TWI632272B - Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams - Google Patents

Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI632272B
TWI632272B TW104102603A TW104102603A TWI632272B TW I632272 B TWI632272 B TW I632272B TW 104102603 A TW104102603 A TW 104102603A TW 104102603 A TW104102603 A TW 104102603A TW I632272 B TWI632272 B TW I632272B
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
steel
column
reinforcing
mesh
continuous
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TW104102603A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201608086A (en
Inventor
謝英俊
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謝英俊
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Priority to CN201410035766.3A priority Critical patent/CN103790231A/en
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Publication of TW201608086A publication Critical patent/TW201608086A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI632272B publication Critical patent/TWI632272B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/065Light-weight girders, e.g. with precast parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
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    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/28Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of other material
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    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/30Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts being composed of two or more materials; Composite steel and concrete constructions
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    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
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    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • E04B5/40Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element with metal form-slabs
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    • E04C3/08Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with apertured web, e.g. with a web consisting of bar-like components; Honeycomb girders
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    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
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    • E04C5/0636Three-dimensional reinforcing mats composed of reinforcing elements laying in two or more parallel planes and connected by separate reinforcing parts
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    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
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    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/847Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising an insulating foam panel
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    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8658Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms using wire netting, a lattice or the like as form leaves
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    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
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Abstract

本發明提供了一種雙向連續雙樑所構成的三維輕鋼構架,其包括樑、 檁條或桁條、柱、牆體、樓板和/或屋頂、具有抗側向力的斜撐和/或拉杆,其特徵在於,其中所述的樑為連續雙樑,所述的連續雙樑由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成,所述的連續單樑分別設置在所述柱的外緣的兩側,所述的連續單樑與所述的柱在交叉連接處保持連續不間斷;所述的樓板全部或部分可選擇為強化輕型複合樓板。本發明使得輕鋼構件生產得以簡化,生產設備投資小;採用螺栓緊鎖固定,現地安裝得以簡化,從而更加實用。 The invention provides a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam, which comprises a beam, a stringer or stringer, a column, a wall, a floor, and/or a roof, a bracing and/or tie rod having lateral force resistance, wherein the beam is a continuous double beam, and the continuous double beam is Continuous single beams of the same or different structure are combined, the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column, and the continuous single beam and the column are continuously continuous at the intersection Intermittent; all or part of the slab may be selected as a reinforced lightweight composite slab. The invention simplifies the production of the light steel component and has small investment in the production equipment; the bolting is fixed by the bolt, and the local installation is simplified, thereby being more practical.

Description

雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架 Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams
優先權聲明本發明要求2014年1月24日提交的專利號為201410035766.3、名稱為「設有結構柱與連續結構雙樑的輕鋼屋架」的優先權,該專利申請的全部內容併入本申請中。 PRIORITY CLAIM OF THE INVENTION The present application claims priority to U.S. Patent No. 201410035766.3, entitled "S. s. in.
本發明涉及輕鋼建築領域,特別是涉及用於輕鋼建築的一種雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架。 The invention relates to the field of light steel construction, in particular to a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam for light steel construction.
使用輕鋼屋架的輕鋼建築在我國已進入快速發展時期,並在工業建築中得到了廣泛的應用,輕鋼住宅已成為輕型鋼結構應用的新領域和新的增長點。目前,輕鋼建築的成本一般高於傳統的混泥土結構,但具有施工快、節能減排等競爭優勢。越來越多的建設單位已認識到輕鋼結構的優越性,逐漸成為工業建築首選的結構形式,在低層民用建築中也已得到了廣泛的應用。 Light steel buildings using light steel roof trusses have entered a period of rapid development in China and have been widely used in industrial buildings. Light steel houses have become a new field and a new growth point for light steel structure applications. At present, the cost of light steel construction is generally higher than that of traditional concrete structures, but it has competitive advantages such as fast construction, energy saving and emission reduction. More and more construction units have recognized the superiority of light steel structures and have gradually become the preferred structural form for industrial buildings, and have also been widely used in low-rise civil buildings.
使用輕鋼屋架的輕鋼建築,無論在建築設計、結構設計,還是在製作安裝技術方面,還有很大的改進之處。目前使用的輕鋼屋架結構樑、結構柱等一般採用對接方式(如固接或鉸接)進行連接。由於目前這種結構的輕鋼屋架中使用了大量的結構樑、結構柱等,這種對接方式造成結合工藝複雜,同時產生嚴重的誤差積累。本發明人於2009年08月20日提交的專利號為200920171128.9、名稱為“設有連續雙樑結構的輕鋼屋架”的實用新型專利。但該專利尚存以下不足:該專利未涉及所述樓板、屋面、強 化輕型複合樓板、抗側向力拉杆等構件,無法構成完整的三維輕鋼構構架,所述的連續雙樑未明確兩向連續雙樑的關係,同時三維構架組裝困難,個別構件以及整體構架結構力不足。另外,該專利中連續雙樑無法因應不同受力情況採用不同斷面的需求,造成材料使用浪費,所述連續雙樑無法因應不同的需求採用不同的單樑組合缺乏靈活性;所述屋架與屋架間的連接採用連續雙樑交疊結合,所述連續雙樑連接構件太長造成構架組裝時的困難,所述雙向連續雙樑交疊結合造成空間浪費,同時造成柱樑節點受力不均勻。 Light steel construction using light steel roof trusses has significant improvements in terms of architectural design, structural design, and fabrication and installation techniques. Currently used light steel roof truss structural beams, structural columns, etc. are generally connected by means of docking (such as fixed or hinged). Since a large number of structural beams, structural columns, and the like are used in the light steel roof truss of the present structure, the jointing method causes a complicated joining process and at the same time, a serious error accumulation occurs. The inventor filed on August 20, 2009, the patent number is 200920171128.9, and the utility model patent entitled "Light steel roof truss with continuous double beam structure". However, the patent still has the following deficiencies: the patent does not cover the floor, roof, and strong Lightweight composite floor slabs, anti-lateral force rods and other components cannot form a complete three-dimensional light steel structure. The continuous double beams do not define the relationship between two-way continuous double beams, and the three-dimensional frame assembly is difficult, individual components and the overall structure. Insufficient structural strength. In addition, the continuous double beam in this patent cannot meet the requirements of different sections according to different stress conditions, resulting in waste of material use. The continuous double beam can not adopt different single beam combination lacking flexibility according to different requirements; the roof truss and The connection between the trusses adopts a continuous double-beam overlapping combination, and the continuous double-beam connecting members are too long to cause difficulty in assembling the frame, and the two-way continuous double-beam overlapping combination causes space waste, and causes uneven stress on the column and beam joints. .
採用分散式構件現場組裝輕鋼(如冷彎薄壁型鋼)建築是將個別鋼架柱或鋼架斜撐固定在預埋錨定螺栓固定件上,這種鋼架結構柱及斜撐的數量大,其預埋錨定螺栓固定件的位置都需在現場測量定位,因此預埋的工序非常複雜,而且這些預埋錨定螺栓固定連接件的位置的精度不易把握,這種定位在實際施工過程中相當的費時費力。本發明人於2009年6月30日提交的專利號為ZL200920158989.3名稱為“用於輕鋼建築中的一體化定位鋼架”解決了上述問題,但尚存以下缺點:該專利所述的預埋螺栓固定連接件僅固定於一體化定位鋼架構件的底部一個點,無法維持垂直,施工中易被碰撞鬆動,同時所述預埋螺栓必須於基礎混凝土達到一定強度後始能組裝並鎖定鋼架。 The use of distributed components to assemble light steel (such as cold-formed thin-walled steel) on site is to fix individual steel frame columns or steel frame braces to the pre-embedded anchor bolts. The number of steel frame columns and braces Large, the position of the embedded anchor bolt fixing parts needs to be measured and positioned on site, so the pre-buried process is very complicated, and the accuracy of the position of these pre-embedded anchor bolt fixing joints is difficult to grasp, and the positioning is actually constructed. The process is quite time consuming and laborious. The inventor's patent number ZL200920158989.3, entitled "Integrated Positioning Steel Frame for Light Steel Construction", which was submitted on June 30, 2009, solves the above problems, but has the following disadvantages: The embedded bolt fixing connector is only fixed at one point of the bottom of the integrated positioning steel frame member, can not maintain vertical, and is easily loosened during construction. At the same time, the embedded bolt must be assembled and locked after the foundation concrete reaches a certain strength. Steel frame.
輕鋼建築領域中常用的方形鋼部件一般是採用方形鋼管,或是用兩支C型鋼對焊。封閉的方形鋼管與其它構件連接的螺栓孔,只能用鑽床或火焰切割加工,無法使用衝床衝壓加工,導致加工成本很高;封閉的方形鋼管無法使用鎖緊式高拉力螺栓與其它構件接合,從而大幅度的降低結合點的承載力。為了防銹腐,一般在完成對方形鋼管的加工後進行鍍鋅,這樣導致生成成本很高。如採用兩支鍍鋅鋼板滾壓成型的C型鋼對焊,這種加 工方式則會破壞鍍鋅鋼板的防銹層。本發明人於2010年6月30日提交的專利號為201010216616.4名稱為“設有加強部件的方形輕鋼構件”的發明專利解決了上述問題,但仍有以下不足:該專利技術方案在實際運用時,所述方形鋼管的內部空腔填充有混凝土或水泥砂漿時所述柱斷面的抗壓強度遠遠大於所述方形鋼管柱長細比所決定的所述柱的整體承壓能力,即所述混凝土或水泥砂漿未達到抗壓破壞所述加強部件並不起作用,因此所述的加強部件並不必要,而且設有加強部件的方形輕鋼構件於運輸時無法扣合,浪費運輸空間和運輸成本。 Square steel parts commonly used in the field of light steel construction are generally square steel tubes or butt welded with two C-shaped steels. The bolt holes of the closed square steel pipe connected with other components can only be processed by drilling or flame cutting, and cannot be punched by punching, which leads to high processing cost; the closed square steel pipe cannot be joined with other components by using the locking high-tension bolt. Thereby greatly reducing the bearing capacity of the joint. In order to prevent rust, galvanization is generally performed after the processing of the square steel pipe is completed, which results in high production cost. For example, C-beam butt welding with two galvanized steel sheets is formed by roll forming. The work method will destroy the rust-proof layer of the galvanized steel sheet. The invention patent of the patent no. 201010216616.4 entitled "Square Light Steel Member with Reinforcing Parts" was filed by the inventor on June 30, 2010. The above problem is solved, but the following technical deficiencies still exist: When the inner cavity of the square steel pipe is filled with concrete or cement mortar, the compressive strength of the cross section of the column is far greater than the overall pressure bearing capacity of the column determined by the slenderness ratio of the square steel pipe column, that is, The reinforcing member does not function because the concrete or cement mortar does not reach the pressure resistance, so the reinforcing member is not necessary, and the square light steel member provided with the reinforcing member cannot be buckled during transportation, which wastes transportation space. And transportation costs.
為了減輕樓版重量加強樓版防水性與防火,本發明人於2013年2月4日提交的申請號:201310044986.8名稱為“輕型複合樓板”的發明專利解決了上述問題,但是該專利的技術方案在實際使用時還有以下缺陷:該專利所述“輕型複合樓板”主要在於減少樓板厚度,減輕樓板重量,但是減少樓板厚度使得樓板在承受側向壓力時產生挫屈,從而降低了樓板在三維度完整構架結構傳遞水準力的能力。 In order to reduce the weight of the floor and to enhance the waterproofness and fire prevention of the floor, the inventor's application number entitled "Light Composite Floor" submitted by the inventor on February 4, 2013 solves the above problem, but the technical solution of the patent In actual use, there are also the following defects: the "light composite floor slab" described in the patent mainly reduces the thickness of the slab and reduces the weight of the slab, but reduces the thickness of the slab so that the slab is frustrated when subjected to lateral pressure, thereby reducing the slab at three Dimensions The ability of a complete architectural structure to deliver horizontal forces.
輕型鋼結構建築中牆體龍骨和牆體作適當的加強及結合可以達到蒙皮效應的牆體,本發明人於2009年4月14日提交的專利號為ZL 2009 2 0147815.7名稱為「一種設有蒙皮效應結構的牆體」的實用新型專利、2013年12月10日提交的專利號為201310664792.8、名稱為“具有蒙皮效應的牆體”的發明專利能夠解決上述問題,但是也存在以下弱點:在上述技術方案中,隔斷材料層造成有筋擴張網無法與龍骨做很好接合,導致單側蒙皮效應減損。 In the light steel structure, the wall keel and the wall are properly strengthened and combined to achieve the skin effect. The patent number submitted by the inventor on April 14, 2009 is ZL 2009 2 0147815.7. The invention patent of the wall with the skin effect structure, the patent number 201310664792.8 filed on December 10, 2013, and the name "wall with skin effect" can solve the above problems, but the following also exist Weakness: In the above technical solution, the partition material layer causes the reinforced mesh to be unable to be well joined with the keel, resulting in a one-sided skin effect loss.
為了達到安全與節能環保和成本節約就地取材的目的本發明人於2011年1月20日提交的專利號為ZL201110023291.2/名稱為「設有拉結式鋼網結構的牆體」的發明專利能夠解決上述問題,但是也存在以下弱點:定 位支撐構件不夠穩固無法定位鋼網和牆體,同時容易造成粉刷層順縱向定位支撐構件龜裂。 In order to achieve safety, energy saving, environmental protection and cost saving, the inventor's patent number ZL201110023291.2 submitted on January 20, 2011 is the invention of "wall with a spliced steel mesh structure". Patents can solve the above problems, but there are also the following weaknesses: The position support member is not stable enough to position the steel mesh and the wall body, and at the same time, it is easy to cause the paint layer to be longitudinally positioned to support the member crack.
有鑒於上述現有輕鋼架構存在的缺陷,本發明人基於從事此類產品設計製造多年豐富的實務經驗及專業知識,並配合學理的運用,積極加以研究創新,以期創設一種新型結構輕鋼架構,能夠改進一般現有的牆體,使其更具有實用性。經過不斷的研究、設計,並經反覆試作樣品及改進後,終於創設出確具實用價值的本發明。 In view of the shortcomings of the above-mentioned existing light steel structure, the inventor has actively researched and innovated based on the practical experience and professional knowledge of designing and manufacturing such products for many years, and with the use of academic principles, in order to create a new structure light steel structure. It is possible to improve the existing existing wall to make it more practical. After continuous research, design, and repeated trials of samples and improvements, the invention has finally been created with practical value.
本發明的主要目的在於,克服現有輕鋼建築存在的缺陷,特別是現有輕鋼建築三維構架在結構和構建時存在的生產設備投資大、牆體及內裝設備等配套的房屋體系過於龐雜、而且須要專業的施工團隊始能施作、成本一般高於傳統的磚混土結構,從而導致許多建築工業化不發達地區輕型工業化牆體建材不普及條件下不易推廣,而提出了一種新型的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,目的是為了加強輕鋼構架結構力,讓傳統濕式牆體構造例如磚石砌塊、混凝土、土等重型建築材料能夠搭配使用,鋼構件生產與現場施工工藝簡化,降低資本投入的同時讓非建築專業技術者都能參與施工。 The main object of the present invention is to overcome the defects of the existing light steel building, in particular, the existing housing system of the existing three-dimensional structure of the light steel building in the structure and construction, the investment in the production equipment, the wall and the interior equipment are too complicated. Moreover, it requires a professional construction team to start to work, and the cost is generally higher than that of the traditional brick-concrete structure, which leads to the difficulty in promoting the light industrialized wall building materials in many industrialized and underdeveloped areas, and proposes a new type of two-way continuous The three-dimensional light steel frame composed of double beams is designed to strengthen the structural strength of the light steel frame, so that traditional wet wall structures such as masonry blocks, concrete, soil and other heavy building materials can be used together, steel component production and on-site construction process Simplify and reduce capital investment while allowing non-building professionals to participate in the construction.
本發明的另一目的在於,雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,所要解決的技術問題是使其結構簡化,符合建築安全環保的標準,同時方便現場施工,更加節約材料和成本。 Another object of the present invention is to form a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam. The technical problem to be solved is to simplify the structure, meet the standards of safety and environmental protection of the building, and facilitate on-site construction, thereby saving material and cost.
本發明的目的及解決其技術問題是採用以下技術方案來實現的。 The object of the present invention and solving the technical problems thereof are achieved by the following technical solutions.
定義:「連續雙樑」的含義是指所述的連續雙樑由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成,所述的連續單樑分別設置在所述柱的外緣的兩側,所述的連續 單樑與所述的柱在交叉連接處保持連續不間斷;以及屋架與屋架間的連接也採用連續單樑與柱通過交叉結合,結合處的單樑和柱也不截斷或不間斷。而現有技術則是在樑和柱交叉結合的地方,將樑或柱截斷。 Definition: "Continuous double beam" means that the continuous double beam is composed of continuous single beams of the same or different structure, and the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column. Continuous The single beam and the column are continuously uninterrupted at the intersection; and the connection between the truss and the truss is also cross-bonded by a continuous single beam and the column, and the single beam and the column at the joint are not cut off or uninterrupted. In the prior art, the beam or column is cut off at the intersection of the beam and the column.
「嵌入式連續單樑」的含義是指形狀為L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼的上下緣於所述柱兩邊線以內處切除嵌入,所述的嵌入式單樑於腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與柱設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓連接,從而實現樑的不間斷或不截斷。 The meaning of "embedded continuous single beam" means that the upper and lower edges of the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, and the Z-shaped steel are cut and embedded within the two sides of the column, and the embedded single beam is disposed at the web. The locking connection hole is bolted to the locking connection hole provided by the column, so that the beam is uninterrupted or not cut off.
「單樑重疊續接」是指單樑選自L形型鋼、平板形型鋼、單片桁架樑時,在單樑端部重疊,在單樑和/或單片桁架樑的上弦腹板和/或下弦腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接;單樑選自C形型鋼和/或Z形型鋼時,所述重疊續接是將單樑端部的重疊翼板切除,在所述單樑腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與所述柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接。 "Single beam overlap continuation" means that when a single beam is selected from L-shaped steel, flat steel, and single-piece truss beams, it overlaps at the end of a single beam, and the upper chord web of a single beam and/or a single truss beam and / Or the locking connection hole is arranged at the lower chord web and the locking connection hole provided on each side of the column is tightly connected by bolt; when the single beam is selected from the C-shaped steel and/or the Z-shaped steel, the overlapping continuation is a single The overlapping flaps of the beam ends are cut off, and the locking connection holes are arranged at the single beam webs and the locking connection holes provided on both sides of the column are tightly connected by bolts.
「單樑連接件續接」是指在連接件設置緊鎖連接孔分別與所述單樑腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔及所述柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接,其中的連接件為L形型鋼、U形型鋼或平板形型鋼。 "Single beam connection member is continued" means that a locking connection hole is provided in the connecting member, and a locking connection hole is respectively arranged at the single beam web and a locking connection hole provided on each side of the column is connected by a bolt. The connecting member is an L-shaped steel, a U-shaped steel or a flat steel.
本發明是關於一種雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,包括樑、檁條或桁條、柱、樓板(優選全部或部分為強化輕型複合樓板)、具有抗側向力的斜撐和/或拉杆,其中所述的樑為連續雙樑,所述的連續雙樑由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成;所述的連續雙樑與柱於柱外緣兩側各置一連續單樑;所述的連續單樑與柱於節點處保持連續不間斷。 The present invention relates to a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam, comprising beams, beams or beams, columns, slabs (preferably all or part of a reinforced lightweight composite slab), bracings with lateral forces and/or A tie rod, wherein the beam is a continuous double beam, and the continuous double beam is composed of a continuous single beam of the same or different structure; the continuous double beam and the column are successively arranged on both sides of the outer edge of the column Single beam; the continuous single beam and the column remain continuous at the node without interruption.
本發明進一步設有加強結構。使得雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架的個別構件以及三維整體結構得以加強,所述構件生產與現場安裝得以簡化;所述構件可以平行組裝,有利於所述構件更換與彈性調動;所述 的連續單樑進一步採用單樑續接,解決全部為連續樑時的組裝難題;所述型鋼構件優選為採用鍍鋅鋼卷裁切和/或冷灣滾壓成型,所述構件可一次性滾壓成型,有利於自動化生產以及所述構件生產與現場安裝不須焊接,無任何破壞鍍鋅層的焊縫,可解決銹蝕問題;所述構件現場組裝採用螺栓緊鎖固定,非建築專業人員使用簡單工具即可安裝;所述連續雙樑與柱於柱外緣兩側各置一連續單樑的構法消除了安裝過程中的誤差積累;所述個別構件設有加強結構可以消除安裝間隙所產生的不穩定性,進而降低建築成本使其更加適於實用。 The invention is further provided with a reinforcing structure. The individual components and the three-dimensional integral structure of the three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the two-way continuous double beam are strengthened, and the component production and on-site installation are simplified; the components can be assembled in parallel to facilitate the component replacement and elastic transfer; The continuous single beam further adopts a single beam continuous connection to solve the assembly problem when all are continuous beams; the steel member is preferably galvanized steel coil cutting and/or cold bay rolling forming, and the member can be rolled once. Compression molding, which is conducive to automated production and the production and on-site installation of the components without welding, without any welds that damage the galvanized layer, can solve the rust problem; the on-site assembly of the components is fixed by bolts, used by non-construction professionals The simple tool can be installed; the continuous double beam and the column are arranged with a continuous single beam on both sides of the outer edge of the column to eliminate the accumulation of errors during the installation process; the individual members are provided with a reinforcing structure to eliminate the installation gap The instability, which in turn reduces construction costs, makes it more practical.
在本發明的一實施例中,本發明提出的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架設置了樓板和/或屋面(屋頂)、樓板部分或全部採用強化輕型複合樓板,以及可選的設置具有抗側向力的拉杆,使得三維整構架結構得以完善。在本發明的一實施例中,雙向連續雙樑為平面交叉的兩向度連續雙樑,其中的雙向(即兩向度)的含義是指一個方向或向度的連續雙樑與另一個方向或向度的連續雙樑在和柱連接的節點處,兩個向度的連續雙樑上下交疊或穿插,形成抗彎矩、抗拉力或抗壓力的機構。 In an embodiment of the invention, the three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of the present invention is provided with a slab and/or a roof (roof), a part of the slab or all of the reinforced lightweight composite slab, and an optional setting has The lateral force-resistant tie rods complete the three-dimensional frame structure. In an embodiment of the invention, the bidirectional continuous double beam is a plane-crossing two-dimensional continuous double beam, wherein the meaning of two-way (ie, two-direction) refers to one direction or a dimension of continuous double beam and the other direction. Or the continuous double beam of the dimension is at the node connected to the column, and the two continuous double beams are overlapped or interspersed to form a mechanism against bending moment, tensile force or pressure resistance.
在本發明的一實施例中,連續雙樑由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成,有利於實用。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous double beam is composed of a continuous single beam of the same or different structure, which is advantageous for practical use.
在一般輕鋼建築中,輕型鋼構配置大量所述小柱,樑柱接續困難。 本發明提出的連續雙樑與柱於柱外緣兩側各置一連續單樑,所述連續單樑與柱於節點處保持連續不間斷;可減少樑續接誤差積累,簡化柱樑交接節點工藝。 In the general light steel construction, the light steel structure is configured with a large number of the small columns, and the beam and column are difficult to connect. The continuous double beam and the column proposed by the invention are respectively provided with a continuous single beam on both sides of the outer edge of the column, and the continuous single beam and the column are continuously continuous at the node; the error accumulation of the beam continuous connection can be reduced, and the connection node of the beam and beam can be simplified Process.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的柱包括結構主柱、小柱、砌塊和/或填充牆體中垂直配置的補強柱、以及設於桁架樑中的柱;其中的結構主柱夾於雙向連續雙樑中間,小柱、砌塊和/或填充牆體中垂直配置的補強柱 夾於所述連續雙樑中間;優選的,柱在一個方向的寬度相同,柱與牆體加強結構結合形成強固抗側向力構架。 In an embodiment of the invention, the column includes a structural main column, a small column, a reinforcing column vertically arranged in the block and/or the infill wall, and a column disposed in the truss beam; wherein the structure main column clamp In the middle of a bidirectional continuous double beam, a vertical column of reinforcing columns in a small column, block and/or infill wall Sandwiched between the continuous double beams; preferably, the columns have the same width in one direction, and the columns are combined with the wall reinforcing structure to form a strong anti-lateral force frame.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的樑包括水準樑/或斜樑、桁架樑上弦樑和/或桁架樑下弦樑、和/或地樑;所述的地樑使得柱的定位更加容易,構架與基礎連接工序得以簡化。在一優選的實施例中,其中的樑優選為雙樑採用相同的單樑組合而成,所述的單樑採用單片桁架樑,該單片桁架樑包括上弦樑、下弦樑、具有抗剪力的斜撐,上弦樑及下弦樑採用L形型鋼,具有抗剪力的斜撐採用L形型鋼或平板形型鋼或圓形型鋼組成。該實施例中的地樑進一步可取代地圈樑降低造價成本。 In an embodiment of the invention, the beam comprises a level beam and/or a diagonal beam, a truss beam upper chord and/or a truss beam lower chord, and/or a ground beam; the ground beam makes the positioning of the column easier, The framework and basic joining process is simplified. In a preferred embodiment, the beam is preferably a double beam formed by combining the same single beam, the single beam adopting a single piece truss beam, the single piece truss beam including the upper chord, the lower chord, and the shear resistance The diagonal bracing of the force, the upper and lower chords are L-shaped steel, and the shearing support is made of L-shaped steel or flat steel or round steel. The ground beam in this embodiment can further replace the ring beam to reduce the cost of construction.
在本發明另一實施例中,連續雙樑由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成;該連續單樑由選自L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼、平板形型鋼、單片桁架樑中的一種或多種構成;其中的檁條或桁條為C形型鋼、Z形型鋼和/或單片桁架樑的一種或多種構成;該單片桁架樑包括上弦樑、下弦樑、具有抗剪力的斜撐,所述上弦樑和/或下弦樑採用L形型鋼;所述的柱採用C形型鋼、開口方形型鋼、彎折方形型鋼、方形型鋼一種或多種構成,所述開口方形型鋼進一步於開口方形型鋼之間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿。上述方案中,不同結構的連續單樑、柱、桁架樑可以根據實際需要進行選擇和組合。 In another embodiment of the present invention, the continuous double beam is composed of a continuous single beam of the same or different structure; the continuous single beam is selected from the group consisting of an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, a Z-shaped steel, a flat steel, and a single One or more of the truss beams; wherein the rafters or beams are one or more of a C-shaped steel, a Z-shaped steel, and/or a single-piece truss beam; the single-piece truss beam includes an upper chord, a lower chord, and a shear-resistant diagonal brace, wherein the upper and/or lower chords are L-shaped steel; the column is formed of one or more of a C-shaped steel, an open square steel, a bent square steel, and a square steel, the open square The section steel is further filled with concrete or cement mortar between the open square sections. In the above solution, continuous single beams, columns and truss beams of different structures can be selected and combined according to actual needs.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的連續單樑採用單片桁架樑,所述單片桁架樑包括上弦樑、下弦樑、桁架樑立柱、具有抗剪力的斜撐,所述上弦樑和/或下弦樑採用L形型鋼,所述桁架樑立柱和/或具有抗剪力的斜撐選自L形型鋼、平板形型鋼和/或圓形型鋼構成,所述單片桁架樑可以增加所述連續單樑的斷面模數和/或,從而增強結構力,節省材料用量,所述的 單片桁架樑能使不同向度的雙樑之間穿插交叉,節省空間同時讓柱樑節點受力均勻。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam adopts a single-piece truss beam, and the single-piece truss beam includes an upper chord, a lower chord, a truss girder, and a shear strut having shear resistance, and the upper chord and / or the lower chord is made of L-shaped steel, the truss girder and / or the anti-shear bracing is selected from the group consisting of L-shaped steel, flat steel and / or circular steel, the single truss beam can be added The section modulus and/or of the continuous single beam, thereby enhancing the structural force and saving the amount of material, said The single-piece truss beam can intersperse between the double beams of different dimensions, saving space and evenly stressing the column beam joints.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的開口方形型鋼進一步於開口方形型鋼之間灌注混凝土和/或水泥砂漿。該實施例不需要設置加強部件,同時便於運輸,節省運輸空間。 In an embodiment of the invention, the open square steel further injects concrete and/or cement mortar between the open square sections. This embodiment does not require the provision of reinforcing members, while facilitating transportation and saving transportation space.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的彎折方形型鋼採用鋼板冷彎滾壓成方形,鋼板兩端於方形轉角扣合處作90度卷邊,並於所述兩端卷邊各自採用拉釘間隔適當的距離拉合。這樣有利於採用鋼卷冷灣滾壓成型加工,以及方形型鋼柱四個面皆可設置螺栓緊鎖連接孔方便與雙樑緊鎖連接,所述於方形轉角扣合處作90度卷邊可加強薄鋼板端部的穩定性,所述於所述兩端卷邊各自採用拉釘間隔適當的距離拉合可維持所述柱扣合處不張開。 In an embodiment of the invention, the bent square steel is rolled into a square shape by cold bending of the steel plate, and the two ends of the steel plate are crimped at a 90-degree angle at a square corner joint, and each of the two ends is rolled. The staples are pulled at an appropriate distance. This is beneficial to the use of steel coil cold bay rolling forming processing, and the square steel column can be provided with bolt locking connection holes on all four sides to facilitate the connection with the double beam, which is 90 degree crimping at the square corner buckle. The stability of the end portion of the steel sheet is strengthened, and the two ends of the curling are respectively pulled by a suitable distance between the two ends to maintain the joint of the column without opening.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的連續單樑於所述樑腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與所述柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接。這樣簡化了樑和柱的緊鎖連接方式,簡化加工工藝/及簡化現場組裝技術。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is provided with a locking connection hole at the beam web and a locking connection hole provided on each side of the column to be tightly connected by a bolt. This simplifies the tight connection of the beam and column, simplifies the machining process and simplifies field assembly techniques.
在本發明的一實施例中,上述採用的L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼、開口方形型鋼進一步設有卷邊。這樣可增加薄鋼板端部的穩定性。優選的,其中的C形型鋼、Z形型鋼的上下緣翼板的寬度不同,因此,其下緣嵌入可配合柱的寬度當作範本用,在灌漿時無接縫,而其上緣根據需要加寬,從而提高了抗拉力,從而更加具有實用性。 In an embodiment of the invention, the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, and the open square steel are further provided with a bead. This increases the stability of the end of the steel sheet. Preferably, the widths of the upper and lower edge flaps of the C-shaped steel and the Z-shaped steel are different. Therefore, the width of the lower edge embedded in the fitable column is used as a template, and there is no seam at the time of grouting, and the upper edge thereof is required according to the need. Widening, which increases the tensile strength and thus is more practical.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中上述實施例中的L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼、開口方形、彎折方形型鋼、平板形型鋼優選為採用鍍鋅鋼卷裁切和/或冷灣滾壓成型。該鍍鋅鋼卷依據設計尺寸裁切和/或冷灣滾壓成型,加工工序簡單,同時無下腳料,節省人工成本及材料成本,有利於自動化生 產。而且,在裁切/冷灣滾壓成型加工過程中,不傷害鍍鋅層,不需做二次鍍鋅加工,節省經費。 In an embodiment of the present invention, the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, the open square, the bent square steel, and the flat steel in the above embodiment are preferably cut and/or galvanized steel coils. Cold Bay is rolled and formed. The galvanized steel coil is cut according to the design size and/or cold-rolled, and the processing procedure is simple, and there is no scrap, saving labor cost and material cost, and is beneficial to the automation. Production. Moreover, in the cutting/cold bay rolling forming process, the galvanized layer is not damaged, and no secondary galvanizing process is required, which saves money.
在本發明的實施例中,其中的連續單樑採用單樑續接。這樣有利於三維構架組裝,以及連續單樑過長構件的組裝。同時能滿足連續單樑在不同受力情況及不同功能需求情況下採用不同斷面的需求。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is continuous with a single beam. This facilitates the assembly of the three-dimensional framework as well as the assembly of the continuous single beam overlength members. At the same time, it can meet the requirements of different sections for continuous single beams under different stress conditions and different functional requirements.
在本發明的實施例中,其中的連續單樑採用單樑重疊續接。其中該連續單樑選自L形型鋼、平板形型鋼和/或單片桁架樑時,單樑重疊續接意指單樑重疊端部,在所述單樑和/或單片桁架樑的上弦腹板或下弦樑腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與所述柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接;其中所述的單樑選自C形型鋼和/或Z形型鋼時,其中的重疊續接是將單樑重疊端部的重疊翼板切除,在所述單樑的腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與所述柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is overlapped by a single beam. Where the continuous single beam is selected from the group consisting of an L-shaped steel, a flat steel and/or a single-piece truss beam, the single beam overlap continues to mean the overlapping end of the single beam, the winding of the single beam and/or the single truss beam A locking connection hole is arranged at a web of the web or the lower chord, and a locking connection hole provided at each side of the column is tightly connected by a bolt; wherein the single beam is selected from a C-shaped steel and/or a Z-shaped steel The overlapping continuation is to cut off the overlapping flaps of the overlapping ends of the single beams, and the locking connecting holes are arranged at the webs of the single beams and the locking connecting holes provided on both sides of the column are bolted connection.
在本發明的實施例中,其中的連續單樑採用連接件續接。其中的連接件續接是指在連接件設置緊鎖連接孔,其分別與所述單樑的腹板處設置的緊鎖連接孔和/或柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接;所述連接件優選為U形型鋼、平板形型鋼。該方法可保持連續雙樑的結構特點。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is continuous with a connector. Wherein, the connecting member is connected to the connecting member, and the locking connecting hole is respectively provided with the locking connecting hole provided at the web of the single beam and/or the locking connecting hole provided on both sides of the column to be tightly bolted. The lock is connected; the connecting member is preferably a U-shaped steel or a flat steel. This method maintains the structural characteristics of the continuous double beam.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中部分或全部使用的強化輕型複合樓板包括輕型複合樓板、檁條或桁條、具有抗側向力的拉杆(優選為水準向具有抗側向力的拉杆)、和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板以連接件結合成為一體。其中的輕型複合樓板設於檁條或桁條上方、水準向具有抗側向力的拉杆和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板設於檁條或桁條下方;該輕型複合樓板與檁條或桁條有很好的連接,使得輕型複合樓板抗挫屈能力加強,所述檁條或桁條上方也得到良好的側向約束,從而提高其抗挫屈能力,所述檁條或桁條下方設置具有抗側向力的拉杆和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板,並與所述檁條或 桁條具有連接,使得所述檁條或桁條下方得到良好的側向約束,從而提高其抗挫屈能力。同時,使所述鋼網水泥砂漿天花板抗挫屈能力加強,進而使得所述三維完整構架傳遞水準力的能力得以提高。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforced lightweight composite floor slab partially or wholly comprises a lightweight composite floor slab, a stringer or a stringer, and a tie rod having a lateral force (preferably a leveling tie rod having an anti-lateral force), And/or stencil cement mortar ceilings are joined together by connectors. The light composite floor slab is placed above the purlin or purlin, and the horizontal pull rod and/or stencil cement mortar ceiling is placed under the purlin or purlin; the light composite slab has a good raft or purlin. The connection makes the light composite floor slab's anti-frustening ability, and the top of the purlin or the rafter also has good lateral restraint, thereby improving its anti-frustration ability, and the rafter or purlin is provided with anti-lateral force. Tie rod and / or stencil cement mortar ceiling, and with the purlin or The stringers have connections that provide good lateral restraint underneath the stringers or stringers, thereby increasing their resistance to frustration. At the same time, the anti-frustration ability of the stencil cement mortar ceiling is enhanced, thereby further improving the ability of the three-dimensional complete frame to transmit the leveling force.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中,輕型複合樓板優選的厚度約為壓型鋼板波浪頂部的高度50毫米以內。依據規範以及一般習慣,灌注混凝土和/或水泥砂漿厚度必須在壓型鋼板波浪頂部50毫米以上,而且需要設置鋼筋或點焊鋼筋網。而本方案中的輕型複合樓板主要承載力來自於壓型鋼板,所述灌注混凝土和/或水泥砂漿主要是提供波浪形或折疊形壓型鋼板溝槽上緣及下緣鋼板的側向約束力,進而提高其承載力,所以不需在所述混凝土和/或水泥砂漿內設置鋼筋或點焊鋼筋網,而僅僅需要設置防裂網或防裂纖維。 In an embodiment of the invention, the preferred thickness of the lightweight composite floor is about 50 mm above the height of the wave top of the profiled steel sheet. According to the norms and general habits, the thickness of the concrete and/or cement mortar must be more than 50 mm above the wave top of the profiled steel plate, and a steel bar or spot welded steel mesh is required. The main bearing capacity of the lightweight composite floor in the present scheme comes from the profiled steel plate, and the poured concrete and/or cement mortar mainly provides the lateral binding force of the upper edge of the groove of the corrugated or folded profiled steel plate and the lower edge of the steel plate. Moreover, the bearing capacity is increased, so that it is not necessary to provide reinforcing steel or spot welded steel mesh in the concrete and/or cement mortar, and only the anti-cracking net or the crack-proof fiber is required.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的連接件為加套管自攻螺絲,所述套管與自攻螺絲緊密貼合,所述套管一端或兩端擴張形成承壓墊片,所述自攻螺絲鎖定所述壓型鋼板連接所述的檁條時,形成有效的剪力釘。 In an embodiment of the invention, the connecting member is a sleeved self-tapping screw, the sleeve is closely attached to the self-tapping screw, and one end or both ends of the sleeve is expanded to form a pressure bearing gasket, When the self-tapping screw locks the profiled steel plate to connect the stringer, an effective shear pin is formed.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的壓型鋼板通過連接件與其中的檁條結合,其中的連接件包括自攻螺絲、套管和/或承壓墊片,所述套管與自攻螺絲緊密貼合,所述套管進一步採用端部擴張套管,所述端部擴張套管一端或兩端擴張形成承壓墊片。 In an embodiment of the invention, the profiled steel sheet is joined to the stringer therein by a connecting member, wherein the connecting member comprises a tapping screw, a sleeve and/or a pressure bearing gasket, the sleeve and the self-tapping screw In close fitting, the sleeve further employs an end expansion sleeve, and the end expansion sleeve is expanded at one or both ends to form a pressure bearing gasket.
在優選實施例中,其中的檁條或桁條的間隔小於180釐米,降低了所述輕型複合樓板的厚度,進而減輕所述樓板重樑。 In a preferred embodiment, wherein the spacing of the stringers or stringers is less than 180 centimeters, the thickness of the lightweight composite floor slab is reduced, thereby mitigating the floor slabs.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的具有抗側向力的拉杆,拉緊樓板單一對角和/或雙對角,可依結構設計須要靈活配置。所述具有抗側向力的拉杆優選為帶鋼,所述帶鋼以連接件與所述的檁條或桁條結合,所述連接 件為自攻螺絲;所述帶鋼可以貼緊所述檁條或桁條方便裝修同時方便採用所述自攻螺絲與所述的檁條或桁條結合。 In an embodiment of the invention, the tie rods having the lateral force resistance have a single diagonal and/or double diagonal angles, and the structure design needs to be flexibly configured. The tie rod with anti-lateral force is preferably a strip steel, the strip being combined with the stringer or stringer by the connecting piece, the connection The piece is a self-tapping screw; the strip can be attached to the stringer or the purlin to facilitate the decoration, and the self-tapping screw is conveniently combined with the purlin or the purlin.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的鋼網水泥砂漿天花板中的鋼網優選為有筋擴張網,該有筋擴張網具有有筋擴張網網骨與擴張網面,所述有筋擴張網以連接件與檁條或桁條結合,所述連接件為自攻螺絲/或氣鋼釘,所述水泥砂漿內置防裂網或防裂纖維;所述鋼網水泥砂漿天花板形成強固的蒙皮效應薄板,提供所述檁條及所述強化輕型複合樓板整體的防火效能。 In an embodiment of the invention, the steel mesh in the stencil cement mortar ceiling is preferably a reinforced mesh having a reinforced mesh reticle and an expanded mesh surface, the reinforced mesh The connector is combined with a stringer or a stringer, the connector is a self-tapping screw/or a steel nail, the cement mortar is provided with a crack-proof net or a crack-proof fiber; the steel mesh cement mortar ceiling forms a strong skin effect The thin plate provides the overall fireproof performance of the purlin and the reinforced lightweight composite slab.
在本發明的一實施例中,為了克服現有技術中「設有連續雙樑結構的輕鋼屋架」有些構件以及整體構架結構力不足的缺陷,在本發明的一實施例中,雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架根據其具體構件的不同,例如,樑、檁條或桁條、柱、牆體、樓板和/或屋頂、具有抗側向力的斜撐和/或拉杆等,進一步對具體的構件設置一種或多種加強結構,從而提高具體構件以及整體構架的結構力。 In an embodiment of the present invention, in order to overcome the defects of the prior art "light steel roof truss with continuous double beam structure" and insufficient structural strength of the overall frame structure, in one embodiment of the present invention, the bidirectional continuous double beam The three-dimensional light steel frame is constructed according to different concrete components, for example, beams, beams or beams, columns, walls, floors and/or roofs, bracings with lateral forces and/or tie rods, etc. The components are provided with one or more reinforcing structures to increase the structural forces of the specific components as well as the overall frame.
在現有輕鋼屋架中,連續雙樑凸出於柱外側,牆體一側如與柱一面平齊時,樑凸出牆體,裝修不易,凸出外牆容易造成漏水;採用幹式構法時,連續雙樑間的空腔,形成火煙通路不利防火。為了克服該缺陷,在本發明一實施例中採用了嵌入式連續單樑,該嵌入式連續單樑為L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼的上下緣於所述柱兩邊線以內處切除嵌入;牆體一側如與柱一面平齊時,樑不凸出牆體,裝修容易,不會造成漏水。採用幹式構法時,連續雙樑間的空腔被隔斷,形成火煙阻隔利於防火。 In the existing light steel roof truss, the continuous double beam protrudes from the outside of the column, and when the side of the wall is flush with the side of the column, the beam protrudes from the wall, and the decoration is not easy, and the protruding outer wall is liable to cause water leakage; when the dry construction method is adopted, The cavity between the continuous double beams forms a fire smoke path and is not suitable for fire prevention. In order to overcome this drawback, in an embodiment of the present invention, an embedded continuous single beam is adopted, and the embedded continuous single beam is an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, and a Z-shaped steel whose upper and lower edges are cut off within the two sides of the column. Embedding; when one side of the wall is flush with one side of the column, the beam does not protrude from the wall, and the decoration is easy and does not cause water leakage. When the dry construction method is adopted, the cavity between the continuous double beams is blocked, and the fire smoke barrier is formed to facilitate fire prevention.
在一優選的實施例中,其中的加強結構是在桁架樑的桁架樑下弦樑進一步採用開口方形型鋼,該開口方形型鋼開口向上(即朝向和其連接的其它部件),切除與設於桁架樑中的柱及桁架樑斜撐交疊處的鋼板,該 開口方形型鋼兩側鋼板設置緊鎖連接孔,與所述桁架樑中的柱及桁架樑斜撐設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓連接。該方案有利於向開口方形型鋼的空腔間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿。 In a preferred embodiment, the reinforcing structure is such that the chord beam of the truss beam further adopts an open square steel, the open square steel opening is upward (ie, facing other components connected thereto), and is cut and placed on the truss beam. Steel plate at the intersection of the column and truss girder, The steel plate on both sides of the open square steel is provided with a locking connection hole, and is bolted to the locking connection hole provided by the column and the truss beam struts in the truss beam. This solution facilitates the pouring of concrete or cement mortar between the cavities of the open square steel.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是可選擇的在組成雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架的樑和柱中心線交叉點設置定位孔,所述定物孔為樑或柱中心線設置的圓孔,所述圓孔以樑或柱中心線交叉點為中心設置;該定位孔於現場組裝時以螺栓緊鎖作假固定和/或以鋼棒插入定位。 由於所有構件皆於所述緊鎖連接孔以螺栓連接,緊鎖連接孔與螺栓間有施工間隙,所述間隙積累造成末端構件組裝偏差,所述定位孔有利於消減間隙積累,使現場組裝能快速精確定位。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is an optional positioning hole provided at the intersection of the beam and the column center line of the three-dimensional light steel frame composed of the bidirectional continuous double beam, and the fixed hole is the beam or the column center line. A circular hole is provided, which is centered on the intersection of the beam or the center line of the column; the positioning hole is fixed by bolt locking and/or inserted by a steel rod when assembled on site. Since all the components are bolted to the locking connection hole, there is a construction gap between the locking connection hole and the bolt, and the gap accumulation causes the assembly deviation of the end member, and the positioning hole is beneficial for reducing the gap accumulation and enabling the field assembly. Quick and precise positioning.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是在雙樑之間、和/或在所述的柱的空腔之間、和/或在桁架樑下弦樑的開口方形型鋼的空腔間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿。該加強部件可以增強輕鋼構件強度與穩定性,分散螺栓對緊鎖連接孔週邊鋼板的荷載,消除緊鎖連接孔與螺栓間施工間隙所產生的結構不穩定性。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord of the truss beam Fill concrete or cement mortar. The reinforcing member can enhance the strength and stability of the light steel component, disperse the load of the bolt on the steel plate around the locking connection hole, and eliminate the structural instability caused by the construction gap between the locking connection hole and the bolt.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是在構架校正後在螺栓緊鎖件週邊以自攻螺絲鎖定作假固定,該自攻螺絲可於雙樑之間、和/或在所述的柱的空腔之間、和/或在所述的桁架樑下弦樑的開口方形型鋼的空腔間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿後移除。由於所有構件皆於緊鎖連接孔以螺栓連接,緊鎖連接孔與螺栓間有施工間隙無法穩定。由於自攻螺絲鎖定無間隙,校正後以自攻螺絲鎖定確保不位移,其中的混凝土和/或水泥砂漿灌注固結後緊鎖連接孔與螺栓間無施工間隙,構架穩定。可選的,自攻螺絲可移除。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is fixed by a self-tapping screw locking around the bolt locking member after the frame is corrected, the self-tapping screw being between the double beams, and/or in the The concrete or cement mortar is removed between the cavities of the columns and/or between the cavities of the open square sections of the lower chord of the truss girder. Since all the components are bolted at the locking connection holes, the construction gap between the locking connection holes and the bolts cannot be stabilized. Since the self-tapping screws are locked without gaps, the self-tapping screws are locked after the correction to ensure no displacement. After the concrete and/or cement mortar is poured and consolidated, there is no construction gap between the locking connecting holes and the bolts, and the frame is stable. Optional, self-tapping screws can be removed.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是在雙樑之間、和/或在柱的空腔之間、和/或在桁架樑下弦樑的開口方形型鋼的空腔間灌注混凝土 和/或水泥砂漿。該加強結構可以增強輕鋼構件強度與穩定性,分散螺栓對緊鎖連接孔週邊鋼板的荷核載,消除緊鎖連接孔與螺栓間施工間隙所產生的結構不穩定性。優選的,混凝土或水泥砂漿內設置用於加強結構強度的鋼構件,鋼構件可選為鋼棒、或箍筋或預應力鋼線。鋼構件進一步可以增強構件抗拉力及抗壓力。進一步優選的,其中的箍筋選自方型箍筋、圓形箍筋和/或螺旋形箍筋或圓形鋼網。箍筋可以增混凝土或水泥砂漿抗壓能力。進一步優選的,其中的預應力鋼線進一步為加設預應力鋼線套管的預應力鋼線。這樣可以增強預應力鋼線的抗拉強度,減少構件受力產生的變位。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is filled between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower beams of the truss beams. And / or cement mortar. The reinforcing structure can enhance the strength and stability of the light steel component, and the dispersing bolt can load the core load of the steel plate around the connecting hole, and eliminate the structural instability caused by the construction gap between the locking connecting hole and the bolt. Preferably, a steel member for reinforcing the structural strength is provided in the concrete or cement mortar, and the steel member may be a steel rod, or a stirrup or a prestressed steel wire. The steel member further enhances the tensile strength and pressure resistance of the member. Further preferably, the stirrups are selected from the group consisting of square stirrups, round stirrups and/or spiral stirrups or round steel mesh. Stirrups can increase the compressive capacity of concrete or cement mortar. Further preferably, the prestressed steel wire is further a prestressed steel wire to which a prestressed steel wire casing is added. This can enhance the tensile strength of the prestressed steel wire and reduce the displacement caused by the force of the component.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的柱包括結構主柱、小柱、砌塊和/或填充牆體中配置(優選垂直配置)的補強柱、以及設於桁架樑中的桁架樑立柱及桁架樑斜撐,上述的鋼棒、預應力鋼線套管、預應力鋼線穿過所述的柱;所述的鋼棒、預應力鋼線套管、預應力鋼線始能連續不被截斷。 In an embodiment of the invention, the column includes a structural main column, a small column, a reinforcing column disposed in the block and/or the infill wall (preferably vertically disposed), and a truss beam column disposed in the truss beam and The truss beam struts, the above-mentioned steel bars, prestressed steel wire casings, and prestressed steel wires pass through the columns; the steel bars, prestressed steel wire casings, and prestressed steel wires can be continuously Truncated.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的連續單樑在樑腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接。由於雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架的構件大多採用冷彎薄壁型鋼,所述螺栓對緊鎖連接孔週邊鋼板的荷核載形成脆弱點。優選對輕鋼結構設置加強結構,該加強結構是在樑或柱緊鎖連接孔週邊設置用於補強的增厚鋼板;該增厚鋼板分散螺栓對緊鎖連接孔週邊鋼板的核載。增厚鋼板採用外加鋼板以鉚接和/或無鉚接和/或焊接方式與樑或柱接合。因此材料節省,工藝簡易,有利自動化作業。 In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is provided with a locking connection hole at the beam web and a locking connection hole provided on each side of the column to be tightly connected by a bolt. Since the components of the three-dimensional light steel frame composed of the two-way continuous double beam are mostly cold-formed thin-walled steel, the bolts form a weak point on the load-carrying load of the steel plate around the connection hole. Preferably, the reinforcing structure is provided for the light steel structure, and the reinforcing structure is provided with a thickened steel plate for reinforcing around the beam or the column locking connection hole; the thickened steel plate dispersing the bolt to the nuclear load of the steel plate surrounding the connecting hole. Thickened steel sheets are joined to the beams or columns by means of additional steel plates for riveting and/or riveting and/or welding. Therefore, the material is saved, the process is simple, and the automation operation is facilitated.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是在樑緊鎖連接孔週邊衝壓凹槽,該衝壓凹槽嵌入所述的柱的緊鎖連接孔進行加強。這種結構使得螺栓緊鎖連接件緊鎖後,與牆體平齊,使得裝修容易。進一步的,所述 樑緊鎖連接孔週邊衝壓凹槽嵌入所述的柱,所述柱的空腔之間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿,從而形成強固及無間隙的連接。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is a punching groove around the beam locking connection hole, and the punching groove is embedded in the locking connecting hole of the column for reinforcement. This structure makes the bolt locking connector tightly locked and flush with the wall, making the decoration easy. Further, the A stamping groove around the beam locking connection hole is embedded in the column, and concrete or cement mortar is poured between the cavities of the column to form a strong and gapless connection.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是在雙樑外側疊加構件加強。由於所述構件大多採用冷彎薄壁型鋼,所述螺栓對緊鎖連接孔週邊鋼板的荷核載形成脆弱點,尤其在應力集中構件部位例如垂直向的具有抗側向力的斜撐週邊相關節點。本發明的方案在雙樑外側疊加構件加強,分擔原有連續雙樑與所述節點的應力。而且,該疊加構件加強只是針對整支樑結構力不足處加強,不需要整支樑斷面加強,可節省材料。優選的,配合所述雙樑形式,其中的疊加構件可為L形型鋼、U形型鋼、C形型鋼、平板形型鋼、方形型鋼和/或方木。特別的,採用方木時以斷絕冷橋。冷橋是輕鋼鋼構在寒冷地區的重大缺點,這是因為鋼是很好的傳熱體,會將熱外傳或將冷導入。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is reinforced on the outer side of the double beam. Since most of the members are cold-formed thin-walled steel, the bolts form a weak point on the load-carrying load of the steel plate around the connection hole, especially in the vicinity of the stress-concentrating member, for example, a laterally inclined support with lateral force. node. The solution of the invention is reinforced on the outer side of the double beam, and the stress of the original continuous double beam and the joint is shared. Moreover, the reinforcement of the superimposed member is only strengthened for the insufficient structural force of the whole beam, and the cross section of the entire beam is not required to be strengthened, which can save materials. Preferably, in the form of the double beam, the superposed member may be an L-shaped steel, a U-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, a flat steel, a square steel and/or a square wood. In particular, the use of square wood to cut off the cold bridge. Cold bridges are a major disadvantage of light steel in cold areas because steel is a good heat transfer body that will pass heat or cold.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是在所述的雙樑與所述的外側疊加構件之間增設熱傳導絕緣墊片。疊加構件採用所述L形型鋼、U形型鋼、C形型鋼、平板形型鋼和/或方形型鋼時,所述的雙樑與所述的外側疊加構件之間增設熱傳導絕緣墊片以隔斷冷橋。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is such that a thermally conductive insulating spacer is added between the double beam and the outer superposed member. When the superimposed member adopts the L-shaped steel, the U-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the flat steel and/or the square steel, a heat conductive insulating gasket is added between the double beam and the outer superposed member to block the cold bridge .
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的柱包括結構主柱、小柱、砌塊和/或填充牆體中配置的補強柱,在柱的週邊以點焊鋼絲網和/或編織鋼絲網和/或擴張鋼絲網包裹,並與所述砌塊牆體間用水泥砂漿結合,從而形成加強結構。該加強結構可以將砌塊牆體與所述雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架整體構架結合,讓整體構架結構得以加強。 In an embodiment of the invention, the column includes a structural main column, a small column, a block and/or a reinforcing column disposed in the infill wall, and a spot welded steel wire mesh and/or a woven wire mesh at the periphery of the column and / or expansion of the wire mesh package, and cement mortar with the block wall to form a reinforcement structure. The reinforcing structure can combine the block wall with the three-dimensional light steel frame integral frame formed by the two-way continuous double beam, so that the overall frame structure can be strengthened.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的加強結構是克服了現有技術中存在的缺陷,例如預埋螺栓固定連接件僅固定於一體定位鋼架的底部一個點,無法維持垂直,施工中易被碰撞鬆動,同時所述預埋螺栓必須於基礎 混凝土達到一定強度後始能組裝並鎖定鋼架。本實施例中所述的加強結構是在設有螺栓加強墊片的一體化定位鋼架中設置螺栓加強墊片,所述螺栓加強墊片設置於所述C形型鋼預埋螺栓孔上方,所述螺栓加強墊片設置螺栓定位連接孔固定預埋螺栓;所述預埋螺栓可維持垂直,所述預埋螺栓於施工中不易被碰撞鬆動。優選的,其中的預埋螺栓進一步於所述螺栓加強墊片下方和/或所述C形型鋼預埋螺栓孔下方鎖上防拉拔螺母;該防拉拔螺母可以防止鋼構組裝定位後與預埋螺栓緊鎖時將螺栓拔出,因此不需於基礎混凝土達到一定強度後始能進行鋼構組裝並鎖定,可節省施工期限。 In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure overcomes the defects existing in the prior art, for example, the embedded bolt fixing connector is only fixed at a point on the bottom of the integrally positioned steel frame, and cannot maintain the vertical direction, and is easy to be constructed during construction. The collision is loose, and the embedded bolt must be based on the foundation After the concrete reaches a certain strength, it can assemble and lock the steel frame. The reinforcing structure described in the embodiment is provided with a bolt reinforcing gasket in an integrated positioning steel frame provided with a bolt reinforcing gasket, and the bolt reinforcing gasket is disposed above the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole. The bolt reinforcing spacer is provided with a bolt positioning connecting hole for fixing the pre-embedded bolt; the pre-embedded bolt can maintain vertical, and the embedded bolt is not easily loosened by collision during construction. Preferably, the embedded bolt further locks the pull-proof nut under the bolt reinforcing gasket and/or below the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole; the pull-proof nut can prevent the steel structure from being assembled and positioned When the embedded bolt is locked, the bolt is pulled out. Therefore, it is not necessary to assemble and lock the steel structure after the foundation concrete reaches a certain strength, thereby saving the construction period.
在現有技術中,連續雙樑與柱於柱外緣兩側各置一樑,所述柱的斷面大小往往受限於雙向連續雙樑無法加大形成整體結構的脆弱環節,若以其他斷面所述的柱取代,會造成雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架組裝困難。在本發明的一實施例中,在結構主柱外側以鋼柱和/或鋼筋混凝柱包裹,鋼柱與結構主柱間灌柱混凝土或水泥砂漿;該鋼柱作為假組裝的構件僅承擔組裝荷載,結構柱的結構力由結構柱外側的鋼柱和/或鋼筋混凝土柱包裹取代。該鋼柱和/或鋼筋混凝土柱於樑柱交叉節點可選擇中斷和/或連續,具體可根據整體結構情況調整。 In the prior art, a continuous double beam and a column are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column, and the sectional size of the column is often limited by the fact that the bidirectional continuous double beam cannot increase the fragile link of the integral structure, if other The replacement of the column described above makes it difficult to assemble a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam. In an embodiment of the invention, the steel column and/or the reinforced concrete column are wrapped on the outer side of the main column of the structure, and the column column concrete or cement mortar is interposed between the steel column and the structural main column; the steel column is only assumed as a false assembled component. Assembling the load, the structural forces of the structural column are replaced by steel columns and/or reinforced concrete columns on the outside of the structural column. The steel column and/or reinforced concrete column may be interrupted and/or continuous at the beam-column intersection, and may be adjusted according to the overall structure.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中在連續雙樑之間設置預製混凝土牆板和/或預製輕質混凝土牆板和/或預製中空混凝土牆板。這樣縮短了工期,降低了人工成本。 In an embodiment of the invention, precast concrete wall panels and/or prefabricated lightweight concrete wall panels and/or precast hollow concrete wall panels are disposed between successive double beams. This shortens the construction period and reduces labor costs.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中,為了克服蒙皮效應牆體中隔斷材料層造成有筋擴張網無法與龍骨很好的接合、從而導致單側蒙皮效應減損的缺陷,本發明在所述設置隔斷材料層一側設置具有抗側向力的拉杆,從而避免了單側蒙皮效應減損的缺陷。優選的,其中的具有抗側向力的拉杆優選為帶鋼,所述帶鋼以連接件與柱結合,所述連接件為自攻螺絲;所述 In an embodiment of the present invention, in order to overcome the defect that the reinforced mesh is not able to be well joined with the keel in order to overcome the layer of the partition material in the skin effect wall, thereby causing the defect of the one-side skin effect, the present invention is A pull rod having an anti-lateral force is disposed on one side of the layer on which the partition material is disposed, thereby avoiding the defect of the one-side skin effect loss. Preferably, the tie rod having the anti-lateral force is preferably a strip steel, the strip is combined with the column by a connecting member, and the connecting member is a self-tapping screw;
帶鋼可以貼緊所柱方便隔斷材料層與有筋擴張網的設置,同時方便採用所述自攻螺絲與所述的柱結合。 The strip steel can be closely attached to the column to facilitate the arrangement of the partition material layer and the reinforced mesh, and the self-tapping screw can be conveniently combined with the column.
進一步的,在本發明的一實施例中,其中的蒙皮效應牆體進一步設有加強部件,所述的加強部件包括固定墊片和防裂設施,所述的固定墊片密貼在所述的有筋擴張網網骨內作為所述氣鋼釘固定座;所述的加強固定墊片材質優選為硬質塑膠;優選的,具有蒙皮效應結構牆體包括所述的柱,所述的柱包括結構主柱、和/或小柱,所述的結構主柱和/或小柱的型鋼壁較厚一般氣鋼釘不易釘入,所述加強固定墊片提供較佳的氣鋼釘釘入約束,可提高貫穿力讓有筋擴張網與所述柱有強固的結合;所述的防裂設施系在水泥砂漿層內置玻璃纖維網、或金屬點焊網、或纖維混凝土所添加的纖維。優選的,採用氣鋼釘快速固定所述有筋擴張網,避免水泥砂漿層龜裂,增強牆體的蒙皮效應。 Further, in an embodiment of the invention, the skin effect wall body is further provided with a reinforcing member, the reinforcing member comprises a fixing gasket and a crack prevention device, and the fixing gasket is closely attached to the The reinforced expanded mesh is used as the gas nail fixing seat; the reinforcing fixing gasket material is preferably a hard plastic; preferably, the skin effect structure wall includes the column, the column Including the structural main column, and/or the small column, the structural steel column of the main column and/or the small column is thick, and the gas steel nail is not easy to be nailed, and the reinforcing fixing gasket provides better gas steel nailing. Constraining, the penetration force can be increased to allow the reinforced mesh to have a strong bond with the column; the crack prevention device is a fiberglass mesh, or a metal spot welded wire mesh, or a fiber concrete added fiber cement layer. Preferably, the reinforced mesh is quickly fixed by using gas steel nails to avoid cracking of the cement mortar layer and enhance the skinning effect of the wall.
現有技術公開了一種設有拉結式鋼網結構的牆體,該牆體包括鋼網、橫向拉結構件、縱向定位支撐構件和填充層,其中填充層填充於兩側的鋼網之間,兩側的鋼網和縱向定位支撐構件固定連接,橫向拉結構件穿過填充層,其兩端分別固定於和兩側鋼網固定連接的縱向定位支撐構件上;所述的鋼網、橫向拉結構件、縱向定位支撐構件和填充層一體形成設有拉結式鋼網結構的牆體。但是,該縱向定位支撐構件不夠穩固,無法定位所述的鋼網和/或牆體,同時容易造成粉刷層順縱向定位支撐構件龜裂。 The prior art discloses a wall body having a spliced steel mesh structure, the wall body comprising a steel mesh, a lateral pulling structural member, a longitudinal positioning supporting member and a filling layer, wherein the filling layer is filled between the steel meshes on both sides, The steel mesh on both sides is fixedly connected with the longitudinal positioning support member, and the lateral pulling structural member passes through the filling layer, and the two ends thereof are respectively fixed on the longitudinal positioning supporting members fixedly connected with the steel mesh on both sides; the steel mesh and the lateral pulling The structural member, the longitudinally positioned support member and the filling layer integrally form a wall having a pull-type stencil structure. However, the longitudinal positioning support member is not sufficiently stable to position the steel mesh and/or the wall, and it is easy to cause the whitewashing layer to be longitudinally positioned to support the member crack.
本發明的一實施例公開了有筋擴張鋼網拉結式牆體,該有筋擴張鋼網拉結式牆體包括所述的柱、設於樑與柱間的斜撐、有筋擴張網、牆體拉結件、和/或絕緣層、和/或有筋擴張網網骨外側的垂直支撐構件,所述的有筋擴張網設置於所述的柱兩側,所述一側的有筋擴張網通過所述的固定件固定於所述的柱,所述的固定件為自攻螺絲和/或氣鋼釘;所述一側的有 筋擴張網可以穩固定位,所述有筋擴張鋼網拉結式牆體能依附所述柱和/或具有抗側向力的斜撐保持精確定位。 An embodiment of the invention discloses a reinforced expanded steel mesh spliced wall body, the reinforced expanded steel mesh spliced wall body comprising the pillar, the diagonal bracing disposed between the beam and the column, and the reinforced mesh a wall pull member, and/or an insulating layer, and/or a vertical support member on the outside of the reinforced mesh neck, the ribbed expanded mesh being disposed on both sides of the column, the side having The rib expansion net is fixed to the column by the fixing member, the fixing member is a self-tapping screw and/or a gas steel nail; The rib expanded mesh can be stably positioned, and the reinforced expanded steel mesh spliced wall can be accurately positioned by attaching the post and/or the diagonal bracing with lateral force.
進一步的,在本發明的一實施例中,牆體拉結件拉結有筋擴張網的有筋擴張網網骨或置於有筋擴張網外側與有筋擴張網網骨垂直的支撐構件,所述的有筋擴張網外側與有筋擴張網網骨垂直的支撐構件於所述填充層完成後保留/或撤除;由於一面有筋擴張網已固定在所述的柱與具有抗側向力的斜撐上,所以不需要所述的縱向定位支撐構件,所述的牆體拉結件直接拉結有筋擴張網的有筋擴張網網骨,使拉結力穩固和平均;所述的與有筋擴張網外側有筋擴張網網骨垂直的支撐構件於填充層填充時可以增強有筋擴張網結構力,填充層固結後沒有側向推力,所述垂直的支撐構件撤除不會造成牆體外擴,同時不會造成粉刷層沿著縱向定位支撐構件發生龜裂。 Further, in an embodiment of the invention, the wall drawing member pulls the reinforced mesh reticle with the rib expanded mesh or the supporting member placed on the outside of the reinforced mesh and perpendicular to the reinforced mesh ridge. The support member on the outer side of the ribbed expanded mesh and the reinforced mesh reticle is retained/removed after completion of the filling layer; since one side of the reinforced mesh has been fixed to the column and has anti-lateral force The diagonal bracing, so the longitudinal positioning support member is not required, and the wall pulling member directly pulls the reinforced mesh rib with the reinforced mesh to make the pulling force stable and average; The support member perpendicular to the reinforced mesh ridge on the outside of the reinforced mesh can enhance the structural force of the reinforced expanded mesh when the filling layer is filled, and there is no lateral thrust after the filling layer is consolidated, and the vertical support member removal does not cause The wall is expanded outside the body without causing the stucco layer to crack along the longitudinally positioned support members.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的柱與柱之間設置所述具有抗側向力的拉杆,所述的具有抗側向力的拉杆優選為帶鋼;不凸出牆面便於後續牆面施工工序或裝修;所述帶鋼上端設置緊鎖連接孔與柱的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖;便於施工;帶鋼下端設置拉緊孔便於拉緊;所述帶鋼下端折彎90度與所述柱於設置具有抗側向力的拉杆一側以及所述柱另一側分別以自攻螺絲固定;所述帶鋼拉緊定位後,在設置具有抗側向力的拉杆一側以自攻螺絲與柱假固定,再於所述帶鋼下端折彎90度,服貼於柱另一側後,以自攻螺絲做最終鎖定,所述的最終鎖定和折彎90度的磨擦力一起能高效的發揮帶鋼斷面抗拉強度的優勢。 In an embodiment of the invention, the pull rod having the anti-lateral force is disposed between the column and the column, and the pull rod having the lateral force is preferably a strip; the wall is not protruded to facilitate the subsequent wall Surface construction process or decoration; the upper end of the strip is provided with a locking connection hole and a locking connection hole of the column to be tightly locked by bolts; it is convenient for construction; the lower end of the strip is provided with a tensioning hole for tensioning; the lower end of the strip is bent 90 And the column is fixed with a self-tapping screw on the side of the rod provided with anti-lateral force and the other side of the column; after the strip is tensioned and positioned, the side of the rod with anti-lateral force is disposed The self-tapping screws are fixed with the column and then bent at 90 degrees at the lower end of the strip. After being applied to the other side of the column, the final locking is performed with a self-tapping screw, and the final locking and bending are 90 degrees. Together, the force can effectively exert the advantage of the tensile strength of the strip section.
在本發明的一實施例中,其中的地樑優選為連續雙樑,所述的連續雙樑採用結構相同的連續單樑組合而成,所述的連續單樑採用單片桁架樑,所述單片桁架樑包括上弦樑、下弦樑、桁架樑立柱、具有抗剪力的斜 撐,所述上弦樑及下弦樑採用L形型鋼,所述桁架樑立柱及具有抗剪力的斜撐採用L形型鋼或平板形型鋼或圓形型鋼組成,所述的地樑進一步採用混凝土灌柱包覆。所述地樑能形成良好的抗剪力與抗灣矩機構。 In an embodiment of the invention, the ground beam is preferably a continuous double beam, the continuous double beam is formed by combining a continuous single beam of the same structure, and the continuous single beam adopts a single piece truss beam, Single-piece truss beams include upper chords, lower chords, truss girder columns, and inclined with shear resistance The upper chord and the lower chord are made of L-shaped steel, and the truss girder and the anti-shear bracing are composed of L-shaped steel or flat steel or circular steel, and the ground beam is further filled with concrete. The column is covered. The ground beam can form a good shear resistance and anti-bay mechanism.
借由上述技術方案,本發明提出的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架至少具有下列優點:本發明提出的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架使得輕鋼構件生產得以簡化,生產設備投資小;採用螺栓緊鎖固定,現地安裝得以簡化,非建築專業技術者都能參與施工;雙樑夾柱的構法構件可以平行組裝,利於構件更換與彈性調動,同時方便現場組裝;型鋼構件優選為採用鍍鋅鋼卷裁切或冷灣滾壓成型,構件可一次性滾壓成型,有利於自動化生產;所述構件生產與現地安裝不須焊接,不破壞鍍鋅層有利於防銹蝕;部分構件及整體結構的加強有利於採用傳統濕式牆體構造,例如磚石砌塊、混凝土、土等重型建築材料以及回收舊建材都能夠搭配使用,使得進而降低建築成本使其更加適於實用;特別的,連續雙樑與柱於柱外緣兩側各置一連續單樑的構法消除了安裝過程中的誤差積累。 According to the above technical solution, the three-dimensional light steel frame composed of the bidirectional continuous double beam proposed by the invention has at least the following advantages: the three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam proposed by the invention simplifies the production of the light steel component, and invests in production equipment. Small; bolted and fixed, the existing installation can be simplified, non-construction professionals can participate in the construction; the double-beamed column construction components can be assembled in parallel, which facilitates component replacement and elastic transfer, and facilitates on-site assembly; It adopts galvanized steel coil cutting or cold bay rolling forming, and the component can be rolled and formed at one time, which is beneficial to automatic production; the production of the component and the existing installation do not need to be welded, and the galvanized layer is not damaged to prevent rust; some components And the strengthening of the overall structure is conducive to the use of traditional wet wall construction, such as masonry blocks, concrete, soil and other heavy construction materials and recycled old building materials can be used together, so that the construction cost is reduced to make it more practical; The continuous double beam and the column are arranged on each side of the outer edge of the column to eliminate the installation of a single beam. Process of accumulation of errors.
借由上述技術方案,本發明具有上述諸多的優點及實用價值,並在同類產品中未見有類似的結構設計公開發表或使用而確屬創新,其不論在產品的結構或功能上皆有較大的改進,在技術上有較大的進步,並產生了好用及實用的效果,且較現有的輕鋼屋架具有增進的多項功效,從而更加適於實用,而具有產業的廣泛利用價值,誠為一新穎、進步、實用的新設計。 Through the above technical solutions, the present invention has many advantages and practical values as described above, and no similar structural design is disclosed or used in the same product, and it is innovative, regardless of the structure or function of the product. The big improvement has made great progress in technology, and has produced good and practical effects. Compared with the existing light steel roof trusses, it has many advantages, which is more suitable for practical use and has extensive use value of the industry. Chengxin is a new, progressive and practical new design.
為了能夠更清楚的說明本發明的技術方案,並可依照說明書的內容予以實施,以下結合本發明的附圖及具體實施方式詳細說明。 The technical solutions of the present invention can be more clearly explained and can be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, which will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention.
1‧‧‧樑 1‧‧ ‧ beam
11‧‧‧水準樑 11‧‧‧Horizontal beam
12‧‧‧屋頂斜樑 12‧‧‧ Roof beam
13‧‧‧桁架樑 13‧‧‧ truss beam
131‧‧‧桁架樑上弦樑 131‧‧‧ truss beam upper chord
132‧‧‧桁架樑下弦樑 132‧‧‧ truss beam lower string beam
134‧‧‧桁架樑斜撐 134‧‧‧ truss beam bracing
14‧‧‧地樑 14‧‧‧Ground
15‧‧‧單片桁架樑 15‧‧‧Single truss beam
151‧‧‧上弦樑 151‧‧‧Upper string
152‧‧‧下弦樑 152‧‧‧lower string
153‧‧‧具有抗剪力的斜撐 153‧‧‧Resistance with shear resistance
16‧‧‧檁條或桁條 16‧‧‧檩条桁
1/L‧‧‧L形型鋼樑 1/L‧‧‧L-shaped steel beam
1/U‧‧‧U形型鋼樑 1/U‧‧‧U-shaped steel beam
1/C‧‧‧C形型鋼樑 1/C‧‧‧C-shaped steel beam
1/Z‧‧‧Z形型鋼樑 1/Z‧‧‧Z-shaped steel beam
1/P‧‧‧平版形型鋼樑 1/P‧‧ lithographic steel beams
1/W‧‧‧方形木樑 1/W‧‧‧square wooden beams
2‧‧‧柱 2‧‧ ‧ column
21‧‧‧主柱 21‧‧‧ main column
22‧‧‧小柱 22‧‧‧column
23‧‧‧牆體補強柱 23‧‧‧ wall reinforcement column
24‧‧‧加強部件 24‧‧‧Strengthen components
213‧‧‧桁架樑立柱 213‧‧‧ truss beam column
214‧‧‧鋼柱 214‧‧‧ steel column
215‧‧‧混凝土柱 215‧‧‧ concrete column
2/U‧‧‧U形型鋼柱 2/U‧‧‧U-shaped steel column
2/C‧‧‧C形型鋼柱 2/C‧‧‧C-shaped steel column
2/RO‧‧‧開口方形型鋼柱 2/RO‧‧‧Open square steel column
2/RC‧‧‧彎折方形型鋼柱 2/RC‧‧‧Bent square steel column
3‧‧‧樓板 3‧‧‧ Floor
31‧‧‧強化輕型複合樓板 31‧‧‧Enhanced lightweight composite floor
311‧‧‧輕型複合樓板 311‧‧‧Light composite floor
32‧‧‧鋼網水泥砂漿天花板 32‧‧‧Steel mesh cement mortar ceiling
41‧‧‧斜撐 41‧‧‧ struts
42‧‧‧拉杆 42‧‧‧ lever
501‧‧‧螺栓 501‧‧‧ bolt
502‧‧‧自攻螺絲 502‧‧‧ Self-tapping screws
503‧‧‧熱傳導絕緣墊片 503‧‧‧Heat conductive insulation gasket
505‧‧‧鋼棒 505‧‧‧ steel rod
506‧‧‧箍筋 506‧‧‧ stirrups
507‧‧‧預應力鋼線 507‧‧‧Prestressed steel wire
508‧‧‧預應力鋼線套管 508‧‧‧Prestressed steel wire casing
509‧‧‧卯釘 509‧‧‧卯nail
510‧‧‧拉釘 510‧‧‧ pull nail
511‧‧‧疊加構件 511‧‧‧ superimposed components
512‧‧‧續接連接板 512‧‧‧Continuous connection plate
513‧‧‧套管 513‧‧‧ casing
5131‧‧‧端部擴張套管 5131‧‧‧End expansion sleeve
514‧‧‧承壓墊片 514‧‧‧ Pressure gasket
515‧‧‧氣鋼釘 515‧‧‧ gas steel nails
516‧‧‧鋼筋 516‧‧‧Rebar
517‧‧‧加強固定墊片 517‧‧‧Reinforced fixed gasket
518‧‧‧增厚鋼板 518‧‧‧thick steel plate
51‧‧‧壓型鋼板連接件 51‧‧‧Formed steel plate connectors
52‧‧‧壓型鋼板 52‧‧‧Formed steel plate
53‧‧‧鋼絲網 53‧‧‧Steel wire mesh
531‧‧‧防裂網或防裂纖維 531‧‧‧Fracture net or crack-proof fiber
54‧‧‧有筋擴張網 54‧‧‧Stretched net
541‧‧‧有筋擴張網網骨 541‧‧‧ reinforced mesh
55‧‧‧一體定位鋼架 55‧‧‧Integral positioning steel frame
551‧‧‧預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼 551‧‧‧Pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel
552‧‧‧螺栓加強墊片 552‧‧‧Bolt reinforced gasket
553‧‧‧預埋螺栓 553‧‧‧Pre-embedded bolts
554‧‧‧角馬 554‧‧‧Angle
555‧‧‧防拉拔螺母 555‧‧‧Anti-drawn nut
60‧‧‧混凝土 60‧‧‧ concrete
601‧‧‧混凝土或水泥砂漿 601‧‧‧Concrete or cement mortar
61‧‧‧水泥砂漿 61‧‧‧Cement mortar
62‧‧‧複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體 62‧‧‧Composite wall with skin effect structure
621‧‧‧具有蒙皮效應結構牆面 621‧‧‧with skin effect structure wall
63‧‧‧砌塊牆體 63‧‧‧Block wall
64‧‧‧有筋擴張鋼網拉結式牆體 64‧‧‧Stretched steel mesh knotted wall
65‧‧‧絕緣層 65‧‧‧Insulation
66‧‧‧填充牆體 66‧‧‧filled wall
67‧‧‧牆體拉結件 67‧‧‧ wall drawing parts
68‧‧‧預製混凝土牆版 68‧‧‧Precast concrete wall plate
70‧‧‧緊鎖連接孔 70‧‧‧Lock connection hole
71‧‧‧衝壓凹槽 71‧‧‧ Stamping groove
72‧‧‧拉緊孔 72‧‧‧Tighten the hole
圖1示出的是本發明雙向連續雙樑所構成的三維輕鋼構架示意圖。 Figure 1 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of the present invention.
圖2示出的是本發明所述的樑柱斷面及樑柱灌漿加強結構示意圖;圖3示出的是本發明所述的單樑續接示意圖。 2 is a schematic view of a beam-column section and a beam-column grouting reinforcement structure according to the present invention; and FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a single beam continuous connection according to the present invention.
圖4示出的是本發明所述的強化輕型複合樓板31示意圖。 Figure 4 shows a schematic view of a reinforced lightweight composite floor panel 31 of the present invention.
圖5示出的是本發明所述的嵌入式連續單樑及帶鋼拉杆彎折鎖定加強結構示意圖。 FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the embedded continuous single beam and the steel rod bending and locking reinforcement structure according to the present invention.
圖6示出的是本發明所述的單片桁架樑15示意圖。 Figure 6 shows a schematic view of a single piece truss beam 15 of the present invention.
圖7示出的是本發明所述的桁架樑13示意圖。 Figure 7 shows a schematic view of the truss beam 13 of the present invention.
圖8示出的是本發明所述的樑柱緊鎖連接孔增厚鋼板13及衝壓凹槽71補強示意圖。 FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the reinforcement of the beam-column locking connection thickened steel plate 13 and the punching groove 71 according to the present invention.
圖9示出的是本發明所述的局部構架加強結構示意圖。 Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the partial frame reinforcing structure of the present invention.
圖10示出的是本發明所述的一體定位鋼架55示意圖。 Figure 10 is a schematic view of the integrally positioned steel frame 55 of the present invention.
圖11示出的是本發明所述的複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體62示意圖。 Figure 11 is a schematic view of a composite walled structure 62 having a skin effect structure in accordance with the present invention.
圖12示出的是本發明所述的具有蒙皮效應結構牆體加強固定墊片517示意圖。 Figure 12 is a schematic view of a wall-reinforced reinforcing spacer 517 having a skin effect structure according to the present invention.
圖13示出的是本發明所述的有筋擴張網拉結示牆體64示意圖。 Figure 13 is a schematic view of the ribbed expanded mesh splicing wall 64 of the present invention.
圖14示出的是本發明所述的結構主柱外側設置加強部件24示意圖。 Fig. 14 is a schematic view showing the reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure according to the present invention.
為更進一步闡述本發明為達成預定發明目的所採取的技術手段及功效,以下結合附圖及較佳實施例,對依據本發明提出的雙向連續雙樑所構成的三維輕鋼構架其具體實施方式、結構、特徵及其功效,詳細說明如後。 請參閱圖1所示的是本發明雙向連續雙樑所構成的三維輕鋼構架示意圖。圖示屋頂斜樑12、水準樑11、地樑14、單片桁架樑15、桁架樑13、檁條或桁條16、一體定位鋼架55、主柱21、小柱22、牆體補強柱23、結構主柱外側設置的加強部件24、具有抗側向力的斜撐41、具有抗側向力的拉杆42、複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體62、砌塊牆體63、有筋擴張鋼網拉結式牆體64、強化輕型複合樓板31。 In order to further illustrate the technical means and efficacy of the present invention for achieving the intended purpose of the present invention, the three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to the present invention will be specifically described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and preferred embodiments. , structure, characteristics and efficacy, as detailed below. Please refer to FIG. 1 , which is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of the present invention. The roof inclined beam 12, the horizontal beam 11, the ground beam 14, the single piece truss beam 15, the truss beam 13, the rafter or the rafter 16, the integral positioning steel frame 55, the main column 21, the small column 22, and the wall reinforcing column 23 are illustrated. a reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure, a diagonal strut 41 having lateral force resistance, a tie rod 42 having lateral force resistance, a composite wall having a skin effect structure 62, a block wall 63, and a rib expansion The steel mesh pull-up wall 64 and the light-weight composite floor 31 are strengthened.
請參閱圖2所示的是本發明所述的樑柱斷面及樑柱灌漿加強結構示意圖。圖2-1所示樑1構件示意圖可以是1/L:L形型鋼樑、端部設有卷邊L形型鋼樑,1/U:U形型鋼樑、上下緣翼版寬度不同U形型鋼樑、端部設有卷邊U形型鋼樑,1/C:C形型鋼樑、上下緣翼版寬度不同C形型鋼樑、端部設有卷邊C形型鋼樑,1/Z:Z形型鋼樑、端部設有卷邊Z形型鋼樑,1/P:平板形型鋼樑,1/W:方形木樑,15:單片桁架樑等。圖2-2所示柱2構件示意圖可以是2/U:U形型鋼柱,2/C:C形型鋼柱,2/RO:開口方形型鋼柱,2/RC:折彎方形型鋼柱、拉釘510。圖2-3所示樑1、柱2、混凝土/或水泥砂漿601灌漿加強結構示意圖。 Please refer to FIG. 2 for a schematic diagram of the beam-column section and the beam-column grouting reinforcement structure according to the present invention. Figure 2-1 shows a schematic diagram of the beam 1 member which can be 1/L: L-shaped steel beam, with L-shaped steel beam at the end, 1/U: U-shaped steel beam, different widths of the upper and lower edges U-shaped steel beam, with U-shaped steel beam at the end, 1/C: C-shaped steel beam, different widths of the upper and lower edges, C-shaped steel beam, and crimped C-shaped steel at the end Beam, 1/Z: Z-shaped steel beam, with flanged Z-shaped steel beam at the end, 1/P: flat-shaped steel beam, 1/W: square wooden beam, 15: single-piece truss beam. Figure 2-2 shows the structure of the column 2 member can be 2/U: U-shaped steel column, 2/C: C-shaped steel column, 2/RO: open square steel column, 2/RC: bent square steel column, pull Nail 510. Figure 2-3 shows the reinforcement structure of the beam 1, column 2, concrete / or cement mortar 601 grouting.
請參閱圖3示出的是本發明單樑續接示意圖。圖3-1所示的是單樑重疊續接示意圖;重疊對接兩單樑1續接端部設置緊鎖連接孔70,將重疊部分翼板切除,腹版重疊與柱緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501緊鎖連接。圖3-2所示的是單片桁架樑重疊續接示意圖;單片桁架樑15於柱2處續接,兩片單片桁架樑15的上弦樑151為L形型鋼樑1/L及下弦樑152為L形型鋼樑1/L,接續兩端與柱2接觸面設置緊鎖連接孔70,所述兩續接單樑1採用尺寸差重疊接續同時與柱緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501緊鎖連接。圖3-3所示的是單樑連接件續接示意圖;所述兩續接單樑1於柱2處對接續接,所述兩續接單樑續接端設置緊鎖連接孔,與連接件512設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓501緊鎖連接,所述 連接件512設置的緊鎖連接孔與柱設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓501緊鎖連接,所述連接件512採用U形型鋼/或L形型鋼/或平板形型鋼。 Please refer to FIG. 3 for a schematic diagram of a single beam continuation of the present invention. Figure 3-1 is a schematic diagram of the overlapping of the single beam overlap; the overlapping butt joints of the two single beams 1 are provided with a locking connection hole 70, and the overlapping partial wings are cut off, and the abdominal plate overlaps with the column locking connection hole 70. The bolt 501 is tightly connected. Figure 3-2 shows a schematic diagram of the overlapping of the single-piece truss beams; the single-piece truss beam 15 is continued at the column 2, and the upper chord 151 of the two single-piece truss beams 15 is an L-shaped steel beam 1/L and The lower chord 152 is an L-shaped steel beam 1/L, and the connecting ends of the two ends are connected with the column 2 to provide a locking connection hole 70. The two continuous single beams 1 are overlapped by a difference in size and simultaneously connected with the column locking hole 70. The bolt 501 is tightly connected. Figure 3-3 shows a schematic diagram of the splicing of the single-beam connector; the two spliced single beams 1 are contiguously connected at the column 2, and the continuation ends of the two continuation single beams are provided with a locking connection hole, and the connection The locking connection hole provided by the piece 512 is tightly connected by the bolt 501, The locking connecting hole provided by the connecting member 512 and the locking connecting hole provided by the column are tightly connected by a bolt 501, and the connecting member 512 is made of U-shaped steel or L-shaped steel and/or flat steel.
請參閱圖4示出的是本發明強化輕型複合樓板31示意圖。圖4-1所示的是強化輕型複合樓板31透視示意圖;所述強化輕型複合樓板31包括輕型複合樓板311、檁條或桁條16、具有抗側向力的拉杆42和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板32,各元件以連接件結合成為一體,所述的輕型複合樓板311設於檁條或桁條16上方,具有抗側向力的拉杆42和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板32設於檁條或桁條16下方。圖4-2所示的是輕型複合樓板311示意圖;所述的輕型複合樓板311包括樓承板,所述的樓承板為波浪形壓型鋼板52/或折疊形壓型鋼板52,所述連接件51連接壓型鋼板52與檁條或桁條16,壓型鋼板52上部灌柱混凝土/或水泥砂漿601,混凝土/或水泥砂漿601其中設置防裂網或防裂纖維531。圖4-3所示的是壓型鋼板連接件51示意圖;所述連接件51包括自攻螺絲502、套管513和/或承壓墊片514,所述套管513與自攻螺絲502緊密貼合,所述套管513進一步採用端部擴張套管5131,所述端部擴張套管5131一端或兩端擴張形成承壓墊片。圖4-4所示的是折疊形壓型鋼板示意圖。圖4-5所示的是波浪形壓型鋼板示意圖。圖4-6所示的是有筋擴張網54示意圖,所述有筋擴張網54具有有筋擴張網網骨541與擴張網面。圖4-7所示的是有筋擴張網54剖面示意圖;所述有筋擴張網54具有有筋擴張網網骨541與擴張網面所述的水泥砂漿內置防裂網或防裂纖維。圖4-8所示的是強化輕型複合樓板31選項之一剖面示意圖;所述檁條或桁條16下方設置具有抗側向力的拉杆42,所述檁條或桁條16與具有抗側向力的拉杆42連接件為自攻螺絲502/或氣鋼釘515,檁條或桁條16上方為輕型複合樓板311。圖4-9所示的是強化輕型複合樓板31選項之一剖面示意圖;所述檁條或桁條16下方設置鋼網水泥砂漿天花板32,所述鋼網水泥砂漿天花板32包括有筋擴張 網54和水泥砂漿61,所述的水泥砂漿61內置防裂網或防裂纖維531,所述檁條或桁條16與鋼網水泥砂漿天花板32連接件為自攻螺絲502/或氣鋼釘515,檁條或桁條16上方為輕型複合樓板311。 Referring to Figure 4, there is shown a schematic view of a reinforced lightweight composite floor panel 31 of the present invention. Figure 4-1 is a schematic perspective view of the reinforced lightweight composite slab 31; the reinforced lightweight composite slab 31 comprises a lightweight composite slab 311, stringers or stringers 16, tie rods 42 with lateral forces and/or stencil cement mortar The ceiling 32, each component is integrated by a connecting member, and the lightweight composite floor 311 is disposed above the stringer or stringer 16 with a lateral force-resistant tie rod 42 and/or a stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 disposed on the purlin or rafter. Below the strip 16. 4-2 is a schematic view of a lightweight composite floor 311; the lightweight composite floor 311 includes a floor slab, and the floor slab is a wavy profiled steel plate 52/ or a folded profiled steel plate 52, The connecting member 51 is connected with the profiled steel plate 52 and the stringer or stringer 16, the upper part of the profiled steel plate 52 is filled with concrete / cement mortar 601, and the concrete / cement mortar 601 is provided with a crack-proof net or crack-proof fiber 531. 4-3 is a schematic view of a profiled steel plate connecting member 51; the connecting member 51 includes a tapping screw 502, a sleeve 513 and/or a pressure receiving gasket 514, and the sleeve 513 is tightly coupled with the tapping screw 502. In the fitting, the sleeve 513 further adopts an end expansion sleeve 5131, and the end expansion sleeve 5131 is expanded at one end or both ends to form a pressure receiving gasket. Figure 4-4 shows a schematic view of a folded profiled steel plate. Figure 4-5 shows a schematic view of a corrugated profiled steel plate. 4-6 is a schematic view of a reinforced mesh 54 having a ribbed expanded mesh 541 and an expanded mesh. 4-7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a reinforced mesh 54 having a reinforced mesh 541 and a cement mortar built-in anti-cracking or anti-cracking fiber as described in the expanded mesh surface. 4-8 is a cross-sectional view showing one of the options of the reinforced lightweight composite floor panel 31; below the rafter or rafter 16 is provided a tie rod 42 having an anti-lateral force, the rafter or stringer 16 having an anti-lateral force The connecting rod 42 is a self-tapping screw 502 / or a gas steel nail 515, and the top of the purlin or rafter 16 is a lightweight composite floor 311. Figure 4-9 shows a cross-sectional view of one of the options for reinforcing the lightweight composite floor panel 31; below the stringer or stringer 16, a stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 is provided, the stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 including rib expansion The net 54 and the cement mortar 61, the cement mortar 61 has a built-in anti-cracking net or anti-cracking fiber 531, and the connecting rod of the purlin or purlin 16 and the stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 is a self-tapping screw 502 / or a gas steel nail 515 Above the purlin or purlin 16 is a lightweight composite floor 311.
請參閱圖5示出的是本發明嵌入式連續單樑及帶鋼拉杆彎折鎖定加強結構示意圖。所述圖5-1所示的是嵌入式連續單樑示意圖;所述的嵌入式連續單樑1為L形型鋼樑1/L、C形型鋼樑1/C、Z形型鋼樑1/Z的上下緣於所述柱2兩邊線以內處切除嵌入,所述的嵌入式連續單樑1於腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔70與柱2設置的緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501連接。所述圖5-2所示的是帶鋼拉杆彎折鎖定加強結構示意圖;請求項28其中所述拉杆42優選為帶鋼,所述的帶鋼上端設置緊鎖連接孔70與柱2的緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501緊鎖連接;為便於拉緊施工;帶鋼下端設置拉緊孔72便於拉緊;所述帶鋼拉緊定位後於設置拉杆42一側以自攻螺絲502與柱2假固定,再於所述帶鋼下端折彎90度,服貼柱2另一側後以自攻螺絲502做最終鎖定。 Please refer to FIG. 5 , which is a schematic diagram of the embedded continuous single beam and the steel rod bending and locking reinforcement structure of the present invention. Figure 5-1 shows a schematic view of an embedded continuous single beam; the embedded continuous single beam 1 is an L-shaped steel beam 1/L, a C-shaped steel beam 1/C, a Z-shaped steel beam The upper and lower edges of 1/Z are cut and embedded within the two sides of the column 2, and the embedded continuous single beam 1 is provided with a locking connection hole 70 and a locking connection hole 70 provided by the column 2 at the web to the bolt 501. connection. FIG. 5-2 is a schematic view showing a bending and locking reinforcement structure of a steel strip rod; wherein the drawing rod 28 is preferably a strip steel, and the upper end of the strip is provided with a tight connection hole 70 and a tightness of the column 2 The locking connection hole 70 is tightly connected by the bolt 501; in order to facilitate the tensioning construction; the lower end of the steel strip is provided with the tensioning hole 72 for the tension; the steel strip is tensioned and positioned on the side of the setting rod 42 with the self-tapping screw 502 and the column 2 Fake fixed, then bend 90 degrees at the lower end of the strip, and apply the self-tapping screw 502 for final locking after the other side of the post 2 is applied.
請參閱圖6示出的是本發明單片桁架樑15示意圖。所述圖6-1所示的是單片桁架樑15立面示意圖;所述的單片桁架樑15包括上弦樑151、下弦樑152、具有抗剪力的斜撐153,所述上弦樑151和/或下弦樑152採用L形型鋼1/1,所述具有抗剪力的斜撐153由L形型鋼1/L和/或平板形型鋼1/P/或圓形型鋼組成;所述的單片桁架樑15在所述上弦樑151和下弦樑152與所述柱2/和桁架樑立柱213接觸面設置的緊鎖連接孔70與所述柱2/和桁架樑立柱213兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501緊鎖連接。所述圖6-2所示的是單片桁架樑15平面示意圖;所述的連續單片桁架樑15分別設置在所述柱2外緣的兩側,所述的連續單片桁架樑15與所述的柱2在交叉連接處保持連續不間斷,所述的連續單片桁架樑15進一步採用續接;優選的採用單片桁架樑15重疊續接。所述的雙單片桁架樑15與所述的柱2以螺栓501緊鎖連接。 所述圖6-3所示的是單片桁架樑15剖面示意圖;所述的連續單片桁架樑15與所述的連續樑1穿插交叉。所述圖6-4所示的是單片桁架樑15剖面示意圖;所述的連續單片桁架樑15的上弦樑151和下弦樑152以緊鎖連接件與所述桁架樑立柱213緊鎖連接。所述圖6-5所示的是單片桁架樑15透視示意圖。 Referring to Figure 6, a schematic view of a single truss beam 15 of the present invention is shown. 6-1 is a schematic view of a single truss girder 15; the monolithic truss girder 15 includes an upper chord 151, a lower chord 152, and a diagonal strut 153 having shear resistance, the upper chord 151 And/or the lower chord 152 is formed by an L-shaped steel 1/1, and the shear-resistant struts 153 are composed of an L-shaped steel 1/L and/or a flat-shaped steel 1/P/ or a circular steel; A single-piece truss beam 15 is disposed on both sides of the column 2/ and the truss beam column 213 at a contact opening surface of the upper chord 151 and the lower chord 152 at a contact surface with the column 2/ and the truss beam column 213. The locking connection holes 70 are tightly connected by bolts 501. Figure 6-2 shows a plan view of a single-piece truss beam 15; the continuous single-piece truss beams 15 are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column 2, and the continuous single-piece truss beam 15 is The columns 2 are continuously uninterrupted at the cross-connections, and the continuous monolithic truss beams 15 are further spliced; preferably, the single-piece truss beams 15 are overlapped and continued. The double monolithic truss beam 15 is tightly connected to the column 2 by bolts 501. 6-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the single-piece truss beam 15; the continuous single-piece truss beam 15 is interspersed with the continuous beam 1. FIG. 6-4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the single-piece truss beam 15; the upper chord 151 and the lower chord 152 of the continuous single-piece truss beam 15 are tightly connected with the truss beam column 213 by a locking connector. . The perspective view of the single piece truss beam 15 is shown in Figures 6-5.
請參閱圖7示出的是本發明桁架樑13示意圖。所述圖7-1所示的是桁架樑13透視示意圖;所述桁架樑13包括桁架樑上弦樑131、桁架樑下弦樑132、桁架樑立柱213、桁架樑斜撐134,所述的桁架樑上弦樑131和桁架樑下弦樑132由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成,所述的連續單樑分別設置在所述柱2的外緣的兩側,所述的連續單樑與所述的柱2、桁架樑立柱213、桁架樑斜撐134以螺栓501緊鎖連接。所述圖7-2所示的是桁架樑立面示意圖。所述圖7-3所示的是桁架樑13剖面示意圖;所述桁架樑上弦樑131的空腔間、桁架樑下弦樑132的開口方形型鋼的空腔間、桁架樑立柱213的空腔間、桁架樑斜撐134的空腔間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿601。所述圖7-4所示的是雙樑之間設置鋼構件及灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿601示意圖;所述雙樑之間設置用於加強結構強度的鋼構件,所述的鋼構件為鋼棒505、或箍筋506、或預應力鋼線507、或預應力鋼線套管508,並灌注混凝土/或水泥砂漿601。 Referring to Figure 7, a schematic view of the truss beam 13 of the present invention is shown. 7-1 is a schematic perspective view of the truss beam 13; the truss beam 13 includes a truss beam upper chord 131, a truss beam lower chord 132, a truss beam column 213, a truss beam struts 134, and the truss beam The upper chord 131 and the truss lower chord 132 are combined by a continuous single beam of the same or different structure, and the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column 2, the continuous single beam and The column 2, the truss beam column 213, and the truss beam struts 134 are tightly connected by bolts 501. Figure 7-2 shows a schematic view of the truss beam elevation. 7-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the truss beam 13; between the cavities of the truss girder upper beam 131, between the cavities of the open square steel of the truss girder lower chord 132, and between the cavities of the truss girder 213 The concrete or cement mortar 601 is poured between the cavities of the truss beam struts 134. Figure 7-4 shows a schematic view of a steel member and a concrete or cement mortar 601 disposed between the two beams; a steel member for reinforcing the structural strength is disposed between the double beams, and the steel member is a steel rod. 505, or stirrups 506, or prestressed steel wire 507, or prestressed steel wire casing 508, and poured concrete/or cement mortar 601.
請參閱圖8示出的是本發明樑柱緊鎖連接孔增厚鋼板518及衝壓凹槽71補強示意圖。所述圖8-1所示的是樑1的緊鎖連接孔的增厚鋼板518及衝壓凹槽71補強示意圖;所述的樑1或柱2緊鎖連接孔70週邊設置用於補強的增厚鋼板518或衝壓凹槽71,所述的螺栓週邊以自攻螺絲502鎖定作假固定。 Please refer to FIG. 8 , which is a schematic diagram of the reinforcement of the beam-column connecting hole thickening steel plate 518 and the punching groove 71 of the present invention. FIG. 8-1 is a schematic diagram of the reinforcing steel plate 518 and the punching groove 71 of the locking connection hole of the beam 1; the beam 1 or the column 2 is tightly connected around the connecting hole 70 for reinforcement. The thick steel plate 518 or the punching groove 71 is fixed by the self-tapping screw 502.
所述圖8-2所示的是衝壓凹槽剖面示意圖;所述的樑1衝壓凹槽71嵌入所述的柱2的緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501緊鎖連接,所述柱的空腔間灌注混凝土/或水泥砂漿601。所述圖8-3所示的是衝壓凹槽71放大示意圖;所述的衝壓凹 槽71嵌入所述的柱1的緊鎖連接孔70以螺栓501緊鎖連接,所述柱的緊鎖連接孔70直徑大於所述樑緊鎖連接孔週邊衝壓凹槽71。所述圖8-4所示的是柱樑構件緊鎖連接孔增厚鋼板518補強剖面示意圖。所述圖8-5所示的是柱樑構件緊鎖連接孔增厚鋼板518補強立面示意圖;所述的增厚鋼板518採用外加鋼板以鉚接和/或無鉚接方式與所述的樑或柱接合。 8-2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the stamping groove; the beam 1 stamping groove 71 is embedded in the locking connection hole 70 of the column 2, and is tightly connected by a bolt 501. Inter-fill concrete/or cement mortar 601. 8-3 is an enlarged schematic view of the stamping groove 71; the stamping concave The slot 71 is embedded in the locking connection hole 70 of the column 1 and is tightly connected by a bolt 501. The diameter of the locking connection hole 70 of the column is larger than the punching groove 71 around the beam locking connection hole. Figure 8-4 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the stiffened steel plate 518 of the column beam member locking connection hole. Figure 8-5 shows a schematic view of the reinforcing façade of the column-beam member locking connection hole thickening steel plate 518; the thickened steel plate 518 is joined to the beam or column by riveting and/or without riveting. .
請參閱圖9示出的是本發明局部構架加強結構示意圖。所述圖9-1所示的是局部構架加強結構立面示意圖;所述的構架加強結構包括雙樑1之間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿601、雙樑1之間設置預製混凝土牆板68、柱2的週邊以鋼絲網53包裹並與所述砌塊牆體63間用水泥砂漿61結合、樑1外側疊加構件511、樑1與外側疊加構件之間增設熱傳導絕緣墊片503。所述圖9-2所示的是雙樑1之間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿601剖面示意圖。所述圖9-3所示的是樑1外側疊加構件511剖面示意圖;所述的樑1外側疊加構件511、樑1與外側疊加構件511之間增設熱傳導絕緣墊片503。所述圖9-4所示的是疊加構件511剖面示意圖。所述圖9-5所示的是柱2的週邊以鋼絲網53包裹平面示意圖;所述的柱2的週邊以鋼絲網53或編織鋼絲網或擴張鋼絲網包裹並與所述砌塊牆體63間用水泥砂漿61結合。所述圖9-6所示的是雙樑1間設置預製混凝土牆板68剖面示意圖;所述的雙樑1間設置預製混凝土牆板68/或預製輕質混凝土牆板/或預製中空混凝土牆板。 Please refer to FIG. 9 for a schematic view of a partial frame reinforcing structure of the present invention. Figure 9-1 is a schematic view of a partial frame reinforcement structure elevation; the frame reinforcement structure includes a concrete or cement mortar 601 between the double beams 1 and a precast concrete wall panel 68 and columns between the double beams 1 The periphery of 2 is wrapped by a steel mesh 53 and is joined with cement mortar 61 between the block wall 63, a superposed member 511 of the outer side of the beam 1, and a thermally conductive insulating spacer 503 between the beam 1 and the outer superposed member. Figure 9-2 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of concrete or cement mortar 601 between two beams. 9-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the outer layer superimposing member 511 of the beam 1; a heat conducting insulating spacer 503 is added between the outer layer superimposing member 511 of the beam 1 and the outer layer superimposing member 511. FIG. 9-4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the superposing member 511. 9-9 is a schematic plan view of the periphery of the column 2 wrapped by a steel mesh 53; the periphery of the column 2 is wrapped with a wire mesh 53 or a woven wire mesh or an expanded wire mesh and the block wall 63 were combined with cement mortar 61. 9-6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a precast concrete wall panel 68 disposed between two beams; the double beam 1 is provided with precast concrete wall panels 68 or prefabricated lightweight concrete wall panels/precast hollow concrete walls. board.
請參閱圖10示出的是本發明一體定位鋼架55示意圖。所述圖10-1所示的是一體定位鋼架55立面示意圖;所述的一體定位鋼架55包括角馬554、螺栓加強墊片552、預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼551、預埋螺栓553、防拉拔螺母555。所述圖10-2所示的是一體定位鋼架55局部透視示意圖;所述的柱2與角馬554以螺栓501緊鎖連接,角馬554與預埋螺栓553緊鎖連接,預埋螺栓553固定於螺栓加強墊片552及預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼551。所述圖10-3所 示的是預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼551剖面示意圖;所述的預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼551設置預埋螺栓緊鎖連接孔70。所述圖10-4所示的是螺栓加強墊片552剖面立面示意圖;所述的螺栓加強墊片552設置所述的預埋螺栓緊鎖連接孔70。所述圖10-5所示的是防拉拔螺母555剖面示意圖;所述的螺栓加強墊片552設置於預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼551之上,所述防拉拔螺母555設於所述螺栓加強墊片552下方或預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼551下方。 Referring to Figure 10, there is shown a schematic view of an integrally positioned steel frame 55 of the present invention. Figure 10-1 shows a schematic view of the integrally positioned steel frame 55; the integrated positioning steel frame 55 includes a horn horse 554, a bolt reinforcement gasket 552, a pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551, and an embedded bolt. 553, anti-pull nut 555. Figure 10-2 shows a partial perspective view of the integrally positioned steel frame 55; the column 2 and the horn 554 are tightly connected by bolts 501, and the horn 554 is tightly connected with the embedded bolt 553, and the bolt is embedded. The 553 is fixed to the bolt reinforcing washer 552 and the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551. Figure 10-3 Shown is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551; the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551 is provided with a pre-embedded bolt locking connection hole 70. 10-4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the bolt reinforcing spacer 552; the bolt reinforcing spacer 552 is provided with the embedded bolt locking connection hole 70. 10-5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pull-out nut 555; the bolt reinforcing washer 552 is disposed on the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551, and the pull-out nut 555 is disposed on the Below the bolt reinforced gasket 552 or the pre-embedded bolt is positioned below the C-shaped steel 551.
請參閱圖11示出的是本發明複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體62示意圖。所述圖11-1所示的是柱兩面設置具有蒙皮效應結構牆面621牆體示意圖;包括所述主柱21、小柱22、牆體補牆柱23、兩面具有蒙皮效應結構牆面621。所述圖11-2所示的是局部放大平面示意圖;包括所述小柱22、有筋擴張網54、水泥砂漿61、防裂網或防裂纖維531、自攻螺絲502或氣鋼釘515、填充牆體66。所述圖11-3所示的是局部放大剖面示意圖;包括所有筋擴張網54、水泥砂漿61、防裂網或防裂纖維531、自攻螺絲502/或氣鋼釘515、填充牆體66。所述圖11-4所示的是柱一面設置具有蒙皮效應結構牆面621另一面設置具有抗側向力的拉杆42牆體示意圖;包括所述主柱21、小柱22、牆體補牆柱23、一面具有蒙皮效應結構牆面621、具有抗側向力的拉杆42、絕緣層65。所述圖11-5所示的是局部放大平面示意圖;包括所述小柱22、有筋擴張網54、水泥砂漿61、防裂網或防裂纖維531、自攻螺絲502或氣鋼釘515、填充牆體66、抗側向力拉杆42、絕緣層65。所述圖11-6所示的是局部放大剖面示意圖;包括所有筋擴張網54、水泥砂漿61、防裂網或防裂纖維531、自攻螺絲502/或氣鋼釘515、填充牆體66、抗側向力拉杆42、絕緣層65。 Referring to Figure 11, there is shown a schematic view of a composite wall 62 having a skin effect structure of the present invention. Figure 11-1 shows a schematic view of a wall 621 having a skin effect structure on both sides of the column; the main column 21, the small column 22, the wall wall column 23, and the skin effect structure wall on both sides Face 621. 11-2 shows a partially enlarged plan view; including the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the cement mortar 61, the crack-proof net or the crack-proof fiber 531, the self-tapping screw 502 or the gas steel nail 515 , the wall 66 is filled. 11-3 shows a partially enlarged cross-sectional view; including all rib expansion nets 54, cement mortar 61, anti-cracking net or anti-cracking fiber 531, self-tapping screws 502 / or gas steel nails 515, filling wall 66 . Figure 11-4 shows a schematic view of a wall of a pull rod 42 provided with a lateral force on the other side of the column having a skin effect structure wall 621; the main column 21, the small column 22, and the wall body The wall post 23 has a skin effect structure wall surface 621 on one side, a pull rod 42 having lateral force resistance, and an insulating layer 65. 11-5 shows a partially enlarged plan view; including the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the cement mortar 61, the crack-proof net or the crack-proof fiber 531, the self-tapping screw 502 or the gas steel nail 515 The wall 66, the lateral force-resisting rod 42 and the insulating layer 65 are filled. 11-6 shows a partially enlarged cross-sectional view; including all rib expansion nets 54, cement mortar 61, anti-cracking net or anti-cracking fiber 531, self-tapping screws 502 / or gas steel nails 515, filling wall 66 The anti-lateral force rod 42 and the insulating layer 65.
請參閱圖12示出的是本發明具有蒙皮效應結構牆體加強固定墊片517示意圖。所述圖12-1所示的是加強固定墊片517配置立面示意圖;包括 所述結構主柱21、小柱22、有筋擴張網54、加強固定墊片517。所述圖12-2所示的是加強固定墊片517剖面示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、小柱22、有筋擴張網54、加強固定墊片517、水泥砂漿61、防裂網或防裂纖維531。 Referring to FIG. 12, there is shown a schematic view of a wall-reinforced reinforcing spacer 517 having a skin effect structure of the present invention. FIG. 12-1 is a schematic view showing the configuration of the reinforcing fixing pad 517; The structure main column 21, the small column 22, the rib expanded net 54, and the reinforcing fixing pad 517. 12-2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the reinforcing fixed gasket 517; including the structural main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforcing fixed gasket 517, the cement mortar 61, the crack prevention net or Crack-proof fiber 531.
請參閱圖13示出的是本發明有筋擴張網拉結式牆體64示意圖。所述圖13-1所示的是有筋擴張網拉結式牆體64平面示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、小柱22、有筋擴張網54、有筋擴張網網骨541、牆體拉結件67、填充牆體66、水泥砂漿61。所述圖13-2所示的是有筋擴張網拉結式牆體64透視示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、小柱22、有筋擴張網54、有筋擴張網網骨541、牆體拉結件67、填充牆體66、水泥砂漿61。所述圖13-3所示的是有筋擴張網拉結式牆體64剖面示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、小柱22、有筋擴張網54、有筋擴張網網骨541、牆體拉結件67、填充牆體66、水泥砂漿61。 Referring to Figure 13, there is shown a schematic view of a ribbed expanded mesh wall 64 of the present invention. Figure 13-1 is a schematic plan view of a ribbed expanded mesh wall 64; including the structural main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforced mesh 541, the wall The body drawing member 67, the filling wall 66, and the cement mortar 61. Figure 13-2 shows a schematic perspective view of the ribbed expanded mesh wall 64; including the structural main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforced mesh 541, the wall The body drawing member 67, the filling wall 66, and the cement mortar 61. 13-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a ribbed expanded mesh wall 64; including the main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforced mesh 541, and the wall. The body drawing member 67, the filling wall 66, and the cement mortar 61.
請參閱圖14示出的是本發明結構主柱外側設置加強部件24示意圖。所述圖14-1所示的是結構主柱外側設置加強部件24配置示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、加強部件24、樑1。所述圖14-2所示的是混凝土柱215加強部件示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、樑1、鋼筋516、箍筋506、混凝土60。 Referring to Figure 14, there is shown a schematic view of the reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure of the present invention. 14-1 is a schematic view showing the arrangement of the reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure; including the structural main column 21, the reinforcing member 24, and the beam 1. 14-2 is a schematic view of a reinforcing member of a concrete column 215; including the structural main column 21, the beam 1, the reinforcing bar 516, the stirrup 506, and the concrete 60.
所述圖14-3所示的是鋼柱214加強部件示意圖;包括所述結構主柱21、樑1、鋼柱214、混凝土或水泥砂漿601。 14-3 is a schematic view of a reinforcing member of the steel column 214; including the structural main column 21, the beam 1, the steel column 214, the concrete or the cement mortar 601.
以上所述,僅是本發明的較佳實施例而已,並非對本發明作任何形式上的限制,雖然本發明已以較佳實施例揭露如上,然而並非用以限定本發明,任何熟悉本專業的技術人員,在不脫離本發明技術方案範圍內,當可利用上述揭示的技術內容作出些許更動或修飾為等同變化的等效實施例,但凡是未脫離本發明技術方案的內容,依據本發明的技術實質對以上實施例所作的任何簡單修改、等同變化與修飾,均仍屬於本發明技術方案的範圍內。 The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Although the present invention has been disclosed in the above preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention. A person skilled in the art can make some modifications or modifications to equivalent embodiments by using the above-disclosed technical contents without departing from the technical scope of the present invention. It is still within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention to make any simple modifications, equivalent changes and modifications to the above embodiments.

Claims (29)

  1. 一種雙向連續雙樑所構成的三維輕鋼構架,其包括樑、檁條或桁條、柱、牆體、樓板和/或屋頂、具有抗側向力的斜撐和/或拉杆,其特徵在於,其中所述的樑為連續雙樑,所述的連續雙樑由結構相同或不相同的連續單樑組合而成,所述的連續單樑分別設置在所述柱的外緣的兩側,所述的連續單樑與所述的柱在交叉連接處保持連續不間斷,所述的連續單樑進一步採用單樑續接,所述的單樑續接為單樑重疊續接;所述的樓板全部或部分可選擇為強化輕型複合樓板。 A three-dimensional lightweight steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam, comprising a beam, a stringer or a stringer, a column, a wall, a floor and/or a roof, a bracing and/or a tie rod having lateral forces, wherein Wherein the beam is a continuous double beam, and the continuous double beam is formed by a combination of continuous single beams having the same or different structures, and the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column. The continuous single beam and the column are continuously continuous at the intersection, the continuous single beam is further spliced by a single beam, and the single beam is continuously connected to a single beam; the floor is All or part of it can be selected as a reinforced lightweight composite floor.
  2. 如請求項1所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中:所述的柱包括結構主柱、小柱、砌塊牆體中配置的牆體補強柱、設於桁架樑中的柱、設於所述的柱與柱之間的斜撐、設於所述桁架樑中的桁架樑立柱,和/或設於所述桁架樑中的桁架樑斜撐;所述的樑包括水準樑、斜樑、桁架樑上弦樑和/或桁架樑下弦樑,和/或地樑;所述的連續單樑由選自L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼、平板形型鋼、單片桁架樑中的一種或多種構成;所述的檁條或桁條選自C形型鋼、Z形型鋼和/或單片桁架樑的一種或多種構成;所述的單片桁架樑包括上弦樑、下弦樑、具有抗剪力的斜撐,所述上弦樑和/或下弦樑採用L形型鋼,所述具有抗剪力的斜撐由L形型鋼和/或平板形型鋼和/或圓形型鋼組成;所述的柱由C形型鋼、開口方形型鋼、彎折方形型鋼、方形型鋼中一種或多種構成,所述開口方形型鋼進一步於開口方形型鋼之間灌注混凝土和/或水泥砂漿;所述的彎折方形型鋼包括鋼板冷彎滾壓的方形、以及鋼板兩端於方形轉角扣合處成90度的卷邊,所述兩端的卷邊各自採用拉釘間隔適當的距離拉合; 所述的連續單樑在樑腹板處設置的緊鎖連接孔與所述柱兩側各設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 1, wherein: the column comprises a structural main column, a small column, a wall reinforcing column disposed in the block wall body, and is disposed in the truss beam a column, a bracing disposed between the column and the column, a truss beam column disposed in the truss beam, and/or a truss beam struts disposed in the truss beam; the beam including a level Beam, oblique beam, truss beam upper chord and/or truss beam lower chord, and/or ground beam; said continuous single beam is selected from the group consisting of L-shaped steel, C-shaped steel, Z-shaped steel, flat steel, single piece One or more of the truss beams; the stringers or beams are selected from one or more of a C-shaped steel, a Z-shaped steel, and/or a single-piece truss beam; the single-piece truss beam includes an upper chord and a lower chord a beam, a shearing support having an anti-shear force, the upper and/or lower chords adopting an L-shaped steel, and the shear-resistant struts are composed of an L-shaped steel and/or a flat steel and/or a circular steel. The column is composed of one or more of a C-shaped steel, an open square steel, a bent square steel, and a square steel. The open square steel further injects concrete and/or cement mortar between the open square steels; the bent square steel includes a square shape of the cold rolled steel plate, and a roll of 90 degrees at both ends of the steel plate at the square corner buckle. The curling edges of the two ends are respectively pulled by a suitable distance between the nails; The locking single connecting hole of the continuous single beam at the beam web is connected with the locking connecting hole provided on each side of the column by a bolt.
  3. 如請求項2所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼、開口方形型鋼進一步設有卷邊;所述的C形型鋼、Z形型鋼上下緣翼板的寬度相同或不同;所述L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼、開口方形鋼、彎折方形型鋼、平板形型鋼優選為採用鍍鋅鋼卷裁切和/或冷灣滾壓成型。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 2, wherein the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, and the open square steel are further provided with a bead; the C-shaped steel, The widths of the upper and lower edge flaps of the Z-shaped steel are the same or different; the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, the open square steel, the bent square steel, the flat steel are preferably cut by a galvanized steel coil and/or Or cold bay rolling molding.
  4. 如請求項1所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的樓板全部或局部為強化輕型複合樓板,所述的強化輕型複合樓板包括輕型複合樓板、檁條或桁條、具有抗側向力的拉杆和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板,各元件以連接件結合成為一體,所述的輕型複合樓板設於檁條或桁條上方,具有抗側向力的拉杆和/或鋼網水泥砂漿天花板設於檁條或桁條下方。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 1, wherein the floor slab is wholly or partially reinforced lightweight composite slab, and the reinforced lightweight composite slab comprises a light composite slab, a purlin or a purlin, having The lateral force-resistant tie rod and/or the stencil cement mortar ceiling, the components are integrated by a connecting piece, the light composite floor board is arranged above the purlin or the purlin, and has a lateral force-resistant tie rod and/or steel mesh. The cement mortar ceiling is placed under the purlin or purlin.
  5. 如請求項4所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中:所述的輕型複合樓板包括樓承板,所述的樓承板為波浪形壓型鋼板或折疊形壓型鋼板,其厚度為0.2毫米-1.0毫米;所述壓型鋼板溝槽深度為30毫米-50毫米;所述壓型鋼板灌注混凝土和/或水泥砂漿;所述混凝土和/或水泥砂漿內置防裂網或防裂纖維;所述混凝土和/或水泥砂漿的厚度為壓型鋼板波浪頂部50毫米以內;所述壓型鋼板以連接件與所述的檁條結合,所述連接件包括自攻螺絲、套管和/或承壓墊片,所述套管與自攻螺絲緊密貼合,所述套管進一步採用端部擴張套管,所述端部擴張套管一端或兩端擴張形成承壓墊片;所述檁條或桁條的間隔小於180釐米;所述的具有抗側向力的拉杆拉緊樓板單一對角/或雙對角, 所述的拉杆優為帶鋼,所述帶鋼以連接件與所述的檁條結合,所述連接件為自攻螺絲;所述的鋼網水泥砂漿天花板包括鋼網,所述的鋼網為有筋擴張網;所述有筋擴張網具有有筋擴張網網骨與擴張網面,所述有筋擴張網以連接件與所述的檁條或桁條結合;所述的連接件為自攻螺絲和/或氣鋼釘,所述的水泥砂漿內置防裂網或防裂纖維。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 4, wherein: the light composite floor slab comprises a floor slab, and the floor slab is a wave-shaped profiled steel plate or a folded profiled steel plate. The thickness of the profiled steel plate is from 30 mm to 50 mm; the profiled steel plate is poured with concrete and/or cement mortar; the concrete and/or cement mortar is built with a crack-proof net or a crack-proof fiber; the concrete and/or cement mortar has a thickness within 50 mm of the wave top of the profiled steel plate; the profiled steel plate is joined with the stringer by a connecting member, the connecting member comprises a self-tapping screw and a sleeve And/or a pressure-bearing gasket, the sleeve is in close contact with the self-tapping screw, the sleeve further adopting an end expansion sleeve, and the end expansion sleeve is expanded at one end or both ends to form a pressure bearing gasket; The rafters or beams are spaced apart by less than 180 cm; the tie rods having lateral forces are tensioned to a single diagonal or double diagonal, Preferably, the tie rod is a strip steel, the strip is combined with the stringer by a connecting member, the connecting member is a self-tapping screw; the steel mesh cement mortar ceiling comprises a steel mesh, and the steel mesh is a reinforced mesh having a rib expanded net and an expanded mesh, the reinforced expanded mesh being joined with the rafter or purlin by a connecting member; the connecting member is self-tapping Screws and/or gas steel nails, the cement mortar is built with anti-cracking nets or crack-proof fibers.
  6. 如請求項1至5中任一請求項所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的連續單樑為L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼製成,所述的連續單樑為嵌入式連續單樑,所述的嵌入式連續單樑為L形型鋼、C形型鋼、Z形型鋼的上下緣於所述柱兩邊線以內處切除嵌入,所述的嵌入式連續單樑於腹板處設置緊鎖連接孔與柱設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓連接。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the continuous single beam is made of an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, or a Z-shaped steel, the The continuous single beam is an embedded continuous single beam, and the embedded continuous single beam is an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, and the upper and lower edges of the Z-shaped steel are cut and embedded within the two sides of the column, and the embedded continuous The single beam is provided with a locking connection hole at the web and a locking connection hole provided by the column to be bolted.
  7. 如請求項2所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的雙向連續雙樑所構成的三維度輕鋼構架結構進一步設有一種或多種加強結構。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 2, wherein the three-dimensional continuous steel frame structure formed by the two-way continuous double beam is further provided with one or more reinforcing structures.
  8. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的桁架樑的下弦樑進一步採用開口方形型鋼,所述開口方形型鋼開口向上,與所述設於桁架樑中的柱及桁架樑斜撐交疊處鋼板切除,所述開口方形型鋼兩側鋼板設置緊鎖連接孔與所述桁架樑中的柱及桁架樑斜撐設置的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓連接。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the lower chord of the truss beam further adopts an open square steel, the open square steel opening is upward, and the shank is disposed in the truss beam. The steel plate is cut off at the overlap of the column and the truss girder. The steel plate on both sides of the open square steel is provided with a locking connection hole and a locking connection hole provided by the column and the truss girder in the truss beam to be bolted.
  9. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在加工時於樑和柱中心線交叉點於樑和柱設置定位孔,所述的定位孔以螺栓或鋼棒作假固定。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with positioning holes at the intersection of the beam and the column center line at the beam and the column during processing, and the positioning hole is Bolts or steel bars are fixed.
  10. 如請求項7或8所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在雙樑之間、和/或在所述的柱的空腔之間、和/或在所述的桁架樑下弦樑的開口方形型鋼的空腔間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿。 A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed of a bidirectional continuous double beam as claimed in claim 7 or 8, wherein the reinforcing structure is between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or Concrete or cement mortar is poured between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord of the truss beam.
  11. 如請求項10所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在構架校正後在螺栓緊鎖件週邊以自攻螺絲鎖定作假固定,所述的自攻螺絲於所述的雙樑之間、和/或在所述的柱的空腔之間、和/或在所述的桁架樑下弦樑的開口方形型鋼的空腔間灌注混凝土和/或水泥砂漿後移除或保留。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 10, wherein the reinforcing structure is fixed by a self-tapping screw locking around the bolt locking member after the frame is corrected, and the self-tapping screw is Pour concrete and/or cement mortar back between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord of the truss girder Save or retain.
  12. 如請求項10所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在所述雙樑之間、和/或在所述的柱的空腔之間、和/或在所述的桁架樑下弦樑的開口方形型鋼的空腔間設置用於加強結構強度的鋼構件,並灌注混凝土/或水泥砂漿,所述的鋼構件為鋼棒、或箍筋、或預應力鋼線。 A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed of the bidirectional continuous double beam of claim 10, wherein the reinforcing structure is between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or Providing a steel member for reinforcing the structural strength between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord beam of the truss beam, and injecting concrete/or cement mortar, the steel member being a steel rod, or stirrup, or prestressing Steel wire.
  13. 如請求項12的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的箍筋選自方型箍筋、圓形箍筋/或螺旋形箍筋/或圓形鋼網,所述的預應力鋼線進一步為預應力鋼線加預應力鋼線。 A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of claim 12, wherein the stirrup is selected from the group consisting of a square stirrup, a circular stirrup/or a spiral stirrup/or a circular steel mesh, the pre-predetermined The stress steel wire is further prestressed steel wire plus prestressed steel wire.
  14. 如請求項12的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的鋼棒、或箍筋、預應力鋼線穿過所述的柱。 A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed of a bidirectional continuous double beam of claim 12, wherein the steel rod, or stirrup, prestressed steel wire passes through the column.
  15. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在樑或柱緊鎖連接孔週邊設置用於補強的增厚鋼板,所述的增厚鋼板採用外加鋼板以鉚接和/或無鉚接和/或焊接方式與所述的樑或柱接合。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with a thickened steel plate for reinforcement around a beam or a column locking connection hole, and the thickened steel plate is adopted. The additional steel plate is joined to the beam or column by riveting and/or without riveting and/or welding.
  16. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在樑緊鎖連接孔週邊衝壓凹槽,所述的衝壓凹槽嵌入所述的柱的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖連接,所述柱的緊鎖連接孔直徑大於所述樑緊鎖連接孔週邊衝壓凹槽。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is a punching groove around the beam locking connection hole, and the punching groove is embedded in the locking of the column The connecting holes are connected by bolts, and the diameter of the locking connecting holes of the column is larger than the punching groove around the beam locking connecting holes.
  17. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在雙樑外側疊加構件加強,所述的疊加構件為L形型鋼、U形型鋼、C形型鋼、平板形型鋼、方形型鋼和/或方木。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is reinforced by a superimposed member on the outer side of the double beam, and the superposed member is an L-shaped steel, a U-shaped steel, or a C-shaped steel. , flat profile steel, square steel and / or square wood.
  18. 如請求項17所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的在雙樑外側疊加構件加強是在所述的雙樑與所述的外側疊加構件之間增設熱傳導絕緣墊片。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 17, wherein the superimposing member reinforcement on the outer side of the double beam is to add a heat conductive insulating gasket between the double beam and the outer superposed member. .
  19. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在所述的柱的週邊以點焊鋼絲網和/或編織鋼絲網和/或擴張鋼絲網包裹,並與所述砌塊牆體間用水泥砂漿結合。 A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is wrapped around a wire mesh and/or a woven wire mesh and/or a expanded wire mesh around the periphery of the column. And combined with cement mortar between the block walls.
  20. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是採用設有螺栓加強墊片的一體定位鋼架以精確定位柱腳預埋螺栓,所述的一體定位鋼架包括角馬、螺栓加強墊片、預埋螺栓定位C形型鋼、預埋螺、防拉拔螺母,所述的柱腳預埋螺栓通過角馬與柱腳連接,所述設有螺栓加強墊片的一體定位鋼架優選為採用C形型鋼組構而成,所述的C形型鋼開口向上,並於開口端部進一步設置卷邊,所述的C形型鋼設置預埋螺栓孔,所述螺栓加強墊片設置於所述C形型鋼預埋螺栓孔上方,所述螺栓加強墊片設置螺栓定位連接孔,所述的預埋螺栓固定後再灌注混凝土,所述的柱腳置於所述的設有螺栓加強墊片的一體定位鋼架之上。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure adopts an integral positioning steel frame provided with a bolt reinforcing spacer to accurately position the column foot embedded bolt, and the integrated body The positioning steel frame comprises an angle horse, a bolt reinforcing gasket, a pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel, a pre-embedded screw, and an anti-drawn nut, wherein the column foot pre-embedded bolt is connected with the column foot through an angle horse, and the bolt is provided The integral positioning steel frame of the reinforcing gasket is preferably formed by adopting a C-shaped steel structure, the C-shaped steel opening is upward, and a bead is further provided at the open end, and the C-shaped steel is provided with a pre-embedded bolt hole. The bolt reinforcing gasket is disposed above the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole, the bolt reinforcing gasket is provided with a bolt positioning connecting hole, and the embedded bolt is fixed and then poured into the concrete, and the pillar is placed The above-mentioned integrally positioned steel frame is provided with a bolt reinforcing gasket.
  21. 如請求項20所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的預埋螺栓進一步於所述螺栓加強墊片下方/或所述C形型鋼預埋螺栓孔下方鎖上防拉拔螺母。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 20, wherein the embedded bolt is further locked under the bolt reinforcing gasket or below the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole Pull the nut.
  22. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在所述結構主柱外側設置加強部件,所述加強部件包括包裹結構主柱 外側的鋼柱或鋼筋混凝柱,所述的鋼柱或鋼筋混凝土柱於樑柱交叉節點中斷和/或連續,所述鋼柱與所述結構主柱間灌注混凝土或水泥砂漿。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with a reinforcing member outside the main column of the structure, and the reinforcing member comprises a main column of the wrapping structure. An outer steel column or a reinforced concrete column, the steel column or reinforced concrete column is interrupted and/or continuous at the beam-column intersection, and the steel column and the structural main column are filled with concrete or cement mortar.
  23. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在連續雙樑間設置預製混凝土牆板或預製輕質混凝土牆板或預製中空混凝土牆板。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with precast concrete wall panels or prefabricated lightweight concrete wall panels or prefabricated hollow concrete wall panels between the continuous double beams.
  24. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在全部或局部柱與柱之間設置複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體,所述複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體包括所述的柱,和/或所述的柱兩側設置具有蒙皮效應結構牆體,或柱一側設置具有蒙皮效應結構牆體,另一側設置具有抗側向力的拉杆的牆體,所述的柱包括結構主柱、和/或小柱、和/或砌塊、和/或填充牆體中配置的補強柱,所述具有蒙皮效應結構牆體包括有筋擴張網、水泥砂漿和固定件。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is a composite wall having a skin effect structure between all or part of the column and the column, the composite having The skin effect structure wall comprises the column, and/or the wall is provided with a skin effect structure on both sides of the column, or a wall having a skin effect structure is disposed on one side of the column, and the other side is provided with an anti-side a wall of a force pull rod, the column comprising a structural main column, and/or a small column, and/or a block, and/or a reinforcing column disposed in the infill wall, the skin having a skin effect structure Includes reinforced mesh, cement mortar and fixtures.
  25. 如請求項24所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的有筋擴張網由有筋擴張網網骨和擴張網面組成,所述的有筋擴張網通過所述的固定件固定於柱和加強龍骨上,所述的固定件為自攻螺絲或氣鋼釘;所述的具有抗側向力的拉杆優選為帶鋼。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 24, wherein the reinforced expanded mesh is composed of a reinforced expanded mesh and an expanded mesh, and the reinforced expanded mesh passes through The fixing member is fixed on the column and the reinforcing keel, and the fixing member is a self-tapping screw or a gas steel nail; and the pulling rod having the lateral force resistance is preferably a steel strip.
  26. 如請求項25所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的複合式具有蒙皮效應結構牆體進一步設有加強部件,所述的加強部件包括加強固定墊片和防裂設施,所述的加強固定墊片密貼在所述的有筋擴張網網骨內作為所述氣鋼釘固定座;所述的加強固定墊片材質優選為硬質塑膠;所述的防裂設施為在水泥砂漿層內置玻璃纖維網、或金屬點焊網、和/或纖維混凝土所添加的纖維。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 25, wherein the composite wall having a skin effect structure is further provided with a reinforcing member, the reinforcing member comprising a reinforcing fixing gasket and a crack preventing In the facility, the reinforcing fixing gasket is closely attached to the reinforced mesh neck as the gas nail fixing seat; the reinforcing fixing gasket material is preferably a hard plastic; the crack prevention facility A fiber added to a fiberglass mesh, or a metal spot welded wire, and/or fiber concrete in a cement mortar layer.
  27. 如請求項7所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構是在柱與柱之間設置有筋擴張鋼網拉結式牆體,所述的有筋擴張鋼網拉 結式牆體包括結構主柱、小柱、填充牆體或填充牆體中配置的補強柱、設於樑與柱間的具有抗側向力的斜撐、有筋擴張網、牆體拉結件、或絕緣層、或有筋擴張網網骨牆外側的支撐構件,其中所述的有筋擴張網設置於結構主柱、小柱、填充牆體中配置的補強柱兩側,所述一側的有筋擴張網通過固定件固定於所述的柱,所述的固定件為自攻螺絲/或氣鋼釘;其中所述的填充牆體設置於有筋擴張網之間,其中所述的絕緣層設置於有筋擴張網內側,所述的有筋擴張網具有有筋擴張網網骨與擴張網面,所述的牆體拉結件為鋼線或塑膠線,所述牆體拉結件拉結有筋擴張網的有筋擴張網網骨或置於有筋擴張網外側與有筋擴張網網骨垂直的支撐構件,所述的有筋擴張網外側與有筋擴張網網骨的支撐構件於所述填充層完成後保留和/或撤除,所述填充層為建渣或土或草或混凝土或輕質混凝土。 A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with a rib-expanded steel mesh tying wall between the column and the column, and the ribbed expanded steel Net pull The knot wall includes a structural main column, a small column, a reinforcing column arranged in the infill wall or the infill wall, a diagonal bracing disposed between the beam and the column, a reinforced mesh, and a wall pull knot a member, or an insulating layer, or a support member outside the reinforced mesh wall, wherein the reinforced mesh is disposed on both sides of the reinforcing column disposed in the main column, the small column and the filling wall of the structure, the The side ribbed expansion mesh is fixed to the column by a fixing member, the fixing member is a self-tapping screw/or a gas steel nail; wherein the filling wall is disposed between the reinforced mesh, wherein the The insulating layer is disposed on the inner side of the ribbed expanded net, and the ribbed expanded net has a rib expanded net mesh and an expanded mesh surface, and the wall pulling member is a steel wire or a plastic wire, and the wall pulls The ligated expanded mesh reticle with a reinforced mesh or a support member placed on the outside of the reinforced mesh and perpendicular to the reinforced mesh reticle, the ribbed expanded mesh and the reinforced expanded mesh Supporting members are retained and/or removed after completion of the filling layer, the filling layer being slag or soil or Or concrete or lightweight concrete.
  28. 如請求項7或26所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的加強結構為彎折鎖定的拉杆,所述的拉杆設置於柱的一側和/或兩側,所述的拉杆優選為帶鋼,所述的帶鋼上端設置緊鎖連接孔與柱的緊鎖連接孔以螺栓緊鎖,所述的帶鋼下端設置拉緊孔,所述帶鋼下端折彎90度與所述柱於設置抗側向力拉杆一側和/或所述柱另一側分別以自攻螺絲固定。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7 or 26, wherein the reinforcing structure is a bent and locked pull rod, and the pull rod is disposed on one side and/or both sides of the column. The pull rod is preferably a strip steel, and the upper end of the strip is provided with a locking connection hole of the locking connecting hole and the column to be tightly locked by a bolt, and the lower end of the strip is provided with a tightening hole, and the lower end of the strip is bent 90 And the column is fixed with a self-tapping screw on one side of the anti-lateral force rod and/or the other side of the column, respectively.
  29. 如請求項2所述的雙向連續雙樑構成的三維輕鋼構架,其中所述的地樑由連續雙樑採用相同的連續單樑組合而成,所述的連續單樑採用單片桁架樑,所述單片桁架樑包括上弦樑、下弦樑、具有抗剪力的斜撐,所述上弦樑和/或下弦樑為L形型鋼,所述具有抗剪力的斜撐由L形型鋼和/或平板形型鋼和/或圓形型鋼組成。 The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 2, wherein the ground beam is formed by combining the continuous double beams with the same continuous single beam, and the continuous single beam adopts a single piece of truss beam. The monolithic truss beam comprises an upper chord, a lower chord, a diagonal strut with shear resistance, the upper chord and/or the lower chord are L-shaped steel, and the shear bracing is made of L-shaped steel and/or Or consist of flat steel and / or round steel.
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