CN203167978U - Peanut huller - Google Patents

Peanut huller Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203167978U
CN203167978U CN 201220732326 CN201220732326U CN203167978U CN 203167978 U CN203167978 U CN 203167978U CN 201220732326 CN201220732326 CN 201220732326 CN 201220732326 U CN201220732326 U CN 201220732326U CN 203167978 U CN203167978 U CN 203167978U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hulling
shelling
roller
sieve plate
cleaning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201220732326
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尚书旗
王东伟
连政国
崔传兵
王家胜
王延耀
杨然兵
栾贵东
徐祝欣
孙玉涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Qingdao Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Agricultural University
Priority to CN 201220732326 priority Critical patent/CN203167978U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203167978U publication Critical patent/CN203167978U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

Provided is a peanut huller. The peanut huller comprises a machine frame, a power device, a hulling device and a cleaning device, wherein the power device, the hulling device and the cleaning device are arranged on the machine frame. The power device is connected with the hulling device and the cleaning device. The cleaning device is arranged under an outlet of the hulling device. The hulling device comprises a feeding hopper and a hulling rotary drum. The cleaning device comprises a vibrating screen and a cleaning draught fan. The hulling rotary drum comprises a rotary drum shell, a hulling roller and a concave plate sieve. The concave plate sieve is a semi-circular grid-bar-type concave plate sieve which is arranged between the hulling roller and the rotary drum shell. The hulling roller is a four-section rubber groove-type hulling roller. The hulling roller comprises a hulling roller shaft and four tooth-shaped roller bodies which are independently and mutually installed on the hulling roller shaft. The tooth-shaped roller bodies are made of rubber. According to the peanut huller, the four-section rubber groove-type hulling roller is adopted, not only is replacement convenient and is maintenance cost of the equipment reduced, but also the phenomenon that peanut fruit is damaged due to the fact that the rigidity of the roller bodies is overlarge is reduced, and economic benefits are improved.

Description

A kind of groundnut sheller
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, relates in particular to a kind of groundnut sheller for the shelling of peanut fruit.
Background technology
Peanut has another name called peanut, is described as " plant meat " by people, and oil content is up to 50%, and is best in quality, smell delicate fragrance.Peanut also is used for printing and dyeing, paper industry except edible; Peanut also is Chinese medicine simply, is suitable for symptoms such as malnutritive, taste imbalance, cough asthma due to excessive phlegm and milk lack.As a kind of important industrial crops, peanut has cultivated area widely in China.Therefore, the results of peanut and shelling mode have great importance for the regional expanding economy of plantation.
Traditional peanut shelling method is manual peeling off, and this mode efficient is low, recruitment is many, has a strong impact on economic benefit.In recent years, along with the expansion of peanut cultivation area and the raising of peanut yield, the application of groundnut sheller increased gradually, and became the convenient machinery that replaces peel manually shell side formula gradually.The production efficiency of groundnut sheller is 10~50 times that manually peel off, but the integrality of shelled peanut after can't guaranteeing to peel off as peeling off by hand.At the existing peanut shelling machinery of China, people all adopt horizontal groundnut sheller that peanut pod is shelled, the critical piece of its hulling machine is hulling drum and grizzly bar concave grate, the shelling principle is by the body of rotation at a high speed the peanut shell to be taken off, the broken shell of the shelled peanut of broken shell and peanut is separated from the grizzly bar concave grate, peanut shell is blown out from impurity discharging port by the distinguished and admirable of blower fan afterwards, and shelled peanut flows on the vibratory sieve of inclination the screening back and flows out.There is certain shortcoming in this groundnut sheller: cause the damage to peanut in (1) shelling process easily, the percentage of damage height has influenced economic benefit; (2) the shelling roller is overall structure, in case damage, needs all to change the cost of equipment maintenance height; (3) cleaning plant adopts single-deck vibrating screen, and is not good enough to peanut and housing and other separate impurities effects.Therefore, this groundnut sheller can not satisfy present stage to the requirement of peanut seed shelling.
The utility model content
At the problem that prior art exists, the utility model provides a kind of groundnut sheller, and described groundnut sheller has reduced the damage ratio of peanut, has improved the effect of cleaning separation, has reduced the maintenance cost of equipment simultaneously.
The technical solution of the utility model: a kind of groundnut sheller, comprise frame and be arranged on power set, hulling device, cleaning plant on the frame, described power set link to each other with hulling device, cleaning plant respectively, described cleaning plant be arranged on hulling device outlet under; Described hulling device comprises feeding hopper and hulling drum, described cleaning plant involving vibrations sieve and cleaning fan; Described hulling drum comprises cylinder shell, shelling roller and concave grate, and described concave grate is the semi-cylindrical shaped grid type concave grate that is arranged between shelling roller and the cylinder shell; Described shelling roller is four-part form rubber slot type shelling roller, and described shelling roller comprises the shelling roll shaft and be installed on the shelling roll shaft four sections dentation roll bodies independently separately that the material of described dentation roll body is rubber.
Preferably, described vibratory sieve comprises screen frame (unit) and is fixed on sieve plate on the screen frame (unit), described sieve plate comprises upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate, the screen-aperture of described upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate, described upper strata sieve plate links to each other with impurity outlet is concordant, and described lower floor sieve plate goes out with main that kind of mouth is concordant to link to each other.
Preferably, described vibratory sieve also comprises time going out kind of mouth, and it is concordant with the lower floor sieve plate to go out kind of mouth for described time, and is positioned at a main end that goes out the close impurity outlet of kind of mouth.
Preferably, described vibratory sieve and cleaning fan all are obliquely installed on frame, and the angle between described vibratory sieve and the horizontal plane is 0~10 °, and the angle between the air outlet of described cleaning fan and the hulling drum outlet vertical direction is-10~10 °.
Preferably, described power set are motor, and described motor links to each other with big belt wheel by belt I, and drive the running of shelling roller by the shelling roll shaft; Described shelling roll shaft links to each other with small pulley by belt III, and it is reciprocating that described small pulley drives vibratory sieve by eccentric; Described motor links to each other with belt wheel II by belt II, and drives cleaning fan by belt wheel II.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) shelling roller described in the utility model is four-part form rubber slot type shelling roller, described shelling roller comprises the shelling roll shaft and is installed in shelling on the roll shaft four sections dentation roll body independently separately, when the shelling roller needs to change owing to wearing and tearing, only need to change the dentation roll body of wearing and tearing, need not to change whole roll body, therefore it is convenient to change, and has reduced the maintenance cost of equipment; Simultaneously, the material of the dentation roll body of described shelling roller is rubber, therefore, when guaranteeing dentation roll body hardness, increased the elasticity of dentation roll body, thereby reduced the disrepair phenomenon owing to the excessive peanut fruit that causes of metal material roll body hardness, reduce breakage rate, improved economic benefit;
(2) vibratory sieve described in the utility model adopts double-deck screen shale shaker, the screen-aperture of described upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate, and the aperture of upper strata sieve plate is greater than the particle diameter of peanut fruit, and the aperture of lower screen version is less than the particle diameter of peanut fruit, thereby guaranteed that size discharges from the impurity outlet that links to each other with the upper strata sieve plate greater than the impurity of peanut fruit, and the peanut fruit goes out kind of a mouth discharge from the master who links to each other with the lower floor sieve plate; The peanut of omitting on the sieve plate of upper strata then can go out kind of mouth and discharges by inferior; Simultaneously, lower floor's sieve plate can also carry out postsearch screening to the impurity in the peanut fruit, has improved peanut and housing and other separate impurities effects.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is stereogram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of shelling roller in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of hulling drum in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of vibratory sieve in the utility model.
Among the figure: 1. frame, 2. motor, 3. belt wheel II, 4. feeding hopper, 5. hulling drum, 6. concave grate, 7. vibratory sieve, 8. cleaning fan, 9. belt III, 10. shelling roll shaft, 11. small pulleys, 12. big belt wheel, 13. shelling rollers, 14. cylinder shell, 15. screen frame (unit), 16. masters go out kind of mouth, 17. impurity outlets, 18. inferiorly go out kind of mouth, 19. eccentrics, 20. belt I; 21. belt II.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
A kind of groundnut sheller comprises frame 1 and is arranged on power set, hulling device, cleaning plant on the frame 1 that described power set link to each other with hulling device, cleaning plant respectively, described cleaning plant be arranged on the hulling device outlet under; Described hulling device comprises feeding hopper 4 and hulling drum 5, described cleaning plant involving vibrations sieve 7 and cleaning fan 8; Described hulling drum 5 comprises cylinder shell 14, shelling roller 13 and concave grate 6, and described concave grate 6 is arranged on the semi-cylindrical shaped grid type concave grate between shelling roller 13 and the cylinder shell 14; Described concave grate 6 is welded by direct grate bar and semicircle grizzly bar, and its gap can allow peanut seed and broken shell to pass through.Described shelling roller 13 is four sections rubber slot types shelling rollers, and described shelling roller 13 comprises shelling roll shaft 10 and be installed on the shelling roll shaft 10 four sections dentation roll bodies independently separately that the material of described dentation roll body is rubber.Described vibratory sieve 7 comprises screen frame (unit) 15 and is fixed on sieve plate on the screen frame (unit) 15 that described sieve plate comprises that the screen-aperture of upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate; Described upper strata sieve plate and 17 concordant linking to each other of impurity outlet, described lower floor sieve plate goes out 16 concordant linking to each other of kind of mouth with the master.Described vibratory sieve 7 also comprises time going out kind of mouth 18, and it is concordant with the lower floor sieve plate to go out kind of mouth 18 for described time, and is positioned at a main end that goes out kind of mouth 16 close impurity outlets 17.Described vibratory sieve 7 and cleaning fan 8 all are arranged on the frame 1 in the inclination mode, and the angle between described vibratory sieve 7 and the horizontal plane is 0-10 °, and the angle between the air outlet of described cleaning fan 8 and the hulling drum 5 outlet vertical direction is-10~10 °.Described power set are motor 2, and described motor 2 links to each other with big belt wheel 12 by belt I 20, and drive the running of shelling roller 13 by shelling roll shaft 10; Described shelling roll shaft 10 links to each other with small pulley 11 by belt III 9, and it is reciprocating that described small pulley 11 drives vibratory sieve 7 by eccentric 19; Described motor 2 links to each other with belt wheel II 3 by belt II 21, and drives cleaning fan by belt wheel II 3.
During use, open motor, pour peanut pod into feeding hopper 4, peanut pod is brought in the gap of shelling roller 13 in the hulling drum 5 and concave grate 6, shelling roller 13 rotates, concave grate 6 maintains static, and rubbing between the shelling roller 13 of utilization rotation and the hitting power of 6 pairs of peanuts of concave grate and the peanut shells.Peanut seed after the shelling and broken shell fall from the gap of concave grate 6, and fall on the upper strata sieve plate that is positioned at the vibratory sieve 7 under it from the exit of hulling drum 5.Described cleaning fan 8 blows out the broken shell of most peanut outside the machine in the process of peanut seed and broken shell whereabouts, and the broken shell of peanut seed and small part falls on the upper strata sieve plate of vibratory sieve 7.Vibratory sieve 7 moves back and forth under the drive of eccentric, and the peanut fruit is fallen lower floor's sieve plate by the upper strata sieve plate, and converges to main discharging opening 16 places along the sieve plate that tilts, and derives outside the vibratory sieve; The broken shell of small part is fallen outside the machine by lower floor's sieve plate, and the broken shell of bigger peanut and unhulled peanut converge to impurity outlet 17 places by the upper strata sieve plate and collect; The peanut of omission on the sieve plate of upper strata goes out kind of mouth 18 and discharges by inferior actually.

Claims (5)

1. groundnut sheller, comprise frame (1) and be arranged on power set, hulling device, cleaning plant on the frame (1), described power set link to each other with hulling device, cleaning plant respectively, described cleaning plant be arranged on hulling device outlet under; Described hulling device comprises feeding hopper (4) and hulling drum (5), described cleaning plant involving vibrations sieve (7) and cleaning fan (8); Described hulling drum (5) comprises cylinder shell (14), shelling roller (13) and concave grate (6), described concave grate (6) is for being arranged on the semi-cylindrical shaped grid type concave grate between shelling roller (13) and the cylinder shell (14), it is characterized in that: described shelling roller (13) is four sections rubber slot type shelling rollers, described shelling roller (13) comprises shelling roll shaft (10) and is installed in shelling roll shaft (10) four sections dentation roll bodies independently separately that the material of described dentation roll body is rubber.
2. a kind of groundnut sheller according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve (7) comprises screen frame (unit) (15) and is fixed on sieve plate on the screen frame (unit) (15), described sieve plate comprises upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate, the screen-aperture of described upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate, described upper strata sieve plate and concordant linking to each other of impurity outlet (17), described lower floor sieve plate goes out concordant linking to each other of kind of mouth (16) with the master.
3. a kind of groundnut sheller according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve (7) also comprises time going out kind of mouth (18), described time to go out kind of mouth (18) concordant with the lower floor sieve plate, and be positioned at a main end that goes out the close impurity outlet (17) of kind of mouth (16).
4. according to any described a kind of groundnut sheller of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve (7) and cleaning fan (8) all are arranged on the frame (1) in the inclination mode, angle between described vibratory sieve (7) and the horizontal plane is 0~10 °, and the angle between the air outlet of described cleaning fan (8) and hulling drum (5) the outlet vertical direction is-10~10 °.
5. a kind of groundnut sheller according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described power set are motor (2), described motor (2) is by belt I(20) link to each other with big belt wheel (12), and drive the running of shelling roller (13) by shelling roll shaft (10); Described shelling roll shaft (10) is by belt III(9) link to each other with small pulley (11), it is reciprocating that described small pulley (11) drives vibratory sieve (7) by eccentric (19); Described motor (2) is by belt II(21) with belt wheel II(3) link to each other, and pass through belt wheel II(3) the driving cleaning fan.
CN 201220732326 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Peanut huller Withdrawn - After Issue CN203167978U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220732326 CN203167978U (en) 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Peanut huller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220732326 CN203167978U (en) 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Peanut huller

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203167978U true CN203167978U (en) 2013-09-04

Family

ID=49064748

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220732326 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203167978U (en) 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Peanut huller

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203167978U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103027363A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-10 青岛农业大学 Peanut sheller
CN104188058A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-12-10 丹阳圣丽园农业发展有限公司 Automatic husking device for peanut seeds
CN106262962A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 江苏新光数控技术有限公司 A kind of drawing mechanism of automatization peanut huling machine
US9629390B1 (en) * 2013-01-26 2017-04-25 Turner Innovations Ltd. Sorrel harvesting machine with spaced apart rotating return and cutting drums moving in opposite directions at a throat therebetween
CN108685109A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-10-23 河南省农业科学院长垣分院 A kind of rotary peanut removing device
CN108685110A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-10-23 河南省农业科学院长垣分院 A kind of double-cylinder type earthnut sheller
CN109965307A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-07-05 凤台县农盼水稻机插服务专业合作社 A kind of agricultural scraper-type peanut husking device
CN110393301A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-11-01 南京灵雀智能制造有限公司 A kind of scraper-type peanut huling machine and its decladding method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103027363A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-10 青岛农业大学 Peanut sheller
US9629390B1 (en) * 2013-01-26 2017-04-25 Turner Innovations Ltd. Sorrel harvesting machine with spaced apart rotating return and cutting drums moving in opposite directions at a throat therebetween
CN104188058A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-12-10 丹阳圣丽园农业发展有限公司 Automatic husking device for peanut seeds
CN104188058B (en) * 2014-07-14 2016-07-06 丹阳圣丽园农业发展有限公司 A kind of automatic peeling apparatus of peanut seed
CN106262962A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 江苏新光数控技术有限公司 A kind of drawing mechanism of automatization peanut huling machine
CN108685109A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-10-23 河南省农业科学院长垣分院 A kind of rotary peanut removing device
CN108685110A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-10-23 河南省农业科学院长垣分院 A kind of double-cylinder type earthnut sheller
CN110393301A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-11-01 南京灵雀智能制造有限公司 A kind of scraper-type peanut huling machine and its decladding method
CN109965307A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-07-05 凤台县农盼水稻机插服务专业合作社 A kind of agricultural scraper-type peanut husking device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203167978U (en) Peanut huller
CN103027363B (en) A kind of groundnut sheller
CN204837160U (en) Maize seed thresher
CN100435670C (en) Extruding peanut shelling machine
CN105852155B (en) One cultivates peanut classification hulling machine
CN102028299A (en) Peanut huller
CN202286197U (en) Ginkgo huller
CN207040805U (en) Camellia seed oil production process raw material removing device
CN201898862U (en) Peanut sheller
CN208540693U (en) A kind of agricultural and sideline product roughing peanut peeling separating screen device
CN103734877B (en) A kind of silybum marianum seed shelling and method of separating hull and kernel
CN203523754U (en) Chinese chestnut self-adaptive peeling machine
CN204888672U (en) Chinese chestnut, dual -purpose peeling machine of fibert
CN103141916B (en) Full-automatic nut opening machine for macadamia nuts
CN107361375A (en) A kind of broad bean sheller
CN105029650B (en) The dual-purpose peeling machine of a kind of Chinese chestnut, fibert
CN208527312U (en) Peanut vine crushes membrane removal dust removal machine
CN206184504U (en) Bright rice machine
CN205695509U (en) A kind of family expenses groundnut sheller
CN205093530U (en) Cashew nut production system of processing
CN204763280U (en) Two broken shell peanut kind peel machines
CN108722532A (en) A kind of big rice processing method
CN203058241U (en) Peanut seed husking machine classification screening mechanism
CN202738759U (en) Double-deck sieve pumpkin seed huller
CN202387675U (en) Ginkgo nut cleaning and sorting machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130904

Effective date of abandoning: 20150902