CN202213989U - Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multichannel fruit and vegetable sorting machine - Google Patents

Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multichannel fruit and vegetable sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202213989U
CN202213989U CN2011203002918U CN201120300291U CN202213989U CN 202213989 U CN202213989 U CN 202213989U CN 2011203002918 U CN2011203002918 U CN 2011203002918U CN 201120300291 U CN201120300291 U CN 201120300291U CN 202213989 U CN202213989 U CN 202213989U
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China
Prior art keywords
fruits
vegetables
row
collator
charging
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011203002918U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘世
杨福增
卢毅
刘恒培
刘志杰
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Priority to CN2011203002918U priority Critical patent/CN202213989U/en
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Abstract

A uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of a multichannel fruit and vegetable sorting machine at least comprises a brush, a feeding conveyor, anti-blocking push rods and fruit and vegetable single-row sorters. The brush is mounted above the feeding conveyor which at least comprises a speed adjusting motor and two or more feeding conveyor belts. The fruit and vegetable single-row sorters which are horizontally mounted below the feeding conveyor and perpendicular to the same are mounted at a same height and equal intervals and equal to the feeding conveyor belts in quantity, and each fruit and vegetable single-row sorter at least comprises a left conveying belt and a right conveying belt which are in a V-shaped arrangement and different in speed. The anti-blocking push rods are slidably mounted at feeding ends of the fruit and vegetable single-row sorters in the fruit and vegetable flow direction. The uniform feeding and single-row sorting device is compact in structure, uniform feeding and rapid single-row sorting of fruits and vegetables in the multichannel sorting machine are realized, blockage of the fruits and vegetables at the feeding ends of the fruit and vegetable single-row sorters can be prevented effectively, and fruit and vegetable sorting efficiency is improved.

Description

Even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator and single-row collator
Technical field
The utility model relates to charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables and single-row collator, and even charging of multi-channel and single-row collator when relating in particular to the online high speed sorting of fruits and vegetables belong to fruits and vegetables automatic grader tool technical field.
Background technology
Along with the raising of customer to the fruit-vegetable quality demand, the normalisation demand in large fruits and vegetables transaction and the international fruits and vegetables trade, the fruits and vegetables classification becomes a realization most basic step of its commodity standardization.
In recent years, along with the develop rapidly of Eltec, computer technology, image processing techniques and mode identification technology, utilize technology such as Eltec and image processing to carry out the automatic classification of fruits and vegetables and obtained widespread use.All developed the fruits and vegetables automatic sorting machine of weighing both at home and abroad based on image processing techniques, spectral technique or real-time electronic, and one of core component of this series products be exactly fruits and vegetables even charging and single-row collator.For guaranteeing fruits and vegetables automatic sorting machine normal operation, the fruits and vegetables inlet amount must be basicly stable and can before image, weight signal or inside quality index collection, be realized single-row ordering, could guarantee the order of acquisition of signal and the operability of classification automatically like this.
Chinese patent document number CN201176335 Y has provided a kind of fruits and vegetables separator single fruit feedway that sorts at a high speed; Comprise electrical motor, frame, cylinder, axle, bearing, sprocket wheel, chain and belt conveyor; It is characterized in that: one little one big two drive rolls are installed on imput shaft, and two V-shaped shapes of driven shaft are with driven cylinder respectively on it; Left side belt conveyor is sleeved on active doffer and the left driven cylinder, and right belt conveyor is sleeved on active swift and the right driven cylinder.Single fruit that this patent documentation provides ordering feedway can realize that to a certain extent the single fruit of fruits and vegetables arranges, but guarantees even charging and prevent that single fruit ordering feedway from the scheme of obstruction taking place when not providing the multi-channel sorting.Existing fruits and vegetables feed arrangement seldom can satisfy even charging of multi-channel separator and the single-row ordering of fruits and vegetables, and the fruits and vegetables blocking problem appears in unresolved single-row collator feed end.Given this, even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables of necessary proposition separator and single-row collator.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiency of prior art, and a kind of compact conformation, stable is provided, and can prevent that fruits and vegetables from stopping up at feed end, and can realize the device of even charging of fruits and vegetables multi-channel and single-row ordering.
The purpose of the utility model is achieved through following technical scheme:
Even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator and single-row collator comprise hairbrush, charging feedway, anti-clogging push rod and the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables at least; Hairbrush is installed in charging feedway top; The charging feedway comprises buncher and feeding web at least, and the number of feeding web is at least two; The single-row collator level of fruits and vegetables is installed on the below of charging feedway and vertical with it; The single-row collator of each fruits and vegetables is all in the equidistant installation of sustained height; Its number is identical with feeding web, and the single-row collator of described fruits and vegetables comprises forming V-shape arrangement and different left load-transfer device and the right load-transfer devices of speed at least; Described anti-clogging push rod is slidingly mounted on the feed end of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables at the fruits and vegetables flow path direction.
Distance H between described hairbrush lower end and the feeding web upper surface is greater than the maximum gauge of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables and less than its 2 times of maximum gauges, and hairbrush and fruits and vegetables contact portion adopt soft and resilient material, avoid fruits and vegetables are caused damage.
Described charging feedway is driven by buncher, each feeding web length increase successively and feeding web between be separated with baffle plate, height of baffle plate h is greater than the maximum gauge of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables; Charging feedway and vertical installation of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables, each load-transfer device are all corresponding with the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables, and the fruits and vegetables that make the load-transfer device throw-off end fall can just fall into the center of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables.
Described left load-transfer device and right load-transfer device drive by buncher; The symmetrical plane of left side load-transfer device and right load-transfer device is that a perpendicular and both angulation α scopes are 90 ° to 150 °, and the width L in slit, bottom is less than the minimum diameter of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables; The rear of left side load-transfer device and right load-transfer device departs from fruits and vegetables stream working direction separately and becomes identical acute angle, this acute angle scope with it from left break-in cylinder and right break-in cylinder position respectively is 5 ° to 30 °.
Described anti-clogging push rod and length identical with the single-row collator number of fruits and vegetables increases successively, and its end diameter is not more than position, intermediate portion diameter; Cylinder promotes the anti-clogging push rod along the action of fruits and vegetables stream working direction once at regular intervals under the effect of control system (not shown), avoid fruits and vegetables to block up, and this time gap can be set with the kind difference of sorting fruits and vegetables.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1 the utility model can be realized the even material loading of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator;
2 the utility model can make the quick single-row ordering of fruits and vegetables, have guaranteed the order of image, weight signal or inside quality index collection and the operating reliability of automatic classification;
3 the utility model are simple and compact for structure, can prevent that the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables place from fruits and vegetables occurring and stopping up, and realized operation automation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the axonometric drawing of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the axonometric drawing of charging feedway.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the axonometric drawing of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables, anti-clogging push rod and cylinder combine and assemble.
Fig. 5 is the left view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the birds-eye view of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables.
Label in the accompanying drawing is: 1, feeding device; 2, transition receiving hopper; 3, hairbrush; 4, charging feedway; 5, cylinder; 6, anti-clogging push rod; 7, the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables; 8, end baffle; 401, baffle plate I; 402, feeding web I; 403, baffle plate II; 404, feeding web II; 405, baffle plate III; 406, feeding web III; 407, baffle plate IV; 408, feeding web IV; 409, baffle plate V; 410, buncher; 701, right drive roll; 702, left drive roll; 703, left load-transfer device; 704, right load-transfer device; 705, left break-in cylinder; 706, left driven cylinder; 707, right driven cylinder; 708, right break-in cylinder.
The specific embodiment
To combine accompanying drawing that the utility model is done detailed introduction below:
As shown in Figure 1, even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator and single-row collator are made up of feeding device (1), transition receiving hopper (2), hairbrush (3), charging feedway (4), cylinder (5), anti-clogging push rod (6) and the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables several parts such as (7).
Shown in Fig. 1~6, hairbrush (3) is installed in charging feedway (4) top; The single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) level is installed on the below of charging feedway (4) and vertical with it, and the single-row collator of each fruits and vegetables (7) is all in the equidistant installation of sustained height; Anti-clogging push rod (6) is slidingly mounted on the feed end of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) at the fruits and vegetables flow path direction.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3; Distance H between hairbrush (3) lower end and feeding web I (402) upper surface is greater than the maximum gauge of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables and less than its 2 times of maximum gauges; Hairbrush (3) adopts soft and resilient material with the fruits and vegetables contact portion, avoids fruits and vegetables are caused damage; Fruits and vegetables are at the uniform velocity promoted by feeding device (1), through the buffering arrival charging feedway (4) of transition receiving hopper (2); When charging feedway (4) turned round, hairbrush (3) irregular fruits and vegetables originally " stirred " individual layer fruits and vegetables stream.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3; Charging feedway (4) comprises adjacent successively baffle plate I (401), feeding web I (402), baffle plate II (403), feeding web II (404), baffle plate III (405), feeding web III (406), baffle plate IV (407), feeding web IV (408), baffle plate V (409) and buncher (410); Feeding web I (402), feeding web II (404) feeding web III (406) and feeding web IV (408) length reduce and by buncher (410) coaxial drive successively, and the height h of baffle plate II (403), baffle plate III (405) and baffle plate IV (407) equates and greater than the maximum gauge of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables; Fruits and vegetables are driven the proal while by charging feedway (4); Be separated into 4 fruits and vegetables streams by baffle plate II (403), baffle plate III (405) and baffle plate IV (407); Charging feedway (4) and the vertical installation of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7); Every feeding web is all corresponding with a single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7), makes the fruits and vegetables of the terminal whereabouts of feeding web can fall into the center of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7), and tentatively becomes single-row ordering.
Like Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, end baffle (8) is installed on the feed end of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7), and anti-clogging push rod (6) is slidingly mounted on the end baffle (8), and its number and length identical with the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) number increases successively; This anti-clogging push rod (6) end and left load-transfer device (703) and the vertical distance of right load-transfer device (704) in perpendicular are all less than the minimum diameter of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables, and the end diameter of anti-clogging push rod (6) is not more than position, intermediate portion diameter; Under the effect of control system (not shown), cylinder (5) promotes anti-clogging push rod (6) along the action of fruits and vegetables stream working direction once at regular intervals, avoids fruits and vegetables to block up, and this time gap can be set with the kind difference of sorting fruits and vegetables; End baffle (8) is installed in the material loading end of the single-row collator combinations of fruits and vegetables (7), can prevent that fruits and vegetables from tumbling.
Like Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6, the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) comprises right drive roll (701), left drive roll (702), left load-transfer device (703), right load-transfer device (704), left break-in cylinder (705), left driven cylinder (706), right driven cylinder (707) and right break-in cylinder (708) at least; The symmetrical plane of left side load-transfer device (703) and right load-transfer device (704) is that a perpendicular and both angulation α scopes are 90 ° to 150 °, and the width L in its slit, bottom is less than the minimum diameter of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables; Because the speed of left load-transfer device (703) and right load-transfer device (704) is different and by buncher (not shown) driven in synchronism; Fruits and vegetables are beginning rotation in the transportation forward under the load-transfer device rubbing effect of the left and right sides; Under the friction force effect, all broken away from original position and roll lowest part by the fruits and vegetables of built on stilts fruits and vegetables to the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) with " dos-"; The left load-transfer device of arranging with V-arrangement (703) contacts with right load-transfer device (704) simultaneously; Thereby realization the single-row of fruits and vegetables arranged, and rolls the single-row collator of separating fruit vegetables (7) in order at tail end, gets into the sorting stage.
Like Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6; The rear of left side load-transfer device (703) and right load-transfer device (704) departs from fruits and vegetables stream working direction respectively separately and becomes identical acute angle with it from left break-in cylinder (705) and right break-in cylinder (708) position; This acute angle scope is 5 ° to 30 °, makes the fruits and vegetables center of gravity steadily descend at the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) end, and fruits and vegetables obtain certain initial velocity simultaneously; Realization is to the smooth transition in sorting stage, prevents that fruits and vegetables from damaging.

Claims (5)

1. even charging of a multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator and single-row collator comprise hairbrush (3), charging feedway (4), anti-clogging push rod (6) and the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) at least; Wherein hairbrush (3) is installed in charging feedway (4) top; Charging feedway (4) comprises buncher (410) and two and above feeding web at least; The single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) level is installed on the below of charging feedway (4) and vertical with it; The single-row collator of each fruits and vegetables (7) is all in the equidistant installation of sustained height; Its number is identical with feeding web, and the single-row collator of described fruits and vegetables (7) comprises forming V-shape arrangement and different left load-transfer device (703) and the right load-transfer devices (704) of speed at least; Described anti-clogging push rod (6) is slidingly mounted on the feed end of the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) at the fruits and vegetables flow path direction.
2. even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator according to claim 1 and single-row collator; It is characterized in that: the distance between described hairbrush (3) lower end and the feeding web upper surface is greater than the maximum gauge of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables and less than its 2 times of maximum gauges, and hairbrush (3) lower end and fruits and vegetables contact portion adopt soft and resilient material.
3. even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator according to claim 1 and single-row collator is characterized in that: described charging feedway (4) is driven by buncher (410); Two and above-described feeding web length increase successively and are separated with baffle plate (403,405,407), and baffle plate (403,405,407) height is greater than the maximum gauge of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables.
4. even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator according to claim 1 and single-row collator is characterized in that: described left load-transfer device (703) and right load-transfer device (704) drive by buncher; Left side load-transfer device (703) and right load-transfer device (704) angulation scope are 90 ° to 150 °, and the width in slit, bottom is less than the minimum diameter of institute's sorting fruits and vegetables; The rear of left side load-transfer device (703) and right load-transfer device (704) departs from fruits and vegetables stream working direction respectively separately and becomes identical acute angle, this acute angle scope with it from left break-in cylinder (715) and right break-in cylinder (718) position be 5 ° to 30 °.
5. even charging of a kind of multi-channel fruits and vegetables separator according to claim 1 and single-row collator; It is characterized in that: described anti-clogging push rod (6) and length identical with the single-row collator of fruits and vegetables (7) number increases successively, and anti-clogging push rod (6) end diameter is not more than position, intermediate portion diameter.
CN2011203002918U 2011-08-15 2011-08-15 Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multichannel fruit and vegetable sorting machine Expired - Fee Related CN202213989U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102285529A (en) * 2011-08-15 2011-12-21 西北农林科技大学 Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multi-channel fruit & vegetable sorting machine
CN103803279A (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-21 莱特拉姆有限责任公司 Feed paddle for a processing apparatus
CN104030010A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-10 杭州方盛轻工机械制造有限公司 Cracker base sorting machine
CN106615272A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-10 浙江理工大学 Multistage differential fresh tea leaf sorting and single-column conveyor and single-column conveying method thereof
CN108502491A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-09-07 重庆丰胜天家具有限公司 Dowel sorter
CN108514032A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-09-11 尹圣文 A kind of black tea automation correcting, sequence and tuning equipment
CN108515023A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-09-11 尹圣文 A kind of fresh tea leaf automation classifying equipoment
CN108554843A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-21 成都天创精密模具有限公司 A kind of magnetic core product intelligent circulation sorting system
CN108638161A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-10-12 尹圣文 A kind of tea stalk automatic segmentation equipment of fresh black tea
CN112173664A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-01-05 李婷 Baffle device separates fender interval control adjustment mechanism

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102285529A (en) * 2011-08-15 2011-12-21 西北农林科技大学 Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multi-channel fruit & vegetable sorting machine
CN103803279A (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-05-21 莱特拉姆有限责任公司 Feed paddle for a processing apparatus
CN103803279B (en) * 2012-11-14 2017-06-16 莱特拉姆有限责任公司 The supply blade of processing unit
CN104030010A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-10 杭州方盛轻工机械制造有限公司 Cracker base sorting machine
CN106615272A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-10 浙江理工大学 Multistage differential fresh tea leaf sorting and single-column conveyor and single-column conveying method thereof
CN106615272B (en) * 2016-12-05 2021-10-22 浙江理工大学 Multistage differential speed sorting and single-row conveyor for fresh tea leaves and single-row conveying method thereof
CN108502491A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-09-07 重庆丰胜天家具有限公司 Dowel sorter
CN108554843A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-21 成都天创精密模具有限公司 A kind of magnetic core product intelligent circulation sorting system
CN108514032A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-09-11 尹圣文 A kind of black tea automation correcting, sequence and tuning equipment
CN108638161A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-10-12 尹圣文 A kind of tea stalk automatic segmentation equipment of fresh black tea
CN108638161B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-06-19 福建省仙茶美科技有限公司 Automatic tea stalk cutting equipment for fresh black tea
CN108514032B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-07-03 福建硒来乐生态农业有限公司 Automatic straightening, sorting and direction-adjusting equipment for dark tea
CN108515023B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-08-04 重庆夔春农业开发有限公司 Automatic grading equipment for fresh tea leaves
CN108515023A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-09-11 尹圣文 A kind of fresh tea leaf automation classifying equipoment
CN112173664A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-01-05 李婷 Baffle device separates fender interval control adjustment mechanism

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Granted publication date: 20120509

Termination date: 20120815