CN203735013U - Straw picking smashing machine post-sowing covering compound working machine - Google Patents

Straw picking smashing machine post-sowing covering compound working machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203735013U
CN203735013U CN201420117532.9U CN201420117532U CN203735013U CN 203735013 U CN203735013 U CN 203735013U CN 201420117532 U CN201420117532 U CN 201420117532U CN 203735013 U CN203735013 U CN 203735013U
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China
Prior art keywords
pulverizing
straw
sowing
field pickup
machine
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420117532.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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钱生越
何彦平
武民
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw picking smashing machine post-sowing covering compound working machine. The working machine comprises an anti-rotation straw picking smashing device, a conveying casting device and a rotary tillage sowing fertilizing device which are connected in sequence. The straw picking smashing machine post-sowing covering compound working machine is characterized in that the conveying casting device comprises a grass turning wheel capable of arranging grass, the anti-rotation straw picking smashing device, the conveying casting device and the rotary tillage sowing fertilizing device are a three-shaft all-in-one machine, a speed changing box is arranged at the top of the anti-rotation straw picking smashing device, the speed changing box is connected with a picking smashing knife shaft through a first transmission device, the speed changing box is connected with a rotary blade shaft through a second transmission device, the speed changing box is connected with a grass turning wheel shaft through a third transmission device, a plurality of Y-shaped picking smashing knives are evenly arranged on the picking smashing knife shaft, the rotating direction of the picking smashing knife shaft and the rotating direction of a tractor wheel are opposite, and after straw is smashed by the Y-shaped picking smashing knives, the straw is cast downwards through the grass turning wheel from the gaps between a plurality of fertilizing pipe groups and seed arraying pipes onto soil where sowing is completed.

Description

Straw field pickup covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing
Technical field
The utility model covers combined working machine after relating to a kind of straw field pickup pulverizing machine sowing.
Background technology
In recent years, in every time in busy farming season, straw from village open incineration phenomenon was serious, had a strong impact on ambient air quality, harm resident physical and mental health, and stalk comprehensive utilization becomes the hot issue of social concerns.Straw Crushed for Reclaiming as the most directly, the most effectively, be easy to promote the stalk comprehensive utilization mode of operation most, also there are some problems.If rotary tillage straw returning is because plow layer is more shallow, ground surface soil grass is out of proportion, causes soil unsettled, lower season crop seed deep mixed, emerge uneven; After straw-returning, make that soil becomes too loose, macrovoid is too much, cause soil and the seed can not close contact, affect seed sprouting and grow; Although deep ploughing is returned crop stocks to the field, also field quality is higher, and deep ploughing energy consumption is large, and flow chart is many, robs farming season slow, and the high and cultivated rear earth's surface moisture content of operating cost scatters and disappears serious, is unfavorable for that after planting former moisture in the soil is emerged; Disease straw directly returning to field strengthens crop pest management pressure of lower season etc.
China, from the latter stage seventies, just starts on the basis of Introduced From Abroad agricultural research result, successively researchs and develops Mechanization Technique and the various facility of stalk, root stubble chopping and returning.Such as, the ZBMG-18 type no-tillage fertilizing seeding machine for small amount that the applicable northern area of China Academy of Agriculture Mechanization's development uses, without ploughing soil, directly carry out seeding operation, once complete and cut off stalk or cut the integrations of operation such as root stubble, trench digging, fertilising, sowing, pressure kind, earthing, suppression.The combined working machine that integrates wheat stalk pulverizing and corn no-tillage precision sowing function of University Of Science and Technology Of He'nan's development, has solved straw-returning and corn precision metering preferably.Wherein Granted publication CN202941107U, denomination of invention is a kind of broken straw, clear straw, fertilising, sowing, the Chinese utility model patent of covering the multi-functional unit of straw discloses the full straw covering plot mechanization of a kind of solution no-tillage seeding technical scheme, cover under operating mode at wheat stubble full dose stalk, multiple operation equipment is disposable completes broken straw, clear straw, sowing, fertilising, after broadcasting, cover the flow charts such as straw, but the mode that throws that facility adopt crushing straw to cross seed-fertilizer box along air channel, be that stalk throws mouth and is positioned at ferti-seeding all-in-one top, position is higher, first crushed stalk, shed power consumption excessive, waste energy, stalk after pulverizing in addition is easily subject to windage, sheds to land rear more at randomly, affects the effect of straw-returning, and facility complicated integral structure, and production cost and operating cost are high.
Utility model content
For the problems referred to above; the utility model covers combined working machine after providing a kind of straw field pickup to pulverize machine sowing; once lowerly can complete the new and effective compound working tool of the multi-job operations such as crushed stalk, sowing, fertilising, stalk covering; simple in structure; quick, complete the covering on the soil that firm sowing is good of stalk after convenient pulverizing; realize conservation tillage, reach simultaneously and fight for farming season, drought-relief, raising operating efficiency, reduce agriculture production cost, promote that Food Production increases income.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, reach above-mentioned technique effect, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Straw field pickup covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, comprise in turn connected despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, carry scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus, described despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism is connected with tractor by trifilar suspension card gear, it is characterized in that, described conveying scattering mechanism comprise can Lysimachia sikokiana turn over grass wheel, described despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, carrying scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus is three-axis integrative machine, despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism top is provided with gearbox, described gearbox by the first transmission device with pick up pulverize cutter shaft be connected, gearbox is connected with rotary ploughing cutter shaft by the second transmission device, gearbox by the 3rd transmission device with turn over careless wheel shaft and be connected, described pick up to pulverize be evenly provided with several " Y " shapes on cutter shaft and pick up crushing knife and pick up and pulverize the direction of rotation of cutter shaft and the direction of rotation of dilatory wheel, stalk leaves downwards on the soil of having sowed after being picked up crushing knife pulverizing by " Y " shape through turning over the spaces of grass wheel between some groups of fertilising pipes and discharging tube.
Combined working machine is once gone to the field and can be completed crushed stalk, be completed fertilising and sowing by rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus by despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, and " Y " shape is picked up crushing knife and can and be pulverized ground straw field pickup.The most important thing is by despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism and turn over grass wheel the stalk after pulverizing is left downwards on the soil of having sowed the space between some groups of fertilising pipes and discharging tube, low apart from earth's surface, quick, complete the covering on the soil that firm sowing is good of stalk after convenient pulverizing, complete and broadcast rear overwrite job operation, simple in structure, energy consumption is low.Compare with prior art, can not only greatly reduce labour intensity and production cost, improve operation quality and efficiency, reduce crop straw burning and pollute, can also reduce soil compaction and plough number of times, improving soil can farming row, increase soil fertility, and raising emergence rate.
Further, the grass guide board of stalk be enclosed with conveying crushing outside every group or many group fertilising pipes and discharging tube after, avoid the stalk after pulverizing to beat on fertilising pipe and discharging tube, the not only service life of impact fertilising pipe and discharging tube, and stalk beats on fertilising pipe and discharging tube and easily rebounded, affect shedding of stalk.Preferably pulverize cutter shaft top from picking up, be provided with successively the deflector of shedding of stalk after pulverizing along the top of top, rotary ploughing cutter shaft of turning over grass wheel.Avoid the stalk after pulverizing to be subject to the impact of the internal and external factor such as wind-force, grading degree, cause at random the scattering on the ground of stalk, affect the effect of straw-returning.
Further, when work, the deep fertilizer spraying boots of described rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus bottom are positioned under earth's surface, and the seeding unit of described rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus bottom is positioned on earth's surface, the direction of rotation of described rotary ploughing cutter shaft and the direction of rotation of dilatory wheel.Seeding unit is positioned at earth's surface can prevent that seeding unit is blocked, and rotary ploughing cutter shaft reversion can just cover the new soil of routing up on the seed of sowing.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: after straw field pickup pulverizing machine sowing, cover combined working machine and once descend ground can complete the new and effective compound working tool of the multi-job operations such as straw field pickup, pulverizing, sowing, fertilising, stalk covering, suppression; simple in structure; quick, complete the covering on the soil that firm sowing is good of stalk after convenient pulverizing; realize conservation tillage, reach simultaneously and fight for farming season, drought-relief, raising operating efficiency, reduce agriculture production cost, promote that Food Production increases income.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram that covers combined working machine after the utility model straw field pickup pulverizing machine sowing;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of a kind of structure of the utility model grass guide board;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the another kind of structure of the utility model grass guide board;
The mark implication of accompanying drawing is as follows:
1: tractor; 2: card gear; 3: gearbox; 4 pick up pulverizing cutter shaft; 5: " Y " shape is picked up crushing knife; 6: the first transmission devices; 7: the second transmission devices; 8: pulverize stationary knife; 9: turn over grass wheel; 10: rotary ploughing cutter shaft; 11: shed deflector; 12: seed-fertilizer box; 13: fertilising pipe; 14: discharging tube; 15: the stalk after pulverizing; 16: pedal; 17: deep fertilizer spraying boots; 18: duck-beak type band seeding unit; 19: grass guide board; 20: the three transmission devices; 21: turn over careless wheel shaft; 22: press wheel.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, technical solutions of the utility model are described in further detail, so that those skilled in the art can better understand the utility model being implemented, but illustrated embodiment is not as to restriction of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, due to size restrictions, Fig. 1 can be rotated counterclockwise to 90 ° watches more directly perceived, after straw field pickup pulverizing machine sowing, cover the overall structure schematic diagram of combined working machine, comprise in turn connected despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, carry scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus, despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, conveying scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus are all-in-ones, and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus comprises the rotary cultivator attachment of front end and the seeding and fertilizing of rear end suppression device.Seeder combined with fertilising apparatus comprises the seed-fertilizer box 12 that can place respectively fertilizer and seed at top, seed-fertilizer box 12 bottoms respectively correspondence are provided with some groups of fertilising pipes 13 and discharging tube 14, fertilising pipe 13 bottoms are connected with deep fertilizer spraying boots 17 that can fertilise, discharging tube 14 bottoms are connected with the seeding unit that can sow, and preferably seeding unit is duck-beak type band seeding unit 18.Consider overall efficiency, can on rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus, be provided with the pedal 16 of carrying workman work, be that workman may stand on pedal 16 inspection machine duty and in time to the interior interpolation fertilizer of seed-fertilizer box 12 and seed, ensures that workover rig remains good working order.
Wherein despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism is connected with tractor 1 by trifilar suspension card gear 2, facilitates tractor 1 to regulate the height of despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism to adapt to different operating environments.Power transmission mode is: the power take-off of tractor 1 reaches the power input shaft of multiple operation machine gearbox 3 by card gear 2.Carry scattering mechanism comprise can Lysimachia sikokiana turn over grass wheel 9, despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, carrying scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus is three-axis integrative machine structure, be that despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism bottom is provided with to pick up and pulverizes cutter shaft 4, turning over grass wheel 9 is arranged on and turns on careless wheel shaft 21, rotary cultivator attachment bottom is provided with rotary ploughing cutter shaft 10, be provided with gearbox 3 on despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism top, gearbox 3 by the first transmission device 6 with pick up pulverize cutter shaft 4 be connected, gearbox 3 is connected with rotary ploughing cutter shaft 10 by the second transmission device 7, gearbox 3 by the 3rd transmission device 20 with turn over careless wheel shaft 21 and be connected, the first transmission device 6 wherein, the second transmission device 7 and the 3rd transmission device 20 can be belt transmission, chain drive, gear drive etc.Pick up to pulverize and be evenly provided with several " Y " shapes on cutter shaft 4 and pick up crushing knife 5, " Y " shape is picked up crushing knife 5 and can and be pulverized ground straw field pickup, pick up and pulverize the direction of rotation of cutter shaft 4 and the direction of rotation that tractor 1 is taken turns, the despining of despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism is for tractor 1 is taken turns.On rotary ploughing cutter shaft 10, be evenly provided with several rotary blades.
Turning over grass wheel 9 is a kind of Lysimachia sikokiana structures, is arranged between despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus, and its direction of rotation is identical with the direction of rotation of picking up pulverizing cutter shaft 4.Stalk leaves downwards on the soil of having sowed after being picked up crushing knife 5 pulverizing by " Y " shape through turning over the spaces of grass wheel 9 between some groups of fertilising pipes 13 and discharging tube 14, and carries out compacting by press wheel 22.
Preferably from despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism to the conveying scattering mechanism that is also provided with the stalk 15 after pulverizing on rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, can be after every group or two groups or many group fertilising pipes 13 and discharging tube 14 outsides be enclosed with conveying crushing in grass guide board 19(Fig. 1 of stalk with shown in oblique line part), wherein the rear and front end of grass guide board 19 is tip-angled shape.Stalk 15 after pulverizing is transported to and leaves a mouthful arc and fall along grass guide board 19, avoid 15 dozens of stalks after pulverizing applying fertilizer on pipe 13 and discharging tube 14, the not only service life of impact fertilising pipe 13 and discharging tube 14, and stalk beats on fertilising pipe 13 and discharging tube 14 and easily rebounded, affect shedding of stalk.Also can certainly pick up and pulverize cutter shaft 4 tops, what be provided with successively stalk 15 after pulverizing along the top of top, rotary ploughing cutter shaft 10 of turning over grass wheel 9 sheds deflector 11.Grass guide board 19 be preferably set simultaneously and shed deflector 11, avoiding stalk 15 after pulverizing to be subject to the impact of the internal and external factor such as wind-force, grading degree, causing at random the scattering on the ground of stalk, affecting the effect of straw-returning.
The degree of considering crushed stalk is higher, more be beneficial to the also field of quick composting of stalk, the effect that Food Production is increased income is better, therefore preferably on the hood cover plate of pulverizing above cutter shaft 4, be arranged with one group in parallel and pulverize stationary knife 8 picking up, pulverizing stationary knife 8 can further pulverize the stalk 15 after pulverizing, and crushing effect is better.
The seeder combined with fertilising apparatus of existing design, when wherein deep fertilizer spraying boots 17 degree of depth are greater than the degree of depth of seeding unit and work, deep fertilizer spraying boots 17 and seeding unit are all to insert in ground, be easy to cause seeding unit to stop up, therefore by regulating the height of deep fertilizer spraying boots 17 and seeding unit, while making work, deep fertilizer spraying boots 17 are positioned under earth's surface, seeding unit is positioned on earth's surface, the direction of rotation that the direction of rotation of rotary ploughing cutter shaft 10 and tractor 1 are taken turns, seeding unit is positioned at earth's surface can prevent that seeding unit is blocked, and rotary ploughing cutter shaft 10 reversions can just cover the new soil of routing up on the seed of sowing.
Combined working machine is once gone to the field and can be completed crushed stalk, be completed fertilising and sowing by rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus by despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, and " Y " shape is picked up crushing knife 5 and can and be pulverized ground straw field pickup.The most important thing is by despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism and turn over grass wheel 9 stalk 15 after pulverizing is left downwards on the soil of having sowed the space between some groups of fertilising pipes 13 and discharging tube 14, low apart from earth's surface, quick, complete the covering on the soil that firm sowing is good of stalk 15 after convenient pulverizing, complete and broadcast rear overwrite job operation, simple in structure, energy consumption is low.Compare with prior art, can not only greatly reduce labour intensity and production cost, improve operation quality and efficiency, reduce crop straw burning and pollute, can also reduce soil compaction and plough number of times, improving soil can farming row, increase soil fertility, and raising emergence rate.
These are only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present utility model; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes the utility model specification and accompanying drawing content to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. straw field pickup covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, comprise in turn connected despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, carry scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus, described despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism is connected with tractor by trifilar suspension card gear, it is characterized in that, described conveying scattering mechanism comprise can Lysimachia sikokiana turn over grass wheel, described despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism, carrying scattering mechanism and rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus is three-axis integrative machine, despining straw field pickup reducing mechanism top is provided with gearbox, described gearbox by the first transmission device with pick up pulverize cutter shaft be connected, gearbox is connected with rotary ploughing cutter shaft by the second transmission device, gearbox by the 3rd transmission device with turn over careless wheel shaft and be connected, described pick up to pulverize be evenly provided with several " Y " shapes on cutter shaft and pick up crushing knife and pick up and pulverize the direction of rotation of cutter shaft and the direction of rotation of dilatory wheel, stalk leaves downwards on the soil of having sowed after being picked up crushing knife pulverizing by " Y " shape through turning over the spaces of grass wheel between some groups of fertilising pipes and discharging tube.
2. straw field pickup according to claim 1 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, outside every group of fertilising pipe and discharging tube, be enclosed with conveying crushing after the grass guide board of stalk.
3. straw field pickup according to claim 1 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, outside every two groups of fertilising pipes and discharging tubes, be enclosed with conveying crushing after the grass guide board of stalk.
4. after pulverizing machine sowing according to straw field pickup described in claim 2 or 3, cover combined working machine, it is characterized in that, certainly pick up and pulverize cutter shaft top, be provided with successively the deflector of shedding of stalk after pulverizing along the top of top, rotary ploughing cutter shaft of turning over grass wheel.
5. straw field pickup according to claim 4 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, is arranged with one group of pulverizing stationary knife that the stalk after pulverizing is further pulverized in parallel picking up on the hood cover plate of pulverizing above cutter shaft.
6. straw field pickup according to claim 5 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, when work, the deep fertilizer spraying boots of described rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus bottom are positioned under earth's surface, the seeding unit of described rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus bottom is positioned on earth's surface, the direction of rotation of described rotary ploughing cutter shaft and the direction of rotation of dilatory wheel.
7. straw field pickup according to claim 6 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, described seeding unit is duck-beak type band seeding unit.
8. straw field pickup according to claim 1 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, is provided with the pedal of carrying operating personnel work on described combined seed and fertilizer drill.
9. straw field pickup according to claim 1 covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing, it is characterized in that, described rotary tillage seeder combined with fertilising apparatus rear end is also connected with a press wheel.
CN201420117532.9U 2014-03-17 2014-03-17 Straw picking smashing machine post-sowing covering compound working machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN203735013U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858549A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-06-18 钱生越 Covering compound operating machine after sowing of straw pick-up smashing machine
CN104663080A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-06-03 宿州市帮扶灭茬播种机制造有限公司 Straw returning seeder
CN105493756A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 李秋芬 Straw picking-up smashing vehicle
CN107996045A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-05-08 王金华 A kind of straw covering plot wheat cultivation device
CN108575325A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-09-28 华北水利水电大学 A kind of separate type straw counters-field set
CN114600578A (en) * 2022-04-08 2022-06-10 蚌埠市优思特环保设备科技有限公司 Crop straw returning pretreatment equipment and treatment method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858549A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-06-18 钱生越 Covering compound operating machine after sowing of straw pick-up smashing machine
CN104663080A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-06-03 宿州市帮扶灭茬播种机制造有限公司 Straw returning seeder
CN105493756A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 李秋芬 Straw picking-up smashing vehicle
CN107996045A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-05-08 王金华 A kind of straw covering plot wheat cultivation device
CN108575325A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-09-28 华北水利水电大学 A kind of separate type straw counters-field set
CN114600578A (en) * 2022-04-08 2022-06-10 蚌埠市优思特环保设备科技有限公司 Crop straw returning pretreatment equipment and treatment method thereof
CN114600578B (en) * 2022-04-08 2024-03-29 北京瑜安科技有限公司 Crop straw returning pretreatment equipment and treatment method thereof

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Granted publication date: 20140730

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