FR2466718A1 - Solar collector used as roofing material for buildings - uses long M-shaped sections having thermal and noise insulating material underneath and solar absorption material in upper trough - Google Patents

Solar collector used as roofing material for buildings - uses long M-shaped sections having thermal and noise insulating material underneath and solar absorption material in upper trough Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2466718A1
FR2466718A1 FR7924784A FR7924784A FR2466718A1 FR 2466718 A1 FR2466718 A1 FR 2466718A1 FR 7924784 A FR7924784 A FR 7924784A FR 7924784 A FR7924784 A FR 7924784A FR 2466718 A1 FR2466718 A1 FR 2466718A1
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FR
France
Prior art keywords
solar collector
solar
tiles
hollow
covered
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Granted
Application number
FR7924784A
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French (fr)
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FR2466718B1 (en
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Legris Marcel
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Application filed by Legris Marcel filed Critical Legris Marcel
Priority to FR7924784A priority Critical patent/FR2466718B1/fr
Priority claimed from FR7927380A external-priority patent/FR2468859B2/fr
Priority claimed from FR8001158A external-priority patent/FR2473690B2/fr
Publication of FR2466718A1 publication Critical patent/FR2466718A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FR2466718B1 publication Critical patent/FR2466718B1/fr
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/67Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of roof constructions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The roofing material is in the form of long strips which run down the roof line. Each strip is in the form of a capital M, with rounded corners, and is made from metal, plastic or asbestos cement. The underside of the strip is filled with a light cellular material giving good thermal and noise insulation and in the upper trough of the section the solar energy absorption medium is placed, which may be flowing water or solar cells. Over the absorption medium a clear plastic or glass cover is slid under lips formed in the M section. The joints between neighbouring collectors are covered by rounded tiles in 'Provincial' style or by an other decorative material such as wood or metal strips or other shaped tiles.

Description

L'invention porte sur des éléments longs constituant de grandes tuiles résistantes aux surcharges du vent, de la pluie et de la neige. Ces éléments contiennent des absorbeurs d'énergie solaire. Ces absorbeurs sont creux et permettent la circulation d'eau ou peuvent être des rubans de cellules transformant les rayons solaires en électricité. Les collecteurs d'énergie sont recouverts d'une vitre par emboîtage. Les dites tuiles placees côte à côte reconstituent une toiture ou un bardage. The invention relates to long elements constituting large tiles resistant to the overloads of wind, rain and snow. These elements contain solar energy absorbers. These absorbers are hollow and allow the circulation of water or can be ribbons of cells transforming the sun's rays into electricity. The energy collectors are covered with a glass by interlocking. The said tiles placed side by side reconstruct a roof or siding.
Les collecteurs connus de ce genre sont d'une fabrication complexe et ne respectent pas le coup d'oeil. Known collectors of this kind are complex to manufacture and do not respect the eye.
Les tuiles solaires selon l'invention permettent d'dviter ces inconvénients ; la fabrication est simple et mécanisee au maximum, la pose en est des plus simple et rapide. De plus ces tuiles solaires, étant de véritables matériaux de construction, permettent d'en remplacer d'autres ; la charpente se résume à quelques pannes, la consommation de tuiles classiques est réduite d'environ 50 %. A cela il faut ajouter que ces tuiles solaires créent une parfaite isolation phonique, thermique et climatique. Dans un cadre "Provençal" par exemple, le style régional est respecté tout encemportant une grande surface de capteur solaire. Tous ces avantages tendent à promouvoir l'énergie solaire. The solar tiles according to the invention make it possible to avoid these drawbacks; manufacturing is simple and mechanized to the maximum, installation is very simple and quick. In addition, these solar tiles, being real building materials, make it possible to replace others; the frame comes down to a few breakdowns, the consumption of conventional tiles is reduced by around 50%. To this we must add that these solar tiles create perfect sound, thermal and climatic insulation. In a "Provençal" setting for example, the regional style is respected while carrying a large area of solar collector. All of these benefits tend to promote solar energy.
Le dessin annexe planche 1 illustre à titre d'exemple une forme de ces tuiles. (1) est un profilé qui peut être en tôle métallique, plastique, amiante-ciment ect..., et rappelle grossomodo la forme d'un M majuscule dont les angles sont arrondis. La longueur est déterminée par la dimension du rampant. Dans la partie intérieure de ce profilé, on injecte un produit (2) ayant les qualités d'isolation thermique, phonique, non combustible et durable. Ces produits, s'adhérant aux parois intérieures du profilé, renforcent sa solidité en empêchant le voilage des parties latérales. Dans le creux de l'onde, un absorbeur d'énergie solaire (8) ; élément creux, permettant la circulation de liquide, dont la surface peinte en noir est exposée au soleil, et présen te un relief quelconque mais dont le profil épouse la forme du creux de l'onde, ce creux peut être réfléchissant.Des serpentins peuvent titre employés mais suivent aussi la forme du creux. The accompanying drawing plate 1 illustrates by way of example a shape of these tiles. (1) is a profile which can be made of metal sheet, plastic, asbestos-cement ect ..., and roughly recalls the shape of a capital M whose angles are rounded. The length is determined by the size of the ramp. In the inner part of this profile, a product (2) is injected having the qualities of thermal, sound insulation, non-combustible and durable. These products, which adhere to the internal walls of the profile, strengthen its solidity by preventing the side parts from becoming veiled. In the hollow of the wave, a solar energy absorber (8); hollow element, allowing the circulation of liquid, whose black painted surface is exposed to the sun, and presents any relief but whose profile follows the shape of the hollow of the wave, this hollow can be reflective. employed but also follow the shape of the hollow.
Une vitre (4) en forme de gouttière protège l'absorbeur solaire des intempéries et produit l'effet de serre. Une variation de forme (3) sur le profilé (1) donne l'aspect d'une feuillure et permet l'emboîtage de la vitre (4). L'élasticité de celle-ci permet ltétanchéité qui est renforcée par un cordon de mastic (13). Pour améliorer la captation solaire, il est possible dans le creux de la vitre de créer un "effet de loupe" (9).A gutter-shaped window (4) protects the solar absorber from bad weather and produces the greenhouse effect. A variation in shape (3) on the profile (1) gives the appearance of a rebate and allows the fitting of the window (4). The elasticity thereof allows sealing which is reinforced by a bead of sealant (13). To improve solar collection, it is possible in the hollow of the glass to create a "magnifying glass effect" (9).
La figure planche 2 illustre une application à titre d'exemple. Les éléments complets formés de 1, 22 4, 8, de longueur égale au rampant du toit sont placés côte à côte et fixés à l'aide de crochets (7) ou (12) sur les pannes. Placés ainsi les éléments reconstituent la! forme ondulée dtun pan de toit ou d'un bardage. Les extrémités sont bouchées. Pour parfaire l1es- thétique, l'onde en forme de "bosse" formée par la jonction des éléments est recouverte de tuiles rondes (6) type "Provençal". Figure 2 illustrates an application by way of example. The complete elements formed of 1, 22 4, 8, of length equal to the ramp of the roof are placed side by side and fixed with hooks (7) or (12) on the purlins. Placed in this way the elements reconstitute it! corrugated form of a roof panel or cladding. The ends are blocked. To perfect the aesthetic, the wave in the shape of a "hump" formed by the junction of the elements is covered with round tiles (6) of the "Provençal" type.
Ces tuiles sont vissées ou collées. La maçonnerie de faitage, rives et tuiles d'égout est la même que si l'on employait des tales ondulées recouvertes de tuiles demi-rondes. La circulation d'eau est des plus classique et n'est pas représentée sur les dessins. Les éléments sont reliés en parallèle par un tuyau d'amené d'eau froide et par un tuyau de sortie d'eau chaude. Des électrovannes commandées par la température règlementent le débit. Dans le cas de toit à deux pans, le moins exposé peut servir de préchauffeur.These tiles are screwed or glued. The ridge masonry, banks and sewer tiles are the same as if one used corrugated sheets covered with semi-round tiles. The circulation of water is very classic and is not shown in the drawings. The elements are connected in parallel by a cold water supply pipe and by a hot water outlet pipe. Temperature controlled solenoid valves regulate the flow. In the case of a two-sided roof, the least exposed can serve as a preheater.
Pour 11 exécution de ces grandes tuiles solaires, il faut modifier la forme des profilés afin de les adapter aux modèles de tuiles ou autres aspects choisis. Par exemple, on adopte dans certains cas une forme plane aux sommets des ondes produites par la jonction sans que cela change le caractère inventif de la chose. De m8me les éléments creux métalliques absorbant l'énergie solaire peuvent avoir des reliefs différents mais ont la forme arrondie afin d'épouser la forme du creux de tonde et d'offrir une plus grande surface au soleil. For the execution of these large solar tiles, it is necessary to modify the shape of the profiles in order to adapt them to the models of tiles or other aspects chosen. For example, in some cases, we adopt a plane shape at the vertices of the waves produced by the junction without changing the inventiveness of the thing. Likewise, the hollow metallic elements absorbing solar energy can have different reliefs but have the rounded shape in order to match the shape of the hollow of the mower and to offer a larger surface in the sun.
L'invention décrite ci-dessus présente l'avantage d'adapter en grande surface et de façon discrète dans la construction1 des capteurs d'énergie solaire. En y adaptant des matériaux dit naturelsvon crée des panneaux décoratifs. L'aspect "Provenal" y est particulièrement préservé.  The invention described above has the advantage of adapting solar energy collectors discreetly in large areas in the construction1. By adapting so-called natural materials, you create decorative panels. The "Provenal" aspect is particularly preserved there.

Claims (9)

REVENDIC4TIONs
1 - Collecteur solaire composé de grandes tuiles isolées et portantes, constituant les pans de toits ou de bardages, caractérisé en ce que ces tuiles sont formées d'un bâti portant profilé en forme grosso modo de M majuscule métallique ou non et dont le volume intérieur est garni de matériaux isolants thermiques, phoniques, non combustibles, inaltérables et injectés. Dans le creux de l'onde est placée un élément capteur d'Q- nergie solaire dont la surface noircie présente des reliefs quelconques mais dont l'allure épouse la forme de 1'onde afin de produire une surface maximum au soleil. Ces éléments creux permettent la circulation de l'eau. 1 - Solar collector composed of large insulated and load-bearing tiles, constituting the sections of roofs or cladding, characterized in that these tiles are formed from a supporting structure profiled in roughly M capital metallic form or not and whose interior volume is lined with thermal, phonic, non-combustible, unalterable and injected insulating materials. In the hollow of the wave is placed a solar energy sensor element whose blackened surface has any reliefs but whose shape matches the shape of the wave in order to produce a maximum surface in the sun. These hollow elements allow the circulation of water.
2 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé par le fait que les battis profilés, selon la revendication 1, sont coupés à la mesure du toit, bouchés à leurs extrémités et recouverts d'une vitre en forme de gouttière s'emboitant dans le profilé à l'aide d'une variation de forme du dit profilé. L'élasticité de la vitre en cas de plexiglas ou analogue maintient avec un cordon de mastic l'étanchéité. Les vitres laissent passer les radiations solaires et retiennent à l'intérieur de la grande tuile les rayons infrarouges réfléchis par l'élément chaud et noirci à l'aide d'une peinture spéciale. Les creux des ondes peuvent titre réfléchXssants. 2 - Solar collector characterized in that the profiled battens, according to claim 1, are cut to the measure of the roof, plugged at their ends and covered with a gutter-shaped window fitting into the profile using of a variation in the shape of said profile. The elasticity of the glass in the case of plexiglass or the like maintains the seal with a bead of sealant. The windows allow solar radiation to pass through and retain the infrared rays inside the large tile, reflected by the hot element and blackened with a special paint. The waves can be reflective.
3 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé par le fait que selon les revendications 1 et 2 le vitrage est double et en forme de gouttière. 3 - Solar collector characterized in that according to claims 1 and 2 the glazing is double and in the form of gutter.
4 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé par le fait que selon les revendications 1-2-3 la vitre en forme de gouttière présente dans le creux un effet de loupe. 4 - Solar collector, characterized in that according to claims 1-2-3, the gutter-shaped window has a magnifying glass effect in the hollow.
5 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé selon la revendication 1 par le fait que les éléments chauffants sont reliés à leurs extrémités et en parallèle par des canalisations d'entrée et de 5 - solar collector characterized according to claim 1 in that the heating elements are connected at their ends and in parallel by inlet pipes and
REVENDICATIONS sortie reliant les embouts de tuyau de sortie et d'entrée des éléments chauffant. Ces bouts de tuyau traversent le creux de l'onde du profilé. OUTLET CLAIMS connecting the outlet and inlet pipe end pieces of the heating elements. These ends of the pipe pass through the hollow of the profile wave.
6 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé selon les revendications 1 et 5 par le fait que la circulation du liquide est règlée par des électrovannes commandant elles mêmes par la température du liquide. 6 - solar collector characterized according to claims 1 and 5 in that the circulation of the liquid is regulated by solenoid valves controlling themselves by the temperature of the liquid.
7 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé selon la revendication 1 et 2 par le fait que le capteur d'énergie est un ensemble de cellules transformant les rayons solaires en courant électrique. 7 - solar collector characterized according to claim 1 and 2 in that the energy sensor is a set of cells transforming the sun's rays into electric current.
8 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé par le fait que selon la revendication 1 les joints des éléments sont recouverts de tuiles rondes type "Provençal". 8 - solar collector characterized in that according to claim 1 the joints of the elements are covered with round tiles type "Provençal".
9 - Collecteur solaire caractérisé par le fait que selon la revendication 1 et 8 les joints des éléments sont recouverts de tous matériaux décoratifs, bois, ardoise, tuiles plates, planchette de bois, chaume et autre selon l'aspect recherché pour la décoration.  9 - solar collector characterized in that according to claim 1 and 8 the joints of the elements are covered with all decorative materials, wood, slate, flat tiles, wooden board, thatch and other depending on the desired aspect for decoration.
FR7924784A 1979-10-01 1979-10-01 Expired FR2466718B1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7924784A FR2466718B1 (en) 1979-10-01 1979-10-01

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7924784A FR2466718B1 (en) 1979-10-01 1979-10-01
FR7927380A FR2468859B2 (en) 1979-10-01 1979-10-30
FR8001158A FR2473690B2 (en) 1979-10-01 1980-01-16

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FR2466718A1 true FR2466718A1 (en) 1981-04-10
FR2466718B1 FR2466718B1 (en) 1982-08-13

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2530790A1 (en) * 1982-07-26 1984-01-27 Paille Jules Solar collectors for traditional roofs made from pantiles
WO1984004579A1 (en) * 1983-05-10 1984-11-22 Walter Freller Roof element

Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2079687A5 (en) * 1970-02-10 1971-11-12 Alexandroff Georges
FR2282092A1 (en) * 1974-08-12 1976-03-12 Coulet Paul Solar energy heating panel - with inclined peripheral polished metal reflector to concentrate rays
FR2331756A1 (en) * 1975-11-14 1977-06-10 Concordia Dev Ab PROCESS AND INSTALLATION FOR CAPTURING SOLAR ENERGY FOR HEATING
DE2603080A1 (en) * 1976-01-28 1977-11-03 Kraftanlagen Ag Solar energy collector for central or water heating - has absorption elements with transparent cover forming external weathering of building
FR2349702A1 (en) * 1976-04-27 1977-11-25 Faure Bertrand Modular roofing section for collecting solar energy - consists of transparent surface on support forming casing containing plate
US4098260A (en) * 1977-02-07 1978-07-04 Goettl William H Solar heat collector and radiator for building roof
FR2374602A1 (en) * 1976-12-15 1978-07-13 Anglo Amer Corp South Africa WATER HEATERS SOLAR RADIATION SENSORS
FR2376377A1 (en) * 1976-12-30 1978-07-28 Lucchetti Lucien Solar energy heater for house roof mounting - comprising corrugated sheets of steel and an integral water reservoir
DE2725976A1 (en) * 1977-06-08 1978-12-21 Theodor Straub Prefabricated roof construction - uses profiled metal sheet with reinforcing ribs forming parts of solar energy converters
DE2827007A1 (en) * 1977-06-23 1979-01-11 Alfred Ing Stachetsberger Solar collector shaped as a flattened tube - with parabolic hard polyurethane foam based mirror at the bottom of the tube
FR2395572A1 (en) * 1977-06-23 1979-01-19 Framatome Sa PROCEDURE FOR MONITORING THE REACTIVITY EFFECTS DUE TO POWER VARIATIONS IN NUCLEAR REACTORS WITH PRESSURIZED WATER
US4150662A (en) * 1977-06-10 1979-04-24 Summers Verl R Solar energy structure
FR2408018A2 (en) * 1977-11-02 1979-06-01 Canavese Gerard Solar heater mounting component - consists of seal mounted directly below absorber and including heat reflecting face
DE2804301A1 (en) * 1978-02-01 1979-08-02 Werner Veser Solar heating system using wall or roof tiles - uses conventional extruded material with liq. circulating channels incorporated
FR2415178A1 (en) * 1978-01-21 1979-08-17 Korzdorfer Ingeborg TILE-SHAPED ROOF ELEMENT WITH DEVICE FOR CAPTURING SOLAR ENERGY
DE2809031A1 (en) * 1978-03-02 1979-09-06 Muellejans Heinrich Solar collector with simply laid strip element - contg. longitudinal ducts and adaptable esp. to corrugated roofing

Patent Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2079687A5 (en) * 1970-02-10 1971-11-12 Alexandroff Georges
FR2282092A1 (en) * 1974-08-12 1976-03-12 Coulet Paul Solar energy heating panel - with inclined peripheral polished metal reflector to concentrate rays
FR2331756A1 (en) * 1975-11-14 1977-06-10 Concordia Dev Ab PROCESS AND INSTALLATION FOR CAPTURING SOLAR ENERGY FOR HEATING
DE2603080A1 (en) * 1976-01-28 1977-11-03 Kraftanlagen Ag Solar energy collector for central or water heating - has absorption elements with transparent cover forming external weathering of building
FR2349702A1 (en) * 1976-04-27 1977-11-25 Faure Bertrand Modular roofing section for collecting solar energy - consists of transparent surface on support forming casing containing plate
FR2374602A1 (en) * 1976-12-15 1978-07-13 Anglo Amer Corp South Africa WATER HEATERS SOLAR RADIATION SENSORS
FR2376377A1 (en) * 1976-12-30 1978-07-28 Lucchetti Lucien Solar energy heater for house roof mounting - comprising corrugated sheets of steel and an integral water reservoir
US4098260A (en) * 1977-02-07 1978-07-04 Goettl William H Solar heat collector and radiator for building roof
DE2725976A1 (en) * 1977-06-08 1978-12-21 Theodor Straub Prefabricated roof construction - uses profiled metal sheet with reinforcing ribs forming parts of solar energy converters
US4150662A (en) * 1977-06-10 1979-04-24 Summers Verl R Solar energy structure
DE2827007A1 (en) * 1977-06-23 1979-01-11 Alfred Ing Stachetsberger Solar collector shaped as a flattened tube - with parabolic hard polyurethane foam based mirror at the bottom of the tube
FR2395572A1 (en) * 1977-06-23 1979-01-19 Framatome Sa PROCEDURE FOR MONITORING THE REACTIVITY EFFECTS DUE TO POWER VARIATIONS IN NUCLEAR REACTORS WITH PRESSURIZED WATER
FR2408018A2 (en) * 1977-11-02 1979-06-01 Canavese Gerard Solar heater mounting component - consists of seal mounted directly below absorber and including heat reflecting face
FR2415178A1 (en) * 1978-01-21 1979-08-17 Korzdorfer Ingeborg TILE-SHAPED ROOF ELEMENT WITH DEVICE FOR CAPTURING SOLAR ENERGY
DE2804301A1 (en) * 1978-02-01 1979-08-02 Werner Veser Solar heating system using wall or roof tiles - uses conventional extruded material with liq. circulating channels incorporated
DE2809031A1 (en) * 1978-03-02 1979-09-06 Muellejans Heinrich Solar collector with simply laid strip element - contg. longitudinal ducts and adaptable esp. to corrugated roofing

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2530790A1 (en) * 1982-07-26 1984-01-27 Paille Jules Solar collectors for traditional roofs made from pantiles
WO1984004579A1 (en) * 1983-05-10 1984-11-22 Walter Freller Roof element
EP0126726A1 (en) * 1983-05-10 1984-11-28 VOEST-ALPINE Aktiengesellschaft Roof element

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