TWI632272B - Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams - Google Patents

Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI632272B
TWI632272B TW104102603A TW104102603A TWI632272B TW I632272 B TWI632272 B TW I632272B TW 104102603 A TW104102603 A TW 104102603A TW 104102603 A TW104102603 A TW 104102603A TW I632272 B TWI632272 B TW I632272B
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
steel
column
reinforcing
mesh
continuous
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Application number
TW104102603A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201608086A (en
Inventor
謝英俊
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謝英俊
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Publication date
Priority to CN201410035766.3A priority Critical patent/CN103790231A/en
Application filed by 謝英俊 filed Critical 謝英俊
Publication of TW201608086A publication Critical patent/TW201608086A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI632272B publication Critical patent/TWI632272B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/065Light-weight girders, e.g. with precast parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/28Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of other material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/30Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts being composed of two or more materials; Composite steel and concrete constructions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
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    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • E04B5/40Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element with metal form-slabs
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    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/20Roofs consisting of self-supporting slabs, e.g. able to be loaded
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    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
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    • E04C3/08Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with apertured web, e.g. with a web consisting of bar-like components; Honeycomb girders
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    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
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    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/34Columns; Pillars; Struts of concrete other stone-like material, with or without permanent form elements, with or without internal or external reinforcement, e.g. metal coverings
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    • E04C3/36Columns; Pillars; Struts of materials not covered by groups E04C3/32 or E04C3/34; of a combination of two or more materials
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    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/0636Three-dimensional reinforcing mats composed of reinforcing elements laying in two or more parallel planes and connected by separate reinforcing parts
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    • E04C5/16Auxiliary parts for reinforcements, e.g. connectors, spacers, stirrups
    • E04C5/162Connectors or means for connecting parts for reinforcements
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    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
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    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/845Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising a wire netting, lattice or the like
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    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/847Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising an insulating foam panel
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    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8658Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms using wire netting, a lattice or the like as form leaves
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    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
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    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
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    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
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    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
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    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
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    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
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    • E04B2001/2496Shear bracing therefor
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    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
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    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
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    • E04C2003/0408Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section
    • E04C2003/0413Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section being built up from several parts
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    • E04C3/29Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures
    • E04C3/293Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being steel and concrete
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    • E04C3/293Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being steel and concrete
    • E04C3/294Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being steel and concrete of concrete combined with a girder-like structure extending laterally outside the element

Abstract

The invention provides a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam, which comprises a beam, a stringer or stringer, a column, a wall, a floor, and/or a roof, a bracing and/or tie rod having lateral force resistance, wherein the beam is a continuous double beam, and the continuous double beam is Continuous single beams of the same or different structure are combined, the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column, and the continuous single beam and the column are continuously continuous at the intersection Intermittent; all or part of the slab may be selected as a reinforced lightweight composite slab. The invention simplifies the production of the light steel component and has small investment in the production equipment; the bolting is fixed by the bolt, and the local installation is simplified, thereby being more practical.

Description

Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams

PRIORITY CLAIM OF THE INVENTION The present application claims priority to U.S. Patent No. 201410035766.3, entitled "S. s. in.

The invention relates to the field of light steel construction, in particular to a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam for light steel construction.

Light steel buildings using light steel roof trusses have entered a period of rapid development in China and have been widely used in industrial buildings. Light steel houses have become a new field and a new growth point for light steel structure applications. At present, the cost of light steel construction is generally higher than that of traditional concrete structures, but it has competitive advantages such as fast construction, energy saving and emission reduction. More and more construction units have recognized the superiority of light steel structures and have gradually become the preferred structural form for industrial buildings, and have also been widely used in low-rise civil buildings.

Light steel construction using light steel roof trusses has significant improvements in terms of architectural design, structural design, and fabrication and installation techniques. Currently used light steel roof truss structural beams, structural columns, etc. are generally connected by means of docking (such as fixed or hinged). Since a large number of structural beams, structural columns, and the like are used in the light steel roof truss of the present structure, the jointing method causes a complicated joining process and at the same time, a serious error accumulation occurs. The inventor filed on August 20, 2009, the patent number is 200920171128.9, and the utility model patent entitled "Light steel roof truss with continuous double beam structure". However, the patent still has the following deficiencies: the patent does not cover the floor, roof, and strong Lightweight composite floor slabs, anti-lateral force rods and other components cannot form a complete three-dimensional light steel structure. The continuous double beams do not define the relationship between two-way continuous double beams, and the three-dimensional frame assembly is difficult, individual components and the overall structure. Insufficient structural strength. In addition, the continuous double beam in this patent cannot meet the requirements of different sections according to different stress conditions, resulting in waste of material use. The continuous double beam can not adopt different single beam combination lacking flexibility according to different requirements; the roof truss and The connection between the trusses adopts a continuous double-beam overlapping combination, and the continuous double-beam connecting members are too long to cause difficulty in assembling the frame, and the two-way continuous double-beam overlapping combination causes space waste, and causes uneven stress on the column and beam joints. .

The use of distributed components to assemble light steel (such as cold-formed thin-walled steel) on site is to fix individual steel frame columns or steel frame braces to the pre-embedded anchor bolts. The number of steel frame columns and braces Large, the position of the embedded anchor bolt fixing parts needs to be measured and positioned on site, so the pre-buried process is very complicated, and the accuracy of the position of these pre-embedded anchor bolt fixing joints is difficult to grasp, and the positioning is actually constructed. The process is quite time consuming and laborious. The inventor's patent number ZL200920158989.3, entitled "Integrated Positioning Steel Frame for Light Steel Construction", which was submitted on June 30, 2009, solves the above problems, but has the following disadvantages: The embedded bolt fixing connector is only fixed at one point of the bottom of the integrated positioning steel frame member, can not maintain vertical, and is easily loosened during construction. At the same time, the embedded bolt must be assembled and locked after the foundation concrete reaches a certain strength. Steel frame.

Square steel parts commonly used in the field of light steel construction are generally square steel tubes or butt welded with two C-shaped steels. The bolt holes of the closed square steel pipe connected with other components can only be processed by drilling or flame cutting, and cannot be punched by punching, which leads to high processing cost; the closed square steel pipe cannot be joined with other components by using the locking high-tension bolt. Thereby greatly reducing the bearing capacity of the joint. In order to prevent rust, galvanization is generally performed after the processing of the square steel pipe is completed, which results in high production cost. For example, C-beam butt welding with two galvanized steel sheets is formed by roll forming. The work method will destroy the rust-proof layer of the galvanized steel sheet. The invention patent of the patent no. 201010216616.4 entitled "Square Light Steel Member with Reinforcing Parts" was filed by the inventor on June 30, 2010. The above problem is solved, but the following technical deficiencies still exist: When the inner cavity of the square steel pipe is filled with concrete or cement mortar, the compressive strength of the cross section of the column is far greater than the overall pressure bearing capacity of the column determined by the slenderness ratio of the square steel pipe column, that is, The reinforcing member does not function because the concrete or cement mortar does not reach the pressure resistance, so the reinforcing member is not necessary, and the square light steel member provided with the reinforcing member cannot be buckled during transportation, which wastes transportation space. And transportation costs.

In order to reduce the weight of the floor and to enhance the waterproofness and fire prevention of the floor, the inventor's application number entitled "Light Composite Floor" submitted by the inventor on February 4, 2013 solves the above problem, but the technical solution of the patent In actual use, there are also the following defects: the "light composite floor slab" described in the patent mainly reduces the thickness of the slab and reduces the weight of the slab, but reduces the thickness of the slab so that the slab is frustrated when subjected to lateral pressure, thereby reducing the slab at three Dimensions The ability of a complete architectural structure to deliver horizontal forces.

In the light steel structure, the wall keel and the wall are properly strengthened and combined to achieve the skin effect. The patent number submitted by the inventor on April 14, 2009 is ZL 2009 2 0147815.7. The invention patent of the wall with the skin effect structure, the patent number 201310664792.8 filed on December 10, 2013, and the name "wall with skin effect" can solve the above problems, but the following also exist Weakness: In the above technical solution, the partition material layer causes the reinforced mesh to be unable to be well joined with the keel, resulting in a one-sided skin effect loss.

In order to achieve safety, energy saving, environmental protection and cost saving, the inventor's patent number ZL201110023291.2 submitted on January 20, 2011 is the invention of "wall with a spliced steel mesh structure". Patents can solve the above problems, but there are also the following weaknesses: The position support member is not stable enough to position the steel mesh and the wall body, and at the same time, it is easy to cause the paint layer to be longitudinally positioned to support the member crack.

In view of the shortcomings of the above-mentioned existing light steel structure, the inventor has actively researched and innovated based on the practical experience and professional knowledge of designing and manufacturing such products for many years, and with the use of academic principles, in order to create a new structure light steel structure. It is possible to improve the existing existing wall to make it more practical. After continuous research, design, and repeated trials of samples and improvements, the invention has finally been created with practical value.

The main object of the present invention is to overcome the defects of the existing light steel building, in particular, the existing housing system of the existing three-dimensional structure of the light steel building in the structure and construction, the investment in the production equipment, the wall and the interior equipment are too complicated. Moreover, it requires a professional construction team to start to work, and the cost is generally higher than that of the traditional brick-concrete structure, which leads to the difficulty in promoting the light industrialized wall building materials in many industrialized and underdeveloped areas, and proposes a new type of two-way continuous The three-dimensional light steel frame composed of double beams is designed to strengthen the structural strength of the light steel frame, so that traditional wet wall structures such as masonry blocks, concrete, soil and other heavy building materials can be used together, steel component production and on-site construction process Simplify and reduce capital investment while allowing non-building professionals to participate in the construction.

Another object of the present invention is to form a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam. The technical problem to be solved is to simplify the structure, meet the standards of safety and environmental protection of the building, and facilitate on-site construction, thereby saving material and cost.

The object of the present invention and solving the technical problems thereof are achieved by the following technical solutions.

Definition: "Continuous double beam" means that the continuous double beam is composed of continuous single beams of the same or different structure, and the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column. Continuous The single beam and the column are continuously uninterrupted at the intersection; and the connection between the truss and the truss is also cross-bonded by a continuous single beam and the column, and the single beam and the column at the joint are not cut off or uninterrupted. In the prior art, the beam or column is cut off at the intersection of the beam and the column.

The meaning of "embedded continuous single beam" means that the upper and lower edges of the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, and the Z-shaped steel are cut and embedded within the two sides of the column, and the embedded single beam is disposed at the web. The locking connection hole is bolted to the locking connection hole provided by the column, so that the beam is uninterrupted or not cut off.

"Single beam overlap continuation" means that when a single beam is selected from L-shaped steel, flat steel, and single-piece truss beams, it overlaps at the end of a single beam, and the upper chord web of a single beam and/or a single truss beam and / Or the locking connection hole is arranged at the lower chord web and the locking connection hole provided on each side of the column is tightly connected by bolt; when the single beam is selected from the C-shaped steel and/or the Z-shaped steel, the overlapping continuation is a single The overlapping flaps of the beam ends are cut off, and the locking connection holes are arranged at the single beam webs and the locking connection holes provided on both sides of the column are tightly connected by bolts.

"Single beam connection member is continued" means that a locking connection hole is provided in the connecting member, and a locking connection hole is respectively arranged at the single beam web and a locking connection hole provided on each side of the column is connected by a bolt. The connecting member is an L-shaped steel, a U-shaped steel or a flat steel.

The present invention relates to a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam, comprising beams, beams or beams, columns, slabs (preferably all or part of a reinforced lightweight composite slab), bracings with lateral forces and/or A tie rod, wherein the beam is a continuous double beam, and the continuous double beam is composed of a continuous single beam of the same or different structure; the continuous double beam and the column are successively arranged on both sides of the outer edge of the column Single beam; the continuous single beam and the column remain continuous at the node without interruption.

The invention is further provided with a reinforcing structure. The individual components and the three-dimensional integral structure of the three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the two-way continuous double beam are strengthened, and the component production and on-site installation are simplified; the components can be assembled in parallel to facilitate the component replacement and elastic transfer; The continuous single beam further adopts a single beam continuous connection to solve the assembly problem when all are continuous beams; the steel member is preferably galvanized steel coil cutting and/or cold bay rolling forming, and the member can be rolled once. Compression molding, which is conducive to automated production and the production and on-site installation of the components without welding, without any welds that damage the galvanized layer, can solve the rust problem; the on-site assembly of the components is fixed by bolts, used by non-construction professionals The simple tool can be installed; the continuous double beam and the column are arranged with a continuous single beam on both sides of the outer edge of the column to eliminate the accumulation of errors during the installation process; the individual members are provided with a reinforcing structure to eliminate the installation gap The instability, which in turn reduces construction costs, makes it more practical.

In an embodiment of the invention, the three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of the present invention is provided with a slab and/or a roof (roof), a part of the slab or all of the reinforced lightweight composite slab, and an optional setting has The lateral force-resistant tie rods complete the three-dimensional frame structure. In an embodiment of the invention, the bidirectional continuous double beam is a plane-crossing two-dimensional continuous double beam, wherein the meaning of two-way (ie, two-direction) refers to one direction or a dimension of continuous double beam and the other direction. Or the continuous double beam of the dimension is at the node connected to the column, and the two continuous double beams are overlapped or interspersed to form a mechanism against bending moment, tensile force or pressure resistance.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous double beam is composed of a continuous single beam of the same or different structure, which is advantageous for practical use.

In the general light steel construction, the light steel structure is configured with a large number of the small columns, and the beam and column are difficult to connect. The continuous double beam and the column proposed by the invention are respectively provided with a continuous single beam on both sides of the outer edge of the column, and the continuous single beam and the column are continuously continuous at the node; the error accumulation of the beam continuous connection can be reduced, and the connection node of the beam and beam can be simplified Process.

In an embodiment of the invention, the column includes a structural main column, a small column, a reinforcing column vertically arranged in the block and/or the infill wall, and a column disposed in the truss beam; wherein the structure main column clamp In the middle of a bidirectional continuous double beam, a vertical column of reinforcing columns in a small column, block and/or infill wall Sandwiched between the continuous double beams; preferably, the columns have the same width in one direction, and the columns are combined with the wall reinforcing structure to form a strong anti-lateral force frame.

In an embodiment of the invention, the beam comprises a level beam and/or a diagonal beam, a truss beam upper chord and/or a truss beam lower chord, and/or a ground beam; the ground beam makes the positioning of the column easier, The framework and basic joining process is simplified. In a preferred embodiment, the beam is preferably a double beam formed by combining the same single beam, the single beam adopting a single piece truss beam, the single piece truss beam including the upper chord, the lower chord, and the shear resistance The diagonal bracing of the force, the upper and lower chords are L-shaped steel, and the shearing support is made of L-shaped steel or flat steel or round steel. The ground beam in this embodiment can further replace the ring beam to reduce the cost of construction.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the continuous double beam is composed of a continuous single beam of the same or different structure; the continuous single beam is selected from the group consisting of an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, a Z-shaped steel, a flat steel, and a single One or more of the truss beams; wherein the rafters or beams are one or more of a C-shaped steel, a Z-shaped steel, and/or a single-piece truss beam; the single-piece truss beam includes an upper chord, a lower chord, and a shear-resistant diagonal brace, wherein the upper and/or lower chords are L-shaped steel; the column is formed of one or more of a C-shaped steel, an open square steel, a bent square steel, and a square steel, the open square The section steel is further filled with concrete or cement mortar between the open square sections. In the above solution, continuous single beams, columns and truss beams of different structures can be selected and combined according to actual needs.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam adopts a single-piece truss beam, and the single-piece truss beam includes an upper chord, a lower chord, a truss girder, and a shear strut having shear resistance, and the upper chord and / or the lower chord is made of L-shaped steel, the truss girder and / or the anti-shear bracing is selected from the group consisting of L-shaped steel, flat steel and / or circular steel, the single truss beam can be added The section modulus and/or of the continuous single beam, thereby enhancing the structural force and saving the amount of material, said The single-piece truss beam can intersperse between the double beams of different dimensions, saving space and evenly stressing the column beam joints.

In an embodiment of the invention, the open square steel further injects concrete and/or cement mortar between the open square sections. This embodiment does not require the provision of reinforcing members, while facilitating transportation and saving transportation space.

In an embodiment of the invention, the bent square steel is rolled into a square shape by cold bending of the steel plate, and the two ends of the steel plate are crimped at a 90-degree angle at a square corner joint, and each of the two ends is rolled. The staples are pulled at an appropriate distance. This is beneficial to the use of steel coil cold bay rolling forming processing, and the square steel column can be provided with bolt locking connection holes on all four sides to facilitate the connection with the double beam, which is 90 degree crimping at the square corner buckle. The stability of the end portion of the steel sheet is strengthened, and the two ends of the curling are respectively pulled by a suitable distance between the two ends to maintain the joint of the column without opening.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is provided with a locking connection hole at the beam web and a locking connection hole provided on each side of the column to be tightly connected by a bolt. This simplifies the tight connection of the beam and column, simplifies the machining process and simplifies field assembly techniques.

In an embodiment of the invention, the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, and the open square steel are further provided with a bead. This increases the stability of the end of the steel sheet. Preferably, the widths of the upper and lower edge flaps of the C-shaped steel and the Z-shaped steel are different. Therefore, the width of the lower edge embedded in the fitable column is used as a template, and there is no seam at the time of grouting, and the upper edge thereof is required according to the need. Widening, which increases the tensile strength and thus is more practical.

In an embodiment of the present invention, the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, the open square, the bent square steel, and the flat steel in the above embodiment are preferably cut and/or galvanized steel coils. Cold Bay is rolled and formed. The galvanized steel coil is cut according to the design size and/or cold-rolled, and the processing procedure is simple, and there is no scrap, saving labor cost and material cost, and is beneficial to the automation. Production. Moreover, in the cutting/cold bay rolling forming process, the galvanized layer is not damaged, and no secondary galvanizing process is required, which saves money.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is continuous with a single beam. This facilitates the assembly of the three-dimensional framework as well as the assembly of the continuous single beam overlength members. At the same time, it can meet the requirements of different sections for continuous single beams under different stress conditions and different functional requirements.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is overlapped by a single beam. Where the continuous single beam is selected from the group consisting of an L-shaped steel, a flat steel and/or a single-piece truss beam, the single beam overlap continues to mean the overlapping end of the single beam, the winding of the single beam and/or the single truss beam A locking connection hole is arranged at a web of the web or the lower chord, and a locking connection hole provided at each side of the column is tightly connected by a bolt; wherein the single beam is selected from a C-shaped steel and/or a Z-shaped steel The overlapping continuation is to cut off the overlapping flaps of the overlapping ends of the single beams, and the locking connecting holes are arranged at the webs of the single beams and the locking connecting holes provided on both sides of the column are bolted connection.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is continuous with a connector. Wherein, the connecting member is connected to the connecting member, and the locking connecting hole is respectively provided with the locking connecting hole provided at the web of the single beam and/or the locking connecting hole provided on both sides of the column to be tightly bolted. The lock is connected; the connecting member is preferably a U-shaped steel or a flat steel. This method maintains the structural characteristics of the continuous double beam.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforced lightweight composite floor slab partially or wholly comprises a lightweight composite floor slab, a stringer or a stringer, and a tie rod having a lateral force (preferably a leveling tie rod having an anti-lateral force), And/or stencil cement mortar ceilings are joined together by connectors. The light composite floor slab is placed above the purlin or purlin, and the horizontal pull rod and/or stencil cement mortar ceiling is placed under the purlin or purlin; the light composite slab has a good raft or purlin. The connection makes the light composite floor slab's anti-frustening ability, and the top of the purlin or the rafter also has good lateral restraint, thereby improving its anti-frustration ability, and the rafter or purlin is provided with anti-lateral force. Tie rod and / or stencil cement mortar ceiling, and with the purlin or The stringers have connections that provide good lateral restraint underneath the stringers or stringers, thereby increasing their resistance to frustration. At the same time, the anti-frustration ability of the stencil cement mortar ceiling is enhanced, thereby further improving the ability of the three-dimensional complete frame to transmit the leveling force.

In an embodiment of the invention, the preferred thickness of the lightweight composite floor is about 50 mm above the height of the wave top of the profiled steel sheet. According to the norms and general habits, the thickness of the concrete and/or cement mortar must be more than 50 mm above the wave top of the profiled steel plate, and a steel bar or spot welded steel mesh is required. The main bearing capacity of the lightweight composite floor in the present scheme comes from the profiled steel plate, and the poured concrete and/or cement mortar mainly provides the lateral binding force of the upper edge of the groove of the corrugated or folded profiled steel plate and the lower edge of the steel plate. Moreover, the bearing capacity is increased, so that it is not necessary to provide reinforcing steel or spot welded steel mesh in the concrete and/or cement mortar, and only the anti-cracking net or the crack-proof fiber is required.

In an embodiment of the invention, the connecting member is a sleeved self-tapping screw, the sleeve is closely attached to the self-tapping screw, and one end or both ends of the sleeve is expanded to form a pressure bearing gasket, When the self-tapping screw locks the profiled steel plate to connect the stringer, an effective shear pin is formed.

In an embodiment of the invention, the profiled steel sheet is joined to the stringer therein by a connecting member, wherein the connecting member comprises a tapping screw, a sleeve and/or a pressure bearing gasket, the sleeve and the self-tapping screw In close fitting, the sleeve further employs an end expansion sleeve, and the end expansion sleeve is expanded at one or both ends to form a pressure bearing gasket.

In a preferred embodiment, wherein the spacing of the stringers or stringers is less than 180 centimeters, the thickness of the lightweight composite floor slab is reduced, thereby mitigating the floor slabs.

In an embodiment of the invention, the tie rods having the lateral force resistance have a single diagonal and/or double diagonal angles, and the structure design needs to be flexibly configured. The tie rod with anti-lateral force is preferably a strip steel, the strip being combined with the stringer or stringer by the connecting piece, the connection The piece is a self-tapping screw; the strip can be attached to the stringer or the purlin to facilitate the decoration, and the self-tapping screw is conveniently combined with the purlin or the purlin.

In an embodiment of the invention, the steel mesh in the stencil cement mortar ceiling is preferably a reinforced mesh having a reinforced mesh reticle and an expanded mesh surface, the reinforced mesh The connector is combined with a stringer or a stringer, the connector is a self-tapping screw/or a steel nail, the cement mortar is provided with a crack-proof net or a crack-proof fiber; the steel mesh cement mortar ceiling forms a strong skin effect The thin plate provides the overall fireproof performance of the purlin and the reinforced lightweight composite slab.

In an embodiment of the present invention, in order to overcome the defects of the prior art "light steel roof truss with continuous double beam structure" and insufficient structural strength of the overall frame structure, in one embodiment of the present invention, the bidirectional continuous double beam The three-dimensional light steel frame is constructed according to different concrete components, for example, beams, beams or beams, columns, walls, floors and/or roofs, bracings with lateral forces and/or tie rods, etc. The components are provided with one or more reinforcing structures to increase the structural forces of the specific components as well as the overall frame.

In the existing light steel roof truss, the continuous double beam protrudes from the outside of the column, and when the side of the wall is flush with the side of the column, the beam protrudes from the wall, and the decoration is not easy, and the protruding outer wall is liable to cause water leakage; when the dry construction method is adopted, The cavity between the continuous double beams forms a fire smoke path and is not suitable for fire prevention. In order to overcome this drawback, in an embodiment of the present invention, an embedded continuous single beam is adopted, and the embedded continuous single beam is an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, and a Z-shaped steel whose upper and lower edges are cut off within the two sides of the column. Embedding; when one side of the wall is flush with one side of the column, the beam does not protrude from the wall, and the decoration is easy and does not cause water leakage. When the dry construction method is adopted, the cavity between the continuous double beams is blocked, and the fire smoke barrier is formed to facilitate fire prevention.

In a preferred embodiment, the reinforcing structure is such that the chord beam of the truss beam further adopts an open square steel, the open square steel opening is upward (ie, facing other components connected thereto), and is cut and placed on the truss beam. Steel plate at the intersection of the column and truss girder, The steel plate on both sides of the open square steel is provided with a locking connection hole, and is bolted to the locking connection hole provided by the column and the truss beam struts in the truss beam. This solution facilitates the pouring of concrete or cement mortar between the cavities of the open square steel.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is an optional positioning hole provided at the intersection of the beam and the column center line of the three-dimensional light steel frame composed of the bidirectional continuous double beam, and the fixed hole is the beam or the column center line. A circular hole is provided, which is centered on the intersection of the beam or the center line of the column; the positioning hole is fixed by bolt locking and/or inserted by a steel rod when assembled on site. Since all the components are bolted to the locking connection hole, there is a construction gap between the locking connection hole and the bolt, and the gap accumulation causes the assembly deviation of the end member, and the positioning hole is beneficial for reducing the gap accumulation and enabling the field assembly. Quick and precise positioning.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord of the truss beam Fill concrete or cement mortar. The reinforcing member can enhance the strength and stability of the light steel component, disperse the load of the bolt on the steel plate around the locking connection hole, and eliminate the structural instability caused by the construction gap between the locking connection hole and the bolt.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is fixed by a self-tapping screw locking around the bolt locking member after the frame is corrected, the self-tapping screw being between the double beams, and/or in the The concrete or cement mortar is removed between the cavities of the columns and/or between the cavities of the open square sections of the lower chord of the truss girder. Since all the components are bolted at the locking connection holes, the construction gap between the locking connection holes and the bolts cannot be stabilized. Since the self-tapping screws are locked without gaps, the self-tapping screws are locked after the correction to ensure no displacement. After the concrete and/or cement mortar is poured and consolidated, there is no construction gap between the locking connecting holes and the bolts, and the frame is stable. Optional, self-tapping screws can be removed.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is filled between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower beams of the truss beams. And / or cement mortar. The reinforcing structure can enhance the strength and stability of the light steel component, and the dispersing bolt can load the core load of the steel plate around the connecting hole, and eliminate the structural instability caused by the construction gap between the locking connecting hole and the bolt. Preferably, a steel member for reinforcing the structural strength is provided in the concrete or cement mortar, and the steel member may be a steel rod, or a stirrup or a prestressed steel wire. The steel member further enhances the tensile strength and pressure resistance of the member. Further preferably, the stirrups are selected from the group consisting of square stirrups, round stirrups and/or spiral stirrups or round steel mesh. Stirrups can increase the compressive capacity of concrete or cement mortar. Further preferably, the prestressed steel wire is further a prestressed steel wire to which a prestressed steel wire casing is added. This can enhance the tensile strength of the prestressed steel wire and reduce the displacement caused by the force of the component.

In an embodiment of the invention, the column includes a structural main column, a small column, a reinforcing column disposed in the block and/or the infill wall (preferably vertically disposed), and a truss beam column disposed in the truss beam and The truss beam struts, the above-mentioned steel bars, prestressed steel wire casings, and prestressed steel wires pass through the columns; the steel bars, prestressed steel wire casings, and prestressed steel wires can be continuously Truncated.

In an embodiment of the invention, the continuous single beam is provided with a locking connection hole at the beam web and a locking connection hole provided on each side of the column to be tightly connected by a bolt. Since the components of the three-dimensional light steel frame composed of the two-way continuous double beam are mostly cold-formed thin-walled steel, the bolts form a weak point on the load-carrying load of the steel plate around the connection hole. Preferably, the reinforcing structure is provided for the light steel structure, and the reinforcing structure is provided with a thickened steel plate for reinforcing around the beam or the column locking connection hole; the thickened steel plate dispersing the bolt to the nuclear load of the steel plate surrounding the connecting hole. Thickened steel sheets are joined to the beams or columns by means of additional steel plates for riveting and/or riveting and/or welding. Therefore, the material is saved, the process is simple, and the automation operation is facilitated.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is a punching groove around the beam locking connection hole, and the punching groove is embedded in the locking connecting hole of the column for reinforcement. This structure makes the bolt locking connector tightly locked and flush with the wall, making the decoration easy. Further, the A stamping groove around the beam locking connection hole is embedded in the column, and concrete or cement mortar is poured between the cavities of the column to form a strong and gapless connection.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is reinforced on the outer side of the double beam. Since most of the members are cold-formed thin-walled steel, the bolts form a weak point on the load-carrying load of the steel plate around the connection hole, especially in the vicinity of the stress-concentrating member, for example, a laterally inclined support with lateral force. node. The solution of the invention is reinforced on the outer side of the double beam, and the stress of the original continuous double beam and the joint is shared. Moreover, the reinforcement of the superimposed member is only strengthened for the insufficient structural force of the whole beam, and the cross section of the entire beam is not required to be strengthened, which can save materials. Preferably, in the form of the double beam, the superposed member may be an L-shaped steel, a U-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, a flat steel, a square steel and/or a square wood. In particular, the use of square wood to cut off the cold bridge. Cold bridges are a major disadvantage of light steel in cold areas because steel is a good heat transfer body that will pass heat or cold.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure is such that a thermally conductive insulating spacer is added between the double beam and the outer superposed member. When the superimposed member adopts the L-shaped steel, the U-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the flat steel and/or the square steel, a heat conductive insulating gasket is added between the double beam and the outer superposed member to block the cold bridge .

In an embodiment of the invention, the column includes a structural main column, a small column, a block and/or a reinforcing column disposed in the infill wall, and a spot welded steel wire mesh and/or a woven wire mesh at the periphery of the column and / or expansion of the wire mesh package, and cement mortar with the block wall to form a reinforcement structure. The reinforcing structure can combine the block wall with the three-dimensional light steel frame integral frame formed by the two-way continuous double beam, so that the overall frame structure can be strengthened.

In an embodiment of the invention, the reinforcing structure overcomes the defects existing in the prior art, for example, the embedded bolt fixing connector is only fixed at a point on the bottom of the integrally positioned steel frame, and cannot maintain the vertical direction, and is easy to be constructed during construction. The collision is loose, and the embedded bolt must be based on the foundation After the concrete reaches a certain strength, it can assemble and lock the steel frame. The reinforcing structure described in the embodiment is provided with a bolt reinforcing gasket in an integrated positioning steel frame provided with a bolt reinforcing gasket, and the bolt reinforcing gasket is disposed above the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole. The bolt reinforcing spacer is provided with a bolt positioning connecting hole for fixing the pre-embedded bolt; the pre-embedded bolt can maintain vertical, and the embedded bolt is not easily loosened by collision during construction. Preferably, the embedded bolt further locks the pull-proof nut under the bolt reinforcing gasket and/or below the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole; the pull-proof nut can prevent the steel structure from being assembled and positioned When the embedded bolt is locked, the bolt is pulled out. Therefore, it is not necessary to assemble and lock the steel structure after the foundation concrete reaches a certain strength, thereby saving the construction period.

In the prior art, a continuous double beam and a column are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column, and the sectional size of the column is often limited by the fact that the bidirectional continuous double beam cannot increase the fragile link of the integral structure, if other The replacement of the column described above makes it difficult to assemble a three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam. In an embodiment of the invention, the steel column and/or the reinforced concrete column are wrapped on the outer side of the main column of the structure, and the column column concrete or cement mortar is interposed between the steel column and the structural main column; the steel column is only assumed as a false assembled component. Assembling the load, the structural forces of the structural column are replaced by steel columns and/or reinforced concrete columns on the outside of the structural column. The steel column and/or reinforced concrete column may be interrupted and/or continuous at the beam-column intersection, and may be adjusted according to the overall structure.

In an embodiment of the invention, precast concrete wall panels and/or prefabricated lightweight concrete wall panels and/or precast hollow concrete wall panels are disposed between successive double beams. This shortens the construction period and reduces labor costs.

In an embodiment of the present invention, in order to overcome the defect that the reinforced mesh is not able to be well joined with the keel in order to overcome the layer of the partition material in the skin effect wall, thereby causing the defect of the one-side skin effect, the present invention is A pull rod having an anti-lateral force is disposed on one side of the layer on which the partition material is disposed, thereby avoiding the defect of the one-side skin effect loss. Preferably, the tie rod having the anti-lateral force is preferably a strip steel, the strip is combined with the column by a connecting member, and the connecting member is a self-tapping screw;

The strip steel can be closely attached to the column to facilitate the arrangement of the partition material layer and the reinforced mesh, and the self-tapping screw can be conveniently combined with the column.

Further, in an embodiment of the invention, the skin effect wall body is further provided with a reinforcing member, the reinforcing member comprises a fixing gasket and a crack prevention device, and the fixing gasket is closely attached to the The reinforced expanded mesh is used as the gas nail fixing seat; the reinforcing fixing gasket material is preferably a hard plastic; preferably, the skin effect structure wall includes the column, the column Including the structural main column, and/or the small column, the structural steel column of the main column and/or the small column is thick, and the gas steel nail is not easy to be nailed, and the reinforcing fixing gasket provides better gas steel nailing. Constraining, the penetration force can be increased to allow the reinforced mesh to have a strong bond with the column; the crack prevention device is a fiberglass mesh, or a metal spot welded wire mesh, or a fiber concrete added fiber cement layer. Preferably, the reinforced mesh is quickly fixed by using gas steel nails to avoid cracking of the cement mortar layer and enhance the skinning effect of the wall.

The prior art discloses a wall body having a spliced steel mesh structure, the wall body comprising a steel mesh, a lateral pulling structural member, a longitudinal positioning supporting member and a filling layer, wherein the filling layer is filled between the steel meshes on both sides, The steel mesh on both sides is fixedly connected with the longitudinal positioning support member, and the lateral pulling structural member passes through the filling layer, and the two ends thereof are respectively fixed on the longitudinal positioning supporting members fixedly connected with the steel mesh on both sides; the steel mesh and the lateral pulling The structural member, the longitudinally positioned support member and the filling layer integrally form a wall having a pull-type stencil structure. However, the longitudinal positioning support member is not sufficiently stable to position the steel mesh and/or the wall, and it is easy to cause the whitewashing layer to be longitudinally positioned to support the member crack.

An embodiment of the invention discloses a reinforced expanded steel mesh spliced wall body, the reinforced expanded steel mesh spliced wall body comprising the pillar, the diagonal bracing disposed between the beam and the column, and the reinforced mesh a wall pull member, and/or an insulating layer, and/or a vertical support member on the outside of the reinforced mesh neck, the ribbed expanded mesh being disposed on both sides of the column, the side having The rib expansion net is fixed to the column by the fixing member, the fixing member is a self-tapping screw and/or a gas steel nail; The rib expanded mesh can be stably positioned, and the reinforced expanded steel mesh spliced wall can be accurately positioned by attaching the post and/or the diagonal bracing with lateral force.

Further, in an embodiment of the invention, the wall drawing member pulls the reinforced mesh reticle with the rib expanded mesh or the supporting member placed on the outside of the reinforced mesh and perpendicular to the reinforced mesh ridge. The support member on the outer side of the ribbed expanded mesh and the reinforced mesh reticle is retained/removed after completion of the filling layer; since one side of the reinforced mesh has been fixed to the column and has anti-lateral force The diagonal bracing, so the longitudinal positioning support member is not required, and the wall pulling member directly pulls the reinforced mesh rib with the reinforced mesh to make the pulling force stable and average; The support member perpendicular to the reinforced mesh ridge on the outside of the reinforced mesh can enhance the structural force of the reinforced expanded mesh when the filling layer is filled, and there is no lateral thrust after the filling layer is consolidated, and the vertical support member removal does not cause The wall is expanded outside the body without causing the stucco layer to crack along the longitudinally positioned support members.

In an embodiment of the invention, the pull rod having the anti-lateral force is disposed between the column and the column, and the pull rod having the lateral force is preferably a strip; the wall is not protruded to facilitate the subsequent wall Surface construction process or decoration; the upper end of the strip is provided with a locking connection hole and a locking connection hole of the column to be tightly locked by bolts; it is convenient for construction; the lower end of the strip is provided with a tensioning hole for tensioning; the lower end of the strip is bent 90 And the column is fixed with a self-tapping screw on the side of the rod provided with anti-lateral force and the other side of the column; after the strip is tensioned and positioned, the side of the rod with anti-lateral force is disposed The self-tapping screws are fixed with the column and then bent at 90 degrees at the lower end of the strip. After being applied to the other side of the column, the final locking is performed with a self-tapping screw, and the final locking and bending are 90 degrees. Together, the force can effectively exert the advantage of the tensile strength of the strip section.

In an embodiment of the invention, the ground beam is preferably a continuous double beam, the continuous double beam is formed by combining a continuous single beam of the same structure, and the continuous single beam adopts a single piece truss beam, Single-piece truss beams include upper chords, lower chords, truss girder columns, and inclined with shear resistance The upper chord and the lower chord are made of L-shaped steel, and the truss girder and the anti-shear bracing are composed of L-shaped steel or flat steel or circular steel, and the ground beam is further filled with concrete. The column is covered. The ground beam can form a good shear resistance and anti-bay mechanism.

According to the above technical solution, the three-dimensional light steel frame composed of the bidirectional continuous double beam proposed by the invention has at least the following advantages: the three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam proposed by the invention simplifies the production of the light steel component, and invests in production equipment. Small; bolted and fixed, the existing installation can be simplified, non-construction professionals can participate in the construction; the double-beamed column construction components can be assembled in parallel, which facilitates component replacement and elastic transfer, and facilitates on-site assembly; It adopts galvanized steel coil cutting or cold bay rolling forming, and the component can be rolled and formed at one time, which is beneficial to automatic production; the production of the component and the existing installation do not need to be welded, and the galvanized layer is not damaged to prevent rust; some components And the strengthening of the overall structure is conducive to the use of traditional wet wall construction, such as masonry blocks, concrete, soil and other heavy construction materials and recycled old building materials can be used together, so that the construction cost is reduced to make it more practical; The continuous double beam and the column are arranged on each side of the outer edge of the column to eliminate the installation of a single beam. Process of accumulation of errors.

Through the above technical solutions, the present invention has many advantages and practical values as described above, and no similar structural design is disclosed or used in the same product, and it is innovative, regardless of the structure or function of the product. The big improvement has made great progress in technology, and has produced good and practical effects. Compared with the existing light steel roof trusses, it has many advantages, which is more suitable for practical use and has extensive use value of the industry. Chengxin is a new, progressive and practical new design.

The technical solutions of the present invention can be more clearly explained and can be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, which will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention.

1‧‧ ‧ beam

11‧‧‧Horizontal beam

12‧‧‧ Roof beam

13‧‧‧ truss beam

131‧‧‧ truss beam upper chord

132‧‧‧ truss beam lower string beam

134‧‧‧ truss beam bracing

14‧‧‧Ground

15‧‧‧Single truss beam

151‧‧‧Upper string

152‧‧‧lower string

153‧‧‧Resistance with shear resistance

16‧‧‧檩条桁

1/L‧‧‧L-shaped steel beam

1/U‧‧‧U-shaped steel beam

1/C‧‧‧C-shaped steel beam

1/Z‧‧‧Z-shaped steel beam

1/P‧‧ lithographic steel beams

1/W‧‧‧square wooden beams

2‧‧ ‧ column

21‧‧‧ main column

22‧‧‧column

23‧‧‧ wall reinforcement column

24‧‧‧Strengthen components

213‧‧‧ truss beam column

214‧‧‧ steel column

215‧‧‧ concrete column

2/U‧‧‧U-shaped steel column

2/C‧‧‧C-shaped steel column

2/RO‧‧‧Open square steel column

2/RC‧‧‧Bent square steel column

3‧‧‧ Floor

31‧‧‧Enhanced lightweight composite floor

311‧‧‧Light composite floor

32‧‧‧Steel mesh cement mortar ceiling

41‧‧‧ struts

42‧‧‧ lever

501‧‧‧ bolt

502‧‧‧ Self-tapping screws

503‧‧‧Heat conductive insulation gasket

505‧‧‧ steel rod

506‧‧‧ stirrups

507‧‧‧Prestressed steel wire

508‧‧‧Prestressed steel wire casing

509‧‧‧卯nail

510‧‧‧ pull nail

511‧‧‧ superimposed components

512‧‧‧Continuous connection plate

513‧‧‧ casing

5131‧‧‧End expansion sleeve

514‧‧‧ Pressure gasket

515‧‧‧ gas steel nails

516‧‧‧Rebar

517‧‧‧Reinforced fixed gasket

518‧‧‧thick steel plate

51‧‧‧Formed steel plate connectors

52‧‧‧Formed steel plate

53‧‧‧Steel wire mesh

531‧‧‧Fracture net or crack-proof fiber

54‧‧‧Stretched net

541‧‧‧ reinforced mesh

55‧‧‧Integral positioning steel frame

551‧‧‧Pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel

552‧‧‧Bolt reinforced gasket

553‧‧‧Pre-embedded bolts

554‧‧‧Angle

555‧‧‧Anti-drawn nut

60‧‧‧ concrete

601‧‧‧Concrete or cement mortar

61‧‧‧Cement mortar

62‧‧‧Composite wall with skin effect structure

621‧‧‧with skin effect structure wall

63‧‧‧Block wall

64‧‧‧Stretched steel mesh knotted wall

65‧‧‧Insulation

66‧‧‧filled wall

67‧‧‧ wall drawing parts

68‧‧‧Precast concrete wall plate

70‧‧‧Lock connection hole

71‧‧‧ Stamping groove

72‧‧‧Tighten the hole

Figure 1 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of the present invention.

2 is a schematic view of a beam-column section and a beam-column grouting reinforcement structure according to the present invention; and FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a single beam continuous connection according to the present invention.

Figure 4 shows a schematic view of a reinforced lightweight composite floor panel 31 of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the embedded continuous single beam and the steel rod bending and locking reinforcement structure according to the present invention.

Figure 6 shows a schematic view of a single piece truss beam 15 of the present invention.

Figure 7 shows a schematic view of the truss beam 13 of the present invention.

FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the reinforcement of the beam-column locking connection thickened steel plate 13 and the punching groove 71 according to the present invention.

Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the partial frame reinforcing structure of the present invention.

Figure 10 is a schematic view of the integrally positioned steel frame 55 of the present invention.

Figure 11 is a schematic view of a composite walled structure 62 having a skin effect structure in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 12 is a schematic view of a wall-reinforced reinforcing spacer 517 having a skin effect structure according to the present invention.

Figure 13 is a schematic view of the ribbed expanded mesh splicing wall 64 of the present invention.

Fig. 14 is a schematic view showing the reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure according to the present invention.

In order to further illustrate the technical means and efficacy of the present invention for achieving the intended purpose of the present invention, the three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to the present invention will be specifically described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and preferred embodiments. , structure, characteristics and efficacy, as detailed below. Please refer to FIG. 1 , which is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of the present invention. The roof inclined beam 12, the horizontal beam 11, the ground beam 14, the single piece truss beam 15, the truss beam 13, the rafter or the rafter 16, the integral positioning steel frame 55, the main column 21, the small column 22, and the wall reinforcing column 23 are illustrated. a reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure, a diagonal strut 41 having lateral force resistance, a tie rod 42 having lateral force resistance, a composite wall having a skin effect structure 62, a block wall 63, and a rib expansion The steel mesh pull-up wall 64 and the light-weight composite floor 31 are strengthened.

Please refer to FIG. 2 for a schematic diagram of the beam-column section and the beam-column grouting reinforcement structure according to the present invention. Figure 2-1 shows a schematic diagram of the beam 1 member which can be 1/L: L-shaped steel beam, with L-shaped steel beam at the end, 1/U: U-shaped steel beam, different widths of the upper and lower edges U-shaped steel beam, with U-shaped steel beam at the end, 1/C: C-shaped steel beam, different widths of the upper and lower edges, C-shaped steel beam, and crimped C-shaped steel at the end Beam, 1/Z: Z-shaped steel beam, with flanged Z-shaped steel beam at the end, 1/P: flat-shaped steel beam, 1/W: square wooden beam, 15: single-piece truss beam. Figure 2-2 shows the structure of the column 2 member can be 2/U: U-shaped steel column, 2/C: C-shaped steel column, 2/RO: open square steel column, 2/RC: bent square steel column, pull Nail 510. Figure 2-3 shows the reinforcement structure of the beam 1, column 2, concrete / or cement mortar 601 grouting.

Please refer to FIG. 3 for a schematic diagram of a single beam continuation of the present invention. Figure 3-1 is a schematic diagram of the overlapping of the single beam overlap; the overlapping butt joints of the two single beams 1 are provided with a locking connection hole 70, and the overlapping partial wings are cut off, and the abdominal plate overlaps with the column locking connection hole 70. The bolt 501 is tightly connected. Figure 3-2 shows a schematic diagram of the overlapping of the single-piece truss beams; the single-piece truss beam 15 is continued at the column 2, and the upper chord 151 of the two single-piece truss beams 15 is an L-shaped steel beam 1/L and The lower chord 152 is an L-shaped steel beam 1/L, and the connecting ends of the two ends are connected with the column 2 to provide a locking connection hole 70. The two continuous single beams 1 are overlapped by a difference in size and simultaneously connected with the column locking hole 70. The bolt 501 is tightly connected. Figure 3-3 shows a schematic diagram of the splicing of the single-beam connector; the two spliced single beams 1 are contiguously connected at the column 2, and the continuation ends of the two continuation single beams are provided with a locking connection hole, and the connection The locking connection hole provided by the piece 512 is tightly connected by the bolt 501, The locking connecting hole provided by the connecting member 512 and the locking connecting hole provided by the column are tightly connected by a bolt 501, and the connecting member 512 is made of U-shaped steel or L-shaped steel and/or flat steel.

Referring to Figure 4, there is shown a schematic view of a reinforced lightweight composite floor panel 31 of the present invention. Figure 4-1 is a schematic perspective view of the reinforced lightweight composite slab 31; the reinforced lightweight composite slab 31 comprises a lightweight composite slab 311, stringers or stringers 16, tie rods 42 with lateral forces and/or stencil cement mortar The ceiling 32, each component is integrated by a connecting member, and the lightweight composite floor 311 is disposed above the stringer or stringer 16 with a lateral force-resistant tie rod 42 and/or a stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 disposed on the purlin or rafter. Below the strip 16. 4-2 is a schematic view of a lightweight composite floor 311; the lightweight composite floor 311 includes a floor slab, and the floor slab is a wavy profiled steel plate 52/ or a folded profiled steel plate 52, The connecting member 51 is connected with the profiled steel plate 52 and the stringer or stringer 16, the upper part of the profiled steel plate 52 is filled with concrete / cement mortar 601, and the concrete / cement mortar 601 is provided with a crack-proof net or crack-proof fiber 531. 4-3 is a schematic view of a profiled steel plate connecting member 51; the connecting member 51 includes a tapping screw 502, a sleeve 513 and/or a pressure receiving gasket 514, and the sleeve 513 is tightly coupled with the tapping screw 502. In the fitting, the sleeve 513 further adopts an end expansion sleeve 5131, and the end expansion sleeve 5131 is expanded at one end or both ends to form a pressure receiving gasket. Figure 4-4 shows a schematic view of a folded profiled steel plate. Figure 4-5 shows a schematic view of a corrugated profiled steel plate. 4-6 is a schematic view of a reinforced mesh 54 having a ribbed expanded mesh 541 and an expanded mesh. 4-7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a reinforced mesh 54 having a reinforced mesh 541 and a cement mortar built-in anti-cracking or anti-cracking fiber as described in the expanded mesh surface. 4-8 is a cross-sectional view showing one of the options of the reinforced lightweight composite floor panel 31; below the rafter or rafter 16 is provided a tie rod 42 having an anti-lateral force, the rafter or stringer 16 having an anti-lateral force The connecting rod 42 is a self-tapping screw 502 / or a gas steel nail 515, and the top of the purlin or rafter 16 is a lightweight composite floor 311. Figure 4-9 shows a cross-sectional view of one of the options for reinforcing the lightweight composite floor panel 31; below the stringer or stringer 16, a stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 is provided, the stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 including rib expansion The net 54 and the cement mortar 61, the cement mortar 61 has a built-in anti-cracking net or anti-cracking fiber 531, and the connecting rod of the purlin or purlin 16 and the stencil cement mortar ceiling 32 is a self-tapping screw 502 / or a gas steel nail 515 Above the purlin or purlin 16 is a lightweight composite floor 311.

Please refer to FIG. 5 , which is a schematic diagram of the embedded continuous single beam and the steel rod bending and locking reinforcement structure of the present invention. Figure 5-1 shows a schematic view of an embedded continuous single beam; the embedded continuous single beam 1 is an L-shaped steel beam 1/L, a C-shaped steel beam 1/C, a Z-shaped steel beam The upper and lower edges of 1/Z are cut and embedded within the two sides of the column 2, and the embedded continuous single beam 1 is provided with a locking connection hole 70 and a locking connection hole 70 provided by the column 2 at the web to the bolt 501. connection. FIG. 5-2 is a schematic view showing a bending and locking reinforcement structure of a steel strip rod; wherein the drawing rod 28 is preferably a strip steel, and the upper end of the strip is provided with a tight connection hole 70 and a tightness of the column 2 The locking connection hole 70 is tightly connected by the bolt 501; in order to facilitate the tensioning construction; the lower end of the steel strip is provided with the tensioning hole 72 for the tension; the steel strip is tensioned and positioned on the side of the setting rod 42 with the self-tapping screw 502 and the column 2 Fake fixed, then bend 90 degrees at the lower end of the strip, and apply the self-tapping screw 502 for final locking after the other side of the post 2 is applied.

Referring to Figure 6, a schematic view of a single truss beam 15 of the present invention is shown. 6-1 is a schematic view of a single truss girder 15; the monolithic truss girder 15 includes an upper chord 151, a lower chord 152, and a diagonal strut 153 having shear resistance, the upper chord 151 And/or the lower chord 152 is formed by an L-shaped steel 1/1, and the shear-resistant struts 153 are composed of an L-shaped steel 1/L and/or a flat-shaped steel 1/P/ or a circular steel; A single-piece truss beam 15 is disposed on both sides of the column 2/ and the truss beam column 213 at a contact opening surface of the upper chord 151 and the lower chord 152 at a contact surface with the column 2/ and the truss beam column 213. The locking connection holes 70 are tightly connected by bolts 501. Figure 6-2 shows a plan view of a single-piece truss beam 15; the continuous single-piece truss beams 15 are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column 2, and the continuous single-piece truss beam 15 is The columns 2 are continuously uninterrupted at the cross-connections, and the continuous monolithic truss beams 15 are further spliced; preferably, the single-piece truss beams 15 are overlapped and continued. The double monolithic truss beam 15 is tightly connected to the column 2 by bolts 501. 6-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the single-piece truss beam 15; the continuous single-piece truss beam 15 is interspersed with the continuous beam 1. FIG. 6-4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the single-piece truss beam 15; the upper chord 151 and the lower chord 152 of the continuous single-piece truss beam 15 are tightly connected with the truss beam column 213 by a locking connector. . The perspective view of the single piece truss beam 15 is shown in Figures 6-5.

Referring to Figure 7, a schematic view of the truss beam 13 of the present invention is shown. 7-1 is a schematic perspective view of the truss beam 13; the truss beam 13 includes a truss beam upper chord 131, a truss beam lower chord 132, a truss beam column 213, a truss beam struts 134, and the truss beam The upper chord 131 and the truss lower chord 132 are combined by a continuous single beam of the same or different structure, and the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column 2, the continuous single beam and The column 2, the truss beam column 213, and the truss beam struts 134 are tightly connected by bolts 501. Figure 7-2 shows a schematic view of the truss beam elevation. 7-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the truss beam 13; between the cavities of the truss girder upper beam 131, between the cavities of the open square steel of the truss girder lower chord 132, and between the cavities of the truss girder 213 The concrete or cement mortar 601 is poured between the cavities of the truss beam struts 134. Figure 7-4 shows a schematic view of a steel member and a concrete or cement mortar 601 disposed between the two beams; a steel member for reinforcing the structural strength is disposed between the double beams, and the steel member is a steel rod. 505, or stirrups 506, or prestressed steel wire 507, or prestressed steel wire casing 508, and poured concrete/or cement mortar 601.

Please refer to FIG. 8 , which is a schematic diagram of the reinforcement of the beam-column connecting hole thickening steel plate 518 and the punching groove 71 of the present invention. FIG. 8-1 is a schematic diagram of the reinforcing steel plate 518 and the punching groove 71 of the locking connection hole of the beam 1; the beam 1 or the column 2 is tightly connected around the connecting hole 70 for reinforcement. The thick steel plate 518 or the punching groove 71 is fixed by the self-tapping screw 502.

8-2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the stamping groove; the beam 1 stamping groove 71 is embedded in the locking connection hole 70 of the column 2, and is tightly connected by a bolt 501. Inter-fill concrete/or cement mortar 601. 8-3 is an enlarged schematic view of the stamping groove 71; the stamping concave The slot 71 is embedded in the locking connection hole 70 of the column 1 and is tightly connected by a bolt 501. The diameter of the locking connection hole 70 of the column is larger than the punching groove 71 around the beam locking connection hole. Figure 8-4 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the stiffened steel plate 518 of the column beam member locking connection hole. Figure 8-5 shows a schematic view of the reinforcing façade of the column-beam member locking connection hole thickening steel plate 518; the thickened steel plate 518 is joined to the beam or column by riveting and/or without riveting. .

Please refer to FIG. 9 for a schematic view of a partial frame reinforcing structure of the present invention. Figure 9-1 is a schematic view of a partial frame reinforcement structure elevation; the frame reinforcement structure includes a concrete or cement mortar 601 between the double beams 1 and a precast concrete wall panel 68 and columns between the double beams 1 The periphery of 2 is wrapped by a steel mesh 53 and is joined with cement mortar 61 between the block wall 63, a superposed member 511 of the outer side of the beam 1, and a thermally conductive insulating spacer 503 between the beam 1 and the outer superposed member. Figure 9-2 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of concrete or cement mortar 601 between two beams. 9-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the outer layer superimposing member 511 of the beam 1; a heat conducting insulating spacer 503 is added between the outer layer superimposing member 511 of the beam 1 and the outer layer superimposing member 511. FIG. 9-4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the superposing member 511. 9-9 is a schematic plan view of the periphery of the column 2 wrapped by a steel mesh 53; the periphery of the column 2 is wrapped with a wire mesh 53 or a woven wire mesh or an expanded wire mesh and the block wall 63 were combined with cement mortar 61. 9-6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a precast concrete wall panel 68 disposed between two beams; the double beam 1 is provided with precast concrete wall panels 68 or prefabricated lightweight concrete wall panels/precast hollow concrete walls. board.

Referring to Figure 10, there is shown a schematic view of an integrally positioned steel frame 55 of the present invention. Figure 10-1 shows a schematic view of the integrally positioned steel frame 55; the integrated positioning steel frame 55 includes a horn horse 554, a bolt reinforcement gasket 552, a pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551, and an embedded bolt. 553, anti-pull nut 555. Figure 10-2 shows a partial perspective view of the integrally positioned steel frame 55; the column 2 and the horn 554 are tightly connected by bolts 501, and the horn 554 is tightly connected with the embedded bolt 553, and the bolt is embedded. The 553 is fixed to the bolt reinforcing washer 552 and the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551. Figure 10-3 Shown is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551; the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551 is provided with a pre-embedded bolt locking connection hole 70. 10-4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the bolt reinforcing spacer 552; the bolt reinforcing spacer 552 is provided with the embedded bolt locking connection hole 70. 10-5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pull-out nut 555; the bolt reinforcing washer 552 is disposed on the pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel 551, and the pull-out nut 555 is disposed on the Below the bolt reinforced gasket 552 or the pre-embedded bolt is positioned below the C-shaped steel 551.

Referring to Figure 11, there is shown a schematic view of a composite wall 62 having a skin effect structure of the present invention. Figure 11-1 shows a schematic view of a wall 621 having a skin effect structure on both sides of the column; the main column 21, the small column 22, the wall wall column 23, and the skin effect structure wall on both sides Face 621. 11-2 shows a partially enlarged plan view; including the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the cement mortar 61, the crack-proof net or the crack-proof fiber 531, the self-tapping screw 502 or the gas steel nail 515 , the wall 66 is filled. 11-3 shows a partially enlarged cross-sectional view; including all rib expansion nets 54, cement mortar 61, anti-cracking net or anti-cracking fiber 531, self-tapping screws 502 / or gas steel nails 515, filling wall 66 . Figure 11-4 shows a schematic view of a wall of a pull rod 42 provided with a lateral force on the other side of the column having a skin effect structure wall 621; the main column 21, the small column 22, and the wall body The wall post 23 has a skin effect structure wall surface 621 on one side, a pull rod 42 having lateral force resistance, and an insulating layer 65. 11-5 shows a partially enlarged plan view; including the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the cement mortar 61, the crack-proof net or the crack-proof fiber 531, the self-tapping screw 502 or the gas steel nail 515 The wall 66, the lateral force-resisting rod 42 and the insulating layer 65 are filled. 11-6 shows a partially enlarged cross-sectional view; including all rib expansion nets 54, cement mortar 61, anti-cracking net or anti-cracking fiber 531, self-tapping screws 502 / or gas steel nails 515, filling wall 66 The anti-lateral force rod 42 and the insulating layer 65.

Referring to FIG. 12, there is shown a schematic view of a wall-reinforced reinforcing spacer 517 having a skin effect structure of the present invention. FIG. 12-1 is a schematic view showing the configuration of the reinforcing fixing pad 517; The structure main column 21, the small column 22, the rib expanded net 54, and the reinforcing fixing pad 517. 12-2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the reinforcing fixed gasket 517; including the structural main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforcing fixed gasket 517, the cement mortar 61, the crack prevention net or Crack-proof fiber 531.

Referring to Figure 13, there is shown a schematic view of a ribbed expanded mesh wall 64 of the present invention. Figure 13-1 is a schematic plan view of a ribbed expanded mesh wall 64; including the structural main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforced mesh 541, the wall The body drawing member 67, the filling wall 66, and the cement mortar 61. Figure 13-2 shows a schematic perspective view of the ribbed expanded mesh wall 64; including the structural main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforced mesh 541, the wall The body drawing member 67, the filling wall 66, and the cement mortar 61. 13-3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a ribbed expanded mesh wall 64; including the main column 21, the small column 22, the reinforced mesh 54, the reinforced mesh 541, and the wall. The body drawing member 67, the filling wall 66, and the cement mortar 61.

Referring to Figure 14, there is shown a schematic view of the reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure of the present invention. 14-1 is a schematic view showing the arrangement of the reinforcing member 24 disposed outside the main column of the structure; including the structural main column 21, the reinforcing member 24, and the beam 1. 14-2 is a schematic view of a reinforcing member of a concrete column 215; including the structural main column 21, the beam 1, the reinforcing bar 516, the stirrup 506, and the concrete 60.

14-3 is a schematic view of a reinforcing member of the steel column 214; including the structural main column 21, the beam 1, the steel column 214, the concrete or the cement mortar 601.

The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Although the present invention has been disclosed in the above preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention. A person skilled in the art can make some modifications or modifications to equivalent embodiments by using the above-disclosed technical contents without departing from the technical scope of the present invention. It is still within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention to make any simple modifications, equivalent changes and modifications to the above embodiments.

Claims (29)

  1. A three-dimensional lightweight steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam, comprising a beam, a stringer or a stringer, a column, a wall, a floor and/or a roof, a bracing and/or a tie rod having lateral forces, wherein Wherein the beam is a continuous double beam, and the continuous double beam is formed by a combination of continuous single beams having the same or different structures, and the continuous single beams are respectively disposed on both sides of the outer edge of the column. The continuous single beam and the column are continuously continuous at the intersection, the continuous single beam is further spliced by a single beam, and the single beam is continuously connected to a single beam; the floor is All or part of it can be selected as a reinforced lightweight composite floor.
  2. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 1, wherein: the column comprises a structural main column, a small column, a wall reinforcing column disposed in the block wall body, and is disposed in the truss beam a column, a bracing disposed between the column and the column, a truss beam column disposed in the truss beam, and/or a truss beam struts disposed in the truss beam; the beam including a level Beam, oblique beam, truss beam upper chord and/or truss beam lower chord, and/or ground beam; said continuous single beam is selected from the group consisting of L-shaped steel, C-shaped steel, Z-shaped steel, flat steel, single piece One or more of the truss beams; the stringers or beams are selected from one or more of a C-shaped steel, a Z-shaped steel, and/or a single-piece truss beam; the single-piece truss beam includes an upper chord and a lower chord a beam, a shearing support having an anti-shear force, the upper and/or lower chords adopting an L-shaped steel, and the shear-resistant struts are composed of an L-shaped steel and/or a flat steel and/or a circular steel. The column is composed of one or more of a C-shaped steel, an open square steel, a bent square steel, and a square steel. The open square steel further injects concrete and/or cement mortar between the open square steels; the bent square steel includes a square shape of the cold rolled steel plate, and a roll of 90 degrees at both ends of the steel plate at the square corner buckle. The curling edges of the two ends are respectively pulled by a suitable distance between the nails; The locking single connecting hole of the continuous single beam at the beam web is connected with the locking connecting hole provided on each side of the column by a bolt.
  3. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 2, wherein the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, and the open square steel are further provided with a bead; the C-shaped steel, The widths of the upper and lower edge flaps of the Z-shaped steel are the same or different; the L-shaped steel, the C-shaped steel, the Z-shaped steel, the open square steel, the bent square steel, the flat steel are preferably cut by a galvanized steel coil and/or Or cold bay rolling molding.
  4. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 1, wherein the floor slab is wholly or partially reinforced lightweight composite slab, and the reinforced lightweight composite slab comprises a light composite slab, a purlin or a purlin, having The lateral force-resistant tie rod and/or the stencil cement mortar ceiling, the components are integrated by a connecting piece, the light composite floor board is arranged above the purlin or the purlin, and has a lateral force-resistant tie rod and/or steel mesh. The cement mortar ceiling is placed under the purlin or purlin.
  5. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 4, wherein: the light composite floor slab comprises a floor slab, and the floor slab is a wave-shaped profiled steel plate or a folded profiled steel plate. The thickness of the profiled steel plate is from 30 mm to 50 mm; the profiled steel plate is poured with concrete and/or cement mortar; the concrete and/or cement mortar is built with a crack-proof net or a crack-proof fiber; the concrete and/or cement mortar has a thickness within 50 mm of the wave top of the profiled steel plate; the profiled steel plate is joined with the stringer by a connecting member, the connecting member comprises a self-tapping screw and a sleeve And/or a pressure-bearing gasket, the sleeve is in close contact with the self-tapping screw, the sleeve further adopting an end expansion sleeve, and the end expansion sleeve is expanded at one end or both ends to form a pressure bearing gasket; The rafters or beams are spaced apart by less than 180 cm; the tie rods having lateral forces are tensioned to a single diagonal or double diagonal, Preferably, the tie rod is a strip steel, the strip is combined with the stringer by a connecting member, the connecting member is a self-tapping screw; the steel mesh cement mortar ceiling comprises a steel mesh, and the steel mesh is a reinforced mesh having a rib expanded net and an expanded mesh, the reinforced expanded mesh being joined with the rafter or purlin by a connecting member; the connecting member is self-tapping Screws and/or gas steel nails, the cement mortar is built with anti-cracking nets or crack-proof fibers.
  6. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the continuous single beam is made of an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, or a Z-shaped steel, the The continuous single beam is an embedded continuous single beam, and the embedded continuous single beam is an L-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, and the upper and lower edges of the Z-shaped steel are cut and embedded within the two sides of the column, and the embedded continuous The single beam is provided with a locking connection hole at the web and a locking connection hole provided by the column to be bolted.
  7. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 2, wherein the three-dimensional continuous steel frame structure formed by the two-way continuous double beam is further provided with one or more reinforcing structures.
  8. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the lower chord of the truss beam further adopts an open square steel, the open square steel opening is upward, and the shank is disposed in the truss beam. The steel plate is cut off at the overlap of the column and the truss girder. The steel plate on both sides of the open square steel is provided with a locking connection hole and a locking connection hole provided by the column and the truss girder in the truss beam to be bolted.
  9. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with positioning holes at the intersection of the beam and the column center line at the beam and the column during processing, and the positioning hole is Bolts or steel bars are fixed.
  10. A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed of a bidirectional continuous double beam as claimed in claim 7 or 8, wherein the reinforcing structure is between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or Concrete or cement mortar is poured between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord of the truss beam.
  11. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 10, wherein the reinforcing structure is fixed by a self-tapping screw locking around the bolt locking member after the frame is corrected, and the self-tapping screw is Pour concrete and/or cement mortar back between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord of the truss girder Save or retain.
  12. A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed of the bidirectional continuous double beam of claim 10, wherein the reinforcing structure is between the double beams, and/or between the cavities of the columns, and/or Providing a steel member for reinforcing the structural strength between the cavities of the open square steel of the lower chord beam of the truss beam, and injecting concrete/or cement mortar, the steel member being a steel rod, or stirrup, or prestressing Steel wire.
  13. A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by the bidirectional continuous double beam of claim 12, wherein the stirrup is selected from the group consisting of a square stirrup, a circular stirrup/or a spiral stirrup/or a circular steel mesh, the pre-predetermined The stress steel wire is further prestressed steel wire plus prestressed steel wire.
  14. A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed of a bidirectional continuous double beam of claim 12, wherein the steel rod, or stirrup, prestressed steel wire passes through the column.
  15. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with a thickened steel plate for reinforcement around a beam or a column locking connection hole, and the thickened steel plate is adopted. The additional steel plate is joined to the beam or column by riveting and/or without riveting and/or welding.
  16. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is a punching groove around the beam locking connection hole, and the punching groove is embedded in the locking of the column The connecting holes are connected by bolts, and the diameter of the locking connecting holes of the column is larger than the punching groove around the beam locking connecting holes.
  17. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is reinforced by a superimposed member on the outer side of the double beam, and the superposed member is an L-shaped steel, a U-shaped steel, or a C-shaped steel. , flat profile steel, square steel and / or square wood.
  18. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 17, wherein the superimposing member reinforcement on the outer side of the double beam is to add a heat conductive insulating gasket between the double beam and the outer superposed member. .
  19. A three-dimensional light steel frame constructed by a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is wrapped around a wire mesh and/or a woven wire mesh and/or a expanded wire mesh around the periphery of the column. And combined with cement mortar between the block walls.
  20. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure adopts an integral positioning steel frame provided with a bolt reinforcing spacer to accurately position the column foot embedded bolt, and the integrated body The positioning steel frame comprises an angle horse, a bolt reinforcing gasket, a pre-embedded bolt positioning C-shaped steel, a pre-embedded screw, and an anti-drawn nut, wherein the column foot pre-embedded bolt is connected with the column foot through an angle horse, and the bolt is provided The integral positioning steel frame of the reinforcing gasket is preferably formed by adopting a C-shaped steel structure, the C-shaped steel opening is upward, and a bead is further provided at the open end, and the C-shaped steel is provided with a pre-embedded bolt hole. The bolt reinforcing gasket is disposed above the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole, the bolt reinforcing gasket is provided with a bolt positioning connecting hole, and the embedded bolt is fixed and then poured into the concrete, and the pillar is placed The above-mentioned integrally positioned steel frame is provided with a bolt reinforcing gasket.
  21. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 20, wherein the embedded bolt is further locked under the bolt reinforcing gasket or below the C-shaped steel embedded bolt hole Pull the nut.
  22. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with a reinforcing member outside the main column of the structure, and the reinforcing member comprises a main column of the wrapping structure. An outer steel column or a reinforced concrete column, the steel column or reinforced concrete column is interrupted and/or continuous at the beam-column intersection, and the steel column and the structural main column are filled with concrete or cement mortar.
  23. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with precast concrete wall panels or prefabricated lightweight concrete wall panels or prefabricated hollow concrete wall panels between the continuous double beams.
  24. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is a composite wall having a skin effect structure between all or part of the column and the column, the composite having The skin effect structure wall comprises the column, and/or the wall is provided with a skin effect structure on both sides of the column, or a wall having a skin effect structure is disposed on one side of the column, and the other side is provided with an anti-side a wall of a force pull rod, the column comprising a structural main column, and/or a small column, and/or a block, and/or a reinforcing column disposed in the infill wall, the skin having a skin effect structure Includes reinforced mesh, cement mortar and fixtures.
  25. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 24, wherein the reinforced expanded mesh is composed of a reinforced expanded mesh and an expanded mesh, and the reinforced expanded mesh passes through The fixing member is fixed on the column and the reinforcing keel, and the fixing member is a self-tapping screw or a gas steel nail; and the pulling rod having the lateral force resistance is preferably a steel strip.
  26. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 25, wherein the composite wall having a skin effect structure is further provided with a reinforcing member, the reinforcing member comprising a reinforcing fixing gasket and a crack preventing In the facility, the reinforcing fixing gasket is closely attached to the reinforced mesh neck as the gas nail fixing seat; the reinforcing fixing gasket material is preferably a hard plastic; the crack prevention facility A fiber added to a fiberglass mesh, or a metal spot welded wire, and/or fiber concrete in a cement mortar layer.
  27. A three-dimensional light steel frame composed of a bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7, wherein the reinforcing structure is provided with a rib-expanded steel mesh tying wall between the column and the column, and the ribbed expanded steel Net pull The knot wall includes a structural main column, a small column, a reinforcing column arranged in the infill wall or the infill wall, a diagonal bracing disposed between the beam and the column, a reinforced mesh, and a wall pull knot a member, or an insulating layer, or a support member outside the reinforced mesh wall, wherein the reinforced mesh is disposed on both sides of the reinforcing column disposed in the main column, the small column and the filling wall of the structure, the The side ribbed expansion mesh is fixed to the column by a fixing member, the fixing member is a self-tapping screw/or a gas steel nail; wherein the filling wall is disposed between the reinforced mesh, wherein the The insulating layer is disposed on the inner side of the ribbed expanded net, and the ribbed expanded net has a rib expanded net mesh and an expanded mesh surface, and the wall pulling member is a steel wire or a plastic wire, and the wall pulls The ligated expanded mesh reticle with a reinforced mesh or a support member placed on the outside of the reinforced mesh and perpendicular to the reinforced mesh reticle, the ribbed expanded mesh and the reinforced expanded mesh Supporting members are retained and/or removed after completion of the filling layer, the filling layer being slag or soil or Or concrete or lightweight concrete.
  28. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 7 or 26, wherein the reinforcing structure is a bent and locked pull rod, and the pull rod is disposed on one side and/or both sides of the column. The pull rod is preferably a strip steel, and the upper end of the strip is provided with a locking connection hole of the locking connecting hole and the column to be tightly locked by a bolt, and the lower end of the strip is provided with a tightening hole, and the lower end of the strip is bent 90 And the column is fixed with a self-tapping screw on one side of the anti-lateral force rod and/or the other side of the column, respectively.
  29. The three-dimensional light steel frame formed by the bidirectional continuous double beam according to claim 2, wherein the ground beam is formed by combining the continuous double beams with the same continuous single beam, and the continuous single beam adopts a single piece of truss beam. The monolithic truss beam comprises an upper chord, a lower chord, a diagonal strut with shear resistance, the upper chord and/or the lower chord are L-shaped steel, and the shear bracing is made of L-shaped steel and/or Or consist of flat steel and / or round steel.
TW104102603A 2014-01-24 2015-01-26 Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams TWI632272B (en)

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RU2651723C2 (en) 2018-04-23
JP6368787B2 (en) 2018-08-01
EP3085844A4 (en) 2017-08-09
RU2016133978A (en) 2018-03-01
WO2015110081A1 (en) 2015-07-30
TW201608086A (en) 2016-03-01
TW201529938A (en) 2015-08-01
PH12016500906A1 (en) 2016-07-04
US20160298333A1 (en) 2016-10-13
RU2016133978A3 (en) 2018-03-01
TWM522974U (en) 2016-06-01
CN103790231A (en) 2014-05-14
CN105297887B (en) 2019-06-07

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