TWI755188B - Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel - Google Patents

Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TWI755188B
TWI755188B TW109143063A TW109143063A TWI755188B TW I755188 B TWI755188 B TW I755188B TW 109143063 A TW109143063 A TW 109143063A TW 109143063 A TW109143063 A TW 109143063A TW I755188 B TWI755188 B TW I755188B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
column
stiffening
stiffening member
assembly
steel
Prior art date
Application number
TW109143063A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW202223214A (en
Inventor
許琦
許家瑀
許宏禧
許丞瑩
Original Assignee
許琦
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 許琦 filed Critical 許琦
Priority to TW109143063A priority Critical patent/TWI755188B/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI755188B publication Critical patent/TWI755188B/en
Publication of TW202223214A publication Critical patent/TW202223214A/en

Links

Images

Abstract

本發明係在提供一種以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,主要係以型鋼取代部分鋼筋製成柱加勁構件、梁加勁構件、牆加勁構件及板加勁構件,該等加勁構件可先在工廠生產後,再運送至工地現場進行組裝架設,而其施工方法之步驟為:放樣、建構基座板、各加勁構件之組裝、智慧監控系統建立、水電消配管、模板組裝、混凝土灌漿及拆模等即可完工,而該牆加勁構件與該板加勁構件之相對二側面再以鋼筋呈橫向及直向交錯形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之鋼筋外端伸至柱內及梁內,以供該模板方便架設並可增加其強度,並以該智慧監控系統來進行施工安全之監控,如此,可大幅節省建築施工工時及施工人力與確保施工安全。The present invention is to provide a reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of steel bars with section steel, mainly replacing part of steel bars with section steel to make column stiffening members, beam stiffening members, wall stiffening members and plate stiffening members. After the factory is produced, it is transported to the construction site for assembly and erection. The steps of the construction method are: lofting, construction of the base plate, assembly of various stiffening components, establishment of an intelligent monitoring system, water and electricity piping, formwork assembly, concrete grouting and dismantling. The formwork can be completed, and the two opposite sides of the wall stiffening member and the plate stiffening member are then staggered horizontally and vertically with steel bars to form a lattice frame, and the outer ends of the horizontal and vertical steel bars are extended into the columns and beams. , so that the formwork can be easily erected and its strength can be increased, and the intelligent monitoring system is used to monitor the construction safety, so that it can greatly save construction time and manpower and ensure construction safety.

Description

以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel

本發明係有關於一種以型鋼取代部分鋼筋來組立鋼筋混凝土構造之施工方法。The invention relates to a construction method for assembling reinforced concrete structures by replacing part of steel bars with section steels.

按,傳統建築物的鋼筋混凝土構造(簡稱RC構造)其施工步驟依序為:放樣、鋼筋組立、水電消配管、模板組裝、混凝土灌漿、拆模、粉刷裝飾等步驟才能完工,而傳統RC構造主要是使用鋼筋來做為結構之組立構件,請參閱第1、1A圖所示,傳統RC構造之鋼筋構件1分為柱鋼筋構件10、梁鋼筋構件11、板鋼筋構件12及牆鋼筋構件13等,其中柱鋼筋構件10又由柱主鋼筋100及柱箍筋101以鐵絲來一一綁紮而成,而梁鋼筋構件11係由梁主鋼筋110及梁箍筋111以鐵絲來一一綁紮而成,板鋼筋構件12係由上層鋼筋120及下層鋼筋121以鐵絲來一一綁紮而成,牆鋼筋構件13係由直向鋼筋130及橫向鋼筋131以鐵絲來一一綁紮而成,故建築物之鋼筋構件1之組立極為費時、費事,且鋼筋構件1組立完成後,再於鋼筋構件1外側搭設模板14,以作為灌注混凝土的鑄模,然後再於該模板14所形成的鑄模中灌注混凝土,使得混凝土包覆鋼筋構件1以形成RC結構,待混凝土凝固至一定強度後,再將模板14拆除,然後再於混凝土表面進行粉刷裝飾,如此方可完成全部的施工程序。According to the reinforced concrete structure of traditional buildings (referred to as RC structure), the construction steps are: lofting, reinforcement assembly, water and electricity piping, formwork assembly, concrete grouting, formwork removal, painting decoration and other steps to complete, while the traditional RC structure Reinforcing bars are mainly used as structural components. Please refer to Figures 1 and 1A. Reinforcing bar members 1 in traditional RC structures are divided into column bar bar members 10, beam bar bar members 11, plate bar bar members 12, and wall bar bar members 13. etc., wherein the column reinforcement member 10 is made up of the main column reinforcement bars 100 and the column stirrups 101, which are bound one by one with iron wires, and the beam reinforcement member 11 is made up of the main beam reinforcement bars 110 and the beam stirrups 111, which are bound one by one with iron wires. In this way, the slab reinforcement member 12 is made of the upper reinforcement 120 and the lower reinforcement 121 bound with iron wire one by one, and the wall reinforcement member 13 is made of the straight reinforcement 130 and the transverse reinforcement 131 tied with iron wire one by one, so the building The assembly of the reinforced member 1 is very time-consuming and labor-intensive, and after the reinforced member 1 is assembled, a formwork 14 is set up on the outside of the reinforced member 1 as a casting mold for pouring concrete, and then concrete is poured into the casting mold formed by the formwork 14. , so that the concrete wraps the reinforced member 1 to form the RC structure. After the concrete is solidified to a certain strength, the formwork 14 is removed, and then the concrete surface is painted and decorated, so that all the construction procedures can be completed.

而習知RC構造之缺失如下: 1、  習知RC構造全程工序約有90%以上需在施工現場組裝製作,整體作業效率差,精度與品質控制性亦不良。 2、  隨著全球氣候暖化,習知RC構造施工常是暴露於炎炎高溫與髒亂環境下進行,或因雨天而無法施工,因而影響工作效率,也造成年青人不願意投入營建產業的原因之一。 3、  隨著全球經濟成長,境外勞工引入漸漸困難,又加上本地技術勞工越來越高齡化,衍生營建產業缺工嚴重之問題。 4、  由於鋼筋細長比大,而且僅僅以鐵絲來綁紮鋼筋,使組立完成的鋼筋構架不具穩固性。 5、  RC構造為利於施工,須將每層樓的柱主鋼筋做必要搭接或以續接器續接;相對地,梁主鋼筋續接相對較少;故習知RC構造存在著「強梁弱柱」的潛在問題,其可由地震導致建物倒塌幾乎是因柱毀損所致得到引證。 6、基礎柱鋼筋構件在組立時,因缺乏可精準穩固的放置點,僅能以鋼筋架設簡易三角架支撐型式來定位,除較無法精準定位外,亦難以確保其直立度。 7、習知RC構造施工時,鋼筋組立、水電消配管與模板組裝三者通常需交互施工,常造成相互等待,除浪費工期外,組裝模板時穿破水電消管之情事亦時有所聞。 8、模板組裝與鋼筋組立常因兩者沒有準確而牢靠一致的參考基準線,經常造成一側保護層不足,另一側保護層太厚之缺失。 9、對具有不同曲率之柱、梁、板、牆等異形RC構件之模板組立較為困難,通常需要借助寶麗龍(polylon)來協助組立,除有汙染環境之虞外,組立精度亦不佳。 10、由於梁柱接合處鋼筋量多,而不利於混凝土灌注,除易產生混凝土蜂窩現象外,衍生加水灌漿的不良行為,亦屬常見。 11、傳統RC構造絕大部分的工程都是在施工現場作業,其施工精度低劣,拆模後需大量粉刷整平與修飾等作業,除費工、費時外,更增加營建成本。 The deficiencies of the conventional RC structure are as follows: 1. It is known that more than 90% of the whole process of RC structure needs to be assembled and manufactured on the construction site, the overall operation efficiency is poor, and the accuracy and quality control are also poor. 2. With the global warming, it is known that the construction of RC structures is often carried out under scorching high temperature and dirty environment, or cannot be constructed due to rainy days, which affects work efficiency and also causes young people to be reluctant to invest in the construction industry. one. 3. With the growth of the global economy, it is gradually difficult to introduce foreign labor, and the local skilled labor is getting older and older, resulting in a serious shortage of labor in the construction industry. 4. Due to the large slenderness ratio of the steel bar, and only the steel wire is used to bind the steel bar, the assembled steel bar frame is not stable. 5. In order to facilitate the construction of the RC structure, the main reinforcement of the column on each floor must be lapped or connected by a coupler; relatively, the main reinforcement of the beam is relatively less connected; therefore, the conventional RC structure has the "strong beam". The potential problem of "weak columns", which can be exemplified by the collapse of buildings caused by earthquakes almost as a result of column damage. 6. When assembling the steel bar components of the foundation column, due to the lack of accurate and stable placement points, it can only be positioned by the simple tripod support type of steel bar erection. In addition to the inability to accurately locate, it is also difficult to ensure its uprightness. 7. It is known that during the construction of RC structure, the steel bar assembly, water and electricity elimination piping and formwork assembly usually need to be constructed interactively, often resulting in mutual waiting. In addition to wasting the construction period, it is also known that the water and electricity consumption pipe is broken when assembling the template. . 8. Formwork assembly and reinforcement assembly often do not have accurate and consistent reference lines for the two, often resulting in insufficient protective layer on one side and too thick protective layer on the other side. 9. It is difficult to assemble the formwork of special-shaped RC components such as columns, beams, slabs, and walls with different curvatures. Usually, polylon is needed to assist in the assembly. In addition to the risk of environmental pollution, the assembly accuracy is also poor. . 10. Due to the large amount of steel bars at the junction of beams and columns, it is not conducive to concrete pouring. In addition to the phenomenon of concrete honeycomb, it is also common to derive the bad behavior of adding water to grouting. 11. Most of the traditional RC structures are operated on the construction site, and the construction accuracy is poor. After the formwork is removed, a lot of painting, leveling and decoration are required, which not only takes labor and time, but also increases the construction cost.

本發明之主要目的,係在提供一種以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,可有效解決傳統鋼筋混凝土構造在施工作業時所存在之缺失。The main purpose of the present invention is to provide a reinforced concrete structure construction method in which section steel is used to replace part of the steel bars, which can effectively solve the defects existing in the construction operation of the traditional reinforced concrete structure.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,係先於工廠生產柱、梁、牆、板之各加勁構件後再運送至建築施工現場進行組裝搭建,其施工步驟如下: 1、放樣; 2、建構基座板:依放樣位置建置基礎,並利用於該基礎下部欲設置柱體之位置處各構建有基座板,於該基座板上設有數個錨定扣件; 3、加勁構件組裝:將柱加勁構件、梁加勁構件、牆加勁構件及板加勁構件予以相互組接搭建; (1) 柱加勁構件之組立,將該柱加勁構件吊掛於基礎位置,使該柱連接板置於該基座板上,而該基座板上之錨定扣件係穿設於該柱加勁構件之柱座連接板上之柱座錨定孔,將該柱加勁構件調整至精確位置後,藉由鎖固元件鎖固於錨定扣件上,將該柱加勁構件之柱座連接板固定於該基座板上,而欲延伸樓層,則藉由型鋼續接板及鋼筋續接器向上聯結另一柱加勁構件; (2)梁加勁構件之組立,係將該梁加勁構件推升或吊至相鄰的兩該柱加勁構件之間,並使該梁加勁構件之端部位於柱梁連接組件之位置處,並由該柱梁連接組件上之扣接件穿設於該梁加勁構件端部之組接孔內將之鎖固扣接,再將梁鋼筋外端之預留長度推拉伸至柱內或延伸至相鄰之梁內,完成將該梁加勁構件組立於相鄰之兩該柱加勁構件間; (3)牆加勁構件之組立,將數件該牆加勁構件直向排列,再將該牆加勁構件之主桿件端部上的組接孔對應於該梁加勁構件之梁牆連接組件,並由扣接件將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之該鋼筋外端伸至柱內及梁內,完成該牆加勁構件之組立; (4)板加勁構件之組立,將數件該板加勁構件水平排列,再將該板加勁構件之主桿件端部上的組接孔對應於該梁加勁構件之梁板連接組件,並由扣接件將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之該鋼筋外端伸至梁內,完成該板加勁構件之組立; 4、智慧監控系統建立:於各該柱加勁構件、各該梁加勁構件、各該牆加勁構件及各該板加勁構件上設置應變/應力感測元件,在各柱加勁構件上設置三軸向加速度/傾斜感測元件,並藉由訊號線連接至物聯網模組上,並接上雲端,即可實施RC構造之施工安全監控; 5、水電消配管:根據水電及消防設計於各加勁構件中配置水電、消防等管線與配件; 6、模板組裝:於各加勁構件之外部組裝模板形成灌漿空間; 7、混凝土灌漿:依設計配比攪注混凝土,並控制其灌漿速度,避免模板產生大的變形或爆模現象; 8、拆模:待混凝土凝固至一定強度後即可進行拆模; 9、完工。 The reinforced concrete structure construction method of the present invention replaces part of steel bars with profiled steel, and is transported to the construction site for assembly and construction before the factory produces the stiffening components of columns, beams, walls and slabs, and the construction steps are as follows: 1. Stake out; 2. Constructing the base plate: Build the foundation according to the staking position, and use the base plate at the position where the column is to be set at the lower part of the foundation, and there are several anchoring fasteners on the base plate; 3. Stiffening component assembly: Assemble column stiffening components, beam stiffening components, wall stiffening components and plate stiffening components to build up; (1) Assembly of the column stiffening member, hanging the column stiffening member at the base position, placing the column connecting plate on the base plate, and the anchoring fasteners on the base plate passing through the column The column base anchoring hole on the column base connecting plate of the stiffening member, after adjusting the column stiffening member to the precise position, lock it on the anchoring fastener by the locking element, and the column base connecting plate of the column stiffening member It is fixed on the base plate, and if the floor is to be extended, another column stiffening member is connected upwards by means of a section steel connecting plate and a steel connecting rod; (2) The assembly of the beam stiffening member is to push up or hoist the beam stiffening member between the two adjacent column stiffening members, and make the end of the beam stiffening member located at the position of the column-beam connection assembly, and The fastener on the column-beam connecting component is inserted into the assembly hole at the end of the beam stiffening member to lock and fasten it, and then push and stretch the reserved length of the outer end of the beam reinforcement into the column or extend To the adjacent beam, complete the assembly of the beam stiffening member between the two adjacent column stiffening members; (3) For the assembly of wall stiffening members, arrange several pieces of the wall stiffening members in a vertical direction, and then the assembly holes on the ends of the main members of the wall stiffening members correspond to the beam-wall connecting components of the beam stiffening members, and The fasteners are used to lock and fasten them to each other, and then bind several horizontal and vertical staggered steel bars on the inside and outside to form a lattice frame, and extend the horizontal and vertical outer ends of the steel bars into the column and beam. , to complete the assembly of the wall stiffening components; (4) Assembly of plate stiffening members, arrange several pieces of the plate stiffening members horizontally, and then the assembly holes on the end of the main member of the plate stiffening member correspond to the beam-slab connection components of the beam stiffening member, and are connected by The fasteners lock and fasten them to each other, and then bind several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars on the upper and lower layers to form a lattice frame, and extend the horizontal and vertical steel bars into the beam to complete the board. Assembly of stiffening members; 4. Establishment of an intelligent monitoring system: set up strain/stress sensing elements on each column stiffening member, each beam stiffening member, each wall stiffening member and each plate stiffening member, and set up three-axis on each column stiffening member The acceleration/tilt sensing element is connected to the IoT module through the signal line, and connected to the cloud to implement the construction safety monitoring of the RC structure; 5. Water and electricity piping: according to the design of water, electricity and fire protection, pipelines and accessories such as water, electricity and fire protection are arranged in each stiffening member; 6. Formwork assembly: form a grouting space by assembling formwork on the outside of each stiffening member; 7. Concrete grouting: pour concrete according to the design ratio, and control its grouting speed to avoid large deformation or bursting of the formwork; 8. Demolition of formwork: The formwork can be demolished after the concrete has solidified to a certain strength; 9. Completion.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於相鄰的兩該牆加勁構件間設有數固接件,而該等固接件係由扣接件鎖固於相鄰的兩次桿件上,形成格框式架構之牆部,再於格框式架構之牆部內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀。According to the present invention, the reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of the steel bars with section steel, wherein several fixing pieces are arranged between two adjacent wall stiffening members, and these fixing pieces are locked to the two adjacent two adjacent wall stiffening pieces by fasteners. On the secondary member, the wall portion of the lattice frame structure is formed, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars are bound inside and outside the wall portion of the lattice frame structure to form a lattice frame shape.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於相鄰的兩該板加勁構件間設有數固接件,而該等固接件係由扣接件鎖固於相鄰的兩次桿件上,形成格框式架構之板部,再於格框式架構之板部上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀。According to the present invention, the reinforced concrete structure construction method in which part of the steel bars are replaced by section steel, wherein several fixing pieces are arranged between two adjacent plate stiffening members, and these fixing pieces are locked to the two adjacent two adjacent pieces by the fasteners. On the secondary member, the plate part of the lattice frame structure is formed, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars are bound on the upper and lower layers of the plate part of the lattice frame structure to form a lattice frame shape.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該格框式架構之板部內置入有數個空心元件。In the present invention, a reinforced concrete structure construction method in which a part of steel bars is replaced by section steel, wherein a plurality of hollow elements are embedded in the plate portion of the lattice-type structure.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該模板上設有數個穿孔,並藉由鎖固組件與該柱、梁、牆、板之各加勁構件上之連接件相互螺鎖固。According to the present invention, the reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of the steel bars with section steel, wherein a plurality of perforations are arranged on the formwork, and the connecting pieces on the stiffening elements of the columns, beams, walls, and slabs are mutually screwed by means of the locking elements. lock.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該模板之外側加設數支加固材,加強該模板架設之穩固性。In the present invention, a reinforced concrete structure construction method in which a part of steel bars is replaced by section steel, wherein several reinforcing materials are added on the outer side of the formwork to enhance the stability of the formwork erection.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該模板之內面設有加勁座,該加勁座內設有插槽,於該柱、梁、牆、板之各加勁構件外側面上加裝有插板配件,該插板配件係插設入該模板之加勁座的插槽內,將模板穩固組裝定位。In the present invention, the reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of the steel bars with section steel, wherein a stiffening seat is arranged on the inner surface of the formwork, and a slot is arranged in the stiffening seat, and each stiffening member of the column, beam, wall and plate is arranged outside. A plug-in board fitting is added on the side, and the plug-in board fitting is inserted into the slot of the stiffening seat of the template to stably assemble and position the template.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,利用該鎖固組件來組立該模板之方式,可利用其拆模後留下之該連接件來鎖固三角架,於該三角架上鋪上踏板與護欄可成為穩固的工作台。In the present invention, the reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of the steel bars with section steel, wherein, the method of using the locking component to assemble the formwork can use the connecting piece left after the formwork is removed to lock the tripod. Top bunk with treads and guardrails to become a stable workbench.

本發明以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其優點係在: 1、本發明將傳統RC構造的柱、梁、牆、板之部分鋼筋以型鋼替代,可增加所組立之加勁構件的整體穩定性之外,也有利於可先在工廠生產柱、梁、牆、板等加勁構件。 2、於柱、梁、牆、板之加勁構件上設置柱與梁、梁與牆以及梁與板等連接組件,以及其與模板組裝之連接件,除可控制模板組裝之精準度外,亦可確保加勁材之保護層厚度,對異形構件亦具使用性。 3、可依據所能運輸加勁構件的長度,規劃立柱加勁構材搭接之樓層數,例如12米規格者可以三層樓內錯開搭接一處,可改善傳統RC工法需要每層搭接之缺失,進而達到「強柱弱梁」之設計理想。 4、本發明之工法的模板可適用於傳統模板、清水模板、混凝土板與裝飾板等,而且容易與加勁構件扣接,尤其使用清水模板、混凝土板與裝飾板更可節省粉刷與裝飾等工程費用及其作業工期。 5、本發明之加勁構件及模板組件,均可先在工廠進行加工,並且可配合工廠自動化生產,除可不受施工現場惡劣環境影響外,也可減少技術勞工之需求,而且可以增進構件的製作精度。 6、柱的加勁構件底部固接一個柱座連接板,其可用以與基礎基座之錨定扣件結合外,亦可用以其來進行微調,俾以準確放置柱加勁構件。 7、為達成「強柱弱梁」之設計需求,乃在梁與柱接合之梁的塑性鉸接處將梁加勁構件的型鋼上設有幾何形狀的裁切口,以確保塑性鉸接處能產生在結構分析位置上。 8、本發明之工法,特別於柱、梁之加勁構件可能產塑性鉸接處裝設應變/應力感測元件;而且在柱上裝設有三軸向加速度/傾斜感測元件,並使用物聯網(IoT)模組聯結並上傳至雲端,來監測RC構造施工所產生的變形與傾斜外,亦可做為完工後建物的智慧監控與預警裝置。 9、緣於本發明之工法,柱梁之部分鋼筋以型鋼替代,且以柱梁連接組件相互固接,因此可以改善傳統梁柱接合處鋼筋量多而混凝土灌漿空間減少之缺失,因而可減少混凝土蜂窩之發生。 10、本發明可用於一般建築物,亦可以使用於各種土木工程、大地工程、水利工程等RC構造物。 11、本發明因使用模板連接組件來組裝模板,待灌注混凝土凝固達到一定強度後,可藉以來扣接三角架,用以搭建工作台,可免除鷹架搭建,俾以節省鷹架費用與減少鷹架災害事故,而若用於橋梁的長墩柱施工,則可替代鋼製滑動模板。 12、經由本發明之實施,預估的全程工序約有70%以上都可在工廠組裝製作完成,並可配合5G、IoT與AI等技術,讓RC建築施工與使用均能落實至既安全又健康之目標。 The present invention replaces the reinforced concrete structure construction method of some steel bars with section steel, and its advantages are: 1. The present invention replaces some of the steel bars of the columns, beams, walls, and slabs of the traditional RC structure with section steel, which can increase the overall stability of the assembled stiffening members, and is also conducive to the production of columns, beams, and walls in factories. , plates and other stiffening components. 2. On the stiffening components of columns, beams, walls, and slabs, connecting components such as columns and beams, beams and walls, and beams and slabs, as well as the connecting parts assembled with the formwork, can be set up, in addition to controlling the accuracy of formwork assembly, also It can ensure the thickness of the protective layer of the stiffener, and is also usable for special-shaped components. 3. According to the length of the stiffening members that can be transported, plan the number of floors where the column stiffening members are overlapped. For example, a 12-meter-sized building can be staggered and overlapped at one place in a three-story building, which can improve the traditional RC construction method. The design ideal of "strong columns and weak beams" is achieved. 4. The formwork of the construction method of the present invention can be applied to traditional formwork, clear water formwork, concrete slab and decorative board, etc., and is easy to be buckled with stiffening members, especially the use of clear water formwork, concrete slab and decorative board can save painting and decoration works. costs and the duration of their work. 5. The stiffening member and formwork assembly of the present invention can be processed in the factory first, and can cooperate with the automatic production of the factory. In addition to being not affected by the harsh environment of the construction site, the demand for skilled labor can also be reduced, and the production of components can be improved. precision. 6. A column base connecting plate is fixed to the bottom of the column's stiffening member, which can be used to combine with the anchoring fastener of the foundation base, and can also be used for fine-tuning, so as to accurately place the column stiffening member. 7. In order to meet the design requirements of "strong column and weak beam", geometrical cutouts are set on the section steel of the beam stiffening member at the plastic hinge of the beam where the beam and the column are joined to ensure that the plastic hinge can be produced in the structure. analysis location. 8. In the construction method of the present invention, strain/stress sensing elements are installed at the places where the stiffening members of columns and beams may produce plastic hinges; and three-axial acceleration/inclination sensing elements are installed on the columns, and the use of the Internet of Things ( IoT) module is connected and uploaded to the cloud to monitor the deformation and inclination of the RC structure construction, and it can also be used as a smart monitoring and early warning device for the building after completion. 9. Due to the construction method of the present invention, part of the steel bars of the column and beam are replaced by section steel, and the column-beam connecting components are fixed to each other, so it can improve the traditional beam-column joints. The occurrence of concrete honeycombs. 10. The present invention can be used in general buildings, and can also be used in various RC structures such as civil engineering, earth engineering, water conservancy engineering and so on. 11. The present invention uses the formwork connection assembly to assemble the formwork. After the poured concrete solidifies to a certain strength, the tripod can be used to fasten the tripod to build the workbench, and the scaffolding construction can be avoided, so as to save the scaffolding cost and reduce Scaffolding disaster accident, and if used for the construction of long piers of bridges, it can replace the steel sliding formwork. 12. Through the implementation of the present invention, more than 70% of the estimated whole process can be assembled and manufactured in the factory, and can be combined with 5G, IoT and AI technologies, so that the construction and use of RC buildings can be implemented safely and securely. health goals.

有關本發明為達上述之使用目的與功效,所採用之技術手段,茲舉出較佳可行之實施例,並配合圖式所示,詳述如下:In order to achieve the above-mentioned purpose and effect of the present invention, the technical means adopted are hereby citing preferable feasible embodiments, which are described in detail as follows:

本發明RC構造之鋼筋結構主要係以型鋼取代部分鋼筋來組立結構之構件,稱之為「加勁構件」,俾以區別習知之鋼筋構件,而該加勁構件可先行在工廠生產後再運送至現場組裝搭建。The steel bar structure of the RC structure of the present invention mainly replaces some steel bars with section steel to assemble the structural members, which are called "stiffening members", so as to distinguish the conventional steel members, and the stiffening members can be first produced in the factory and then transported to the site. Assemble and build.

本發明各加勁構件之實施例,請參閱第2~13圖所示,本發明之加勁構件分為柱加勁構件2、梁加勁構件3、牆加勁構件4及板加勁構件5等,其中,該柱加勁構件2係設有一柱座連接板20,該柱座連接板20上設有數個柱座錨定孔200(如第2、2A圖所示),該柱座連接板20上焊固有數支柱型鋼21,於兩兩該柱型鋼21之間設有數支柱鋼筋22(將習知RC構造之部分柱主鋼筋以柱型鋼替代),而於該柱型鋼21與該柱鋼筋22之外部圈繞有數個柱箍筋23並以焊接方式予以焊固,並設置有數支繫筋24,另於該柱型鋼21與該柱鋼筋22之外部圍繞設有數組柱梁連接組件25及柱模板連接組件26(如第2B圖所示,將習知RC構造之部分柱箍筋以柱梁連接組件25及柱模板連接組件26替代),該柱梁連接組件25及該柱模板連接組件26可以焊接方式固設於該柱型鋼21上,亦可以螺絲、螺帽之螺鎖扣接方式固設於該柱型鋼21上,該柱梁連接組件25上組設有扣接件250(該扣接件250可設為螺絲、螺帽),該柱模板連接組件26上設有連接件27,該柱型鋼21之端部上設有供續接另一柱型鋼21之型鋼續接板28,該柱鋼筋22之端部上設有供續接另一柱鋼筋22之鋼筋續接器29(如第2、2C圖所示);該柱加勁結構2之第二實施例,請參閱第3、3A、3B圖所示,係將第一實施例之柱座連接板20上焊固有數支柱型鋼21與柱鋼筋22,該柱型鋼21與該柱鋼筋22係依設計設為曲線形,且在該柱型鋼21上設有數個柱、梁連結的組接孔210(如第3B圖所示),而構建成異形柱加勁結構2;該梁加勁構件3係設有數支梁型鋼30(如第4、4A圖所示),該梁型鋼30之二端部上各設有組接孔300,另於該梁型鋼30近兩端部上各設有裁切口301,於兩兩該梁型鋼30之間設有數支梁鋼筋31(將習知RC構造之部分梁主鋼筋以梁型鋼替代),而梁鋼筋31之外端向外延伸設有預留長度310(該預留長度310在安裝前先縮入於梁內),而於該梁型鋼30與該梁鋼筋31之外部圈繞有數個梁箍筋32並以焊接方式予以焊固,另於該梁型鋼30之外部圍繞設有數組梁牆連接組件33及梁板連接組件34(如第4A圖所示,將習知RC構造之部分梁箍筋以梁牆連接組件33及梁板連接組件34替代),該梁牆連接組件33及該梁板連接組件34可以焊接方式固設於該梁型鋼30上,亦可以螺絲、螺帽之螺鎖扣接方式固設於該梁型鋼30上,該梁牆連接組件33上組設有扣接件330(該扣接件330可設為螺絲、螺帽),該梁板連接組件34上設有扣接件340及連接件27;該梁加勁結構3之第二實施例,請參閱第5、5A所示,係將第一實施例之數支梁型鋼30與梁鋼筋31依設計輾彎成曲線形,於深梁之梁腹設置有數支腹筋35,並綁紮有數支繫筋36,以增強深梁之抗剪力,且在該梁型鋼30上焊接有數個梁柱連結板37,該梁柱連接板37上設有數個組接孔370用以與異形柱加勁構件2相互扣接,以之形成異形梁加勁構件3;該牆加勁構件4可由數種形式構成,該牆加勁構件4之第一實施例,請參閱第6、6A圖所示,係由二型鋼相對設置組成之主桿件40,該主桿件40之二端部上各設有一組接孔400,二該主桿件40之相對內、外壁面上設有數個連接件27,二該主桿件40之間設有數個次桿件41,該次桿件41係以焊接或螺絲、螺帽固設於該主桿件40上,該次桿件41係為L型之固定件,該次桿件41上組設有扣接件410;該牆加勁構件4之第二實施例,請參閱第7圖所示,係於第一實施例之二該主桿件40與二該次桿件41之間加設數支斜桿件42而成桁架式;該牆加勁構件4之第三實施例,請參閱第8圖所示,係由二型鋼相對設置組成之主桿件40,該主桿件40之二端部上各設有一組接孔400,二該主桿件40之相對內、外壁面上設有數個連接件27,二該主桿件40之間設有數個次桿件43,該次桿件43係以焊接或螺絲、螺帽固設於該主桿件40上;該牆加勁構件4之第四實施例,請參閱第9圖所示,係於第三實施例之二該主桿件40與二該次桿件43之間加設數支斜桿件42而成桁架式;該板加勁構件5亦可由數種形式構成,該板加勁構件5之第一實施例,請參閱第10、10A圖所示,係由二型鋼相對設置組成之主桿件50,該主桿件50之二端部上各設有一組接孔500,位於下方之該主桿件50之板面上設有數個連接件27,二該主桿件50之間設有數個次桿件51,該次桿件51係以焊接或螺絲、螺帽固設於該主桿件50上,該次桿件51係為L型之固定件,該次桿件51上組設有扣接件510;該板加勁構件5之第二實施例,請參閱第11圖所示,係於第一實施例之二該主桿件50與二該次桿件51之間加設數支斜桿件52而成桁架式;該板加勁構件5之第三實施例,請參閱第12圖所示,係由二型鋼相對設置組成之主桿件50,該主桿件50之二端部上各設有一組接孔500,位於下方之該主桿件50之板面上設有數個連接件27,二該主桿件50之間設有數個次桿件53,該次桿件53係以焊接或螺絲、螺帽固設於該主桿件50上;該板加勁構件5之第四實施例,請參閱第13圖所示,係於第三實施例之二該主桿件50與二該次桿件53之間加設數支斜桿件52而成桁架式,如此,即為以型鋼取代部分鋼筋來組立鋼筋混凝土構造之加勁結構。For the embodiments of the stiffening members of the present invention, please refer to Figures 2 to 13. The stiffening members of the present invention are divided into column stiffening members 2, beam stiffening members 3, wall stiffening members 4 and plate stiffening members 5, etc. The column stiffening member 2 is provided with a column base connecting plate 20. The column base connecting plate 20 is provided with several column base anchoring holes 200 (as shown in Figures 2 and 2A). The pillar shaped steel 21 is provided with several pillar steel bars 22 between the two column shaped steel bars 21 (part of the column main steel bars of the conventional RC structure are replaced by column shaped steel bars), and the column shaped steel 21 and the column steel bar 22 are wound around the outside There are several column stirrups 23 and are welded and fixed by welding, and several tie bars 24 are provided. In addition, an array of column beam connection components 25 and column formwork connection components 26 are arranged around the column steel 21 and the column reinforcement 22. (As shown in FIG. 2B, part of the column stirrups in the conventional RC structure are replaced by the column-beam connecting assembly 25 and the column-formwork connecting assembly 26), the column-beam connecting assembly 25 and the column-formwork connecting assembly 26 can be fixed by welding. It is arranged on the column steel 21, and can also be fixed on the column steel 21 by means of screw and nut locking. The column formwork connection assembly 26 is provided with a connecting piece 27, the end of the column section steel 21 is provided with a section steel connecting plate 28 for connecting to another column section steel 21, the column steel bar 22 The end of the steel bar is provided with a steel bar coupler 29 (as shown in Figures 2 and 2C) for connecting to another column steel bar 22; for the second embodiment of the column stiffening structure 2, please refer to Sections 3, 3A, 3B As shown in the figure, the column base connecting plate 20 of the first embodiment is welded with a fixed number of column steel 21 and column steel bar 22. The column steel 21 and the column steel bar 22 are curved according to the design, and the column steel 21 is provided with several assembly holes 210 for connecting columns and beams (as shown in Figure 3B), and a special-shaped column stiffening structure 2 is constructed; As shown in the figure), the two ends of the beam steel 30 are provided with assembly holes 300, and the near two ends of the beam steel 30 are provided with cutting slits 301, between the beam steel 30. There are several beam reinforcement bars 31 (part of the beam main reinforcement bars of the conventional RC structure are replaced by beam steel bars), and the outer end of the beam reinforcement bars 31 extends outward with a reserved length 310 (the reserved length 310 is retracted before installation). In the beam), and a plurality of beam stirrups 32 are wound around the outer circle of the beam section steel 30 and the beam steel bar 31 and are welded by welding, and an array of beam-wall connection components are arranged around the outside of the beam section steel 30 33 and the beam-slab connecting element 34 (as shown in Figure 4A, part of the beam stirrups of the conventional RC structure are replaced by the beam-wall connecting element 33 and the beam-slab connecting element 34), the beam-wall connecting element 33 and the beam-slab The connecting element 34 can be fixed on the beam-shaped steel 30 by welding, or can be fixed on the beam-shaped steel 30 by means of screws and nuts. The beam-wall connecting element 33 is assembled with a fastener 33 0 (the fastener 330 can be set as a screw or a nut), the beam-plate connecting component 34 is provided with a fastener 340 and a connector 27; for the second embodiment of the beam stiffening structure 3, please refer to Sections 5, 5 and 27. As shown in 5A, several beam-shaped steels 30 and beam steel bars 31 of the first embodiment are bent into a curved shape according to the design, and several web bars 35 are arranged on the beam web of the deep beam, and several tie bars 36 are bound to strengthen the structure. The shear resistance of the deep beam, and several beam-column connecting plates 37 are welded on the beam-shaped steel 30. The beam-column connecting plate 37 is provided with several assembly holes 370 for interlocking with the special-shaped column stiffening member 2 to form Special-shaped beam stiffening member 3; the wall stiffening member 4 can be composed of several forms, the first embodiment of the wall stiffening member 4, please refer to Figs. , a set of connecting holes 400 are respectively provided on the two ends of the main rod 40 , several connecting pieces 27 are arranged on the opposite inner and outer walls of the two main rods 40 , and several connecting pieces 27 are arranged between the two main rods 40 The secondary rod 41, the secondary rod 41 is fixed on the main rod 40 by welding or screws or nuts, the secondary rod 41 is an L-shaped fixing member, and the secondary rod 41 is assembled with Fastening member 410; the second embodiment of the wall stiffening member 4, please refer to FIG. 7, and several pieces are added between the main rod 40 and the secondary rod 41 of the second embodiment of the first embodiment The oblique member 42 is formed into a truss type; the third embodiment of the wall stiffening member 4, please refer to Fig. 8, is a main member 40 composed of two sections of steel opposed to each other, the two ends of the main member 40 are There is a set of connecting holes 400 on each of the two main rods 40 , several connecting pieces 27 are arranged on the opposite inner and outer walls of the two main rods 40 , and several secondary rods 43 are arranged between the two main rods 40 . The secondary rods 43 It is fixed on the main rod member 40 by welding or screws or nuts; the fourth embodiment of the wall stiffening member 4, please refer to FIG. 9, which is the main rod member 40 in the second embodiment of the third embodiment. Several diagonal members 42 are added between the two secondary members 43 to form a truss type; the plate stiffening member 5 can also be composed of several forms. For the first embodiment of the plate stiffening member 5, please refer to Section 10, As shown in Figure 10A, it is a main rod member 50 composed of two sections of steel opposed to each other. The two ends of the main rod member 50 are respectively provided with a set of connecting holes 500, and the plate surface of the main rod member 50 located below is provided with several There are two connecting pieces 27, and several secondary pieces 51 are arranged between the two main pieces 50. The secondary pieces 51 are fixed on the main piece 50 by welding or screws or nuts. The secondary pieces 51 are It is an L-shaped fixing member, and a fastener 510 is assembled on the secondary rod member 51; the second embodiment of the plate stiffening member 5, please refer to FIG. 11, which is related to the second embodiment of the first embodiment. A number of diagonal members 52 are added between the rod member 50 and the two secondary rod members 51 to form a truss type; the third embodiment of the plate stiffening member 5, please refer to Fig. 12, which is formed by two steel sections. The main rod member 50 is formed. The two ends of the main rod member 50 are respectively provided with a set of connecting holes 500. The plate surface of the main rod member 50 located below is provided with several connecting members 27. The two main rod members A number of secondary rods 53 are arranged between 50, and the secondary rods 53 are fixed on the main rod 50 by welding or screws or nuts; for the fourth embodiment of the plate stiffening member 5, please refer to FIG. 13 As shown in the third embodiment, several diagonal members 52 are added between the main member 50 and the two secondary members 53 to form a truss type, so that the steel bars are assembled by replacing part of the steel bars with section steel. Stiffening structure of concrete structure.

本發明之柱、梁、牆、板之加勁構件亦可由扣接方式取代焊接方式來完成,扣接方式可由螺絲與螺帽a相互螺鎖固定,如第14圖所示,以扣接方式來組裝,因為沒有使用焊接,因而較無焊接之熱溫差產生之差異變形。The stiffening members of the columns, beams, walls, and plates of the present invention can also be completed by a snap connection instead of a welding method, and the snap connection can be fixed by mutual screw locking of screws and nuts a. As shown in Fig. 14, a snap connection Assembling, because no welding is used, the deformation is different from the difference in thermal temperature difference without welding.

本發明先於工廠生產上述各加勁構件後再運送至建築施工現場進行組裝搭建,請參閱第15~19A圖所示,其施工步驟如下: 1、  放樣; 2、  建構基座板:請參閱第16、16A圖所示,依放樣位置建置基礎6,並利用該基礎6下部欲設置柱體之位置處構建有基座板60,於該基座板60上設有數個錨定扣件61; 3、  加勁構件組裝:請參閱第16~18A圖所示,將柱加勁構件2、梁加勁構件3、牆加勁構件4及板加勁構件5予以相互組接搭建; (1)  柱加勁構件2之組立,將柱加勁構件2吊掛於基礎6位置,使柱連接板20置於基座板60上(如第16A圖所示),而該基座板60上之錨定扣件61係穿設於該柱加勁構件2之柱座連接板20上之柱座錨定孔200,將柱加勁構件2調整至精確位置後,藉由鎖固元件62鎖固於錨定扣件61上,將柱加勁構件2之柱座連接板20固定於基座板60上,而為增加柱加勁構件2的穩定性,可利用斜桿或拉索加以支撐,而欲延伸樓層,則藉由型鋼續接板27及鋼筋續接器28向上聯結另一柱加勁構件2(如第16D圖所示); (2)  梁加勁構件3之組立,係將梁加勁構件3推升或吊至相鄰的兩柱加勁構件2之間,並使梁加勁構件3之端部位於柱梁連接組件25之位置處(如第16B圖所示),並由柱梁連接組件25上之扣接件250穿設於梁加勁構件3端部之組接孔300內將之鎖固扣接,再將梁鋼筋31之預留長度310推拉伸至柱內或延伸至相鄰之梁內,完成將梁加勁構件3組立於相鄰之兩柱加勁構件2間; (3)  牆加勁構件4之組立,將數件牆加勁構件4直向排列(如第17、17A圖所示),再將牆加勁構件4之主桿件40端部上的組接孔400對應於梁加勁構件3之梁牆連接組件33,並由扣接件330將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋44形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之鋼筋44外端伸至柱內及梁內,完成牆加勁構件4之組立; (4)  板加勁構件5之組立,將數件板加勁構件5水平排列(如第18、18A圖所示),再將板加勁構件5之主桿件50端部上的組接孔500對應於梁加勁構件3之梁板連接組件34,並由扣接件340將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋54形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之鋼筋54外端伸至梁內,完成板加勁構件5之組立; 4、智慧監控系統建立:於各柱加勁構件2、各梁加勁構件3、各牆加勁構件4及各板加勁構件5上設置應變/應力感測元件70,在各柱加勁構件2上設置三軸向加速度/傾斜感測元件71,藉由訊號線72連接至物聯網(IoT)模組73上(如第16~16D圖所示),並接上雲端,即可實施RC構造之施工安全監控; 5、水電消配管:根據水電及消防設計於加勁構件中配置水電、消防等管線與配件; 6、  模板組裝:於各加勁構件之外部組裝模板8形成灌漿空間,如第16、19圖所示; 7、混凝土灌漿:依設計配比攪注混凝土,並控制其灌漿速度,避免模板產生大的變形或爆模現象; 8、  拆模:待混凝土凝固至一定強度後即可進行拆模; 9、完工。 In the present invention, the above-mentioned stiffening components are produced in the factory before being transported to the construction site for assembly and construction. Please refer to Figures 15 to 19A. The construction steps are as follows: 1. Stake out; 2. Construction of the base plate: Please refer to Figures 16 and 16A, build the foundation 6 according to the setting out position, and use the lower part of the foundation 6 to build a base plate 60 at the position where the column is to be arranged, on the base plate 60 is provided with several anchoring fasteners 61; 3. Stiffening member assembly: Please refer to Figures 16 to 18A, and assemble the column stiffening member 2, beam stiffening member 3, wall stiffening member 4 and plate stiffening member 5 to each other to build; (1) Assembly of the column stiffening member 2, hang the column stiffening member 2 at the position of the foundation 6, so that the column connecting plate 20 is placed on the base plate 60 (as shown in Fig. 16A), and the base plate 60 is placed on the base plate 60. The anchoring fastener 61 is passed through the column seat anchoring hole 200 on the column seat connecting plate 20 of the column stiffening member 2. After the column stiffening member 2 is adjusted to a precise position, it is locked by the locking element 62. On the anchoring fastener 61, the column base connecting plate 20 of the column stiffening member 2 is fixed on the base plate 60, and in order to increase the stability of the column stiffening member 2, it can be supported by inclined rods or cables, and the extension On the floor, another column stiffening member 2 is connected upward by means of the section steel connecting plate 27 and the reinforcing steel connecting plate 28 (as shown in Fig. 16D); (2) The assembly of the beam stiffening member 3 is to push up or hoist the beam stiffening member 3 between the adjacent two column stiffening members 2, and make the end of the beam stiffening member 3 located at the position of the column-beam connecting assembly 25 (As shown in Figure 16B), the fastener 250 on the column-beam connecting assembly 25 is inserted into the assembly hole 300 at the end of the beam stiffening member 3 to lock and fasten it, and then the beam reinforcement 31 is fastened. The reserved length 310 is pushed and stretched into the column or extended into the adjacent beam, and the beam stiffening member 3 is assembled between the adjacent two column stiffening members 2; (3) For the assembly of the wall stiffening members 4, arrange several wall stiffening members 4 in a vertical direction (as shown in Figures 17 and 17A), and then connect the assembly holes 400 on the end of the main rod 40 of the wall stiffening members 4 Corresponding to the beam-to-wall connection components 33 of the beam stiffening member 3, they are locked and fastened to each other by the fasteners 330, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars 44 are bound inside and outside to form a lattice frame. The outer ends of the horizontal and vertical steel bars 44 are extended into the columns and beams to complete the assembly of the wall stiffening members 4; (4) Assembly of the plate stiffening members 5, arrange several pieces of the plate stiffening members 5 horizontally (as shown in Figures 18 and 18A), and then align the assembly holes 500 on the end of the main rod 50 of the plate stiffening member 5 to correspond to The beam-slab connection assembly 34 of the beam stiffening member 3 is locked and fastened to each other by the fasteners 340, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars 54 are bound on the upper and lower layers to form a lattice frame. And the outer end of the straight steel bar 54 extends into the beam to complete the assembly of the plate stiffening member 5; 4. Establishment of an intelligent monitoring system: Strain/stress sensing elements 70 are set on each column stiffening member 2, each beam stiffening member 3, each wall stiffening member 4 and each plate stiffening member 5, and three are set on each column stiffening member 2. The axial acceleration/tilt sensing element 71 is connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) module 73 (as shown in Figures 16-16D) through the signal line 72, and connected to the cloud, so that the construction safety of the RC structure can be implemented monitor; 5. Water and electricity piping: according to the design of water, electricity and fire protection, pipelines and accessories such as water, electricity and fire protection are arranged in the stiffening components; 6. Formwork assembly: form a grouting space by assembling formwork 8 on the outside of each stiffening member, as shown in Figures 16 and 19; 7. Concrete grouting: pour concrete according to the design ratio, and control its grouting speed to avoid large deformation or bursting of the formwork; 8. Removal of formwork: The formwork can be removed after the concrete has solidified to a certain strength; 9. Completion.

施工方法中之牆加勁構件4之組立方式可為多種樣式,應用前述牆加勁構件4之第一實施例所述,請參閱第6、17、17A圖所示,將數件牆加勁構件4直向排列,並於相鄰的兩牆加勁構件4間設有數固接件411,而該固接件411係由扣接件410鎖固或焊接固設於相鄰的兩次桿件41上,形成格框式架構之牆部(如第17、17A圖所示),再將組立後之牆部的牆加勁構件4之主桿件40端部上的組接孔400對應於梁加勁構件3之梁牆連接組件33,並由扣接件330將之相互鎖固扣接,再於格框式架構之牆部內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋44形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之鋼筋44外端伸至柱內及梁內,完成牆加勁構件4之組立;而前述牆加勁構件4之第二實施例之組立方式如同第一實施例所述,故不再贅述;應用前述牆加勁構件4之第三實施例所述,請參閱第9、20、20A圖所示,同樣將數件牆加勁構件4直向排列,將牆加勁構件4之主桿件40端部上的組接孔400對應於梁加勁構件3之梁牆連接組件33,並由扣接件330將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋44形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之鋼筋44外端伸至柱內及梁內,完成牆加勁構件4之組立;而前述牆加勁構件4之第四實施例之組立方式如同第三實施例所述,故不再贅述。The assembly method of the wall stiffening members 4 in the construction method can be in various styles. The first embodiment of the aforementioned wall stiffening members 4 is applied. Please refer to Figures 6, 17 and 17A. The two adjacent wall stiffening members 4 are provided with several fixing pieces 411, and the fixing pieces 411 are fastened by the fasteners 410 or fixed on the adjacent two rods 41 by welding. Form the wall portion of the lattice frame structure (as shown in Figures 17 and 17A), and then connect the assembly hole 400 on the end of the main rod 40 of the wall stiffening member 4 of the assembled wall portion to correspond to the beam stiffening member 3. The beam-to-wall connection components 33 are locked and fastened to each other by the fasteners 330, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars 44 are bound inside and outside the wall of the lattice frame structure to form a lattice frame. And the outer ends of the straight steel bars 44 extend into the columns and beams to complete the assembly of the wall stiffening members 4; and the assembly method of the second embodiment of the aforementioned wall stiffening members 4 is the same as that described in the first embodiment, so it will not be repeated. ; As described in the third embodiment of the aforementioned wall stiffening member 4, please refer to Figures 9, 20, 20A, and also arrange several wall stiffening members 4 in a vertical direction, and the main rod 40 end of the wall stiffening member 4 The assembly hole 400 on the upper part corresponds to the beam-wall connecting component 33 of the beam stiffening member 3, and the fasteners 330 are used to lock and fasten them to each other, and then bind several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars inside and outside. 44 is formed into a lattice shape, and the outer ends of the transverse and vertical steel bars 44 are extended into the columns and beams to complete the assembly of the wall stiffening member 4; and the assembly method of the fourth embodiment of the aforementioned wall stiffening member 4 is the same as the third embodiment. The example is described, so it will not be repeated.

施工方法中之板加勁構件5之組立方式可為多種樣式,應用前述板加勁構件5之第一實施例所述,請參閱第10、18、18A圖所示,將數件板加勁構件5水平排列,並於相鄰的兩板加勁構件5間設有數固接件511,而該固接件511係由扣接件510鎖固扣接於相鄰的兩次桿件51上,形成格框式架構之板部(如第18、18A圖所示),再將組立後之格框狀板部之板加勁構件5之主桿件50端部上的組接孔500對應於梁加勁構件3之梁板連接組件34,並由扣接件340將之相互鎖固扣接,再於格框式架構之板部上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋54形成格框狀,將橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋54外端伸至梁內,完成板加勁構件5之組立;應用上述板加勁構件5之第一實施例所述組裝為格框式架構之板部,請參閱第10、21、21A圖所示,並於其內部置入數個空心元件55,形成格框式中空板加勁構件之組立;而前述板加勁構件5之第二實施例之組立方式如同第一實施例所述,故不再贅述;另,應用前述板加勁構件5之第三實施例所述,請參閱第12、22圖所示,同樣將數件板加勁構件5水平排列,將板加勁構件5之主桿件50端部上的組接孔500對應於梁加勁構件3之梁板連接組件34,並由扣接件340將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋54形成格框狀,將橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋54外端伸至梁內,完成板加勁構件5之組立;而前述板加勁構件5之第四實施例之組立方式如同第三實施例所述,故不再贅述。In the construction method, the plate stiffening members 5 can be assembled in a variety of styles. The first embodiment of the aforementioned plate stiffening members 5 is applied. Please refer to Figures 10, 18, and 18A. Arrangement, and there are several fixing pieces 511 between the two adjacent two plate stiffening members 5, and the fixing pieces 511 are locked and fastened on the adjacent two rods 51 by the fastening pieces 510 to form a lattice frame (as shown in Figures 18 and 18A), and then the assembly hole 500 on the end of the main rod 50 of the plate stiffening member 5 of the lattice-shaped plate portion after assembly corresponds to the beam stiffening member 3. The beam-plate connection components 34 are locked and fastened to each other by the fasteners 340, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars 54 are bound on the upper and lower layers of the plate of the lattice-type structure to form a lattice-shaped frame. The outer ends of the transversely and vertically staggered reinforcing bars 54 extend into the beam to complete the assembly of the plate stiffening member 5; the first embodiment of the above-mentioned plate stiffening member 5 is used to assemble the plate portion of the lattice structure, please refer to Chapter 10 , 21, 21A, and several hollow elements 55 are placed inside to form the assembly of the lattice-type hollow plate stiffening member; and the assembly method of the second embodiment of the aforementioned plate stiffening member 5 is the same as the first embodiment. In addition, as described in the third embodiment of the aforementioned plate stiffening member 5, please refer to Figs. 12 and 22. Similarly, several plate stiffening members 5 are arranged horizontally, and the plate stiffening members 5 The assembly hole 500 on the end of the main rod member 50 corresponds to the beam-plate connecting component 34 of the beam stiffening member 3, and is locked and fastened with each other by the fastener 340, and then several horizontal branches are tied on the upper and lower layers. And the staggered steel bars 54 form a lattice frame, and the outer ends of the horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars 54 are extended into the beam to complete the assembly of the plate stiffening member 5; and the assembly method of the fourth embodiment of the aforementioned plate stiffening member 5 As described in the third embodiment, details are not repeated here.

施工方法中之模板組裝可為多種樣式,如第16、19、19A圖所示,將模板8依柱、梁、牆、板表面尺度裁切為最適性的板材,於模板8上設有數個穿孔80,藉由鎖固組件81與柱、梁、牆、板加勁構件上之連接件27相互螺鎖固,即可將模板8組裝於柱、梁、牆、板加勁構件之表面,另為加強模板8架設之穩固性,可於模板8之外側加設數支加固材82(如第19圖所示);另一模板之組裝樣式,請參閱第23、23A圖所示,於模板8之內面上設有加勁座83,該加勁座83內設有插槽830,於柱、梁、牆、板之加勁構件外側面上加裝有插板配件84,藉由插板配件84插設入模板8之加勁座83的插槽830內(如第23A圖所示),即可將模板8穩固組裝定位;而模板8亦可為傳統模板、清水模板、混凝土板及裝飾板等,其混凝土板依其性能可分成:預鑄混凝土(Precast concrete,PC)板、高性能混凝土(High performance concrete,HPC)板、超高性能混凝土(Ultra-High Performance Concrete,UHPC)板、工程用水泥基複合材料(Engineered Cementitious Composite,ECC)板與水泥板(Cement board)等,其裝飾板可使用:天然石材板、仿石材板與金屬板等板材,而傳統模板及清水模板灌漿後須進行拆模動作後,再經粉刷、裝飾即可完工,而混凝土板及裝飾板則無需拆模即可完工。The formwork assembly in the construction method can be in various styles. As shown in Figures 16, 19, and 19A, the formwork 8 is cut into the most suitable board according to the surface dimensions of the column, beam, wall and slab. Through the through hole 80, the formwork 8 can be assembled on the surface of the column, beam, wall, and plate stiffening member by screwing the locking member 81 and the connecting piece 27 on the column, beam, wall, and plate stiffening member. To enhance the stability of the erection of the formwork 8, several reinforcements 82 can be added to the outside of the formwork 8 (as shown in Figure 19). A stiffening seat 83 is arranged on the inner surface, and a slot 830 is arranged in the stiffening seat 83. A plug-in fitting 84 is installed on the outer side of the stiffening member of the column, beam, wall, and plate. By setting it into the slot 830 of the stiffening seat 83 of the formwork 8 (as shown in Figure 23A), the formwork 8 can be stably assembled and positioned; The concrete slab can be divided into: Precast concrete (PC) slab, High performance concrete (HPC) slab, Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) slab, engineering cement Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC) board and cement board (Cement board), etc. Its decorative board can be used: natural stone board, imitation stone board and metal board, etc., while traditional formwork and clear water formwork must be dismantled after grouting. After the formwork is moved, it can be finished by painting and decoration, while the concrete slab and the decorative slab can be completed without removing the formwork.

本發明利用鎖固組件81來組立模板之方式,可利用其拆模後留下之連接件27來鎖固三角架b,如第16圖所示,於三角架b上鋪上踏板與護欄即可成為穩固的工作台,因而可免除鷹架之施做,進而減少架設鷹架之工安災害。The present invention uses the locking element 81 to assemble the formwork, and the connecting piece 27 left after the mold is removed can be used to lock the tripod b. As shown in Fig. 16, a pedal and a guardrail are placed on the tripod b. It can become a stable workbench, thus eliminating the need for scaffolding, thereby reducing the safety hazards of scaffolding.

本發明之智慧監控系統在構造完工後,可將三軸向加速度/傾斜感測元件71轉正,安置於地面、各樓層及屋頂層,即可與應變/應力感測元件70連接到物聯網模組73來建構智慧居家安全監控系統。After the construction of the intelligent monitoring system of the present invention is completed, the three-axis acceleration/inclination sensing element 71 can be turned upright and placed on the ground, each floor and the roof layer, and the strain/stress sensing element 70 can be connected to the IoT model. Group 73 to build a smart home security monitoring system.

本發明之構造工法也可運用於具有不同曲率之柱、梁、板、牆等異形RC構件之構建,如第24、24A、24B圖所示,其加勁構件與模板8係具有曲率之異形構件,其梁、柱組裝係利用在異形柱加勁構件2之柱型鋼21上的組接孔210與異形梁加勁構件3之梁型鋼31兩端所焊接之梁柱連接板37的組接孔370,以扣接件330加以鎖固,其餘組立方式均與上述施工步驟相同。The construction method of the present invention can also be applied to the construction of special-shaped RC members with different curvatures such as columns, beams, slabs, and walls. As shown in Figures 24, 24A, and 24B, the stiffening member and the template 8 are special-shaped members with curvature. , its beam and column are assembled by using the assembly hole 210 on the column steel 21 of the special-shaped column stiffening member 2 and the beam-column connecting plate 37 of the beam-column connecting plate 37 welded at both ends of the beam-shaped steel 31 of the special-shaped beam stiffening member 370, The fasteners 330 are used for locking, and the rest of the assembly methods are the same as the above construction steps.

本發明之構造技術亦可運用於土木工程、水利工程等RC構造物,例如:橋墩柱或擋土牆,如第25、26圖所示,其加勁構件與組立方式均與建築RC構造相同,橋墩柱並可利用拆除模板8後之連接件27來鎖固三角架b,供搭建工作台,進而取代笨重之滑動模板。The structural technology of the present invention can also be applied to RC structures such as civil engineering and hydraulic engineering, such as bridge piers or retaining walls. As shown in Figures 25 and 26, the stiffening components and assembly methods are the same as the building RC structures. The bridge pier column can use the connecting piece 27 after removing the formwork 8 to lock the tripod b for building a workbench, thereby replacing the bulky sliding formwork.

綜上所述,本發明確實已達到所預期之使用目的與功效,且更較習知者為之理想、實用,惟,上述實施例僅係針對本發明之較佳實施例進行具體說明而已,該實施例並非用以限定本發明之申請專利範圍,舉凡其它未脫離本發明所揭示之技術手段下所完成之均等變化與修飾,均應包含於本發明所涵蓋之申請專利範圍中。To sum up, the present invention has indeed achieved the intended use purpose and effect, and is more ideal and practical than those in the art. However, the above-mentioned embodiments are only specific descriptions for the preferred embodiments of the present invention. This embodiment is not intended to limit the scope of the patent application of the present invention, and all other equivalent changes and modifications made without departing from the technical means disclosed in the present invention shall be included in the patent application scope of the present invention.

1:鋼筋構件 10:柱鋼筋構件 100:柱主鋼筋 101:柱箍筋 11:梁鋼筋構件 110:梁主鋼筋 111:梁箍筋 12:板鋼筋構件 120:上層鋼筋 121:下層鋼筋 13:牆鋼筋構件 130:直向鋼筋 131:橫向鋼筋 14:模板 2:柱加勁構件 20:柱座連接板 200:柱座錨定孔 21:柱型鋼 210:組接孔 22:柱鋼筋 23:柱箍筋 24:繫筋 25:柱梁連接組件 250:扣接件 26:柱模板連接組件 27:連接件 28:型鋼續接板 29:鋼筋續接器 3:梁加勁構件 30:梁型鋼 300:組接孔 301:裁切口 31:梁鋼筋 310:預留長度 32:梁箍筋 33:梁牆連接組件 330:扣接件 34:梁板連接組件 340:扣接件 35:腹筋 36:繫筋 37:梁柱連結板 370:組接孔 4:牆加勁構件 40:主桿件 400:組接孔 41:次桿件 410:扣接件 411:固接件 42:斜桿件 43:次桿件 44:鋼筋 5:板加勁構件 50:主桿件 500:組接孔 51:次桿件 510:扣接件 511:固接件 52:斜桿件 53:次桿件 54:鋼筋 55:空心元件 6:基礎 60:基座板 61:錨定扣件 62:鎖固元件 70:應變/應力感測元件 71:三軸向加速度/傾斜感測元件 72:訊號線 73:物聯網模組 8:模板 80:穿孔 81:鎖固組件 82:加固材 83:加勁座 830:插槽 84:插板配件 a:螺絲與螺帽 b:三角架1: Reinforcing components 10: Column reinforcement members 100: Column main reinforcement 101: Column stirrups 11: Beam Reinforcement Member 110: Beam main reinforcement 111: Beam stirrups 12: Plate Reinforcement Components 120: Upper rebar 121: Lower reinforcement 13: Wall Reinforcement Components 130: Straight rebar 131: Transverse reinforcement 14: Template 2: Column stiffening member 20: Column base connecting plate 200: Column base anchor hole 21: Column steel 210: Assembly hole 22: Column reinforcement 23: Column stirrups 24: tie 25: Column beam connection components 250: Fasteners 26: Column formwork connection components 27: Connectors 28: Section steel continuation plate 29: Rebar coupler 3: Beam stiffening member 30: Beam steel 300: Assembly hole 301: Cutout 31: Beam reinforcement 310: reserved length 32: Beam stirrups 33: Beam-Wall Connection Assembly 330: Fasteners 34: Beam plate connection components 340: Fasteners 35: Abdominal muscles 36: tie 37: Beam-column connecting plate 370: Assembly hole 4: Wall Stiffeners 40: Main rod 400: Assembly hole 41: Secondary member 410: Fasteners 411: Fasteners 42: Diagonal parts 43: Secondary member 44: Rebar 5: Plate stiffening member 50: Main rod 500: Assembly hole 51: Secondary member 510: Fasteners 511: Fasteners 52: Diagonal parts 53: Secondary member 54: Rebar 55: Hollow element 6: Basics 60: base plate 61: Anchor Fasteners 62: Locking element 70: Strain/stress sensing element 71: Triaxial acceleration/tilt sensing element 72: Signal line 73: IoT Module 8: Template 80: perforation 81: Locking components 82: Reinforcing material 83: Stiffener 830: Slot 84: Board accessories a: Screws and nuts b: tripod

第1圖所示係為傳統鋼筋混凝土構造之立體圖。 第1A圖所示係為A部分之放大示意圖。 第2圖所示係為本發明實施例之柱加勁構件之立體圖。 第2A圖所示係為第2圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第2B圖所示係為第2圖B部分之放大示意圖。 第2C圖所示係為第2圖C部分之放大示意圖。 第3圖所示係為本發明之柱加勁構件第二實施例之立體圖。 第3A圖所示係為第3圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第3B圖所示係為第3圖B部分之放大示意圖。 第4圖所示係為本發明實施例之梁加勁構件之立體圖。 第4A圖所示係為第4圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第5圖所示係為本發明之梁加勁構件第二實施例之立體圖。 第5A圖所示係為第5圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第6圖所示係為本發明之牆加勁構件第一實施例之立體圖。 第6A圖所示係為第6圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第7圖所示係為本發明之牆加勁構件第二實施例之立體圖。 第8圖所示係為本發明之牆加勁構件第三實施例之立體圖。 第9圖所示係為本發明之牆加勁構件第四實施例之立體圖。 第10圖所示係為本發明之板加勁構件第一實施例之立體圖。 第10A圖所示係為第10圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第11圖所示係為本發明之板加勁構件第二實施例之立體圖。 第12圖所示係為本發明之板加勁構件第三實施例之立體圖。 第13圖所示係為本發明之板加勁構件第四實施例之立體圖。 第14圖所示係為本發明實施例加勁構件以扣接方式之組裝示意圖。 第15圖所示係為本發明實施例之施工流程圖。 第16圖所示係為本發明實施例於施工現場組裝之立體示意圖。 第16A圖所示係為第16圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第16B圖所示係為第16圖B部分之放大示意圖。 第16C圖所示係為第16圖C部分之放大示意圖。 第16D圖所示係為第16圖D部分之放大示意圖。 第17圖所示係為本發明牆加勁構件第一實施例之組立示意圖。 第17A圖所示係為第17圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第18圖所示係為本發明板加勁構件第一實施例之組立示意圖。 第18A圖所示係為第18圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第19圖所示係為本發明模板組裝第一實施例之示意圖。 第19A圖所示係為本發明模板組裝第一實施例之部分放大示意圖。 第20圖所示係為本發明牆加勁構件第三實施例之組立示意圖。 第20A圖所示係為第20圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第21圖所示係為本發明板加勁構件第一實施例加裝空心元件之組立示意圖。 第21A圖所示係為第21圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第22圖所示係為本發明板加勁構件第三實施例之組立示意圖。 第23圖所示係為本發明模板組裝第二實施例之示意圖。 第23A圖所示係為本發明模板組裝第二實施例之部分放大示意圖。 第24圖所示係為本發明運用於異形梁柱之RC構造示意圖。 第24A圖所示係為第24圖A部分之放大示意圖。 第24B圖所示係為第24圖B部分之放大示意圖。 第25圖所示係為本發明實施例運用於橋墩柱使用之示意圖。 第26圖所示係為本發明實施例運用於擋土牆使用之示意圖。 Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a conventional reinforced concrete structure. Figure 1A shows an enlarged schematic view of part A. FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a column stiffening member according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 2 . FIG. 2B is an enlarged schematic view of part B of FIG. 2 . FIG. 2C is an enlarged schematic view of part C of FIG. 2 . FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the column stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 3A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 3 . FIG. 3B is an enlarged schematic view of part B of FIG. 3 . FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a beam stiffening member according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 4 . FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the beam stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 5A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 5 . FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the first embodiment of the wall stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 6A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 6 . FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the wall stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the third embodiment of the wall stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the fourth embodiment of the wall stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the first embodiment of the panel stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 10A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 10 . FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the panel stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 12 is a perspective view of the third embodiment of the panel stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the fourth embodiment of the panel stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the assembly of the stiffening member according to the embodiment of the present invention in the manner of snap connection. Figure 15 shows a construction flow chart of an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 16 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention assembled on a construction site. FIG. 16A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 16 . FIG. 16B is an enlarged schematic view of part B of FIG. 16 . FIG. 16C is an enlarged schematic view of part C of FIG. 16 . FIG. 16D is an enlarged schematic view of part D of FIG. 16 . FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the assembly of the first embodiment of the wall stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 17A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 17 . FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the assembly of the first embodiment of the panel stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 18A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 18 . FIG. 19 is a schematic diagram of the first embodiment of the template assembly of the present invention. Fig. 19A is a partially enlarged schematic view of the first embodiment of the template assembly of the present invention. FIG. 20 is a schematic diagram of the assembly of the third embodiment of the wall stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 20A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 20 . Fig. 21 is a schematic diagram showing the assembly of the hollow element added to the first embodiment of the plate stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 21A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 21 . Fig. 22 is a schematic view of the assembly of the third embodiment of the panel stiffening member of the present invention. FIG. 23 is a schematic diagram of the second embodiment of the template assembly of the present invention. Fig. 23A is a partially enlarged schematic view of the second embodiment of the template assembly of the present invention. FIG. 24 is a schematic diagram of the RC structure of the present invention applied to special-shaped beams and columns. FIG. 24A is an enlarged schematic view of part A of FIG. 24 . FIG. 24B is an enlarged schematic view of part B of FIG. 24 . FIG. 25 is a schematic diagram illustrating the application of an embodiment of the present invention to a bridge pier column. FIG. 26 is a schematic diagram illustrating the application of an embodiment of the present invention to a retaining wall.

Claims (9)

一種以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,係先於工廠生產柱、梁、牆、板之各加勁構件後再運送至建築施工現場進行組裝搭建,其施工步驟如下: 1、放樣; 2、建構基座板:依放樣位置建置基礎,並利用該基礎下部欲設置柱體之位置處構建有基座板,於該基座板上設有數個錨定扣件; 3、加勁構件組裝:將柱加勁構件、梁加勁構件、牆加勁構件及板加勁構件予以相互組接搭建; (1)柱加勁構件之組立,將該柱加勁構件吊掛於基礎位置,使該柱連接板置於該基座板上,而該基座板上之錨定扣件係穿設於該柱加勁構件之柱座連接板上之柱座錨定孔,將該柱加勁構件調整至精確位置後,藉由鎖固元件鎖固於錨定扣件上,將該柱加勁構件之柱座連接板固定於該基座板上,而欲延伸樓層,則藉由型鋼續接板及鋼筋續接器向上聯結另一柱加勁構件; (2)梁加勁構件之組立,係將該梁加勁構件推升或吊至相鄰的兩該柱加勁構件之間,並使該梁加勁構件之端部位於柱梁連接組件之位置處,並由該柱梁連接組件上之扣接件穿設於該梁加勁構件端部之組接孔內將之鎖固扣接,再將梁鋼筋外端之預留長度推拉伸至柱內或延伸至相鄰之梁內,完成將該梁加勁構件組立於相鄰之兩該柱加勁構件間; (3)牆加勁構件之組立,將數件該牆加勁構件直向排列,再將該牆加勁構件之主桿件端部上的組接孔對應於該梁加勁構件之梁牆連接組件,並由扣接件將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之該鋼筋外端伸至柱內及梁內,完成該牆加勁構件之組立; (4)板加勁構件之組立,將數件該板加勁構件水平排列,再將該板加勁構件之主桿件端部上的組接孔對應於該梁加勁構件之梁板連接組件,並由扣接件將之相互鎖固扣接,再於其上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀,將橫向及直向之該鋼筋外端伸至梁內,完成該板加勁構件之組立; 4、智慧監控系統建立:於各該柱加勁構件、各該梁加勁構件、各該牆加勁構件及各該板加勁構件上設置應變/應力感測元件,在各該柱加勁構件上設置三軸向加速度/傾斜感測元件,並藉由訊號線連接至物聯網模組上,並接上雲端,即可實施RC構造之施工安全監控; 5、水電消配管:根據水電及消防設計於各加勁構件中配置水電、消防等管線與配件; 6、模板組裝:於各加勁構件之外部組裝模板形成灌漿空間; 7、混凝土灌漿:依設計配比攪注混凝土,並控制其灌漿速度,避免模板產生大的變形或爆模現象; 8、拆模:待混凝土凝固至一定強度後即可進行拆模; 9、完工。 A reinforced concrete structure construction method in which section steel is used to replace part of the steel bars is to produce the stiffening components of columns, beams, walls and slabs in a factory before transporting them to a construction site for assembly and construction. The construction steps are as follows: 1. Stake out; 2. Constructing the base plate: Build the foundation according to the setting out position, and use the lower part of the foundation at the position where the column is to be set up to construct a base plate, and there are several anchoring fasteners on the base plate; 3. Stiffening component assembly: Assemble column stiffening components, beam stiffening components, wall stiffening components and plate stiffening components to build up; (1) Assembly of the column stiffening member, hanging the column stiffening member at the base position, placing the column connecting plate on the base plate, and the anchoring fastener on the base plate passing through the column The column base anchoring hole on the column base connecting plate of the stiffening member, after adjusting the column stiffening member to the precise position, lock it on the anchoring fastener by the locking element, and the column base connecting plate of the column stiffening member It is fixed on the base plate, and if the floor is to be extended, another column stiffening member is connected upwards by means of a section steel connecting plate and a steel connecting rod; (2) The assembly of the beam stiffening member is to push up or hoist the beam stiffening member between the two adjacent column stiffening members, and make the end of the beam stiffening member located at the position of the column-beam connection assembly, and The fastener on the column-beam connecting component is inserted into the assembly hole at the end of the beam stiffening member to lock and fasten it, and then push and stretch the reserved length of the outer end of the beam reinforcement into the column or extend To the adjacent beam, complete the assembly of the beam stiffening member between the two adjacent column stiffening members; (3) For the assembly of wall stiffening members, arrange several pieces of the wall stiffening members in a vertical direction, and then the assembly holes on the ends of the main members of the wall stiffening members correspond to the beam-wall connecting components of the beam stiffening members, and The fasteners are used to lock and fasten them to each other, and then bind several horizontal and vertical staggered steel bars on the inside and outside to form a lattice frame, and extend the horizontal and vertical outer ends of the steel bars into the column and beam. , to complete the assembly of the wall stiffening components; (4) Assembly of plate stiffening members, arrange several pieces of the plate stiffening members horizontally, and then the assembly holes on the end of the main member of the plate stiffening member correspond to the beam-slab connection components of the beam stiffening member, and are connected by The fasteners lock and fasten them to each other, and then bind several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars on the upper and lower layers to form a lattice frame, and extend the horizontal and vertical steel bars into the beam to complete the board. Assembly of stiffening members; 4. Establishment of an intelligent monitoring system: set up strain/stress sensing elements on each column stiffening member, each beam stiffening member, each wall stiffening member and each plate stiffening member, and set up three axis on each column stiffening member The acceleration/tilt sensing element is connected to the IoT module through the signal line, and connected to the cloud, and the construction safety monitoring of the RC structure can be implemented; 5. Water and electricity piping: according to the design of water, electricity and fire protection, pipelines and accessories such as water, electricity and fire protection are arranged in each stiffening member; 6. Formwork assembly: form a grouting space by assembling formwork on the outside of each stiffening member; 7. Concrete grouting: pour concrete according to the design ratio, and control its grouting speed to avoid large deformation or bursting of the formwork; 8. Demolition of formwork: The formwork can be demolished after the concrete has solidified to a certain strength; 9. Completion. 如請求項1所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於相鄰的兩該牆加勁構件間設有數固接件,而該等固接件係由扣接件鎖固於相鄰的兩次桿件上,形成格框式架構之牆部,再於格框式架構之牆部內、外側綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀。The reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of steel bars with section steel as described in claim 1, wherein several fasteners are arranged between two adjacent wall stiffening members, and these fasteners are locked by fasteners. On the adjacent two rods, the wall part of the lattice frame structure is formed, and then several horizontally and vertically staggered steel bars are bound inside and outside the wall part of the lattice frame structure to form a lattice frame shape. 如請求項1所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於相鄰的兩該板加勁構件間設有數固接件,而該等固接件係由扣接件鎖固於相鄰的兩次桿件上,形成格框式架構之板部,再於格框式架構之板部上、下層綁紮數支橫向及直向交錯之鋼筋形成格框狀。The reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of the steel bars with section steel as described in claim 1, wherein several fasteners are arranged between the two adjacent plate stiffening members, and these fasteners are locked by fasteners. On the adjacent two rods, the plate part of the lattice frame structure is formed, and then several horizontal and vertical staggered steel bars are bound on the upper and lower layers of the plate part of the lattice frame structure to form a lattice frame shape. 如請求項3所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該格框式架構之板部內置入有數個空心元件。The reinforced concrete structure construction method for replacing part of steel bars with section steel as described in claim 3, wherein a plurality of hollow elements are built into the plate portion of the lattice-type structure. 如請求項1所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該模板上設有數個穿孔,並藉由鎖固組件與該柱、梁、牆、板之各加勁構件上之連接件相互螺鎖固。The reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of steel bars with section steel as described in claim 1, wherein a plurality of perforations are arranged on the formwork, and the fastening components are connected with the stiffening members of the columns, beams, walls, and slabs. The connecting pieces are screwed to each other. 如請求項5所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該模板之外側加設數支加固材,加強該模板架設之穩固性。The reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of steel bars with section steel according to claim 5, wherein several reinforcing materials are added on the outside of the formwork to enhance the stability of the formwork erection. 如請求項1所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,於該模板之內面設有加勁座,該加勁座內設有插槽,於該柱、梁、牆、板之各加勁構件外側面上加裝有插板配件,該插板配件係插設入該模板之加勁座的插槽內,將模板穩固組裝定位。The reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of the steel bars with section steel as described in claim 1, wherein a stiffening seat is arranged on the inner surface of the formwork, and a slot is arranged in the stiffening seat, and the columns, beams, walls and slabs are provided with slots. The outer surface of each stiffening member is provided with a plug-in board fitting, and the plug-in board fitting is inserted into the slot of the stiffening seat of the template to stably assemble and position the template. 如請求項1或5所以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,利用該鎖固組件來組立該模板之方式,利用其拆模後留下之該連接件來鎖固三角架,於該三角架上鋪上踏板與護欄成為穩固的工作台。As claimed in claim 1 or 5, the reinforced concrete structure construction method in which the section steel replaces part of the steel bar, wherein, the formwork is assembled by using the locking component, and the connecting piece left after the formwork is used to lock the tripod. The tripod is covered with pedals and guardrails to become a stable workbench. 如請求項1所述以型鋼取代部分鋼筋之鋼筋混凝土構造施工方法,其中,該柱加勁構件之該柱型鋼與該柱鋼筋係依設計設為曲線形,且在該柱型鋼上設有數個柱、梁連結的組接孔,而構建成異形柱加勁構件,而該梁加勁構件之該梁型鋼與該梁鋼筋係依設計輾彎成曲線形,於深梁之梁腹設置有數支腹筋,並綁紮有數支繫筋,以增強深梁之抗剪力,且在該梁型鋼上焊接有數個梁柱連結板,該梁柱連接板上設有數個組接孔用以與該異形柱加勁構件相互扣接,以完成異形柱梁加勁構件之組裝。The reinforced concrete structure construction method of replacing part of steel bars with shaped steel according to claim 1, wherein the column shaped steel and the column steel reinforcement of the column stiffening member are curved according to design, and several columns are arranged on the column shaped steel , The assembly holes of the beam connection are constructed into a special-shaped column stiffening member, and the beam-shaped steel and the beam steel bar of the beam stiffening member are bent into a curved shape according to the design, and several web bars are arranged on the web of the deep beam. Several tie bars are bound to enhance the shear resistance of the deep beam, and several beam-column connecting plates are welded on the beam-shaped steel. The beam-column connecting plate is provided with several assembling holes for interlocking with the special-shaped column stiffening member. , to complete the assembly of the special-shaped column-beam stiffening member.
TW109143063A 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel TWI755188B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW109143063A TWI755188B (en) 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW109143063A TWI755188B (en) 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TWI755188B true TWI755188B (en) 2022-02-11
TW202223214A TW202223214A (en) 2022-06-16

Family

ID=81329604

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
TW109143063A TWI755188B (en) 2020-12-07 2020-12-07 Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
TW (1) TWI755188B (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW504536B (en) * 1999-11-02 2002-10-01 Ruei-Chi Lin Method for strengthening reinforced concrete structure
CN111749364A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-09 西安建筑科技大学 Assembly type composite wall based on C-shaped steel and construction method thereof
CN111980297A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-24 中国建筑标准设计研究院有限公司 Assembled section steel externally-wrapped concrete combined special-shaped column and construction method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW504536B (en) * 1999-11-02 2002-10-01 Ruei-Chi Lin Method for strengthening reinforced concrete structure
CN111749364A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-09 西安建筑科技大学 Assembly type composite wall based on C-shaped steel and construction method thereof
CN111980297A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-24 中国建筑标准设计研究院有限公司 Assembled section steel externally-wrapped concrete combined special-shaped column and construction method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
TW202223214A (en) 2022-06-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
TWI632272B (en) Three-dimensional light steel frame composed of two-way continuous double beams
CN105649360A (en) Integral assembling type building system and installing method
CN100417775C (en) Integral mould-detachment-free casting system for concrete structure and construction method thereof
CN206016309U (en) A kind of overall assembled building system
CN112681511B (en) Reinforced concrete structure construction method using section steel to replace part of reinforcing steel bars
CN102418381B (en) Building structure system combined with steel beam and pre-tensioned prestressing superposed beam and construction method for building structure system
CN107859206A (en) Pre-manufactured steel structure overlapped shear wall and its construction method
CN111962675A (en) Construction method of large-span special-shaped cast-in-place reinforced concrete open-web truss
CN102418387B (en) Post-tensioning external prestressed steel beam and pre-tensioning prestressed superposed beam combined building structure system and construction technology thereof
CN103452350A (en) Fabricated electronic workshop and construction method thereof
CN105143570A (en) Building structure and construction method for same
KR101036177B1 (en) Method for constructing building using PRC integrating method
CN104480922A (en) Space truss formwork supporting system and construction method thereof
CN100417776C (en) Integrally-cast mould-detachment-free concrete structure system and construction method thereof
TWI755188B (en) Construction method of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel
CN205329970U (en) Precast concrete wallboard and wall panel structure system of dark frame in area of structure thereof
KR101616483B1 (en) Construction Method Of Underground Parking Lot Using Precast Concrete Beam With Changing Cross Section
CN112112265A (en) Connecting joint of dry-type connected precast beam column and construction method
CN106545115A (en) Assembled steel Combined concrete superstructure and its construction method
CN209277186U (en) A kind of joist steel skeleton and steel section concrete structure foundation beam
TWI769610B (en) Reinforced structure of reinforced concrete structure by replacing part of steel bars with section steel
CN207646867U (en) A kind of assembled steel tendon concrete frame structure bean column node and its make mold
CN105649259B (en) A kind of wallboard structural system of the dark framework of band of precast concrete wall panel and its structure
RU2285771C1 (en) Method for building and building structure erection, renewal and reconstruction
CN112681616B (en) Stiffening structure for assembling reinforced concrete structure by using section steel to replace part of reinforcing steel bars