CN108112308A - The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree - Google Patents

The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108112308A
CN108112308A CN201711466388.4A CN201711466388A CN108112308A CN 108112308 A CN108112308 A CN 108112308A CN 201711466388 A CN201711466388 A CN 201711466388A CN 108112308 A CN108112308 A CN 108112308A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stent
chassis
motor
pit
digging
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711466388.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟建筑
Original Assignee
钟建筑
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 钟建筑 filed Critical 钟建筑
Priority to CN201711466388.4A priority Critical patent/CN108112308A/en
Publication of CN108112308A publication Critical patent/CN108112308A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting

Abstract

The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree, belong to Urban Greening apparatus field, the compartment is fixedly connected with chassis, the stent of digging pit is connected with chassis, the ultrasonic sensor is fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, the first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, first motor is fixedly connected with adapter, the adapter is connected with drill bit, second motor is fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, the universal wheel is fixedly connected with chassis, the second hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the 3rd stent, the pressure sensor is connected with second hydraulic cylinder, the controller is fixedly connected with chassis, the platform is fixedly connected with chassis, its position is located at the top on chassis, the invention passes through ultrasonic sensor detection and the distance of first support, so as to detect the distance of drill bit and ground;Ultrasonic sensor is transmitted to controller by signal is detected, and controller receives signal and handles signal, and control first hydraulic cylinder drives downwards, while controller controls the rotation of the first motor, so as to drive the rotation of adapter, so as to which rotary head be driven to complete pit digging work.

Description

The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind trees with automatic pit digging filling device, specifically pass through controller and control turning for drill bit It moves, and passes through motor to realize the device for filling up heatable adobe sleeping platform automatically, belong to Urban Greening apparatus field.
Background technology
With greatly developing for China's modernization construction, the problems such as domestic atmosphere pollution and soil erosion, is more and more tighter Again, in order to mitigate atmosphere pollution and water and soil flowing water the problems such as, and also to beautify the environment, keep ecological balance, plant trees It being particularly important, country increasingly paid attention to Urban Greening in recent years, and domestic each area can all plant many trees every year, Cultivated area is also increased in western desert area simultaneously, but since cultivated area is big, it is necessary to which a large amount of labours, it is green to influence China Change the development built.
Most kind of tree work is that the sapling that needs are planted by worker transports to specific place, worker's iron at present Shovel takes sizeable hole, and suitable distance is also kept while digging pit, and then a people enters sapling kind, another person It needs uniformly to fill out the soil around sapling, but since cultivated area is big, so needing substantial amounts of labour, and plants tree work Efficiency is low.
The content of the invention
Against the above deficiency, the present invention provides a kind trees with automatic pit digging filling device.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree including compartment, is dug Cheat stent, ultrasonic sensor, first hydraulic cylinder, first support, the first motor, adapter, drill bit, wheel, second electronic Machine, second support, chassis, universal wheel, fixing bolt, fixed pedestal, slide, the first driving lever, the second driving lever, the 3rd stent, Two hydraulic cylinders, pressure sensor, motor base, three-motor, the 4th motor, controller and platform, the compartment with Chassis is fixedly connected, and position is located at the top on chassis, and the stent of digging pit is connected with chassis, the ultrasonic sensor with Stent of digging pit is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, and the first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, Position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, and the first support is fixedly connected with the first motor, and position is located at first hydraulic cylinder Lower section, first motor is fixedly connected with adapter, and position is located at the top of adapter, the adapter and drill bit It is connected, position is located at the top of drill bit, and the wheel is connected with the second motor, and position, which is located at, digs pit under stent Side, second motor are fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, the universal wheel and chassis It is fixedly connected, position is located at the lower section on chassis, and the fixed screw is fixedly connected with fixed pedestal, and position is located at fixed base The lower section of seat, the fixed pedestal are fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, the slide and bottom Disk is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section on chassis, and the 3rd stent is fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at the upper of chassis Side, the second hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the 3rd stent, and position is located at the lower section of the 3rd stent, the pressure sensor and Second hydraulic cylinder is connected, and position is located at the lower section of second hydraulic cylinder, and the motor base is fixed with pressure sensor to be connected It connects, position is located at the lower section of pressure sensor, and the three-motor is fixedly connected with motor base, and position is located at electricity The lower section of motivation pedestal, the 4th motor are fixedly connected with motor base, and position is located at the lower section of motor base, The controller is fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at the top on chassis, and the platform is fixedly connected with chassis, position position In the top on chassis.
The universal wheel includes the 4th stent, turntable, the 5th stent and deflecting roller, the 4th stent and turntable phase Connection, position are located at the top of turntable, and the turntable is connected with the 5th stent, and position is located under turntable Side, the deflecting roller are connected with the 5th stent, and position is located at below the 4th stent.
The drill bit is located at the lower section of adapter, can replace.
The structure of the stent of digging pit is S types.
The usefulness of the invention is that the invention is by ultrasonic sensor detection and the distance of first support, so as to examine The distance on drill bit and ground is surveyed, ultrasonic sensor is transmitted to controller by signal is detected, and controller receives signal and handles signal, Control first hydraulic cylinder drives downwards, while controller controls the rotation of the first motor, so as to drive the rotation of adapter, from And rotary head is driven to complete pit digging work;The distance of dig pit stent and compartment can be adjusted by rotary fixing screw bolt, so as to adjust The interval planted trees;The flexible of second hydraulic cylinder, while pressure sensor detection driving lever and the phase between ground are controlled by controller Interreaction force makes second hydraulic cylinder stop after stretching to suitable distance flexible, while three-motor and the 4th motor It rotates, drives the rotation of the first driving lever and the second driving lever respectively, so as to which the soil on hole side is pushed in hole, complete work of banketing;Vehicle There is platform by compartment, people stands in platform, sapling is placed in hole, then adapting device buries soil, so as to complete to bury sapling vertically In soil.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the bottom substance schematic diagram of Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the side rear structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the side bottom structure diagram of Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the Universal wheel structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is overlooking the structure diagram in Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is oblique overlooking the structure diagram in Fig. 1 of the present invention;
In figure, 1, compartment, 2, stent of digging pit, 3, ultrasonic sensor, 4, first hydraulic cylinder, 5, first support, 6, first Motor, 7, adapter, 8, drill bit, 9, wheel, the 10, second motor, 11, second support, 12, chassis, 13, universal wheel, 1301st, the 4th stent, 1302, turntable, the 1303, the 5th stent, 1304, deflecting roller, 14, fixing bolt, 15, fixed pedestal, 16th, slide, the 17, first driving lever, the 18, second driving lever, the 19, the 3rd stent, 20, second hydraulic cylinder, 21, pressure sensor, 22, electricity Motivation pedestal, 23, three-motor, the 24, the 4th motor, 25, controller, 26, platform.
Specific embodiment
What the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree including compartment 1, is dug Cheat stent 2, ultrasonic sensor 3, first hydraulic cylinder 4, first support 5, the first motor 6, adapter 7, drill bit 8, wheel 9, Second motor 10, second support 11, chassis 12, universal wheel 13, fixing bolt 14, fixed pedestal 15, slide 16, the first driving lever 17th, the second driving lever 18, the 3rd stent 19, second hydraulic cylinder 20, pressure sensor 21, motor base 22, three-motor 23, 4th motor 24, controller 25 and platform 26, the compartment 1 are fixedly connected with chassis 12, and position is located at the upper of chassis 12 Side, compartment 1 are used for loading sapling, and the stent 2 of digging pit is connected with chassis 12, the ultrasonic sensor 3 and stent 2 of digging pit It is fixedly connected, position is located at the lower section for stent 2 of digging pit, and by the detection of ultrasonic sensor 3 and the distance of first support, will examine The signal measured sends controller 25 to, and the first hydraulic cylinder 4 is fixedly connected with stent 2 of digging pit, and position is located at branch of digging pit The lower section of frame 2, by the distance between the telescopic adjustment drill bit 8 of first hydraulic cylinder 4 and ground, the first support 5 and first Motor 6 is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section of first hydraulic cylinder 4, and first motor 6 is fixedly connected with adapter 7, Its position is located at the top of adapter 7, by the rotation of the first motor 6, can drive the rotation of adapter 7, the switching First 7 are connected with drill bit 8, and position is located at the top of drill bit 8, by the rotation of adapter 7, can drive the rotation of drill bit 8, The wheel 9 is connected with the second motor 10, and position is located at the lower section for stent 2 of digging pit, and second motor 10 is with digging Hole stent 2 is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section for stent 2 of digging pit, by the rotation of the second motor 10, with motor car wheel 9 It rotates, the universal wheel 13 is fixedly connected with chassis 12, and position is located at the lower section on chassis 12, and the fixing bolt 14 is with fixing Pedestal 15 is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section of fixed pedestal 15, and branch of digging pit can be adjusted by the rotation of fixing bolt 14 The distance between frame 2 and compartment 1, the fixed pedestal 15 are fixedly connected with stent 2 of digging pit, and position is located at stent 2 of digging pit Lower section, the slide 16 are fixedly connected with chassis 12, and position is located at the lower section on chassis 12, the 3rd stent 19 and chassis 12 It is fixedly connected, position is located at the top on chassis 12, and the second hydraulic cylinder 20 is fixedly connected with the 3rd stent 19, position position In the lower section of the 3rd stent 19, by the flexible of second hydraulic cylinder 20, the first driving lever 17 and the second driving lever 18 and ground can be adjusted The distance in face, the pressure sensor 21 are connected with second hydraulic cylinder 20, and position is located at the lower section of second hydraulic cylinder 20, institute It states motor base 22 to be fixedly connected with pressure sensor 21, position is located at the lower section of pressure sensor 21, the 3rd electricity Motivation 23 is fixedly connected with motor base 22, and position is located at the lower section of motor base 22, passes through three-motor 23 It rotates, the rotation of the first driving lever 17 can be driven, the 4th motor 24 is fixedly connected with motor base 22, position position In the lower section of motor base 22, by the rotation of the 4th motor 24, the rotation of the second driving lever 18, the control can be driven Device 25 is fixedly connected with chassis 12, and position is located at the top on chassis 12, and the platform 26 is fixedly connected with chassis 12, position Positioned at the top on chassis 12, people are placed on the sapling in compartment 1 in the hole dug by standing on platform 26.
The universal wheel 13 includes the 4th stent 1301, turntable 1302, the 5th stent 1303 and deflecting roller 1304, described 4th stent 1301 is connected with turntable 1302, and position is located at the top of turntable 1302, the turntable 1302 and Five stents 1303 are connected, and position is located at the lower section of turntable 1302, and the deflecting roller 1304 is connected with the 5th stent 1303 It connects, position is located at 1301 lower section of the 4th stent.
The drill bit 8 is located at the lower section of adapter 7, can replace.
The structure of the stent 2 of digging pit is S types.
Operation principle:The original state of the present apparatus is the first motor 6, the second motor 10, three-motor 23 and the Four motor 24 are in the state that shuts down, and first hydraulic cylinder 4 and second hydraulic cylinder 20 are in contraction state, use the present apparatus When, worker places sapling in compartment 1 first, rotary fixing screw bolt 14, adjusts dig pit stent 2 and 1 suitable distance of compartment, people It stands in platform, opens controller 25, the detection of ultrasonic sensor 3 and the distance of first support 5, detection signal is transmitted to control In device 25 processed, controller 25 receives and handles signal, and control first hydraulic cylinder 4 is stretched, while controls turning for the first motor 6 It is dynamic, by the rotation of the first motor 6, the rotation of adapter 7 is driven, the rotation of drill bit 8 is driven by the rotation of adapter 7, So as to complete pit digging work, controller 25 controls the second motor 10 to rotate, the rotation with motor car wheel 9, so as to drive the device Movement, controller 25 control the device the first driving lever 17 and the second driving lever 18 position with hole position it is identical, stand at this time People on platform is placed on sapling in hole, and controller 25 controls the flexible of second hydraulic cylinder 20, while the detection of pressure sensor 21 is dialled Interaction force between bar and ground makes second hydraulic cylinder 20 stop after stretching to suitable distance, while three-motor 23 With the rotation of the 4th motor 24, the rotation of the first driving lever 17 and the second driving lever 18 is driven respectively, so as to which the soil on hole side is pushed In hole, work of banketing is completed, at the same time, controller 25 controls the first motor 6 to complete corresponding pit digging work, so past It is multiple, it completes automatic pit digging and bankets work.
For the ordinary skill in the art, introduction according to the present invention, do not depart from the principle of the present invention with In the case of spirit, the changes, modifications, replacement and the modification that are carried out to embodiment still fall within protection scope of the present invention it It is interior.

Claims (4)

1. the automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree, including compartment, stent of digging pit, ultrasonic sensor, first hydraulic cylinder, One stent, the first motor, adapter, drill bit, wheel, the second motor, second support, chassis, universal wheel, fixing bolt, Fixed pedestal, slide, the first driving lever, the second driving lever, the 3rd stent, second hydraulic cylinder, pressure sensor, motor base, Three-motor, the 4th motor, controller and platform, it is characterised in that:The compartment is fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at The top on chassis, the stent of digging pit are connected with chassis, and the ultrasonic sensor is fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, position Positioned at the lower section for stent of digging pit, the first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with stent of digging pit, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, The first support is fixedly connected with the first motor, and position is located at the lower section of first hydraulic cylinder, first motor with Adapter is fixedly connected, and position is located at the top of adapter, and the adapter is connected with drill bit, and position is located at drill bit Top, the wheel are connected with the second motor, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, and second motor is with digging pit Stent is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, and the universal wheel is fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at chassis Lower section, the fixed screw is fixedly connected with fixed pedestal, and position is located at the lower section of fixed pedestal, the fixed pedestal with Stent of digging pit is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section for stent of digging pit, and the slide is fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at bottom The lower section of disk, the 3rd stent are fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at the top on chassis, the second hydraulic cylinder and the 3rd Stent is fixedly connected, and position is located at the lower section of the 3rd stent, and the pressure sensor is connected with second hydraulic cylinder, position Positioned at the lower section of second hydraulic cylinder, the motor base is fixedly connected with pressure sensor, and position is located at pressure sensor Lower section, the three-motor is fixedly connected with motor base, and position is located at the lower section of motor base, the described 4th Motor is fixedly connected with motor base, and position is located at the lower section of motor base, and the controller is fixed with chassis to be connected It connects, position is located at the top on chassis, and the platform is fixedly connected with chassis, and position is located at the top on chassis.
2. the automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The universal wheel includes the Four stents, turntable, the 5th stent and deflecting roller, the 4th stent are connected with turntable, and position is located at turntable Top, the turntable are connected with the 5th stent, and position is located at the lower section of turntable, the deflecting roller and the 5th stent phase Connection, position are located at below the 4th stent.
3. the automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The drill bit is located at switching The lower section of head, can replace.
4. the automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The knot of the stent of digging pit Structure is S types.
CN201711466388.4A 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree CN108112308A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711466388.4A CN108112308A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711466388.4A CN108112308A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108112308A true CN108112308A (en) 2018-06-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711466388.4A CN108112308A (en) 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 The automatic pit digging filling device of a kind tree

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108934699A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-07 安徽省华腾农业科技有限公司 A kind of tree-planting method
CN109005755A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 徐亮 A kind of multi-functional agricultural brill hole earth-moving equipment
CN110122026A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-08-16 华南农业大学 A kind of rotating down pressing fertilizer apparatus
CN110666809A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-01-10 浙江科技学院 Tree planting robot

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004290191A (en) * 2003-03-11 2004-10-21 Kimura:Kk Soil improving machine
CN2719017Y (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-08-24 重庆工学院 Automatic tree planting vehicle
CN206024464U (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-03-22 马俊 Gardens are planted and are used intelligent earth boring machine
CN206212621U (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-06-06 杨航 A kind of seedling growth pit-picker
CN206237971U (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-06-13 山东科技大学 A kind of planting machine
CN106961884A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-21 新疆农业大学 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004290191A (en) * 2003-03-11 2004-10-21 Kimura:Kk Soil improving machine
CN2719017Y (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-08-24 重庆工学院 Automatic tree planting vehicle
CN206024464U (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-03-22 马俊 Gardens are planted and are used intelligent earth boring machine
CN206212621U (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-06-06 杨航 A kind of seedling growth pit-picker
CN206237971U (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-06-13 山东科技大学 A kind of planting machine
CN106961884A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-21 新疆农业大学 A kind of automatic planting machine of sacsaoul

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108934699A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-12-07 安徽省华腾农业科技有限公司 A kind of tree-planting method
CN109005755A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 徐亮 A kind of multi-functional agricultural brill hole earth-moving equipment
CN110122026A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-08-16 华南农业大学 A kind of rotating down pressing fertilizer apparatus
CN110122026B (en) * 2019-04-22 2020-05-15 华南农业大学 Rotary downward-pressing fertilizing device
CN110666809A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-01-10 浙江科技学院 Tree planting robot

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Application publication date: 20180605