EP1925740A1 - Wall made from a volume limited by panels and posts - Google Patents

Wall made from a volume limited by panels and posts Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1925740A1
EP1925740A1 EP07022892A EP07022892A EP1925740A1 EP 1925740 A1 EP1925740 A1 EP 1925740A1 EP 07022892 A EP07022892 A EP 07022892A EP 07022892 A EP07022892 A EP 07022892A EP 1925740 A1 EP1925740 A1 EP 1925740A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
post
filling
panels
lattice
posts
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP07022892A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Konrad Lehrhuber
Original Assignee
Konrad Lehrhuber
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AT0082806U priority Critical patent/AT10001U1/en
Priority to DE200610055635 priority patent/DE102006055635A1/en
Priority to DE200620017921 priority patent/DE202006017921U1/en
Application filed by Konrad Lehrhuber filed Critical Konrad Lehrhuber
Publication of EP1925740A1 publication Critical patent/EP1925740A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F8/00Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air-transmitted noise from road or railway traffic
    • E01F8/02Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air-transmitted noise from road or railway traffic specially adapted for sustaining vegetation or for accommodating plants ; Embankment-type or crib-type noise barriers; Retaining walls specially adapted to absorb or reflect noise
    • E01F8/021Arrangements for absorbing or reflecting air-transmitted noise from road or railway traffic specially adapted for sustaining vegetation or for accommodating plants ; Embankment-type or crib-type noise barriers; Retaining walls specially adapted to absorb or reflect noise with integral support structure
    • E01F8/025Gabion-type
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • E02D29/0208Gabions

Abstract

The wall (1) has a horizontal reinforcement component (34) arranged between two posts (4). The component (34) is deflected in the longitudinal direction of wall, particularly by wind load, horizontal bending forces developed indirectly or directly in the posts. The reinforced component is formed like a support.

Description

  • The invention relates to a wall having at least two panels forming the two wall sides and at least two posts which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, wherein the panels are spaced apart, at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes with at least one Wandfüllraum for filling material and limit the posts are fixed, and wherein at least one partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filling material to be accommodated in the wall filling space.
  • Such slender walls anchored to the floor above the posts, which are preferably fillable with filler material remaining at least partially or partially visible behind the panels, may be used to partition open spaces or to separate at a boundary of a property, using visual, acoustic or Can provide wind protection. The walls are used individually or as an arrangement of several walls or wall elements that stand alone or are joined together to form a wall structure.
  • The EP 1 283 304 A2 discloses a noise barrier made of at least one wall body element consisting of two parallel spaced sheets of wire mesh, each of which wire mesh panel is fastened at both ends to its own fence post. The fence posts, the z. B. as square tubes are formed, are anchored in pairs by means of foundations in the ground. The stability of the noise barrier can be improved by cross struts that connect the opposing fence panels together. The filling space formed between the opposing fence panels or wire mesh panels is filled with sound-absorbing filling material, which consists of several layers of a mat of preferably biodegradable material. However, the fence posts formed of pipes are visually striking with respect to the wire mesh panels due to their closed side surfaces. Since the fence posts are not directly connected to each other and therefore do not form according to the teaching of static querkraftübertragende unit, they must each have a very stable bottom-side anchorage, so that the wall against z. B. can be supported by wind load applied bending forces. Furthermore, they do not form a separation of the wall filling space filled with matt-like material with the fence posts.
  • The generic DE 20 2006 004 980 U1 discloses a protective fence, wherein the protective fence has two spaced panels in the form of grid mats, which are both bolted to a common steel post at both ends, which is anchored in the ground by means of a single census. Between the grid mats a filling space for gravel is created, whereby the strength of the steel post determines the distance between the grid mats. In this way, narrow protective fences can be created in a width of about 8 to 12 cm according to the post strength. To increase the wall or fence width, it is proposed to attach only one grid mat to the steel posts and to mount the other grid mat at a greater distance by means of spacers that connect the two grid mats together. These steel posts are visually striking due to their closed side surfaces against the grid mats and are therefore used only up to a certain post strength. As protective fences with a larger width only one of the two mesh mats is attached to the steel post, complex connections via additional spacers are required to ensure the necessary stability of the fence. To use as a filler gravel with smaller grain size, On the insides of the two mesh mats, a close-meshed welded mesh or a wire mesh must be attached.
  • The DE 20 2006 003 299 U1 discloses a bulk-fillable wall having two tabular grid members spaced apart from one another substantially parallel to each other and connected to paired vertically disposed T-beams which are firmly anchored in the ground and interconnected by a plurality of solid struts;
    wherein the struts are arranged horizontally at the top of the T-beam and otherwise obliquely. The T-beams do not form a clear separation of the wall filling space.
  • From the DE 42 32 029 A1 has become known a noise barrier, which is constructed of spaced apart grids, between which a filling of stone or earth material is added. In each case two opposing grids are mounted on associated ladder-shaped double supports, each two spaced in a plane arranged double supports are aligned transversely to the grids and are anchored on respective own base plates on the ground. The two double columns thus represent independent posts, which are based on the entire width of the two double columns for each slender and each other statically independent. Although they can be connected by attachable crossbars, however, these crossbars do not constitute a firm connection, so that the two double carrier comparable to the post of EP 1 283 304 A2 at lateral load of the noise barrier, z. B. by wind forces, can bend against each other and thus can not impart high stability to the noise barrier.
  • A disadvantage of these walls that they are stiffened by the posts in the vertical direction, but relatively flexible in the horizontal direction, especially for slender walls, with low wall thickness, long walls and large forces to be supported.
  • The object of the invention is to provide a wall mentioned above, which is improved in terms of their strength, especially in a narrow design.
  • The object is achieved in a wall with the features of the preamble of claim 1 according to the invention that the wall between at least two posts at least one horizontally arranged stiffening component, in the direction of wall length, especially by wind load, horizontal bending forces occurring directly or indirectly in the Derives post
    wherein the stiffening member is formed in particular like a carrier.
  • Advantageous embodiments are specified in the dependent claims.
  • The wall according to the invention has a high flexural rigidity in the horizontal direction, even if it is made in a slim design. In particular, it has a high strength even with long and thin walls. The wall can be produced with little effort.
  • A wall according to the invention is an upright, flat component. A wall according to the invention forms a closed, opaque or almost opaque area with respect to a fence. Openings or views through the wall are possible. These are then deliberately made and not a basic feature like a fence. A wall according to the invention differs in its shape from, for example, a block or a post.
  • A wall has a flat or plate-like slim, basic shape. Gabions have a block-like shape. A wall according to the invention has, in contrast to gabions, above all a high degree of slimness of the wall thickness relative to the basic shape. Posts have a height-wise slender, columnar shape. A wall according to the invention has a predominantly planar shape in relation to posts.
  • A wall of the invention is usually a freestanding wall for gardening and landscaping. The wall is in the outer space, not inside a building. The wall takes no static function as part of a building, but does a creative and / or technical function outdoors. Therefore, the wall will usually be exposed to weathering.
  • The design and technical requirements in gardening and landscaping, in the private garden or in public spaces and in traffic and road construction are very diverse. A wall according to the invention is often used as a separation on a property boundary or for subdivision of a property into separately usable areas. A wall according to the invention preferably provides privacy, wind protection or sound insulation. In traffic and road construction, the wall fulfills a particularly important task as a soundproofing component. For this the wall has to be adapted according to the special regulations and requirements for this application.
  • Preferably in private real estate or public real estate, the thickness of the wall and / or the width of a grid post or a stiffening element is preferably 70 mm to 300 mm, in particular 110 mm to 250 mm and preferably 150 mm to 220 mm. This results in an optimal result in terms of space requirements and the protective task of the wall. At usual heights of a wall up to 200 cm, sometimes up to 300 cm, so that the required flexural rigidity is well met. For wall thicknesses of less than 70 mm, the filling becomes transparent in the case of conventional slab scraps and the grain sizes of the filling material dependent thereon. As a result, the required protection of the wall decreases or disappears. With wall thicknesses above 300 mm, more floor space is consumed and costs increase without the quality of the wall, such as protection performance or appearance, being improved.
  • It is the task of the wall according to the invention to consume as little floor space as possible through its design. In traffic and road construction, the base area consumption usually plays a minor role. Here stands the fulfillment of the valid regulations and requirements, in particular the technical use characteristics the wall, by standards, laws and the like in the foreground. After this basic requirement the most cost-effective execution or fulfillment of this task is important. It is therefore advantageous if the wall thickness of the Wandfüllkorbs and / or the width of a post and / or a stiffening component at least 70 mm or 90 mm, better from 110 mm or in traffic and road construction but also for private real estate or public real estate 140 mm, in particular from 160 mm or 180 mm and preferably at least 220 mm.
  • However, the wall thickness of the wall filling basket according to the invention and / or the width of a post and / or a stiffening component is not more than 890 mm or 800 mm, more preferably not more than 690 mm or 600 mm, in particular not more than 490 mm or 450 mm and preferably not more than 390 mm or 350 mm or 340 mm or in particular maximum 290 mm. Greater wall thicknesses allow higher walls to be erected statically, while keeping their slenderness high. Other functions of the wall such as sound insulation can be easily integrated into the wall by larger wall thicknesses. The thicker the wall, the greater the material and cost. Therefore, according to the invention for the respective application ideal wall should be as thick as necessary and as thin as possible.
  • With the wall height is usually referred to their free height. The free height is the height of the wall according to the invention above its anchorage in the ground. If parts of a wall with a total component height in the delivery state of 300 cm, for example, with 80 cm of their height are anchored in the ground, then the wall has a wall height or a free height of 220 cm.
  • The walls of the invention usually have a height from at least 59 cm or 60 cm or from 79 cm, as spatial marking, for example, at a property boundary like at least 99 cm or at least 100 to 120 cm or more, for example at least 149 cm. In particular, as visual, wind or sound protection, they preferably have a height of at least 160 cm, usually at least 180 to at least in the case of private real estate or public real estate 199 or 200 cm, in particular at least 249 cm or more and rarely up to 300 cm.
  • Especially in its function as sound insulation in private real estate or in public real estate and in traffic and road construction, the wall fulfills a particularly important task. For this the wall has to be adapted according to the special regulations and requirements for this application. It is therefore advantageous if in traffic and road construction but also when needed for private real estate or public real estate wall of the invention a wall height of a maximum of 1210 cm or 810 cm or 610 or 510 or 410 cm or 360 cm or 330 cm or 310 in particular cm or less.
  • The walls according to the invention usually have from lattice posts to lattice posts a length rarely below 99 cm or 100 cm, sometimes at least 124 cm or 149 or from 150 cm. Usually they are at least 199 cm or 200 cm long, in particular at least 249 cm long and reach barely more than 300 cm. For double rod mats their standard length of 251 cm is decisive.
  • Especially in its function as sound insulation in private real estate or in public real estate and in traffic and road construction, the wall fulfills a particularly important task. For this the wall has to be adapted according to the special regulations and requirements for this application. It is therefore advantageous if in traffic and road construction but also when needed for private real estate or public real estate wall of the invention a wall length of a maximum of 1210 cm or 810 cm or 610 or 510 or 410 cm or 360 cm or 330 cm or 310 in particular cm or less. For sound insulation walls, their post grid is usually decisive for about 300 cm or 400 cm or 500 cm or 600 cm.
  • A wall according to the invention has a flat or plate-like slim basic shape. This basic form is described by its slenderness. The slenderness is expressed by the ratio of the wall thickness to the wall length and / or by the ratio of the wall thickness to the wall height. An inventive Wall has a ratio of the wall thickness to the wall length of at least 1: 4 or 1: 5 or 1: 6 or 1: 8 or in particular 1:10 or more and / or a wall according to the invention has a ratio of the wall thickness to the wall height of at least 1: 3 or 1: 4 or 1: 5 or 1: 6 or 1: 8 or especially 1:10 or more.
  • For a wall according to the invention, a proof of stability must be provided in accordance with the applicable laws, standards and regulations. The wall has to fulfill the respective static requirements. These are mainly wind loads and impact loads. The impact loads, for example, by persons are regularly lower than the wind loads. Impact loads caused by vehicles are statically required separately. The wind loads are composed of wind pressure and wind suction. The occurring wind is regionally very different. In Germany, for example, there are maps indicating a local wind load zone. There are currently four wind load zones, namely the wind load zone 1, 2, 3 and 4, distinguished. In addition, the wind load zones 2, 3 and 4 are differentiated between inland and coast or islands.
  • The wind loads are so different that not only marginal differences but significant differences in the design of the load-bearing components of a wall according to the invention result. This leads, for example, to immediate requirements for the statically effective portions of, for example, the wall posts and / or for the respective wall height, wall thickness, wall length or slenderness.
  • For high walls, a different amount of wind load must be considered. From defined heights, higher wind loads per unit area are taken as a basis for a static calculation.
  • A wall of one or more block-like components, such as a gabion wall, achieves its stability by the shape and its own weight without anchored in the ground post. Without additional static Measures would fall over a freestanding wall according to the invention without anchoring due to their small wall thickness or because of their slenderness in the applied by the static loads, such as wind loads or impact loads. At least one rigidly anchored in the ground post protects, in contrast to a gabion wall, a wall according to the invention before falling over.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a wall according to the invention on at least one of the two sides of the wall on an outside backfill. The wall is thus formed and / or used as a support wall.
  • For retaining walls special static loads from a backfill or from the soil to be supported must be taken into account. A wall according to the invention can be used as a supporting wall. However, the burdens are significantly higher compared to the wind loads. If behind a support wall not a flat surface to be supported but a slope adjacent to the support wall or a plane but can be supported by vehicles surface, then the applied loads from the static theory are again considerably higher. According to the respective underlying wall height and / or wall length, the wall thickness and / or the statically effective components of the wall are to be made sufficiently solid.
  • Such a support wall can due to the anchoring of their posts on the ground or ground, even with a slim design high support or bending forces that are generated in particular by the backfill, record or support. Such a slim design can be realized cost-effective and space-saving with this wall, in contrast to the wide gabion walls.
  • Conveniently, each post is anchored with a single foundation in the ground or underground when the wall is created. Compared to strip foundations, this solution is easy and fast to produce anywhere and inexpensive. However, strip foundations for anchoring the posts are not excluded in principle, if they also have higher requirements for drainage.
  • The backfill can be filled at any height on one wall side. The posts are sufficiently dimensioned for their resistance to bending or deformation. Increasing the wall thickness is not necessarily required to support higher forces, while in gabion walls the individual mesh baskets would have to be made substantially wider in the loading direction.
  • In an advantageous embodiment, a support wall is arranged inclined in the direction of the backfilling. By a slope, referred to in the jargon as start-up, there is a static advantage. The shaping and the statically effective force from the weight of the wall form a back pressure to the earth pressure of the backfill. This reduces the forces to be dissipated by the construction of the wall. This saves above all material and thus costs. Such a tendency can z. B. by appropriate arrangement, the posts are easily adjusted, the post even in the production of the inclined wall can keep them safely in their tilt position. A wall according to the invention preferably has as a support wall an inclination against a backfill of 3 to 20 degrees, preferably 4 to 15 degrees and in particular 5 to 10 degrees.
  • In principle, the wall can be formed, in particular, as a slender wall with an arbitrary flat panel, which forms both sides of the wall. The wall expediently contains at least two panels forming the two wall sides, the panels being arranged at a distance from one another, delimiting at least two sides of a wall filler basket with at least one wall filling space for filling material and being fastened to the posts. The panels are usually arranged parallel to each other. Furthermore, at least one partial area of at least one of the panels contains recesses for optically perceiving the filling material to be accommodated in the wall filling space. This allows the filling material to remain visible in the wall filling space. In an advantageous embodiment, the panels have a grid-like structure. The wall filling basket represents the peripheral limit The two panels form at least the two opposite longitudinal sides of Wandfüllkorbs in a horizontal cross-section in approximately rectangular Wandfüllkorb and the two posts or other separating components, in particular lattice-like components, form the respective narrow sides on the periphery of Wandfüllkorbes. A bottom or bottom of Wandfüllkorbes can from a separate component such. B. a panel or be formed by a bent portion of one of the two side panels. Furthermore, the floor can be without its own component, the Wandfüllraum is then bounded on the underside of the substrate. Depending on the shape of the wall of Wandfüllkorb may also deviate from a rectangular shape and he may next to the two usually arranged in parallel panels and the two posts further peripheral components as boundaries.
  • Since the wall filling basket can be filled with freely selectable filling material, a wall can be produced in which uniform filling material is contained in the wall filling baskets or wall filling spaces as well as in the post filling baskets or the post filling spaces. On the other hand, by a different filling, a repeating or alternating pattern can be formed over the traveling stretch.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • A panel according to the invention can already produce a wall surface or a viewing surface of a wall according to the invention. The panel according to the invention is then preferably a slender planar structure with a closed surface, wherein one or more panels may also have openings or apertures. In principle, the panels can be thin, flat structures with a closed surface and edge-side fastening elements for the connection with screw clamping parts, these structures also having openings or may have openings. The panels are preferably made of metal. The panels can also be made of wood or plastic. The panels can also be made of wood or plastic. They can have a closed or a broken surface.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall according to the invention, the wall has at least two panels forming the two wall sides and at least two posts which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, the panels being spaced from each other, at least two sides of a wall filler cage having at least one wall filling space for filling material and attached to the posts. In this case, it is important that at least one partial area of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filling material to be accommodated in the wall filling space. Due to the size of its recesses, the board retains the filling material in the filling space. Preferably, the panels are formed as flat as possible components. As a result, the wall thickness can be made as small as possible. At the same time, the wall remains optimally opaque when filled. This saves space, material and therefore costs.
    Preferably, a panel as a component integral in the wall longitudinal direction bridges the distance between two spaced-apart posts.
  • It is advantageous if the panels are formed as lattice-shaped structures and in particular as wire mats, preferably as wire mesh mats made of metal or steel with point-welded nodes. These can be produced quickly and inexpensively, in particular by factory prefabrication. Spot-welded wire mesh are usually prefabricated by means of resistance spot welding. Induction welding, high-frequency welding or laser welding are also preferred welding techniques. In contrast to welding techniques with material-supplying welding electrodes, the workpiece is partially heated in the specified techniques and joined together by pressing together. The resulting welded joints differ not only technically but also already visually significantly from welded joints by means of material-feeding welding electrodes.
  • Grid mats according to the invention are usually designed as parallelograms. By a Punktverschweißung the wires of a node are connected in the same material and thus form rigid nodes. These nodes are thus able to absorb bending tensile forces. As a result, a static stiffening takes place in the longitudinal direction of the wall, since the panels thus have a disk effect. Factory prefabrication, at least in part, reduces costs. Wire and thus wire mesh mats are therefore inexpensive to produce as a result. Wire is usually round, but it can also be approximately round or polygonal such as 4-square, 6-square or 8-square. Even the shape of flat steel-like wires are suitable for wire mesh mats. Flat wires have a particularly high static bending resistance in the longer cross-sectional axis.
  • It is particularly advantageous if the grid mats are formed in particular as double rod mats or flat wire mats. These are manufactured industrially in large quantities. The double rod mats and flat wire mats are mostly on fully automatic factory-made fence elements and are used in particular in industrial real estate. They are therefore inexpensive and available virtually everywhere. Due to the double bars they have a higher flexural rigidity in the area, in particular in the important for a wall according to the invention longitudinal extent between two posts, as single-layer bar mats with the same weight per unit area. As a result, less wall spacers are required or these mesh mats can transmit higher static loads. Due to the high rigidity in the longitudinal direction are less or even, depending on the post grid and the respective static loads, no wall spacers required. The panel type and the wall spacers are preferably to be selected depending on the static loads and the wall masses so that the panel is not bulged undulating by the weight of the filling.
  • Usual wire mesh mats from industrial fence construction for use in a wall according to the invention have a length of 2.50 m plus two half wire diameters. This results from the usual longitudinal grid of 50 mm. 51 wires in the longitudinal direction of the lattice mat plus two half wire diameters give a length of about 251 cm. Together with the post cross section thereby determines the center distance of the posts and the field length of a single wall or a grid wall in a long wall. The official length is usually 250 cm.
  • The wire mesh mats from industrial fence construction for use for a wall according to the invention, in particular double rod mats and flat wire mats, have a height grid of mostly 20 cm. The wire mesh mats usually have a one-sided projection of the wires of the longitudinal grid. A usual lowest wire mesh mat has at least three height rasters, in which case the height is not given as 60 cm but including the 63 cm supernatant. The known other heights of wire mesh mats from industrial fence construction are 83 cm, 103 cm, 123 cm, 143 cm, 163 cm, 183 cm, 203 cm, 223 cm and 243 cm.
  • The wire mesh mats from the industrial fence construction for use in a wall according to the invention, in particular double rod mats and flat wire mats, have different longitudinal rasters. The usual length grid is usually 5 cm. This results, depending on the vertical wire used of mostly 6 or 8 mm, a smallest mesh size or a clear opening of 4.2 to 4.4 cm. Another length grid is 3.5 cm. This results, depending on the vertical wire used of usually 6 or 8 mm, a smallest mesh size or a clear opening of 2.7 to 2.9 cm. Due to the additional wires, this wire mesh mat is heavier and therefore more expensive. Another length grid is 2.5 cm. This results, depending on the vertical wire used, usually 6 or 8 mm, a smallest mesh size or a clear opening of 1.7 to 1.9 cm. Due to the additional wires, this wire mesh mat is even heavier and therefore more expensive. When used as a panel of a wall according to the invention, these values determine the minimum grain size of the filling material which can secure the respective grid or mesh size from falling out.
  • The smaller the grid or the smallest mesh size of a grid mat, the smaller the possible grain size of a filling material. The smaller the grain size, the lower the possible wall thickness and the guaranteed opacity. The smaller the wall thickness, the less, in particular high-quality, filling material is needed. At the same time, the space requirement for the footprint of the wall decreases.
  • The wire mesh mats from the industrial fence construction, in particular double rod mats and flat wire mats, have a diameter of 6 mm or 8 mm in the wires for the longitudinal grid in the longitudinal direction of the grid mat. The double rod wires of the double rod mats also have a diameter of 6 mm or 8 mm.
  • In a development according to the invention, a panel is formed as a grid mat, in particular as a wire mesh mat and preferably as a double rod mat or a flat wire mat, the wires in particular having a wire diameter of 4 mm to 11 mm, in particular 5 mm to 9 mm but preferably 6 mm to 8 mm. In this case, all wires or individual wires have one of the specified diameter.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wire mesh mat, which forms at least one boundary side of a filling basket with at least one filling space for filling material, wherein the wire mesh mat retains the filler in the filling space due to their mesh size, the mesh size, ie the clear distance between the wires, or is a grid and grid / or the wire diameter of the grid mat are formed with respect to the grain sizes and / or the bulk density of the filler adapted.
  • An inventive filling basket is preferably found in a gabion, in a wall according to the invention or in a wall element according to the invention. At least two wire mesh mats preferably form at least partially a gabion, a wall or a wall element with at least one filling basket which has at least one filling space for mineral filling material.
  • The wire mesh mat is preferably formed as a double rod mat, wherein the individual wires or the center wires are those wires which form the longitudinal grid in the longitudinal direction of the grid mat. The diameter of these individual wires or center wires is preferably less than 6.0 mm and in particular 5.5 mm or 5.0 mm or 4.5 mm or 4.0 mm. The double rod wires are those wires that form the height grid in the height direction of the grid mat. The diameter of these double bar wires is preferably smaller than 13.0 mm or smaller than 11 mm or smaller than 9 mm, and more preferably 8.0 mm or 7.5 mm or 7.0 mm or 6.5 mm or 6.0 mm or 5.5 mm
  • For example, in order to economize on panel spacers or to accommodate larger static loads in a hopper, especially without the panels having deformation similar to a stitch pattern, the double rod wires should have a larger diameter rather than a decreasing diameter. Diameters of at least 9 mm or 10 mm or 12 mm are then advantageous.
  • The double rod mats according to the invention have a combination of individual wires or center wires and double rod wires. This combination is called a configuration. The configuration of the wire diameter of "double rod wire / angled single wire / center wire / double rod wire" in a preferred embodiment is "8 / 5.5 / 8" mm or 7 / 5.5 / 7mm or 6 / 5.5 / 6mm or 8/5 / 8mm or 7/5 / 7mm or 6/5 / 6mm or 8 / 4.5 / 8mm or 7 / 4.5 / 7mm or 6 / 4.5 / 6mm or 8/4/8 mm or 7/4/7 mm or 6/4/6 mm.
  • In a preferred reinforced configuration of the double rod mats, the configurations are "10/4/10" mm or "10 / 4.5 / 10" mm or "10/5/10" mm or "10/6/10" mm or "10 / 7/10 "mm or" 10/8/10 "mm or" 12/4/12 "mm or" 12 / 4.5 / 12 "mm or" 12/5/12 "mm or" 12/6 / 12 "mm or" 12/7/12 "mm or" 12/8/12 "mm or" 14/5/14 "mm or" 14/6/14 "mm or" 14/7/14 "mm or" 14/8/14 "mm advantageous.
  • The wire mesh mat is preferably formed as a flat wire mat analogous to a double rod mat shown in the description in preferred embodiments, wherein the individual wires are those wires which form the longitudinal grid in the longitudinal direction of the grid mat. The diameter of these individual wires is preferably less than 6.0 mm and in particular 5.5 mm or 5.0 mm or 4.5 mm or 4.0 mm
  • With regard to a preferably reinforced formation of the flat wires, the static conditions or designs according to the described double rods of the double rod mats are to be applied. In the direction of bending, statically effective flat wire widths of 10 mm to 30 mm are to be preferred.
  • The lattice grid of the individual wires of a double rod mat or flat wire mat according to the invention is preferably less than 105 mm or 80 mm or 65 mm or 55 mm or 40 mm or 30 mm and in particular 100 mm or 75 mm or 50 mm or 35 mm or 25 mm.
  • The mesh size, ie the inside width, of the individual wires of a double bar mat or flat wire mat according to the invention is preferably smaller than 97 mm or 73 mm or 57 mm or 47 mm or 32 mm or 22 mm.
  • The grid of the double bars or the flat wires of a double bar mat or flat wire mat according to the invention is preferably less than 405 mm or 305 mm or 255 mm or 205 mm or 155 mm or 105 mm or 55 mm and in particular 400 mm or 300 mm or 250 mm or 200 mm or 150 mm or 100 mm or 50 mm.
  • The lattice grid of the individual wires x double bars or flat wires of a double bar mat or flat wire mat according to the invention is preferably 100 mm × 200 mm or 75 mm × 200 mm or 50 mm × 200 mm or 35 mm × 200 mm or 25 mm × 200 mm.
  • A double-rod mat or flat-wire mat according to the invention preferably has a mesh width of 25 mm to 45 mm or 27 mm to 40 mm and in particular 30 mm to 33 mm or a grid of 27 mm to 47 mm or 30 mm to 40 mm and in particular 35 mm. Due to this special grid with a wire thickness of about 4 to 8 mm or 4 to 6 mm and in particular 6 mm to 8 mm smaller grain sizes of the filler material such. As stones or pebbles from 22 mm or 24 mm, usually 29 mm or 31 mm are used. These occur much more frequently than grain sizes from 42 mm. They therefore offer a larger selection of design and are usually cheaper than larger grain sizes. Due to the smaller grain size, the wall fulfills the desired protective task even with smaller wall thicknesses. This saves floor space, material, working time for filling and thus costs.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a wall with at least two panels forming the two wall sides and at least two posts, which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, wherein the panels are spaced from each other, at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes with at least one Wandfüllraum for filler limit and attached to the posts. In this case, at least one partial area of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filling material to be accommodated in the wall filling space. A wall according to the invention in this case has at least one horizontally arranged stiffening component between at least two posts, which indirectly or directly derives horizontal bending forces occurring in the direction of the wall length, in particular by wind load, into the posts.
  • The arrangement of a stiffening element or a stiffening component obstructs or reduces the horizontal deflection of the associated panels. This is of particular importance in horizontally large static slenderness with correspondingly low resistance moment, especially at the top, statically open end of the wall. A stiffening element such as a horizontally arranged lattice girder increases the moment of resistance and reduces the deflection. An arrangement in the upper part of the wall is most sensible statically.
  • The wall according to the invention has a high bending stiffness in the horizontal direction, even with a slender design of the wall, especially with long and thin walls.
  • In an advantageous embodiment, the stiffening component is wider in the direction of the wall thickness than the filling basket. In this case, the stiffening component can project on one side or on both sides over the filling basket. This configuration allows through the large static effective height of the stiffening component in its bending direction transverse to the wall length particularly slim walls and / or a particularly economical use of materials and thus low costs. At the same time, the stiffening component serves as a structural component of a wall according to the invention.
  • A wall according to the invention may comprise one or more stiffening components. Preferably, a stiffening component according to the invention is arranged in the upper region or at the upper end of a wall, which provides the greatest possible static effect there. However, the at least one stiffening component can also be arranged at any point of a wall according to the invention. The dimension and position of a stiffening component is determined primarily by the respective static requirements. The wall can be produced with little effort and easy and installation. This makes it cheap. The wall looks visually pleasant and is structurally and visually arbitrarily configurable by the stiffening component.
  • The stiffening component according to the invention is very similar to the post in the static task. Both components have the task of reliably absorbing and transmitting bending forces. However, the stiffening component is statically stressed as a field carrier. The item but is claimed to deflection as Kragpfosten or clamped column. Nevertheless, an advantageous formation of both components is very similar. Consequently, the post embodiments according to the invention described below are also to be applied to the stiffening component.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • A post according to the invention is an upright, columnar-slim component. Gabions have a block-like shape. A post according to the invention has, in comparison with gabions, above all a high slenderness in the ratio of the post cross section to the post height. An inventive post is preferably formed in the direction of the wall thickness as a one-piece or firmly connected component. As a result, it has a statically optimal effect, since with regard to bending forces, in each case its entire post thickness becomes statically effective as a statically effective effective height. A post consisting of two components arranged substantially independently of one another in the direction of the wall thickness is structurally unfavorable.
  • An inventive post is preferably formed in the direction of the wall height as a one-piece or firmly connected component. As a result, it has a statically optimal effect, since its entire height is consistently structurally effective with regard to bending forces. The height of multi-part posts are technically feasible. However, a necessary statically secure connection of the multiple post parts causes additional costs. This solution is only suitable for special requirements.
  • An inventive post is usually a component of a freestanding wall for gardening and landscaping according to the preceding description of a wall according to the invention.
  • A post according to the invention has in the direction of the wall thickness of a wall according to the invention a post width according to the preceding description of a wall according to the invention. In this case, the post may be narrower, but preferably approximately the same width or wider than the wall thickness. With small wall thicknesses of, for example, only 12 cm or less with a common wall length of about 250 cm, it is advantageous if the post projects at least on one side over the wall. This increases its static effective height in the bending direction without increasing the wall thickness.
  • With the post height of a post according to the invention is usually called its free height. The free height is the height of the post above its anchorage in the ground. If a post with a total height of 300 cm, for example, is anchored at 80 cm of its height in the ground, then it has a post height or a free height of 220 cm. The post height is preferably substantially equal to the wall height. The post may, for example, for design reasons, also be higher on the wall panels. Or the post is, for example, for reasons of cost, lower than the wall height. This is technically feasible if the panels or the wall is technically formed so that the projecting beyond the post area of the panels takes over the static load dissipation.
  • The posts usually have a post height from at least 59 cm or 60 cm or from 79 cm, as spatial marking, for example, at a property boundary like at least 99 cm or at least 100 to 120 cm or more, for example at least 149 cm. In particular, as visual, wind or sound protection, they preferably have a height of at least 160 cm, usually at least 180 to at least 199 or 200 cm, in particular at least 249 cm or more and rarely up to 300 in the case of private real estate or public real estate cm up. Especially in its function as sound insulation in private real estate or in public real estate and in traffic and road construction, the wall fulfills a particularly important task. For this the wall has to be adapted according to the special regulations and requirements for this application.
  • It is therefore advantageous if in traffic and road construction but also when needed for private real estate or public real estate, the posts a post height of a maximum of 1210 cm or 810 cm or 610 or 510 or 410 cm or 360 cm or 330 cm or in particular 310 cm or less.
  • Transverse to the wall thickness in the direction of the wall length, the width of the post due to the static conditions of a wall according to the invention usually plays only a minor role. In this direction, the wall according to the invention with its surface, the panels and the filling material mainly takes on the task of stiffening, as it usually has a disk effect in static terms. The minimum post width in the direction of the wall length is therefore the measure of its minimum design width. The minimum width is around 1 to 2 cm. In most cases, a post has a minimum width of 3 cm or 4 cm or 5 cm or 7 cm.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the post this can be designed visually attractive. In order to make an eye-catching appearance, it is advantageous to make the post sufficiently wide. The post should preferably not be covered by the panels. A common width is then, depending on the post material and the color choice, at least 5 cm or 7 cm or 10 cm. However, a post according to the invention will not be wider than 95 cm. The post width is usually not more than 890 mm or 800 mm, more preferably not more than 690 mm or 600 mm, in particular not more than 490 mm or 450 mm and preferably not more than 390 mm or 350 mm or 340 mm or in particular not more than 290 mm. A post according to the invention preferably has a post width in the direction of the wall length of 5 cm to 35 cm.
  • A post according to the invention has a columnar, slender basic shape. This basic form is described by its slenderness. The slenderness is expressed by the ratio of the post width in the direction of the wall thickness to the post height and / or by the ratio of the post width in the direction of the wall length to the post height. A post according to the invention has a ratio of the post width in the direction of the wall thickness to the post height of at least 1: 2 or 1: 3 or 1: 4 or 1: 5 or 1: 6 or 1: 8 or in particular 1:10 or more and / or a post according to the invention has a ratio of the post width in the direction of the wall length to the post height of at least 1: 2 or 1: 3 or 1: 4 or 1: 5 or 1: 6 or 1: 8 or in particular 1:10 or more.
  • For a post according to the invention, a stability analysis is to be conducted in accordance with the applicable laws, standards and regulations. The post has, according to the foregoing description of a wall according to the invention to meet the respective static requirements.
  • A post according to the invention, in particular a lattice post or wire lattice post, is preferably formed in the transverse direction of the wall as a load or force unitary structure. It thus forms a one-piece or firmly connected component in the direction of the wall thickness. As a result, it has a statically optimal effect, since with regard to bending forces, in each case its entire post thickness becomes statically effective as a statically effective effective height. Such a grid post has a high strength with relatively little use of material. It may be formed flat or spatially, that is, it extends substantially in a surface or it is spatially formed and has a two-dimensional horizontal cross-section. A post, which consists only of two substantially statically independent arranged in the direction of the wall thickness components is formed statically unfavorable.
  • An inventive post is preferably formed in the direction of the wall height as a one-piece or firmly connected component. As a result, it has a statically optimal effect, since its entire height is consistently structurally effective with regard to bending forces. The height of multi-part posts are technically feasible. A necessary statically secure connection of the several post parts caused however, additional costs. This solution is only suitable for special requirements. In a preferred embodiment, a wall is formed with at least two panels (2, 2 ') forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the floor side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, the panels (2, 2') being separated from one another spaced apart, at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes form with at least one Wandfüllraum (31) for filling material (32) and are attached to the post (4). At least one post is formed as a lattice post (4). A post according to the invention is preferably formed as a lattice post. A grid post according to the invention is a post which is formed from a grid mat or a lattice girder or a combination of grid mat and lattice girder.
  • In any case, a grid post according to the invention forms a firmly joined stable unit in the transverse direction of the wall, that is to say perpendicular to the longitudinal extent of the wall over its thickness or width. Even if the lattice girder is formed from a plurality of individual lattice girder elements or lattice girder assemblies, these are always connected to a fixed lattice post structure which is uniform with respect to its load carrying capacity. Two individual, adjacent independent posts, which are not fixed and connected to each other in a load-bearing manner, do not constitute such a post according to the invention.
  • The grid post may also include additional elements such as reinforcing straps and / or reinforcing cross braces and / or reinforcing diagonal braces. A wall according to the invention with at least one post according to the invention is statically well formed and has a pleasant, harmonious appearance. It looks visually slim, elegant and unobtrusive. The optics and material are very similar to the panels when using wire mesh. There are, especially on the front sides of the posts, no massive cross-sections and viewing surfaces, but filigree wires. The posts are reduced to the statically necessary and optimized. This makes them lightweight, easy and inexpensive to transport, inexpensive and easy to manufacture and process. Due to the low weight, in contrast to the known solutions, a conventional finished mounted wall element, in Unfilled condition prior to mounting in the ground, moved and combined without machine assistance. That's easy, fast and cheap. The wall can be at least partially prefabricated industrially and therefore inexpensively. In particular, flat-shaped posts have the advantage that they are particularly simple and inexpensive to produce, storable and transportable and produce no further, small-scale filling in the installed state. In double rod mats or flat wire mats as panels, a very similar, related and homogeneous appearance is achieved.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment, at least one lattice post or lattice girder is formed with at least two wires (7) and at least one lattice pole spacer or lattice girder spacers (11, 16) connecting the wires (7). A grid post according to the invention thus consists of at least three elements or components, namely the two outer straps or rods or wires and the two straps or rods or wires connecting spacers or grid post spacers or lattice girder spacers (11, 16) or connecting parts. The elements or components may be flat, polygonal, oval or round in cross-section. They can be solid or shaped as a hollow body.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a post in addition to the outer straps further vertical elements or components, in particular further straps or rods or wires between the at least two outer straps. This creates an additional statically secure training of the post. In the case of static failure of one or more outer straps, these further elements with the functional elements of the post constitute a substitute post which assumes the task of securing. This is Although the permanent stability of the wall according to the invention no longer exists. However, the spare post secures the wall from falling over. A security carrier according to the invention therefore avoids personal injury and property damage in the event of a failure.
  • The spacer, so the grid post spacer or the lattice girder spacers may be arranged substantially perpendicular relative to the outer bars or straps. When loaded then occur in the connection node by forming a rigid node static bending tensile forces. For a sufficient bending stiffness of such a grid post, especially in the direction of the wall thickness, many spacers with many connection nodes or nodes are then advantageous.
  • Grid posts are preferably not parallelograms. If they show diagonals, they become particularly rigid. They then derive higher bending forces, in particular in the direction of the wall thickness, with less bending height or less cross-sectional area of the lattice post. It is therefore particularly advantageous if the spacers, so the grid post spacers or the lattice girder spacers are formed as diagonals. As a result, essentially only tensile and / or compressive forces occur in the nodes instead of, for example, bending forces or bending tensile forces. The spacers can then be dimensioned smaller. There are also fewer nodes required. If the grid of the diagonal smaller or more diagonals are arranged, then the load capacity increases in the bending direction, especially in the direction of the wall thickness.
  • In a preferred embodiment, at least one post and / or the at least one stiffening component and / or at least one metal post is a lattice post or a lattice girder and in particular a wire lattice post or a wire girder, the wires in particular having a wire diameter of 4 mm to 16 mm, in particular 5 mm to 14 mm and preferably 6 mm to 12 mm. For elements with round cross sections, in particular for wires, their diameter is 4 or 5 mm to 16 mm, in particular 5 or 6 mm to 14 mm and preferably 6 or 7 mm to 12 mm. Such a post yet has a high stiffness and strength at low weight. This sufficient bending stiffness is achieved. Visually, such elements are very harmonious because they appear neither bulky nor undersized. At the same time material and thus costs are saved. These diameters are also very suitable for the use of screw-clamp fasteners for attachment to each other or with other parts. In this case, all the wires may have the stated diameter or single or more specific wires have in different combinations on different wire diameters.
  • It is advantageous if the posts are formed as lattice-shaped structures and in particular as wire mats, preferably as wire mesh mats made of metal or steel with point-welded nodes. These can be produced quickly and inexpensively, in particular by factory prefabrication. Spot-welded wire mesh are usually prefabricated by means of resistance spot welding. Induction welding, high-frequency welding or laser welding are also preferred welding techniques. In contrast to welding techniques with material-supplying welding electrodes, the workpiece is partially heated in the specified techniques and joined together by pressing together. The resulting welded joints differ not only technically but also already visually significantly from welded joints by means of material-feeding welding electrodes.
  • A preferred embodiment of a post as a grid post or wire mesh post provides the advantages of gratings or lattice panels to such a post. Thus, a grid post or a wire grid post on a variety of advantages of a grid, as described in the description, especially in the panels and their design already described.
  • An inventively designed post provides a variety of ways to optimize its static formation or to design or optimize the wall thickness or the filling spaces of the wall according to the invention or to optimize. A closer one Presentation of various possibilities of the design can be found in particular in the description of the filling spaces and the associated figures.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections, in particular with a grid post according to the invention, to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • It is advantageous if the posts or the stiffening components or a further component of a wall according to the invention are wholly or partially formed as lattice-shaped structures and in particular as a lattice girder or as a wire girder, preferably as a wire grid carrier made of metal or steel, in particular with point-welded nodes.
  • Lattice girders are statically highly loadable in relation to the material used. With the same material usage, they are significantly more resilient than rolled profiles or sheet metal profiles. This is because the material used is not a flat solid material. Due to its material properties, a steel cross-section can be subjected to higher loads by tensile or compressive forces than by bending forces. Lattice girders consist of at least one upper chord, at least one lower chord and at least one diagonal. Upper and lower belts transmit tensile and compressive forces from static bending stress. Diagonals transmit shear forces as tensile or compressive forces. Lattice girders are inexpensive and easy to manufacture. They look slim and elegant.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall according to the invention comprises at least one post and / or at least one stiffening component, in particular a wire grid post or a wire grid carrier, which is produced from at least one or more flat or spatially shaped identical or different semi-finished products. A semi-finished product is an industrially manufactured component. Semifinished products are preferably produced in mass production. The production processes in semi-finished products usually have a clock frequency ranging from a few seconds to fractions of a second. Therefore, semi-finished products are not elaborate one-offs compared to handcrafted products, but uniformly formed mass-produced goods. As a result of these production conditions, a semifinished product is usually not individually adapted or individually configured in small quantities in each case at low cost. In most cases, semi-finished products are produced in an assortment of several embodiments. The basic shapes are predetermined and either not changeable at all or changeable or adaptable only with a few parameters. For example, a variable product parameter for semi-finished products that are produced lengthwise is product length, which can then be selected steplessly or in predefined levels.
  • The main advantage of a semi-finished product is that it is usually much cheaper compared to a handcrafted product. Compared to the cost of a semi-finished product, an identically handcrafted product is far from being able to be produced in the same price size. Usually, a semi-finished product costs only a fraction of a crafted product. A semi-finished product forms part of an end product to be produced. In order to be part of a final product, a semi-finished product is either still being processed or it is ready for installation in its manufactured form or usable for the final product.
  • A wire mesh post according to the invention is preferably produced from a wire mesh semifinished product. A wire mesh semifinished product according to the invention is, for example, a double rod mat or a flat wire mat or a wire mesh mat. An inventive wire grid carrier is preferably made of a lattice girder semi-finished product. A lattice girder semi-finished product according to the invention is, for example, a wireframe girder of a type which is predominantly used in reinforced concrete construction for cement ceilings and flat lintels. The different semi-finished products of a suitable range are already preformed or flat in the delivery state. A post according to the invention is an end product made from at least one or more flat or spatially shaped same or different semi-finished products.
  • Wire mesh semifinished products and / or lattice girder semi-finished products according to the invention are preferably semi-finished products produced by the manufacturer and, in particular, spot-welded, factory wire mesh mats or factory wire girder carriers. The semi-finished products are produced, for example, by automatic machines continuously by continuous production or by piece production. The wire connections are preferably produced by means of contact welding. In contrast to welding techniques with material-supplying welding electrodes, the workpiece is partially heated in the specified techniques and joined together by pressing together. A particularly widespread process is the production of wire mesh products, for example wire mesh mats or wire mesh supports, by means of resistance spot welding. But also induction welding, high-frequency welding or laser welding are preferred welding techniques. The resulting welded joints differ not only technically but also already visually significantly from welded joints by means of material-feeding welding electrodes.
  • Wire mesh semifinished products according to the invention are preferably spot welded wire carrier and / or spot welded wire mesh mats, which are preferably prefabricated by means of resistance spot welding factory. They are preferably made of smooth and / or ribbed and / or profiled wires. The welded joints are preferably made static loadable. Wire mesh posts according to the invention and sheets of wire mesh semifinished products have the advantage that they have a grid-like, transparent surface with respect to a filling material. As a result, a visually appealing filling material of a wall according to the invention in the installed state is visually well presented. A further advantage is that wire mesh posts according to the invention and sheets of wire mesh semifinished products on the one hand provide a filling basket-forming surface without, on the other hand, requiring the many material for a closed surface.
  • A wire mesh post has a good visual presentation and achieves high static values, in particular with regard to bending, with economical use of materials. Due to the inventive design of the post, the filling space be filled by a filling material that remains visible due to the not completely closed peripheral structure. The filler material can be selected depending on the desired appearance of the post, wherein in particular the surface structure, the color and, in the case of bulk material such as pebbles, the size of the individual bulk material parts can also be selected for the intended use. Thus, a deliberate optical design of the wall can be provided. Thus, the post differs significantly from the known posts that have been used in fillable walls so far. Such post has a low weight yet high rigidity and strength and its lattice structure such. B. its pitch can be adapted to the filling material to be filled in order to keep this in the basket and thereby to enable the desired visual perception.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the at least one lattice post or at least one lattice girder has at least one or more identical or different reinforcement parts which are formed as one or more longitudinal sections and / or transverse sections and / or diagonal sections (11). The at least one reinforcing member may be formed rod-shaped, tubular or post-like. Tubes or rods, especially wires can be easily and easily attached close to the main body of the post. As a result, they look visually inconspicuous. Rods or tubes usually form a reinforcement of the outer straps of a body. A post-like reinforcement member provides both over its height, both a reinforcement of the outer straps and a reinforcement of the post spacers. As a result, optimal technical and / or design and / or static adaptation is made possible for different applications and tasks of a wall according to the invention.
  • The compound of the semifinished product (s) and / or the reinforcing component (s) is preferably produced after the factory production of the semi-finished products by welding and / or clamping. The respective reinforcing parts are semi-automatically or manually attached to the respective semi-finished product (s) in order to provide as individualized configurations and optimized adjustments as possible. This is an individually adapted post with one or more semi-finished products as a starting point compared to a handcrafted post still significantly cheaper.
  • An inventively designed post provides a variety of ways to optimize its static formation or to design or optimize the wall thickness or the filling spaces of the wall according to the invention or to optimize. A more detailed description of various possibilities of the design can be found in particular in the description of the filling spaces and the associated figures.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections, in particular with a grid post according to the invention, to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a lattice post, in particular a wire lattice post and / or a wire lattice girder, and / or a stiffening component or a stiffening element is produced from at least one or more flat or spatially shaped identical or different semi-finished products. The post is especially wholly or partially formed as a lattice girder.
  • The lattice posts or stiffening elements may be formed from one or more flat or spatially shaped same or different lattice post units.
  • In the case of several lattice girders, these are preferably connected to one another by clamping or welding. This results in many possible combinations and thus advantages. Optimal adjusted static conditions, a variety of mounting options, especially for screw-clamp fasteners, both sides of the grid post different wall thickness, one with respect to the width of the grid post or the stiffening element smaller wall thickness or a close-meshed side surface of the lattice post are thereby facilitated or even possible.
  • The lattice posts or the stiffening elements preferably have complementary elements. This is, for example, an upper end or a vertical reinforcing cross section, whereby the technical application, the statics are ensured in particular for particularly high or slim walls, safety in use and good appearance. A stiffening element can also be a wire section which produces a mounting base for a screw-clamp fastener. Furthermore, additional rods may be stiffening elements for a close-meshed side surface of a grid post, in particular at the edge end of a wall. As a result, smaller grain sizes of a filler can be used.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall is formed with at least one panel (2) forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the longitudinal direction of the wall, the panel (2) being attached to the posts (2). 4) is attached. In this case, at least one of the posts on a peripheral structure which forms a Pfostenfüllkorb with a Pfostenfüllraum for filling material and at least a partial surface of the peripheral structure has recesses for optically perceiving the male in the Pfostenfüllraum filling material. Due to the design of the post according to the invention, this or its Pfostenfüllkorb can be filled by a filling material that remains visible due to the not completely closed peripheral structure. The filling material is selectable depending on the desired appearance of the post, wherein in particular the surface structure, the color and bulk material such as pebbles and the size of the individual bulk material parts can be selected for the purpose. Thus, a deliberate optical design of the wall may be provided by the difference in appearance of the at least one post and the at least one panel. The recesses may be bores, openings or holes in a closed peripheral structure, the z. B. is formed by one or more plate-shaped components or by a pipe. The peripheral structure may appear little when the recesses occupy a large portion of the peripheral surface. The wall can be arbitrarily formed and they can, for. B. a flat panel or the like. Such post has a low weight yet high rigidity and strength and its lattice structure such. B. its pitch can be adapted to the filling material to be filled in order to keep it in the Pfostenfüllkorb or in the Pfostenfüllraum and thereby to enable the desired visual perception.
  • In principle, the wall can in particular be formed as a slender wall, according to the preceding description of a wall, with an arbitrary sheet-like panel which forms both sides of the wall. The wall expediently contains at least two panels forming the two wall sides, the panels being arranged at a distance from one another, delimiting at least two sides of a wall filler basket with at least one wall filling space for filling material and being fastened to the posts. The panels are usually arranged parallel to each other. Furthermore, at least one partial area of at least one of the panels contains recesses for optically perceiving the filling material to be accommodated in the wall filling space. Thus, similar to the post, the filler in the Wandfüllraum remain visible. In an advantageous embodiment, the panels have a grid-like structure according to the previous description of panels. The two panels form at least the two opposite longitudinal sides of the Wandfüllkorbs in a horizontal cross-section in approximately rectangular Wandfüllkorb and the two posts or other separating components, in particular grid-like components, form the respective narrow sides on the circumference of the Wandfüllkorbes. A bottom or bottom of Wandfüllkorbes can from a separate component such. As a panel or from a bent portion be formed one of the two side panels. Furthermore, the floor can be without its own component, the Wandfüllraum is then bounded on the underside of the substrate.
  • Depending on the shape of the wall of Wandfüllkorb may also deviate from a rectangular shape and he may next to the two usually arranged in parallel panels and the two posts further peripheral components as boundaries. Since the wall filling basket can also be filled with freely selectable filling material, a wall can be produced in which uniform filling material is contained in the wall filling baskets or wall filling spaces as well as in the post filling baskets or post filling spaces. On the other hand, by a different filling, a repeating or alternating pattern can be formed over the traveling stretch. If the cross section of the post is chosen to be sufficiently large, the at least one post with different filling forms a visually distinctly different appearance from that of the wall filling baskets.
  • An inventive post can have different or different shapes in cross section. In one embodiment according to the invention, at least one post in the horizontal cross section is uniaxially symmetrical, in particular trapezoidal or triangular. This can, depending on the arrangement of the posts in the longitudinal direction of the wall, in the wall longitudinal direction on both sides of the filling baskets of the same length panels a multi-part continuously extending wall structure are formed. In this case, the wall structure in the wall longitudinal direction is aligned or, depending on the direction of rotation of the horizontal cross section of the posts and the inner angles of the respective trapezoidal shape or the respective triangular shape, all or part and executed more or less angularly. A post according to the invention thus also provides, in a simple and inexpensive manner, the formation of a wall node with more than two adjacently arranged, identically or differently arranged filling baskets of the same or different wall thickness.
  • In a further embodiment of the invention, at least one post in the horizontal cross section is biaxially symmetrical, in particular rectangular or hexagonal or diamond-shaped. As a result, the posts form several side surfaces. The side surfaces provide connection possibilities for panels for forming filling baskets. A post according to the invention thus likewise provides, in a simple and inexpensive manner, the formation of a wall node with more than two adjacently arranged, identically or differently arranged filling baskets having the same or different wall thickness.
  • In a further embodiment according to the invention, at least one post in horizontal cross-section is four-axis symmetrical, in particular square or octagonal or round. As a result, the posts also form several side surfaces. The side surfaces likewise provide connection options for panels for forming filling baskets. A post according to the invention thus likewise provides, in a simple and inexpensive manner, the formation of a wall node with more than two adjacently arranged, identically or differently arranged filling baskets having the same or different wall thickness. The four-axis symmetry of the post cross-section provides a particularly harmonious appearance of a wall node. In particular, with a round shaped horizontal cross section of the post, an arrangement of one or more identical or different filling baskets in any angle is possible. The appearance of such a wall node is optimally harmonious.
  • Also, by means of biaxial and / or four-axis symmetrical horizontal post sections can, depending on the arrangement of the posts in the longitudinal direction of the wall, on both sides of the filling baskets of the same length panels a multi-part continuously extending wall structure are formed. Here, the wall structure is also aligned in the wall longitudinal direction or, depending on the respective connection side of the horizontal cross section of the posts and the inner angles of the respective cross-sectional shape, wholly or partially and more or less sharply angular.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the post, in particular a lattice post, in the horizontal cross section in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the wall is at least partially so narrow, in particular diamond-shaped, that individual parts of a post filling material are held by two opposite sections of the peripheral structure of the post. The advantage of this design is that the clear opening dimension of the recesses for optically perceiving the filling material to be accommodated in the wall filling space or post filling space can be greater than the smallest grain size of the filling material.
  • For example, the recesses are formed like a lattice in a lattice girder post. Typically, these recesses have a trapezoidal or triangular basic shape with a base length of about 15 to 18 cm and a triangular or trapezoidal height, depending on the post thickness, of about 6 cm to 12 cm. Nevertheless, due to the special cross-sectional formation, a customary filling material with a grading curve of the grain size of, for example, about 40 to 80 mm is securely held in the filling space. The reason for this is that the parts of the filling material fall between the opposing sections of the peripheral structure of the post during filling, come into contact there and are pinched or clamped spatially fixed. They are held so that they protrude in the held state in the trapezoidal or triangular recesses. By this effect, the clear opening dimension of the recesses is indirectly reduced and the filling material is securely held in the respective filling space. As a result, the components of a wall according to the invention, in particular posts and / or stiffening components, can be produced more cost-effectively, because a close-meshed and therefore expensive design is avoided. In particular, semi-finished products, such as the wire grid carriers described, have large openings due to production. As marginal post of an inventive Wall or to form an independent from Wandfüllkorb Pfostenfüllkorbs these openings of the semi-finished products would have to be reduced as part of a post without this effect at a cost.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall (1) according to the invention with at least two panels (2, 2 ') forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, the panels being arranged at a distance from each other, at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes with at least one Wandfüllraum (31) for filling material (32) and are attached to the post (4), wherein at least one partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filler material to be accommodated in the wall filling is at least one Post formed so that the post has one of its bottom-side anchoring upwards continuously or stepped decreasing material cross-section.
  • When acting on the posts in particular by lateral load acting forces of the post and thus in particular its vertical supporting components to bending as well as train and pressure is claimed. In particular, the bending forces are different over the height of the post and largest at the base of the post. A post according to the invention is statically a clamped pillar. In its static stress on bending, especially in the direction of the wall thickness, the bending forces occurring in its vertical extent are not evenly distributed. The bending forces increase from the top of the post towards its anchoring in the ground. Depending on the type of static loads introduced, this increase in stress is continuous or graded. Definitely, however, the largest load of the post is found immediately above the anchorage. In nature, similar static loads occur in trees, for example.
  • It has been found that a bottom reinforcement of the post or its supporting vertical components results in a significant increase in the strength and stability of the post and that this gain decrease towards the top can, because in the upper sections of the post, the forces resulting from the load effect are lower. Thus, the entire supporting material cross section, z. B. of four vertical bars of the post, decrease towards the top, so that material can be saved and distributed the existing material over the height of the post according to the forces occurring.
  • Depending on the anchoring of the post in the ground, subsoil or foundation, the change in the material cross section may begin or take place in an area just above the anchorage, directly at the anchorage or also in the area of the anchorage. Is the post bottom side z. B. poured into a concrete foundation, the load-bearing components such. B. vertical bars firmly anchored in the foundation over a certain length or height and even over this length can be a Redzierung of the material cross-section of a larger cross section to a smaller cross section begin. On the other hand, the anchored portion of the post may have a constant material cross-section and the reduction begins outside the anchorage.
  • In the case of a plurality of essentially vertical load-bearing components of the post, a distribution of the material cross-section to the respective components is made in accordance with their share of the force support in accordance with the action of force on the post.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall (1) according to the invention, the post has a main body with a constant over the post height or the free height (above the anchorage) material cross-section and at least one connected to the main body reinforcing member, which together provide the material cross section, said the at least one reinforcement part has a material cross-section which decreases continuously or in a stepped manner from its base-side anchoring (above the anchorage). Accordingly, the post may have a plurality of vertical supporting components, which may be individually or collectively stepped up or continuously tapered. In a preferred embodiment, however, it can be provided that the post a Basic body with an over its free post height, ie from above the anchorage) constant material cross-section and at least one connected to the main body reinforcing member, which together provide the material cross-section, wherein the at least one reinforcing member one of its bottom anchoring, ie from above the anchorage having continuously decreasing or stepped decreasing material cross-section towards the top. It is expedient if the reinforcing member still extends into the foundation.
  • Preferably, at least one reinforcing part connected to the main body has a material cross-section which remains constant over the reinforcing part height, that is to say above the anchoring, the reinforcing part being lower than the main body. By this configuration, the reinforcing member may be formed consistently over its height. This makes it easy and inexpensive to produce. Due to the fact that the reinforcing part is lower than the main body, its additional statically stiffening effect does not already start at the upper end of the main body. There, the basic body is sufficient to absorb the loads. The reinforcing member provides its additional static stiffening effect only a little further down in the range of higher static loads at which the body would not be sufficient to ensure stability. As a result, the material use of the post is statically improved, whereby the post is cheaper to produce. On the other hand, this embodiment makes it possible to form a wall according to the invention significantly higher. The design remains pleasantly slim and elegant. The wall is inexpensive due to the economical use of materials in the production. The wall looks, in contrast to a high and uniformly thick wall, optically less powerful.
  • The reinforcing member may, viewed in the direction of the wall thickness, be arranged inside or outside of the base body. If the reinforcing part is arranged inside the basic body, the post has a constant wall thickness over its height. The wall thus remains very slim and has a simple elegance. If the reinforcing part is arranged outside the main body, the post has over its height a changing wall thickness on. A greater wall thickness in the direction of the ground anchorage provides a greater static effective height in the direction of the wall thickness. As a result, a high static load can be accommodated with little use of material, which reduces costs.
  • The at least one reinforcing member may be formed rod-shaped, tubular or post-like. Tubes or rods, especially wires can be easily and easily attached close to the main body of the post. As a result, they look visually inconspicuous. Rods or tubes usually form a reinforcement of the outer straps of a body. A post-like reinforcement member provides both over its height, both a reinforcement of the outer straps and a reinforcement of the post spacers.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the larger material cross-section on the bottom side is formed by one or more rod-shaped or tubular reinforcement parts and / or one or more carrier-like reinforcement parts, in particular symmetrically or asymmetrically inside or outside the base body. A combination of the different reinforcement parts and / or different possibilities of the arrangement on the base body allows an optimal formation of a post. The respective requirements can be taken into account in the best possible way, so that an optimal design of the respective post results.
  • An inventively designed post provides a variety of ways to design or optimize the wall thickness or the filling spaces. A more detailed description of various possibilities of the design can be found in particular in the description of the filling spaces and the associated figures.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall (1) according to the invention with at least two panels (2, 2 ') forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, the panels being arranged at a distance from each other, at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes with at least one Wandfüllraum (31) for filling material (32) and are attached to the post (4), wherein at least one partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filler to be accommodated in the wall filling, is at least one this post (4) is formed as a hollow body or solid body and the panels (2, 2 ') are mounted on the post (4) such that it has at least on one wall side an outside viewing surface.
  • A post as a solid body as well as a hollow body has a closed surface, which forms a structurally and thus optically different outer section in the respective wall side or panel. In this case, a hollow body as post also have small recesses or openings, as long as this broken surface sufficiently different from the appearance of the adjacent panels with the visible filling. At a z. B. tubular hollow body, this may preferably be covered or closed at its upper end. A particularly long wall thus acts optically loosened by the inventive posts, elegant and pleasant articulated. A Wandfüllkorb is formed according to the following description / s. In a wall with a post according to the invention is thus essential that the post between the two panels forming the wall sides is formed as a continuous component. The post is thus not to consist of two pairs in the direction of the wall thickness spaced apart individual posts.
  • Furthermore, the panels are at least on one of the two wall side mounted on the post so that they are spaced apart and do not obscure the post to the wall outside. Thus, the post, at least with a portion of its surface, the wall side formed by the panels interrupt. The at least one panel can be directly attached to one of the two opposite outer sides of the post and thus cover this outside. Conveniently, the panels can be attached to the post in such a way that it has an outside viewing surface on both sides of the wall.
  • In principle, the outer surface of the post can be arranged behind the plane or surface of the wall side. Preferably, however, the outer surface of the post is disposed approximately in the plane of the wall side or in front to emboss the visual appearance of the wall.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the post formed as a hollow or solid body of wood or plastic or mineral material is formed and it consists at least partially in particular of natural stone, preferably granite, or concrete. For example, a top-closed concrete pipe form the post.
  • The at least two panels can be connected directly or indirectly to the at least one post formed as a hollow or solid body. For a direct connection, the table z. B. attached to the post brackets, whereas in an indirect connection additional connecting parts are provided, via which the relative positioning of the panel to the post is individually adjustable.
  • The post may be largely arbitrarily shaped in its horizontal cross-section, but it must contain the at least one visible outer surface which is arranged in the wall outer side, said outer surface may be flat, curved and provided with a regular or irregular surface structure. Conveniently, the post in the horizontal cross section is rectangular, trapezoidal, hexagonal, round or formed in similar or other function fulfilling form. In this case, the cross section may be a solid cross section or a hollow cross section.
  • To increase the strength of the wall can be provided that the wall between the at least two panels has at least one additional stiffening vertically arranged metal posts. This metal post can derive vertical side bending forces occurring in the direction of the wall height and it can be arranged in particular adjacent to the at least one post. Regardless of the material of the post, and in particular with less rigid and durable material, the metal post in each case forms a stable permanent reinforcement of the wall, in particular against transversely acting forces on the wall. The metal post may be connected directly or indirectly to one of the posts and / or with at least one of the panels fixed and thus force-absorbing, wherein its arrangement in the wall expediently such that it does not appear to the outside substantially in appearance when the Wandfüllraum filled with filling material.
  • In a preferred embodiment, it can further be provided that the wall between at least two posts has at least one horizontally arranged stiffening component, which indirectly or directly derives along the wall length, in particular by wind load, horizontal bending forces in the posts. In contrast to the vertical metal post, the stiffening member is arranged horizontally and forms z. B. a mutual support and stiffening of the two panels and, when it is directly connected to at least one of the posts, form a particularly rigid structure. Preferably, a post according to the invention consists of concrete or natural stone, in particular granite, sandstone, basalt, marble and the like.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • An inventive post is anchored in the ground or subsoil. In his function as a post he makes the stability of a inventive Wall. The type of anchorage determines, together with the shape of the respective post, the transferable force into the ground. According to the theory of stability or statics, the force to be transmitted through a post or a foundation depends in particular on the load surface, ie the load influence width and the load influence height, and the load types to be applied for the surface or a single post. In a freestanding wall according to the invention, the wind load will usually be the determining force. Especially with low walls, for example, with a low-height slimming, it may be sufficient to dig in the post sufficiently deep.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall according to the invention, at least one post with a single foundation is anchored in the ground or underground. Single foundations are, in contrast to strip foundations, easier and cheaper to produce by the lower cost. At the same time, a single foundation provides a statically immaculate stability basis with little effort. In particular, concrete and reinforced concrete are the preferred materials for a foundation according to the invention.
  • It is quite common in practice that a fence should be replaced by another component. In most cases, a, compared to a fence, technical improvement, such as wind protection and / or sound insulation and / or visual protection, and / or optical enhancement, for example, by a visually appealing design by means of advantageous materials and / or surface structures and / or framing components desired , Improved protection against graffiti and / or a low-maintenance product and / or a particularly weather-resistant product are further desired improvements.
  • Frequently, existing fences or border fortifications are not constructed using easily removable, small individual foundations. In many cases, in particular at property boundaries, a strip foundation is erected. The known strip foundations usually have a width of about 10 cm to 25 cm. Often they are 15 cm or 20 cm wide. In most cases, the strip foundations are not ground level, Special have a free height of 10 cm to 50 cm. Often they are 15 to 30 cm high. Occasionally, a described improvement is desired even at the location of an existing floor slab. Such floor panels are usually 10 cm to 30 cm thick. Often they have a thickness of 15 cm to 20 cm. Floor slabs are flat components. A bottom plate has at least several square meters of area. In most cases, floor slabs have an area of 10 square meters to 100 square meters. Occasionally, they are also significantly larger or cover, for example, in industrial real estate or in inner city areas whole places.
  • Preferred embodiments of the invention provide a wall according to the invention which can be wholly or partly fixed to or on a described strip foundation and / or a floor slab.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall is formed with at least two panels (2, 2 ') forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction, the panels being arranged at a distance from one another , at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes with at least one Wandfüllraum (31) for filling material (32) and are attached to the post (4), wherein at least a partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filler material to be accommodated in Wandfüllraum. In this case, the floor in the region of the anchorage is at least partially a strip foundation or a floor slab and is in particular formed or produced from concrete or reinforced concrete.
  • With this design, the wall of the invention can be made on plate-like or strip-like solid surface, which is already created when attaching and anchoring the wall. Thus, this wall is different from known walls in which the foundation is formed only during the manufacture of the anchorage, as is the case for example when pouring a lower portion of the post by means of concrete in a concrete foundation.
  • Thus, the wall can now be created and anchored on existing older or short-term formed foundations or floor slabs. Moreover arise on such a substrate diverse mounting option for a statically secure and permanent anchoring of the wall. Such a strip foundation or bottom plate can thus also provide improved anchoring.
  • In a preferred embodiment, at least one of the posts at least one integrally connected to the post anchoring device, for. As a tube with a plate or wires welded to a plate, for anchoring the bottom of the post and / or the at least one post is rigidly connected to an anchoring device, in particular screwed. In this case, the anchoring device is anchored on the bottom side indirectly or directly. These embodiments of the invention are shown by way of example in the accompanying figures. The anchoring devices thus serve directly or indirectly to the rigid mounting of a post according to the invention.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, at least one anchoring device is connected by screws and / or potting material to the ground. In particular, the connection is made by transmission of tensile or shear force. The connection to the strip foundation or to the base plate takes place by means of a penetrating into the substrate component. For this purpose, at least one opening, for example a hole, is usually introduced into the ground from above or from the side. In the bore, a component of the anchoring device, such as a dowel screw connection tensile and / or shear resistant. For example, a wire or a metal rod may be cast or mortared in the opening. It is crucial in this fastening manner that the fastening means is force-transmitting fixed to the anchoring device of the wall according to the invention or the at least one post and connected to the existing strip foundation and / or the bottom plate. An anchoring device fastened to an upper side of a strip foundation or a base plate is usually claimed in tension. Tensile forces require a tensile strength secured Anchoring the fastener. This is expensive especially for large tensile forces. However, the optical design is excellent, since the anchoring device usually does not protrude when installed. An anchoring device attached to a side surface of a strip foundation or an edge side of a base plate is usually subjected to shear. Shear forces only require adequately sized fasteners. This is relatively inexpensive to reach. However, the optical design is usually conspicuous, since the anchoring device usually comes out visually when installed. In this case, the anchoring device itself is to make the best possible.
  • The anchoring device can be arranged inside or outside the filling basket. For the arrangement of the anchoring device inside or outside the filling basket, the respective intention of the user and / or a technical reason is decisive. An anchoring device within the filling basket is usually optically more pleasant. An anchoring device outside of the filling basket is usually easier to install because easier to reach.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the at least one post has one or more identical or different anchoring devices inside or outside the filling basket. This is especially important in a narrow existing mounting base in relation to the forces to be derived. A narrow mounting base requires a high mounting effort for comparatively large forces to be derived. With a mismatch of force to mounting base, it may even be static and / or technically impossible to secure a wall according to the invention exclusively by means of the narrow mounting base stable. This makes it advantageous to make one or more identical or different anchoring device (s) of a wall according to the invention wider than the existing mounting base. A portion of the anchoring device which extends beyond the existing fastening base on one side or on both sides is then to be anchored, for example, adjacent to the ground.
  • For example, in narrow strip foundations, this embodiment of the invention is particularly advantageous. Since a narrow strip foundation also provides only a narrow attachment base, it is advantageous to otherwise secure a broadened anchoring device, such as a widened post, adjacent to an existing strip foundation. This can be achieved simply and inexpensively, for example, by adding an additional foundation in addition to an existing strip foundation. The opposite of the narrow strip foundation widened formed portion of the post should then at least extend into the individual foundations so that he is securely anchored there.
  • The embodiment according to the invention also provides a method according to the invention in which the wall, in particular a post, is at least partially anchored to an already existing foundation, wherein the foundation is in particular a strip foundation or a base plate, which is preferably formed of concrete or reinforced concrete.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a wall according to the invention, at least one panel, preferably at least two panels (2, 2 '), and / or at least one post (4) and / or at least one stiffening component and / or a metal post is directly or indirectly in particular by means of screws and / or clamps and / or welding and / or a latching device connected to each other. By a solid connection creates a unit that ensures sufficient stability and the permanent function of a wall according to the invention.
  • The components of the wall, in particular panel, posts, stiffening component, metal posts, connecting parts such as screw-clamp fasteners or panel spacers are preferably detachably connected to each other. As a result, the components in the delivery state on a low transport volume, thereby saving costs. In addition, this preferred embodiment is very sustainable and therefore environmentally friendly, since a wall according to the invention can be dismantled if necessary with little effort non-destructive. The individual components thus continue to have their original state shape and can therefore be reused.
  • The detachable connection of the panels and posts is preferably made by screwing, clamping or hanging. The necessary components and / or training or additions to the components are simple and inexpensive to produce. As a result, a wall according to the invention is also comparatively quick and easy to set up in places which are difficult to access and / or require special protection, for example in protected areas or valuable gardens.
  • There are various design options for screws, clamps or screw clamping elements. The figures show exemplary embodiments. By means of a latching device according to the invention, two components of a wall according to the invention can be fixed to one another in a connecting manner. For this purpose, a latching device is formed and / or fixed to at least one of the two components to be connected. When connecting by hanging preferably additionally molded sections are made to the posts and / or the panels. Preferably, these sections have an upwardly and / or downwardly open U-shape.
  • A latching device is produced, for example, by hook-shaped projections or supplementary components, for example on a panel and / or a post and / or a stiffening component and / or a metal post.
  • A post has in a preferred embodiment, for example, molded, upstanding hooks. By means of these hooks, for example, a board, in particular a lattice panel, a wire mesh panel, a double rod mat or a flat wire mat is hung. Preferably, the panel is due to the Gravity in the hook and thus fixed to the post. After filling the filling space, the panels are then secured by the filling material against the force of gravity on the post.
  • The panels and / or the posts and / or the stiffening components have in a design as a grid or lattice girders usually a regular grid in the horizontal and / or vertical direction. It is advantageous for optical and / or technical reasons if the grid is either identical in one or both directions or has a multiple of a common divider or sub-grid. This results in a pleasant visual design. In most cases, simplified technical requirements for the arrangement and connection of the components of the wall arise. For example, a latching device usually sets a common grid or at least a common sub-grid or divider. An often occurring in lattice panels and lattice grid is, for example, 20 cm. A usually smallest common grid and at the same time a divider or partial grid is 2.5 cm. In between are the known grid or partial grid 5cm, 7.5 cm, 10 cm and 15 cm. Usual production tolerances are to be taken into account as tolerances in the dimensions.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall according to the invention, at least two of its components, in particular one or more panels and / or posts and / or stiffening components, are based on this grid principle. In particular, the height grid, ie in the vertical direction is equal to or a multiple of 2.5 cm or 5 cm or 10 cm or 20 cm and in particular 20 cm. These dimensions are common in practice. Many prefabricated lattice or lattice girders, in particular semi-finished products, have these rasters or partial rasters. This facilitates the selection and expands the possibilities of the technical combination and / or design of the components of a wall according to the invention, taking into account a visually pleasing design. The panels and the posts carrying them form in their combination and arrangement a wall filling basket according to the invention with at least one wall filling space (31) for filling material.
  • The respective smaller pitch of posts and / or panels is usually smaller or equal in relation to the particular grain size of the filler to be used in order to hold the filler in the filling can. This prevents falling out of the filling material from the filling space.
  • A wall according to the invention preferably has a wall thickness which is constant over the height of the post or different, in particular decreases towards the upper end. A constant wall thickness usually requires a repetitive same shape of the respective components of the wall. This simplifies the shape and manufacture of the components and simplifies or facilitates the processing and assembly of the wall components. As a result, a wall according to the invention is simple and inexpensive to produce.
  • A different wall thickness and in particular a decreasing wall thickness towards the upper end makes it possible to take into account the respective design and / or static specifications. As a result, a wall thus formed is usually designed to be static and / or optically optimized. At the same time, the wall is as material-saving and therefore cost-effective.
  • It is also advantageous if the wall thickness or the width of the filling space in relation to the width of the associated posts or lattice posts is the same, smaller or larger. For example, when using screw clamp fasteners to connect lattice posts and panels, the wall thickness can be changed by rotating the screw clamp fasteners about the vertical axis, or, for example, at the lattice post are multiple vertical wires for mounting screw clamp fasteners available. The post width is thus independent of the thickness of the wall. Thereby, the grid post and in particular the post width can be optimally formed according to the desired appearance and the static requirements. Independently of this, the wall thickness can be determined according to the protective task and the desired optics. Especially with expensive filling material such as marble gravel are particularly thin for cost reasons Walls of for example 120 mm or 90 mm or even 70 mm desired. This is possible by this preferred embodiment, even with large wall heights of, for example, 200 cm or 250 cm or even 300 cm.
  • In an advantageous embodiment, the wall thickness of the Wandfüllkorbs is equal to or smaller than the respective width of an associated post and / or an associated stiffening member and / or an associated metal post.
  • As a result, a wall component such as, for example, an associated post and / or stiffening component and / or metal post, optically exits the wall surface or out of the surface. Thus, this wall component in relation to the wall surface of Wandfüllkorbs a gestaltendes and structuring component. In each case one or more components can emerge framing in this way. For example, in a multi-piece continuously extending wall structure, one or both sides, opposite or offset in the direction of the wall length, at each filling basket or only some Füllkörben, in a repeating rhythm or in an irregular arrangement, one or more of the designated wall components make his optical effect the wall of the invention. The creative possibilities are thus almost unlimited.
  • In addition, this advantageous embodiment can be used for statically optimized formation of the wall. Wall components such as, for example, a post and / or a stiffening component and / or a metal post, in addition to their design feature, also always fulfill a function of stability. By their emergence, they are preferably wider and thus have a higher static effective height in the bending direction. This allows them to derive higher bending forces. The adjacent arranged filling basket can be made correspondingly slimmer.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, one or more identical or different wall filling spaces are formed side by side and / or one above the other in the vertical direction in the bending direction.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention is a Wandfüllraum or more Wandfüllräume completely or partially filled with the same or different filler material, in particular with mineral filler material and preferably with natural stone in the form of pebbles or gravel.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, a Wandfüllraum a Wandfüllkorbs and / or a Pfostenfüllraum a Pfostenfüllkorbs is completely or partially filled with the same or different filler material, especially with mineral filler material and preferably with natural stone in the form of pebbles or gravel.
  • Due to the configuration of the invention by means of one or more of the three aforementioned advantageous embodiments of the invention, there are a number of possibilities for designing the wall according to the invention. The user has a free choice as to which filling chamber he wants to fill with which filling material. The production and arrangement of the filling spaces is simple and inexpensive. The number of filling spaces and their arrangement is freely selectable according to the individual requirements. In the figures, these various possibilities of the arrangement are exemplified.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention has a Wandfüllraum spaced from the panels at least one, in particular over the entire surface or part of the area, vertically or horizontally, longitudinally or transversely to the wall arranged holding structure for the spatial fixation of at least one layer of material. A support structure may be, for example, at least one additional mat or sheet or rod or tube or the like. The holding structure can be permanently fixed in the filling basket. However, it can also be arranged in the filling space only until the filling spaces adjacent to a respective holding structure are filled. Subsequently, the holding structure can be removed from the filling space. This makes it easy and inexpensive possible to set a desired filling material in a given place in a particular filling space. The desired filling material is, for example, a sound-insulating mat that runs lengthwise the wall is spaced from the adjacent panels in the filling space. Or a specific area of a filling space is filled, for example, in any geometric shape for design reasons with a certain filling material. This embodiment of the invention provides a number of possibilities for designing the wall according to the invention. The user thus has the free choice of which filling space he wants to design with which geometric figure by means of colored or structurally different filling materials.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention and in particular filling spaces according to the invention. In principle, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • A wall according to the invention has at least one filling space filled with filling material. In most cases, the wall is exposed by their intended use of the weather. Not only are the components of the wall technically durable. The filling material should also be sufficiently weather-tolerant or weather-resistant for this application.
  • The filler is preferably a mineral filler. The filler is preferably a rock such as granite, porphyry, sandstone, limestone, tuff, marble and the like. In a preferred embodiment, a wall according to the invention has a particularly porous filling material. Porous filling material usually has particularly good sound-absorbing and / or sound-absorbing properties. Such a filler material is for example lava rock, expanded glass, expanded clay or expanded mica.
  • It is also possible to use industrially molded material such as bricks, concrete, aerated concrete and the like. Even earths such as clay, clay, marl or humus are possible with appropriate technical training of the wall, in particular the filling basket. For this purpose, an inventive Wall preferably has a sufficiently impermeable layer, in particular a close-meshed and / or foil-like intermediate layer, which prevents falling out of the filling material from the filling basket.
  • The filler material preferably has a pourable form. The form is mostly pebbles, gravel, chippings, gravel or broken rocks. The bulk density of the filler is usually between 0.2 kg / liter and 2.0 kg / liter or 200 kg / cubic meter and 2000 kg / cubic meter. The respective bulk density of the designated filling materials is given in construction tables, in particular in the textbooks for statics.
  • For the filling material, various mixtures of different particle sizes are available. These are usually divided into so-called Sieblinien. Common because standardized grading lines, especially for gravel and grit, from the construction industry, for example, 0 - 1 mm, 0 - 4 mm, 1 - 4 mm, 2 - 4 mm, 4 - 8 mm, 8 - 16 mm, 16 - 32 mm, 32 - 64 mm, 32 - X mm and 64 - X mm. In addition, grain grades of attractive natural stone such as 40 mm - 80 mm or 60 mm - 150 mm are offered.
  • For the design of the wall it follows:
    The tighter the grid, the more impermeable the grid becomes for a filler. The smallest clear width between the bars determines the average minimum size of the grain of the filler. The smaller the grain size of the filler, the less wall thickness is required to make the wall opaque. This saves material costs, labor costs and land area. At the same time, the static effect of the grid mat is increased by a narrow grid. More grid bars and more knots make the grid mat statically stiffer. The deflection is reduced and the disk effect increases. This is especially important for posts or stiffening elements.
    The farther the grid, the less mesh material is needed and the grid mat becomes cheaper. At the same time, the filling material is visually more effective, as it is covered by less mesh material. With fewer bars and less knots, the grid mat becomes statically softer. When using As a panel of a wall therefore more spacers per unit area are used to compensate.
  • A smallest grid of 100 mm requires a correspondingly large grain size of the filling material. Therefore, a wall must be made significantly thicker to achieve opacity. Depending on the shape and mixture of the filling material and the wire diameter or the clear width of the grid requires, for example, 30 cm or 35 cm or 40 cm minimum wall thickness. For example, for a breaking material with a grain size from 80 mm is quite suitable. A grain size from 90 mm is already kept safe as round grain.
  • A smallest grid of 50 mm requires a significantly lower grain size of the filling material. Therefore, a wall with a smaller wall thickness can be made to achieve opacity. Depending on the shape and mixture of the filling material and the wire diameter or the clear width of the grid requires, for example, 22 cm or 25 cm or 28 cm minimum wall thickness. For example, a fracture material with a grain size from 35 mm is quite suitable. Grain size from 40 mm is already safe as a round grain.
  • A smallest grid of 35 mm requires even lower grain size of the filling material. Therefore, a wall with even smaller wall thickness can be made to achieve opacity. Depending on the shape and mixture of the filler material and the wire diameter or the clear width of the grid requires, for example, only 16 cm or 18 cm or 20 cm minimum wall thickness. For example, a fracture material with a grain size from 25 mm is quite suitable. Grain size from 28 mm is already safe as a round grain.
  • A smallest grid of 25 mm requires an extremely low grain size of the filling material. Therefore, a wall with a very small wall thickness can be made to achieve opacity. Depending on the shape and mixture of the filling material and the wire diameter or the clear width of the Grid requires, for example, only 10 cm or 12 cm or 14 cm minimum wall thickness. For example, a fracture material with a grain size from 16 mm is quite suitable. Grain size from 18 mm is already safe as a round grain.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with respect to the panels and their recesses of a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall (1) is formed with at least two panels (2, 2 ') forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the longitudinal direction of the wall, the panels being separated from one another spaced apart, at least two sides of a Wandfüllkorbes with at least one Wandfüllraum (31) for filling material (32) and are attached to the post (4), wherein at least a partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filler material to be accommodated in Wandfüllraum .
    wherein the wall has at least two material layers made of a different material over the entire surface or part of the surface vertically and along the wall.
  • The wall according to the invention offers the possibility, by specific selection of the two material layers certain wall properties such. B. to optimize the sound insulation at the same time visually appealing exterior, the wall can be made very narrow compared to gabion walls. Thus, a high sound insulation, a high sound absorption and a high sound insulation can be achieved. Nevertheless, an inventive, due to the supporting post lean wall, inexpensive, very safe against vandalism, easy to clean and durable. One of the material layers may consist of a filler material such. B. bulk material in the form of pebbles and the other layer of material may consist of an additional material.
  • Conveniently, the panels and the pillars supporting them form a Wandfüllkorb with at least one Wandfüllraum for filler, preferably one or more identical or different material layers adjacent or spaced within the Wandfüllkorbs and / or adjacent to the Wandfüllkorb. This results in a number of possibilities for designing the wall according to the invention. In the figures, these various possibilities of the arrangement are exemplified.
  • Preferably, at least two material layers have one or more different technical and / or optical properties. As a result, both technical and optical requirements, for example with regard to a specific quality of the surface structure, can be met with a wall according to the invention.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, at least one material layer is sound-absorbing and / or sound-absorbing and in particular has a porous and / or fissured surface structure. As a result, a wall according to the invention provides a high level of sound insulation. Thus, the wall can be used not only in private or public real estate, but especially in traffic and road construction for sound insulation tasks with increased requirements. In particular, together with the described further possibilities of an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the wall, for example, in highways, railways or bypasses the given requirements, in particular with respect to soundproofing fulfill.
  • The necessary properties provide, in particular, one or more material layers of mineral and / or vegetable and / or animal and / or metallic and / or artificially produced material. In particular, at least one material layer is a bulk material and / or a wool material and / or a mat material and / or a plate material and / or a foil material. Preferably, at least one material layer is at least partially from sand, volcanic rock, foam glass, glass wool, rock wool, animal wool, vegetable wool, foam, rubber, plastic, especially polycarbonate, wood or metal. Polycarbonate sheets are usually called plexiglass sheets.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the Wandfüllraum is divided by at least one component in, preferably arranged in the wall longitudinal direction, wall part spaces. As a result, the wall has at least two filling areas which are arranged over the whole area or over part of the area vertically and along the wall. These filling spaces are preferably filled with the specified materials according to the respective requirements. In particular, one or more of the panels adjacent visible Wandfüllräume, ie the two opposite sides of view, filled with the same or different filling material. This ensures a visually perfect design.
  • Preferably, one or more or all sound-absorbing and / or sound-absorbing material layers are arranged at a distance from the panels in the wall filling space (31) and thus concealed. As a result, for example, optically unattractive but technically particularly effective material is arranged within a filling basket. At the same time, the wall according to the invention has a visually perfect design.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall element is formed, which is circumferentially closed and a Wandfüllkorb with at least one Wandfüllraum (31) for filling material (32) limited, wherein two panels (2, 2 ') form the two longitudinal sides of the wall element and spaced from each other are arranged and the wall element has a wall-like slim basic shape, wherein at least one partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filler material to be accommodated in the wall filling space, wherein at least one further panel forms a bottom of the wall filling basket of the wall element, which is impermeable to the filling material.
  • A wall element according to the invention is already prefabricated as a filling basket by virtue of its formation with respect to a filling basket of individual parts to be joined. This shortens, for example, the assembly times at the installation site. In particular, a wall element according to the invention thereby has the advantages described below.
  • An inventive wall element is suitable by its formation for a filling prior to its installation at the installation. The place of filling and the installation site can be in particular different places. The wall element is particularly suitable for a factory filling. It can be transported and assembled in the filled state.
  • Filling a filling space at the place of its assembly, that is at its location at the client, has several disadvantages. For example, the required technical equipment must be transported to the installation site and brought back again. The scope and technical quality of the equipment is therefore usually limited for cost reasons. In addition, when filling at the installation site, the filler material usually can not be compacted or only at considerable expense. When filling at the installation site, the required filling material must be determined in advance according to the quantity. If the filling material is insufficient, it must be redone. If the material is too much, it must be brought back. When filling at the installation site, the installation takes longer. The assembly, however, is a costly crafting achievement. Often, a long assembly time or basically a filling at the installation site for organizational reasons or due to local conditions, for example in road and road construction especially on highways and other intensively used roads, or in tight spaces such as in urban areas or objects with fixed and /or short schedule, unwanted or disadvantageous or even impossible. Also due to adverse weather conditions at the installation site, such as rain, snow, frost or heat, the filling at the installation is undesirable or disadvantageous or even impossible. Filling at the installation site is thus often cost-intensive and / or difficult or even impossible.
  • By means of the wall element according to the invention, these disadvantages can be avoided.
  • An inventive wall element is filled prior to assembly. The technical equipment usually does not need to be transported anymore. Instead, the filled wall element is transported. The technical equipment at the place of filling can thus be formed optimized. It is preferably formed as a permanent device at the filling, for example, in terms of their quality, their scope and their task, optimized formed. The filling material can be compressed at the filling point in the filling basket, in particular with little effort. The filling material is preferably stored at the filling location. Transports of the filling material to and from the installation omitted as well as a predetermination of the filling quantity for a filling at the installation site. The installation of an already filled wall element at the installation takes only a short time and is therefore particularly cost. With this type of installation, the assembly changes from a manual performance to a mounting service with a correspondingly more favorable cost approach. By a wall element according to the invention, the assembly time is extremely shortened. As a result, the use or assembly of a wall element according to the invention, for example, for organizational reasons or due to local conditions, for example in road and road construction especially in highways and other intensively used roads, or in tight spaces such as in urban areas or objects fixed and / or short schedule, simple and inexpensive possible and in particular only be used or assembled. Even with adverse weather conditions at the installation site, such as rain, snow, frost or heat, an inventive wall element is simplified and cheaper or even usable or mountable.
  • In order for a wall element according to the invention is simplified and / or inexpensive and / or inexpensive fillable, transportable and mountable.
  • In particular, by a factory production or mass production, a wall element according to the invention is inexpensive and / or technically optimized under technically optimal conditions and / or produced. For example, in a factory production, the connections of the components of a wall element according to the invention can be simplified and produced inexpensively, in particular by welding. This is much cheaper and more static and also usually technically optimal than the use of, for example, terminals or screws or preformed or hinged panel spacers. This is especially important for iron or steel. Iron or steel must, in contrast to, for example, corrosion-resistant stainless steel, be protected against corrosion. After applying the corrosion protection, however, a violation or risk of corrosion protection, for example by welding, should be avoided. In most cases, the corrosion protection is inexpensive and durable produced by a dip melt coating. A dip melt coating is factory made. At the installation site or in the installed state, this is no longer possible. Therefore, welding at the installation is usually limited and usually not recommended.
  • An inventive wall element is thus easy and inexpensive to produce. A wall element according to the invention is in particular a component of a wall according to the invention.
  • A wall element according to the invention has, in particular with regard to its length, width, height, slenderness and further wall properties, the properties of a wall already described according to the invention. Thus, a wall element according to the invention differs significantly from gabions.
  • Compared to gabions, which by design have a block-like shape, is a wall element according to the invention, in particular as a component of an inventive Wall, slim and space saving. Furthermore, the transport costs, especially per square meter wall surface, low.
  • An inventive wall element or a wall according to the invention is visually appealing and easy to care for, inexpensive, easy and quick to produce and assemble.
  • A particular advantage of a wall element according to the invention or a wall according to the invention is that the wall surface, by virtue of its peculiarity, provides high protection against graffiti. The wall surface is not a smooth or even surface. Applied graphics or representations are not represented by the rugged structure in the desired Graffitisprayer type and quality, making it hardly suitable for graffiti or even at all. In addition, graffiti that has been applied anyway can be easily removed without having to replace the filler material. You just turn the affected parts of the filling material, so that the graffiti is no longer visually perceptible. The colored parts of the filling basket are covered cost-effectively with suitable color.
  • In a particular embodiment of the wall element according to the invention this is made of one or more of the described panels or lattice panels. In particular, bent or bevelled shaped factory-produced lattice mats are particularly cost-effective and easy to make available as a component of a wall element according to the invention.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall element has at least two panels as wall longitudinal sides, at least two panels as wall front sides and at least one floor according to the invention. One or more of the panels are manufactured lattice mats or wire mesh mats and / or lattice girder or wire girder, which are connected in particular by welding on the boundary sides. Thus, an inventive wall element is simple and inexpensive to produce. The wall element is thus technically, in particular static, excellently formed. It can if necessary several panels are arranged one above the other at wall height and fastened together.
  • In a particularly simple, inexpensive and technically advantageous embodiment of this preferred embodiment, the at least two panels of the longitudinal wall sides of double rod mats and / or flat wire mats are formed as described. As a result, the wall element has the advantages of these double rod mats and / or flat wire mats according to the invention. For example, a wall element according to the invention, regardless of the wall thickness, has a wall length of about 250 cm corresponding to the usual length of double rod mats and / or flat wire mats of mostly about 250 cm.
  • In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall element has at least two panels as wall longitudinal sides. One or more of these panels are preferably folded at one or both ends. Due to the fold, a wall front side is wholly or partially formed. The wall element furthermore has at least one base according to the invention. One or more of the panels are manufactured lattice mats or wire mesh mats, which are connected in particular by welding on the boundary sides. Thus, an inventive wall element is simple and inexpensive to produce. The wall element is thus technically, in particular static, excellently formed. If necessary, several panels can be arranged one above the other at wall height and fastened together.
  • In a particularly simple, inexpensive and technically advantageous embodiment of this preferred embodiment, the at least two panels of the longitudinal wall sides of double rod mats and / or flat wire mats are formed as described. As a result, the wall element has the advantages of these double rod mats and / or flat wire mats according to the invention. For example, a wall element according to the invention, depending on the wall thickness, has a wall length of about 230 cm for a wall thickness of about 20 cm or a wall length of about 225 cm for a wall thickness of about 25 cm or a wall length of about 30 cm for a wall thickness of about 220 cm in accordance with the usual length of double rod mats and / or flat wire mats of mostly about 250 cm.
  • In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, a wall element has at least one panel as wall longitudinal sides and wall front sides forming component. The at least one panel is preferably formed bevelled. The folds a filling basket is formed with at least two long sides and at least two wall faces. The wall element furthermore has at least one base according to the invention. The at least one panel is a factory-made grid mat or wire mesh mat, which in particular by welding at its two end faces with itself and at the lower boundary sides forming a basket is connected to the at least one floor. Thus, an inventive wall element is simple and inexpensive to produce. The wall element is thus technically, in particular static, excellently formed. If necessary, several panels can be arranged one above the other at wall height and fastened together.
  • In a particularly simple, inexpensive and technically advantageous embodiment of this preferred embodiment, the at least one panel is formed by a double rod mat and / or a flat wire mat according to the description made. As a result, the wall element has the advantages of these double rod mats and / or flat wire mats according to the invention. For example, a wall element according to the invention, depending on the wall thickness, with a wall thickness of about 10 cm has a wall length of about 115 cm or with a wall thickness of about 15 cm a wall length of about 110 cm or with a wall thickness of about 20 cm a wall length of about 105 cm or at a wall thickness of about 25 cm, a wall length of about 100 cm corresponding to the usual length of double rod mats and / or flat wire mats of mostly about 250 cm on. At a thickness of about 30 cm, a device according to the invention has a length of about 95 cm or at a thickness of about 35 cm a length of about 90 cm or at a thickness of about 45 cm has a length of about 80 cm or at a thickness of about 55 cm a length of about 70 cm. With a leg length of about 63 cm, the component would be approximately square shaped in cross section. According to the description, these components are not the walls but the post assigned.
  • An inventive wall element is at least partially filled in the transport or delivery condition with filler. The advantages have already been described. A partial filling is advantageous, for example, if the further filling at the installation site brings advantages. One advantage is, for example, the ability to provide various mounting options at the assembly site at an unfilled location of the wall element, where the filling basket must be accessible or at least partially unfilled.
  • An inventive wall element has at least one support device for lifting or transporting the wall element in the unfilled as well as in the filled state. As a result, a wall element according to the invention is simple and, in particular, statically safe to lift and / or transport and / or to assemble. Various advantageous embodiments of a carrying device according to the invention are shown for example in the figures.
  • It is particularly advantageous if the wall element has at least two support devices and the support devices are arranged in particular at the points of maximum static passage action. An inventive wall element has according to the teaching of statics usually a line load. The support devices are therefore preferably spaced from the wall ends to arrange. As a result, one or more fields arise statically between the two or more support devices and two lateral cantilevers in the direction of the two wall ends of the edge arranged support devices. For example, two supporting devices divide the wall element length into one field and two lateral cantilevers, the optimum field length being about 60% of the wall element length and the two cantilevers each having a length of about 20% of the field length. For example, three support devices divide the wall element length into two panels and two lateral cantilevers, with the optimum field length being about 36% of the wall element length and the two cantilevers each having a length of about 14% of the field length. For an exact determination The optimal locations of the respective support devices and an optimal technical design of the support devices is to lead for a particular embodiment, a static proof. The principle of the fields and cantilevers, in particular the arrangement of the support devices according to the flow principle of the teaching of the stability or the static to form a continuous support, is an inventive design of the wall element.
  • In particular, two support devices are particularly advantageous in the application. They automatically have the same tensile forces, can be produced with cost-effective and in particular frequently existing starting materials and safely, quickly and inexpensively lift and cancel with known hoists.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the wall element has at least one stiffening component. A stiffening component according to the invention has, in particular with regard to design, length, width, arrangement in or on a wall according to the invention and other properties, the properties of a stiffening component already described according to the invention.
  • In a preferred embodiment, a stiffening component forms a lateral boundary of the wall element and is in particular formed as a bottom-side or top-side or end-side boundary of the wall element. As a result, in the case of a wall element according to the invention, a lateral boundary is provided which simultaneously reinforces the wall element in an improved manner. The improved stiffening is especially advantageous for large wall lengths and / or large wall heights and / or particularly small wall thicknesses and / or large slenderness of the wall element. For this purpose, for application to a wall element according to the invention, reference is made to the described wall dimensions, wall slenderness and their significance or application for a wall according to the invention of this description.
  • In a preferred embodiment of a wall element according to the invention, the wall element has at least one vertically arranged stiffening component and / or at least one metal post, which or the one above the bottom side projecting the wall element and is formed as a post to the bottom anchorage.
  • Exemplary embodiments are shown in the accompanying figures. A vertically disposed stiffening member and / or at least one metal post projecting over the bottom side of the wall member and formed as a post for anchoring to the ground replaces each additional post for statically securing the wall member as part of a wall according to the invention. Preferably, all required posts are provided by the wall element. A stiffening component and / or a metal post may be arranged inside or outside a filling basket. A stiffening component and / or a metal post can in particular form an end-face boundary of the wall element and / or replace another intended or required end-side boundary. As a result, the wall element is particularly simple and inexpensive to produce. This advantageous embodiment is particularly suitable for combination with the described particularly simple, inexpensive and technically advantageous designs with double rod mats and / or flat wire mats.
  • This makes it possible to provide a wall element for assembly, which is already completely assembled from all required components to form a wall according to the invention. In this case, the wall element may be unfilled prior to assembly. It then provides a filling basket with at least one filling space for filling with filling material. By, in particular factory, manufacturing a wall element according to the invention the assembly times and installation costs are reduced. The wall element is, in particular by factory production, simple and inexpensive to produce.
  • Preferably, however, such a wall element is completely or at least partially filled with filling material. The weight of a filled wall element then requires that a used stiffening component and / or a metal post have sufficient stability and / or the wall element has sufficient stiffening components and / or metal posts.
  • The bottom of a wall element according to the invention may be arranged at the lower end of the wall filling basket or spaced therefrom in the wall filling basket.
  • The above-described advantages and embodiments of a wall element according to the invention are also advantageous to apply spatially formed posts, according to the invention described posts, a wall according to the invention.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, a wall according to the invention is formed with at least one wall element according to the invention, wherein the wall has at least one pre-described, uniformly formed with the wall element posts and / or at least one post formed separately from the wall element, wherein the wall in total at least two posts has, the posts are anchored on the bottom side and the wall element with the at least two posts directly or indirectly connected and / or held by the at least two posts.
  • Thus, one or more of the posts required for a wall according to the invention can already be provided with the wall element or separately therefrom, in particular at the installation site. A post provided, for example, at the assembly location is usually adjacent, in particular at the front, arranged on at least one wall element and connected to the wall element. As a result, the wall or the wall element can be optimally formed according to the respective local or technical requirements.
  • A wall element according to the invention is very sustainable and therefore environmentally friendly, since the wall element can, if required, be removed without destruction from the previous installation and use location. Because the wall element still has its original state shape, it can therefore be reused.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • In a preferred embodiment, at least two components of the wall, in particular a panel (2) and / or a post (4, 35) and / or metal post and / or a stiffening component, at least in each adjacent area for attachment to each other at least a portion of wire (37, 42). In a particularly advantageous embodiment, at least one connection between the one wire (37, 42) of one component (35) and the other wire (13, 15) of the other component (2) is provided by a screw-clamping device comprising at least two wires. Fixing element (12) made directly.
  • The connections via screw-clamp fasteners are to be used in largely arbitrary arrangements. They have a high flexibility in their use. It must only be present at least two pieces of wire of the parts to be connected, which are then releasably connected together with a screw-clamp fastener.
  • Through the use of wires and screw-clamp fasteners or parts, the wall is universally applicable and customizable on site the individual circumstances. A screw-clamp fastener of the type shown, two wires that touch at any angle or parallel to each other, with any rotational angle of the parallel axes, are arranged, tensile strength in the longitudinal direction and connect in the transverse direction. Thus, without detailed planning preparation during assembly, the individual parts such as posts, panels or stiffening elements can be connected together in any arrangement to form a unit. By removing or manipulating wire parts, there are further customization options. All these options remain after the initial assembly. Another one Any design of the parts to a new shape is possible at any time and repeatedly without planning preparation.
  • It is particularly advantageous to use a screw-clamp fastener or screw-clamp part, whereby two wires or rods at any point and / or in any angular position to each other and / or in any rotational position to each other can be fixed. Such a screw-clamp fastening element usually has two mutually rotatably arranged halves or clamping parts. Both halves usually have at least one molded receiving area for a wire section and are usually connected by means of a screw.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • Preferably, at least two panel spacers are distributed in the area on both sides to connect panels arranged opposite one another. A Wandfüllkorb is usually filled with a bulk material such as pebbles or gravel or similar material with flow properties. As a result, in particular in the lower region of a wall filling basket, pressure forces are generated on the panels which would force the filling basket apart without any technical resistance. Panel spacers absorb these pressure forces and stabilize the wall thickness. On a common surface of about 250 cm in length and about 180 cm height of a wall is distributed usually 20 to 25 simple panel spacers according to the compressive forces occurring. For improved panels such as inventively matched double rod mats or flat wire mats satisfy less than 20 pieces. This applies analogously to panel spacers, which are welded to the panels or made of thicker material.
  • The Tafel spacers are therefore suitable to determine the wall thickness of Wandfüllkorbs according to their length. By appropriate arrangement of panel spacers of different lengths, for example, concave or convex or wavy walls can be formed. Plate spacers are formed, for example, as a wire. They are usually hooked or interwoven on the boards. They can also be welded to the panels, preferably being integrally formed in the delivery condition. Such filling baskets, with or without bottom, are provided according to the invention for spatial posts or wall elements.
  • The panel spacers according to the invention fulfill by their tensile strength, and only then, an important static function. The panel spacers stabilize a filled wall with respect to deflection of its wall surface. The filling, in particular with good verkantendem or verkrallendem or compacting filler material such as gravel, takes in a filling space according to the invention at a deflection of the wall surface, the recording of the compressive forces in the direction of the wall thickness, in the direction of the wall height and in the direction of the wall length. The denser or more unyielding the filler is, the better the filler absorbs the compressive forces. For example, it is advantageous to shake the filler. Prerequisite for this property is that the filling material is pressure resistant. In particular mineral filling material is usually good or high pressure resistant. The panel spacers take over the absorption of the tensile forces in the direction of the wall thickness. The panels arranged on both sides take over the absorption of the tensile forces in the direction of the wall length and in the direction of the wall height.
  • This overall design of the wall surface creates an effect similar to a plate according to the teaching of statics. Without the statically indispensable element that make up the panel spacers, this effect would not arise. Therefore, a possible tensile strength training of panel spacers is particularly important. In particular, in the case of the wall elements, which are preferably already uniformly formed at the factory, this is possible in a simplified manner by means of a welded connection to the panels.
  • The description represents further advantageous embodiments, in particular with regard to further wall components and their connections to form a wall according to the invention. Basically, all disclosed features are essential to the invention and form the invention individually or in any desired combinations.
  • It is advantageous if a post or a lattice post and / or a panel and / or a stiffening component or stiffening element and / or a screw-clamp fastening element and / or a panel spacer and / or a metal post made of metal, in particular iron , Steel or stainless steel or cast metal, is formed. Metal or steel is inexpensive to manufacture and has a high strength. Therefore, metal can be subjected to high static loads with little use of materials. This reduces the cross-sections, improves the look and reduces costs. Metal is good, easy, safe and inexpensive workable and, in particular by welding or clamping, well connectable. A materially uniform design of posts and panels, in particular of the basic material wire, promotes the optical shape.
  • There are metals with different properties, such as different surfaces or different strengths available. In metal construction, the material is usually smooth. For example, the material quality of steel should be at least S 235 (formerly St37), S 275, S355 or higher (order of increasing strength). In reinforced concrete, the surface is often ribbed. But it can also be smooth. For example, the material quality of reinforcing steel should be (order of increasing strength) at least Bst 420, Bst 500/550, Bst 600/650, Bst 700/750 or higher.
  • Corrosion-prone metals such as iron or steel are preferred for corrosion protection and to improve the look galvanized and / or powder-coated or painted. Galvanized steel or stainless steel or cast metal is very durable and weather resistant. Stainless steel is expensive, but does not corrode. Iron or steel can be produced very inexpensively with a corrosion protection layer. One Permanent corrosion protection is inexpensive and easy to produce by a corrosion protection layer in the form of a galvanic coating or a dip melt coating. In particular, a dip melt coating can be applied in various thicknesses and thus offers a particularly long-lasting corrosion protection. For galvanic coatings, chromium, zinc, aluzinc and galfan are known materials. In a dip-melt coating, galvanizing or hot-dip galvanizing is well known. Alternatively, an aluzinc outer jacket is applied. A typical embodiment is the type AZ 185. A further advantageous embodiment is a Galfan hot-dip coating. For this, a melt with 95% zinc and 5% aluminum is often used.
  • In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the wall has more than two panels and / or more than two posts and / or more than one stiffening component and / or more than one metal post. These components of the wall preferably form a multipart, continuously extending wall construction.
  • In particular, the wall thickness of the filling space and / or the height and / or the length of the panels are formed the same or different.
  • In this case, the longitudinal alignment and / or height alignment is aligned and / or angled. The design and technical requirements in gardening and landscaping, in the private garden or in public spaces and in traffic and road construction are very diverse. Optical and technical issues must be met. A wall as a design object and / or with a technical use must therefore be flexibly adaptable to these requirements, in particular on site.
  • A wall with the aforementioned features meets all these requirements and is simple, fast and inexpensive to manufacture and process. It is statically secure and optically optimally formed. It is achieved with the least possible effort the best possible result. In particular, the components, such as, for example, panels, posts or stiffening components, are optimally adapted with regard to the intended use of the wall according to the invention. Regarding the static Properties is considered the best possible utilization of the material used. It also achieves an optimal optical result. Also, an optimal technical result, especially for use as a screen, sound insulation or wind protection is achieved. The wall is optimized for its manufacture and processing.
  • The invention will be explained in more detail by means of exemplary embodiments with reference to the drawing. It shows:
  • Fig. 1
    in a perspective view of a wall with two lattice posts and two spaced panels, which is filled with pebbles;
    Fig. 2
    in horizontal cross-sectional views a) to l) different embodiments of lattice posts;
    Fig. 3
    each in horizontal cross-sectional views and in side views a) to f) different embodiments of lattice posts;
    Fig. 4
    each in horizontal cross-sectional views and in side views a) to e) different embodiments of lattice posts;
    Fig. 5
    each in horizontal cross-sectional views and in side views a) to d) different embodiments of lattice posts;
    Fig. 6
    in perspective views a) to c) different embodiments of screw-clamp connection parts;
    Fig. 7
    in perspective views a) to c) further embodiments of screw-clamp connection parts;
    Fig. 8
    in perspective views a) and b) further embodiments of screw-clamp connection parts;
    Fig. 9
    in perspective view a partial view of a panel;
    Fig. 10
    in perspective views a) to d) embodiments of lattice posts;
    Fig. 11
    in perspective views a) to c) further embodiments of grid post;
    Fig. 12
    in an elevation an embodiment of a grid post;
    Fig. 13
    in plan views a) to c) three walls with different widths;
    Fig. 14
    in a perspective view of an aligned wall portion with a grid post;
    Fig. 15
    in a perspective view an angled wall portion with a grid post;
    Fig. 16
    in a perspective view of another embodiment of an angled wall section with lattice posts;
    Fig. 17
    in a perspective view an aligned wall section with lattice posts and both sides of different wall thickness;
    Fig. 18
    in a perspective view an angled wall portion with lattice posts and both sides of different wall thickness;
    Fig. 19
    in a perspective view of another embodiment of an angled wall portion with a lattice post;
    Fig. 20
    in a perspective view of an aligned wall portion with a lattice post and both sides of different wall thickness;
    Fig. 21
    in a perspective view a wall portion with the two panels connecting spacers and a spacer prior to assembly;
    Fig. 22
    in a perspective view of a wall with a stiffening lattice girder arranged on top;
    Fig. 23
    in a perspective view of a wall with a post having a wire for attachment of a grid mat;
    Fig. 24
    in a perspective view of a wall with a further embodiment of a post having a wire for fixing a grid mat;
    Fig. 25
    in a perspective view of a grid post unit, on the right side and left side each mounted a panel or lattice mat with different height profile; and
    Fig. 26
    in a perspective view of a wall with different wall sections.
  • The figures cited in the following list and appended also show embodiments of the invention:
    • 8120_transportable basket horizontal stiff
    • 8122_transportable basket horizontal stiff
    • 8140_transportabler Korb_Ein-Mattenkorb-U-251
    • Fig-A-01
    • Fig-B-01
    • Fig-B-02
    • Fig-C-01
    • Figure D-01
    • Figure E-01
    • Figure F-01
    • Fig-H-01
    • Fig-I-03_transportable basket
    • Fig-K-01
    • Fig-K-03_horizontal deflection
    • Fig-K-04_horizontal deflection
    • Fig-L-02_ special lattice mats
    • Fig-L-03_ special lattice mats
  • A wall 1 has two panels 2 and 2 'designed in particular as wire mesh mats (see FIG. 1 and FIG. 13a, in which only the panel 2 facing the viewer is shown), which are spaced apart from one another and parallel to one another and at their lateral vertical edges 3 and 3 'on a respective lattice post 4 (in Fig. 1 and 13 a, the same, rear or opposite lattice post not shown) are attached to the bottom 5 by means of a concrete foundation 6, in which its subsection is casted, anchored.
  • The lattice post 4 (see also Fig. 11a) is constructed for example of two similar lattice post units 4a and 4b, each having three vertical bars 7, 8 and 9 in a triangular arrangement, which on the upper side (and optionally also on the underside) by means of a triangular end part 10, the z , B. is formed of a bent and closed by welding wire, are firmly connected to each other and are braced over the length of at least two surfaces of the isosceles triangle shape about individual or continuous curved diagonal bars 11. The two lattice post units 4 a and 4 b are connected to each other at their opposite base sides adjacent to each other by means of screw-clamp fasteners or screw clamps 12, the two adjacent vertical rods 8 and 8 and 9 and 9 of the two lattice post units 4a and 4b fixed together connect.
  • The attachment of each panel 2, 2 'also takes place by means of the screw-clamping parts 12 which establish a fixed connection between a last edge-side vertical bar 13 of the panel 2, 2' and the respective outer vertical rod 7 of each lattice post 4 at a plurality of vertically spaced locations.
  • An inventive stiffening component of the wall will be described below with reference to FIG. 22.
  • An exemplary embodiment of a panel 2, 2 'of the wall 1 according to the invention (see FIG. 9) contains a plurality of vertical bars 14 and horizontal bars 15 connected thereto, which can also be arranged twice or in pairs, and thus on both sides of the vertical bars 14, as shown in FIG. A grid spacing x 1 between the vertical bars is z. B. 30 to 40 mm and a grid spacing x 2 between the horizontal bars is z. B. 200 mm.
  • The vertical bars 13 and the horizontal bars 14 of the panels 2, 2 ', also referred to as wire meshes, are for example steel wires or steel bars with a diameter of usually 6 to 8 mm, which are welded together at the points of intersection. However, other materials and other diameters may be used with the strength required for a particular wall.
  • The lattice posts 4 can be designed and used in different configurations. Flat lattice posts 4 (see FIGS. 2 a to 2 d) contain two spaced-apart vertical bars 7 as individual bars or as double bars (FIG. 2 b), which are arranged substantially in a plane defined by the vertical bars 7 connecting parts 16 such. B. bars 11, strut or diagonal bars are interconnected. The connecting parts 16 may also be provided in a double arrangement (see FIG. 2 d) in order to increase the strength of the lattice posts 4.
  • The lattice posts 4 shown in FIGS. 2e to 2h, which can be referred to as spatial lattice posts 4 in contrast to the flat lattice posts 4, contain at least three vertical rods 7 (in single or double formation), which in the horizontal cross-section z. B. form a triangle or polygon, wherein each two adjacent vertical bars 7 are connected by connecting parts 16 with each other, but one of the adjacent pairs of rods 7, 7 not by connecting parts connected to each other. Accordingly, one can refer to these lattice posts 4 with an open side as a spatial open lattice posts 4.
  • By contrast, the spatial grid posts 4 shown in FIGS. 2i to 2l contain connecting parts 16 between all of the respective two adjacent vertical bars or pairs of bars 7, 7. Thus, closed triangles, rectangles or polygons can be used as cross-sectional shapes of the grid posts and also approximately round or curved in connection parts oval cross sections (see Fig. 2k) are formed.
  • In the illustrated cross-sectional profiles additional vertical rods as well as additional connecting parts can be installed as strength-increasing struts.
  • The connecting parts 11 and 16 of the lattice posts 4 can, according to FIG. 3 a, be arranged alternately diagonally as well as alternately diagonally and horizontally (FIG. 3 b) and only horizontally (FIG. 3 e) and they can be arranged at a long distance (FIG. 3 a) as well be arranged at a close distance (Fig. 3c). This arrangement can basically be used with flat lattice posts (FIGS. 3a to 3c) as well as with spatial lattice posts (FIGS. 3d to 3f). The increased number of connection or node points 17 in the lattice post 4 according to FIG. 3e (additional vertical rod) allow a very rigid design.
  • As connecting parts, instead of the wire rods, flat iron 18, for example, can also assume the connection of the vertical rods 7 in alignment, in particular with vertical rods 7 (FIG. 3f). Due to the longer connecting line or connecting surface at the edges of the flat iron 18, this design also offers a higher bending strength compared to punctiform node connections 17 only.
  • While in the grid post 4 shown in Fig. 3d, the connecting parts or struts 16 and diagonal bars 11 of the two sides are arranged congruently in side view, the diagonal struts 11 of the grid post 4 formed in opposite directions and offset from each other according to FIG. 4a. In the embodiment of Fig. 4b 11 additional horizontal rods or connecting parts 16 are inserted in a diagonal strut. As a result, the grid openings are reduced and increases the flexural rigidity.
  • 4c to 4e show lattice posts 4 with diagonal struts 11, wherein the vertical bars 7 of the three embodiments have different distances, so that different width lattice posts 4 can be formed, which can be the basis for walls with different widths (or thicknesses).
  • The schematic representation of FIG. 5a shows a spatial lattice post 4, as used in the wall 1 shown in FIG. 1, in which the screw clamping parts 12 the vertical bars 8 and 8 or 9 and 9 of the two lattice post units 4a and 4b connect. However, the connection can also be made by welding the two grid post units 4a and 4b to one or more points or lines of the respective vertical bars 8, as exemplified by the planar or flat grid post of Fig. 5b.
  • Two flat lattice post units, each of which can form a lattice post per se, can be connected together in a parallel arrangement (see FIGS. 5c and 5d) and thus have a higher rigidity against lateral buckling.
  • As fastening parts for attaching the panels 2, 2 'to the lattice posts 4 as well as for producing the lattice posts 4 of two lattice post units 4a and 4b as well as for other connection tasks, in particular the screw clamping parts 12 are provided. The screw-clamping part 12 shown in Fig. 6a includes a screw 19, on which an upper clamping member 20 and a lower clamping member 21 are rotatably mounted and clamped by a nut against each other. The clamping parts 20, 21 include formations 22 for receiving wires or rods 14 and 7 of the panels 2, 2 'or lattice post 4. FIG. 6a shows the screw-clamping part 12 at a 90 ° connection, wherein by the mutually rotatable Clamping parts 20, 21 also deviating angular connections are adjustable. Since the clamping parts 20, 21 are axially displaceable relative to the rods 7, 13, 14 before the bracing and by the possibility of their pivoting, such a screw clamping member 12 can be used universally. Fig. 6b shows a screw-clamping part 12, the upper clamping member 20 includes two parallel formations 22, which may be formed in addition to receiving rods or wires 7, 13, 14 with different diameters. 6c shows such a screw-clamping part 12 with two parallel wires 7 and 13 of different diameters and a thinner wire 15 received at right angles in the lower clamping part 21.
  • Fig. 7a shows a screw-clamping part 12, in which the two clamping parts 20 and 21 and thus the two rods to be joined together 7 and 14 at a fixed angle of z. B. 90 ° are arranged. FIGS. 7b and 7c show a screw-clamping part 12 for firmly connecting two parallel rods of different diameters analogous to FIGS. 6a and 6b. By a rotation of the lower clamping member 21 parallel to and below the larger formation 22, the inclusion of a rod or wire is made possible with even larger diameter. This increases the universal applicability of a so-formed screw clamp.
  • A parallel clamp secured by two screws as a screw-clamping part for two parallel bars is shown in FIG. 8a, while FIG. 8b is a screw-clamping part 12 for the cross-attachment of a maximum of two parallel bars. In both cases, the axial association between the rods and the screw clamping member 12 can be changed.
  • 10 to 12 show differently designed lattice posts 4, wherein Fig. 10d shows a basic version of a flat lattice post with diagonal brace 11 formed by a continuous wire, and Fig. 10c shows a lattice post 4 consisting of two lattice post units according to Fig. 10d are arranged side by side and by means of welding points 23 (only the front welds are shown) are firmly connected to each other (corresponding to Fig. 5d). The upper ends of the vertical bars 7 are connected to each other,
    wherein the connection 24 may be a portion of that rod which forms the two vertical rods 7 by bending over 90 ° twice.
  • The lattice post 4 of Fig. 10a includes two lattice post units 4a and 4b, which may have a different height (in horizontal extent), can be connected to the vertical bars 7 via welds 23 and fixed to each other at their upper ends by means of a common termination or supplemental part 25 are connected. The completion or supplemental part 25 is approximately diamond-shaped in accordance with the substantially triangular cross-sectional shape of the two lattice post units 4a and 4b. This lattice post 4 of Fig. 10a (as well as all other lattice posts) may be made without connection at its lower end anchored in particular in a concrete foundation. Fig. 10b shows a simple spatial grid post 4, in which two triangular faces diagonal struts 11 of the associated vertical bars 7, while the (in the Fig. 10b rear) base side without struts and thus open. Such unilaterally open posts are space-saving stackable. The upper connection is made by means of a completion or supplemental part 25 in triangular shape.
  • While the lattice post 4 shown in FIG. 11a (which is also part of the wall 1 of FIG. 1) has two lattice post units 4a and 4b connected via the screw clamps 12, the two lattice post units 4a and 4b are as shown in FIG. 11b Grid post 4 held by a welded between the two upper completion or supplemental parts 25 connecting member 26 at a distance from each other, so that between the now spaced vertical bars 8 and 8 and 9 and 9, a panel 2 and 2 'can be arranged (see FIG. 19 and 20), whereby the universal applicability of this grid post 4 is increased. The lattice post 4 of Fig. 11c is composed of two flat lattice post units 4a and 4b, and includes an upper terminating member 28 in the form of a strip of flat material welded to the lattice post units 4a and 4b. The two double vertical bars 7 can be covered or reinforced on the outside by a cover strip 29 or cover bar, which is welded to the diagonal struts. A such reinforcement increases the flexural rigidity of the lattice post 4, especially at high loads or great static slenderness of the lattice post.
  • The illustrated in Fig. 12 flat lattice post 4 includes at its two lattice post units 4a and 4b further additional parts in the form of vertical auxiliary bars 30, which between the peripheral vertical bars 7 and the z. B. diagonal reinforcing structure 11 are welded. This reduces the grid grid. This allows the use of filler with smaller grain size.
  • The lattice post 4 according to the invention is suitable in a particularly advantageous manner for producing walls 1 of different width (or thickness) with the same width of the lattice post. Since the screw clamping parts 12, as shown in FIGS. 13a to 13c, can be fastened in different angular positions on the respective vertical rod 7 or 13 of both the grid post 4 and the panel 2, 2 ', the two panels 2, 2 can also be fastened. 2 'are arranged in different positions relative to the vertical bars 7 of the lattice post 4, to which they are attached. This makes it possible to produce walls 1 with different wall widths x 3 according to FIGS. 13 a to 13 c in a simple manner and without special preparations or complicated adjustments. Also in the formation of angled walls 1, the different angular position of the screw clamping parts 12 is advantageous.
  • The section shown in Fig. 14 of a wall 1 according to the invention comprises a flat grid post 4, as he z. B. is shown in Fig. 10d. On both sides of the lattice post 4 in each case two panels 2, 2 'by means of screw clamping parts 12 attached to the respective vertical rod 7 at right angles to the lattice post 7. The panels 2, 2 'are aligned with the vertical bars 7 of the lattice post 4. On each side of the lattice post 4 is between the opposite panels 2, 2 ', a filling space 31 for filling material 32 in the form of z. As stones or gravel formed (the filler 32 is shown in this and in the next figures only at the top of the drawing). The lattice post 4 thus limits two adjacent filling spaces 31 of the wall 1. On the outside of the wall 1, the lattice post 4 is visually less conspicuous, since essentially only its vertical bar 7 can be seen.
  • Fig. 15 shows a kink of the wall 1, on which the two wall sections extend at an angle to each other. The right wall section with its panels 2, 2 'is formed according to the embodiment of FIG. 14. For the left wall section, the two panels 2, 2 'are mounted at an angle to the lattice post 4. A geometrically expected mutually different wall thickness can be compensated by a rotational movement of the screw clamping parts 12 according to FIG. 13.
  • In a further modification (see Fig. 16), the wall 1 at the kink contains two lattice posts 4, which may also be considered as a lattice post 4 with two lattice post units 4a and 4b. The right wall section with its lattice post unit 4b corresponds to the exemplary embodiments of FIGS. 14 and 15. The left wall section has its own lattice post unit 4a, which is aligned at right angles to the two left panels 2, 2 '. The two lattice post units 4a and 4b are connected to each other at their two front vertical bars 7 via at least one screw-clamping part 12 and are V-shaped to each other. The rear panel 2 'of the left wall portion extends over the V-shaped opening between the two lattice post units 4a and 4b to close to the right lattice post unit 4b and is by means of screw clamping parts 12 z. B. connected via its second vertical rod 14 with the vertical rod 7 of the left lattice post unit 4a.
  • In the wall 1 shown in FIG. 17, a wall section of greater wall thickness adjoins the lattice post 4 on the left-hand side and a wall section of lesser wall thickness on the right-hand side. The lattice post 4 is formed, for example according to FIG. 11a, from two triangular lattice post units 4a and 4b. While the two rear panels 2 'are fixedly attached to the rear vertical bar 7 and the left front panel 2 is fixed to the front vertical bar 7, the right front panel 2 is fixed to the right vertical bar of the rear grid post unit 4b. Due to the attachment by means of the screw-12 clamping parts their exact position can be freely selected (see the comments on Fig. 13).
  • In the embodiment of FIG. 18 modified from FIG. 17, the wall 1 contains a kink in such a way that the two wall sections of different width or wall thickness are arranged at a respective angle to the common lattice post 4. The grid post 4 may, for. B. be arranged in the bisector of the total angle between the two wall sections.
  • Fig. 19 shows a wall with a arranged at a kink grid post 4 in an embodiment z. B. as shown in FIG. 11 b. While the two rear panels 2 'are fastened to the rear vertical bar 7 of the lattice post 4, the two front panels 2 are fixed to the lateral vertical bars 8 of the front lattice post unit 4a by means of the screw clamping members 12, extending between the lateral vertical bars 8 and 8 respectively. 9 of the front lattice post unit 4a and the rear lattice post unit 4b extend into the lattice post 4. By means of the universal screw-clamping parts 12, the attachment to the upper horizontal bars 15 of the panels 2, 2 'take place substantially at arbitrary locations. By the visually protruding front grid post unit 4a, the wall 1 is optically structured. At the same time, it creates a trellis for plants. For vertically particularly slender walls 1 can be achieved by a visually protruding front grid post unit 4a and a greater static height in the bending direction and thus a higher bending stiffness without increasing the wall thickness.
  • Fig. 20 shows the wall according to Fig. 17 but with the lattice post 4 of Fig. 19. Again, the recessed panel 2 of the narrow left wall section may be fixed to a rear vertical bar 8 of the front lattice post unit 4a so as to be between the two spaced grid post sections can reach into it. This allows the panel 2 to be processed without having to cut it. It therefore remains in its original state, which causes its later reusability and thus increases their value or their sustainability.
  • Fig. 21 shows a still unfilled wall with spacers 33, which connect the two panels together and prevent filling of the filling space between the panels that bulge out of the two panels by the pressure of the filling material to the outside. The spacers are z. B. wire hanger whose bent ends are mounted in particular on the horizontal bars of the panels and thus can transmit tensile forces. A spacer is z. B. prefabricated at one end with a bent bracket, while the other end after attachment to the wall around the associated wire of the panel is bent back and forth. As a spacer and other traction transmitting components such. As cable ties or the like can be used. The number and positions of the spacers to be attached depends on the male force and thus z. B. according to the size or height of the wall and after the filler.
  • In order to avoid bending of the filled wall, in particular at its upper portion transversely to its longitudinal extent, according to the invention a lattice girder 34 (see FIG. 22) as a stiffening component or element firmly connect the upper ends of the two panels 2 and 2 'with each other and also on a defined Keep distance. The z. B. by means of screw clamping parts 12 to the upper horizontal bars 15 of the panels 2, 2 'mounted lattice girder 34 with diagonal strut 11 stiffened as stiffening the wall 1 at its upper portion considerably. This is especially important for statically slim walls.
  • Such or similar stiffening member may also be fixed to the wall in a lower plane, but an arrangement in the upper region of the wall is statically most advantageous.
  • Fig. 23 shows an embodiment of a post 35 with a central tube 36 with a rectangular cross-section and laterally mounted grid parts 37 to which the panels 2, 2 'can be fixed by means of the screw clamping parts 12. The lateral grid part 37 is z. B a bent edge wire or rod, which is repeatedly attached to the tube 36. Instead of a wire part and several wire parts can be mounted laterally on the tube 36 one above the other. By additionally attached lattice parts, a multiplicity of the technical and optical advantages described above can be achieved even when using conventional steel profiles.
  • The embodiment of the post 35 of Fig. 24 includes a central U-profile 38, at the lateral legs 39 each have at least one grating member 40 is attached, the z. B. is the cut portion of a panel with horizontal double bars 41. The double rods 41 are welded to the leg 39 of the U-profile 38. The attachment of the panel 2 is in turn carried out with at least one screw clamping part 12 which is fixed on the one hand to the vertical bar 42 of the lattice part 40 of the post 35 and on the other hand to the end of the rear bar 15 of the horizontal double bar of the panel 2. The end of the front rod 15 of the double rod has been cut off for reasons of universal adaptability and space reasons for the screw clamping part 12.
  • FIG. 25 shows the arrangement of two panels 2 opposite one another on both sides on a lattice post unit 4a, the panels and the lattice post unit 4a ending at different heights. In this way, by means of the flexibly manageable attachment of the different panels 2, a wall 1 with any desired height profile can be produced.
  • With the illustrated and described elements can thus be easily created a wall 1, as shown schematically in Fig. 26. Thus, on the left, the first and the second wall sections 1.1 and 1.2 are arranged in alignment with the grid post mounted therebetween, the third wall section 1.3 adjoins at an angle (kink point on the grid post). The third and the fourth wall sections 1.3 and 1.4 likewise form a kinking point on the lattice post (eg in accordance with FIG. 16) as well as the fourth and fifth wall section 1.4 or 1.5. Between the fifth and sixth wall sections 1.5 and 1.6, respectively, the width or thickness of the wall changes (eg in accordance with FIG the height. Between the sixth and seventh wall section 1.6 or 1.7 is again a kink z. B. formed in accordance with FIG. 16 or 19 and the eighth wall section 1.8 has a smaller wall thickness, wherein the outer panel is offset inwardly. In addition, the height of the eighth wall section 1.8 is reduced.
  • Furthermore, a ninth wall section 1.9 is attached to the second wall section 1.2 on the outside, wherein the panels of the ninth wall section 1.9 can be fastened directly to the panel of the second wall section 1.2 by means of the screw clamping parts or by interposing a grid post bordering the ninth wall section 1.9. At the opposite end of the ninth wall section 1.9 a tenth wall section 1.10 is still attached, for example on its side surface.
  • In principle, the panels 2, 2 'or lattice mats of the wall 1 can also extend beyond lattice posts 4 or posts 35 so that the joints or joints of two adjoining and especially aligned panels 2 can lie outside lattice posts 4 or posts 35.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    wall
    2
    blackboard
    2 '
    blackboard
    3
    vertical border
    3 '
    vertical border
    4
    grid post
    4a
    Grid post assembly
    4b
    Grid post assembly
    5
    ground
    6
    concrete foundation
    7
    vertical bar
    8th
    vertical bar
    9
    vertical bar
    10
    final part
    11
    diagonal bar
    12
    Screw-terminal part
    13
    edge-side vertical bar
    14
    vertical bar
    15
    Horizontal bar
    16
    connecting part
    17
    node connection
    18
    flat iron
    19
    screw
    20
    Upper clamping part
    21
    lower clamping part
    22
    formation
    23
    WeldingSpot
    24
    connection
    25
    Final or supplementary part
    26
    connecting part
    28
    Final or supplementary part
    29
    flap
    30
    additional staff
    31
    filling space
    32
    filling material
    33
    spacer
    34
    girder
    35
    post
    36
    pipe
    37
    grating part
    38
    U-profile
    39
    leg
    40
    grating part
    41
    double rod
    42
    vertical bar

Claims (11)

  1. Wall (1) with at least two panels (2, 2 ') forming the two wall sides and at least two posts (4) which are anchored on the bottom side and spaced apart in the wall longitudinal direction,
    the panels being spaced apart from one another, defining at least two sides of a wall filler basket with at least one wall filling space (31) for filling material (32) and being fixed to the posts (4),
    wherein at least one partial surface of at least one of the panels has recesses for optically perceiving the filler material (32) to be accommodated in the wall filling space,
    characterized,
    in that the wall (1) between at least two posts (4) has at least one horizontally arranged stiffening component (34) which indirectly or directly derives horizontal bending forces occurring in the direction of the wall length, in particular by wind load, into the posts (4), wherein the stiffening component (34) is formed in particular like a carrier.
  2. Wall according to claim 1,
    characterized in that the wall thickness of the Wandfüllkorbs is equal to or smaller than the width of an associated post and / or an associated stiffening member.
  3. Wall according to claim 1 or 2,
    characterized in that the at least one stiffening component (34) is formed as a lateral boundary of the wall element, in particular as a bottom-side or top-side boundary of the wall.
  4. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 3,
    characterized in that the panels (2, 2 ') and the posts (4) carrying them define a wall filling basket with at least one wall filling space (31) for filling material (32).
  5. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 4,
    characterized in that at least one post and / or the at least one stiffening member is a lattice post or a lattice girder and in particular a wire lattice post or a wire lattice girder, the wires of which in particular have a wire diameter of 4 mm to 16 mm, in particular 5 mm to 14 mm and preferably 6 mm to 12 mm.
  6. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 5,
    characterized in that at least one grid post or lattice girder is formed with at least two wires (7) and at least one grid post spacer or lattice girder spacers (11, 16) connecting the wires (7).
  7. Wall according to claim 6,
    characterized in that the lattice-post spacer or lattice-girder spacer connecting the wires contains diagonal sections (11) and in particular is formed exclusively of diagonal sections.
  8. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 7,
    characterized in that at least one of the panels is formed as a grid mat, in particular as a wire mesh mat and preferably as a double rod mat or a flat wire mat, wherein the wires in particular a wire diameter of 4 mm to 11 mm, in particular 5 mm to 9 mm and preferably 6 mm to 8 mm exhibit.
  9. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 8,
    characterized characterized in that at least two panels (2, 2 ') and / or at least one post (4) and / or at least one Aussteifungsbauteil directly or indirectly (for a description for the transmission of bending forces), in particular by screws and / or clamping and / or welding and / or a latching device are connected to each other.
  10. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 9,
    characterized in that a Wandfüllraum the Wandfüllkorbs is completely or partially filled with the same or different filling material, in particular with mineral filler material and preferably with natural stone in the form of pebbles or gravel.
  11. Wall according to one of claims 1 to 10,
    characterized in that a panel and / or a post and / or a stiffening member and / or a screw clamp fastener and / or a panel spacer made of metal, in particular of iron, steel or stainless steel, is or are formed.
EP07022892A 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made from a volume limited by panels and posts Withdrawn EP1925740A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT0082806U AT10001U1 (en) 2006-11-24 2006-11-24 Wall with at least two panels and at least two floor-sided posts
DE200610055635 DE102006055635A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2006-11-24 Wall for protecting visibility, sound and wind has panels forming two sides of a wall and posts anchored on the side of a base and set with a clearance from each other in the longitudinal direction of the wall
DE200620017921 DE202006017921U1 (en) 2006-11-24 2006-11-24 Wall comprises boards spaced from one another with filling inbetween and fixed by screw clamp to wire lattice posts anchored in ground

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1925740A1 true EP1925740A1 (en) 2008-05-28

Family

ID=38895590

Family Applications (12)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP07022890A Active EP1925739B1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall with panels and posts
EP07022893A Withdrawn EP1925741A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made from panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022895A Withdrawn EP1925743A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022886A Withdrawn EP1925750A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall with posts
EP07022892A Withdrawn EP1925740A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made from a volume limited by panels and posts
EP07022888A Ceased EP1925737A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wire mesh grid for a filling space with filling material
EP07022887A Withdrawn EP1925751A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall element
EP07022894A Withdrawn EP1925742A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022897A Withdrawn EP1925745A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a filling space
EP07022896A Active EP1925744B1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a filling space
EP07022885A Ceased EP1925749A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022889A Active EP1925738B1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made from panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled

Family Applications Before (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP07022890A Active EP1925739B1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall with panels and posts
EP07022893A Withdrawn EP1925741A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made from panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022895A Withdrawn EP1925743A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022886A Withdrawn EP1925750A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall with posts

Family Applications After (7)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP07022888A Ceased EP1925737A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wire mesh grid for a filling space with filling material
EP07022887A Withdrawn EP1925751A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall element
EP07022894A Withdrawn EP1925742A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022897A Withdrawn EP1925745A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a filling space
EP07022896A Active EP1925744B1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a filling space
EP07022885A Ceased EP1925749A1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made of panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled
EP07022889A Active EP1925738B1 (en) 2006-11-24 2007-11-26 Wall made from panels and posts limiting a volume to be filled

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (12) EP1925739B1 (en)
AT (3) AT495306T (en)
DE (3) DE502007006235D1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1925742A1 (en) 2008-05-28
AT495308T (en) 2011-01-15
DE502007006235D1 (en) 2011-02-24
EP1925738A1 (en) 2008-05-28
EP1925741A1 (en) 2008-05-28
EP1925739A1 (en) 2008-05-28
EP1925750A1 (en) 2008-05-28
DE502007006236D1 (en) 2011-02-24
EP1925751A1 (en) 2008-05-28
EP1925745A1 (en) 2008-05-28
EP1925749A1 (en) 2008-05-28
DE502007006237D1 (en) 2011-02-24
EP1925738B1 (en) 2011-01-12
EP1925743A1 (en) 2008-05-28
AT495306T (en) 2011-01-15
EP1925737A1 (en) 2008-05-28
EP1925739B1 (en) 2011-01-12
EP1925744B1 (en) 2011-01-12
AT495307T (en) 2011-01-15
EP1925744A1 (en) 2008-05-28

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