CN202290715U - Organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device - Google Patents

Organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202290715U
CN202290715U CN2011203030299U CN201120303029U CN202290715U CN 202290715 U CN202290715 U CN 202290715U CN 2011203030299 U CN2011203030299 U CN 2011203030299U CN 201120303029 U CN201120303029 U CN 201120303029U CN 202290715 U CN202290715 U CN 202290715U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dewater unit
organic waste
filter belt
lower filter
broken
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011203030299U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐文龙
尹然
屈志云
黄文雄
黄丹丹
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China Urban Construction Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Urban Construction Design & Research Institute
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN2011203030299U priority Critical patent/CN202290715U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202290715U publication Critical patent/CN202290715U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model relates to an organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device. The device comprises a pretreatment box and a compost box, wherein the pretreatment box is provided with a feed hole and a discharge hole; the discharge hole is hermetically connected with the compost box; a crushing device, a dehydrating device, a sewage diversion trench and a sewage treatment device are installed in a pretreatment box body; the inlet of the crushing device is connected with the feed hole and the outlet thereof is connected with the dehydrating device; the dehydrating device comprises an upper press belt, a lower filter belt, a transmission motor, a washing mechanism and scrapers; the upper press belt and the lower filter belt form a hermetic diminishing garbage channel between the outlet of a crusher and the discharge hole; the transmission motor is connected with driving wheels of the upper press belt and the lower filter belt respectively in a driving manner; the washing mechanism is installed close to the lower filter belt; the scrapers are fixedly installed on the periphery of the discharge hole; the sewage diversion trench is closely installed below the dehydrating device; and the bottom of the sewage diversion trench is connected with the sewage treatment box. The device adopts the totally closed extrusion method for dehydrating and crushing and has the advantages of low power consumption, good dehydration effect and long service life.

Description

The broken dewater unit of organic waste
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of organic waste treating apparatus, specifically relates to the broken dewater unit of a kind of organic waste.
Background technology
The various discarded objects that dump by the resident in the common specially finger of the house refuse municipal refuse (do not comprise urban operating mechanism and build rubbish).Owing to China resident eating habit and growth in the living standard, the rubbish from cooking of higher proportion is often arranged in the house refuse, the rubbish from cooking of most cities accounts for more than 60% of total amount, and summer, this ratio also can further raise.The rubbish from cooking water content is higher, causes most of organic garbage of city water content about 50%, and some are regional even reach 70%.No matter the organic waste of high-moisture be direct landfill or burn, and deals with that difficulty is big, cost is high and bad to ambient influnence.Reducing garbage disposal cost and difficulty usually need be with being for further processing after the broken dehydration of organic waste again.
Existing organic waste is pulverized dehydration equipment and generally is arranged on landfill yard or incineration plant; Occupation area of equipment is big, and investment is high, and needs earlier rubbish are transported to landfill yard or incineration plant just can be carried out processed; Shipment and delivery cost is higher, and transports unavoidable contaminated environment in the process.The broken dehydration equipment of small-sized organic waste then can be realized the decrement of life garbage original-source, practices thrift cost, convenient transportation.
The broken dehydration equipment of existing small-sized organic waste like CN201669259U and CN201697428U, adopts the mode of screw extrusion to dewater mostly; Dewatering efficiency is low, and for the strong organic waste of the high adhesive of moisture content, it is better that screw extrusion dehydration is higher than 90% garbage dewatering effect to moisture content; For the organic waste of moisture content at 50%-60%; Because the pressure of screw extrusion is less, the filter screen easy blocking, it is not obvious to use dehydrating effect in the mini-plant; And consumption rate is high, and is economical inadequately.
Summary of the invention
To the defective of prior art, the purpose of the utility model provides a kind of simple in structure, the broken dewater unit of the organic waste that the good efficient of dehydrating effect is high.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme:
The broken dewater unit of a kind of organic waste comprises preliminary treatment case and compost case, and preliminary treatment case top is provided with charging aperture, the middle part, side be provided with one with the airtight discharging opening that is connected of compost case; Breaker, dewater unit, sewage guiding gutter and sewage-treatment plant are installed in the casing of preliminary treatment case, and breaker comprises disintegrating machine and the drive motors that links to each other with crusher shaft, and the inlet and the charging aperture of disintegrating machine join, and outlet connects dewater unit; Dewater unit comprises pressure zone, lower filter belt, driving motor, flushing machine and material scraping plate; Last pressure zone and lower filter belt are made up of two rollers and transport tape/filter bag of being set on two rollers respectively; Last pressure zone and lower filter belt surround an airtight garbage shaft between the outlet of disintegrating machine and discharging opening, garbage shaft exports to discharging opening from disintegrating machine and reduces gradually; Driving motor drives with the driving wheel of last pressure zone and lower filter belt respectively and is connected, and flushing machine is installed near the lower filter belt, and material scraping plate fixed installation discharging opening periphery also offsets with last pressure zone and lower filter belt respectively; The sealing of sewage guiding gutter is installed on the below of dewater unit, and integral body is infundibulate, and bottom and sewage disposal case join.
The utility model also can further be realized through following technical scheme:
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, the said pressure zone of going up is made up of two rollers up and down and the transport tape that is set on the roller up and down; Upper roller is installed on the right side of breaker outlet; Lower roller is installed in the front end of discharging opening, lower filter belt by about two rollers forms with the filter bag that is set on the roller of the left and right sides, left roller is installed in the left side that breaker exports; Right roller is installed in the bottom of lower roller and offsets with lower roller, and the direction of transfer of transport tape and filter bag is opposite.
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, the tension force of said filter bag and transport tape is at 0.5-0.7MPa, and the tension force of filter bag is a little less than the tension force of transport tape.
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, said rinse-system comprises flush water pump and Flushing nozzle, and flush water pump is fixedly mounted on preliminary treatment box body bottom, and the Flushing nozzle that links to each other with flush water pump is positioned at the below of lower filter belt.
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, said drive motors and driving motor are the dual-axle motor that becomes one, and are fixedly installed in the bottom of preliminary treatment box body.
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, the said preliminary treatment box body outside is provided with control panel, and motor control switch, power switch and flush water pump switch are set on the control panel.
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, said transport tape and filter bag are the dacron polyester braid over braid that bears the above tension force of 30Pa, and the order number of filter bag is greater than the order number of transport tape.
Owing to adopt above technical scheme, make the utility model possess following technique effect:
1, the broken dewater unit of the organic waste of the utility model, single unit system adopts full-enclosed structure, and the foul gas that organic waste produces can not spill into environment, and life impacts to surrounding resident; Establish disintegrating apparatus before the dehydration, organic waste is broken into even fine particle, be convenient to follow-up dehydration, filter cloth after the dehydration adopts the shower nozzle flushing that is arranged on the bottom, does not influence the organic waste particle after the dehydration.Can realize the continuous crushing dehydration of organic waste, realize minimizing, not only reduce the generation of loading embeading percolation liquid, and reduce the waste transportation cost from the source.Organic particle after the dehydration directly gets into compost case; Because the organic waste moisture content after the dehydration is between 50%-60%; Fragmentation is fine granularity, and for compost is disposed the good condition of having created, compost is disposed and can be realized further minimizing and innoxious on the organic waste source.
2, the broken dewater unit of the organic waste of the utility model, dewater unit adopts the roller fashion of extrusion, under the drive of roller; The clockwise transmission of filter bag; Transport tape transmission counterclockwise, thus make organic waste after the fragmentation bear the effect of pressure and shearing force simultaneously, and the organic waste particle of strainer centre is under the effect of pressure; Water and solid break away from, thereby reach filter effect preferably.The big more moisture content of the cake that conventional state lower filter belt tension value is got is low more, and general Tension Control is at 0.5-0.7MPa, and lower filter belt tension force is a little less than last strainer;
3, the broken dewater unit of the organic waste of the utility model; It is less influenced by the charging moisture content; Organic waste moisture content after the broken dehydration is 52%-59%; Reduce organic-aqueous rate and reach about 30%, power consumption is lower than screw extrusion and horizontal centrifugal dehydration equipment, and garbage dewatering power consumption per ton is 70% of horizontal centrifugal dehydrator and a screw extrusion dewaterer;
4, the broken dewater unit of the organic waste of the utility model, last pressure zone and lower filter belt generally can move 2000h continuously, and the mode of employing intermittent duty can failure-free operation in 2 years, and service life is longer.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation (direction of arrow is the direction of transfer of transport tape and lower filter belt) of the broken dewater unit of the utility model organic waste.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the broken dewater unit of a kind of organic waste comprises preliminary treatment case 1 and compost case 11.Preliminary treatment case top is provided with charging aperture 13, the middle part, side be provided with one with the compost case 11 airtight discharging openings that are connected 10.Breaker, dewater unit, sewage guiding gutter 6 and sewage-treatment plant 7 are installed in the casing of preliminary treatment case 1; Breaker comprise disintegrating machine 2 with 2 drive motors that link to each other of disintegrating machine; The inlet of disintegrating machine 2 and charging aperture 1 join, and outlet connects dewater unit.Dewater unit comprises pressure zone 3, lower filter belt 4, driving motor, flushing machine and material scraping plate 5; Last pressure zone 3 and lower filter belt 4 are respectively by two rollers 31; 32/41; 42 and transport tape 33/ filter bag 43 that is set on two rollers form, last pressure zone 3 and lower filter belt 4 surround an airtight garbage shaft between the outlet of disintegrating machine 2 and discharging opening 10, garbage shaft exports to discharging opening 10 from disintegrating machine 2 and reduces gradually; Driving motor drives with the driving wheel of last pressure zone 3 and lower filter belt 4 respectively and is connected, and flushing machine is installed near the lower filter belt 4, and material scraping plate 5 fixed installation discharging opening 10 peripheries also offset with last pressure zone 3 and lower filter belt 4 respectively.6 sealings of sewage guiding gutter are installed on the below of dewater unit, and integral body is infundibulate, and bottom and sewage disposal case 7 join.
The said pressure zone 3 of going up is made up of upper roller 31, lower roller 32 and the transport tape 33 that is set on the upper and lower roller 31/32, and upper roller 31 is installed on the right side that breaker 2 exports, and lower roller 32 is installed in the front end of discharging opening 10.Lower filter belt 4 is made up of left roller 41, right roller 42 and the filter bag 43 that is set on the left and right roller 41/42; Left side roller 41 is installed in the left side of breaker 2 outlets; Right roller 42 is installed in the bottom of lower roller 32 and offsets with lower roller 32, and transport tape 33 is opposite with the direction of transfer of filter bag 43.Tension force the best of filter bag 43 and transport tape 33 is at 0.5-0.7MPa, and the tension force of filter bag 43 is preferably a little less than the tension force of transport tape 33.
Rinse-system comprises flush water pump 8 and Flushing nozzle 9, and flush water pump 8 is fixedly mounted on preliminary treatment case 1 bottom half, and the Flushing nozzle 9 that links to each other with flush water pump 8 is positioned at the below of lower filter belt 4.
Drive motors and driving motor the best are to adopt the dual-axle motor become one, can be fixedly installed in the bottom of preliminary treatment case 1 casing, and axle of motor is connected with gear with the axle on the roller, and another spool is connected through belt or gear with disintegrating machine.
The preliminary treatment case 1 casing outside can be provided with control panel 12, power switch, motor keying button and flush water pump is set on the control panel 12 opens and closes button.Motor opens and closes the startup of button control drive motors and stops, flush water pump release the button the control flushing pump startup and stop.
The broken dewater unit of described organic waste, wherein, said transport tape and filter bag are the dacron polyester braid over braid; Can bear the above tension force of 30Pa, good wear-resisting type and corrosion resistance are arranged, the order number of filter bag is big; Guarantee the drainage effect, transport tape order number is little, and particle is difficult for the adhesion easy-clear.The above is merely the preferred embodiment of the utility model, is not the utility model is done any pro forma qualification.Any change that is equal to, modification or differentiation etc. that all those skilled in the art utilize the technical scheme of the utility model that the foregoing description is made all still belong in the scope of the utility model technical scheme.

Claims (7)

1. the broken dewater unit of an organic waste is characterized in that:
Comprise preliminary treatment case and compost case, the preliminary treatment case is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, and discharging opening is connected with compost case is airtight; Breaker, dewater unit, sewage guiding gutter and sewage-treatment plant are installed in the casing of preliminary treatment case, and breaker comprises disintegrating machine and the drive motors that links to each other with crusher shaft, and the inlet and the charging aperture of disintegrating machine join, and outlet connects dewater unit; Dewater unit comprises pressure zone, lower filter belt, driving motor, flushing machine and material scraping plate; Last pressure zone and lower filter belt are made up of two rollers and transport tape/filter bag of being set on two rollers respectively; Last pressure zone and lower filter belt surround an airtight garbage shaft between the outlet of disintegrating machine and discharging opening, garbage shaft exports to discharging opening from disintegrating machine and reduces gradually; Driving motor drives with the driving wheel of last pressure zone and lower filter belt respectively and is connected, and flushing machine is installed near the lower filter belt, and material scraping plate fixed installation discharging opening periphery also offsets with last pressure zone and lower filter belt respectively; The sealing of sewage guiding gutter is installed on the below of dewater unit, and integral body is infundibulate, and bottom and sewage disposal case join.
2. the broken dewater unit of organic waste according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
The said pressure zone of going up is made up of two rollers up and down and the transport tape that is set on the roller up and down; Upper roller is installed on the right side of breaker outlet; Lower roller is installed in the front end of discharging opening, lower filter belt by about two rollers forms with the filter bag that is set on the roller of the left and right sides, left roller is installed in the left side that breaker exports; Right roller is installed in the bottom of lower roller and offsets with lower roller, and the direction of transfer of transport tape and filter bag is opposite.
3. the broken dewater unit of organic waste according to claim 2 is characterized in that:
The tension force of said filter bag and transport tape is at 0.5-0.7MPa, and the tension force of filter bag is a little less than the tension force of transport tape.
4. the broken dewater unit of organic waste according to claim 3 is characterized in that:
Said transport tape and filter bag are the dacron polyester braid over braid, and the order number of filter bag is greater than the order number of crossing transport tape.
5. the broken dewater unit of organic waste according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Said rinse-system comprises flush water pump and Flushing nozzle, and flush water pump is fixedly mounted on preliminary treatment box body bottom, and the Flushing nozzle that links to each other with flush water pump is positioned at the below of lower filter belt.
6. the broken dewater unit of organic waste according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Said drive motors and driving motor are the dual-axle motor that becomes one, and are fixedly installed in the bottom of preliminary treatment box body.
7. the broken dewater unit of organic waste according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
The said preliminary treatment box body outside is provided with control panel, and motor control switch, power switch and flush water pump switch are set on the control panel.
CN2011203030299U 2011-08-19 2011-08-19 Organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device Expired - Lifetime CN202290715U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203030299U CN202290715U (en) 2011-08-19 2011-08-19 Organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203030299U CN202290715U (en) 2011-08-19 2011-08-19 Organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202290715U true CN202290715U (en) 2012-07-04

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CN2011203030299U Expired - Lifetime CN202290715U (en) 2011-08-19 2011-08-19 Organic garbage crushing and dehydrating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106001069A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-12 宜昌力帝环保机械有限公司 Complete waste orange treatment equipment and waste orange treatment process
CN107421238A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-12-01 盐城绿城环保科技有限公司 A kind of organic solid waste dewatered drying device and method
CN108339836A (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-07-31 姚莉萍 A kind of absorbing recovery device of efficient and long life
CN110981148A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-10 安徽企路石工程技术开发有限公司 Mud-water separation method
CN111003920A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-14 安徽企路石工程技术开发有限公司 Separation apparatus
CN112496010A (en) * 2020-12-01 2021-03-16 苏州科亿嘉新技术开发有限公司 Kitchen waste high-temperature treatment recycling device
CN112849832A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-05-28 安徽世绿环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste classification cleaning equipment
CN112875996A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-06-01 杭州楠大环保科技有限公司 Perishable garbage treatment sewage purification device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106001069A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-12 宜昌力帝环保机械有限公司 Complete waste orange treatment equipment and waste orange treatment process
CN106001069B (en) * 2016-07-01 2019-01-18 宜昌力帝环保机械有限公司 Useless citrus processing complete set of equipments and technique
CN107421238A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-12-01 盐城绿城环保科技有限公司 A kind of organic solid waste dewatered drying device and method
CN108339836A (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-07-31 姚莉萍 A kind of absorbing recovery device of efficient and long life
CN108339836B (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-12-21 绍兴金阳纺织有限公司 A kind of absorbing recovery device
CN110981148A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-10 安徽企路石工程技术开发有限公司 Mud-water separation method
CN111003920A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-14 安徽企路石工程技术开发有限公司 Separation apparatus
CN112496010A (en) * 2020-12-01 2021-03-16 苏州科亿嘉新技术开发有限公司 Kitchen waste high-temperature treatment recycling device
CN112849832A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-05-28 安徽世绿环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste classification cleaning equipment
CN112875996A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-06-01 杭州楠大环保科技有限公司 Perishable garbage treatment sewage purification device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: CHINA URBAN CONSTRUCTION DESIGN + RESERRCH INSTITU

Free format text: FORMER NAME: CHINA URBAN CONSTRUCTION DESIGN + RESEARCH INSTITUTE

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100120 Beijing Xicheng District Dewai Street No. 36

Patentee after: China Urban Construction Design & Reserrch Institute Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100120 Beijing Xicheng District Dewai Street No. 36

Patentee before: Urban Construction Design & Research Institute

CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20120704