DE10310199B4 - Wood fiber board and process for its production - Google Patents

Wood fiber board and process for its production Download PDF

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Publication number
DE10310199B4
DE10310199B4 DE2003110199 DE10310199A DE10310199B4 DE 10310199 B4 DE10310199 B4 DE 10310199B4 DE 2003110199 DE2003110199 DE 2003110199 DE 10310199 A DE10310199 A DE 10310199A DE 10310199 B4 DE10310199 B4 DE 10310199B4
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
decor
layer
printed
wear protection
wood fiber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Revoked
Application number
DE2003110199
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German (de)
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DE10310199A1 (en
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kronotec AG
Original Assignee
Kronotec AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Application filed by Kronotec AG filed Critical Kronotec AG
Priority to DE10362203 priority Critical
Priority to DE2003110199 priority patent/DE10310199B4/en
Priority claimed from US10/792,270 external-priority patent/US7678425B2/en
Publication of DE10310199A1 publication Critical patent/DE10310199A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE10310199B4 publication Critical patent/DE10310199B4/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=32797890&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=DE10310199(B4) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Revoked legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27NMANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL
    • B27N7/00After-treatment, e.g. reducing swelling or shrinkage, surfacing; Protecting the edges of boards against access of humidity
    • B27N7/005Coating boards, e.g. with a finishing or decorating layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/24Pressing or stamping ornamental designs on surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/043Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers containing wooden elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/181Insulating layers integrally formed with the flooring or the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/041Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise
    • E04F2290/043Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise with a bottom layer for sound insulation

Abstract

Fiberboard, especially floor panel, consisting of an HDF or MDF support with a top and a bottom, with the top one Decor, preferably a wood or tile decor, has, and on the carrier plate a sealing layer is applied, on which a decor is printed and the decor is covered with at least one wear protection layer, characterized in that on the decor structurants or Korundkörner the Increase the Abrasion resistance are applied.

Description

  • The Invention relates to a wood fiber board, in particular a floor panel, consisting of a HDF or MDF carrier plate with a top and a bottom, wherein the top of a decor, preferably a wood or tile decor, and a method of manufacture such a fiberboard.
  • floor panels with a wood fiber support plate become common referred to as laminate panels and have been substitution for many years of parquet in the trade. The wished Decor (parquet, wood grain, tiles, etc.) is on a paper web imprinted, which subsequently coated with resin and rolled up on a roll. The so prefabricated Decorative sheet is at the floor manufacturer on the carrier plate put on and pressed. By printing the decoration on the Paper web, the later Seal the paper web with resin and then connect the decorative layer with the carrier plate changed by pressure and temperature the paper web in their dimensions. The expert speaks of that the paper is growing. The paper is growing both in length (Elongation) as well as in width (width growth). If this decorative plate now be tailored to individual Pa neelen, that must linear and width growth are taken into account, because otherwise an uneven decor distribution on the individual Panels would be present. These would have to Result that the composed of an unevenly distributed decorative layer floor has Dekorsprünge at the connecting edges of the panels. Even if such Decor jumps only a few millimeters, they are noticeable when looking at what the aesthetic Impact negatively influenced and thus the quality of the floor designed decreases.
  • In order to be able to produce in a quality-appropriate manner, the paper growth must be recorded and the saw, which saws the panels from the carrier plate, adjusted accordingly. A manual adjustment is very time consuming. The DE 100 19 054 C1 describes a method for cutting panels from a carrier plate, with which the saw can be automatically adapted to the paper growth. This requires cameras that determine the actual position of defined decorative points. The actual position is then compared with the desired position and determines the deviation of the latitude or longitude, so that the saw can be adjusted accordingly.
  • Around Optimizing the cut thus requires a great deal of effort which makes the production of high quality panels more expensive. To the Optics of the laminate panel the look of a natural wood panel on can adapt in the press, in which the decorative layer with the support plate is pressed, a relief having a matrix be provided the one corresponding to the wood grain relief in the resin layer impressed. Since paper growth is not reproducible, it is not possible that Relief completely in accordance to bring with the decor. The joints of a tile mirror can because Here deviations would be immediately visible, not marked in the surface.
  • From This problem is based on the initially described Wood fiber board can be improved.
  • The Troubleshooting takes place in a generic wood fiber board in that on the carrier plate a sealing layer is applied, on which a decor is printed is, wherein the decorative layer with at least one wear protection layer is covered. By applying the sealing layer on the carrier plate prevents the ink from being absorbed by the carrier plate, what would be the case without the sealing layer, since the backing plate as such is absorbent. The sealing layer absorbs the decorative paint prevented and kept this on the surface and bound, so that the decorative layer on the surface, preferably on the top the carrier plate remains and a precise, clearly visible decor. Here are on the decorative layer Structuring agent or corundum grains to increase the abrasion resistance is applied and removed from the wear protection layer covered or embedded in this. The structuring means can correspond be applied to the decor so that they exactly match the decor, to create filigree reliefs.
  • A Further development provides that the sealing layer consists of melamine or urea resin is formed and on the support plate is painted on.
  • The Decor can advantageously be applied directly to the sealant layer be printed on both the top and on the Bottom of a decor is provided. There is the decorative layer made of heat resistant Colors, or at least has them, so when later editing the wood fiber boards, for example, with heated rollers, the color pigments not be destroyed and the decorative layer remains as printed.
  • It is envisaged that the wear protection layer is a lacquer layer, which advantageously has an electron beam hardening in order to overmould the usually sensitive decorative layer Protect ßigem wear.
  • to Achieve as much as possible good print image is the carrier plate smoothed on the upper side or the underside, in particular ground, What's more, the suction tendency of the support plate reduced.
  • One Process for producing the fiberboard according to the invention provides that first on a carrier plate a sealing layer is applied, followed by a decor is printed. Finally becomes a wear protection layer Applied to the decor, with both the top and the Bottom of the support plate can be printed. The melamine or urea resin layer is as a sealing layer advantageously sprayed or painted. Texturing agents or corundum particles are either before applying the wear protection layer applied and covered by this or when applying the anti-wear layer embedded in these, resulting in increased wear resistance and reducing the risk of slipping on such plates.
  • The Wear protection layer is also sprayed or painted as a lacquer layer and electron beam hardened. It can also one or more synthetic resin layers, for example with a Anilox roller on the provided with the decor side of the support plate be painted on. The applied wear protection layers will be afterwards pressed in a press in a known manner with the plate. Possibly The decorative layer can also be covered with an overlay, such as it is known from the prior art.
  • advantageously, becomes the surface to be printed the carrier plate sanded or smoothed, before it is printed, alternatively, can also be on an unpolished surface the decor will be applied. It is also intended that before application of the sealing layer, the support plate ground or smoothed is to the suction tendency of the support plate to reduce.
  • There no paper layers are used are the so produced Warp against distortion caused by the inherent tensile force of the papers could, sure. Due to the thin Layers can be short Process times are realized.
  • Such produced plates can as flooring use by adding panels in the format appropriate to the decor serrated and optionally provided with Profilausfräsungen.

Claims (19)

  1. Wood fiber board, in particular floor panel, consisting of a HDF or MDF support plate having a top and a bottom, wherein the top has a decor, preferably a wood or tile decor, and on the support plate, a sealing layer is applied, printed on the decor is and the decor is covered with at least one wear protection layer, characterized in that are applied to the decor texturing or Korundkörner to increase the abrasion resistance.
  2. Fiberboard according to claim 1, characterized the sealing layer is formed of melamine or urea resin is.
  3. Fibreboard according to claim 1 or 2, characterized that the decor is printed directly on the sealing layer is.
  4. Wood fiber board according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the decor has heat-resistant colors, preferably made of heat resistant Colors exists.
  5. Wood fiber board according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the wear protection layer is a lacquer layer or a synthetic resin layer.
  6. Fiberboard according to claim 5, characterized in that that the lacquer layer is electron beam hardened.
  7. Fiberboard according to claim 5, characterized in that that the structuring agents or corundum grains in the wear protection layer are embedded.
  8. Fiberboard according to claim 5, characterized in that that the carrier plate is smoothed on the top and / or bottom.
  9. Fiberboard according to claim 5, characterized in that that the carrier plate Ground at the top and / or bottom.
  10. Wood fiber board according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the structuring means correspond to the Decor are applied.
  11. A method for producing a wood fiber board according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein on a support plate, a sealing layer is applied to the sealing layer, a decor is printed and applied a wear protection layer on the decor is, characterized in that applied to the decor structuring or Korundkörner and embedded in the wear protection layer or covered by it.
  12. Method according to claim 11, characterized in that that the carrier plate printed on the top and bottom.
  13. Method according to claim 11 or 12, characterized that on the backing plate a melamine or urea resin layer as a sealing layer applied, in particular brushed.
  14. Method according to one of claims 11 to 13, characterized that the decor with heat resistant Color is printed.
  15. Method according to one of claims 11 to 14, characterized that as a wear protection layer a paint layer or resin layer applied, in particular is painted on.
  16. Method according to claim 15, characterized in that that the lacquer layer is electron beam hardened.
  17. Method according to one of claims 11 to 16, characterized that the surface to be printed the carrier plate sanded or smoothed will be before the surface the carrier plate sealed or printed.
  18. Method according to one of claims 11 to 17, characterized that the wear protection layer is applied with an anilox roller.
  19. Method according to one of claims 11 to 18, characterized that the structuring means applied corresponding to the decor become.
DE2003110199 2003-03-06 2003-03-06 Wood fiber board and process for its production Revoked DE10310199B4 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10362203 2003-03-06
DE2003110199 DE10310199B4 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-03-06 Wood fiber board and process for its production

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2003110199 DE10310199B4 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-03-06 Wood fiber board and process for its production
DE50311774T DE50311774D1 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing of a wood-based panel
AT03020230T AT438519T (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing of wooden material plate
PT09005141T PT2105320E (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing a composite wooden panel
EP09005141A EP2105320B1 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing a composite wooden panel
ES09005141T ES2394744T3 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finish of a wood composite plate
EP03020230.3A EP1454763B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative coating of a plate of wooden material
ES03020230.3T ES2328236T5 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing of a wooden composite board
US10/792,270 US7678425B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2004-03-04 Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US11/380,597 US7790293B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2006-04-27 Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US12/487,411 US8016969B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2009-06-18 Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE10310199A1 DE10310199A1 (en) 2004-09-23
DE10310199B4 true DE10310199B4 (en) 2007-09-20

Family

ID=32797890

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE2003110199 Revoked DE10310199B4 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-03-06 Wood fiber board and process for its production
DE50311774T Active DE50311774D1 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing of a wood-based panel

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE50311774T Active DE50311774D1 (en) 2003-03-06 2003-09-06 Decorative finishing of a wood-based panel

Country Status (5)

Country Link
EP (2) EP2105320B1 (en)
AT (1) AT438519T (en)
DE (2) DE10310199B4 (en)
ES (2) ES2328236T5 (en)
PT (1) PT2105320E (en)

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ES2328236T3 (en) 2009-11-11
EP2105320B1 (en) 2012-10-17
DE50311774D1 (en) 2009-09-17
AT438519T (en) 2009-08-15
PT2105320E (en) 2012-12-12
ES2394744T3 (en) 2013-02-05
EP1454763A3 (en) 2005-08-17
EP2105320A1 (en) 2009-09-30
EP1454763A2 (en) 2004-09-08
ES2328236T5 (en) 2016-11-15
EP1454763B1 (en) 2009-08-05
DE10310199A1 (en) 2004-09-23

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