CN106579474A - Two-stage shell-breaking type peanut sheller - Google Patents

Two-stage shell-breaking type peanut sheller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106579474A
CN106579474A CN201611258110.3A CN201611258110A CN106579474A CN 106579474 A CN106579474 A CN 106579474A CN 201611258110 A CN201611258110 A CN 201611258110A CN 106579474 A CN106579474 A CN 106579474A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
breaking
peanut
broken
broken shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611258110.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏静
高志华
王笛
刘欣宁
李晓东
李晓静
余东满
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Henan Polytechnic Institute
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Henan Polytechnic Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan Polytechnic Institute filed Critical Henan Polytechnic Institute
Priority to CN201611258110.3A priority Critical patent/CN106579474A/en
Publication of CN106579474A publication Critical patent/CN106579474A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • A23N5/01Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts for peanuts

Abstract

The invention discloses a two-stage shell-breaking type peanut sheller. The sheller comprises a peanut shell-breaking mechanism, a winnowing mechanism and a screening mechanism, wherein the peanut shell-breaking mechanism comprises a primary shell-breaking mechanism and a secondary shell-breaking mechanism; and the screening mechanism is provided with an un-broken peanut delivery mechanism. The sheller can ensure completeness of big peanut kernels and a shell-breaking separation rate being 100 percent, does not need to manually shell the un-broken peanuts so as to achieve the aim of saving time and labor, and is especially suitable for shelling and separating operation of seed peanuts.

Description

Two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural tool technical field, and in particular to a kind of two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller.
Background technology
More and more as the peanut cultivation of major economic crops with the development of social economy, peanut son's shell is detached Workload is also increasing.Due to low cost, efficiency high, the use of various small-sized earthnut shellers is more and more universal.Peanut is shelled Shell owner will include shell-breaking mechanism and young shell separating mechanism, traditional peanut shell-breaking mechanism include mostly housing, squirrel-cage it is broken Shell roller and grid, by the rotation of broken shell roller and its with the effect of impact of grid the broken of peanut shell is realized.The master of this kind of structure The defect is wanted to be:Because peanut body is not of uniform size, the gap between broken shell roller and grid is slightly larger, then outside individual less peanut Shell can not be crushed, and needed to be sorted out through screening and shelled by hand, or after the gap between broken shell roller and grid is adjusted again It is secondary broken, it is time-consuming to take a lot of work, have a strong impact on peeling efficiency;Gap between broken shell roller and grid is slightly smaller, then Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds is again usually Squeezed broken, especially individual larger excellent seed easily squeezes broken, even more cannot use in seed peanut husking.For solution Certainly this problem, relevant department and producer constantly work out novel peanut shucking machine, but performance is all not ideal enough.
CN102334736 B disclose a kind of earthnut sheller, and it is mainly configured with cage grid and adjusts machine with shelling roll gap Structure, can conveniently realize the timely adjustment in gap between cage grid and shelling roll.But it can only be suitable for different peanut varieties Gap between adjustment cage grid and shelling roll, and the peanut of even same kind individuality also varies, it is difficult to sort Peanut to unified size is peeled off.Moreover, uniform reinforcing rod on its cage grid, itself and shelling roll with peanut rigid impact, Still hardly possible avoids the broken of Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds.
CN102551178 A disclose a kind of earthnut sheller, and it is mainly right with rubber cylinder and upright rubber slab Peanut implements broken shell, and rubber cylinder and upright printing on surface of rubber plate are in convex-concave shape, and inside upright rubber slab spring is provided with, its compared with The good broken and damage problem for solving shelled peanut.However, the structure only has the row on upright rubber slab raised and rubber The axially arranged each row's male cooperation of cylinder is implemented to peel off, and rubber bumps elastic deformation is larger, and its peeling efficiency is relatively low, together When by spring extruding, it is different to different size of fruit body pressure, big to individual big fruit body pressure, individual little fruit body pressure Little, shell-breaking rate must be affected.
The content of the invention
Problem to be solved by this invention is the above-mentioned deficiency for overcoming prior art, there is provided one kind can realize peanut of peeling off Multistage high-quality broken shell, increase substantially the two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller of shell-breaking rate.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:A kind of two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller, Including peanut shell-breaking mechanism, pneumatic separator and screening mechanism, peanut shell-breaking mechanism includes one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of rejuvenators Structure, the screening mechanism arranges non-broken shell peanut export agency.
The one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms include respectively broken shell cylinder and grid, one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two Level shell-breaking mechanism cylinder diameter and grid grid it is of different sizes.
The non-broken shell peanut export agency is by discharging opening, material blanking tube and the storing frame for being arranged on the screening mechanism sidepiece Composition, the two ends of material blanking tube connect respectively with discharging opening and storing frame.
The non-broken shell peanut export agency includes material guiding tube and ajutage in communication, material guiding tube two ends respectively with institute State discharging opening and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms connect and connect, ajutage is connected with pressure fan.
The ajutage air outlet position arranges narrower neck tube.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1)Two-stage shell-breaking mechanism is set in the two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller of the present invention, the complete of larger Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds had both been can guarantee that It is good lossless, broken shell separation rate can be made again to reach 100%, without the need for manually to non-broken shell peanut carrying out manual shell-breaking, reach the raw work that saves time Purpose, the decorticator is particularly well-suited to the detached job of peeling off of seed peanut.
2)The wind model of non-broken shell peanut, not only instead of the artificial loading of non-broken shell peanut, alleviate labour intensity, And can realize that the continuous effective separated with two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms of continuously peeling off of non-broken shell peanut is run, particularly rightly The diameter and the size of grid grid of the cylinder of one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms are set, you can realize two-stage rejuvenator The balanced operation of structure, reduces power consumption.
Description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the blower structure of non-broken shell peanut in Fig. 2.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment one
As shown in figure 1, the two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller of the present invention, including frame 1, peanut shell-breaking mechanism, pneumatic separator and Screening mechanism, peanut shell-breaking mechanism includes one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms, and the screening mechanism arranges non-broken shell flower Raw export agency.One-level shell-breaking mechanism is essentially identical with the structure of two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms, respectively including broken shell cylinder 11,16, net Grid 10,20 and the housing 8,15 with charging aperture 14,18 and discharging opening 32,31, the broken shell cylinder 11,16 the week side of boss are arranged as pressed from both sides Line rubber slab material is made or other elastic Dehulling cutters 13,17, and broken shell cylinder 11,16 is by drum shaft 12,19 and housing 8,15 Connection.Grid 10,20 can adopt mouse cage type structure, be flexibly connected with housing 8,15 by bracket 9,21.One-level shell-breaking mechanism with The difference of two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms be the diameter and grid 10 of its cylinder 11,16,20 grids it is of different sizes.One-level shell-breaking mechanism For the one-level broken shell of peanut, the diameter of its cylinder 11 is less, i.e., it is larger with the gap between grid 10, to avoid peanut seed Grain it is broken;The grid of its grid 10 also than larger, beneficial to passing through for larger Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds.Two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms are used to spend Two grades of raw broken shells, individual less peanut fails to break up peanut shell in one-level broken shell, can after screening mechanism is separated Being sent in two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms carries out secondary broken shell, therefore the cylinder 16 of two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms is relatively large in diameter, i.e. itself and grid Gap between 20 is less, and the grid of grid 20 is also smaller, beneficial to the broken of individual less peanut shell.The pneumatic separator bag Include windmill, the windmill include cylindric windmill housing 2 and in windmill housing 2 and the co-axial heart rotor 4, described turn By main shaft 3 and some blade-like blades 5 being attached thereto, the one end of main shaft 3 is connected with drive mechanism to son 4(Do not show in figure), windmill The two ends centre of housing 2 arranges air inlet 6, and the side corresponding with screening mechanism of windmill housing 2 arranges air outlet and wind-guiding is short Pipe 7.The screening mechanism includes 24, two grades of screen frames 26 of one-level screen frame and broken seed collection material frame 28, one-level screen frame 24 and two grades The bottom of screen frame 26 is respectively provided with screen cloth 25,27.One-level screen frame 24 is used for peanut shell, Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds and dividing for broken shell peanut From its middle part is provided with peanut shell guide baffle plate 23 and goes out faucal 22.The afterbody of one-level screen frame 24 is connected with non-broken shell peanut and derives machine Structure, non-broken shell peanut export agency is by the non-broken shell peanut discharging opening for being arranged on the sidepiece of one-level screen frame 24(Do not show in figure), blanking Pipe 29 and storing frame 30 are constituted.Two grades of screen frames 26 are separated for Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds with broken seed, and qualified Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds is by two The aft mounted outlet of level screen frame 26 is derived, and broken and not plump little Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds falls into broken seed collection through the screen cloth 27 of bottom Material frame 28.Label 33 is screening mechanism vibratory drive mechanism in figure.
When the two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller of the present invention is used, can first start one-level shell-breaking mechanism intermediate roll 11 and selection by winnowing The rotation of rotor 4 in mechanism, peanut to be peeled off is sent in one-level shell-breaking mechanism carries out broken shell.In pneumatic separator wind-force after broken shell In the presence of, peanut shell is discharged by the faucal 22 that goes out of one-level screen frame 24, and the peanut of non-broken shell is led by non-broken shell peanut export agency Enter in storing frame 30, the qualified Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds and broken seed of broken shell fall into two grades of screen frames 26 and discharge respectively after screening again.This When can start two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms, the non-broken shell peanut that will be collected in storing frame 30 is sent in the housing 15 of two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms Two grades of broken shells of row.So, the excellent of larger Ecological Property of Peanut Seeds had both been can guarantee that, broken shell separation rate can be made to reach 100% again, without the need for Manually manual shell-breaking is carried out to non-broken shell peanut, reach the purpose of the raw work that saves time.And the decorticator is particularly well-suited to seed flower Raw detached job of peeling off.
Embodiment two
With reference to Fig. 1 referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, used as the improvement of non-broken shell peanut export agency, it may include material guiding tube 34 and connects therewith Logical ajutage 36, the two ends of material guiding tube 36 are connected respectively with the housing 15 of the non-broken shell peanut discharging opening and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms And connect, ajutage 36 is connected with pressure fan 35.The top of housing 15 can not set charging aperture in present embodiment, be entered by material guiding tube 34 The air-flow for entering can be discharged from discharging opening 31, directly increase the wind-force of selection by winnowing, and the corresponding power consumption for reducing pneumatic separator, is realization The validity of this increment, can also arrange a deflector 37 in the side of discharging opening 31.By wind model, not only instead of not The artificial loading of broken shell peanut, alleviates labour intensity, and can realize continuously peel off separation and two grades of non-broken shell peanut The continuous effective operation of shell-breaking mechanism, particularly appropriately sets the cylinder 11,16 of one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms Diameter and grid 10, the size of 20 grids, you can realize the balanced operation of two-stage shell-breaking mechanism, reduce power consumption.Sending Airduct air outlet position can also arrange narrower neck tube 36-1, to improve air outlet velocity, beneficial to the quick conveying of non-broken shell peanut.
Finally illustrate, above example is only to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted, and this area is common Other modifications or equivalent that technical staff is made to technical scheme, without departing from technical solution of the present invention Spirit and scope, all should cover in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller, including peanut shell-breaking mechanism, pneumatic separator and screening mechanism, its feature exists In:Peanut shell-breaking mechanism includes one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms, and the screening mechanism arranges non-broken shell peanut and derives Mechanism.
2. two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades Shell-breaking mechanism includes respectively the diameter and grid grid of the cylinder of broken shell cylinder and grid, one-level shell-breaking mechanism and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms Lattice it is of different sizes.
3. two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The non-broken shell peanut export agency Be made up of the discharging opening, material blanking tube and the storing frame that are arranged on the screening mechanism sidepiece, the two ends of material blanking tube respectively with discharging opening Connect with storing frame.
4. two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The non-broken shell peanut export agency Including material guiding tube and ajutage in communication, material guiding tube two ends are connected and connect with the discharging opening and two grades of shell-breaking mechanisms respectively Logical, ajutage is connected with pressure fan.
5. two-stage broken shell formula earthnut sheller as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The ajutage air outlet position sets Put narrower neck tube.
CN201611258110.3A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Two-stage shell-breaking type peanut sheller Pending CN106579474A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611258110.3A CN106579474A (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Two-stage shell-breaking type peanut sheller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107136522A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-08 滁州学院 Combined type Gorgon fruit seed removing device
CN110447911A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-11-15 吴宝姿 A kind of tea seed for tea oil production is peeled off separator

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005000089A (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-06 Tsujita Seisakusho:Kk Device for peeling hull of peanut or the like
CN201042191Y (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-04-02 杜献明 Peanut decorticator
CN202949948U (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-05-29 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Shelling rotary drum for peanut sheller
CN203735410U (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-07-30 新疆哎呦喂食品有限公司 Dried fruit huller
CN204426623U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-07-01 山东伟义机械有限公司 A kind of modified groundnut sheller
CN105768122A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-20 沈阳农业大学 Small-sized peanut shelling machine used for breeding

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005000089A (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-06 Tsujita Seisakusho:Kk Device for peeling hull of peanut or the like
CN201042191Y (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-04-02 杜献明 Peanut decorticator
CN202949948U (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-05-29 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Shelling rotary drum for peanut sheller
CN203735410U (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-07-30 新疆哎呦喂食品有限公司 Dried fruit huller
CN204426623U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-07-01 山东伟义机械有限公司 A kind of modified groundnut sheller
CN105768122A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-20 沈阳农业大学 Small-sized peanut shelling machine used for breeding

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107136522A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-08 滁州学院 Combined type Gorgon fruit seed removing device
CN110447911A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-11-15 吴宝姿 A kind of tea seed for tea oil production is peeled off separator

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Application publication date: 20170426

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