CN211210774U - Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device - Google Patents

Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211210774U
CN211210774U CN201921446266.3U CN201921446266U CN211210774U CN 211210774 U CN211210774 U CN 211210774U CN 201921446266 U CN201921446266 U CN 201921446266U CN 211210774 U CN211210774 U CN 211210774U
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China
Prior art keywords
weeding
tobacco
flue
grass
water
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CN201921446266.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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杨通隆
杨金陆
梁亨武
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Qiandongnan Co of Guizhou Tobacco Co
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Qiandongnan Co of Guizhou Tobacco Co
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The utility model discloses a grass curtain device for weeding, fertilizer preserving and water preserving of tobacco, which is used for covering on a flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body before the flue-cured tobacco is transplanted, and comprises a grass curtain body, wherein planting holes are formed on the grass curtain body, the grass curtain body is suitable for being matched and covered on the surface of the flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body, the planting holes correspond to the positions on the flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body to be transplanted with flue-cured tobacco, and the material of the grass curtain body is water-absorbing straw; this grass curtain device can solve artifical weeding inefficiency in the current tobacco production, intensity of labour is big, the cost is higher, and chemical weeding environmental pollution is big, and plastic film mulching weeding, fertilizer conservation, guarantor's water are effectual, tectorial membrane in-process inefficiency, intensity of labour are big, white pollution, the land fertility problem in the aspect of descending etc..

Description

Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a tobacco weeding, protect fertile, protect water and use grass curtain device belongs to tobacco production facility technical field.
Background
The existing agricultural crop production usually involves links such as weeding, fertilizer conservation, water conservation and the like, and the weeding generally adopts several modes such as artificial weeding, chemical weeding, mulching film weeding and the like, wherein the artificial weeding has the characteristics of low efficiency, high labor intensity and higher cost, and the weeding is required for 2-3 times in the one-season crop production; the chemical weeding has the characteristics of high efficiency, but large environmental pollution, and the trend of gradual reduction in future is realized; the mulching film has the characteristics of good weeding effect, but the mulching film has low efficiency and high labor intensity, is easy to cause white pollution in the mulching process, seriously affects the soil fertility, is difficult to remove, and is an important aspect of environmental protection in the future. In addition, in the links of fertilizer and water conservation in crop production, mulching is generally adopted, and the characteristics are obvious in effect, but the defects caused by mulching also exist. In particular, in tobacco production, the above disadvantages are more pronounced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is: the utility model provides a tobacco is weeded, is protected fertile, is protected water and is used grass curtain device to solve artifical weedicide inefficiency in the current tobacco production, intensity of labour is big, the cost is higher, and chemical weeding environmental pollution is big, and plastic film mulching weeding, fertilizer conservation, water conservation are effectual, tectorial membrane in-process inefficiency, intensity of labour are big, white pollution, the land fertility falls the problem in the aspect of etc.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: the utility model provides a tobacco weeding, protect fertile, for protect water with grass curtain device for cover on the flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body before the flue-cured tobacco is transplanted, including grass curtain body set up on the grass curtain body and planted the hole, grass curtain body is suitable for the matching and covers on flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body surface, the position that is about to transplant the flue-cured tobacco on planting hole and the flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body corresponds, the material of grass curtain body is the straw that absorbs water.
The straw curtain body is formed by weaving a straw curtain weaving machine.
The straw is rice straw.
The thickness of the straw curtain body is 0.6-1 cm, and the width of the straw curtain body is 45-55 cm.
A plurality of planting holes are arranged on the straw curtain body at equal intervals.
The planting holes are square with the side length of 8-10 cm, and every two planting holes are spaced at an equal distance of 55-60 cm.
The utility model has the advantages that: the straw curtain body for weeding, water retention and fertilizer conservation in tobacco production is made of water-absorbing straws, is not easy to be blown over by strong wind, can effectively preserve fertilizer and water, increase soil moisture content and effectively inhibit weed growth, adopts well cellar type deep planting, can save links such as weeding, drought resistance and loading, and reduces labor cost; meanwhile, due to the adoption of the straw, the environment is not polluted, the cleaning is not needed, the degradation is automatic, and the organic matters in the soil are increased. The planting holes are formed in the grass curtain, so that the holes of the well cellar are convenient to dig for transplanting, and the transplanting density can be controlled at a certain distance, so that a certain number of transplanted plants is ensured.
In addition, compared with the prior art, this tobacco production weeding, water retaining fertilizer still have following advantage with the straw curtain:
1. can realize semi-no-tillage tobacco production and reduce labor intensity and cost.
2. Effectively increases soil organic matters, and the soil fertility can be gradually restored.
3. The effects of weeding, water retention and fertilizer retention are obvious, and the yield and quality of the tobacco leaves are improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a roller shutter device according to an embodiment;
description of reference numerals: 1 straw curtain body, 2 planting holes.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein, but rather should be construed as broadly as the present invention is capable of modification in various respects, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "vertical," "horizontal," "left," "right," and the like as used herein are for illustrative purposes only and do not represent the only embodiments.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Please refer to fig. 1, which is a schematic structural diagram of a grass curtain device for weeding, fertilizer preserving and water preserving of tobacco in an embodiment. The straw screen device in the embodiment comprises a straw screen body 1 and planting holes 2.
The straw curtain body 1 plays a role of covering. The straw mat body 1 is made of water-absorbing straws such as rice straws, wheat straws and the like, and can be prevented from being blown over by strong wind. Straw curtain body 1 is suitable for the matching to cover on flue-cured tobacco planting ridge surface, and the size of straw curtain body 1 matches with the size on flue-cured tobacco planting ridge surface promptly, and for example the width is 45 ~ 55cm, and length is decided according to ridge length. The thickness of the straw screen is preferably 0.6-1 cm, the straw screen is convenient to roll up, the operation and the covering are convenient, and meanwhile, the weeding, fertilizer preservation and water preservation effects are good.
Planting hole 2, set up on straw screen body 1. Through set up planting hole 2 on grass curtain body 1, can effective control density to can reduce the process of interval measurement transplanting hole once more on the ridge body when transplanting, and then improve and transplant efficiency. Specifically, plant hole 2 and flue-cured tobacco and plant the position that is about to transplant the flue-cured tobacco on the ridge body and correspond, for example, when the flue-cured tobacco adopts a ridge single file to plant, can set up 8 ~ 10 cm's of side length square mouth as planting hole 2 on the straw curtain according to the size of well cellar for storing things hole to every two 2 equidistant intervals 55-60cm of planting hole. In other embodiments, the planting holes 2 (or the seeding holes) can be used for producing crops such as corn, pepper and the like as long as the spacing distance is different.
Preferably, the straw mat body 1 is formed by weaving a straw mat weaving machine. Since the straw curtain weaving machine is a common device for weaving straws into straw curtains manually or automatically, the straw curtain weaving machine is not described in detail here.
The application method of the straw curtain device comprises the steps of selecting a straw curtain body 1 with a proper size according to the surface size of a flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body, arranging planting holes 2 in the straw curtain body 1 in advance according to the transplanting position, covering the flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body before transplanting of flue-cured tobacco, and directly digging well cellar holes in the planting holes 2 during transplanting to finish transplanting.
Through the test of the applicant, the weeding effect of the herbal curtain device is equivalent to the mulching effect, the whole ridge surface is basically free of grass, the weeds can be effectively controlled for more than 200 days, and the production requirement of the flue-cured tobacco in one season can be met; the effects of fertilizer and water retention are equivalent to that of mulching films, and because of mulching, the temperature is higher than that of non-mulching film tobacco, the tobacco is easy to damage roots in the flue-cured tobacco production season in summer, and the root system of the flue-cured tobacco grows horizontally, so that the vertical growth of the root system is influenced, and the quality of the tobacco is not facilitated; the straw curtain has the advantages that the temperature rise problem does not exist, the root system grows normally, the water retention, fertilizer retention and weeding effects are obvious, the straw curtain does not need to be covered in the using process, the labor intensity and the labor amount are greatly reduced, only the straw curtain needs to be spread out and paved, the straw curtain can effectively control the density due to the fixed transplanting holes, the tobacco leaves do not need to be recovered after being picked, and the organic matters in the soil can be increased after the straw curtain is rotted.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a tobacco weeding, protect fertile, for protect water with grass curtain device for cover on the flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body before the flue-cured tobacco is transplanted, its characterized in that, including grass curtain body (1) set up planting hole (2) on grass curtain body (1), grass curtain body (1) is suitable for the matching to cover on flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body surface, planting hole (2) and flue-cured tobacco planting ridge body on be about to transplant the position of flue-cured tobacco and correspond, the material of grass curtain body (1) is the straw that absorbs water.
2. The grass mat device for weeding, conserving fertilizer and conserving water for tobacco according to claim 1, wherein the grass mat body (1) is woven by a grass mat weaving machine.
3. The device of claim 1, wherein the water-absorbing straw is straw.
4. The grass curtain device for weeding, fertilizer preserving and water preserving for tobacco as claimed in claim 1, wherein the thickness of the grass curtain body (1) is 0.6-1 cm, and the width is 45-55 cm.
5. The grass curtain device for weeding, fertilizer preserving and water preserving for tobacco as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grass curtain body (1) is provided with a plurality of planting holes (2) at equal intervals.
6. A grass screen device for weeding, fertilizer preserving and water preserving for tobacco as claimed in claim 5, wherein the planting holes (2) are square with a side length of 8-10 cm, and every two planting holes (2) are equidistantly spaced by 55-60 cm.
CN201921446266.3U 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device Active CN211210774U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921446266.3U CN211210774U (en) 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921446266.3U CN211210774U (en) 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211210774U true CN211210774U (en) 2020-08-11

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CN201921446266.3U Active CN211210774U (en) 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 Tobacco weeding, fertilizer conservation, for water conservation grass curtain device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116530379A (en) * 2023-06-16 2023-08-04 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 Lodging-resistant high-yield planting method for rice

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116530379A (en) * 2023-06-16 2023-08-04 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 Lodging-resistant high-yield planting method for rice

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