RU2393967C9 - Transloading system and railroad car to be used therewith - Google Patents

Transloading system and railroad car to be used therewith Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2393967C9
RU2393967C9 RU2008140951/11A RU2008140951A RU2393967C9 RU 2393967 C9 RU2393967 C9 RU 2393967C9 RU 2008140951/11 A RU2008140951/11 A RU 2008140951/11A RU 2008140951 A RU2008140951 A RU 2008140951A RU 2393967 C9 RU2393967 C9 RU 2393967C9
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
rail
bearing
supporting
transshipment
track
Prior art date
Application number
RU2008140951/11A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2393967C2 (en
RU2008140951A (en
Inventor
Ханс-Юрген ВАЙДЕМАНН (DE)
Ханс-Юрген ВАЙДЕМАНН
Михель БАЙЕР (DE)
Михель БАЙЕР
Клаус МЕНЕРТ (DE)
Клаус МЕНЕРТ
Клаус БЕКМАНН (DE)
Клаус БЕКМАНН
Андреас ХЕЛЬМ (DE)
Андреас ХЕЛЬМ
Детлеф КАЛЬ (DE)
Детлеф КАЛЬ
Лотар ХЕРБЕРГ (DE)
Лотар ХЕРБЕРГ
Original Assignee
Каргобеамер Аг
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Priority to DE200610012208 priority Critical patent/DE102006012208B4/en
Priority to DE102006012208.9 priority
Application filed by Каргобеамер Аг filed Critical Каргобеамер Аг
Publication of RU2008140951A publication Critical patent/RU2008140951A/en
Publication of RU2393967C2 publication Critical patent/RU2393967C2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2393967C9 publication Critical patent/RU2393967C9/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D47/00Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/04Wagons or vans with movable floors, e.g. rotatable or floors which can be raised or lowered
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/16Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads
    • B61D3/20Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for forwarding containers

Abstract

FIELD: transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reload cargoes from railroad vehicles to road transport and visa versa. Proposed system comprises track 1, reloading way 6 arranged on track level and parallel to track 1, cargo transverse transfer device to transfer replaceable bearing element 51 from car 2 to reloading track 6 and back. Shuttle intended for transfer of replaceable self-driven bearing element 51 is arranged on at least one bearing rail element 8, 9, across track 1. Car has two rotary bogies with horizontal support frame with its center accommodating intake element coupled with appropriate rotary bogie front element 34 with its support element that enters intake element of rotary bogie, two hinged sidewalls 39 linked with front elements 34 and locked therewith.
EFFECT: simplified reloading and reduced reloading time.
30 cl, 7 dwg

Description

The invention relates to a system for transshipment of goods for processing at a terminal or on a railway platform for transshipment or transfer of goods such as semi-trailers, containers, truck trailers, road train trailers, removable tanks, conventional intra-modular cargo units (ISO type C) or the like. The invention also relates, in particular, to a carriage suitable for the transshipment system of the invention.
The invention relates to cargo transshipment systems that have devices for transshipment of cargoes with horizontal transverse reloading at the level of the rails using replaceable load-bearing elements, onto which the load is unloaded and stored, and which are laterally displaced by transverse transporting devices, the replaceable load-bearing elements being an integrated component of the car DE 10003315 A1, DE 4304635 A1, EI-Eisenbahningenieur (56) 4/2005, pages 10-14).
A system at the same level with the rails means that no special platform lift is required or that the loading surface of the terminal or platform has an operating level that is the same or close to the level of the rail track or to the height of the wagon axis.
The system of transshipment of goods at the rail level, known from the EI-Eisenbahningenieur publication, provides for the presence on both sides in close proximity to the rail track and parallel to it, a transshipment track, and next to it a loading road open for road vehicles. The transshipment track has at least two lateral movement devices for each transshipment route for loading and unloading a wagon standing on a rail, the lateral movement devices having respectively steel frame scaffolds in which a guide is telescopically moved, from which the cantilever extends to both sides skid.
For the known cargo transshipment system, a specially designed wagon is provided, which essentially consists of two swivel trolleys, a support frame mounted on swivel trolleys and formed of two head frames and one connecting frame, as well as a support frame located on the stops of the carrier and receiving the load tray as a superstructure of the wagon. The replaceable tray is fixed on the supporting frame, as a result of which a full car body is obtained, which perceives the dynamic loads arising from the movement of the car.
The known cargo handling system works with a relatively complex lateral movement device, which, in particular, due to the high bending force arising in the cantilever (protruding) position of the slide, is very costly and massive and must be provided with a foundation. In addition, the lateral movement device is equipped with a lifting device for lifting the removable tray from the stops of the head frames. It should be added that the wagon of the known cargo transshipment system cannot be used without an interchangeable tray during operation of the freight train, since the connecting frame of the supporting frame cannot adequately absorb the dynamic loads arising from the movement of the train.
The objective of the invention is to create a system of transshipment of goods with horizontal transverse reloading at the level of the rails and with a slight vertical movement of the transported cargo, which is easier on the platform side relative to transverse transportation and can quickly work. In addition, the object of the invention is the creation of a simple and executed, in particular, in accordance with the invention, the system of transshipment of freight cars.
These tasks are solved by the features of paragraphs 1 and 23 of the claims. Further, the invention is explained in more detail through the drawings, which show:
Fig. 1a is a perspective view of a fragment of a cargo transshipment device of the invention with a wagon of the invention;
Fig. 1b is a perspective view of the fragment of Fig. 1a without a car;
Figure 2 is a perspective view of a partial area of the invention according to the invention of the transshipment of goods under the wagon;
Figure 3 is a detail perspective view of a car according to the invention;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a partial region of a carriage according to the invention located on the head side, when viewed in the direction of the hinged wall rotary device;
Figa / b is a perspective view of an embodiment of the shuttle.
The cargo transshipment system according to the invention has a cargo transshipment device or a cargo terminal transshipment station which is equipped with a transverse transshipment device, which, by way of example, is shown in perspective in FIGS. 1a and 1b.
The transverse overload device has a rail track 1 with rails 1a and 1b. On rail 1, car 2 can be positioned using appropriate positioning means (not shown). A transshipment or unloading path 5 running parallel to the rail path is provided on one side of the rail 1 and right next to it, next to which is the transshipment path 6. Stepwise protruding from it by 10-30 cm upstream 6. Next to the transshipment path 6 and also parallel to it at the same level is the roadway or path 7 for street transport, such as trucks.
The unloading path 5 and the roadway 7 are optional (i.e. optional). Routes 1, 5, 6, and 7 form a terminal or freight station. As an option, a terminal may also be provided on the other side of the rail 1, as shown in FIGS. 1a and 1b.
At the unloading track 5 below the floor level in the transverse groove of the unloading track 6 are located at a distance from each other and parallel to each other, as well as transversely or, respectively, at right angles to the track 1, at least two load-bearing rail elements 8, 9, for example, in the form of concrete guides, in which an elongated trolley or shuttle 11, having its own drive means and equipped with a supporting beam element 11c, is guided as a transverse movement module. The upper support surface element 10 located on the upper side of the shuttle supporting beam 11c on the supporting rail elements 8, 9 is at a level corresponding to the level of the plane of the upper surface of the transfer path 6. The supporting beam 11c can move vertically on the shuttle 11, for example, 3-5 centimeters up or down, so that the upper surface supporting surface element 10 of the supporting beam 11c can rise, slightly protruding beyond the plane of the upper surface of the transfer path 6. Figures 1a and 1b show that the shuttle 11 is located in appropriate suitable recesses or transverse grooves of the transfer path 6 on the load-bearing rail elements 8, 9 and can extend in this area along the entire width of the transfer path 6, as well as the load-bearing rail elements 8, 9.
It is advisable that the transfer path 6 and the discharge path 5 are of the same width, for example from 250 to 400 cm, and the length of the shuttle 11 corresponds to their width, and the transfer path 6 has at least such a width that the truck can easily move along it parallel to the rail 1. It is advisable that the transfer path 6 from the side of the discharge path 5 has a protruding upward bounding edge 12, which should prevent entry to the downstream discharge path 5 of a street transport, such as a truck, food his transshipment path 6, the limiting edge 12 in the carrier rail parts 8, 9 is absent or, respectively, has a gap.
The end 13 of the load-bearing rail elements 8, 9 located on the side of the rail track ends at a predetermined distance from the rail 1b opposite to each other, moreover, a short transitional load-bearing rail element 14 is located immediately in front of the rail 1b, and between the rails 1a and 1b, the supporting rail element 15. Thus, accordingly, between the free ends 13 of the supporting rail elements 8, 9 and the transitional supporting rail element 14, free space or a gap 16 is created length, for example, from 20 to 80 cm, the purpose of which will be disclosed below.
It is advisable in the area of the rail 1, for example, from the outside or, respectively, from the unloading track, respectively, immediately next to each rail 1a, 1b, to provide at least two vertically working, connected with the railway, located at a certain distance from long-stroke devices 17 connected to each other by driving means, which are synchronously driven, for example, by driving means installed, for example, on a railway track, for example, motor 18, h through lead screws 19, and the lead screws 19 are preferably rotatably mounted in the transition bearing rails 14, and long-stroke devices 17 are adjacent to the transition bearing rail elements 14. The purpose of the long-travel devices 17, which provide, for example, movement (stroke) from 10 to 40 cm will also be disclosed below. A particular embodiment of the shuttle 11 is shown in FIG. 5 a (with a supporting beam 11 c) and in FIG. 5 b (without a supporting beam 11 c).
The shuttle 11 of the transverse overload device according to the invention has several successively arranged one after the other, for example, roller elements or wheels 11a supported on the axis, which roll along the guide tracks of the bearing rail elements 8, 9, as well as the transitional bearing rail element 14 and the bearing rail element 15 moreover, on each shuttle 11 or in it is located or is located on the side of the platform, for example, motor drive means 63, and this drive means 63 results in at least at least one roller element 11a, and also configured for controlled by the control device (not shown) to synchronously move both shuttles 11. It is advisable to choose the length of the shuttle 11 and / or the carrier beam 11c so that the shuttle 11 when it is positioned between the rails 1a and 1b, reached the gap 16 and rested also on the supporting rail element 8 or, respectively, 9, as a result of which under the shuttle 11 in the region of the gap 16 there appears a free space with a length of, for example, from 30 to 80 cm and a height of from 5 to 40 cm. In addition, Celesoo differently, so that the roller elements 11a are spaced apart in the longitudinal direction of the shuttle so that at least one roller element 11a is supported simultaneously on the supporting rail element 8 or, respectively, 9, and on the transition bearing rail element 14 or on the transition bearing rail element 14 and onto the supporting rail element 15 or, preferably, the supporting rail element 8 or 9, respectively, a transitional supporting rail element 14 and a supporting rail element 15.
The shuttle has, for example, a longitudinal extension of the chassis 61, which carries the roller elements 11a and optionally (i.e. optionally) the drive means 63 for the roller elements 11a. In addition, it is provided that the carrier beam 11 c is connected to the chassis 61 by at least one leaning on the chassis 61, connected to the drive means, vertically operating and driving short-stroke device 62, for example short-stroke, cylinder-piston device, and short-stroke device as rises and falls again, for example, with drive means 63 and can, for example, provide a stroke of 3 to 5 cm.
Preferably, the unloading path 5 has at least two unloading elements, for example, four unloading units 20, onto which the load carrier or the replaceable support element of the carriage 2 is lowered. For example, two unloading units 20 are located at a distance from each other next to the support rail 8 and the bearing rail 9.
For the cargo transshipment system according to the invention or, respectively, for the transverse overload device according to the invention, in particular, the car structure is assembled from essentially three identical basic elements, namely from the trolley 30, the car head 34 and the hinged wall 39 as lateral wall element, and the basic elements are arranged in pairs symmetrically and oppositely to each other. Accordingly, the car 2 is assembled essentially of two basic elements. The swivel trolley or, accordingly, the wheels and axles and the head element of the car 34 can be combined into a single unit.
Wagon 2 has two conventional axially rotary bogies 30 arranged at a normal distance from each other, with a horizontal supporting frame 32 arranged between the axles and parallel to it and supported on the frame frame 31, in which a receiving element 33 is provided in the center. Can also be used other common types of execution.
On each pivoting trolley 30, by means of a corresponding support element (not shown), which enters the receiving element 33, a car head element 34 consisting essentially of horizontal braces is supported, on which ordinary car buffers 35 are mounted on the outer end side. Car head elements 34 interconnected according to the invention - as well as both swivel carts 30 - exclusively by means of the folding side walls 39, rigidly fixed and clamped on the head elements 34 of the car.
Each head element 34 has, at the top and the length, a longitudinal beam 36, for example, a support beam, on which at least one, preferably two, protruding, locking or locking trunnions 37 in as the fixing and clamping member for the hinged wall 39. Preferably, from above and approximately in the center, on each head member 34 there is a pivot receiving device 60 for receiving the pivot of a saddle trailer.
An expedient embodiment of the longitudinal beam 36 is shown in FIG. Accordingly, the locking trunnions 37 are placed on a raised longitudinally extending ledge 36a located on the inner side, in front of which a more deep-seated horizontal supporting surface 36b is located. Preferably, it is preferable to locate at least one positioning rib 38 extending laterally from the abutment shoulder 36a and extending transversely above the abutment surface 36b in the region located on the inner end side of the locking pin 37.
The locking trunnion 37 and the positioning ribs 38 on the head elements 34, which are supported by both rotary trolleys 30, fix, clamp and position on both sides of the car 2 the corresponding vertically folding flap 39, and the folding wall 39 overlaps the distance between both rotary trolleys or, respectively, both head elements 34 of the car and ensures the rigidity of the car structure along the length, so that car 2 can absorb the load and arising from the movement of the car, in particular, dynamic Booting even without the use of removable structure of bearing elements for the load.
The hinged wall 39 of the carriage has a thickness of, for example, 5 to 20 cm and has a load-absorbing wall 40, on which, on both sides, upwardly displaced due to the corresponding preferentially extending upwardly curved or correspondingly curved upward connecting wall 41, a support wall 42 is provided, passing parallel to the load-bearing wall 40. The height of the load-bearing wall 40 is from 30 to 80 cm, so in view of its dimensions in thickness and height, the load-bearing wall 40 passes into the space of the Eerie 16 by hook 11.
The lower edge 42a of the support wall 42 rests on the support surface 36b of the corresponding longitudinal beam 36 of the head element 34, and on the inner side of the car on the support wall 42 are located locking eyes, or lock loops, that interact with the locking pins 37 for fixing, locking and clamping the hinged walls 42b, which enclose the locking pins 37 of the head member 34, the positioning rib 38 of the longitudinal beam 36 being included in the corresponding positioner located on the inside of the car a groove 42c of the support wall 42.
The locking pins 37 and the locking eyes 42b have, according to the invention, detachable locking and clamping devices (not shown), by means of which the hinged walls 39, which are rigidly fixed and clamped on the head elements 34, can be detachably fixed or, respectively, mounted.
Thus, the hinged walls 39 of the car through the head elements 34 of the car fasten the swivel carts 30 together with each other in a single car structure so that the car structure can absorb the forces and loads that arise due to loading by the replaceable load-bearing element and, in particular, during movement, installation and dismantling of carriage 2 is simple due to its modular design of only three basic elements.
According to the invention, the hinged walls 39 are connected to the head elements 34 with the possibility of opening outward and closing again in a rotary manner. To do this, it is advisable with the inward side of the car turned on each head element 34 and, respectively, on both sides of the transverse middle of the car 2, drive rotary means for the hinged walls 39 are provided. These drive rotary means have, as shown in the example (Fig. 4), at one end on the support wall 42 of the hinged wall 39 and near the connecting wall 41, a lever arm that extends at right angles from the hinged wall 39 into the car, and the other end is rotatably mounted by means of a rotary bearing in the rocker block 44, which moves in a vertical rocker rail 45 provided in the downwardly facing end side region of the head element 34. According to the invention, the drive means connected to the railroad track or to the head element through the connecting element acts on the rocker block 44 and can shift it up and down.
The end of the connecting rod 46 is pivotally attached to the shoulder of the lever, approximately in the middle region of its length, which is pivotally attached to the rocker block 47 with its other end, and the rocker block 47 is guided slightly above the rocker rail 45 in the horizontal rocker track 48.
The rocker unit 47 is also connected to a drive means connected to the railroad track or head element, which can bias the rocker block 47 by means of a connecting link so that the hinge wall 39 is rotated. It is advisable that the hinged wall rotary drive 39 is driven by a motor. To this end, in the above example, in the middle in the transverse direction, on the front side of the carriage, facing the inside of the carriage 34, there is a motor 49, which can drive the rocker blocks 47 in a known manner on both sides by a lead screw 50. Similarly, a drive connected to the railway track can, as already mentioned, drive the lead screws 50.
For receiving cargo for wagon 2 and for the lateral movement device according to the invention, a replaceable floor element 51 is provided as a replaceable load carrier or car insert or load carrier, which fits freely or is inserted between both head elements 34 and both hinged walls 39, and preferably not connected to head elements 34.
The exchangeable floor element 51 has a flat floor 52 and, preferably, extends upwardly on the lateral side of the limiting wall 53 and also lying adjacent to the limiting wall 53 more deeply of the track 54. Accordingly, in the region of the free longitudinal ends on both sides of the exchangeable floor element 51, at least two hanging struts 55 extending upwardly on the bounding walls 53 are provided, which respectively have suspended protrusions bent outwardly at their free ends 56. Preferably, ootvetstvenno between the two projections 56 of one side of the floor element 51 replaced to provide a connecting strut 57.
The protrusions 56 are lowered onto the upper edge 40a of the load-bearing wall 40, and it is also advisable to provide that the positioning pins 58 located on the upper edge 40a enter into the preferably elongated holes 59 of the protrusions 56.
Next, a method for transshipment of cargoes according to the invention of a transshipment system will be described in more detail, moreover, they come from a transshipment system, which preferably has cargo handling devices according to the invention on both sides of the track 1.
Movable along concrete guides 8, 9 to the load path 6, the lateral movement units or shuttles 11 having retracted short-stroke devices 62 are located on the load paths 6. On the side columns of the parking track or unloading track 5, a replaceable floor element is installed on one side of the railway track 1 51. On the other side of the rail, there is no replaceable floor element.
Both shuttles 11 on one side drive up under the replaceable floor element 51 on the parking path 5. They are driven by their own motors 63 and are controlled from a central monitoring and control system (not shown).
The actuators 63 drive the short-stroke devices 62, for example, with a shifting transmission element (alternatively, a separate, for example, a hydraulic or electric drive can also be provided) and lift the replaceable floor element from the posts 20 of the parking path 5.
Shuttles 11 call into the transfer path 6 with the replaceable floor element 51 raised and lower it there using short-stroke devices 62.
A tractor with a truck trailer enters from the roadway (track) 7 onto a transfer path 6 at a certain distance from the replaceable floor element 51, so as to be able to drive directly onto the replaceable floor element 51 and detach its truck trailer from the replaceable floor element 51. It is advisable so that the replaceable floor element 51 has motion-sensitive elements for positioning the axles of the saddle trailer (not shown). After uncoupling, the truck trailer rests on its supports, and the driver can lock the wheels with locking devices, such as wedges or folding devices (not shown).
The tractor leaves the replaceable floor element 51 and, for example, from the terminal or picks up the arrived truck trailer from another replaceable floor element 51.
Short-stroke devices 62 shuttles 11, located under the replaceable floor element 51, lift the loaded replaceable floor element 51. After that, the shuttles 11 transfer the loaded replaceable floor element to the parking path 5 and place it there on the posts 20 by lowering the short-stroke devices 62. After that they drive back to the transfer path 6 and close the transverse grooves there.
When all replaceable floor elements 51 prepared for reloading are loaded onto a parking track or unloading track 5, a train arrives with wagons 2 loaded, for example, with saddle trailers, and the wagons 2 of the train are placed in a predetermined position on the parking path 5 using the positioning elements in the railway track devices (not shown).
Then, the locking pins 37 of the respective car 2 are released and the clamping action of the locking pins 37 with the locking eyes 42b is released. In addition, the locking of the pivot in the pivot receiving device 60 is released. It is preferably detachable also manually by means of, for example, a traction link mechanism for emergency operation or operation in a crane terminal.
The replaceable floor element 51 on the carriage 2 of the approaching train is so lifted by means of the long-travel device 17, respectively rigidly positioned in the railway track, that the hanging protrusions 56 of the replaceable floor element 51 rise, for example, 10 cm above the load-bearing wall 40.
The rocker unit 44 and thereby the pivoting support of the hinged wall 39 are raised by means of the drive means provided for this, so that the locking eyes 42b rise above the locking pins and the hinged wall can be turned outward and downward. As an actuator for lifting the pivot bearing and, accordingly, the rocker block 44, for example, an independent motor with transmission or clutch on a long-stroke device 17 or an outlet from a central drive located on a car or platform can be provided.
The hinged walls 39 are tilted down to the unloading path 5 by means of the spindles 50 and the rocker blocks 47, the rocker blocks 44 also simultaneously or after that slightly lower so that the load-bearing wall 40 of the hinged wall 39 falls into the gap 16 between the load-bearing rail elements 8, 9 and intermediate supporting rail elements 14. Due to this, the hinged wall 39 is lowered so low that the load-absorbing wall 40 is below the level of movement of the shuttle 11. As a drive ka 47 provides the drive, as given above for the case of the propulsion unit of the rocker 44.
The shuttles 11 of the side on which there is no replaceable floor element 51 on the parking path 5, launch their short-stroke devices 62 and drive under the replaceable floor element 51, which is on the carriage 2 in the raised position.
The replaceable floor element 51 on the carriage 2 is lowered to the shuttles 11 by means of long-stroke devices 17. The shuttles 11 transport the replaceable floor element 51 above the posts 20 of the free parking path 5 and lower it there by means of their short-stroke devices 62 and drive alongside into the transverse grooves of the transfer path 6.
At the same time, shuttles 11 from the side of the replaceable floor elements 51, ready for reloading, from their positions in the transfer path 6 move to the unloading path 5 under the replaceable floor element 51 ready for reloading, lift it with short-stroke devices 62 and carry it to the car 2.
There, the long-stroke devices 17 raise the replaceable floor element 51, and the shuttles 11 are transferred from the car area back to the free transfer path 6, where their short-stroke devices 62 are lowered to the lower position.
In parallel with the movement of the shuttles 11, the hinged walls 39 are slightly raised, turned up and down so that the locking eyes 42b capture the locking pins 37. After that, the hinged walls are fixed and locked.
The replaceable floor element 51 is lowered by the long-stroke devices 17 until the protrusions 56 fall onto the hinged walls 39. In this case, the kingpin is lowered into the kingpin receiving device, where it is fixed.
The kingpin is fixed so that the truck driver or the loading specialist, after uncoupling the saddle trailer, imposes on the kingpin a movable kingpin locking element not shown here and fixes it on it. Preferably, after overloading the replaceable floor element 51, this geometrical locking pivot element is fixed and secured by closing side walls 39.
Locking with geometrical closure and rigidly locking the hinged walls 39 with the locking eyes 42b is achieved by actuating the clamping and locking elements of the locking pins 37. In this case, for example, clamping (jamming) of the locking pins 37 with the locking eyes 42b is achieved by means of eccentric devices on the locking pins 37 (not shown).
The supporting surfaces of the floor element to be replaced 51 are locked with a geometric closure on the upper edge 40a of the load-bearing wall 40 by means of pins 58 and elongated holes 59.
Due to the parallel loading and unloading of all wagons 2, the train is ready for departure and the unloaded goods on replaceable floor elements 51 can be removed.
In the framework of the invention, for this purpose, only a supporting rail element 8 or 9 is provided, a supporting rail element 15 and, if necessary, a transitional bearing rail element 14, as well as only one shuttle 11. In addition, within the framework of the invention, a drive fixed to the railway track and / or platform, for the shuttle or shuttles, for example by means of a rack and pinion drive.
An essential component of the invention with respect to the carriage is that the side walls 39 are not only detachably and / or tiltable in the car structure, but are also made and connected with the possibility of fixation with the elements of the swivel carts or, accordingly, the head elements, that they guarantee the transfer of forces between the elements of the swivel trolleys or head elements, as well as perceive the loads of the car coming from the load and transfer them to the elements of the swivel trolleys or head elements, so that t implemented carriage motion.

Claims (30)

1. The system of transshipment of goods for transshipment of goods from the road to the rails and vice versa with a horizontal transverse reloading occurring at the level of the rails with the help of replaceable load-bearing elements made with the possibility of integration into the wagon structure and receiving loads (51), which has a) rail track (1 ) with two rails (1a, 1b), b) an overload track (6) located next to the rail track (1) approximately at the level of the rails, c) a device for lateral movement of cargo for lateral movement of replaced load-bearing elements ntov (51) from the car (2) to the transfer track (6) or vice versa, characterized in that the lateral movement device has d) at least one load-bearing rail element (8, 9) extending transversely to the rail track (1) and preferably located below the floor level in the transverse grooves in the transfer path (6), e) located in the continuation of the supporting rail element (8, 9) between the rails (1a, 1b), preferably the supporting rail element coaxial with the supporting rail element (8, 9) (15), f) at least one preferably equipped self tween the driving device (63), guided on the bearing rail element (8, 9) and the bearing rail element (15) hook (11) for the transverse displacement replaceable bearing element (51).
2. The cargo transshipment system according to claim 1, characterized in that the lateral movement device has at least two load-bearing rail elements (8, 9) located parallel and at a distance from each other, passing across to the rail track (1) preferably located below the floor level in the transverse grooves of the transfer path (6), located respectively in the continuation of the load-bearing rail elements (8, 9) between the rails (1a, 1b), preferably coaxial with the corresponding load-bearing rail elements (8, 9), load-bearing rail elements s (15), on the corresponding preferably equipped with its own drive device (63) is sent on each carrier rail element (8 or 9) and the respective bearing rail element (15), the shuttle (11) for the transverse displacement replaceable bearing element (51).
3. The cargo transshipment system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that between the transshipment track (6) and the rail track (1) a discharge path (5) is provided, which is also transversely crossed by the bearing rail elements (8, 9).
4. The cargo transshipment system according to claim 3, characterized in that the transshipment path (6) has a level that exceeds the level of the unloading path (5) preferably by 0-30 cm, and the bearing rail elements (8, 9) also pass through the unloading path (5) and are located there, protruding above its surface.
5. The system of transshipment of goods according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the ends facing the rails (13) of the supporting rail elements (8, 9) are located in front of the rail (1) with an interval (16) of preferably 30-80 cm in length, moreover, it is preferable immediately in front of the rail (1b) of the rail track (1) coaxially with the supporting rail elements (8, 9) and the corresponding bearing rail element (15), a transition rail element (14) is placed, wherein a gap (16) is provided respectively between the transition rail element (14) and the supporting rail element (8, 9).
6. The transshipment system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that at least one, preferably two, respectively, is located in the region of the rail track (1), in particular from the outside, next to the rails (1a, 1b) connected to the railway track and spaced apart from each other long-stroke devices (17), which provide a stroke, preferably 10-40 cm, and long-stroke devices (17) are preferably parallel to the rails next to the transition rail elements (14), which are located immediately before R rail (1b) of the rail track coaxially with the bearing rail elements (8, 9) and the corresponding bearing rail element (15).
7. The transshipment system according to claim 6, characterized in that the said at least two long-stroke devices (17) are connected via lead screws (19) to drive means (18), preferably located between them, the lead screws ( 19) are preferably housed in transition rail elements (14).
8. The transshipment system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that next to the supporting rail elements (8, 9) there are unloading elements protruding beyond the supporting surface element (10) of the shuttle (11), for example, unloading blocks (20).
9. The transshipment system according to claim 3, characterized in that the transfer path (6) is located stepwise higher relative to the discharge path (5), in particular 10-30 cm, and the height difference corresponds, for example, to the height of the rail element plus height shuttle, and preferably the transfer path (6) from the discharge path has a protruding upward bounding edge (12), which is expediently absent in the region of the bearing rail elements (8, 9).
10. The system of transshipment of goods according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the shuttle has on top a supporting surface element (10), the level of which is above the level of the rails (1a, 1b) and preferably corresponds to the level of the plane of the upper surface of the transfer path (6), moreover, the surface element (10) is preferably part of the supporting beam element (11C), which is located on the shuttle with the possibility of vertical movement, for example, by 3-5 cm
11. The system of transshipment of goods according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the shuttle corresponds to the width of the transfer route (6).
12. The transshipment system according to claim 3, characterized in that the transshipment path (6) and the unloading path (5) have the same or almost the same width.
13. The system of transshipment of goods according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the shuttle (11) has several consecutively resting, for example, on the axis of the roller elements (11a), which move along the guide tracks (8a, 8b or, respectively , 9a, 9b) of the bearing rail elements (8 or 9), as well as, if necessary, a transition bearing rail element (14), which is located directly in front of the rail (1b) of the rail track (1) coaxially with the bearing rail elements (8, 9) and the corresponding supporting rail element (15), and the supporting rail e element (15), and it is expedient, for example, for example, the motor drive means (63) is located on or in the shuttle (11) and the drive means (63) drives at least one roller element (11a), and, if necessary, is adapted for controlled by the control device of the synchronous movement of several shuttles (11), or that the shuttle drives (11) are inertially rigidly mounted, or that several shuttles are driven from one common drive mechanism.
14. The transshipment system according to claim 5, characterized in that the length of the shuttle (11) and / or the supporting beam element (11c), which is provided on the shuttle (11) and is located with the possibility of vertical movement on the shuttle (11), is selected as that the shuttle (11), when it is positioned between or above the rails (1a, 1b), it is located above the gap (16) and rests on the supporting rail element (8 or 9).
15. The transshipment system according to claim 13, characterized in that the roller elements (11a) are distributed in the longitudinal direction of the shuttle (11) in such a way that at least one roller element (11a) is respectively supported by a rail element ( 8 or 9) and on the transitional bearing rail element (14), which is respectively located directly in front of one rail (1a, 1b) of the rail track (1) coaxially with the bearing rail elements (8, 9) and the corresponding bearing rail element (15), or, if necessary, to transition a supporting rail element (14) and a bearing rail element (15), or, preferably, if necessary, a bearing rail element (8, 9), a transitional bearing rail element (14) and a bearing roller element (15).
16. The transshipment system according to claim 13, characterized in that the shuttle (11) has a longitudinally extended chassis (61) that carries roller elements (11a), and also preferably drive means (63), and the shuttle (11) is preferably equipped a supporting beam element (11c), which is vertically movable on the shuttle, wherein the supporting beam element (11c) is connected to the chassis (61) by means of at least one located on the chassis (61) connected to the drive means, driven, upright short-stroke th device (62), wherein the short-stroke devices (62) are preferably driven by drive means (63) and, for example, can perform a course of 3-5 cm.
17. The system of transshipment of goods according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the shuttle or shuttles (11) have a drive fixed to the railway track and / or platform.
18. A wagon made, in particular, for use in a cargo transshipment system according to one of claims 1 to 17, having a) two preferably biaxial swivel bogies (30) with a frame supported by (31) parallel to the axles and between them , a horizontal support frame (32), in which a receiving element (33) is provided in the center, b) a head element (34) of the carriage connected to a corresponding rotary trolley (30), which preferably enters into the receiving element (33) of the rotary carriage ( 30), c) two movable, preferably under removable, in particular, hinged side walls (39) connected to pivoting trolleys (30) and / or head elements (34), which are made with the possibility of fixation and which are made and installed so that they receive and transmit the main forces between the head elements ( 34) and / or rotary trolleys (30), as well as the forces emanating from the load, and thus provide the possibility of a driving mode.
19. A wagon according to claim 18, characterized in that its side walls (39) are tilted or biased so that lateral unloading of replaceable load-bearing elements (51) is possible without or with a slight rise.
20. A wagon according to claim 18 or 19, characterized in that each head element (34) on top and on the longitudinal sides has a longitudinal beam (36), respectively, on which at least one, preferably two, consecutive and at a distance from each other in the longitudinal direction protruding upward locking pins (37), interacting with the hinged wall (39).
21. A wagon according to claim 18 or 19, characterized in that in the center of the at least one head element (34) a pin receiving device (60) is located in the center.
22. A wagon according to claim 20, characterized in that the locking pins (37) are placed on a raised longitudinally ledge (36a) of the longitudinal beam (36) located on the inside, in front of which there is a more deep-set horizontal supporting surface (36b) moreover, preferably in the region located on the inner end side of the locking pin (37) is preferably placed at least one positioning rib (38), extending from the support ledge (36A) and extending transversely above the supporting surface (36b).
23. A wagon according to claim 18 or 19, characterized in that the hinged side wall (39) of the wagon has a thickness of 5 to 40 cm and has a load-sensing wall (40), the height of which is 25-80 cm, preferably on the load-bearing a wall (40) at both ends with an upward displacement due to the corresponding predominantly extending upwardly inclined or correspondingly curved upward connecting wall (41), a support wall (42) extending parallel to the load-bearing wall (40) is provided.
24. A wagon according to claim 23, characterized in that each head element (34) on top and on the longitudinal sides has a longitudinal beam (36), respectively, on which said at least one, preferably two, consecutive and at a distance from each other in the longitudinal direction, upwardly projecting locking pins (37) interacting with a hinged wall (39), preferably at least one positioning rib is located in a region located on the inner end side of the locking pins (37) ( 38), the outcome extending from the supporting ledge (36a) and extending transversely above the supporting surface (36b), the fixing pins (37) being placed on the raised longitudinal ledge (36a) of the longitudinal beam (36) located on the inside, in front of which there is a deeper set horizontal supporting surface (36b), and the lower edge (42a) of the supporting wall (42) rests on the supporting surface (36b) of the corresponding longitudinal beam (36) of the head element (34), and located on the inside of the car on the supporting wall (42) interaction with fixing pins (37) for fixing, locking and clamping the hinged walls (39), fixing eyes or lock loops (42b), which cover the fixing pins (37) of the head element (34), the positioning rib (38) of the longitudinal beam ( 36) enters the corresponding positioning groove (42c) of the support wall (42) located on the inside of the carriage, the locking elements of the locking trunnions and the locking eyes (42b) preferably have detachable locking and clamping devices, by means of which Tightly fixed and clamped on the head elements (34), the folding walls (39) are made with the possibility of detachable installation.
25. A car according to claim 18 or 19, characterized in that the hinged walls (39) are connected to the head elements (34) with the possibility of opening outward and re-closing in a rotary manner, preferably on the inside of the car on each head element (34) and on each side of the transverse middle of the car (2), pivoting drive means for the hinged walls (39) are respectively provided.
26. A wagon according to claim 25, characterized in that the hinged side wall (39) of the wagon has a thickness of 5 to 40 cm and has a load-sensing wall (40), the height of which is 25-80 cm, and preferably on the load-sensing wall ( 40) from both ends with an upward displacement due to the corresponding predominantly inclined upwardly curved or respectively curved upward connecting wall (41), a support wall (42) extending parallel to the load-bearing wall (40) is provided, and the drive rotary means are arranged at one end on the support wall (42) of the hinged wall (39) and near the connecting wall (41), the arm (43) of the lever, which extends at right angles from the hinged wall (39) into the car, and the other end is mounted by means of a rotary bearing in the rocker block (44), which moves in a vertical rocker rail (45) provided in the downwardly facing region of the end side on the head element (34), and preferably, the rocker block (44) is actuated through the connecting element by a drive mechanism connected to the rail ozhnym web or with the car and configured to move the rocker block (44) up and down.
27. A wagon according to claim 26, characterized in that the end of the connecting rod (46) is pivotally attached to the shoulder (43) of the lever in the middle region of its length, which is pivotally connected to the rocker block (47) with its other end, and the rocker block (47) is guided slightly above the rocker rail (45) in the horizontal rocker track (48), preferably the rocker block (47) is connected to the drive means fixed to the railway track or to the carriage, and the rocker block (47) is preferably connected to the drive means by means of a connecting element nta.
28. A wagon according to claim 27, characterized in that the rotary drive for the hinged wall (39) is driven from the motor, and in the middle in the transverse direction on the end face of each head element (34) facing the inside of the wagon there is a motor (49), which lead screws (50) leads in a known manner located on both sides of the rocker blocks (47).
29. A car according to claim 18 or 19, characterized in that the replaceable floor element (51), which is freely placed between both head elements (34) and both hinged walls (39) and is supported or supported by the hinged walls (39), respectively the replaceable floor element (51) preferably has a flat floor (52), it is advisable with the bounding walls (53) extending upwardly on the sides extending laterally and also lying more adjacent to the bounding walls (53) more deeply (54), preferably in the region The free longitudinal ends of the replaced floor element (51), respectively, on both sides are provided with at least two hanging struts (55) that extend upward on the bounding walls (53), and which respectively have suspended outward protrusions (56) bent outwardly, moreover, between the protrusions (56) of one side of the replaceable floor element (51), a connecting brace (57) is preferably provided.
30. A wagon according to claim 29, characterized in that the hinged wall (39) of the wagon has a thickness of 5 to 40 cm and a load-absorbing wall (40), the height of which is 25-80 cm, and the protrusions (56) are seated on the upper edge (40a) of the load-bearing wall (40), wherein the positioning pins (58) located on the upper edge (40a) enter preferably elongated holes (59) of the protrusions (56).
RU2008140951/11A 2006-03-16 2007-03-09 Transloading system and railroad car to be used therewith RU2393967C9 (en)

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AT (1) AT448124T (en)
DE (2) DE102006012208B4 (en)
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AT448124T (en) 2009-11-15
WO2007104721A1 (en) 2007-09-20
DE102006012208A1 (en) 2007-09-20
DE102006012208B4 (en) 2015-02-19
EP1993894B1 (en) 2009-11-11
EP1993894A1 (en) 2008-11-26
DE502007001970D1 (en) 2009-12-24
RU2008140951A (en) 2010-04-27
RU2393967C2 (en) 2010-07-10

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