CN205082370U - Do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape - Google Patents

Do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205082370U
CN205082370U CN201520775373.6U CN201520775373U CN205082370U CN 205082370 U CN205082370 U CN 205082370U CN 201520775373 U CN201520775373 U CN 201520775373U CN 205082370 U CN205082370 U CN 205082370U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete column
iron wire
type
cross bar
greenhouse
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520775373.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏道广
孙中礼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XUZHOU NONGJIAHUAN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
XUZHOU NONGJIAHUAN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XUZHOU NONGJIAHUAN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical XUZHOU NONGJIAHUAN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520775373.6U priority Critical patent/CN205082370U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205082370U publication Critical patent/CN205082370U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape, including concrete column (1), horizontal pole (2), iron wire (3), do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape's line is to being the east west trend, and concrete column (1) has been arranged in proper order to every capable rack, set up on concrete column (1) horizontal pole (2), set up iron wire (3) on horizontal pole (2), iron wire (3) are 7, environmental data monitoring devices is installed in concrete column (1), temperature sensor, humidity transducer, power module and LED display module are connected with MCU respectively among the environmental data monitoring devices, and soil conductivity sensor and soil pH value sensor are connected with MCU behind AD conversion module. This do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape can save rack frame material, improves the fruit quality, reduces the disease, prunes labor - and time -saving moreover, can also monitor the ambient conditions in the greenhouse, greatly improves the benefit that the grape was planted.

Description

The dry flat frame of Y type in greenhouse controlling
Technical field
The utility model relates to the dry flat frame of Y type in a kind of fruit growing and facility cultivation field, particularly a kind of greenhouse controlling.
Background technology
Greenhouse controlling due to maturation early, high efficiency is in the eighties in 20th century---take at the beginning of 21 century based on hedge frame high-density planting more.Because setting fruit position is low, disease is very serious, and annual laxative number of times is more than 20 times; Add that greenhouse rich water is sufficient, the young sprout of vertical growth, must carry out pinching repeatedly and prune control, the amount of labour used is very big, and the grape quality of production is not high yet.The management of its Summer and winter often requires experience and the higher human users of technology, thus occurs the phenomenon that fruit quality between vineyard, managerial skills are widely different.
Pergola system utilizes the materials such as bamboo wood, cement, metal to be barricaded as frame, support a kind of cultivation method of fixing crop, pergola system can make full use of soil space, be convenient to operation on the ground simultaneously, improve the ventilation and lighting condition of crop, reduce strong wind, sick worm, the harm brought of burning day, improve crop yield and quality, in current pergola system technology, flat pergola system technology is most widely used.But traditional flat frame is capable and be interconnected between row, the growth of grape branch intersection, fruit illumination is inadequate, and the summer cut and waste time and energy, to viticulture, personnel bring inconvenience, traditional flat frame cannot monitor planting environment simultaneously, and cultivation personnel, by understanding the temperature/humidity of planting environment at warm indoor suspension thermometer and moisture meter, consume a large amount of manpower and materials.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the dry flat frame of Y type in a kind of greenhouse controlling, and this frame can save frame frame material, improves fruit quality, reduce disease, and pruning saving of work and time, the ambient conditions in greenhouse can also be monitored, greatly improve the benefit of wine-growing.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: comprise concrete column, cross bar, iron wire, in described greenhouse controlling, the row of the dry flat frame of Y type is to for east-west, often row frame is arranged in sequence with concrete column, distance between adjacent concrete column is 4 meters, each concrete column upper end arranges the cross bar of North and South direction, described cross bar arranges east-west iron wire, described iron wire is 7, a middle iron wire is positioned at above concrete column, and other iron wire is distributed on cross bar to North and South direction is parallel centered by a middle iron wire.
Described concrete column underground buried depth is 0.5 meter, and terrestrial reference height is 1.5-1.8 rice; The length of described cross bar is 1.6-1.8 rice, and in described greenhouse controlling, the dry every line height of the flat frame of Y type is equal, and line-spacing is 2.6-3 rice.
Described concrete column is provided with monitoring environmental data device, in described monitoring environmental data device, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, power module are connected with MCU respectively with LED display module, and soil conductivity sensor is connected with MCU after A/D modular converter with soil pH value sensor.
Further, described cross bar is acacia rod or steel pipe.
Further, described iron wire is 12# galvanized wire.
Beneficial effect: 1. in greenhouse controlling, the dry flat frame of Y type is not often connected between row mutually, save frame frame material, when carrying out viticulture, distance between two grapes are capable is 0.7 meter, form a photosynthetic ventilation strip, make secondary sublateral shoot can receive sufficient illumination, carry out good photosynthesis, facilitate cultivation personnel to carry out going and buy Chinese medicine and plucking, prune saving of work and time; 2. in greenhouse controlling, the dry flat frame top of Y type is for being horizontally disposed with, and sunlight direct irradiation is on blade face, and branch is non-cross, and the assimilation products of light directly delivers to setting fruit position, thus improves fruit quality; 3. in greenhouse controlling, dry Y type flat frame space is wide, air circulation large, stable soil moisture, reduces surface temperature, alleviates pest disaster.4. the personnel that simultaneously cultivate can also monitor the ambient conditions in greenhouse, greatly improve the benefit of wine-growing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is the utility model monitoring environmental data device;
In figure, 1. concrete column, 2. cross bar, 3. iron wire, 4. trunk, 5. once pair is sent, and 6. two pairs are sent.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the dry flat frame of Y type in a kind of greenhouse controlling, comprise concrete column 1, cross bar 2, iron wire 3, in described greenhouse controlling, the row of the dry flat frame of Y type is to for east-west, often row frame is arranged in sequence with concrete column 1, distance between adjacent concrete column 1 is 4 meters, grape and concrete column 1 cross arrangement, and grape spacing in the rows is 3 meters; Each concrete column 1 upper end arranges the cross bar 2 of North and South direction, and described cross bar 2 arranges east-west iron wire 3, and iron wire 3 is 7, and one, described centre iron wire 3 is positioned at above concrete column 1, for fixing a sublateral shoot 5 (main climing); Other iron wire 3 is parallel to North and South direction centered by a middle iron wire to be distributed on cross bar 2, for bondage secondary sublateral shoot 6 (fruit bearing shoot); Because 7 iron wires 3 are transversely arranged on the cross bar above each concrete column 1, a line frame is made to be formed as an overall structure.
Described concrete column 1 underground buried depth is 0.5 meter, is highly 1.5-1.8 rice; The length of described cross bar 2 is 1.6-1.8 rice, and in described greenhouse controlling, the dry every line height of the flat frame of Y type is equal, and generally, a greenhouse is provided with three row frames, and three row frame height are equal; Described line-spacing is 2.6-3 rice, Yi Chenghua, the grape variety that growth potential is medium, and line-spacing is based on 2.6 meters; Not easily become colored, that growth potential is stronger grape variety, line-spacing is based on 3 meters.Thus, the photosynthetic ventilation strip that a distance is 0.7 meter is formed between two adjacent grapes of the flat frame of greenhouse controlling Y type are capable, make the secondary sublateral shoot after bearing fruit 6 (fruit bearing shoot) carry out good photosynthesis, and facilitate cultivation personnel to carry out going and buy Chinese medicine and plucking.
As shown in Figure 2, described concrete column 1 is provided with monitoring environmental data device, in described monitoring environmental data device, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, power module are connected with MCU respectively with LED display module, and soil conductivity sensor is connected with MCU after A/D modular converter with soil pH value sensor; Temperature sensor and humidity sensor are used for monitoring the temperature and humidity of greenhouse, soil conductivity sensor, P in soil H value sensor are used for monitoring the acid-base value of greenhouse soil, the soil data monitored is presented in LED display module by MCU conversion, thus the monitoring achieved greenhouse situation, improve the monitoring efficiency to grape growth and precision.
As further improvement of the utility model scheme, the material of described cross bar 2 is acacia rod or steel pipe, and because cross bar 2 supports iron wire 3 and the branches and tendrils of the grape on it, the material of cross bar 2 both can select acacia rod also can select steel pipe.
As further improvement of the utility model scheme, described iron wire 3 is 12# galvanized wire, and corrosion resistance is strong, cheap.
During viticulture, first concrete column 1 is buried underground, concrete column 1 from east to west direction is arranged, bury 1 underground for every 4 meters, concrete column 1 upper end North and South direction arranges cross bar 2, and described cross bar 2 arranges iron wire 3, and iron wire 3 is 7, one, described centre iron wire 3 is positioned at above concrete column 1, and iron wire 3 is distributed on cross bar 2 to North and South direction is parallel centered by it.
Then grape is intersected successively and be planted between two concrete columns 1, stay a healthy and strong young sprout to be cultured to 1.5-1.8 meters of leading shoot pinching as trunk after rudiment in spring, specifically suitably adjust according to frame face height.Treat that sublateral shoot is elongated to about 10-20cm and chooses healthy and strong two and be fixed on middle iron wire as a sublateral shoot (main climing) 5 in Y type, it is made to extend along east-west direction, attention is often tied up climing, pinching after adjacent two grapes sublateral shoot (main climing) is correct, promotes secondary sublateral shoot (fruit bearing shoot) elongation, overstriking and flower bud differentiation; If the hibernaculum of a sublateral shoot (main climing) 5 can not sprout into secondary sublateral shoot (fruit bearing shoot) 6 then, can Second Year direct germination result.Secondary sublateral shoot (fruit bearing shoot) when winter cuts is if 6 bottom rugosity are at more than 0.5cm, and can stay 2-4 bud beta pruning result, thin and delicate branch does not stay bud beta pruning.
This frame can save frame frame material, improves fruit quality, can also monitor the ambient conditions in greenhouse, improves wine-growing benefit.

Claims (3)

1. the dry flat frame of Y type in a greenhouse controlling, it is characterized in that, comprise concrete column (1), cross bar (2), iron wire (3), in described greenhouse controlling, the row of the dry flat frame of Y type is to for east-west, often row frame is arranged in sequence with concrete column (1), distance between adjacent concrete column (1) is 4 meters, each concrete column (1) upper end arranges the cross bar (2) of North and South direction, described cross bar (2) is arranged east-west iron wire (3), described iron wire (3) is 7, a middle iron wire (3) is positioned at concrete column (1) top, other iron wire (3) is parallel to North and South direction centered by a middle iron wire (3) to be distributed on cross bar (2),
Described concrete column (1) underground buried depth is 0.5 meter, and terrestrial reference height is 1.5-1.8 rice; The length of described cross bar (2) is 1.6-1.8 rice, and in described greenhouse controlling, the dry every line height of the flat frame of Y type is equal, and line-spacing is 2.6-3 rice;
Described concrete column (1) is provided with monitoring environmental data device, in described monitoring environmental data device, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, power module are connected with MCU respectively with LED display module, and soil conductivity sensor is connected with MCU after A/D modular converter with soil pH value sensor.
2. the dry flat frame of Y type in a kind of greenhouse controlling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cross bar (2) is acacia rod or steel pipe.
3. the dry flat frame of Y type in a kind of greenhouse controlling according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described iron wire (3) is 12# galvanized wire.
CN201520775373.6U 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape Expired - Fee Related CN205082370U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520775373.6U CN205082370U (en) 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520775373.6U CN205082370U (en) 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205082370U true CN205082370U (en) 2016-03-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520775373.6U Expired - Fee Related CN205082370U (en) 2015-10-08 2015-10-08 Do flat rack of Y type in greenhouse grape

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107211827A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-29 北京莱恩堡葡萄酒业有限公司 Grape planting process

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107211827A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-29 北京莱恩堡葡萄酒业有限公司 Grape planting process

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160316

Termination date: 20171008