JP2005160390A - Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same - Google Patents

Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2005160390A
JP2005160390A JP2003403956A JP2003403956A JP2005160390A JP 2005160390 A JP2005160390 A JP 2005160390A JP 2003403956 A JP2003403956 A JP 2003403956A JP 2003403956 A JP2003403956 A JP 2003403956A JP 2005160390 A JP2005160390 A JP 2005160390A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
bonsai
herbaceous
leaves
seedlings
compost
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2003403956A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kiharu Yonebayashi
甲陽 米林
Munehiro Ebato
宗大 江波戸
Akifumi Murase
章文 邑瀬
Teruo Yasui
輝雄 安井
Original Assignee
Green Recycle Kk
グリーンリサイクル株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Green Recycle Kk, グリーンリサイクル株式会社 filed Critical Green Recycle Kk
Priority to JP2003403956A priority Critical patent/JP2005160390A/en
Publication of JP2005160390A publication Critical patent/JP2005160390A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To enable a Bonsai of a herb such as a vegetable which is not used as the Bonsai to be easily formed into the Bonsai by using a pulverized and composted branches and leaves of a green tree as a main material. <P>SOLUTION: The branches and leaves of green trees such as roadside trees are pruned (1) and pulverized (2) by a tab grinder or the like. The pulverized product is accumulated (3) and turned for one or several times to ferment/mature (4) the resultant pulverized product while keeping the temperature at 60-70°C. The product is sieved (5) to provide the material for forming the vegetable or the like into the Bonsai as a sieve-passed material. The Bonsai-forming material is inserted into a pot without being mixed with soil to form the vegetable or the like into the Bonsai while suppressing the growth of the stem, the branch and the like of the vegetable or the like. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

本発明は、緑樹から切断した枝葉を原料とした野菜等の草本類の盆栽化材およびこれを用いた盆栽化方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a bonsai material for herbs such as vegetables made from branches and leaves cut from green trees, and a bonsai method using the same.
近年、ガーデニングが盛んに行われるようになっているが、これに伴って家庭で野菜の栽培が行われることも増えてきている。通常、野菜をプランター等の栽培容器に入れて栽培する場合、黒土等の基本用土に腐葉土等の改良用土を適当な割合で混合して培養土をつくり、適切な施肥を行うのが一般的である。   In recent years, gardening has been actively carried out, and accompanying this, the cultivation of vegetables at home is also increasing. Usually, when cultivating vegetables in cultivation containers such as planters, it is common to mix the soil for improvement such as humus with the basic soil such as black soil at an appropriate ratio to create the culture soil and perform appropriate fertilization. is there.
一方、盆栽は前述した野菜栽培のように、作物の収穫を楽しむのではなく、鉢植えにおける小空間内での植木の洗練された枝ぶり等を鑑賞することに主眼が置かれ、また前記野菜或いは草花のように短期間での栽培を楽しむものではなく、長期間にわたる整姿によって造られた植木の形が創出する人工の自然美を楽しむものである。従って、盆栽と前記野菜栽培等とは、植物の栽培目的が相違すると言える。   On the other hand, bonsai does not enjoy the harvest of crops as in the vegetable cultivation described above, but focuses on appreciating the sophisticated branching of plants in a small space in potted plants. They do not enjoy short-term cultivation like plants and flowers, but enjoy the artificial natural beauty created by the shape of planted trees created by long-term shaping. Therefore, it can be said that the cultivation purpose of a plant is different between bonsai and vegetable cultivation.
そして、盆栽を造る場合、用土、植え方、灌水のし方、施肥、整姿、置場、病虫外の防除に注意することが要点となるが、特に重要な用土としては、赤土粒に軟砂を適当な割合で混合させたものが知られている。   When making bonsai, it is important to pay attention to soil, planting, irrigation, fertilization, shaping, storage, and pest control, but especially important soil is soft on red soil. A mixture of sand in an appropriate ratio is known.
また、近年、緑樹における剪定枝葉等の持つ栄養成分に着目して、剪定枝葉等を粉砕して該粉砕物から堆肥を製造し、該堆肥を土壌改良材として用いるようになってきており、例えば、花卉等の栽培においては、前記堆肥が有機質資材として利用されている。このような有機質資材の場合、通常、C/N比は30〜35の範囲であり、畑に施用する際には、窒素肥料や窒素に富んだ家畜糞堆肥等と併用されている。   In recent years, focusing on the nutritional components of pruned branches and leaves in green trees, compost is produced from the pulverized product by crushing the pruned branches and the like, and the compost has been used as a soil improver, for example, In the cultivation of flowers, etc., the compost is used as an organic material. In the case of such an organic material, the C / N ratio is usually in the range of 30 to 35, and when applied to a field, it is used in combination with nitrogen fertilizer, nitrogen-rich livestock manure compost, or the like.
一方、前記剪定枝葉を原料とする堆肥を育苗用土や花鉢物用土として使用する場合には、前記堆肥を用土の3〜4割程度混入していた。
技術監修 杉井明美「ガーデナーズ・バイブル2」草土出版 平成8年
On the other hand, when compost made from the pruned branches and leaves is used as soil for raising seedlings or soil for flower pots, about 30 to 40% of the compost is mixed.
Technical supervision Akemi Sugi "Gardeners Bible 2" Kusado Publishing 1996
従来、盆栽としては、針葉樹類や広葉樹類が用いられ、また盆栽をつくる人は高齢の男性が多かったが、近年のガーデニングブームや心の癒し志向等に伴って、高齢者以外の人でも草花感覚でミニ盆栽等の新しい盆栽をつくるようになってきている。   Conventionally, conifers and broad-leaved trees have been used as bonsai, and there are many elderly men who make bonsai, but with the recent gardening boom and mind-healing orientation etc. New bonsai, such as mini bonsai, has come to be made with a sense.
しかしながら、前記野菜の家庭栽培では、作物を収穫することが目的であり、また植物としての野菜を盆栽化して長期間栽培するといったことは実際上難しかった。   However, in the domestic cultivation of vegetables, the purpose is to harvest crops, and it has been practically difficult to cultivate vegetables as plants and grow them for a long time.
本発明の目的は、新しい盆栽としての野菜等の盆栽を容易につくることができる草本類の盆栽化材およびこれを用いた草本類の盆栽化方法を提供することにある。   An object of the present invention is to provide a herbaceous bonsai material that can easily produce bonsai such as vegetables as a new bonsai, and a herbaceous bonsai method using the same.
本件の発明者は、剪定枝葉等の緑樹の枝葉を粉砕して堆肥化させたもの(以下「緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物」という)を用いて、野菜種子の播種、育苗を行い、更に前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物をそのまま用いて育苗した野菜苗に適宜、灌水等を行って長期間栽培することにより、野菜苗の葉の小型化、茎部および根部の健全な発達が生じて最終的に野菜を盆栽のように栽培できることを見出し、以下に示す本発明を完成させたものである。   The inventor of the present invention sown and seeded vegetable seeds using a material obtained by pulverizing and composting green tree branches and leaves such as pruned branches and leaves (hereinafter referred to as "green tree and leaf compost compost"), and further By properly irrigating the vegetable seedlings that were cultivated using the composted pulverized material as it is and cultivating them for a long period of time, the size of the leaves of the vegetable seedlings and the healthy development of the stems and roots occurred, resulting in the final It discovered that it could grow like a bonsai, and completed this invention shown below.
なお、本願において、野菜等、草本類の盆栽化とは、野菜等の苗が徒長せずに、ほぼそのままの高さとなったり、葉が通常の定植の場合等と比べて小型化したり、茎部が硬化したり、根部が健全に発達したりし、また草本類の種類によっては、小さな開花や結実等が生
じたりすることにより、盆栽の樹木のような形態となることをいう。
In the present application, the bonsai of herbs such as vegetables, etc. means that the seedlings of vegetables etc. do not grow up and become almost the same height, the leaves are downsized compared to the case of normal planting, etc. It means that it becomes like a bonsai tree when the part hardens, the root develops soundly, and depending on the type of herb, small flowering or fruiting occurs.
請求項1記載の本発明は、緑樹から切断した枝葉を粉砕した後、その粉砕物を堆積して一ないし複数回の切返しを行って、該粉砕物を所定温度に保ちながら発酵・腐熟させることにより得られる緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を主材とする草本類の盆栽化材である。   The present invention according to claim 1, after pulverizing the branches and leaves cut from the green tree, depositing the pulverized product, turning it one or more times, fermenting and ripening while maintaining the pulverized product at a predetermined temperature It is a herbaceous bonsai material mainly composed of composted green tree leaves and leaves obtained by the above method.
緑樹から切断した枝葉とは、草本類の盆栽化のために、特に樹木から切断したものでも良いが、街路樹や公園・庭園等における樹木の剪定によって大量に発生した枝葉を用いれば、資源の有効利用が図られる。   Branches and leaves cut from green trees may be cut from trees, especially for herbaceous bonsai, but if branches and leaves generated in large quantities by pruning trees in street trees, parks, gardens, etc. are used, Effective use is planned.
請求項2記載の本発明は、請求項1記載の盆栽化材について、発酵温度を60〜70℃の範囲としたことを特徴とするものである。   The present invention according to claim 2 is characterized in that the fermentation temperature of the bonsai material according to claim 1 is in the range of 60 to 70 ° C.
請求項3記載の本発明は、請求項1または請求項2記載の盆栽化材について、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物に、無機系土壌改良材および/または有機質資材を加えることを特徴とするものである。   The present invention according to claim 3 is characterized in that the bonsai material according to claim 1 or claim 2 is characterized in that an inorganic soil conditioner and / or organic material is added to the compost of green tree branches and leaves. .
前記無機系土壌改良材としては、例えば、バーミキュライト、パーライト、イソライト等が挙げられる。   Examples of the inorganic soil conditioner include vermiculite, pearlite, and isolite.
また、前記有機質資材としては、例えば、ピートモス、バーク堆肥や牛糞・鶏糞堆肥等の緑樹以外のものを原料とする堆肥、或いはもみ殻等が挙げられる。なお、草本類の成長は、基本的には前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の量に応じて決まるため、草本類をそれ以上の高さに成長させないためには、前記有機質資材として、肥効がほとんどないピートモスやバーク堆肥を用いるのが好ましい。   Examples of the organic material include compost made from materials other than green trees such as peat moss, bark compost, cow dung and chicken manure compost, or rice husk. Since the growth of herbs is basically determined according to the amount of composted green tree leaves and leaves, in order to prevent the herbs from growing higher than that, the organic material has almost no fertilizing effect. It is preferred to use no peat moss or bark compost.
そして、前記ピートモスやバーク堆肥、或いは無機系土壌改良材は、水分保持性や通気性を向上させるものである。   And the said peat moss, bark compost, or an inorganic soil improvement material improves a water | moisture retention and air permeability.
請求項4記載の本発明は、請求項1〜請求項3のうちのいずれか一項記載の盆栽化材を用いた草本類の盆栽化方法であって、前記盆栽化材を土と混合せずに、盆栽化材だけを鉢に入れ、該鉢内に草本類の種子を播種した後、灌水して、発芽、育苗および盆栽化することを特徴とするものである。   The present invention described in claim 4 is a herbaceous bonsai method using the bonsai material according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the bonsai material is mixed with soil. Instead, only a bonsai material is put in a pot, and seeds of herbaceous seeds are sown in the pot, and then irrigated to germinate, grow seedlings and bonsai.
請求項5記載の本発明は、請求項1〜請求項3のうちのいずれか一項記載の盆栽化材を用いた草本類の盆栽化方法であって、前記盆栽化材を土と混合せずに、盆栽化材だけを育苗容器に入れ、該容器に草本類の種子を播種して灌水することにより発芽させて育苗し、次に育苗した草本類の苗を育苗容器内の盆栽化材と共に鉢に移植した後、灌水することにより草本類の苗を盆栽化することを特徴とするものである。   The present invention described in claim 5 is a herbaceous bonsai method using the bonsai material according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the bonsai material is mixed with soil. Instead, put only the bonsai material into a seedling container, seed the herbaceous seeds in the container and irrigate them to germinate and grow seedlings, then cultivate the seedlings of the herbaceous seedlings in the seedling container The plant is transplanted to a pot and then irrigated to bonsai herbaceous seedlings.
前述したように、緑樹の剪定枝葉等を粉砕して堆肥化したものを土と混ぜて育苗や栽培
に用いることは一般に行われているが、本願の発明者は、剪定枝葉等を粉砕して発酵させ
た緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を土と混ぜずに用いることにより、野菜等の苗の徒長が抑制され、
更に該苗を定植せずに、鉢に移植して長期間適当に灌水等の管理を行うことにより、野菜
等の草本類の苗が盆栽化することを見出したのである。
As described above, it is generally used to cultivate pruned branches and leaves of green trees and compost and mix them with soil for use in raising seedlings and cultivation, but the inventors of the present application pulverized pruned branches and leaves By using fermented green tree branch and leaf compost without mixing with soil, the length of seedlings such as vegetables is suppressed,
Furthermore, it was found that herbaceous seedlings such as vegetables can be bonsaid by transplanting the seedlings into pots without properly planting them and appropriately managing irrigation for a long period of time.
緑樹の剪定枝葉等の剪定材は、植物の生体そのものであり、落葉や落枝ではないので、
生体内に養分元素が蓄積した状態であり、これを発酵させたものは、堆肥として用いられ
る。そして、かかる堆肥化の進行は、剪定材中の糖類、タンパク質が分解され、ヘミセル
ロース、セルロース、リグニンの順に分解し、中温性細菌や菌類、好熱性細菌や糸状菌の
活動が旺盛となり、堆肥の熟成が進む。そのため、堆肥化した製品は、植物の生育に必要
な養分元素を水溶性の形態で多量に含んでおり、別途肥料を加えなくても植物の苗が生育
可能な量の養分が保持されている。
Pruning materials such as pruned branches and leaves of green trees are the living body of plants, not fallen leaves or branches,
This is a state in which nutrient elements are accumulated in the living body, and the fermented product is used as compost. And the progress of composting breaks down the sugars and proteins in the pruned wood, decomposes hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin in this order, and the activities of mesophilic bacteria and fungi, thermophilic bacteria and filamentous fungi become vigorous. Aging progresses. For this reason, composted products contain a large amount of nutrient elements necessary for plant growth in a water-soluble form, and retain enough nutrients to allow plant seedlings to grow without additional fertilizers. .
前記請求項4および請求項5記載の盆栽化方法においては、容器や鉢に入れた緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の量に応じて野菜等の草本類の茎や枝が成長し、ある高さまで成長した茎等は、その後、伸びずに盆栽化していくのである。   In the bonsai method according to claim 4 and claim 5, stems and branches of herbaceous plants such as vegetables grow and grow to a certain height according to the amount of composted green tree leaves and leaves placed in a container or pot. The stems are then bonsaied without growing.
請求項6記載の本発明は、前記請求項4または請求項5記載の盆栽化方法について、種子の播種を別途、播種トレイで行うものである。   The present invention according to claim 6 is a method of separately seeding seeds in a seeding tray in the bonsai planting method according to claim 4 or claim 5.
請求項7記載の本発明は、前記請求項5または請求項6記載の盆栽化方法について、育苗容器に緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物だけを入れ、草本類の苗を鉢に移植する際に、無機系土壌改良材および/または有機質資材を加えることを特徴とするものである。   In the bonsai method according to claim 5 or claim 6, the present invention according to claim 7 is an inorganic system in which only the green tree branches and leaves compost is put into a seedling container and a herbaceous seedling is transplanted into a pot. A soil improvement material and / or an organic material is added.
前記無機系土壌改良材等は、前述した通り、鉢内の通気性、保水性等を改善するために、必要に応じて鉢に入れられるものであるが、該鉢内の草本類の茎や枝の成長に寄与しないため、草本類の茎等の長さは、前述したように、鉢内の緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の量に対応することとなる。   As described above, the inorganic soil conditioner and the like are to be put into a pot as needed in order to improve the air permeability, water retention and the like in the pot. Since it does not contribute to the growth of branches, the length of the herbaceous stems and the like corresponds to the amount of composted green tree leaves and leaves in the pot as described above.
請求項8記載の本発明は、請求項4〜請求項7のうちのいずれか一項記載の盆栽化方法について、鉢内の緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の微生物分解による減量に対応して緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を補充することを特徴とするものである。   The present invention described in claim 8 relates to the bonsai planting method according to any one of claims 4 to 7, wherein the green tree branches and leaves are pulverized corresponding to the weight loss due to microbial decomposition of the green tree branches and leaves compost in the pot. It is characterized by replenishing compost.
請求項9記載の本発明は、草本類が野菜であることを特徴とするものである。   The present invention according to claim 9 is characterized in that the herbs are vegetables.
本発明の草本類の盆栽化材およびこれを用いた盆栽化方法によれば、野菜等の草本類の種子の発芽・育苗に必要な養分元素が供給されると共に、鉢に入れられた緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の量に応じて苗の茎、枝および葉の成長が制御されて、容易に盆栽化することができる。したがって、従来無かった野菜等の草本類の盆栽という新しい盆栽をつくることが可能となり、また前述したように、その作業・管理も容易であるため、盆栽についての詳しい知識を持たない人でも前述した野菜等の盆栽を楽しむことができるという利点がある。   According to the herbaceous bonsai material of the present invention and the bonsai method using the same, nutrient elements necessary for germination and seedling of herbaceous seeds such as vegetables are supplied, and green tree branches and leaves placed in a pot The growth of the stems, branches and leaves of the seedling is controlled according to the amount of composted compost, and can be easily bonsaied. Therefore, it is possible to create a new bonsai called a bonsai of herbaceous vegetables such as vegetables, and as mentioned above, it is easy to work and manage, so even those who do not have detailed knowledge about bonsai mentioned above. There is an advantage that you can enjoy bonsai such as vegetables.
以下に、本発明の実施形態を述べるが、本発明は、かかる実施形態に限定されるものではなく、その要旨の範囲内で種々の変形実施が可能である。   Embodiments of the present invention will be described below, but the present invention is not limited to such embodiments, and various modifications can be made within the scope of the gist thereof.
先ず、盆栽化材の主材である緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の製造の実施形態について述べると、図1に示すように、例えば緑樹の枝葉を剪定(1)した際に生ずる剪定枝葉を約3cm程度の穴の外刃を有する市販のタブグラインダーで粉砕(2)し、その粉砕物を堆積(3)して該堆積物の発酵温度が60〜70℃の範囲となるように、前記堆積物の切返しを複数回行い、約10ヶ月程度腐熟・発酵(完熟)(4)させた後、これを約5mm程度の目の篩に通し(5)、その通過物を緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物として得た。   First, an embodiment of manufacturing a green tree branch and leaf compost compost that is a main material of a bonsai material will be described. As shown in FIG. 1, for example, about 3 cm of pruned branches and leaves that are generated when the branches and leaves of a green tree are pruned (1). Pulverize (2) with a commercially available tab grinder having an outer edge of the hole, and deposit (3) the pulverized product so that the fermentation temperature of the deposit is in the range of 60 to 70 ° C. After turning over several times and ripening and fermenting (ripe) for about 10 months (4), this was passed through a sieve of about 5 mm eyes (5), and the passing material was obtained as a composted green tree leaf and leaf compost. .
前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物に含まれる養分元素量を分析した結果を表1に示す。     Table 1 shows the results of analyzing the amount of nutrient elements contained in the green tree branch leaf compost compost.
前記表1に示すように、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物のpHは7.3(中性)であるため、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物のpHを特に調整する必要はない。そして、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物は、植物生育の必須元素であるカリウム、カルシウム、マグネシウムを水溶性の形態で多量に含んでいる。また、C/N比は16.5であって、完熟堆肥と同様の特徴を示している。したがって、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物は、野菜苗の栽培期間中に窒素の無機化が起こり得るものであり、必須元素である窒素の供給能を有する。   As shown in Table 1, since the pH of the composted green tree leaf compost is 7.3 (neutral), it is not necessary to adjust the pH of the composted green tree leaf compost. And the green tree leaf and leaf compost compost contains a large amount of potassium, calcium and magnesium, which are essential elements for plant growth, in a water-soluble form. Moreover, C / N ratio is 16.5 and has the same characteristics as fully matured compost. Therefore, the green tree branch and leaf pulverized compost is capable of mineralizing nitrogen during the cultivation period of vegetable seedlings, and has the ability to supply nitrogen, which is an essential element.
次に、前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を用いた野菜の盆栽化方法について述べると、本実施形態では、図2に示すように、セルトレイ(21)を用い、その各育苗セル(22)に適度(湿りを感ずる程度)の水分状態とした緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物(23)を一定量ずつ入れる。すなわち、土と混合せずに、前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物(23)だけを各育苗セル(22)に入れるのである。そして、前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物(23)だけが入った各育苗セル(22)に野菜の種子(24)を播種した後、灌水する。   Next, a vegetable bonsai planting method using the above-mentioned composted green tree leaves and leaves will be described. In this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, a cell tray (21) is used and each seedling cell (22) is appropriately ( Add a certain amount of composted green tree leaves and leaves (23) that is moist). That is, without mixing with soil, only the green tree branch leaf compost compost (23) is put into each seedling cell (22). Then, each seedling cell (22) containing only the green tree leaf and leaf compost compost (23) is sown and then watered.
また、前記の場合において、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物にピートモス、バーク堆肥、もみ殻等の他の有機質資材を適当量だけ混入させることもある。この他、前記育苗期間中は、剪定枝葉を原料とする本実施形態の盆栽化材で保水性の高い部分をセルトレイ(21)の底面に敷いて、苗の過度の乾燥を避けるが、セルトレイ(21)の底面を地面(土壌)に接して育苗すると、セルトレイ(21)の育苗セル(22)内で根鉢形成が十分に行われないまま、苗がセルトレイ(21)内で大きく生長してしまう。また、このような事を避けるため、セルトレイ(21)の底面と地面との間に一定の間隔をあける(エアプルーニング)ようにしても良い。   In the above case, other organic materials such as peat moss, bark compost, and rice husk may be mixed in the green tree branch and leaf compost compost. In addition, during the raising seedling period, the bonsai material of the present embodiment using pruned branches and leaves as a raw material is laid on the bottom of the cell tray (21) to avoid excessive drying of the seedling, When the seedlings are brought into contact with the ground (soil), the seedlings grow greatly in the cell tray (21) without sufficient root pot formation in the seedling cell (22) of the cell tray (21). End up. In order to avoid such a situation, a certain interval may be provided between the bottom surface of the cell tray (21) and the ground (air pruning).
次に、前記セルトレイ(21)で育苗した野菜苗(25)を鉢(26)に移植した。この際、鉢(26)の体積がセルトレイ(21)における育苗セル(22)の体積よりも大きいため、その体積増加分だけ無機系土壌改良材(27)を緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物と共に鉢(26)に入れた。そして、その後、定期的に灌水を行うと共に、緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物が微生物の分解に伴って減量した場合には、更に新たな緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物(23)を補充して、最終的に野菜盆栽を得た。   Next, the vegetable seedling (25) grown in the cell tray (21) was transplanted into a pot (26). At this time, since the volume of the pot (26) is larger than the volume of the seedling cell (22) in the cell tray (21), the inorganic soil conditioner (27) is added to the pot (26 ). After that, irrigation is periodically performed, and when the amount of composted green tree leaf compost decreased with the decomposition of microorganisms, a new compost compost composted with new green tree leaf (23) is further supplemented, and finally the vegetable I got a bonsai.
次に、ミニトマトとピーマンについての盆栽化の実施例を説明する。   Next, an example of bonsai planting for cherry tomatoes and peppers will be described.
72穴のセルトレイを用い、その育苗セルに適度(湿りを感ずる程度)の水分状態とした前記緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を一定量ずつ入れる。次に、ピーマンとミニトマトの種を育苗セルに播種し(ミニトマトは平成15年3月7日に播種、ピーマンは平成15年3月18日に播種)、定期的に灌水を行った。そして、約1ヶ月後に前記セルトレイ内で育苗したピーマンとミニトマトの苗を育苗セル内の緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物と共に鉢に移植し(ミニトマトは平成15年4月6日に移植、ピーマンは平成15年4月29日に移植)、またこの際、育苗セルに対する鉢の体積増加分だけ無機系土壌改良材を加えた。その後、定期的に灌水等の管理を行った結果、前記移植後約6ヵ月〜7ヶ月後の平成15年10月28日において、ミニトマトは図3に示すように盆栽化し、ピーマンは図4に示すように盆栽化し、且つ小さな実も付いた状態となった。また、前記ミニトマトの盆栽は、約10cmの高さであり、ピーマンは約8cmの高さであった。   Using a 72-hole cell tray, a certain amount of the above-mentioned comminuted compost of green tree leaves and leaves in an appropriate moisture state (so that it feels wet) is put into the seedling cell. Next, seeds of bell pepper and cherry tomato were sown in a seedling cell (mini tomato was sown on March 7, 2003, pepper was sown on March 18, 2003), and watering was performed periodically. After about one month, the green pepper and cherry tomato seedlings grown in the cell tray were transplanted into a pot together with the composted green tree leaves and leaves in the seedling cell (the mini tomatoes were transplanted on April 6, 2003. Transplanted on April 29, 2015), and at this time, an inorganic soil conditioner was added in an amount corresponding to the volume increase of the pot relative to the seedling cell. Thereafter, as a result of regular management such as irrigation, on October 28, 2003, about 6 to 7 months after the transplantation, cherry tomatoes were bonsaid as shown in FIG. As shown in Fig. 1, it was bonsai and had small fruits. Moreover, the bonsai of the said cherry tomato was about 10 cm high, and the bell pepper was about 8 cm high.
前述した実施形態および実施例においては、セルトレイで播種、育苗した後、鉢に移植したが、播種を別途、播種トレイで行っても良いし、また播種、育苗および盆栽化のすべてを鉢で行う場合もある。   In the above-described embodiments and examples, seeding and raising seedlings in a cell tray and then transplanted to a pot, but sowing may be performed separately in a seeding tray, and sowing, raising seedling and bonsaiization are all performed in a pot. In some cases.
本発明の草本類の盆栽化材およびこれを用いた盆栽化方法によれば、従来無かった野菜等の盆栽が得られるため、盆栽の新たな分野が開拓され得る。   According to the herbaceous bonsai material of the present invention and the bonsai method using the same, bonsai such as vegetables that have not existed before can be obtained, so that a new field of bonsai can be developed.
実施形態における緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の製造工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the manufacturing process of the green tree branch leaf pulverized compost in embodiment. 実施形態における盆栽化方法を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the bonsai formation method in embodiment. ミニトマトの盆栽化状態を示す写真である。It is a photograph which shows the bonsai state of a cherry tomato. ピーマンの盆栽化状態を示す写真である。It is a photograph which shows the bonsai state of a bell pepper.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1: 枝葉の剪定
2: 枝葉の粉砕
3: 粉砕物の堆積
4: 堆積物の腐熟・発酵
5: 発酵物の篩分け
21: セルトレイ
22: 育苗セル
23: 緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物
24: 野菜の種子
25: 野菜苗
26: 鉢
27: 土壌改良材
1: Pruning of branches and leaves 2: Grinding of branches and leaves 3: Accumulation of pulverized matter 4: Fermentation and fermentation of sediment 5: Sieving of fermented matter 21: Cell tray 22: Nursery cell 23: Ground compost of green leaves 24: Vegetable seeds 25: Vegetable seedling 26: Pot 27: Soil improver

Claims (9)

  1. 緑樹から切断した枝葉を粉砕した後、その粉砕物を堆積して一ないし複数回の切返しを行って、該粉砕物を所定温度に保ちながら発酵・腐熟させることにより得られる緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を主材とする草本類の盆栽化材。 After pulverizing the branches and leaves cut from the green tree, the pulverized product is accumulated and turned one or more times, and the crushed product is fermented and ripened while maintaining the pulverized product at a predetermined temperature. A herbaceous bonsai material.
  2. 発酵温度が60〜70℃の範囲である、請求項1記載の草本類の盆栽化材。 The herbaceous bonsai material of Claim 1 whose fermentation temperature is the range of 60-70 degreeC.
  3. 緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物に無機系土壌改良材および/または有機質資材を加えることを特徴とする、請求項1または請求項2記載の草本類の盆栽化材。 The herbaceous bonsai material according to claim 1 or 2, wherein an inorganic soil conditioner and / or an organic material is added to the composted green leaves and leaves.
  4. 請求項1〜請求項3のうちのいずれか一項記載の盆栽化材を用いた草本類の盆栽化方法であって、前記盆栽化材を土と混合せずに、盆栽化材だけを鉢に入れ、該鉢内に草本類の種子を播種した後、灌水して、発芽、育苗および盆栽化することを特徴とする、草本類の盆栽化方法。 A herbaceous bonsai method using the bonsai material according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the bonsai material is not mixed with soil, and only the bonsai material is potted. A method of bonsai planting of herbs, wherein seedlings of herbaceous plants are sown in the pots and then watered, and then germinated, seedlings and bonsai.
  5. 請求項1〜請求項3のうちのいずれか一項記載の盆栽化材を用いた草本類の盆栽化方法であって、前記盆栽化材を土と混合せずに、盆栽化材だけを育苗容器に入れ、該容器に草本類の種子を播種して灌水することにより発芽させて育苗し、次に育苗した草本類の苗を育苗容器内の盆栽化材と共に鉢に移植した後、灌水することにより草本類の苗を盆栽化することを特徴とする、草本類の盆栽化方法。 A herbaceous bonsai method using the bonsai material according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein only the bonsai material is raised without mixing the bonsai material with soil. Place in a container, sow herbaceous seeds in the container and irrigate to germinate and raise seedlings, then transplant the herbaceous seedlings that have been nurtured together with the bonsai material in the seedling container, and then water A bonsai method for herbaceous plants characterized by bonsaiizing herbaceous seedlings.
  6. 草本類の種子の播種を別途、播種トレイで行う、請求項4または請求項5記載の草本類の盆栽化方法。 The herbaceous bonsai planting method according to claim 4 or 5, wherein seeding of the herbaceous seeds is performed separately in a sowing tray.
  7. 育苗容器に緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物だけを入れ、草本類の苗を鉢に移植する際に、無機系土壌改良材および/または有機質資材を加えることを特徴とする、請求項5または請求項6記載の草本類の盆栽化方法。 7. An inorganic soil conditioner and / or an organic material is added when transplanting only a green tree branch and leaf compost into a seedling container and transplanting a herbaceous seedling into a pot. To make bonsai of herbaceous plants.
  8. 鉢内の緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物の微生物分解による減量に対応して緑樹枝葉粉砕堆肥化物を補充することを特徴とする、請求項4〜請求項7のうちのいずれか一項記載の草本類の盆栽化方法。 The herbaceous plant according to any one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that it is supplemented with composted green tree leaves and leaves corresponding to the weight loss due to microbial degradation of the composted green tree leaves and leaves in the pot. Bonsai method.
  9. 草本類が野菜であることを特徴とする、請求項4〜請求項8のうちのいずれか一項記載の草本類の盆栽化方法。
    The herbaceous bonsai method according to any one of claims 4 to 8, wherein the herb is a vegetable.
JP2003403956A 2003-12-03 2003-12-03 Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same Pending JP2005160390A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003403956A JP2005160390A (en) 2003-12-03 2003-12-03 Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003403956A JP2005160390A (en) 2003-12-03 2003-12-03 Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2005160390A true JP2005160390A (en) 2005-06-23

Family

ID=34727067

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2003403956A Pending JP2005160390A (en) 2003-12-03 2003-12-03 Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2005160390A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012196195A (en) * 2011-03-22 2012-10-18 Masataka Furukawa Green-recycle agricultural method
CN104025922A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-10 胡永军 V-shaped double-plane pruning method for color pepper

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012196195A (en) * 2011-03-22 2012-10-18 Masataka Furukawa Green-recycle agricultural method
CN104025922A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-10 胡永军 V-shaped double-plane pruning method for color pepper

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103609278B (en) A kind of watermelon in sunlight greenhouse cultivation method
CN101637084B (en) Method for breeding tetraplont locust plantlets utilizing combination of hardwood cutting and root segment seedling
CN104641872A (en) Cucumber cultivation method
CN101946661B (en) Industrial fast breeding method for white tea
CN105532353A (en) High-yield planting method of kiwi fruit
CN102349430B (en) Method for breeding seedlings of grapes by using containers
CN106900461A (en) A kind of vine tea and woody oleiferous plants crop, the bionical Compound Management method of mountain rice
CN101627691A (en) Method for seedling nursing and cultivation of blinding trees
CN105594540A (en) Camellia pubipetala grafting and seedling cultivating method
CN105230432A (en) Method for broadcast sowing and cuttage reproduction of willows through single-bud short branches
KR20130051649A (en) Method of cultivating vegetable fruit using rye
CN104871923A (en) Large apple seedling cultivation method implemented through feeding block
JP3721370B2 (en) Seedling control material made of green tree branches and leaves and seedling control method using the same
JP2005160390A (en) Material for forming herb such as vegetable into bonsai (dwarf tree), and bonsai-forming method by using the same
JP2008253242A (en) Method for growing plant and bean-curd refuse for fertilizer
CN105746288B (en) A kind of method for building up of cassie Asia pine cuttage nursery system
CN111084038A (en) Winter jujube cultivation and planting method
CN103044092A (en) Transplantation matrix capable of increasing survival rate of oleaceae shrubs and application thereof
De Villiers Fertilise your garden
CN108934682B (en) Pachira macrocarpa cultivation method
TW202120460A (en) Seedling culture soil/soil for agriculture and horticulture, and method for producing same
CN107027574B (en) Broussonetia papyrifera green branch cutting propagation method
CN105453786A (en) Fertilizing method for prompting growth of Rhododendron moulmainense
WO2006075376A1 (en) Nursery bed material prepared from greenery foliage and method of controlling seedling growth by using the same
CN111937711A (en) Medium soil for lavender pot culture and method for cultivating lavender pot culture