8597325B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2013-12-03 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for providing tactile feedback while delivering a closure device
US8617184B2 (en) 2011-02-15 2013-12-31 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Vessel closure system
US8657852B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2014-02-25 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure device
US8672953B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-03-18 Abbott Laboratories Tissue closure system and methods of use
US8690910B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2014-04-08 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8728119B2 (en) 2001-06-07 2014-05-20 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical staple
US8758398B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US8758399B2 (en) 2010-08-02 2014-06-24 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Expandable bioabsorbable plug apparatus and method
US8758400B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US8758396B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US8784447B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2014-07-22 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US8808310B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2014-08-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Resettable clip applier and reset tools
US8820602B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2014-09-02 Abbott Laboratories Modular clip applier
US8821534B2 (en) 2010-12-06 2014-09-02 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier having improved hemostasis and methods of use
US8858594B2 (en) 2008-12-22 2014-10-14 Abbott Laboratories Curved closure device
US8893947B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-11-25 Abbott Laboratories Clip applier and methods of use
US8905937B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2014-12-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for locating a surface of a body lumen
US8920442B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2014-12-30 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vascular opening edge eversion methods and apparatuses
US8926656B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2015-01-06 Integated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US8926633B2 (en) 2005-06-24 2015-01-06 Abbott Laboratories Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US8932324B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2015-01-13 Abbott Vascular Inc. Redundant tissue closure methods and apparatuses
US8956388B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2015-02-17 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant
US9050068B2 (en) 2005-07-01 2015-06-09 Abbott Laboratories Clip applier and methods of use
US9089674B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2015-07-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US9089311B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2015-07-28 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vessel closure devices and methods
US9173644B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2015-11-03 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure devices, systems, and methods
US9271707B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2016-03-01 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US9282965B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2016-03-15 Abbott Laboratories Apparatus and methods for engaging tissue
US9295469B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2016-03-29 Abbott Vascular Inc. Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US9320522B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2016-04-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
US9332976B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2016-05-10 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Tissue closure device
US9398914B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2016-07-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods of use of a clip applier
US9414822B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2016-08-16 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Tissue eversion apparatus and tissue closure device and methods for use thereof
US9414820B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-08-16 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure devices, systems, and methods
US9456811B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2016-10-04 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vascular closure methods and apparatuses
US9486191B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-11-08 Abbott Vascular, Inc. Closure devices
US9579091B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2017-02-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US9943121B2 (en) * 2016-05-06 2018-04-17 Leon Sidney Gellineau Wire guidance system and method of use

Cited By (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2460963A (en) * 1943-09-29 1949-02-08 Irvin L Young Casing closure
US2670294A (en) * 1950-02-04 1954-02-23 Frank Joseph James Method of sealing sausage casings and product thereof
US3775810A (en) * 1972-07-03 1973-12-04 Reynolds Tobacco Co R Expandable collar
US4189808A (en) * 1978-09-20 1980-02-26 Brown Theodore G Retainer and closure for a garbage can liner bag
US5404621A (en) * 1994-03-10 1995-04-11 Heinke; Richard M. Closure for plastic bags
US5626388A (en) * 1994-11-01 1997-05-06 Haltner; Holly N. Furniture cover
US6007403A (en) * 1997-11-17 1999-12-28 Urspringer; Steven E. Flexible constrictor for inflatable bodies
US8956388B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2015-02-17 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant
US9050087B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2015-06-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant and methods of use
US9579091B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2017-02-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US8758396B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US8758400B2 (en) 2000-01-05 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure system and methods of use
US8784447B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2014-07-22 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US9060769B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2015-06-23 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US9402625B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2016-08-02 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US9089674B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2015-07-28 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for positioning a vascular sheath
US9320522B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2016-04-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8690910B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2014-04-08 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8597325B2 (en) 2000-12-07 2013-12-03 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for providing tactile feedback while delivering a closure device
US8728119B2 (en) 2001-06-07 2014-05-20 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical staple
US9498196B2 (en) 2002-02-21 2016-11-22 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8579932B2 (en) 2002-02-21 2013-11-12 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US9295469B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2016-03-29 Abbott Vascular Inc. Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US8585836B2 (en) 2002-12-31 2013-11-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US9398914B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2016-07-26 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods of use of a clip applier
US8926656B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2015-01-06 Integated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US9271707B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2016-03-01 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier and methods of use
US8590760B2 (en) 2004-05-25 2013-11-26 Abbott Vascular Inc. Surgical stapler
US8926633B2 (en) 2005-06-24 2015-01-06 Abbott Laboratories Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US9050068B2 (en) 2005-07-01 2015-06-09 Abbott Laboratories Clip applier and methods of use
US20080011910A1 (en) * 2005-08-11 2008-01-17 Pressix Technologies, Llc Trashcan assembly including bag engaging portion
US8061546B2 (en) 2005-08-11 2011-11-22 Edison Nation, Llc Trashcan assembly including bag engaging portion
US8920442B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2014-12-30 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vascular opening edge eversion methods and apparatuses
US9456811B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2016-10-04 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vascular closure methods and apparatuses
US8932324B2 (en) 2005-08-24 2015-01-13 Abbott Vascular Inc. Redundant tissue closure methods and apparatuses
US8808310B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2014-08-19 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Resettable clip applier and reset tools
US20070282374A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Tissue attachment device, system, and method
US8556930B2 (en) 2006-06-28 2013-10-15 Abbott Laboratories Vessel closure device
US9962144B2 (en) 2006-06-28 2018-05-08 Abbott Laboratories Vessel closure device
US20080041878A1 (en) * 2006-08-16 2008-02-21 Rich Products Corporation Device For Use With Pastry Bags
US8758398B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2014-06-24 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US20080264948A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2008-10-30 Pressix Technologies, Llc Container assemblies with bag engaging member
US20080285895A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2008-11-20 Murgul Melvin W Bag with integrally formed closure
US8893947B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-11-25 Abbott Laboratories Clip applier and methods of use
US8672953B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2014-03-18 Abbott Laboratories Tissue closure system and methods of use
US8820602B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2014-09-02 Abbott Laboratories Modular clip applier
US9282965B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2016-03-15 Abbott Laboratories Apparatus and methods for engaging tissue
US9241696B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2016-01-26 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure device
US8657852B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2014-02-25 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure device
US8858594B2 (en) 2008-12-22 2014-10-14 Abbott Laboratories Curved closure device
US9414820B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-08-16 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure devices, systems, and methods
US9089311B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2015-07-28 Abbott Vascular Inc. Vessel closure devices and methods
US9173644B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2015-11-03 Abbott Vascular Inc. Closure devices, systems, and methods
US9486191B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-11-08 Abbott Vascular, Inc. Closure devices
US8905937B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2014-12-09 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for locating a surface of a body lumen
US8758399B2 (en) 2010-08-02 2014-06-24 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Expandable bioabsorbable plug apparatus and method
US8821534B2 (en) 2010-12-06 2014-09-02 Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc. Clip applier having improved hemostasis and methods of use
US8617184B2 (en) 2011-02-15 2013-12-31 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Vessel closure system
US20120245603A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Clip for tissue closure
US9149276B2 (en) * 2011-03-21 2015-10-06 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Clip and deployment apparatus for tissue closure
US9414822B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2016-08-16 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Tissue eversion apparatus and tissue closure device and methods for use thereof
US9332976B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2016-05-10 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Tissue closure device
US9943121B2 (en) * 2016-05-06 2018-04-17 Leon Sidney Gellineau Wire guidance system and method of use

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