CN203748624U - Citrus fruit stem removing device - Google Patents

Citrus fruit stem removing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203748624U
CN203748624U CN201320885073.4U CN201320885073U CN203748624U CN 203748624 U CN203748624 U CN 203748624U CN 201320885073 U CN201320885073 U CN 201320885073U CN 203748624 U CN203748624 U CN 203748624U
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China
Prior art keywords
fixture
gear
cam
cutter
driven
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Active
Application number
CN201320885073.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董武林
潘海兵
范登峰
孙长继
陈红
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Shanghai Aodi Automation Equipment Co Ltd
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Shanghai Aodi Automation Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320885073.4U priority Critical patent/CN203748624U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a citrus fruit stem removing device. A driving shaft is provided with a servomotor, a driving gear, an electromagnetic clutch and a driving bevel gear; the servomotor drives the driving gear to continuously rotate; the electromagnetic clutch controls the driving gear to rotate at intervals; a transverse driven shaft is provided with a driven gear, a clamp cam and a cutter cam; the driven gear and the driving gear are in meshing transmission; a vertical driven shaft is provided with a driven bevel gear and a large gear; the driven bevel gear and the driving bevel gear are in meshing transmission; the upper end of a clamp frame is in rolling connection with the clamp cam; the lower end of the clamp frame is provided with a hollow shaft; a small gear sleeves the hollow shaft; a clamp is arranged at the end part of the hollow shaft; the small gear and the large gear are in meshing transmission; one end of the cutter frame is in rolling connection with the cutter cam; the other end of the cutter frame is provided with a cutter; the cutter is vertically arranged in the hollow shaft. Compared with the prior art, the citrus fruit stem removing device has the advantages of simple structure, accurate location, high stem removing rate, low fruit fresh damage rate and the like.

Description

A kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device
Technical field
The utility model relates to fruits and vegetables treating apparatus, especially relates to a kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device.
Background technology
Oranges and tangerines are China's plantation fruit very widely, have a sweet taste, and have very high nutritive value.On market, except there being the mode of selling fresh oranges and tangerines, can make in addition the other forms of pulp series products such as can.Just have individual problem is exactly how outside orange peel well to be removed, and can ensure pulp do not damage or have a very high yield rate.Analysis conventional apparatus for peeling off, for the lower situation of walnut hulling rate, discovery is under making can not thoroughly orange peel be torn in the time tearing because of the adhesion of carpopodium part.Therefore, if can first the carpopodium of oranges and tangerines be removed, again will be very smooth to oranges and tangerines peeling.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is exactly a kind of simple in structure, accurate positioning is provided in order to overcome the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists, removes the oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device that handle rate is high, pulp damage ratio is low.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device, comprising:
Driving shaft assembly: comprise driving shaft and be successively set on servomotor, driving gear, electromagnetic clutch and the drive bevel gear on driving shaft, servomotor drives driving shaft and driving gear to rotate continuously, electromagnetic clutch control drive bevel gear intermittent rotary;
Laterally driven shaft assembly: comprise horizontal driven shaft and be successively set on driven gear, fixture cam and the cutter cam on horizontal driven shaft, described driven gear and driving gear engaged transmission, described fixture cam rotates together with driven gear with cutter cam;
Vertical driven shaft assembly: comprise vertical driven shaft and be arranged on from top to bottom driven wheel of differential and the gear wheel on vertical driven shaft, described driven wheel of differential and drive bevel gear engaged transmission, driven wheel of differential and gear wheel are followed drive bevel gear intermittent rotary;
Fixture stand: the below that is located at fixture cam, rolled and be connected with fixture cam by roller in the upper end of fixture stand, fixture cam driven fixture stand moves up and down, the lower end of described fixture stand is provided with hollow shaft, in hollow shaft, be arranged with pinion, the end of hollow shaft is provided with the fixture for clamping oranges and tangerines, described pinion and gear wheel engaged transmission, and pinion drives hollow shaft to rotate together with fixture;
Toolframe: being located at the below of cutter cam, is rolled and be connected with cutter cam by roller in one end of toolframe, and cutter cam driven toolframe moves up and down, the other end of toolframe is provided with cutter, this cutter is vertically located at hollow shaft inside, in the time that fixture rotates, and the oranges and tangerines carpopodium in cutting jig.
The front end of described cutter is provided with two curved blades, and vertical placement cutting oranges and tangerines top, avoids damaging pulp.
Described fixture is shell-type fixture, is provided with some projection or little pins that can lunge in orange peel to fix oranges and tangerines on the inwall of fixture, and object is that projection or stylet are entered to pericarp, can drive fruit rapid movement and does not produce slip clamping after fruit.
When the thickness of described gear wheel meets fixture cam driven fixture stand and moves up and down, described pinion engages with gear wheel all the time, and in the time that fixture stand moves up and down, the gear teeth of pinion gear wheel slide, and when gear wheel moves and stops, the gear teeth provide respectively the effect of power and guide groove.
While using device of the present utility model, servomotor is turning round always, and drive driving shaft and driving gear to rotate, driving gear drives driven gear to rotate, be located at fixture cam on horizontal driven shaft together with cutter cam along with driven gear rotates, fixture cam driven fixture stand moves up and down, oranges and tangerines are placed on to the below of fixture, in the time that fixture stand moves down, the projection of fixture inwall or stylet enter in oranges and tangerines, oranges and tangerines are fixed in fixture, and cutter cam driven toolframe moves up and down, and the cutter that is located at toolframe one end also moves up and down with toolframe; Drive bevel gear intermittent rotary in electromagnetic clutch control, drive bevel gear drives driven wheel of differential to rotate, together rotate with the gear wheel of the coaxial setting of driven wheel of differential, gear wheel also drives pinion rotation, rotates with pinion with the fixture of the coaxial setting of pinion.
In the time that electromagnetic clutch is just initially located in closed condition, fixture cam starts the process stage, now gear wheel does not turn, because pinion is mounted in fixture stand, pinion does not also rotate, pinion is followed the movement locus of roller, slide up and down with respect to gear wheel, and in sliding due to the rotation of cutter cam, the cutter that is positioned at toolframe one end under the drive of toolframe also in the process stage, but due to the design reasons of two cams, in the time that fixture cam runs to far angle of repose, the oranges and tangerines of coming are compressed, realize the precise positioning to oranges and tangerines.Due to the entry into service of electromagnetic clutch, driven the fixture rotation that compresses oranges and tangerines, and cutter is still to decline, until cutter gos deep into fruit top, due to fixture with oranges and tangerines at High Rotation Speed, and cutter is motionless, relative velocity is larger, and rotary-cut is carried out in oranges and tangerines top.By the time when cutter cam runs to the stage of backhaul, until cutter is while getting back to the position on original oranges and tangerines top, electromagnetic clutch cuts out, gear wheel stop motion, fixture cam has also run to the backhaul stage, driven the relative gear wheel of pinion to slide, then cutter and fixture all return to original position, have so just completed a motion.And then do the motion of near angle of repose, object is going the oranges and tangerines that push up to retreat, and is oranges and tangerines vacating space below simultaneously.Take into account accurate location, gone to push up requirement rapid, not damaged pulp by the cooperation of multiple structures above.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage:
(1) oranges and tangerines accurate positioning;
(2) once go handle rate high;
(3) pulp damage ratio is low.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of fixture;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cutter.
Number in the figure: 1 is driving shaft, 2 is driving gear, and 3 is driven gear, and 4 is electromagnetic clutch, 5 is horizontal driven shaft, and 6 is fixture cam, and 7 is cutter cam, 8 is roller, and 9 is toolframe, and 10 is fixture stand, 11 is pinion, and 12 is fixture, and 13 is hollow shaft, 14 is gear wheel, and 15 is vertical driven shaft, and 16 is driven wheel of differential, 17 is drive bevel gear, and 18 is servomotor, and 19 is cutter.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is elaborated.
Embodiment
A kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device, as shown in Figure 1, comprise driving shaft assembly, horizontal driven shaft assembly, vertical driven shaft assembly, fixture stand 10 and toolframe 9, wherein, driving shaft assembly comprises driving shaft 1 and is successively set on servomotor 18, driving gear 2, the electromagnetic clutch 4 and drive bevel gear 17 on driving shaft 1, servomotor 18 drives driving shaft 1 and driving gear 2 to rotate continuously, and electromagnetic clutch 4 is controlled drive bevel gear 17 intermittent rotaries; Laterally driven shaft assembly comprises horizontal driven shaft 5 and is successively set on driven gear 3, the fixture cam 6 and cutter cam 7 on horizontal driven shaft 5, described driven gear 3 and driving gear 2 engaged transmission, described fixture cam 6 rotates together with driven gear 3 with cutter cam 7; Vertical driven shaft assembly comprises vertical driven shaft 15 and is arranged on from top to bottom the driven wheel of differential 16 and gear wheel 14 on vertical driven shaft 15, described driven wheel of differential 16 and drive bevel gear 17 engaged transmission, driven wheel of differential 16 is followed drive bevel gear 17 intermittent rotaries with gear wheel 14; Fixture stand 10 is located at the below of fixture cam 6, rolled and be connected with fixture cam 6 by roller 8 in the upper end of fixture stand 10, fixture cam 6 drives fixture stand 10 to move up and down, the lower end of fixture stand 10 is provided with hollow shaft 13, in hollow shaft 13, be arranged with pinion 11, the end of hollow shaft 13 is provided with the fixture 12 for clamping oranges and tangerines, pinion 11 and gear wheel 14 engaged transmission, and pinion 11 drives hollow shaft 13 to rotate together with fixture 12; Toolframe 9 is located at the below of cutter cam 7, rolled and be connected with cutter cam 7 by roller 8 in one end of toolframe 9, cutter cam 7 drives toolframe 9 to move up and down, the other end of toolframe 9 is provided with cutter 19, this cutter 19 is vertically located at hollow shaft 13 inside, in the time that fixture 12 rotates, the oranges and tangerines carpopodium in cutting jig 12.
As shown in Figure 2, fixture 12 is shell-type fixture, on the inwall of fixture 12, be provided with some projection or little pins that can lunge in orange peel to fix oranges and tangerines, object is that projection or stylet are entered to pericarp, can drive fruit rapid movement and does not produce slip clamping after fruit.
As shown in Figure 3, the front end of cutter 19 is provided with two curved blades, and vertical placement cutting oranges and tangerines top, avoids damaging pulp.
When the thickness of gear wheel 14 meets fixture cam 6 and drives fixture stand 10 to move up and down, pinion 11 engages with gear wheel 14 all the time, and in the time that fixture stand 10 moves up and down, the gear teeth of pinion 11 gear wheels 14 slide, and when gear wheel 14 moves and stops, the gear teeth provide respectively the effect of power and guide groove.
While using device of the present utility model, servomotor 18 is turning round always, and drive driving shaft 1 and driving gear 2 to rotate, driving gear 2 drives driven gear 3 to rotate, be located at fixture cam 6 on horizontal driven shaft 5 together with cutter cam 7 along with driven gear 3 rotates, fixture cam 6 drives fixture stand 10 to move up and down, oranges and tangerines are placed on to the below of fixture 12, in the time that fixture stand 10 moves down, projection or the stylet of fixture 12 inwalls enter in oranges and tangerines, oranges and tangerines are fixed in fixture 12, cutter cam 7 drives toolframe 9 to move up and down, the cutter 19 that is located at toolframe 9 one end also moves up and down with toolframe 9, electromagnetic clutch 4 is being controlled drive bevel gear 17 intermittent rotaries, drive bevel gear 17 drives driven wheel of differential 16 to rotate, together rotate with the gear wheel 14 of the coaxial setting of driven wheel of differential 16, gear wheel 14 also drives pinion 11 to rotate, and rotates with pinion 11 with the fixture 12 of the coaxial setting of pinion 11.
In the time that electromagnetic clutch 4 has just been initially located in closed condition, fixture cam 6 starts the process stage, now gear wheel 14 does not turn, because pinion 11 is mounted in fixture stand 10, pinion 11 does not also rotate, pinion 11 is followed the movement locus of roller 8, slide up and down with respect to gear wheel 14, and in sliding due to the rotation of cutter cam 7, the cutter 19 that is positioned at toolframe 9 one end under the drive of toolframe 9 also in the process stage, but due to the design reasons of two cams, in the time that fixture cam 6 runs to far angle of repose, the oranges and tangerines of coming are compressed, realize the precise positioning to oranges and tangerines.Due to the entry into service of electromagnetic clutch 4, driven the fixture 12 that compresses oranges and tangerines to rotate, and cutter 19 is still to decline, until cutter 19 gos deep into fruit top, due to fixture 12 with oranges and tangerines at High Rotation Speed, and cutter 19 is motionless, relative velocity is larger, and rotary-cut is carried out in oranges and tangerines top.By the time when cutter cam 7 runs to the stage of backhaul, until cutter 19 is while getting back to the position on original oranges and tangerines top, electromagnetic clutch 4 cuts out, gear wheel 14 stop motions, fixture cam 6 has also run to the backhaul stage, driven the relative gear wheel 14 of pinion 11 to slide, then cutter 19 and fixture 12 all return to original position, have so just completed a motion.And then do the motion of near angle of repose, object is going the oranges and tangerines that push up to retreat, and is oranges and tangerines vacating space below simultaneously.Take into account accurate location, gone to push up requirement rapid, not damaged pulp by the cooperation of multiple structures above.

Claims (4)

1. an oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device, is characterized in that, comprising:
Driving shaft assembly: comprise driving shaft (1) and be successively set on servomotor (18), driving gear (2), the electromagnetic clutch (4) and drive bevel gear (17) on driving shaft (1), servomotor (18) drives driving shaft (1) and driving gear (2) to rotate continuously, and electromagnetic clutch (4) is controlled drive bevel gear (17) intermittent rotary;
Laterally driven shaft assembly: comprise horizontal driven shaft (5) and be successively set on driven gear (3), the fixture cam (6) and cutter cam (7) on horizontal driven shaft (5), described driven gear (3) and driving gear (2) engaged transmission, described fixture cam (6) rotates together with the same driven gear of cutter cam (7) (3);
Vertical driven shaft assembly: comprise vertical driven shaft (15) and be arranged on from top to bottom the driven wheel of differential (16) and gear wheel (14) on vertical driven shaft (15), described driven wheel of differential (16) and drive bevel gear (17) engaged transmission, driven wheel of differential (16) is followed drive bevel gear (17) intermittent rotary with gear wheel (14);
Fixture stand (10): the below that is located at fixture cam (6), rolled and be connected with fixture cam (6) by roller (8) in the upper end of fixture stand (10), fixture cam (6) drives fixture stand (10) to move up and down, the lower end of described fixture stand (10) is provided with hollow shaft (13), in hollow shaft (13), be arranged with pinion (11), the end of hollow shaft (13) is provided with the fixture (12) for clamping oranges and tangerines, described pinion (11) and gear wheel (14) engaged transmission, pinion (11) drives hollow shaft (13) to rotate together with fixture (12),
Toolframe (9): the below that is located at cutter cam (7), rolled and be connected with cutter cam (7) by roller (8) in one end of toolframe (9), cutter cam (7) drives toolframe (9) to move up and down, the other end of toolframe (9) is provided with cutter (19), this cutter (19) is vertically located at hollow shaft (13) inside, in the time that fixture (12) rotates, the oranges and tangerines carpopodium in cutting jig (12).
2. a kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the front end of described cutter (19) is provided with two curved blades.
3. a kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described fixture (12) is shell-type fixture, is provided with some can lunging in orange peel to fix projection or the little pin of oranges and tangerines on the inwall of fixture (12).
4. a kind of oranges and tangerines carpopodium removal device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the thickness of described gear wheel (14) meets fixture cam (6) and drives fixture stand (10) while moving up and down, and described pinion (11) engages with gear wheel (14) all the time.
CN201320885073.4U 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Citrus fruit stem removing device Active CN203748624U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320885073.4U CN203748624U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Citrus fruit stem removing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320885073.4U CN203748624U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Citrus fruit stem removing device

Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104366677A (en) * 2014-08-24 2015-02-25 浙江可可佳食品有限公司 Orange fruit particle processing production line
CN106625128A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-05-10 铜仁市万山区林谢丹砂艺术雕刻有限公司 Cinnabar handicraft processing device
CN106889642A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-06-27 马家全 A kind of mangosteen stalk equipment
CN112221729A (en) * 2020-10-17 2021-01-15 爱可道生物科技有限公司 Artichoke processingequipment of automatic separation bud and scape

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104366677A (en) * 2014-08-24 2015-02-25 浙江可可佳食品有限公司 Orange fruit particle processing production line
CN106625128A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-05-10 铜仁市万山区林谢丹砂艺术雕刻有限公司 Cinnabar handicraft processing device
CN106889642A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-06-27 马家全 A kind of mangosteen stalk equipment
CN112221729A (en) * 2020-10-17 2021-01-15 爱可道生物科技有限公司 Artichoke processingequipment of automatic separation bud and scape

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