TWI474074B - Touch panel structure - Google Patents

Touch panel structure Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI474074B
TWI474074B TW100109099A TW100109099A TWI474074B TW I474074 B TWI474074 B TW I474074B TW 100109099 A TW100109099 A TW 100109099A TW 100109099 A TW100109099 A TW 100109099A TW I474074 B TWI474074 B TW I474074B
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
electrode
touch panel
disposed
substrate
conductive line
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TW100109099A
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English (en)
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TW201219905A (en
Inventor
Chen Yu Liu
Cheng Ping Liu
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Tpk Touch Solutions Inc
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Priority to US12/942,056 priority Critical patent/US9652089B2/en
Application filed by Tpk Touch Solutions Inc filed Critical Tpk Touch Solutions Inc
Publication of TW201219905A publication Critical patent/TW201219905A/zh
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Publication of TWI474074B publication Critical patent/TWI474074B/zh

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/044Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means by capacitive means
    • G06F3/0446Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means by capacitive means using a grid-like structure of electrodes in at least two directions, e.g. using row and column electrodes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/044Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means by capacitive means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/016Input arrangements with force or tactile feedback as computer generated output to the user
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/0412Digitisers structurally integrated in a display
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/041Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/041 - G06F3/045
    • G06F2203/04103Manufacturing, i.e. details related to manufacturing processes specially suited for touch sensitive devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/041Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/041 - G06F3/045
    • G06F2203/04111Cross over in capacitive digitiser, i.e. details of structures for connecting electrodes of the sensing pattern where the connections cross each other, e.g. bridge structures comprising an insulating layer, or vias through substrate

Description

觸控面板結構Touch panel structure

本發明關於一種觸控面板結構,特別是關於一種於單一基板上製造的觸控面板結構。The present invention relates to a touch panel structure, and more particularly to a touch panel structure fabricated on a single substrate.

觸控面板為日漸普遍的人機介面裝置,當使用者觀察觸控面板後方的螢幕中的文字或圖形而觸控對應位置時,觸控面板會感測這些觸控訊號,並傳送到控制器進行處理,以產生對應位置的輸出信號,常見的感測方式有電阻式、電容式、紅外線式和超音波式等。例如,電容式感測系統採用電容感測器,當使用者接觸觸控面板時,所接觸位置的電容值會改變。因此,當使用者接觸不同的位置時,感測系統就會計算出電容的改變程度,然後產生對應位置的輸出信號。The touch panel is an increasingly popular human interface device. When the user views the text or graphics in the screen behind the touch panel and touches the corresponding position, the touch panel senses the touch signals and transmits them to the controller. Processing is performed to generate an output signal corresponding to the position, and common sensing methods are resistive, capacitive, infrared, and ultrasonic. For example, the capacitive sensing system uses a capacitive sensor, and when the user touches the touch panel, the capacitance value of the contact position changes. Therefore, when the user touches a different position, the sensing system calculates the degree of change in capacitance and then produces an output signal corresponding to the position.

常見的觸控面板包含一層或多層的感測電極、一片支撐感測電極用的基板、導電線路、遮蔽元件和可提供防刮、防眩光或防反射等功能的另一片基板等,製造此類觸控面板時,需於兩片基板上分別製造部份的元件再予以結合。例如,於一片基板上製造遮蔽元件和導電線路,再於另一基板製作感測電極,將兩片基板結合後,藉由使感測電極連接導電線路而能傳導觸控信號,並利用遮蔽元件掩蔽導電線路,以避免遮蔽元件與顯示器畫面不協調產生視覺上的突兀。然而,使用兩片基板的製造方式不但會產生尺寸較厚的觸控面板,此外,為使兩片基板的感測電極與導電線路能正確的連接,在接合兩片基板時必須注意定位的問題,而增加生產時的複雜度。A common touch panel includes one or more layers of sensing electrodes, a substrate for supporting a sensing electrode, a conductive line, a shielding element, and another substrate that provides functions such as scratch resistance, anti-glare, or anti-reflection, etc. In the touch panel, a part of the components are separately fabricated on the two substrates and then combined. For example, a shielding element and a conductive line are fabricated on one substrate, and a sensing electrode is formed on the other substrate. After the two substrates are combined, the touch signal can be transmitted by connecting the sensing electrode to the conductive line, and the shielding element is utilized. The conductive traces are masked to prevent visual obstructions from being inconsistent with the display elements. However, the manufacturing method using two substrates not only produces a touch panel with a relatively large size, but also, in order to correctly connect the sensing electrodes of the two substrates and the conductive lines, attention must be paid to the positioning when joining the two substrates. And increase the complexity of production.

本發明的觸控面板結構包含有一單一整合基板、一感測電極、一導電線路及一遮蔽元件。該基板具有一實質上可透視的第一區域及一實質上不可透視的第二區域(即鄰接區域),該第一感測電極用以偵測一觸控信號,該導電線路電性連接於該感測電極,該遮蔽元件設置於該基板的該鄰接區域,該感測電極、該導電線路和該遮蔽元件設置於該基板。The touch panel structure of the present invention comprises a single integrated substrate, a sensing electrode, a conductive line and a shielding element. The substrate has a substantially transparent first region and a substantially non-transmissive second region (ie, an adjacent region). The first sensing electrode is configured to detect a touch signal, and the conductive circuit is electrically connected to the substrate. The sensing electrode is disposed on the adjacent region of the substrate, and the sensing electrode, the conductive line and the shielding member are disposed on the substrate.

第1圖為本發明的第一實施例-觸控面板100的上視圖,觸控面板100包含有基板10、數條感測電極20、數條導電線路30以及遮蔽元件40。為簡潔起見,圖中僅顯示的水平方向的感測電極20與導電線路30,此外,也可採用垂直方向的感測電極與對應的導電線路,或是同時使用水平和垂直方向的感測電極與對應的導電線路。1 is a top view of a touch panel 100 according to a first embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel 100 includes a substrate 10, a plurality of sensing electrodes 20, a plurality of conductive lines 30, and a shielding member 40. For the sake of brevity, only the horizontal sensing electrodes 20 and the conductive lines 30 are shown in the figure. In addition, vertical sensing electrodes and corresponding conductive lines may be used, or horizontal and vertical sensing may be used simultaneously. The electrode and the corresponding conductive line.

本發明宗旨為單一基板製造的觸控面板,該基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域,用於各種不同的顯示器。為達成薄型化的觸控面板設計,有將上述感測電極、導電線路、遮蔽元件和其他元件製造於單一的基板上的作法,並可直接將此種單一基板的觸控面板直接與顯示器結合,如此可省略一片基板的厚度與成本,亦可省略接合兩片基板的生產步驟而更有效率。The invention is directed to a touch panel manufactured by a single substrate, which has both supporting and protecting functions, and includes a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area for various displays. In order to achieve a thinned touch panel design, the sensing electrodes, the conductive lines, the shielding elements and other components are fabricated on a single substrate, and the touch panel of the single substrate can be directly combined with the display. Thus, the thickness and cost of one substrate can be omitted, and the production steps of joining the two substrates can be omitted and more efficient.

基板10可使用實質上透明的無機非導電基材(如玻璃等)或是有機非導電基材(如橡膠等),並可使用塗佈、印刷、染色、電鍍或黏貼等方式於基板10上製備防刮、防眩光或防反射等功能的元件。此外,亦可根據不同的產品應用選擇適當軟硬度的基材,如可使用強韌度高的玻璃或具有可撓性的彈性材料等。由於上述非導電基材基本上具有一定的透明度,因此基板10上具有實質上透明的可視區域11,可用於觀看其下方顯示器的資訊。位於可視區域11與基板10的邊緣之間的區域為實質上不可透視的鄰近區域12,可將容易遮蔽視線的元件設置於此區域。The substrate 10 may be a substantially transparent inorganic non-conductive substrate (such as glass) or an organic non-conductive substrate (such as rubber), and may be coated, printed, dyed, plated or pasted on the substrate 10. Prepare components for anti-scratch, anti-glare or anti-reflection functions. In addition, it is also possible to select a substrate having an appropriate hardness according to different product applications, such as a glass having high toughness or an elastic material having flexibility. Since the non-conductive substrate described above has substantially a certain transparency, the substrate 10 has a substantially transparent viewing area 11 for viewing information of the display below it. The area between the viewable area 11 and the edge of the substrate 10 is a substantially non-perspective adjacent area 12, and an element that easily obscures the line of sight can be placed in this area.

感測電極20可使用氧化銦錫(Indium Tin Oxide)、氧化鋅鋁(Aluminum Zinc Oxide)、氧化鋅錫(Zinc Tin Oxide)、或其他實質上透明的導電材質,如導電玻璃、導電聚合物(Conductive Polymer)、奈米碳管(Carbon Nanotube)等材料。感測電極20設置於可視區域11及鄰近區域12,並具有適當的電極圖形,以感測觸控位置。導電線路30可於基板的鄰近區域12與感測電極20電性連接,用以傳導觸控信號至信號處理裝置80,導電線路30可採用鋁、銀、銅等金屬材料,亦可使用與感測電極20相同的導電材料。The sensing electrode 20 may use Indium Tin Oxide, Aluminum Zinc Oxide, Zinc Tin Oxide, or other substantially transparent conductive materials such as conductive glass and conductive polymer ( Conductive Polymer), carbon nanotubes and other materials. The sensing electrode 20 is disposed on the visible area 11 and the adjacent area 12 and has an appropriate electrode pattern to sense the touch position. The conductive line 30 can be electrically connected to the sensing electrode 20 in the adjacent region 12 of the substrate for transmitting the touch signal to the signal processing device 80. The conductive line 30 can be made of metal materials such as aluminum, silver, copper, etc. The electrode 20 is of the same conductive material.

導電線路30若具有金屬色澤或其他不透明的顏色,導電電路30的佈線會造成視覺上的不美觀。因此,在鄰近區域12上設置有遮蔽元件40,用以實質上遮蔽導電線路30及背景光線,以降低視覺上的影響。遮蔽元件40並非一定要完全地不透明,亦可採用不同的不透明度的材質,例如黑色或其他顏色的實質上不透明的光阻、樹脂或油墨等材料,可避免漏光及可降低導電線路30與周圍區域的顏色差異的效果。此外,亦可以於製備基板10時,以塗佈、印刷、染色、電鍍或黏貼等方式預先將遮蔽元件40設置於基板10。本實施例和後續的實施例中的各個元件,皆可依照不同的應用需求而採用如前面段落所述的材料或其他的適當材質。If the conductive line 30 has a metallic color or other opaque color, the wiring of the conductive circuit 30 may cause a visual unsightiness. Accordingly, a shielding element 40 is disposed on the adjacent region 12 to substantially shield the conductive traces 30 from the background light to reduce the visual impact. The shielding member 40 does not have to be completely opaque, and may also adopt different opaque materials, such as black or other colors of substantially opaque photoresist, resin or ink, etc., to avoid light leakage and to reduce the conductive line 30 and the surrounding. The effect of the color difference of the area. Further, when the substrate 10 is prepared, the shielding member 40 may be previously provided on the substrate 10 by coating, printing, dyeing, plating, or pasting. The components in the present embodiment and the subsequent embodiments may be made of materials as described in the preceding paragraph or other suitable materials according to different application requirements.

第1圖中的鄰近區域12位於觸控面板的四個邊緣,此外,亦能將鄰近區域12僅設置於基板10的某一邊緣,或者配合產品的設計調整鄰近區域12的位置和形狀。例如,第22圖中,觸控面板2200的可視區域11上具有實質上不可透視區域13和14,實質上不可透視區域13和14可設定對應於行動電話的特殊功能按鈕區域,如撥打電話功能和掛斷通話功能,此時可對應設計感測電極20及導電線路30的幾何分佈(圖中未示),使導電線路30僅設置於實質上不可透視區域13和14下方,而能使觸控面板2200具有更大面積的透視區域11,而能配合無邊框設計的顯示器。The adjacent area 12 in FIG. 1 is located at the four edges of the touch panel. In addition, the adjacent area 12 can also be disposed only at one edge of the substrate 10, or the position and shape of the adjacent area 12 can be adjusted in accordance with the design of the product. For example, in FIG. 22, the visible area 11 of the touch panel 2200 has substantially non-perspective areas 13 and 14, and the substantially non-perspective areas 13 and 14 can set a special function button area corresponding to the mobile phone, such as a telephone call function. And hang up the call function, at this time, the geometrical distribution of the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 (not shown) can be correspondingly designed, so that the conductive line 30 is only disposed under the substantially non-perspective areas 13 and 14, and can be touched. The control panel 2200 has a larger area of the see-through area 11 and can be used with a display without a bezel design.

第1圖中僅顯示的水平方向的感測電極20,若同時使用水平和垂直方向的感測電極20與感測電極21時,除了用絕緣材料可將感測電極20與感測電極21完全隔絕,亦可針對電極圖案採用獨特的設計。第23圖中顯示感測電極20與感測電極21的更詳細構造,圖中刻意去除最右下方的絕緣材料96及導線94,以顯示導線92與其他元件的相對位置。感測電極20可由數個感測電極圖案90和導線94所構成,感測電極21是可數個感測電極圖案90和導線92所構成,並使用絕緣元件96電性隔離導線92和導線94,以確保感測電極20與感測電極21不會導通,而能避免產生錯誤的觸控信號。第23圖中A-A’切線位置,可有許多種變化,如剖面圖(A)中,以絕緣材料96包覆導線92,導線94再於跨越絕緣材料96上方電性連接電極圖案90。或如剖面圖(B)中,以絕緣材料96包覆導線92以及至少一部分的電極圖案90,導線94再藉由絕緣材料96上的穿孔98電性連接電極圖案90。而如剖面圖(C)中,以絕緣材料96包覆導線92,使用相同的材料同時製造電極圖案90和導線94,或者先製造電極圖案90後再以相同材料的導線94電性連接。In the horizontal direction of the sensing electrode 20 shown in FIG. 1 , if the sensing electrode 20 and the sensing electrode 21 of the horizontal and vertical directions are used at the same time, the sensing electrode 20 and the sensing electrode 21 can be completely replaced by an insulating material. Isolated, it can also be uniquely designed for electrode patterns. A more detailed configuration of the sensing electrode 20 and the sensing electrode 21 is shown in Fig. 23, in which the lower right insulating material 96 and the wire 94 are deliberately removed to show the relative position of the wire 92 to other elements. The sensing electrode 20 can be composed of a plurality of sensing electrode patterns 90 and a wire 94. The sensing electrode 21 is composed of a plurality of sensing electrode patterns 90 and wires 92, and electrically isolates the wires 92 and wires 94 using an insulating member 96. In order to ensure that the sensing electrode 20 and the sensing electrode 21 are not turned on, an erroneous touch signal can be avoided. In the Fig. 23, the A-A' tangential position can be varied. For example, in the cross-sectional view (A), the wire 92 is covered with an insulating material 96, and the wire 94 is electrically connected to the electrode pattern 90 over the insulating material 96. Or in the cross-sectional view (B), the wire 92 and at least a portion of the electrode pattern 90 are covered with an insulating material 96, and the wire 94 is electrically connected to the electrode pattern 90 by the through hole 98 on the insulating material 96. For example, in the cross-sectional view (C), the wire 92 is covered with the insulating material 96, and the electrode pattern 90 and the wire 94 are simultaneously fabricated using the same material, or the electrode pattern 90 is first fabricated and then electrically connected by the wire 94 of the same material.

本發明的電極圖案亦可採用第24圖中的變化,如左方兩個感測電極20是由複數個不同尺寸的電極圖案90及複數個導線92所構成,或者如右方兩個感測電極20各僅由一個電極圖案90所構成。第24圖中描述的實施例為一電容式觸控面板結構,其中電極圖案20設置於Y方向,當觸控電極圖案20的不同位置時,會產生不同的電容值變化,而能得知觸控位置的Y座標。因此,本電極圖案20可偵測X方向及Y方向的觸控信號。此外,亦可設定各個電極圖案90具有相同的尺寸但具有不同的導電度,亦或是其他方式的地址編碼,使電極圖案90可同時偵測第一方向及第二方向的觸控信號。在本發明的實施例中皆可搭配此種經地址編碼的電極圖案設計。The electrode pattern of the present invention may also adopt the variation in FIG. 24, for example, the two sensing electrodes 20 on the left side are composed of a plurality of electrode patterns 90 and a plurality of wires 92 of different sizes, or two sensing electrodes as the right side. The electrodes 20 are each composed of only one electrode pattern 90. The embodiment described in FIG. 24 is a capacitive touch panel structure in which the electrode patterns 20 are disposed in the Y direction, and when different positions of the touch electrode patterns 20 are generated, different capacitance value changes are generated, and the touch can be known. The Y coordinate of the control position. Therefore, the electrode pattern 20 can detect touch signals in the X direction and the Y direction. In addition, each of the electrode patterns 90 may have the same size but different conductivity or other manner of address coding, so that the electrode pattern 90 can simultaneously detect the touch signals in the first direction and the second direction. Such an address-coded electrode pattern design can be used in embodiments of the present invention.

第2圖為第1圖中A-A’切線位置的切面圖,觸控面板結構200包含有基板10,其材質為透明的不導電材質,如玻璃或塑膠等。該基板10屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。感測電極20,如氧化銦錫等透明的導電材質,位於基板10下方,用以感測觸控信號。感測電極20下方為遮蔽元件40,其為實質上不透明且不具導電性的材料,遮蔽元件40的適當位置具有穿孔50,使導電線路30可通過穿孔50與感測電極20電性連接,以傳導觸控信號。遮蔽元件40已遮蔽大部分的導電線路30,此時可適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制開孔50之大小,以減少導電線路30的可視面積。例如,將開孔大小限制在微米(μm)等級(如直徑小於30微米),而能減低視覺上的影響。此外,亦可使用感測電極20通過穿孔50中與導電線路30電性連接。2 is a cross-sectional view of the tangential position of A-A' in FIG. 1. The touch panel structure 200 includes a substrate 10 made of a transparent non-conductive material such as glass or plastic. The substrate 10 is characterized by a single integrated substrate having both support and protection functions, including a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area. The sensing electrode 20, such as a transparent conductive material such as indium tin oxide, is located under the substrate 10 for sensing the touch signal. Below the sensing electrode 20 is a shielding element 40 which is substantially opaque and non-conductive. The shielding element 40 has a through hole 50 at a suitable position, so that the conductive line 30 can be electrically connected to the sensing electrode 20 through the through hole 50, Conducting touch signals. The shielding element 40 has shielded most of the conductive lines 30. At this time, the material of the conductive lines 30 and the size of the control openings 50 can be appropriately selected to reduce the visible area of the conductive lines 30. For example, limiting the opening size to the micron (μm) level (eg, less than 30 microns in diameter) can reduce the visual impact. In addition, the sensing electrode 20 can also be electrically connected to the conductive line 30 through the through hole 50.

如第3圖中的第二實施例,觸控面板結構300包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40及穿孔50,此實施例中,將導電線路30以適當大小製作於基板10與遮蔽元件40之間,藉由適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制導電線路30之可視面積或位置,以減低視覺上的影響。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。例如,將導電線路30的尺寸限制在微米等級,或者將導電線路30的位置製造於顯示器邊框可遮蓋的區域。本實施例中,感測電極20可通過穿孔50連接導電線路30以傳導觸控信號,或者亦可將導電線路30通過穿孔50連接感測電極20以傳導觸控信號。As shown in the second embodiment of FIG. 3, the touch panel structure 300 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, a shielding member 40, and a through hole 50. In this embodiment, the conductive line 30 is made of an appropriate size. Between the substrate 10 and the shielding member 40, the visual effect is reduced by appropriately selecting the material of the conductive line 30 and controlling the visible area or position of the conductive line 30. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. For example, the size of the conductive traces 30 is limited to the micron scale, or the location of the conductive traces 30 is fabricated in a region that the display bezel can cover. In this embodiment, the sensing electrode 20 can be connected to the conductive line 30 through the through hole 50 to transmit the touch signal, or the conductive line 30 can be connected to the sensing electrode 20 through the through hole 50 to conduct the touch signal.

第4圖的第三實施例中,觸控面板結構400包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30及遮蔽元件40,該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。此實施例中之遮蔽元件40使用不透明且具有異方向性導電性(anisotropic conductive)的材料,此時僅處理區域41處的異方向性導電性材料,使感測電極20和導電線路30間的遮蔽元件40之Y方向具有導電性,而遮蔽元件40的X方向具有較大的電阻值而可視為不具導電性,兩個感測電極20或兩個導電線路30間亦不會經由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。例如,一般市面可取得的異方向性導電性材料,經處理區域之電阻值可小於15K ohm,而遮蔽元件40之X方向、感測電極20或導電線路30間遮蔽元件40的電阻值可達到108 ohm/30um而可視為不具導電性。因此,本實施例中遮蔽元件40不需要開孔,便能於適當位置電性連接感測電極20與導電線路30,並達到遮蔽導電線路30的效果。此外,亦可將兩個導電線路30間的距離設置為遠大於感測電極20和導電線路30間的距離,使導電線路30和感測電極20間的阻抗遠低於兩個導電線路30間的阻抗,因此,兩個導電線路30間不會經由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。In the third embodiment of the fourth embodiment, the touch panel structure 400 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The substrate has a single integrated substrate and has support and protection functions, including a The viewable area is adjacent to an adjacent area of the viewable area. The shielding element 40 in this embodiment uses a material that is opaque and has an anisotropic conductive, in which case only the anisotropic conductive material at the region 41 is treated, such that between the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30. The shielding element 40 has conductivity in the Y direction, and the X direction of the shielding element 40 has a large resistance value and can be regarded as non-conductive. The two sensing electrodes 20 or the two conductive lines 30 do not pass through the shielding element 40. Turns on and produces an erroneous signal. For example, the general-directional conductive material that can be obtained in the market can have a resistance value of less than 15K ohm in the treated region, and the resistance value of the shielding member 40 between the X direction of the shielding member 40, the sensing electrode 20 or the conductive line 30 can be reached. 10 8 ohm/30um can be considered as non-conductive. Therefore, in the embodiment, the shielding member 40 does not need to be opened, and the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 can be electrically connected in an appropriate position, and the effect of shielding the conductive line 30 can be achieved. In addition, the distance between the two conductive lines 30 can be set to be much larger than the distance between the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30, so that the impedance between the conductive line 30 and the sensing electrode 20 is much lower than between the two conductive lines 30. The impedance, therefore, does not cause an erroneous signal between the two conductive traces 30 via the shield element 40.

如第5圖中之第四實施例,觸控面板結構500包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、及遮蔽元件40,該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。此時將導電線路30以適當大小製作於基板10與遮蔽元件40之間,藉由適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制導電線路30之可視面積或位置,以減低視覺上的影響。例如,將導電線路30的尺寸限制在微米等級,或者將導電線路30的位置製造於被顯示器邊框遮蓋的區域。此實施例中,遮蔽元件40使用具有異方向性導電性的材料,此時僅處理區域41處的異方向性導電性材料,使感測電極20與導電線路30可藉由區域41中遮蔽物40之Y方向導電性而導通。另一方面,遮蔽元件40的X方向具有較大的電阻值而可視為不具導電性,兩個感測電極20或兩個導電線路30間亦不會經由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。此外,亦可將兩個導電線路30間的距離設置為遠大於感測電極20和導電線路30間的距離,使導電線路30以及感測電極20間的阻抗遠低於兩個導電線路30間的阻抗,因此,兩個導電線路30間不會經由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。As shown in the fourth embodiment of FIG. 5, the touch panel structure 500 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate and has support and protection functions. A visible area is included with a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. At this time, the conductive line 30 is formed between the substrate 10 and the shielding member 40 in an appropriate size, and the visual effect is reduced by appropriately selecting the material of the conductive line 30 and controlling the visible area or position of the conductive line 30. For example, the size of the conductive traces 30 is limited to the micron scale, or the location of the conductive traces 30 is fabricated in the area covered by the display bezel. In this embodiment, the shielding member 40 uses a material having an isotropic conductivity. At this time, only the anisotropic conductive material at the region 41 is processed, so that the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 can be shielded by the region 41. The Y direction of 40 is electrically conductive and is turned on. On the other hand, the shielding element 40 has a large resistance value in the X direction and can be regarded as having no conductivity, and the two sensing electrodes 20 or the two conductive lines 30 are not turned on via the shielding member 40 to generate an erroneous signal. In addition, the distance between the two conductive lines 30 can be set to be much larger than the distance between the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30, so that the impedance between the conductive line 30 and the sensing electrode 20 is much lower than between the two conductive lines 30. The impedance, therefore, does not cause an erroneous signal between the two conductive traces 30 via the shield element 40.

第6圖為本發明的第五實施例,觸控面板結構600包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30及遮蔽元件40。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。本實施例中,感測電極20夾置於導電線路30和遮蔽元件40之間,且遮蔽元件40實質上遮蔽導電線路30。感測電極20和導電線路30於遮蔽元件40下方直接電性連接,當然也可在感測電極20和導電線路30之間使用具導電性的黏合物,使其更緊密連接。FIG. 6 is a fifth embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel structure 600 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. In the present embodiment, the sensing electrode 20 is sandwiched between the conductive line 30 and the shielding member 40, and the shielding member 40 substantially shields the conductive line 30. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected under the shielding member 40. Of course, a conductive adhesive can be used between the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 to make it more closely connected.

第7圖為本發明的第六實施例,觸控面板結構700包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30及遮蔽元件40。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。在第六實施例中,導電線路30夾置於感測電極20和遮蔽元件40之間,且遮蔽元件40實質上遮蔽導電線路30。感測電極20和導電線路30於遮蔽元件40下方直接電性連接,也可在感測電極20和導電線路30之間使用具導電性的黏合物使其更緊密連接。FIG. 7 is a sixth embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel structure 700 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. In the sixth embodiment, the conductive traces 30 are sandwiched between the sense electrodes 20 and the shield elements 40, and the shield elements 40 substantially shield the conductive traces 30. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected under the shielding member 40, and a conductive adhesive can be used to make a tighter connection between the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30.

在第8圖的第七實施例中,觸控面板結構800包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40和介電(dielectric)材料60。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。觸控面板結構800的感測電極20夾置於導電線路30和介電元件60之間,且遮蔽元件40實質上遮蔽導電線路30。感測電極20和導電線路30於遮蔽元件40下方直接電性連接或藉由以其他導電性的黏合物電性連接。此外,在感測電極20與遮蔽元件40之間及導電線路30與遮蔽元件40之間設置介電元件60以增加絕緣性,可避免不同的感測電極20或導電線路30間藉由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。介電元件60可使用矽膠(Silicone)、氧化矽(SiOx )、氮化矽(Six Ny )和高分子絕緣材料等。本發明的其他實施例中,亦可藉由在感測電極20與遮蔽元件40之間及/或遮蔽元件40與導電線路30之間設置介電元件60以增加絕緣性。因此,此類實施例中,遮蔽元件40可使用絕緣性不必太高的材料,而能有更多材料可供選擇。In the seventh embodiment of FIG. 8, the touch panel structure 800 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, a shielding member 40, and a dielectric material 60. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. The sensing electrode 20 of the touch panel structure 800 is sandwiched between the conductive line 30 and the dielectric element 60, and the shielding element 40 substantially shields the conductive line 30. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected under the shielding member 40 or electrically connected by other conductive adhesives. In addition, a dielectric element 60 is disposed between the sensing electrode 20 and the shielding member 40 and between the conductive line 30 and the shielding member 40 to increase insulation, so that different sensing electrodes 20 or conductive lines 30 can be avoided by shielding elements. 40 turns on and produces an erroneous signal. The dielectric member 60 may be used silicone (Silicone), silicon oxide (SiO x), silicon nitride (Si x N y) and a high-molecular insulating materials. In other embodiments of the invention, the dielectric element 60 may also be provided between the sensing electrode 20 and the shielding element 40 and/or between the shielding element 40 and the conductive line 30 to increase insulation. Thus, in such embodiments, the shield member 40 can be made of a material that does not have to be too high in insulation, and more materials can be selected.

第9圖的第八實施例中,觸控面板結構900包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40和介電元件60。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。觸控面板結構800的導電線路30夾置於感測電極20和介電元件60之間,且遮蔽元件40實質上遮蔽導電線路30。感測電極20和導電線路30於遮蔽元件40下方直接電性連接或藉由其他導電性的黏合物電性連接。此外,在感測電極20與遮蔽元件40之間及導電線路30與遮蔽元件40之間設置介電元件60以增加絕緣性,可避免不同的感測電極20或導電線路30間藉由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。In the eighth embodiment of FIG. 9, the touch panel structure 900 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, a shielding member 40, and a dielectric member 60. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. The conductive traces 30 of the touch panel structure 800 are sandwiched between the sense electrodes 20 and the dielectric elements 60, and the shield elements 40 substantially shield the conductive traces 30. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected under the shielding member 40 or electrically connected by other conductive adhesives. In addition, a dielectric element 60 is disposed between the sensing electrode 20 and the shielding member 40 and between the conductive line 30 and the shielding member 40 to increase insulation, so that different sensing electrodes 20 or conductive lines 30 can be avoided by shielding elements. 40 turns on and produces an erroneous signal.

第10圖的第九實施例和第11圖的第十實施例中,觸控面板結構1000和觸控面板結構1100皆包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30及遮蔽元件40。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。藉由適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制導電線路30之可視面積或位置,以減低視覺上的影響。感測電極20和導電線路30以直接電性連接或藉由其他導電性的黏合物電性連接,並且夾置於基板10與遮蔽元件40之間。In the ninth embodiment of the tenth embodiment and the tenth embodiment of the eleventh embodiment, the touch panel structure 1000 and the touch panel structure 1100 each include a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. The visual impact is reduced by appropriately selecting the material of the conductive traces 30 and controlling the viewable area or position of the conductive traces 30. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are electrically connected directly or by other conductive adhesives, and are sandwiched between the substrate 10 and the shielding member 40.

第12圖及第13圖為本發明的第十一實施例與第十二實施例,觸控面板結構1200和觸控面板結構1300皆包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40及介電元件60。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。此二實施例的結構相似於第九實施例和第十實施例,導電線路30以適當大小製作於基板10與介電元件60之間,藉由適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制導電線路30之可視面積或位置,以減低視覺上的影響。感測電極20和導電線路30以直接電性連接或藉由其他導電性的黏合物電性連接,並且夾置於基板10與介電元件60之間。此外,並將介電元件60設置於感測電極20與遮蔽元件40之間及設置於導電線路30與遮蔽元件40之間以增加絕緣性,避免不同的感測電極20或導電線路30間藉由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。12 and 13 are the eleventh embodiment and the twelfth embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel structure 1200 and the touch panel structure 1300 each include a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding layer. Element 40 and dielectric element 60. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. The structure of the second embodiment is similar to that of the ninth embodiment and the tenth embodiment. The conductive line 30 is formed between the substrate 10 and the dielectric member 60 in an appropriate size, by appropriately selecting the material of the conductive line 30 and controlling the conductive line. 30 visible area or position to reduce visual impact. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are electrically connected directly or by other conductive adhesives, and are sandwiched between the substrate 10 and the dielectric member 60. In addition, the dielectric element 60 is disposed between the sensing electrode 20 and the shielding element 40 and disposed between the conductive line 30 and the shielding element 40 to increase insulation, avoiding borrowing between different sensing electrodes 20 or conductive lines 30. The shield element 40 is turned on to generate an erroneous signal.

第14圖為本發明的第十三實施例,觸控面板結構1400包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30及遮蔽元件40,遮蔽元件40大致上遮蔽導電線路30,並且將導電線路30直接電性連接或藉由導電性的黏合物連接於感測電極20。遮蔽元件40能遮蔽大部分的導電線路30,再藉由適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制導電線路30之可視面積或位置,以減低視覺上的影響。FIG. 14 is a thirteenth embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel structure 1400 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The shielding member 40 substantially shields the conductive line 30 and electrically conductive lines. 30 is directly electrically connected or connected to the sensing electrode 20 by a conductive adhesive. The shielding element 40 can shield most of the conductive lines 30, and then reduce the visual impact by appropriately selecting the material of the conductive lines 30 and controlling the visible area or position of the conductive lines 30.

第15圖的第十四實施例中,觸控面板結構1500的結構相似於觸控面板結構1400,其包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30及遮蔽元件40,該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。遮蔽元件40大致上遮蔽導電線路30,並且將導電線路30直接電性連接或藉由導電性的黏合物連接於感測電極20,且適當地選擇導電線路30的材質以及控制導電線路30之可視面積或位置,以減低視覺上的影響。此外,並將介電元件60設置於感測電極20與遮蔽元件40之間以及設置於導電線路30與遮蔽元件40之間以增加絕緣性,避免不同的感測電極20或導電線路30藉由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。In the fourteenth embodiment of the fifteenth embodiment, the touch panel structure 1500 is similar in structure to the touch panel structure 1400, and includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, and a shielding member 40. The single integrated substrate has both support and protection, including a viewable area and an adjacent area immediately adjacent to the viewable area. The shielding element 40 substantially shields the conductive line 30, and directly electrically connects the conductive line 30 or is connected to the sensing electrode 20 by a conductive adhesive, and appropriately selects the material of the conductive line 30 and controls the visibility of the conductive line 30. Area or location to reduce visual impact. In addition, the dielectric element 60 is disposed between the sensing electrode 20 and the shielding element 40 and between the conductive line 30 and the shielding element 40 to increase insulation, avoiding different sensing electrodes 20 or conductive lines 30 by The shielding element 40 is turned on to generate an erroneous signal.

上述第2圖至第15圖的實施例於基板10的同一表面製作上述結構,本發明的結構除了可以應用於製作單一基板的觸控面板,亦可將其整合於觸控顯示器的製造過程。本發明的觸控面板結構可用於各種顯示器,如液晶顯示器、個人電腦(PC)顯示器、手機顯示器、掌上型顯示器、個人數位助理(PDA)顯示器、或電子書顯示器。此外,亦可以結合具有其他功能的材料,例如,防刮、防眩光或防反射等功能的塗料等。下述的實施例中,同時使用基板10的兩個表面製作此類使用單一基板的觸控面板結構。The above embodiments of FIGS. 2 to 15 form the above structure on the same surface of the substrate 10. The structure of the present invention can be applied to a touch panel manufacturing process by being applied to a touch panel for fabricating a single substrate. The touch panel structure of the present invention can be used in various displays such as liquid crystal displays, personal computer (PC) displays, cell phone displays, palm-sized displays, personal digital assistant (PDA) displays, or e-book displays. In addition, it is also possible to combine materials having other functions, such as paints having functions such as scratch resistance, anti-glare or anti-reflection. In the embodiments described below, such a touch panel structure using a single substrate is fabricated using both surfaces of the substrate 10 at the same time.

第16圖的第十五實施例中,觸控面板結構1600包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40及保護元件70,該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。本實施例中感測電極20和導電線路30以直接電性連接或以導電性黏合物電性連接於基板10的一側,並且使感測電極20夾置於基板10和導電線路30之間,再將遮蔽元件40設置基板10的另一側,並且能實質上遮蔽導電線路30。保護元件70,可使用實質上透明的材料,可實質上包覆和保護遮蔽元件40。此外,保護元件70可依照不同的需求,提供防刮、防眩光和防反射等功能,或者保護元件70亦可省略不製造。基板10與保護元件70亦能使用相同材質,或可於製備基板時整合製造基板10、遮蔽元件40與保護元件70。此外,遮蔽元件40位於基板10的另一側,因此對於絕緣性和耐熱性等要求較為寬鬆,而能有更多材料可供選擇。In the fifteenth embodiment of the sixteenth embodiment, the touch panel structure 1600 includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, a shielding component 40, and a protection component 70. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate and has support and The protection function comprises a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. In this embodiment, the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected or electrically connected to one side of the substrate 10 with a conductive adhesive, and the sensing electrode 20 is sandwiched between the substrate 10 and the conductive line 30. The shielding member 40 is then disposed on the other side of the substrate 10, and the conductive line 30 can be substantially shielded. The protective element 70 can be substantially transparent and can substantially cover and protect the shielding element 40. In addition, the protection component 70 can provide functions such as scratch resistance, anti-glare, and anti-reflection according to different requirements, or the protection component 70 can also be omitted. The substrate 10 and the protective member 70 can also be made of the same material, or the substrate 10, the shielding member 40, and the protective member 70 can be integrally formed when the substrate is prepared. Further, the shielding member 40 is located on the other side of the substrate 10, so that the requirements for insulation and heat resistance are loose, and more materials are available.

第17圖為本發明的第十六實施例,觸控面板結構1700相似於觸控面板結構1600,亦包含有基板10、感測電極20、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40及保護元件70,該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。本實施例中感測電極20和導電線路30以直接電性連接或以導電性黏合物電性連接於基板10的一側,並且使導電線路30夾置於基板10和感測電極20之間,再將遮蔽元件40設置基板10的另一側以實質上遮蔽導電線路30。保護元件70實質上包覆和保護遮蔽元件40,依照不同的需求亦可提供防刮、防眩光和防反射等功能,或者保護元件70亦可省略不製造。17 is a 16th embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel structure 1700 is similar to the touch panel structure 1600, and includes a substrate 10, a sensing electrode 20, a conductive line 30, a shielding element 40, and a protection component 70. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area. In this embodiment, the sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected or electrically connected to one side of the substrate 10 with a conductive adhesive, and the conductive line 30 is sandwiched between the substrate 10 and the sensing electrode 20 . The shielding element 40 is then disposed on the other side of the substrate 10 to substantially shield the conductive traces 30. The protective component 70 substantially covers and protects the shielding component 40, and may also provide functions such as scratch resistance, anti-glare, and anti-reflection according to different requirements, or the protection component 70 may be omitted from manufacturing.

第18圖的第十七實施例中,觸控面板結構1800包含有基板10、感測電極20及21、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40及保護元件70。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。本實施例中,感測電極20及21分別設置於基板10的兩側,可使用一側的感測電極20感測第一方向的觸控信號,並使用另一側的感測電極21感測第二方向的觸控信號。感測電極20和導電線路30以直接電性連接或以導電性黏合物電性連接於基板10的一側,並且使感測電極20夾置於基板10和導電線路30之間,再將遮蔽元件40設置於基板10的另一側和保護元件70之間,並且能實質上遮蔽導電線路30。此外,亦可將感測電極21設置於保護元件70和遮蔽元件40之間、或將保護元件70設置於感測電極21和遮蔽元件40之間、或者感測電極21和遮蔽元件40不重疊的設置於保護元件70和基板10之間、或測電極21和遮蔽元件40不重疊的和基板10夾置保護元件。保護元件70實質上包覆和保護感測電極21及遮蔽元件40,保護元件70可依照不同的需求提供防刮、防眩光、防反射或是具有與感測電極21相近的折射率等功能,或者保護元件70亦可省略不製造。In the seventeenth embodiment of FIG. 18, the touch panel structure 1800 includes a substrate 10, sensing electrodes 20 and 21, a conductive line 30, a shielding member 40, and a protective member 70. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. In this embodiment, the sensing electrodes 20 and 21 are respectively disposed on two sides of the substrate 10, and the sensing electrodes in one direction can be used to sense the touch signal in the first direction, and the sensing electrodes 21 on the other side are used. Measuring the touch signal in the second direction. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected or electrically connected to one side of the substrate 10 with a conductive adhesive, and the sensing electrode 20 is sandwiched between the substrate 10 and the conductive line 30, and then shielded. The component 40 is disposed between the other side of the substrate 10 and the protective component 70 and is capable of substantially shielding the conductive traces 30. In addition, the sensing electrode 21 may be disposed between the protective element 70 and the shielding element 40, or the protective element 70 may be disposed between the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding element 40, or the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding element 40 may not overlap. The substrate 10 is disposed between the protective member 70 and the substrate 10, or the measuring electrode 21 and the shielding member 40 are not overlapped. The protection component 70 substantially covers and protects the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding component 40. The protection component 70 can provide anti-scratch, anti-glare, anti-reflection or refractive index similar to the sensing electrode 21 according to different requirements. Alternatively, the protective element 70 may be omitted from manufacturing.

第19圖為本發明的第十八實施例中,觸控面板結構1900相似於觸控面板結構1800,其包含有基板10、感測電極20及21、導電線路30、遮蔽元件40及保護元件70。該基板屬性為一單一整合基板同時具有支撐與保護作用,包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰近區域。本實施例中,感測電極20及21分別設置於基板10的兩側。感測電極20和導電線路30以直接電性連接或以導電性黏合物電性連接於基板10的一側,並且使導電線路30夾置於基板10和感測電極20之間,再將遮蔽元件40設置於基板10的另一側和保護元件70之間,並且能實質上遮蔽導電線路30。此外,亦可將感測電極21設置於保護元件70和遮蔽元件40之間、或將保護元件70設置於感測電極21和遮蔽元件40之間、或者感測電極21和遮蔽元件40不重疊的設置於保護元件70和基板10之間、或感測電極21和遮蔽元件40不重疊的和基板10夾置保護元件。保護元件70實質上包覆和保護感測電極21及遮蔽元件40,保護元件70可依照不同的需求提供防刮、防眩光、防反射或是具有與感測電極21相近的折射率等功能,或者保護元件70亦可省略不製造。In the eighteenth embodiment of the present invention, the touch panel structure 1900 is similar to the touch panel structure 1800, and includes a substrate 10, sensing electrodes 20 and 21, conductive lines 30, shielding elements 40, and protection elements. 70. The substrate property is a single integrated substrate having both support and protection, including a visible area and a neighboring area adjacent to the visible area. In this embodiment, the sensing electrodes 20 and 21 are respectively disposed on both sides of the substrate 10. The sensing electrode 20 and the conductive line 30 are directly electrically connected or electrically connected to one side of the substrate 10 with a conductive adhesive, and the conductive line 30 is sandwiched between the substrate 10 and the sensing electrode 20, and then shielded. The component 40 is disposed between the other side of the substrate 10 and the protective component 70 and is capable of substantially shielding the conductive traces 30. In addition, the sensing electrode 21 may be disposed between the protective element 70 and the shielding element 40, or the protective element 70 may be disposed between the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding element 40, or the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding element 40 may not overlap. The substrate 10 is disposed between the protective member 70 and the substrate 10, or the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding member 40 are not overlapped. The protection component 70 substantially covers and protects the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding component 40. The protection component 70 can provide anti-scratch, anti-glare, anti-reflection or refractive index similar to the sensing electrode 21 according to different requirements. Alternatively, the protective element 70 may be omitted from manufacturing.

第20圖為本發明的第十九實施例,觸控面板結構2000相似於觸控面板結構1800,其包含觸控面板結構1800的所有特徵,並且在感測電極21與遮蔽元件40之間設置介電元件60以增加絕緣性,而避免不同的感測電極21間藉由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。此外,介電元件60也可以具有與感測電極21相近的折射率,避免感測電極21的圖案被查覺而影響外觀。FIG. 20 is a nineteenth embodiment of the present invention. The touch panel structure 2000 is similar to the touch panel structure 1800, and includes all the features of the touch panel structure 1800 and is disposed between the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding member 40. The dielectric element 60 is used to increase the insulation, and to avoid erroneous signals generated by the shielding elements 40 being turned on between the different sensing electrodes 21. In addition, the dielectric element 60 may also have a refractive index close to that of the sensing electrode 21, preventing the pattern of the sensing electrode 21 from being perceived to affect the appearance.

第21圖的第二十實施例中,觸控面板結構2100相似於觸控面板結構1900,其包含觸控面板結構1900的所有特徵,並且在感測電極21與遮蔽元件40之間設置介電元件60以增加絕緣性,而避免不同的感測電極21間藉由遮蔽元件40導通而產生錯誤的信號。此外,介電元件60也可以具有與感測電極21相近的折射率,避免感測電極21的圖案被查覺而影響外觀。In the twentieth embodiment of FIG. 21, the touch panel structure 2100 is similar to the touch panel structure 1900, which includes all the features of the touch panel structure 1900, and provides a dielectric between the sensing electrode 21 and the shielding member 40. Element 60 is used to increase insulation while avoiding erroneous signals between different sensing electrodes 21 that are turned on by shielding element 40. In addition, the dielectric element 60 may also have a refractive index close to that of the sensing electrode 21, preventing the pattern of the sensing electrode 21 from being perceived to affect the appearance.

以上所述僅為本發明之實施例,本領域具有通常知識者藉由上述說明以及圖式即能理解符合本發明之均等結構、材料、方法、手段與衍生變化。本說明書以文字及圖式所列舉的實施例用以闡述本發明之精神,圖式中各元件的形狀、尺寸與位置僅為示意用,而非用於限縮申請專利範圍。The above are only the embodiments of the present invention, and those skilled in the art can understand the equivalent structures, materials, methods, means and variations of the present invention. The present invention is intended to be illustrative of the spirit and scope of the present invention, and the shapes, dimensions, and positions of the various elements in the drawings are merely illustrative and not intended to limit the scope of the application.

10...基板10. . . Substrate

11...可視區域11. . . Visible area

12、13、14...鄰接區域12, 13, 14. . . Adjacent area

20、21...感測電極20, 21. . . Sense electrode

30...導電線路30. . . Conductive line

40...遮蔽元件40. . . Shading element

41...經處理之區域41. . . Processed area

50...穿孔50. . . perforation

60...介電元件60. . . Dielectric element

70...保護元件70. . . Protective component

80...信號處理裝置80. . . Signal processing device

90...感測電極圖案90. . . Sense electrode pattern

92、94...導線92, 94. . . wire

96...絕緣元件96. . . Insulating element

98...穿孔98. . . perforation

100~2400...觸控面板結構100~2400. . . Touch panel structure

第1圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第一實施例的上視圖;1 is a top view of a first embodiment of a touch panel structure of the present invention;

第2圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第一實施例的剖視圖;2 is a cross-sectional view showing a first embodiment of a touch panel structure of the present invention;

第3圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第二實施例的剖視圖;3 is a cross-sectional view showing a second embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第4圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第三實施例的剖視圖;4 is a cross-sectional view showing a third embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第5圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第四實施例的剖視圖;Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view showing a fourth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第6圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第五實施例的剖視圖;Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view showing a fifth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第7圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第六實施例的剖視圖;Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view showing a sixth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第8圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第七實施例的剖視圖;Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view showing a seventh embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第9圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第八實施例的剖視圖;Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view showing an eighth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第10圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第九實施例的剖視圖;Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a ninth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第11圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十實施例的剖視圖;11 is a cross-sectional view showing a tenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第12圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十一實施例的剖視圖;Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view showing an eleventh embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第13圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十二實施例的剖視圖;Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view showing a twelfth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第14圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十三實施例的剖視圖;Figure 14 is a cross-sectional view showing a thirteenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第15圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十四實施例的剖視圖;Figure 15 is a cross-sectional view showing a fourteenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第16圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十五實施例的剖視圖;Figure 16 is a cross-sectional view showing a fifteenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第17圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十六實施例的剖視圖;Figure 17 is a cross-sectional view showing a sixteenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第18圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十七實施例的剖視圖;Figure 18 is a cross-sectional view showing a seventeenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第19圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十八實施例的剖視圖;Figure 19 is a cross-sectional view showing an eighteenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第20圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第十九實施例的剖視圖;Figure 20 is a cross-sectional view showing a nineteenth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第21圖為本發明之觸控面板結構第二十實施例的剖視圖;Figure 21 is a cross-sectional view showing a twentieth embodiment of the touch panel structure of the present invention;

第22圖為本發明之觸控面板結構實施例的上視圖;Figure 22 is a top view of an embodiment of a touch panel structure of the present invention;

第23圖為本發明之觸控面板結構實施例的上視圖和剖視圖;Figure 23 is a top view and a cross-sectional view showing an embodiment of a touch panel structure of the present invention;

第24圖為本發明之觸控面板結構實施例的上視圖。Figure 24 is a top view of an embodiment of a touch panel structure of the present invention.

10‧‧‧基板10‧‧‧Substrate

20‧‧‧感測電極20‧‧‧Sensing electrode

30‧‧‧導電線路30‧‧‧Electrical circuit

40‧‧‧遮蔽元件40‧‧‧shading components

600‧‧‧觸控面板結構600‧‧‧Touch panel structure

Claims (37)

  1. 一種觸控面板結構,包含:一單一整合基板,該基板包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰接區域;一遮蔽元件,設置於該鄰接區域;一電極用以偵測一觸控信號;一導電線路用以傳輸該觸控信號至一信號處理裝置;其中該電極和該導電線路設置於該基板的同一面,該遮蔽元件設置於該基板的另一面。 A touch panel structure includes: a single integrated substrate, the substrate includes a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area; a shielding component disposed in the adjacent area; an electrode for detecting a touch signal; A conductive line is configured to transmit the touch signal to a signal processing device; wherein the electrode and the conductive line are disposed on a same side of the substrate, and the shielding element is disposed on the other side of the substrate.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一保護元件設置於該遮蔽元件之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, further comprising a protective component disposed on the shielding component.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一保護元件,其中該遮蔽元件和該保護元件設置於該基板的同一面。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, further comprising a protection component, wherein the shielding component and the protection component are disposed on a same side of the substrate.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一導電性黏合物電性連接該電極和該導電線路。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, further comprising a conductive adhesive electrically connecting the electrode and the conductive line.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該導電線路部份設置於該電極之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, wherein the conductive line portion is disposed on the electrode.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該電極部份設置於該導電線路之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, wherein the electrode portion is disposed on the conductive line.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一保護元件選自防刮元件、防眩光元件、或防反射元件。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, further comprising a protection element selected from the group consisting of a scratch-resistant element, an anti-glare element, or an anti-reflection element.
  8. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一保護元件,其中該保護元件和該基板為實質上相同的材料。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, further comprising a protective component, wherein the protective component and the substrate are substantially the same material.
  9. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該遮蔽元件設置於該基板之上,該基板設置於該導電線路之上,該電極設 置於該導電線路之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, wherein the shielding element is disposed on the substrate, the substrate is disposed on the conductive line, and the electrode is disposed Placed on top of the conductive line.
  10. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該遮蔽元件設置於該基板之上,該基板設置於該電極之上,該導電線路設置於該電極之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 1, wherein the shielding element is disposed on the substrate, the substrate is disposed on the electrode, and the conductive line is disposed on the electrode.
  11. 一種觸控面板結構,包含:一單一整合基板,該基板包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰接區域;一遮蔽元件,設置於該鄰接區域;一第一電極用以感測第一方向的觸控信號;一第二電極用以感測第二方向的觸控信號;一導電線路電性連接該第一電極;其中該第一電極和該導電線路設置於該基板的同一面,該第二電極設置於該基板的另一面。 A touch panel structure includes: a single integrated substrate, the substrate includes a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area; a shielding element disposed in the adjacent area; a first electrode for sensing the first direction a second electrode for sensing a touch signal in a second direction; a conductive line electrically connecting the first electrode; wherein the first electrode and the conductive line are disposed on a same side of the substrate, The second electrode is disposed on the other side of the substrate.
  12. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該遮蔽元件和該第二電極設置於該基板的同一面。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, wherein the shielding element and the second electrode are disposed on a same side of the substrate.
  13. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一保護元件設置於該第二電極之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a protection component disposed on the second electrode.
  14. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一導電性黏合物電性連接該第一電極和該導電線路。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a conductive adhesive electrically connecting the first electrode and the conductive line.
  15. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一介電元件設置於該第二電極之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a dielectric element disposed on the second electrode.
  16. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一介電元件設置於該第二電極和該遮蔽元件之間。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a dielectric element disposed between the second electrode and the shielding element.
  17. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含:一介電元件設置於該第二電極之上;以及 一保護元件設置於該介電元件之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising: a dielectric element disposed on the second electrode; A protective component is disposed over the dielectric component.
  18. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一介電元件,其中該介電元件和該第二電極設置於該基板的同一面。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a dielectric component, wherein the dielectric component and the second electrode are disposed on a same side of the substrate.
  19. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一介電元件設置於該第二電極之上,該第二電極設置於該基板之上,該基板設置於該第一電極之上,該第一電極設置於該導電線路之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a dielectric component disposed on the second electrode, the second electrode disposed on the substrate, the substrate being disposed on the first electrode The first electrode is disposed on the conductive line.
  20. 如申請專利範圍第11項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一介電元件設置於該第二電極之上,該第二電極設置於該基板之上,該基板設置於該導電線路之上,該導電線路設置於該第一電極之上。 The touch panel structure of claim 11, further comprising a dielectric element disposed on the second electrode, the second electrode disposed on the substrate, the substrate being disposed on the conductive line The conductive line is disposed on the first electrode.
  21. 一種觸控面板結構,包含:一單一整合基板,該基板包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰接區域;一第一感測電極,用以偵測一觸控信號;一導電線路,並且電性連接於該第一感測電極;以及一遮蔽元件,設置於該鄰接區域,該第一感測電極、該導電線路和該遮蔽元件設置於該基板;其中該基板係設置於該遮蔽元件與該導電線路之間。 A touch panel structure includes: a single integrated substrate, the substrate includes a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area; a first sensing electrode for detecting a touch signal; a conductive line; Electrically connected to the first sensing electrode; and a shielding component disposed in the adjacent region, the first sensing electrode, the conductive circuit and the shielding component are disposed on the substrate; wherein the substrate is disposed on the shielding component Between the conductive line and the conductive line.
  22. 如申請專利範圍第21項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該第一感測電極係設置於該基板與該導電線路之間。 The touch panel structure of claim 21, wherein the first sensing electrode is disposed between the substrate and the conductive line.
  23. 如申請專利範圍第21項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一第一保護元件,該第一保護元件實質上包覆該遮蔽元件。 The touch panel structure of claim 21, further comprising a first protection element, the first protection element substantially covering the shielding element.
  24. 如申請專利範圍第21項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該導電線路與該第一感測電極使用相同材料。 The touch panel structure of claim 21, wherein the conductive line uses the same material as the first sensing electrode.
  25. 如申請專利範圍第21項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該第一感測電極包含設置於一第一平面的複數個第一電極圖案,用以於一第一方向的偵測一觸控信號,所述的觸控面板結構另包含:一第二感測電極,包含設置於該第一平面的複數個第二電極圖案,用以於一第二方向偵測該觸控信號;一第一導線電性連接該複數個第一電極圖案;一絕緣材料至少部份包覆該第一導線;一第二導線設置於該絕緣材料上方,且電性連接該複數個第二電極圖案。 The touch panel structure of claim 21, wherein the first sensing electrode comprises a plurality of first electrode patterns disposed on a first plane for detecting a touch in a first direction The touch panel structure further includes: a second sensing electrode, comprising a plurality of second electrode patterns disposed on the first plane, for detecting the touch signal in a second direction; A wire is electrically connected to the plurality of first electrode patterns; an insulating material at least partially covers the first wire; and a second wire is disposed above the insulating material and electrically connected to the plurality of second electrode patterns.
  26. 如申請專利範圍第25項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該第二導線及該第二感測電極以相同材料製造。 The touch panel structure of claim 25, wherein the second wire and the second sensing electrode are made of the same material.
  27. 如申請專利範圍第25項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該絕緣材料至少部份包覆該第二電極圖案,該第二導線藉由該絕緣材料上的一個或多個穿孔電性連結該複數個第二電極圖案。 The touch panel structure of claim 25, wherein the insulating material at least partially covers the second electrode pattern, and the second wire is electrically connected by one or more perforations on the insulating material A plurality of second electrode patterns.
  28. 如申請專利範圍第21項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該第一感測電極包含一個或多個經地址編碼的電極圖案,用以於一第一方向及一第二方向偵測一觸控信號。 The touch panel structure of claim 21, wherein the first sensing electrode comprises one or more address-coded electrode patterns for detecting a touch in a first direction and a second direction Control signal.
  29. 如申請專利範圍第28項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該經地址編碼的電極圖案之一選自圓形、橢圓形、三角形、矩形、梯形或多邊形。 The touch panel structure of claim 28, wherein one of the address-coded electrode patterns is selected from the group consisting of a circle, an ellipse, a triangle, a rectangle, a trapezoid or a polygon.
  30. 如申請專利範圍第28項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該經地址編碼的電極圖案具有不同的尺寸。 The touch panel structure of claim 28, wherein the address-coded electrode patterns have different sizes.
  31. 如申請專利範圍第28項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該經地址編碼的電極圖案具有不同的導電度。 The touch panel structure of claim 28, wherein the address-coded electrode patterns have different electrical conductivities.
  32. 一種觸控面板結構,包含: 一單一整合基板,該基板包含一可視區域與一緊鄰該可視區域的鄰接區域;一第一感測電極,用以偵測一觸控信號;一第二感測電極,並且該基板係設置於該第一感測電極與該第二感測電極之間;一導電線路,並且電性連接於該第一感測電極;以及一遮蔽元件,設置於該鄰接區域,該第一感測電極、該導電線路和該遮蔽元件設置於該基板。 A touch panel structure comprising: a single integrated substrate, the substrate includes a visible area and an adjacent area adjacent to the visible area; a first sensing electrode for detecting a touch signal; a second sensing electrode; and the substrate is disposed on the substrate Between the first sensing electrode and the second sensing electrode; a conductive line electrically connected to the first sensing electrode; and a shielding element disposed in the adjacent region, the first sensing electrode, The conductive line and the shielding element are disposed on the substrate.
  33. 如申請專利範圍第32項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一第二保護元件,該第二保護元件實質上包覆該第二感測電極。 The touch panel structure of claim 32, further comprising a second protection element, the second protection element substantially covering the second sensing electrode.
  34. 如申請專利範圍第32項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該導電線路與該第一感測電極使用相同材料。 The touch panel structure of claim 32, wherein the conductive line uses the same material as the first sensing electrode.
  35. 如申請專利範圍第33項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該第二保護元件和該第二感測電極具有實質上相近的折射率。 The touch panel structure of claim 33, wherein the second protection element and the second sensing electrode have substantially similar refractive indices.
  36. 如申請專利範圍第32項所述的觸控面板結構,另包含一介電元件,設置於該第二感測電極與該遮蔽元件之間。 The touch panel structure of claim 32, further comprising a dielectric component disposed between the second sensing electrode and the shielding component.
  37. 如申請專利範圍第36項所述的觸控面板結構,其中該介電元件和該第二感測電極具有實質上相近的折射率。 The touch panel structure of claim 36, wherein the dielectric element and the second sensing electrode have substantially similar refractive indices.
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