CN206237971U - A kind of planting machine - Google Patents

A kind of planting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206237971U
CN206237971U CN201621343177.2U CN201621343177U CN206237971U CN 206237971 U CN206237971 U CN 206237971U CN 201621343177 U CN201621343177 U CN 201621343177U CN 206237971 U CN206237971 U CN 206237971U
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China
Prior art keywords
tractor
guide rail
planting
soil
slide plate
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CN201621343177.2U
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Inventor
王志文
逯振国
杨扬
尹广俊
王通
张媛媛
姜考
芦艳洁
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of planting machine, including tractor, and mechanism of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;Seedling picking mechanism is provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage sapling is provided with the side of tractor, seedling picking mechanism is used to that the sapling in seedling box to be taken out and is placed into the tree well for having dug;Dipper crowding gear is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of sapling and by soil pressure reality for soil to be pushed back.The utility model planting machine combines the overall process of tree planting, from digging pit, putting seedling to fill compaction, can disposably complete and can realize uninterruptedly working continuously, can completely substitute traditional artificial planting, operating efficiency is improve, while saving manpower and materials.And the adjustable line-spacing planted trees, to adapt to tree planting requirement of the different trees to line space, operation process more meets actual demand, practical, and its effect is obvious, effect is significant.

Description

A kind of planting machine
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of planting machine, belongs to Garden Engineering field of mechanical technique.
Background technology
Greening is the freshener of air, in the serious region of atmosphere pollution, it is necessary to constantly expand green coverage, is often adopted Tree planting mode major part is manually to dig pit, put seedling and banket, and not only consumes excessive man power and material, and efficiency is very It is low.
Now, some mechanical Tree-planting devices are occurred in that on the market, can to a certain extent substitute traditional implant Tree mode.For example, Chinese patent literature CN2719017Y discloses a kind of automatic tree planting vehicle, the automatic tree planting vehicle takes including vehicle Power device, mechanism of digging pit, trailing bar, compacting block and hydraulic system, mechanism of digging pit are made up of drill bit with the splined shaft for being cased with bevel gear, The one end of splined shaft with spline is connected with drill bit, and the other end is connected by flange with the piston rod of hydraulic system;Vehicle power taking The output shaft of device coordinates with bevel gear with the bevel gear of splined shaft;The output shaft of vehicle power takeoff also connects liquid by hydraulic pump Pressure system;Hydraulic system connection trailing bar, compacting block.But, the automatic tree planting vehicle is not carried out the mistake for taking sapling automatically, planting trees Journey, the automation of the process that is not carried out entirely planting trees, full-automatic planting machine that can't at last truly.
Chinese patent literature CN204090484U discloses a kind of Tree planting vehicle that can automatically dig pit and water, the Tree planting vehicle bag Include sweep, roller, store up seedling room, dig pit mechanism and mechanism of watering, mechanism of digging pit is the screw rod with spiral cutter head, in circular knife Disk is arranged right below perforate, and screw rod is controlled by motor, and motor is controlled by cylinder;Mechanism water including pouring water tank and water tank company Logical cylinder body, the first capping is provided with the connectivity part of cylinder body and water tank, and the work that can vertically lift is additionally provided with cylinder body Plug, piston carry through hole, piston upper surface with second capping, piston upside be connected with connecting rod, be additionally provided with water tank into The mouth of a river, cylinder body side is connected with outlet pipe, and the water side of outlet pipe is located at perforate upside.The Tree planting vehicle can be after good hole be dug It is automatic to be watered toward hole the inside, but the Tree planting vehicle cannot to having planted sapling after carry out fill compaction, groups of people can only be substituted Work tree planting operation.
In general, tree planting machinery on the market belongs to complementary mechanical facility mostly, the energy during artificial planting Process portion is enough substituted, but there is also problems:
1st, the planting machine for currently using, it is impossible to the complete tree planting work of complete completion;Shortcoming:Still need manually to carry out two Subjob.
2nd, existing pit-picker mainly has two kinds of forms:(1) auger rod-type is used using (2) of furrowing type;Shortcoming:Such as Fruit and is not suitable for larger trees and used using the Mechanical Driven of relatively high power the need for furrowing type;If using auger Rod-type, the small gasoline engine of small-sized use drives, and large-scale use tractor drives power transmission shaft to drive, the more difficult control of rotating speed System, is difficult earthen backfill in which can get rid of soil farther out.
What the 3rd, existing mechanism of digging pit was small-sized carries out position movement by manpower, and large-scale is then on powerful tractor Suspension;Shortcoming:Small-sized labour intensity is larger, and the more difficult control of line space, and tree well arrangement is difficult to be arranged in a linear and deep Degree is also not easily controlled;It is large-scale then because when tractor is walked, deflecting roller is probably due to there is the inclined of direction in Uneven road From, and because car walk, stop by people's control, line space it is difficult to ensure that.
4th, existing seedling picking mechanism, it is most of to be only applicable to small-sized sapling or be only applicable to large-scale sapling.Shortcoming:Make It is smaller with scope.
5th, present seedling picking mechanism is only integrally fixed on an only rotatable platform;Shortcoming:It is difficult to be applied to row Between require different trees, nor can guarantee that sapling be it is vertical be put into tree well, cannot be carried out by planting machine again The work of next station.
6th, existing mechanism of banketing is less, and what application was more now is exactly the padding machine being adapted with furrowing type pit-picker Structure, by two guide plates, by earthen backfill;Shortcoming:It cannot be guaranteed that the root of sapling is covered by soil completely.
7th, can not be compacted for the soil of backfill by existing planting machine;Shortcoming:Not by soil pressure in fact just occur because blow by The problem that trees are blown down.
8th, the workbench of existing planting machine is integrally fixed on vehicle, and workbench can not horizontal, lengthwise movement;Lack Point:Because can not horizontal, lengthwise movement, requirement of the different trees to line space cannot be adapted to.
9th, existing mechanism of digging pit, the more difficult control of speed of digging pit downwards;Shortcoming:Occur because position of digging pit moves down Excessive velocities, drive mechanism crosses cultivation, damages machine.
Therefore, need a kind of full-automatic planting machine of design badly, realize the unmanned operation of whole tree planting process, be finally reached and carry The purpose of tree planting effect high and tree planting efficiency.
Utility model content
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of full-automatic, fluid pressure type planting machine, and the planting machine can be complete It is complete to substitute artificial planting, while tree planting efficiency and tree planting effect can be greatly improved.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of planting machine, including tractor, it is characterised in that
Mechanism of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;
Seedling picking mechanism is provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage sapling, seedling taking machine are provided with the side of tractor Structure is used to that the sapling in seedling box to be taken out and is placed into the tree well for having dug;
Dipper crowding gear is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of sapling and by soil pressure reality for soil to be pushed back.
Preferably, the mechanism of digging pit includes translating device, lowering or hoisting gear and excavating gear, and wherein translating device is arranged on On tractor, lowering or hoisting gear is connected with translating device, and the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear connects excavating gear by the first platform.
Preferably, the translating device includes the first servomotor, the first worm gearing, the first leading screw, the One guide rail and the first slide plate, wherein the first guide rails assembling is on tractor, the two ends of the first leading screw are arranged on the first guide rail, the One end drive connection that one servomotor passes through the first worm gearing and the first leading screw, the first slide plate and the first leading screw It is threadedly coupled and is moved by the first guide rail.
Preferably, the lowering or hoisting gear includes that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder, first are oriented to slide bar and the first guide pad, the first liquid The cylinder body of telescoping cylinder is pressed to be arranged on the first slide plate, the piston rod of the first hydraulically extensible cylinder connects the first platform, the first guide pad On the first slide plate, the first guiding slide bar is slidably connected with the first guide pad and the bottom of the first guiding slide bar is connected first Platform.This design is advantageous in that, by increasing by the first guiding slide bar and the first guide pad, it is ensured that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder The stability that the first platform is upper and lower and excavating gear is in mining process is driven in lifting process.
Preferably, the excavating gear includes hydraulic motor, worm type of reduction gearing and auger stem, wherein hydraulic motor It is arranged on the first platform with worm type of reduction gearing, hydraulic motor is connected with worm type of reduction gearing, worm and gear Decelerator is connected with auger stem.This design is advantageous in that, from hydraulic motor and the power combination of worm type of reduction gearing, To drive auger stem to rotate and coordinate lowering or hoisting gear to realize that auger stem is digged pit downwards in rotation, this set power combination power Powerful and good stability, and it is easy to the maintaining in later stage.
Preferably, the seedling picking mechanism include seedling taking manipulator, rotation platform, the second slide plate, the second guide rail, second Thick stick, the second servomotor and the second worm gearing, wherein the two ends of the second guide rail are slidably arranged in tractor two Side, the two ends of the second leading screw are arranged on the second guide rail, and the second servomotor passes through the second worm gearing and second One end drive connection of leading screw, seedling taking manipulator is arranged on rotation platform, and rotation platform is arranged on the second slide plate, and second slides Plate is connected with the second threads of lead screw and is moved by the second guide rail.
Preferably, the dipper crowding gear includes rotating disk, the 3rd slide plate, the 3rd leading screw, the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd servo electricity Machine, the 3rd worm gearing, hydraulic machinery arm, bulldozing device and compaction apparatus, wherein the two ends of the 3rd guide rail are slided Dynamic to be arranged on tractor both sides, the two ends of the 3rd leading screw are arranged on the 3rd guide rail, and the 3rd servomotor passes through the 3rd worm gear snail Bar transmission device and the 3rd leading screw one end are connected, and the 3rd slide plate is connected with the 3rd threads of lead screw and is moved by the 3rd guide rail It is dynamic, the rotating disk described in two is symmetrical arranged on the 3rd slide plate, described hydraulic machinery arm, hydraulic machinery are set in rotating disk Arm connects bulldozing device and compaction apparatus.
Preferably, the bulldozing device includes soil-shifting main body, ejector dozer, pushing block and the second hydraulically extensible cylinder, wherein bulldozing The upper end of main body is provided with suspension bracket, and the outside of ejector dozer is connected by pin with the bottom of soil-shifting main body, and the inner side top of ejector dozer leads to Cross spring to be connected with pushing block side, top and the suspension bracket of pushing block are hinged, the cylinder body of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder is connected with suspension bracket, second The piston rod of hydraulically extensible cylinder is hinged with pushing block side.This design is advantageous in that, by the second hydraulically extensible cylinder offer power Pushing block, pushing block is driven to drive ejector dozer to realize that ejector dozer is bulldozed to inner side, be finally completed and banketed to the tree well that cultivation has sapling.
Preferably, the soil-shifting main body is in half truncated cone-shaped, and two-layer ejector dozer, every layer of ejector dozer are provided with soil-shifting main body It is arranged in order by multiple ejector dozers and is surrounded.This design is advantageous in that soil-shifting body design is into half truncated cone-shaped and is bulldozing Two-layer ejector dozer is set in main body, effectively can be gathered in propulsion tree well soil, reduce leakage soil, realizing once bulldozing will set Hole is filled up.
It is further preferred that two-layer ejector dozer is in shift to install.The advantage of this design is that ejector dozer is in shift to install, Soil can be reduced to be missed between two ejector dozers.
Preferably, the compaction apparatus include that firming plate, second are oriented to slide bar, the second guide pad and the 3rd hydraulically extensible Cylinder, the top of the second guiding slide bar is fixedly connected with suspension bracket, and the second guide pad is slidably arranged on the second guiding slide bar and second The bottom of guide pad is connected with firming plate, and the cylinder body of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder is hinged with suspension bracket, the piston of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder Bar is hinged with firming plate.
Preferably, the tractor selects truck tractor.This design advantage be, can using truck tractor To improve adaptability of the planting machine to landform, while also allowing for ensureing that tractor walking path is straight line, it is ensured that the straight line of tree planting Property.
Preferably, intelligence control system, the intelligence control system and mechanism of digging pit, seedling taking are provided with the tractor Mechanism, dipper crowding gear electrical connection, for realizing programmed operation.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1st, the utility model planting machine combines the overall process of tree planting, using the planting machine from dig pit, put seedling to Fill compaction, can disposably complete and can realize uninterruptedly working continuously, and can completely substitute traditional artificial planting, improve Operating efficiency, while save manpower and materials.
2nd, the utility model planting machine is different from tree planting equipment on the market, the planting machine can transverse shifting dig pit, can indulge To, transverse shifting put seedling and can laterally, banketing and system for compacting of vertically moving, and the adjustable line-spacing planted trees, to adapt to Tree planting requirement of the different trees to line space, more meets actual demand, practical.
3rd, the utility model planting machine high degree of automation, can realize the unmanned operation during planting trees, with low Cost, high efficiency, can meet it is different plantation require etc. various advantages, its effect substantially, effect is significant, with good economic valency Value and market efficiency, are worthy of popularization.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model planting machine;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of mechanism of being digged pit in the utility model planting machine;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of seedling picking mechanism in the utility model planting machine;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of dipper crowding gear in the utility model planting machine;
Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram I of dipper crowding gear in the utility model planting machine;
Fig. 6 is the partial schematic diagram II of dipper crowding gear in the utility model planting machine;
Wherein:1st, dig pit mechanism;101st, the first platform;102nd, the first slide plate;103rd, first it is oriented to slide bar;104th, first lead To block;105th, the first hydraulically extensible cylinder;106th, hydraulic motor;107th, worm type of reduction gearing;108th, auger stem;109th, first Servomotor;110th, the first worm gearing;111st, the first leading screw;112nd, the first guide rail;2nd, seedling picking mechanism;201st, revolve Turn platform;202nd, the second slide plate;203rd, the second guide rail;204th, the second leading screw;205th, the second servomotor;206th, the second worm gear snail Bar transmission device;207th, seedling taking manipulator;208th, the first track;3rd, dipper crowding gear;301st, bulldozing device;302nd, rotating disk; 303rd, the 3rd slide plate;304th, the 3rd guide rail;305th, the 3rd leading screw;306th, the 3rd worm gearing;307th, the second track; 4th, vehicle body;5th, crawler belt;6th, driver's cabin;7th, the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder;8th, soil-shifting main body;9th, pushing block;10th, the second hydraulically extensible cylinder; 11st, second it is oriented to slide bar;12nd, ejector dozer;13rd, the second guide pad;14th, firming plate;15th, sell;16th, ejector dozer boss;17th, pushing block Boss;18th, outer layer ejector dozer;19th, internal layer ejector dozer;20th, spring.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described further below by embodiment and with reference to accompanying drawing, but not limited to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the present embodiment provides a kind of planting machine, including tractor, and the driver's cabin 6 of tractor is located at The left front of vehicle body 4, drives tractor and moves ahead and observable tree planting situation by driver, and tractor is crawler type in the present embodiment Tractor.
Mechanism 1 of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;
Seedling picking mechanism 2 is provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage sapling, seedling box position are provided with the side of tractor In the right positions of driver's cabin 6 and positioned at the front of seedling picking mechanism 2, seedling picking mechanism 2 is used to that the sapling in seedling box to be taken out and be placed To in the tree well for having dug;Multiple saplings can be placed in seedling box, is easy to continuous large-area operation.
Dipper crowding gear 3 is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of sapling and by soil pressure reality for soil to be pushed back.
Wherein, mechanism 1 is digged pit including translating device, lowering or hoisting gear and excavating gear, and wherein translating device is arranged on traction Chinese herbaceous peony end, lowering or hoisting gear is connected with translating device, and the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear connects excavating gear by the first platform.
Translating device includes the first servomotor 109, the first worm gearing 110, the first leading screw 111, first The slide plate 102 of guide rail 112 and first, wherein the first guide rail 112 is arranged on the front end of vehicle body 4, the two ends of the first leading screw 111 are arranged on the On one guide rail 112, the first servomotor 109 is driven by one end of the first worm gearing 110 and the first leading screw 111 Connection, the bottom of the first slide plate 102 is provided with sliding block, and the first slide plate 102 is threadedly coupled by the sliding block of bottom with the first leading screw 111 And move that (the first guide rail plays a part of the first slide plate of auxiliary and moves, and keeps the first slide plate moving process by the first guide rail 112 In stability).
Lowering or hoisting gear includes that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder 105, first is oriented to the guide pad 104 of slide bar 103 and first, the first hydraulic pressure The cylinder body of telescoping cylinder 105 is arranged on the first slide plate 102, and the piston rod of the first hydraulically extensible cylinder 105 connects the first platform 101, First guide pad 104 is arranged on the first slide plate 102, and first is oriented to slide bar 103 runs through the first guide pad 104 and the first guide pad 104 be slidably connected and first be oriented to slide bar 103 bottom connect the first platform 101.Slide bar 103 and the are oriented to by increasing by first One guide pad 104, it is ensured that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder 105 drives the first platform about 101 and excavates in lifting process Stability of the device in mining process.
Excavating gear includes hydraulic motor 106, worm type of reduction gearing 107 and auger stem 108, wherein hydraulic motor 106 and worm type of reduction gearing 107 be installed on the first platform 101, hydraulic motor 106 is passed with worm type of reduction gearing 107 Dynamic connection, worm type of reduction gearing 107 is connected with auger stem 108.From hydraulic motor and the power of worm type of reduction gearing Combine to drive auger stem to rotate and coordinate lowering or hoisting gear to realize that auger stem is digged pit downwards in rotation, this set power packages Powerful and good stability are closed, and is easy to the maintaining in later stage.Auger stem uses Seriation Design, for different saplings Trunk diameter, may be selected different model auger stem.
Wherein, seedling picking mechanism includes seedling taking manipulator 207, rotation platform 201, the second slide plate 202, the second guide rail 203, the Two leading screws 204, the second servomotor 205 and the second worm gearing 206, wherein the two ends of the second guide rail 203 are slided Dynamic to be arranged on the first track 208 of tractor both sides, the two ends of the second leading screw 204 are arranged on the second guide rail 203, and second watches Take motor 205 to be connected by one end of the second worm gearing 206 and the second leading screw 204, seedling taking manipulator 207 On rotation platform 201, rotation platform 201 is arranged on the second slide plate 202 and 180 ° of rotations can be realized on the second slide plate Turn, the bottom of the second slide plate 202 is provided with sliding block, the second slide plate 202 be threadedly coupled with the second leading screw 204 by sliding block and by Second guide rail 203 is moved (the second guide rail plays a part of the movement of the second slide plate of auxiliary).Seedling taking manipulator is hydraulic-driven, can be right Sapling in seedling box is effectively captured, and the position transfer of seedling taking manipulator is realized by rotation platform, is existed by seedling taking manipulator After taking out sapling in body forward structure seedling box, rotation seedling taking manipulator carries out the plantation of sapling to tail of the body.
Wherein, dipper crowding gear 3 includes rotating disk 302, the 3rd slide plate 303, the 3rd leading screw 305, the 3rd guide rail the 304, the 3rd Servomotor (not shown), the 3rd worm gearing 306, hydraulic machinery arm, bulldozing device 301 and compacting dress Put, wherein the two ends of the 3rd guide rail 304 are slidably arranged on the second track 307 of tractor both sides, the two ends of the 3rd leading screw 305 On the 3rd guide rail 304, the 3rd servomotor passes through the 3rd worm gearing 306 and the one end of the 3rd leading screw 305 Drive connection, the bottom of the 3rd slide plate 303 is provided with sliding block, and the 3rd slide plate 303 is threadedly coupled by sliding block with the 3rd leading screw 305 And (the 3rd guide rail plays a part of the 3rd slide plate of auxiliary and moves) is moved by the 3rd guide rail 304, symmetrically set on the 3rd slide plate 303 The rotating disk 302 described in two is put, rotating disk 302 can rotate on the 3rd slide plate 303, set described in rotating disk 302 Hydraulic machinery arm, hydraulic machinery arm connection bulldozing device and compaction apparatus.
Bulldozing device includes soil-shifting main body 8, ejector dozer 12, wherein the hydraulically extensible cylinder 10 of pushing block 9 and second, soil-shifting main body 8 Upper end be provided with suspension bracket, the outside of ejector dozer 12 is connected by pin 15 with the bottom of soil-shifting main body 8, the inner side top of ejector dozer 12 It is connected with the side of pushing block 9 by spring 20, top and the suspension bracket of pushing block 9 are hinged, the cylinder body and suspension bracket of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder 10 Connection, piston rod and the side of pushing block 9 of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder 10 are hinged.Power drive is provided by the second hydraulically extensible cylinder to push away Block, pushing block drives ejector dozer to realize that ejector dozer is bulldozed to inner side, is finally completed and the tree well that cultivation has sapling is banketed.
Soil-shifting main body 8 is in half truncated cone-shaped, and two-layer ejector dozer is provided with soil-shifting main body 8, and every layer of ejector dozer is by 23 Ejector dozer is arranged in order and surrounds.Soil-shifting body design sets two-layer ejector dozer into half truncated cone-shaped and in soil-shifting main body, can be with Effectively soil is gathered in propulsion tree well, leakage soil is reduced, realizing once bulldozing can fill up tree well.
Compaction apparatus include that firming plate 14, second is oriented to slide bar 11, the second guide pad 13 and the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder 7, the The tops of two guiding slide bars 11 are fixedly connected with suspension bracket, and the second guide pad 13 is slidably arranged on the second guiding slide bar 11 and second The bottom of guide pad 3 is connected with firming plate 14, and the cylinder body of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder 7 is hinged with suspension bracket, the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder 7 Piston rod is hinged with firming plate 14.Understand after the completion of bulldozing device soil-shifting around in tree well and stay circle soil, subsequently through firming After the soil pressure reality that plate will be backfilled, poured after the completion of tree well forms the convenient tree planting of pit.
It is provided with intelligence control system in tractor cab 6, intelligence control system and mechanism of digging pit, seedling picking mechanism, pushes away Press mechanism is electrically connected, for realizing programmed operation.The core of intelligence control system is embedded scm, can be previously entered plant Tree program simultaneously can require to change tree planting program according to different saplings and plantation, realize automating tree planting operation.
The technical scheme of the present embodiment, truck tractor provides power by internal combustion engine, and internal combustion engine provides complete equipment Power.Adaptability of the planting machine to landform can be improved using truck tractor, tree planting process vehicle body good stability, while It is easy to ensure that tractor walking path is straight line, it is ensured that the linearity of tree planting, while sapling can accurately be adjusted in the ranks Away from.Complete hydraulic system is provided with planting machine, for the hydraulic means on planting machine provides hydraulic oil and ensures its normal fortune OK.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of planting machine, as described in Example 1, its difference is structure:Two-layer ejector dozer includes internal layer ejector dozer 19 and outer layer ejector dozer 18, internal layer ejector dozer 19 and outer layer ejector dozer 18 are in shifting to install.Inside and outside two-layer ejector dozer sets in dislocation Put, soil can be reduced and missed between two ejector dozers.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of method of work of planting machine as described in Example 2, specifically includes following steps,
(1) before planting machine starts operation, tree planting program is first input into intelligence control system, tree planting program includes line space Parameter, tree well depth parameter and radius parameter of banketing;Then satisfactory auger stem 108 is selected, is put into seedling box and is waited to plant The sapling planted;
(2) planting machine is started, driver drives tractor, tree well depth parameter of the mechanism according to setting of digging pit, by first Hydraulically extensible cylinder 105 declines drive auger stem and digs and synchronously drive auger stem 108 to rotate by hydraulic motor 106 for 108 times, digs After going out a tree well, mechanism of digging pit is translated according to the line space parameter of setting by the first slide plate 102, drives auger stem 108 to move Next tree well position is moved, then next tree well is dug out according to tree well depth parameter by auger stem 108;
(3) after row's tree well digs out, driver drives tractor and moves forward, and is dug according to the method for step (2) successively Go out several rows of tree well;
(4) when there is row's tree well to occur at the rear of vehicle body 4, seedling picking mechanism 2 starts initiating task, seedling taking manipulator 207 Sapling is taken out from seedling box sapling is moved to by the rear of vehicle body 4 by rotation platform 201, and will set by seedling taking manipulator 207 Seedling is put into tree well, and then dipper crowding gear starts, and hydraulic machinery arm rotates exhibition by rotating disk 302 according to radius parameter of banketing Open, two bulldozing devices close up the soil push-in tree well of sapling both sides, then by the operation of firming plate 14 by the soil of the inner side of ejector dozer 12 It is compacted and makes tree well periphery to leave circle soil, is easy to follow-up pouring;
(5) seedling picking mechanism and dipper crowding gear are moved according to line space successively, and sapling is put into one according to the method for step (4) In row's tree well and by the way that dipper crowding gear is by soil push-in tree well and is compacted.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of planting machine, including tractor, it is characterised in that
Mechanism of digging pit is provided with the front portion of tractor, for digging out the tree well for planting tree seedlings;
Seedling picking mechanism is provided with the middle part of tractor, and the seedling box of storage sapling is provided with the side of tractor, seedling picking mechanism is used In taking out and be placed into the tree well for having dug the sapling in seedling box;
Dipper crowding gear is provided with the afterbody of tractor, is placed with the tree well of sapling and by soil pressure reality for soil to be pushed back.
2. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that it is described dig pit mechanism including translating device, lowering or hoisting gear and Excavating gear, wherein translating device are arranged on tractor, and lowering or hoisting gear is connected with translating device, and the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear passes through First platform connects excavating gear;
The translating device includes the first servomotor, the first worm gearing, the first leading screw, the first guide rail and first Slide plate, wherein the first guide rails assembling is on tractor, the two ends of the first leading screw are arranged on the first guide rail, and the first servomotor leads to One end drive connection of the first worm gearing and the first leading screw is crossed, the first slide plate is connected and borrows with the first threads of lead screw The first guide rail is helped to move;
The lowering or hoisting gear includes that the first hydraulically extensible cylinder, first are oriented to slide bar and the first guide pad, the first hydraulically extensible cylinder Cylinder body is arranged on the first slide plate, and the piston rod of the first hydraulically extensible cylinder connects the first platform, and the first guide pad is arranged on first On slide plate, the first guiding slide bar is slidably connected with the first guide pad and the bottom of the first guiding slide bar is connected the first platform;
The excavating gear includes hydraulic motor, worm type of reduction gearing and auger stem, wherein hydraulic motor and worm and gear Decelerator is arranged on the first platform, and hydraulic motor and worm type of reduction gearing are connected, worm type of reduction gearing and spiral shell Rotary drill bar is connected.
3. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the seedling picking mechanism include seedling taking manipulator, rotation platform, Second slide plate, the second guide rail, the second leading screw, the second servomotor and the second worm gearing, wherein the second guide rail Two ends be slidably arranged in tractor both sides, the two ends of the second leading screw are arranged on the second guide rail, and the second servomotor is by the One end drive connection of two worm gearings and the second leading screw, seedling taking manipulator is arranged on rotation platform, rotary flat Platform is arranged on the second slide plate, and the second slide plate is connected with the second threads of lead screw and is moved by the second guide rail.
4. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the dipper crowding gear includes rotating disk, the 3rd slide plate, the 3rd Leading screw, the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd servomotor, the 3rd worm gearing, hydraulic machinery arm, bulldozing device and compacting dress Put, wherein the two ends of the 3rd guide rail are slidably arranged in tractor both sides, the two ends of the 3rd leading screw are arranged on the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd Servomotor is by the 3rd worm gearing and the drive connection of the 3rd leading screw one end, the 3rd slide plate and the 3rd threads of lead screw Connect and simultaneously moved by the 3rd guide rail, the rotating disk described in two is symmetrical arranged on the 3rd slide plate, set described in rotating disk Hydraulic machinery arm, hydraulic machinery arm connection bulldozing device and compaction apparatus.
5. planting machine as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the bulldozing device includes soil-shifting main body, ejector dozer, pushing block With the second hydraulically extensible cylinder, the upper end of wherein soil-shifting main body is provided with suspension bracket, the bottom that the outside of ejector dozer passes through pin and soil-shifting main body Portion is connected, and the inner side top of ejector dozer is connected by spring with pushing block side, and top and the suspension bracket of pushing block are hinged, and the second hydraulic pressure is stretched The cylinder body of contracting cylinder is connected with suspension bracket, and piston rod and the pushing block side of the second hydraulically extensible cylinder are hinged.
6. planting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the soil-shifting main body is in half truncated cone-shaped, in soil-shifting main body Two-layer ejector dozer is provided with, every layer of ejector dozer is arranged in order by multiple ejector dozers and surrounds.
7. planting machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that two-layer ejector dozer is in shifting to install.
8. planting machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the compaction apparatus include firming plate, second be oriented to slide bar, Second guide pad and the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder, the top of the second guiding slide bar are fixedly connected with suspension bracket, and the second guide pad is slided and set Put on the second guiding slide bar and the bottom of the second guide pad is connected with firming plate, cylinder body and the suspension bracket of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder cut with scissors Connect, piston rod and the firming plate of the 3rd hydraulically extensible cylinder are hinged.
9. planting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that intelligence control system is provided with the tractor, it is described Intelligence control system is electrically connected with mechanism of digging pit, seedling picking mechanism, dipper crowding gear, for realizing programmed operation.
CN201621343177.2U 2016-12-08 2016-12-08 A kind of planting machine Active CN206237971U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107864725A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-04-03 庞海涛 A kind of garden shrub species transplant robot
CN108112308A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 钟建筑 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree
CN109041671A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-21 温州大学瓯江学院 A kind of afforestation trolley
CN111656911A (en) * 2020-06-26 2020-09-15 王涛 Digging device for planting ecological nursery stocks and operation method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107864725A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-04-03 庞海涛 A kind of garden shrub species transplant robot
CN107864725B (en) * 2017-11-20 2020-08-04 山东鑫诚现代农业科技有限责任公司 Garden shrub transplanting robot
CN108112308A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-05 钟建筑 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree
CN109041671A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-21 温州大学瓯江学院 A kind of afforestation trolley
CN111656911A (en) * 2020-06-26 2020-09-15 王涛 Digging device for planting ecological nursery stocks and operation method

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