CN103027363A - Peanut sheller - Google Patents

Peanut sheller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103027363A
CN103027363A CN2012105779658A CN201210577965A CN103027363A CN 103027363 A CN103027363 A CN 103027363A CN 2012105779658 A CN2012105779658 A CN 2012105779658A CN 201210577965 A CN201210577965 A CN 201210577965A CN 103027363 A CN103027363 A CN 103027363A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shelling
sieve plate
roller
cleaning
hulling
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN2012105779658A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103027363B (en
Inventor
尚书旗
王东伟
连政国
崔传兵
王家胜
王延耀
杨然兵
栾贵东
徐祝欣
孙玉涛
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Qingdao Agricultural University
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Application filed by Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Agricultural University
Priority to CN201210577965.8A priority Critical patent/CN103027363B/en
Publication of CN103027363A publication Critical patent/CN103027363A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103027363B publication Critical patent/CN103027363B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a peanut sheller, which comprises a rack, a power device, a shelling device and a cleaning device, wherein the power device, the shelling device and the cleaning device are arranged on the rack; the power device is connected with the shelling device and the cleaning device respectively; the cleaning device is arranged just below an outlet of the shelling device; the shelling device comprises a feeding hopper and a shelling drum; the cleaning device comprises a vibrating screen and a cleaning fan; the shelling drum comprises a drum shell, a shelling roller and a concave grid; the concave grid is a semi-cylindrical bar type concave grid which is arranged between the shelling roller and the drum shell; the shelling roller is a four-section rubber groove type shelling roller; the shelling roller comprises a shelling roller shaft and four sections of independent tooth-shaped roller bodies which are arranged on the shelling roller shaft; and the tooth-shaped roller bodies are made of rubber. According to the peanut sheller, the four-section rubber groove type shelling roller is adopted, so that the peanut sheller is convenient to replace and the maintenance cost of the equipment is reduced; and the damage phenomenon of peanuts caused by over-high hardness of the roller bodies is also reduced and the economic benefit is improved.

Description

A kind of groundnut sheller
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, relate in particular to a kind of groundnut sheller for the shelling of peanut fruit.
Background technology
Peanut has another name called peanut, is described as " Vegetable meat " by people, and oil content is up to 50%, and is best in quality, smell delicate fragrance.Peanut also is used for printing and dyeing, paper industry except edible; Peanut also is a herb, is suitable for the symptoms such as malnutrition, taste imbalance, cough asthma due to excessive phlegm and milk lack.As a kind of important industrial crops, peanut has widely cultivated area in China.Therefore, the results of peanut and shelling mode have great importance for the regional expanding economy of plantation.
Traditional peanut shelling method is manual peeling off, and this mode efficient is low, recruitment is many, has a strong impact on economic benefit.In recent years, along with the expansion of peanut cultivation area and the raising of peanut yield, the application of groundnut sheller increased gradually, and became gradually the convenient machinery that replaces peel manually shell side formula.The production efficiency of groundnut sheller is 10~50 times of manually peeling off, but the integrality of the rear shelled peanut of can't as craft is peeled off, guaranteeing to peel off.At the existing peanut shelling machinery of China, people all adopt horizontal groundnut sheller that peanut pod is shelled, the critical piece of its hulling machine is hulling drum and grizzly bar concave grate, the shelling principle is by the body of High Rotation Speed the peanut shell to be taken off, the broken shell of the shelled peanut of broken shell and peanut is separated from the grizzly bar concave grate, peanut shell is blown out from impurity discharging port by the distinguished and admirable of blower fan afterwards, and shelled peanut flows on the vibratory sieve of inclination and flows out after the screening.There is certain shortcoming in this groundnut sheller: cause easily the damage to peanut in (1) shelling process, percentage of damage is high, has affected economic benefit; (2) the shelling roller is overall structure, in case damage, needs all to change, and cost of equipment maintenance is high; (3) cleaning plant adopts single-deck vibrating screen, and is not good enough to the separating effect of peanut and housing and other impurity.Therefore, this groundnut sheller can not satisfy present stage to the requirement of peanut seed shelling.
Summary of the invention
Problem for prior art exists the invention provides a kind of groundnut sheller, and described groundnut sheller has reduced the damage ratio of peanut, has improved the effect of cleaning separation, has reduced simultaneously the maintenance cost of equipment.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of groundnut sheller, comprise frame and be arranged on power set, hulling device, cleaning plant on the frame, described power set link to each other with hulling device, cleaning plant respectively, described cleaning plant be arranged on hulling device outlet under; Described hulling device comprises feeding hopper and hulling drum, described cleaning plant involving vibrations sieve and cleaning fan; Described hulling drum comprises cylinder shell, shelling roller and concave grate, and described concave grate is the semi-cylindrical shaped grid type concave grate that is arranged between shelling roller and the cylinder shell; Described shelling roller is four-part form rubber slot type shelling roller, and described shelling roller comprises the shelling roll shaft and be installed on the shelling roll shaft four sections separately dentation roll bodies independently that the material of described dentation roll body is rubber.
Preferably, described vibratory sieve comprises screen frame (unit) and is fixed on sieve plate on the screen frame (unit), described sieve plate comprises upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate, the screen-aperture of described upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate, described upper strata sieve plate links to each other with impurity outlet is concordant, and described lower floor sieve plate goes out with main that kind of mouth is concordant to link to each other.
Preferably, described vibratory sieve also comprises time going out kind of mouth, and it is concordant with the lower floor sieve plate to go out kind of mouth for described time, and is positioned at a main end that goes out the close impurity outlet of kind of mouth.
Preferably, described vibratory sieve and cleaning fan all are inclined on the frame, and the angle between described vibratory sieve and the horizontal plane is 0~10 °, and the angle between the air outlet of described cleaning fan and the hulling drum outlet vertical direction is-10~10 °.
Preferably, described power set are motor, and described motor links to each other with large belt wheel by belt I, and drive the running of shelling roller by the shelling roll shaft; Described shelling roll shaft links to each other with small pulley by belt III, and it is reciprocating that described small pulley drives vibratory sieve by eccentric; Described motor links to each other with belt wheel II by belt II, and drives cleaning fan by belt wheel II.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) shelling roller of the present invention is four-part form rubber slot type shelling roller, described shelling roller comprises the shelling roll shaft and is installed in separately dentation roll body independently of shelling on the roll shaft four sections, when the shelling roller needs to change owing to wearing and tearing, only need to change the dentation roll body of wearing and tearing, need not to change whole roll body, therefore it is convenient to change, and has reduced the maintenance cost of equipment; Simultaneously, the material of the dentation roll body of described shelling roller is rubber, therefore, when guaranteeing dentation roll body hardness, increased the elasticity of dentation roll body, thereby reduced the disrepair phenomenon owing to the excessive peanut fruit that causes of metal material roll body hardness, reduce breakage rate, improved economic benefit;
(2) vibratory sieve of the present invention adopts double-deck screen shale shaker, the screen-aperture of described upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate, and the aperture of upper strata sieve plate is greater than the particle diameter of peanut fruit, and the aperture of lower screen version is less than the particle diameter of peanut fruit, thereby guaranteed that size discharges from the impurity outlet that links to each other with the upper strata sieve plate greater than the impurity of peanut fruit, and the peanut fruit goes out kind of a mouth discharge from the master who links to each other with the lower floor sieve plate; The peanut of omitting on the sieve plate of upper strata then can go out kind of mouth and discharges by inferior; Simultaneously, lower floor's sieve plate can also carry out postsearch screening to the impurity in the peanut fruit, has improved the separating effect of peanut and housing and other impurity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is stereogram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of shelling roller among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of hulling drum among the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the top view of vibratory sieve among the present invention.
Among the figure: 1. frame, 2. motor, 3. belt wheel II, 4. feeding hopper, 5. hulling drum, 6. concave grate, 7. vibratory sieve, 8. cleaning fan, 9. belt III, 10. shelling roll shaft, 11. small pulleys, 12. large belt wheel, 13. shelling rollers, 14. cylinder shell, 15. screen frame (unit), 16. masters go out kind of mouth, 17. impurity outlets, 18. inferiorly go out kind of mouth, 19. eccentrics, 20. belt I; 21. belt II.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
A kind of groundnut sheller comprises frame 1 and is arranged on power set, hulling device, cleaning plant on the frame 1 that described power set link to each other with hulling device, cleaning plant respectively, described cleaning plant be arranged on the hulling device outlet under; Described hulling device comprises feeding hopper 4 and hulling drum 5, described cleaning plant involving vibrations sieve 7 and cleaning fan 8; Described hulling drum 5 comprises cylinder shell 14, shelling roller 13 and concave grate 6, and described concave grate 6 is arranged on the semi-cylindrical shaped grid type concave grate between shelling roller 13 and the cylinder shell 14; Described concave grate 6 is welded by direct grate bar and semicircle grizzly bar, and its gap can allow peanut seed and broken shell to pass through.Described shelling roller 13 is four sections rubber slot types shelling rollers, and described shelling roller 13 comprises shelling roll shaft 10 and be installed on the shelling roll shaft 10 four sections separately dentation roll bodies independently that the material of described dentation roll body is rubber.Described vibratory sieve 7 comprises screen frame (unit) 15 and is fixed on sieve plate on the screen frame (unit) 15 that described sieve plate comprises that the screen-aperture of upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate; Described upper strata sieve plate and 17 concordant linking to each other of impurity outlet, described lower floor sieve plate goes out 16 concordant linking to each other of kind of mouth with the master.Described vibratory sieve 7 also comprises time going out kind of mouth 18, and it is concordant with the lower floor sieve plate to go out kind of mouth 18 for described time, and is positioned at a main end that goes out kind of mouth 16 close impurity outlets 17.Described vibratory sieve 7 and cleaning fan 8 all are arranged on the frame 1 in the inclination mode, and the angle between described vibratory sieve 7 and the horizontal plane is 0-10 °, and the angle between the air outlet of described cleaning fan 8 and the hulling drum 5 outlet vertical direction is-10~10 °.Described power set are motor 2, and described motor 2 links to each other with large belt wheel 12 by belt I 20, and drive the running of shelling roller 13 by shelling roll shaft 10; Described shelling roll shaft 10 links to each other with small pulley 11 by belt III 9, and it is reciprocating that described small pulley 11 drives vibratory sieve 7 by eccentric 19; Described motor 2 links to each other with belt wheel II 3 by belt II 21, and drives cleaning fan by belt wheel II 3.
During use, open motor, pour peanut pod into feeding hopper 4, peanut pod is brought in the gap of shelling roller 13 in the hulling drum 5 and concave grate 6, shelling roller 13 rotates, concave grate 6 maintains static, and rubbing between the shelling roller 13 of utilization rotation and the hitting power of 6 pairs of peanuts of concave grate and the peanut shells.Peanut seed after the shelling and broken shell fall from the gap of concave grate 6, and fall on the upper strata sieve plate that is positioned at the vibratory sieve 7 under it from the exit of hulling drum 5.Described cleaning fan 8 blows out the broken shell of most peanut outside the machine in the process of peanut seed and broken shell whereabouts, and the broken shell of peanut seed and small part falls on the upper strata sieve plate of vibratory sieve 7.Vibratory sieve 7 moves back and forth under the drive of eccentric, and the peanut fruit is fallen lower floor's sieve plate by the upper strata sieve plate, and converges to main discharging opening 16 places along the sieve plate that tilts, and derives outside the vibratory sieve; The broken shell of small part is fallen outside the machine by lower floor's sieve plate, and the broken shell of larger peanut and unhulled peanut converge to impurity outlet 17 places by the upper strata sieve plate and collect; The peanut of omission on the sieve plate of upper strata actually goes out kind of mouth 18 and discharges by inferior.

Claims (5)

1. groundnut sheller, comprise frame (1) and be arranged on power set, hulling device, cleaning plant on the frame (1), described power set link to each other with hulling device, cleaning plant respectively, described cleaning plant be arranged on hulling device outlet under; Described hulling device comprises feeding hopper (4) and hulling drum (5), described cleaning plant involving vibrations sieve (7) and cleaning fan (8); Described hulling drum (5) comprises cylinder shell (14), shelling roller (13) and concave grate (6), described concave grate (6) is for being arranged on the semi-cylindrical shaped grid type concave grate between shelling roller (13) and the cylinder shell (14), it is characterized in that: described shelling roller (13) is four sections rubber slot type shelling rollers, described shelling roller (13) comprises shelling roll shaft (10) and is installed in shelling roll shaft (10) four sections separately dentation roll bodies independently that the material of described dentation roll body is rubber.
2. a kind of groundnut sheller according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve (7) comprises screen frame (unit) (15) and is fixed on sieve plate on the screen frame (unit) (15), described sieve plate comprises upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate, the screen-aperture of described upper strata sieve plate is greater than the screen-aperture of lower floor's sieve plate, described upper strata sieve plate and concordant linking to each other of impurity outlet (17), described lower floor sieve plate goes out concordant linking to each other of kind of mouth (16) with the master.
3. a kind of groundnut sheller according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve (7) also comprises time going out kind of mouth (18), described time to go out kind of mouth (18) concordant with the lower floor sieve plate, and be positioned at a main end that goes out the close impurity outlet (17) of kind of mouth (16).
4. the described a kind of groundnut sheller of any one according to claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: described vibratory sieve (7) and cleaning fan (8) all are arranged on the frame (1) in the inclination mode, angle between described vibratory sieve (7) and the horizontal plane is 0~10 °, and the angle between the air outlet of described cleaning fan (8) and hulling drum (5) the outlet vertical direction is-10~10 °.
5. a kind of groundnut sheller according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described power set are motor (2), described motor (2) is by belt I(20) link to each other with large belt wheel (12), and drive the running of shelling roller (13) by shelling roll shaft (10); Described shelling roll shaft (10) is by belt III(9) link to each other with small pulley (11), it is reciprocating that described small pulley (11) drives vibratory sieve (7) by eccentric (19); Described motor (2) is by belt II(21) with belt wheel II(3) link to each other, and pass through belt wheel II(3) the driving cleaning fan.
CN201210577965.8A 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 A kind of groundnut sheller Expired - Fee Related CN103027363B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210577965.8A CN103027363B (en) 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 A kind of groundnut sheller

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210577965.8A CN103027363B (en) 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 A kind of groundnut sheller

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CN103027363B CN103027363B (en) 2015-09-02

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103960749A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-08-06 林双凤 Peanut shelling device
CN103960747A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 庞桂福 Peanut lifting and shelling all-in-one machine
CN104799403A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-29 柳州三农科技有限公司 Dustless hulling machine
CN105103803A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-02 湖北省十堰市林业技术推广中心 Oil-used peony pod threshing apparatus
CN105614903A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-01 武汉轻工大学 Husking machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn
CN105795486A (en) * 2016-05-07 2016-07-27 张小林 Peanut fruit-shell separation device
CN107692251A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-16 宁波佗鹊堂生物科技有限公司 Peanut husking equipment
CN107960667A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-27 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 A kind of stagewise peanut shelling device
CN108745448A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-11-06 福建省复新农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural continuously removes wheat bran process equipment with cereal

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106072686B (en) * 2016-08-01 2018-04-20 武汉纺织大学 A kind of hand-operated sheller for peanut

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2169983Y (en) * 1993-08-26 1994-06-29 山东粮油进出口集团第一整理加工厂 Machine for cracking nuts of peanuts
US5467700A (en) * 1993-02-10 1995-11-21 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Density separation sheller for peanut grade samples
CN2362299Y (en) * 1999-04-14 2000-02-09 吴增康 Peanut huling machine
CN2387735Y (en) * 1999-08-16 2000-07-19 萧宪生 Peanut hulling machine
CN2759131Y (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-02-22 殷良 Dual purpose wet/dry peanuts threshing machine
CN201518709U (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-07-07 河南瑞锋机械有限公司 Peanut sheller
CN201591115U (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-09-29 铁岭佳东花生制品有限公司 Peanut sheller
CN203167978U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-09-04 青岛农业大学 Peanut huller

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5467700A (en) * 1993-02-10 1995-11-21 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Density separation sheller for peanut grade samples
CN2169983Y (en) * 1993-08-26 1994-06-29 山东粮油进出口集团第一整理加工厂 Machine for cracking nuts of peanuts
CN2362299Y (en) * 1999-04-14 2000-02-09 吴增康 Peanut huling machine
CN2387735Y (en) * 1999-08-16 2000-07-19 萧宪生 Peanut hulling machine
CN2759131Y (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-02-22 殷良 Dual purpose wet/dry peanuts threshing machine
CN201518709U (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-07-07 河南瑞锋机械有限公司 Peanut sheller
CN201591115U (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-09-29 铁岭佳东花生制品有限公司 Peanut sheller
CN203167978U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-09-04 青岛农业大学 Peanut huller

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103960747A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 庞桂福 Peanut lifting and shelling all-in-one machine
CN103960749A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-08-06 林双凤 Peanut shelling device
CN104799403A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-29 柳州三农科技有限公司 Dustless hulling machine
CN105103803A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-02 湖北省十堰市林业技术推广中心 Oil-used peony pod threshing apparatus
CN105614903A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-01 武汉轻工大学 Husking machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn
CN105614903B (en) * 2016-03-17 2018-05-04 武汉轻工大学 A kind of shiny-leaved yellowhorn decorticator
CN105795486A (en) * 2016-05-07 2016-07-27 张小林 Peanut fruit-shell separation device
CN107692251A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-16 宁波佗鹊堂生物科技有限公司 Peanut husking equipment
CN107960667A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-27 安徽合众智信科技咨询有限公司 A kind of stagewise peanut shelling device
CN108745448A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-11-06 福建省复新农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural continuously removes wheat bran process equipment with cereal

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Granted publication date: 20150902

Termination date: 20161227