KR100731669B1 - Horticulture installation - Google Patents

Horticulture installation Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100731669B1
KR100731669B1 KR1020060013428A KR20060013428A KR100731669B1 KR 100731669 B1 KR100731669 B1 KR 100731669B1 KR 1020060013428 A KR1020060013428 A KR 1020060013428A KR 20060013428 A KR20060013428 A KR 20060013428A KR 100731669 B1 KR100731669 B1 KR 100731669B1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
work
cultivation
management
facility
passage
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KR1020060013428A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20060093034A (en
Inventor
히로카즈 무타
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이세키노우키가부시키가이샤
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Priority to JP2005042460A priority Critical patent/JP4692010B2/en
Priority to JPJP-P-2005-00042460 priority
Application filed by 이세키노우키가부시키가이샤 filed Critical 이세키노우키가부시키가이샤
Publication of KR20060093034A publication Critical patent/KR20060093034A/en
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Publication of KR100731669B1 publication Critical patent/KR100731669B1/en

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    • Y02A40/252
    • Y02A40/264

Abstract

The present invention relates to a cultivation facility.
In the conventional cultivation facility, a plurality of workers carry out work in a mobile vehicle, and the work is not a form of precisely managing labor. Therefore, the cultivation efficiency was not very good. In addition, since the growth of seedlings of each cultivation tank is not automatically judged and managed, the cultivation environment of a wide cultivation facility cannot be properly determined. In other words, there was no means of judging suitable breeding environment. The present invention is a means for solving the problem, by installing a plurality of cultivation tank (5) with the working passage (4a) between, the work mobile car 35 for the cultivation management work in the cultivation passage (4a) In the cultivation facility having, the work mobile vehicle 35 is provided with a metering device 44 for weighing the weight of the processed material in the cultivation management work, and a transmitter 46 for transmitting the weighed weight, The work passage 4a has a structure in which cultivation information input / output devices 47 which receive transmissions from the work mobile vehicle 35 and transmit data to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU) are provided.
Cultivation Facility, Work Vehicle, Work Path, Cultivation Management, Labor Management

Description

Cultivation facility {HORTICULTURE INSTALLATION}

1 is a side cross-sectional view for explaining the interior of a cultivation facility.

Figure 2 is a plan sectional view for explaining the interior of the cultivation facility (Example 1).

3 is a sectional view showing a cultivation bed. (Example 1)

Fig. 4 is a diagram clearly showing a method of cultivation using a attracting string. (Example 1)

5 is a view showing a nutrient solution supply path. (Example 1)

6 is a front view of the work mobile vehicle. (Example 1)

7 is a side view of the work vehicle (Example 1).

<Description of the code | symbol about the principal part of drawing>

1: greenhouse

4a: work path

5: cultivation tank (栽培 條, cultivation bed (Bed))

35: work mobile

44: weighing device

46: transmitting device

47: information input and output device for each culture tank

CPU: Plant Management Computer

The present invention relates to a cultivation facility.

Conventionally, in a cultivation facility, a worker carries out various work by carrying a work mobile vehicle on the cultivation path.

[Patent Document 1] Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2004-57150

In the conventional cultivation facility, a plurality of workers perform work by carrying a work mobile car, respectively, and this is not a form of work for accurately carrying out labor management of workers. Therefore, the cultivation efficiency was not very good.

In addition, since the growth situation of seedlings of each cultivation tank is not automatically judged and cultivated and managed, the cultivation environment of a wide cultivation facility was not able to be judged appropriately. In other words, there was no means of judging suitable breeding environment.

According to the invention described in claim 1, a plurality of cultivation tanks 5 are provided with working paths 4a interposed therebetween, and the cultivation having a work moving vehicle 35 for cultivation management work in the work paths 4a. In the facility, the work transfer vehicle 35 is provided with a weighing device 44 for weighing the weight of the processed material in the cultivation management work, a transmitter 46 for transmitting the weighed weight, and a work shift. The cultivation facility provided with each cultivation information input / output device 47 which receives the transmission from the car 35 and transmits data to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU).

Therefore, the time when the work vehicle 35 enters and exits the work passage 4a or the time until the work vehicle 35 enters and exits the work passage 4a and rides on the work movement vehicle 35 The weighing device 44 measures the weight of the work processing result of the worker carrying out the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, sprout picking work, etc.) in the work passage 4a. The weight is transmitted by the transmitter 46 to each culture medium information input / output device 47. Each cultivation tank information input / output device 47 transmits the time and weight to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU).

In this way, the working time of the worker in the work passage 4a can be measured, so that it can be used for the labor management of the worker, and the work schedule and the working timetable with good efficiency at the cultivation facility can be planned, Good cultivation management can be performed. In addition, when a plurality of workers are working in each of the work mobile car 35, it is possible to immediately find out which work mobile car 35 (worker) is located in a large cultivation facility, so that labor management can be easily performed. Can be.

Since the weights of the processed materials in the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, sprout picking work) of each cultivation tank of each work passage 4a can be known, Afterwards, the environmental management of the cultivation facility can be modified to allow proper cultivation.

The invention as set forth in claim 2 has a work transfer vehicle 35 for arranging a plurality of cultivation tanks 5 with working paths 4a interposed therebetween, and carrying out a cultivation management work in the work paths 4a. In the cultivation facility, the work transfer vehicle 35 includes a determination device for determining which work path 4a is present, a weighing device 44 for weighing the weight of the processed material in the cultivation management operation, and the determined cultivation path. This is a cultivation facility provided with a transmitting device 46 for transmitting the data and the measured weight of the data to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU).

Therefore, when the work moving car 35 enters the work path 4a, it is determined by the determining apparatus which working path 4a in which the work moving car 35 enters is the working path of the cultivation facility, and the transmission device 46 The data is transmitted to the plant management computer (CPU). In addition, the worker carrying the work mobile car 35 processes the results of the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, shoot removal work, etc.) in the work passage 4a. The weight of the water is measured by the weighing device 44, and the weight is transmitted by the transmitting device 46 to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU). Further, the time when the work mobile car 35 enters and exits the work path 4a or the time until the work mobile car 35 enters and exits the work path 4a is cultivated by the transmitting device 46. It is sent to the management computer (CPU).

In this way, the working time of the worker in the work passage 4a can be measured, so that it can be used for the labor management of the worker, and the work schedule and the working timetable with good efficiency at the cultivation facility can be planned, Good cultivation management can be performed. In addition, when a plurality of workers are working in each of the work mobile cars 35, it is possible to immediately know which work mobile cars 35 (workers) are located in a large cultivation facility, so that labor management can be easily performed. Can be.

In addition, since the weights of the processed materials in the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, shoot removal work) of each cultivation tank of each work passage 4a can be known, Afterwards, the environmental management of the cultivation facility can be modified to allow proper cultivation.

Embodiment of this invention is described based on drawing.

Example 1

1 and 2 show a greenhouse 1, which comprises a rectangular glass side wall 2 and a ceiling 3 made of transparent glass. One end of the greenhouse is provided with a main passage 4 through which a worker, a work cart, or a control device can pass, and the main passage 4 is a road surface. This is a concrete passage composed of concrete. The side of the main passage 4 constitutes a cultivation zone in which cultivation beds (Bed) 5 are arranged as a multi-row cultivation tank. Moreover, the entrance 6 of the greenhouse 1 is comprised in the center part of the main passage 4.

The vessel 10 is suspended from the ground by a plurality of hanging holes 9... From a plurality of beams 7. Each container 10... Has a growing bed 5 made of rock wool. And in each cultivation bed 5 ..., the cubes 12 which transplanted the seedlings are arrange | positioned by the cultivation bed 5 side by side in 2 rows.

The stem K of the seedlings (eg, tomato seedlings) that elongate from the cube 12 grows in the state attracted upward by the attracting string 13 suspended from the top.

In the lower left and right width direction center of the lower side of the cultivation bed 5 in the lower part of the container 10, the supply liquid pipe 19 for supplying nutrient solution to the cultivation bed 5 is installed along the cultivation bed 5, have. At a position above the cultivation bed 5 above the feed liquid pipe 19, a discharge liquid gutter 20 for receiving and recovering the discharge liquid (excess nutrient solution) from the cultivation bed 5 is supplied to the feed liquid pipe 19. I'm installing along. On the other hand, the container 10, the cultivation bed 5, and the discharge liquid gutter 20 are slightly inclined in the longitudinal direction, and the discharge liquid received by the discharge liquid gutter 20 is transferred to one end of the gutter 20. It is supposed to be recovered. Each drip hose 21 for supplying nutrient solution from the feed pipe 19 to each cube 12 is provided to supply nutrient solution to seedlings implanted in the cube 12 to cultivate crops. .

Therefore, since the feed liquid pipe 19 is disposed below the cultivation bed 5 and the discharge liquid gutter 20, the feed liquid pipe 19 is shaded by the cultivation bed 5 or the discharge liquid gutter 20, so that the feed liquid pipe 19 Since sunlight is not irradiated, the nutrient solution supplied to the cultivation bed 5 can be prevented from becoming high temperature. In particular, it is possible to prevent the nutrient solution from becoming an abnormal high temperature in summer, and to prevent the cultivation bed 5 serving as the cultivation floor from becoming an abnormal high temperature and adversely affect cultivation. In addition, since the feed liquid pipe 19 is not disposed on the side of the cultivation bed 5, the cultivation area in the greenhouse 1 can be reduced, and the feed liquid pipe 19 is cultivated by an operator or a work vehicle. It does not interfere with work from the side of (5) or growth of cultivated crops. Conventionally, since the supply liquid pipe was installed in the upper side of the conventionally grown planting bed and the upper portion of the upper side of the container in which the planting bed is placed, the temperature of the feed liquid pipe easily rises by irradiation of sunlight, The nutrient solution supplied to a cultivation bed might become high temperature. On the other hand, when the feed liquid pipe is provided on the upper side of the cultivation bed, the feed liquid pipe may interfere with the work from the side of the cultivation bed or interfere with the growing crops, thereby inhibiting its growth.

As shown in FIG. 5, the nutrient solution is supplied from the A tank 22 and the B tank 23 and the acid tank 24 to the feed liquid pipe 19 through a pump unit 25. This configuration is supplied. On the other hand, the nutrient solution with different fertilizer components is stored in the A tank 22 and the B tank 23, and the mixing ratio of the nutrient solution with different fertilizer components from the A tank 22 and the B tank 23 is pump unit 25. In this way, the nutrient solution of the desired fertilizer component is obtained. In the case where the nutrient solution is separated from the pump unit 25 to the feed pipe 19 of each cultivation bed 5, and there is a container 10 or a cultivation bed 5 which does not grow crops, The feed liquid stop valve 26 which can stop the feed liquid to each feed liquid pipe 19 is provided, respectively, and it can prevent that nutrient solution is unnecessarily supplied by the feed liquid stop valve 26. FIG. With these structures, the nutrient solution supply device is configured.

In addition, the discharged liquid recovered to each discharge liquid gutter 20 is joined and stored in the discharge liquid recovery tank 27, and from the discharge liquid recovery tank 27 through the pre-sterilization tank 28. It is supplied to the sterilizer 29 and sterilizes the discharge liquid by the sterilizer 29. The disinfectant sterilized by the sterilizer 29 is transferred to the secondary raw water tank 30, mixed with raw water to adjust the fertilizer concentration, and supplied to the pump unit 25 to be reused as a nutrient solution. It is. On the other hand, it is set as the structure which supplies raw water to the said secondary raw water tank 30 from the primary raw water tank 31 which stores raw water.

As a result, the fertilizer concentration can be adjusted while mixing the discharged water sterilized with the secondary raw water tank 30 and the raw water, so that the fertilizer concentration can be accurately adjusted to the desired fertilizer concentration, and the seedlings and crops to be grown are red due to the fertilizer concentration disorder. The burnout can prevent the occurrence of redness and the like.

In the pump unit 25, two pumps 32 for supplying a nutrient solution from the secondary raw water tank 30 to the culture bed 5 are provided in parallel. Typically, the nutrient solution is supplied by using one of the two pumps 32. When the pump 32 in use has failed, the pump 32 is stopped and the valve 33 of the inlet and outlet ports is closed, and the valve 33 of the inlet and outlet ports of the other pump 32 is closed. The pump 32 of the other side can be opened to open the nutrient solution supply. As a result, satisfactory cultivation can be maintained without causing the plants (crops) to be cultivated due to the failure of the pump 32 to wither. Since the valve 33 of the suction port and the discharge port of the failed pump 32 is closed, the failed pump 32 can be repaired or replaced with a normal pump while supplying nutrient solution by the other pump 32. Since the nutrient solution is conventionally supplied by a single pump, when the pump fails, the nutrient solution cannot be supplied, which may adversely affect the cultivation of plants (crops).

Between each container 10... On which the cultivation bed 5 is placed, a working passage 4a communicating with the main passage 4 is provided. In addition, two hot water pipes 34 and 34 are provided in parallel in the working passages 4a at left and right intervals, respectively. The hot water pipe 34 · 34 is configured to allow a hot water from a hot water boiler to flow therein, and to raise the room temperature when the temperature is controlled by a control device described later and cold. Moreover, these hot water pipes 34 and 34 are comprised from the round steel pipe, and are comprised so that it may also fulfill the function as a rail. That is, the rail driving wheels 36a and 36a and the left and right rear wheels 37 and 37 of the left and right front wheels 36 and 36 of the work mobile vehicle 35 as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7. In the state where the rail transmission wheels 37a and 37a are mounted on the hot water pipes 34 and 34, the work mobile car 35 can move each work path 4a.

Here, the configuration of the work mobile vehicle 35 will be described in detail.

The work mobile vehicle 35 supports the left and right front wheels 36 and 36 and the left and right rear wheels 37 and 37 at the lower portion of the traveling vehicle 38, and operates the electric motor 40 operated by the power of the battery 39. ), The left and right rear wheels 37 and 37 are driven to rotate back and forth. On the other hand, the work bench 43 is mounted above the traveling chassis 38 via a lifting mechanism made of a pantograph 42 which is stretched and operated by the electric cylinder 41. And, by operating the operating panel (Pannel), the operator can operate the electric motor 40 to advance, reverse or stop the work mobile car 35, and also by operating the electric cylinder 41 The worktable 43 is configured to adjust the free working height.

44 is a weighing device, which is disposed on a container mounted thereon at the time of harvesting (harvesting, harvesting, leaf picking or leaf removal, rotten fruit, In the process of picking sprouts, it is possible to measure by putting sprouts).

Reference numeral 46 denotes a transmitting device, wherein the work mobile vehicle 35 is the main vehicle in each of the culture tank information input / output devices 47 ... installed at the inlet part of the work path 4a. When entering the working passage 4a from the passage 4, the unique number of the work mobile vehicle 35 is automatically transmitted, and each culture tank information input / output device 47 records the unique number and the time entered into the working passage 4a. Automatically send to the plant management computer (CPU). Then, the worker rides the work mobile car 35 and carries out the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, shoot removal work) in the work passage 4a, and processes the work on the container. When the water is added and comes out from the work passage 4a, the weighing device 44 measures the weight of the work processing material put in the container, so that the weight and the unique number of the work mobile vehicle 35 Automatically transmitting to the device 47, each cultivation information input and output device 47 automatically transmits the weight, the serial number and the time from the work path (4a) to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU).

Thus, for example, when the worker A performs the leaf removal work in one work passage 4a, the worker A enters the work passage 4a from the main passage 4 by riding the work mobile vehicle 35. Since the time and the time when the work is finished can be known, the time worked in the work passage 4a can be calculated and stored as data in the plant management computer (CPU). In addition, the weight of the leaves removed in the work passage 4a is also stored as data in the plant management computer (CPU).

In this way, the working time of each worker's work path 4a can be measured, so that it can be used for labor management of the worker, and the work schedule and working timetable with good efficiency at the cultivation facility can be planned. Cultivation management can be performed efficiently. In addition, when a plurality of workers are working on each of the work mobiles 35, they can immediately know which work mobiles (workers) are located in a large cultivation facility, so that labor management can be easily performed. .

In addition, since the weights of the processed materials in the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, shoot removal work) of each cultivation tank of each work passage 4a ... The data can then be used to modify the environmental management of subsequent planting facilities to ensure proper planting. That is, the cultivation management of a large area of cultivation facilities can be performed with high precision and appropriately.

Here, the method of modifying the environmental management of the subsequent cultivation facility with the data of the weight of the processed material will be described.

In the case of harvesting work in the work passage 4a, the harvest weight and the harvest weight of the entire planting facility are known for each work passage 4a (re-cultivation), so that the cultivation bed of the work passage 4a having a low harvest weight (5) Automatically controlled by the cultivation facility management computer (CPU) to supply the nutrient solution containing the fertilizer ingredients to further grow fruit, and when the harvest weight of the entire cultivation facility is small, the room temperature, humidity, ventilation, Correct and control nutrient solution and mining management to be more appropriate.

In the case of the leaf removal work (for example, in the case of tomato, three leaves are good in a branch, and the leaves are removed more than one in the case of a tomato) or the sprouting work in the work path 4a, The weight of the leaves or shoots removed for each of the working passages 4a (re-cultivation) is determined. When the weight of a leaf or a shoot is large, it is because it is not an environment in which fruit grows, but an environment in which leaves and stems grow, so the environment of the work path 4a is made as follows.

1. Raise the temperature.

2. Increase the temperature difference between day and night at about 5 degrees.

3. Increase the nutrient solution temperature.

4. Lower the humidity.

5. Raise the EC value of the nutrient solution.

6. Reduce the number of watering and keep the cultivation bed (5) dry.

This results in an environment in which fruits grow in an environment in which leaves or stems grow, thereby increasing the harvest.

In the case where the rotten fruit removal work (removing the rotten fruit without growing) is performed in the work passage 4a, the weight of the decayed fruit removed for each work passage 4a (cultivation) is determined. When the weight of rotten fruit is large, the environment of the work passage 4a is as follows.

1. Close the light shielding curtain 50 installed in the ceiling (3) to extend the light shielding time.

2. Decrease EC value of nutrient solution.

3. Increase water recovery of nutrient solution. Alternatively, increase the amount of one-time nutrient solution.

4. Spray calcium on the leaves. Alternatively, the calcium concentration in the nutrient solution is raised.

5. Increase the humidity.

This reduces the occurrence of rotten fruit and increases the yield.

On the other hand, in the ceiling (3) part of the greenhouse (1), the shading curtain (50) is wound around the winding shaft arranged on one end side thereof, and the shading curtain (50) is opened by the driving of the electric motor. The thermal insulation curtain 51 wound up and opened is provided.

On the other hand, in this nutrient solution supply control, the supply liquid time slot is set in one day so that nutrient solution may not be supplied at night, and nutrient solution is supplied only in this supply liquid supply time. When the supply liquid time has passed, the acid stored in the acid tank 24 is supplied for a predetermined time (5 seconds), and the inside of the drip hose 21 is cleaned. Conventionally, since the nutrient solution is stored in the drip hose 21 at night, the liquid fertilizer tends to harden in the drip hose 21, causing clogging to the drip hose 21, and thus the nutrient solution for the next day cannot be smoothly supplied. However, this problem can be solved by flowing an acid into the drip hose 21 to clean it. In addition, the said acid is a thing which does not inhibit the growth of a plant, such as acetic acid with a weight concentration of about 1%. In addition, the acid may be flowed into the drip hose 21 to clean the raw water, and then the acid may not be left in the cultivation bed 5 so as to prevent the growth of the plant by the acid.

Example 2

In the first embodiment, an example in which each culture tank information input / output device 47 is installed in each work passage 4a is removed. A judging device for judging whether there is a work path 4a is provided (for example, an individual bar code is placed in each work path 4a ...), the bar code is determined by the judging device, and the work moving vehicle ( And when the work movement vehicle 35 exits the work passage, the time at which the barcode is detected is determined, and the transmission of the work movement vehicle 35 is performed. The apparatus 46 may be configured to directly transmit the determined cultivation path data, the measured weight and the working time to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU).

Therefore, when the work vehicle 35 enters the work passage 4a, the work vehicle 35 determines by the determination apparatus which work passage of the cultivation facility is in the work passage 4a, and the transmission device 46 The data is transmitted to the plant management computer (CPU). In addition, the worker who rides the work mobile car 35 processes the result of the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, shoot removal work, etc.) in the work passage 4a. The weight of the water is measured by the metering device 44, and the weight is transmitted by the transmitter 46 to the plant management computer (CPU). Further, the time when the work mobile car 35 enters and exits the work path 4a or the time until the work mobile car 35 enters and exits the work path 4a is cultivated by the transmitting device 46. It is sent to the management computer (CPU).

In this way, the working time of the worker in the work passage 4a can be measured, so that it can be used for the labor management of the worker, and the work schedule and working timetable with good efficiency at the cultivation facility can be planned, Good cultivation management can be performed. In addition, when a plurality of workers are working on each of the work cars 35, they can immediately know which work cars 35 (workers) are located in a large cultivation facility to easily carry out labor management. Can be.

Since the weight of the processed material in the cultivation management work (harvesting work, leaf picking work, leaf removal work, rotting fruit removal work, shoot removal work) of each cultivation tank of each work passage 4a can be known, Proper cultivation can be done by modifying the environmental management of subsequent cultivation facilities.

Therefore, according to this cultivation facility, labor management can be appropriately performed and work efficiency is good. In addition, the cultivation management of a large area cultivation facility can be performed with high precision and appropriately, and the appropriate cultivation can be performed, and the yield is increased.

Claims (2)

  1. In the cultivation facility having a work transfer vehicle 35 for arranging a plurality of cultivation tanks 5 with working paths 4a interposed therebetween, and carrying out cultivation management work in the working paths 4a
    The work mobile vehicle 35 includes a metering device 44 for weighing a processed product in a cultivation management operation;
    Each cultivation information input / output device 47 for installing the transmitter 46 for transmitting the weighed weight and receiving the transmission from the work mobile vehicle 35 and transmitting the data to the cultivation facility management computer (CPU). Cultivation facility characterized in that the installation.
  2. In a cultivation facility having a work transfer vehicle 35 for arranging a cultivation management work in the work passage 4a by providing a plurality of cultivation tanks 5 with the work passage 4a interposed therebetween,
    The work vehicle 35 includes a judging device for judging which work path 4a there is;
    Weighing device 44 for weighing the weight of the processed material in the cultivation management work,
    And a transmission device (46) for transmitting the determined cultivation path data and the measured weight to a cultivation facility management computer (CPU).
KR1020060013428A 2005-02-18 2006-02-13 Horticulture installation KR100731669B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005042460A JP4692010B2 (en) 2005-02-18 2005-02-18 Cultivation facility
JPJP-P-2005-00042460 2005-02-18

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KR20060093034A KR20060093034A (en) 2006-08-23
KR100731669B1 true KR100731669B1 (en) 2007-06-22

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JP (1) JP4692010B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100731669B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100407889C (en)

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JP4692010B2 (en) 2011-06-01
CN100407889C (en) 2008-08-06
JP2006223216A (en) 2006-08-31
KR20060093034A (en) 2006-08-23
CN1820563A (en) 2006-08-23

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