CN202425311U - Multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops - Google Patents

Multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202425311U
CN202425311U CN2011205457922U CN201120545792U CN202425311U CN 202425311 U CN202425311 U CN 202425311U CN 2011205457922 U CN2011205457922 U CN 2011205457922U CN 201120545792 U CN201120545792 U CN 201120545792U CN 202425311 U CN202425311 U CN 202425311U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wedge
multifunctional
wedge shape
stand
functional
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011205457922U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄璜
郑华斌
陈灿
傅志强
杨瑞芳
朱华武
扈婷
陈阳
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2011205457922U priority Critical patent/CN202425311U/en
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Publication of CN202425311U publication Critical patent/CN202425311U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

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  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)
  • Transplanting Machines (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops, belongs to the field of agricultural machinery and aims at solving the problem that straws of which the quantity exceeds the threshold are required to be manually operated in advance in a traditional multifunctional sowing machine. The multifunctional wedge tillage machine for the crops comprises a stand, a power device arranged on the front section of the stand, a seedling-broadcast cultivation mechanism, a control system, a fertilizer feeding mechanism, a seed feeding mechanism and a driving wheel, wherein the seedling-broadcast cultivation mechanism, the control system, the fertilizer feeding mechanism and the seed feeding mechanism are arranged above the stand; the driving wheel is arranged below the stand; and wedged gear sets for arranging wedged pits in the filed are arranged below the stand. According to the multifunctional wedge tillage machine disclosed by the utility model, wedged trenches can be formed in the field; meanwhile, the fertilizing is carried out; the seedling-broadcast cultivation operation or point direct seeding operation is realized; and synchronous watering is carried out by using a watering device, and thus direct seeding or transplanting of blocky field can be realized and the energy consumption of tillage is reduced. The multifunctional wedge tillage machine disclosed by the utility model has the advantages of simple structure, complete functions and high popularization value.

Description

Crop is multi-functional carves cultivated machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically, relates to that the little incorporate crop of ploughing, transplant, sow, apply fertilizer, water of a kind of collection is multi-functional carves cultivated machine.
Background technology
Existing multifunctional seed drill mainly contains dual mode: the one, and adopt manpower to operate, waste time and energy, work efficiency is low; The 2nd, combined drill is sowed, but the most structure more complicated of existing sower, operating difficulties; Cost an arm and a leg, and the sowing operation of the time can not watering simultaneously, and seed and chemical fertilizer are mixed; Cause the seed sprouting difficulty easily, rot, lower germination rate, cause production loss.
In the multifunctional seed drill patent of having applied for; Even realized sowing, apply fertilizer, water water integrated; Realization condition is also harsh, for example needs the little chemical fertilizer of dry seeds and particle, for the germination seed sowing with fertilizer (arbitrary form) and the function in field is still failed realization.
Existing multifunctional seed drill generally adopts " plough " shape utensil trench digging, has changed the soil physics structure.Generally preceding stubble stubble height, stalk limited amount are decided when existing multifunctional seed drill carries out the operation of plate field, when surpassing threshold value, required artificial precompose already to reach the threshold value requirement.
The utility model content
The stalk that need require when surpassing threshold value to existing multifunctional seed drill carries out the problem of artificial precompose industry, and the utility model aims to provide that a kind of simple in structure, multiple functional crop is multi-functional carves cultivated machine.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the utility model comprises following implementation step:
A kind of crop is multi-functional carves cultivated machine; Comprise frame; Be arranged on the power set of frame leading portion, be arranged on seedling throwing transplating machine structure, control system, fertilizer mechanism, the feed mechanism of frame top, be arranged on the driving wheel of the below of frame; Its design feature is that the below of said frame is provided with the chisel teeth wheels that are used for offering in the field wedge shape hole.
Thus, carve advancing of the machine of ploughing along with crop is multi-functional, the chisel teeth wheels roll in the field; Set out a plurality of wedge shape holes that are arranged in strips in the field; Adjacent two wedge shapes hole is because the effect of chisel teeth tooth root squeezes out the connectivity slot that connects two wedge shape holes, therefore; After offering completion, a plurality of wedge shapes hole forms strip wedge ditch.
Further, the structure of said chisel teeth wheels is to comprise rotating shaft and the many groups of a plurality of chisel teeths that radially are fixed on the rotating shaft.For the driven in rotation axle rotates, said rotating shaft links to each other with power set through chain or belt.
Certainly, also can be designed as the chisel teeth relative rotation axi can rotate, and then on more smooth soil, does not need design motivation device driven in rotation axle, can realize the rolling of chisel teeth, sets out the wedge shape hole.
Further, said chisel teeth wheels comprise six groups of wedge shape gears, and the distance between the two adjacent groups wedge shape gear is preferably 15cm ~ 25cm, and every group of wedge shape gear preferably includes 12 chisel teeths, and tooth depth is preferably 3cm ~ 8cm, and the facewidth is preferably 3cm ~ 8cm.Further, the distance between the said two adjacent groups wedge shape gear is 20cm more preferably, and the tooth depth of each chisel teeth is 5cm more preferably, and the facewidth is 5cm more preferably.
Said frame leading portion is provided with watering apparatus.
In the utility model, said dynamical system and throwing are planted between system, feed mechanism, fertilizer mechanism and are provided with transmission system; The said throwing system of planting is provided with seedlings sending mechanism and planting mechanism; Said feed mechanism is provided with seeding unit, and said seeding unit is provided with grain conductor; Said fertilizer mechanism is provided with fertilizer apparatus, and said fertilizer apparatus is provided with fertilizer delivering pipe; Said fertilizer mechanism is provided with fertilizer apparatus, and the said throwing system of planting is provided with seedlings sending mechanism and planting mechanism, and said frame top is provided with water tank; Said water tank is provided with water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, and said outlet pipe communicates with grain conductor, can on the plate field, open the wedge shape ditch through said apparatus; Fertilising simultaneously; Throw again and plant operation or put live operation, utilize watering apparatus to water synchronously, can realize that the excess stalk prerequisite property completion next time of plate field opens wedge shape ditch, sowing or transplanting, applies fertilizer and water operation; Fertilizer is concentrated use, moisture is concentrated and is used, the enhancement of environment of root system oxygen, rhizosphere temperature raise; For rice shoot or seed growth effectively provide nutrient, moisture and oxygen and temperature environment preferably is provided early stage, significantly improve efficiency of water application, utilization rate of fertilizer, organic matter accumulation rate, lay the first stone for realizing high yield and soil.
Said watering apparatus is provided with 1 of the long water inlet pipe of 0.2m3 water pot, 3-5m, and 6 of the long outlet pipes of 1-2m are communicated with 6 grain conductors.
Said chisel teeth wheels are provided with six chisel teeth wheel compositions that row's diameter is 25cm, and the space is 20cm.
The utility model adopts above structure; Can open the wedge shape ditch having on the plate field of stalk through said apparatus; Fertilising is thrown and is planted operation or put live operation simultaneously, utilizes watering apparatus to water synchronously; Fertilizer is concentrated use, moisture concentrates and uses, improves rhizosphere oxygen environment, improves the rhizosphere temperature; For rice shoot or seed growth effectively provide nutrient, moisture and oxygen and temperature environment preferably is provided early stage, significantly improve efficiency of water application, utilization rate of fertilizer, organic matter accumulation rate, lay the first stone for realizing high yield and soil.The utility model is simple in structure, and is multiple functional, workable, is particularly suitable for the plate field of excess stalk, and avoid turning over power consumption and crop straw burning contaminated environment have important promotional value in present stage.
Compared with prior art; The beneficial effect of the utility model is: the utility model has realized that the excess stalk prerequisite property completion next time of plate field opens wedge shape ditch, sowing or transplanting, applies fertilizer and water operation; Fertilizer is concentrated use, moisture is concentrated and is used, the enhancement of environment of root system oxygen, rhizosphere temperature raise, and for rice shoot or seed growth effectively provide nutrient, moisture and oxygen and temperature environment preferably is provided early stage, significantly improves efficiency of water application, utilization rate of fertilizer, organic matter accumulation rate; For realizing that high yield and soil lay the first stone; And the utility model is simple in structure, and is multiple functional, has very high promotional value.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is done further to set forth.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the said chisel teeth wheels of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the said wedge shape gear of the utility model.
In the drawings
The 1-watering apparatus; The 2-power set; The 3-driving wheel; The 4-deceleration device;
The 5-support wheel; The 6-feed mechanism; The 7-fertilizer mechanism; The 8-control system;
9-chisel teeth wheels; 10-seedling throwing transplating machine structure; The 11-rotating shaft; The 12-chisel teeth.
Embodiment
A kind of crop is multi-functional carves cultivated machine, as shown in Figure 1, comprises frame; Be arranged on the power set 2 and watering apparatus 1 of frame leading portion, be arranged on seedling throwing transplating machine structure 10, control system 8, fertilizer mechanism 7, the feed mechanism 6 of frame top, be arranged on the driving wheel 3 of the below of frame; The below of said frame is provided with the chisel teeth wheels 9 that are used for offering in the field wedge shape hole, and the rolling of chisel teeth wheels 9 sets out a plurality of wedge shape holes that are arranged in strips in the field; Adjacent two wedge shapes hole is because the effect of chisel teeth tooth root squeezes out the connectivity slot that connects two wedge shape holes, therefore; After offering completion, a plurality of wedge shapes hole forms strip wedge ditch.Shown in Fig. 2 and 3; The structure of said chisel teeth wheels 9 does, comprises through chain or belt link to each other with power set 2 rotating shaft 11 and six groups of a plurality of chisel teeths 12 that radially are fixed on the rotating shaft 11; Distance between the two adjacent groups wedge shape gear is 20cm; Every group of wedge shape gear comprises 12 chisel teeths, and the tooth depth of each chisel teeth is 5cm, and the facewidth is 5cm.
Can on the plate field, open the wedge shape ditch through said apparatus, fertilising is thrown and is planted operation or put live operation simultaneously, utilizes watering apparatus to water synchronously, can realize plate field directly sowing or transplanting, reduces the farming power consumption; Fertilizer is concentrated and is applied to wedge shape ditch bottom, improves plant growing initial stage effective supply nutrient ability; Root system of plant is grown in the wedge shape ditch, can obtain water storage space that enough moisture can rely on wedge shape ditch bottom again makes full use of ditch top when moisture is unnecessary space and obtain enough oxygen; The root system of plant passage that can form through the wedge shape ditch hot-air on top contiguously of in the wedge shape ditch, growing realizes that root heats and improves plant strain growth speed; Carving cultivation formation wedge shape ditch is sowing or transplanting zone when planting plant (three batches) again after following batch (regrowth hair) accomplishes, and the residual body of first planting root system and stalk becomes three batches organic manure, and realization the concentrated of fertilizer used; Sowing or carry out point-to-point watering when transplanting, the soaked field that need not to pour water, the whole field of pouring water, the rice transplanting of pouring water, and can moisture environment preferably be provided, exponential raising efficiency of water application for rice shoot or seed growth.
The content that the foregoing description is illustrated is to be understood that to these embodiment and only is used to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model; And be not used in the restriction the utility model scope; After having read the utility model, those skilled in the art all fall within the application's accompanying claims institute restricted portion to the modification of the various equivalent form of values of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a crop is multi-functional carves cultivated machine; Comprise frame; Be arranged on the power set (2) of frame leading portion, be arranged on seedling throwing transplating machine structure (10), control system (8), fertilizer mechanism (7), the feed mechanism (6) of frame top, be arranged on the driving wheel (3) of the below of frame; It is characterized in that the below of said frame is provided with the chisel teeth wheels (9) that are used for offering in the field wedge shape hole.
2. crop according to claim 1 is multi-functional carves cultivated machine, it is characterized in that the structure of said chisel teeth wheels (9) is to comprise rotating shaft (11) and the many groups of a plurality of chisel teeths (12) that radially are fixed on the rotating shaft (11).
3. crop according to claim 2 is multi-functional carves cultivated machine, it is characterized in that, said rotating shaft (11) links to each other with power set (2) through chain or belt.
4. crop according to claim 1 and 2 is multi-functional carves cultivated machine; It is characterized in that; Said chisel teeth wheels (9) comprise six groups of wedge shape gears, and the distance between the two adjacent groups wedge shape gear is 15cm ~ 25cm, and every group of wedge shape gear comprises 12 chisel teeths; Tooth depth is 3cm ~ 8cm, and the facewidth is 3cm ~ 8cm.
5. crop according to claim 4 is multi-functional carves cultivated machine, it is characterized in that the distance between the said two adjacent groups wedge shape gear is 20cm, and the tooth depth of each chisel teeth is 5cm, and the facewidth is 5cm.
6. crop according to claim 1 is multi-functional carves cultivated machine, it is characterized in that said frame leading portion is provided with watering apparatus (1).
CN2011205457922U 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops Expired - Fee Related CN202425311U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205457922U CN202425311U (en) 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205457922U CN202425311U (en) 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202425311U true CN202425311U (en) 2012-09-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011205457922U Expired - Fee Related CN202425311U (en) 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Multifunctional wedge tillage machine for crops

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104380894A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-03-04 嘉兴职业技术学院 Garden fertilization device
CN109005813A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-18 绩溪袁稻农业产业科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural machinery seedlings of cereal crops quickly transplant planting unit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104380894A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-03-04 嘉兴职业技术学院 Garden fertilization device
CN104380894B (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-07-27 嘉兴职业技术学院 A kind of gardens fertilizer apparatus
CN109005813A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-18 绩溪袁稻农业产业科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural machinery seedlings of cereal crops quickly transplant planting unit
CN109005813B (en) * 2018-08-02 2021-02-19 绩溪袁稻农业产业科技有限公司 Agricultural machine seedling transplants planting device fast

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120912

Termination date: 20151223

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model