CN108515023A - A kind of fresh tea leaf automation classifying equipoment - Google Patents

A kind of fresh tea leaf automation classifying equipoment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108515023A
CN108515023A CN201810391747.2A CN201810391747A CN108515023A CN 108515023 A CN108515023 A CN 108515023A CN 201810391747 A CN201810391747 A CN 201810391747A CN 108515023 A CN108515023 A CN 108515023A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
black tea
tea
classification
deflector chute
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Granted
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CN201810391747.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108515023B (en
Inventor
尹圣文
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CHONGQING KUICHUN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.
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尹圣文
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/04Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices according to size
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • B07B13/14Details or accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fresh tea leafs to automate classifying equipoment,Including bottom adjustment frame,Black tea feeding device,Black tea guide device,Black tea collator,Black tea adjustment direction device and black tea are classified device for sorting,It is fixed with black tea feeding device on the left of bottom adjustment frame upper end,The black tea feeding device includes feed frame,The feed frame right end is equipped with oblique deflector chute,The oblique deflector chute right end is equipped with lateral deflector chute,The transverse direction deflector chute,Oblique deflector chute and feed frame are interconnected,The transverse direction deflector chute,It is additionally provided with feeding conveyer belt inside oblique deflector chute and feed frame,Feeding conveyer belt both ends are equipped with feeding transmission shaft,The feeding conveyer belt is rotatably installed in lateral deflector chute by multiple guiding axis,Inside oblique deflector chute and feed frame,Product of the present invention,High degree of automation,Mitigate the working strength of labourer,Work efficiency is high,Increase the accuracy of classification,Reduce the link for generating tealeaves breakage.

Description

A kind of fresh tea leaf automation classifying equipoment
Technical field
The present invention relates to black tea technical field of processing equipment, specially a kind of fresh tea leaf automates classifying equipoment.
Background technology
Black tea category black tea, older mouthfeel is better, and functional stronger viewpoint is received by most of tea people, has The lonely product of historical value are even more to be more expensive than gold.It uses the large leaf tealeaves of the domestic mountain area plantation in Anhua, by finishing, rubbing, The techniques such as pile fermentation, baking drying are processed into Dark Green Teas and using them as feed purification (including artificial rear fermentation and ageing naturally) It forms.Black tea is broadly divided into level Four, level-one Dark Green Tea:One bud, three leaf is just opened up.Two level Dark Green Tea:At the beginning of one bud, three leaf, four leaf of a bud Exhibition.Three-level Dark Green Tea:One bud five, six leaves.(stay bud, ripe young sprout) level Four Dark Green Tea:Based on ripe branch.(red stalk, lignifying Branch).
The tea dry sorting of existing market is routed in progress after drying more, can be divided into artificial or machine and select, artificial point Stage efficiency is low, and the amount of labour is big, and the choosing classification of dry tea machine can cause tea dry sorting inaccurate, and generate a large amount of powders, and it is unnecessary to cause Waste.Therefore it is contemplated that designing the integrated automatic equipment that a set of fresh tea is classified and cuts out stalk.Black tea leaf quality is the later stage The basis of working process, fresh tea leaf screening plant in China's is based on the bamboo drum-type screening machine of taper at present, and the equipment is with bamboo The thin bamboo strip is material, is woven into the roller for being covered with sieve pore, and classification purpose may be implemented in fresh tea leaves when being rolled in roller.(referring to:Invention Patent 201710962511.5) this method is easy to operate, of low cost, but the often part of the sieve pore during use on screen drum Blocked by fresh leaf, moreover, for the generally relatively thick old black tea fresh tea of branches and leaves, the classification of tealeaves is mainly reflected in length On difference become apparent from, this drum-type screening machine has that tealeaves is not easy to leak down and be classified inaccuracy.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of fresh tea leafs to automate classifying equipoment, to solve to carry in above-mentioned background technology The problem of going out.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of fresh tea leaf automates classifying equipoment, including bottom adjustment frame, black tea feeding device, black tea guide device, Black tea collator, black tea adjustment direction device and black tea are classified device for sorting, and the fixation of bottom adjustment frame upper end left side is set There is black tea feeding device, the black tea feeding device includes feed frame, and the feed frame right end is equipped with oblique deflector chute, described Oblique deflector chute right end is equipped with lateral deflector chute, and the transverse direction deflector chute, oblique deflector chute and feed frame are interconnected, the transverse direction Feeding conveyer belt is additionally provided with inside deflector chute, oblique deflector chute and feed frame, feeding conveyer belt both ends are transmitted equipped with feeding Axis, the feeding conveyer belt are rotatably installed in by multiple guiding axis inside lateral deflector chute, oblique deflector chute and feed frame, institute It states feed frame inner upper and is additionally provided with multiple groups of tea wheel shafts, described group of tea wheel shaft is equipped with multiple groups of tea wheels;
The black tea guide device left end is located at below lateral deflector chute right end, and the black tea guide device is located at black tea On the left of collator upper end, the black tea guide device includes conveyer belt supporting rack and bottom supporting rack, the conveyer belt support Frame bottom surrounding is fixedly connected by multiple springs with bottom supporting rack, and conveyer belt supporting rack upper end is surrounded by multiple shake Dynamic motor, the conveyer belt supporting rack are internally provided with the equal correcting conveyer belt laterally discharged of multiple spacing, and the correcting passes Band is sent to be rotatablely connected by the correcting motor of correcting transmission shaft and conveyer belt supporting rack right end;
The black tea collator is fixedly mounted on the right side of the adjustment frame upper end of bottom, and the black tea collator includes sequence Rack, the sequence rack bosom are equipped with sequence conveyer belt, and the sequence conveyer belt left and right ends pass through the transmission shaft that sorts It is fixedly connected with sequence rack, crown bit is equipped among the sequence frame upper end, the crown bit lower inside is equipped with multiple Idler wheel, the idler wheel are fixedly mounted on sequence conveyer belt upper end by crown bit, the crown bit upper end be fixed with it is multiple with The sequence motor of idler wheel rotation connection;
The black tea adjustment direction device is located on the right side of black tea collator, and the black tea adjustment direction device includes multiple Centrifugal turntable, the centrifugal turntable are fixedly mounted on by multiple rugged fixing and mounting brackets on the right side of the adjustment frame of bottom, institute It states centrifugal turntable to be rotatablely connected with fixing and mounting bracket, adjustment motor, the adjustment horse is equipped among the fixing and mounting bracket bottom It is rotatablely connected up to centrifugal turntable;
The black tea classification device for sorting is located at black tea adjustment direction device right end, and the black tea classification device for sorting includes Rack is selected in classification and turntable is selected in classification, and it is inverted U that rack is selected in the classification, and it is equal that both ends on the right side of rack are selected in the classification It is fixed with transmission device, the classification, which selects rack and is internally provided with classification, selects turntable, and turntable and transmission are selected in the classification Device is rotatablely connected, and the classification selects rack front end and is additionally provided with black tea collecting box.
As a further solution of the present invention:The feed frame, lateral deflector chute and oblique deflector chute outer end are fixed with Multiple feeding motors for driving group tea wheel shaft, feeding transmission shaft and guiding axis, and dial tea wheelspan on described group of tea wheel shaft By being gradually reduced greatly with a distance from feeding conveyer belt from bottom.
As a further solution of the present invention:The conveyer belt support frame bottom surrounding is additionally provided with fixed column, the bottom Supporting rack rear and front end is equipped with protrusion, and the protrusion is equipped with the through-hole coordinated with fixed column 38, the fixed column sliding setting Inside through-hole.
As a further solution of the present invention:Correcting conveyer belt section top is arcuation bulge-structure, the correcting Conveyer belt includes big correcting conveyer belt and small correcting conveyer belt, the small correcting conveyer belt be evenly distributed on big correcting conveyer belt it Between.
As a further solution of the present invention:The idler wheel outer end coats rubber sleeve, and the spacing between the idler wheel is big It is small identical.
As a further solution of the present invention:Peripheral block plate, the periphery block plate material are equipped on the outside of the centrifugal turntable Glass or ceramic material is selected to be made, the outer surrounding baffle side is further opened with black tea discharge port, under the black tea discharge port End is additionally provided with second branch's conveyer belt.
As a further solution of the present invention:It includes top rotary table and lower rotary table, the top rotary table that turntable is selected in the classification The transmission device for selecting rack both ends with classification with lower rotary table is rotatablely connected, and the lower rotary table is horizontal, and the top rotary table tilts, The distance between the one end of the top rotary table far from separating, selecting rack and lower rotary table are less than top rotary table close to separating, selecting rack The distance between one end and lower rotary table.
As a further solution of the present invention:The transmission device includes separating, selecting motor and separating, selecting bearing bracket stand, The separating, selecting bearing bracket stand is fixedly mounted on classification and selects rack outer end, and the separating, selecting bearing bracket stand is internally provided with biography Moving axis, the output end that described transmission shaft one end selects motor with classification are fixedly connected, and the transmission shaft other end is selected with classification Turntable is fixedly connected, and the transmission shaft is rotatablely connected by multiple bearings and separating, selecting bearing bracket stand, is equipped between the bearing Bearing spacer, is equipped with bearing (ball) cover on the outside of the bearing of separating, selecting turntable one end, and the bearing (ball) cover is bolted On separating, selecting bearing bracket stand.
As a further solution of the present invention:The second branch conveyer belt right end is transmitted equipped with inclined third branch Band, the third branch conveyer belt right end are equipped with the first partition conveyer belt longitudinally transmitted, first partition conveyer belt rear end Equipped with second partition conveyer belt, it is evenly distributed with partition board on the first partition conveyer belt and second partition conveyer belt, and described The width of first partition conveyer belt is more than the broadband of second partition conveyer belt, and the classification is selected turntable and transmitted apart from second partition The distance of band is gradually reduced.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. by being equipped with multiple groups of tea wheels in black tea feeding device, and dialling tea wheel with conveyer belt apart from from large to small, help The conveyer belt for being drifted apart from by the tealeaves of overlapping, while transmitting obliquely contributes to the tealeaves of overlapping to slide, and ensures tealeaves Planarization.
2. the correcting conveyer belt section top of black tea guide device is arcuation bulge-structure, black tea is contributed to be slipped to seam Gap, correcting conveyer belt are forwarded while being vibrated, and help to separate the tealeaves of overlapping, are convenient for correcting.
3. the roller surface of black tea collator is smooth, distance from bottom sorts conveyer belt apart from very little, not only facilitates tea Leaf slides to gap between idler wheel, and does not damage tealeaves, reduces the waste of tealeaves, avoids unnecessary loss.
4. black tea adjustment direction device compares tender shoots by the way of centrifugal turntable rotation using tea stalk one end of black tea itself The feature of one end weight, tea stalk comes out from black tea discharge port, need not be controlled electronically, cost-effective, and outer surrounding baffle is using relatively light Sliding material will not cause tealeaves to damage.
5. black tea is classified device for sorting, disposably the black tea of different dimensions lengths is distinguished using multigroup turntable rotation mode Gripping comes out, and is reached for black tea classification purpose, and clever structure is cost-effective.
6. product of the present invention, high degree of automation do not need personnel's manual operations, mitigate the working strength of labourer, work Make efficient, increases the accuracy of classification, reduce the link for generating tealeaves breakage.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates classifying equipoment;
Fig. 2 is the overlooking structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates classifying equipoment;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of section at A-A in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the main structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea feeding device in classifying equipoment;
Fig. 5 is the overlooking structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea feeding device in classifying equipoment;
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea guide device in classifying equipoment;
Fig. 7 is the main structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea guide device in classifying equipoment;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of section at B-B in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the dimensional structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea collator in classifying equipoment;
Figure 10 is the overlooking structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea collator in classifying equipoment;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the section at C-C in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the dimensional structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea adjustment direction device in classifying equipoment;
Figure 13 is the main structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates black tea adjustment direction device in classifying equipoment;
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of section at D-D in Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the dimensional structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates that black tea in classifying equipoment is classified device for sorting;
Figure 16 is the overlooking structure diagram that a kind of fresh tea leaf automates that black tea in classifying equipoment is classified device for sorting;
Figure 17 is cross-sectional view at E-E in Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram amplified at I in Figure 17;
Figure 19 be a kind of fresh tea leaf automate black tea in classifying equipoment be classified device for sorting and first partition conveyer belt and Structural schematic diagram at second partition conveyer belt.
In figure:The bottoms 1- adjustment frame, 2- black tea feeding devices, 3- black tea guide devices, 4- black tea collators, 5- first Branch's conveyer belt, 6- black tea adjustment direction devices, the second branches of 7- conveyer belt, 8- thirds branch conveyer belt, the classification of 9- black teas are chosen Screening device, 10- second partition conveyer belts, 11- first partition conveyer belts, 12- partition boards, 21- feed frames, 22- feeding conveyer belts, 23- feeding transmission shafts, 24- dial tea wheel shaft, and 25- dials tea wheel, 26- feeding motors, 27- guiding axis, the oblique deflector chutes of 28-, 29- transverse directions Deflector chute, 31- are sent with supporting rack, the bottoms 32- supporting rack, 33- springs, 34- vibrating motors, 35- correcting conveyer belts, and 351- is led greatly Positive conveyer belt, the small correcting conveyer belts of 352-, 36- correcting motors, 37- correcting transmission shafts, 38- fixed columns, 39- protrusions, 41- sequences Motor, 42- idler wheels, 43- rubber sleeves, 44- sequence transmission shafts, 45- sequence conveyer belts, 46- sequence racks, 48- crown bits, 61- Centrifugal turntable, 62- adjustment motors, 63- fixing and mounting brackets, 64- black tea discharge ports, the peripheries 65- block plate, 91- separating, selecting motors, Rack is selected in 92- classifications, and turntable, 931- top rotary tables, 932- lower rotary tables, 94- separating, selecting bearing bracket stands, 95- spiral shells are selected in 93- classifications Bolt, 96- bearing (ball) covers, 97- bearings, 98- transmission shafts, 99- bearing spacers, 910- black tea collecting boxs.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
~19 are please referred to Fig.1, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:A kind of fresh tea leaf automation classifying equipoment, including Bottom adjustment frame 1, black tea feeding device 2, black tea guide device 3, black tea collator 4, black tea adjustment direction device 6 and black tea It is classified device for sorting 9, Fig. 4~5 is please referred to, black tea feeding device 2 is fixed on the left of 1 upper end of bottom adjustment frame, it is described Black tea feeding device 2 includes feed frame 21, and 21 right end of the feed frame is equipped with oblique deflector chute 28, and the oblique deflector chute 28 is right End is equipped with lateral deflector chute 29, and the transverse direction deflector chute 29, oblique deflector chute 28 and feed frame 21 are interconnected, and the transverse direction is led Feeding conveyer belt 22 is additionally provided with inside hopper 29, oblique deflector chute 28 and feed frame 21, feeding conveyer belt both ends are equipped with upper Expect that transmission shaft 23, the feeding conveyer belt 22 are rotatably installed in lateral deflector chute 29, oblique deflector chute 28 by multiple guiding axis 27 Inside feed frame 21,21 inner upper of the feed frame is additionally provided with multiple groups of tea wheel shafts 24, on described group of tea wheel shaft 24 Equipped with multiple groups of tea wheels 25.
It may be preferred that the feed frame 21, lateral deflector chute 29 and oblique 28 outer end of deflector chute are fixed with multiple be used for The feeding motor 26 of tea wheel shaft 24, feeding transmission shaft 23 and guiding axis 27 is dialled in driving, and dials tea wheel on described group of tea wheel shaft 24 The distance of the 25 feeding conveyer belt 22 apart from bottom is by being gradually reduced greatly.
The operation principle of black tea feeding device 2 is:Staff pours into black tea on feeding conveyer belt 22, and black tea is with upper The transport of conveyer belt 22 is expected by dialling tea wheel 25, and under the action of dialling tea wheel 25, the black tea of upper layer overlapping is gradually pushed aside, from last It dials the black tea that tea wheel 25 comes out for one there was only one layer or have a small number of the case where being overlapped, then be conveyed by oblique conveyer belt, overlapping Black tea, which can be fallen, is only left one layer of black tea, and there is no also have black tea overlapping cases, and then the black tea transport that will only remain one layer To next device.
3 left end of black tea guide device is located at below 29 right end of lateral deflector chute, and the black tea guide device 3 is located at On the left of 4 upper end of black tea collator, Fig. 6~8 are please referred to, the black tea guide device 3 includes conveyer belt supporting rack 31 and bottom Supporting rack 32,31 bottom surrounding of the conveyer belt supporting rack is fixedly connected by multiple springs 33 with bottom supporting rack 32, described 31 upper end of conveyer belt supporting rack is surrounded by multiple vibrating motors 34, and the conveyer belt supporting rack 31 is internally provided with multiple spacing phases Deng the correcting conveyer belt 35 laterally discharged, it is right that the correcting conveyer belt 35 passes through correcting transmission shaft 37 and conveyer belt supporting rack 31 The correcting motor 36 at end is rotatablely connected.
It may be preferred that 31 bottom surrounding of the conveyer belt supporting rack is additionally provided with fixed column 38, before the bottom supporting rack 32 Both ends are equipped with protrusion 39, described raised 39 and are equipped with the through-hole coordinated with fixed column 38 afterwards, and the fixed column 38 is slidably arranged in Inside through-hole.
It may be preferred that 35 section top of the correcting conveyer belt is arcuation bulge-structure, the correcting conveyer belt 35 includes Big correcting conveyer belt 351 and small correcting conveyer belt 352, the small correcting conveyer belt 352 are evenly distributed on big correcting conveyer belt 351 Between, the transmission speed of big correcting conveyer belt 351 and small correcting conveyer belt 352 is different, therefore the black tea being overlapped will separate.
The operation principle of the black tea guide device 3:Black tea is fallen to above the correcting conveyer belt 35 of vibration, due to work Correcting conveyer belt 35 moves forwards in the process, therefore the black tea being overlapped will separate, and 35 section of correcting conveyer belt is protrusion Arcuation, contribute to the landing of black tea, therefore black tea consistent with 35 traffic direction of correcting conveyer belt can axially fall to black tea row On the sequence conveyer belt 45 of sequence device.
The black tea collator 4 is fixedly mounted on the right side of 1 upper end of bottom adjustment frame, please refers to Fig. 9~11, the black tea Collator 4 includes sequence rack 46, and 46 bosom of sequence rack is equipped with sequence conveyer belt 45, the sequence conveyer belt 45 left and right ends are fixedly connected by the transmission shaft 44 that sorts with sequence rack 46, and protrusion is equipped among 46 upper end of sequence rack Frame 48,48 lower inside of the crown bit are equipped with multiple idler wheels 42, and the idler wheel 42 is fixedly mounted on sequence by crown bit 48 45 upper end of conveyer belt, 48 upper end of the crown bit are fixed with multiple sequence motors 41 being rotatablely connected with idler wheel 42.
It may be preferred that 42 outer end of the idler wheel coats rubber sleeve 43, the spacing size between the idler wheel 42 is identical, has Help tealeaves and slide to 42 gaps of idler wheel, and do not damage tealeaves, reduces the waste of tealeaves, avoid unnecessary loss.
The operation principle of black tea collator 4 is:Black tea after correcting is fallen on above sequence conveyer belt 45, as sequence passes Send the transport of band 45, black tea that can be contacted with idler wheel 42, since course of work idler wheel 42 rotates, black tea is automatically into idler wheel 42 Between gap inside, with sequence conveyer belt 45 transport, black tea can be sequenced along 42 gap of idler wheel sequence.
The black tea adjustment direction device 6 is located at 4 right side of black tea collator, please refers to Fig.1 2~14, the black tea tune Whole direction device 6 includes multiple centrifugal turntables 61, and the centrifugal turntable 61 is solid by the fixing and mounting bracket 63 of multiple and different height Dingan County is rotatablely connected mounted in 1 right side of bottom adjustment frame, the centrifugal turntable 61 with fixing and mounting bracket 63, the fixing and mounting bracket 63 Adjustment motor 62 is equipped among bottom, the adjustment motor 62 is rotatablely connected with centrifugal turntable 61.
It may be preferred that 61 outside of the centrifugal turntable is equipped with peripheral block plate 65, the periphery 65 material selection glass of block plate Or ceramic material is made, 65 side of outer surrounding baffle is further opened with black tea discharge port 64, the black tea adjustment direction device 6 Right end is additionally provided with second branch's conveyer belt 7.
The operation principle of the black tea adjustment direction device 6 is:Black tea is after sequence, as sequence conveyer belt 45 transports First branch's conveyer belt 5 is respectively enterd, black tea is then transported to centrifugal turntable 61, centrifugal turntable by first branch's conveyer belt 5 61 high speed rotations, since black tea tea stalk one end is than tender shoots one end weight, so under the effect of centrifugal turntable 61, final black tea tea stalk One end can first touch outer surrounding baffle 65, and final tea stalk one end first comes out from outlet, therefore is reached for black tea adjustment direction purpose.
Black tea classification device for sorting 9 is located at 6 right end of black tea adjustment direction device, please refers to Fig.1 5~19, described black Tea classification device for sorting 9 selects rack 92 including classification and turntable 93 is selected in classification, and it is inverted U that rack 92 is selected in the classification, The classification selects 92 right side both ends of rack and is fixed with transmission device, and the classification, which selects rack 92 and is internally provided with classification, chooses Select turntable 93, the classification is selected turntable 93 and is rotatablely connected with transmission device, the classification select 92 front end of rack be additionally provided with it is black Tea collecting box 910.
It may be preferred that it includes top rotary table 931 and lower rotary table 932 that turntable 93 is selected in the classification, the top rotary table 931 is under The transmission device that turntable 932 selects 92 both ends of rack with classification is rotatablely connected, and the lower rotary table 932 is horizontal, the top rotary table 931 tilt, and the distance between the one end of the top rotary table 931 far from separating, selecting rack 92 and lower rotary table 932 are less than top rotary table 931 close to the distance between 92 one end of separating, selecting rack and lower rotary table 932.
It may be preferred that the transmission device includes separating, selecting motor 91 and separating, selecting bearing bracket stand 94, the separation is chosen It selecting bearing bracket stand 94 to be fixedly mounted on classification and selects 92 outer end of rack, the separating, selecting bearing bracket stand 94 is internally provided with transmission shaft 98, The output end that 98 one end of the transmission shaft selects motor 91 with classification is fixedly connected, and 98 other end of the transmission shaft is selected with classification Turntable 93 is fixedly connected, and the transmission shaft 98 is rotatablely connected by multiple bearings 97 and separating, selecting bearing bracket stand 94, the bearing Bearing spacer 99 is equipped between 97,97 outside of bearing close to 93 one end of separating, selecting turntable is equipped with bearing (ball) cover 96, the axis Socket end lid 96 is fixedly mounted on by bolt 95 on separating, selecting bearing bracket stand 94.
It may be preferred that second branch conveyer belt, 7 right end is equipped with inclined third branch conveyer belt 8, the third point 8 right end of branch conveyer belt is equipped with the first partition conveyer belt 11 longitudinally transmitted, and 11 rear end of first partition conveyer belt is equipped with second Partition board conveyer belt 10 is evenly distributed with partition board 12 on the first partition conveyer belt 11 and second partition conveyer belt 10, and described The width of first partition conveyer belt 11 be more than second partition conveyer belt 10 broadband, it is described classification select 93 distance second of turntable every The distance of plate conveyer belt 10 is gradually reduced.
Black tea classification device for sorting 9 operation principle be:The black tea for adjusting direction is transported to by third branch conveyer belt 8 Above first partition conveyer belt 11, black tea tea stalk one end can be contacted with baffle 12, and then black tea is transported by first partition conveyer belt 11 It is sent to above inclined second partition conveyer belt 10, different grades of black tea length is different, and long black tea is selected from classification The side port of turntable 93 enters, and then black tea upper end, which is graded to select turntable 93 and clamp, is sent to black tea collecting box 910, by being provided with Turntable 93 is selected in three groups of classifications, and classification is selected turntable 93 apart from 10 distance of second partition conveyer belt by tapering into greatly, first screened Go out level Four black tea then three-level, two level, is finally left level-one black tea and transports black tea collecting box 910 with conveyer belt.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of fresh tea leaf automates classifying equipoment, including bottom adjustment frame (1), black tea feeding device (2), black tea correcting dress Set (3), black tea collator (4), black tea adjustment direction device (6) and black tea classification device for sorting (9), it is characterised in that:Institute It states and is fixed with black tea feeding device (2) on the left of bottom adjustment frame (1) upper end, the black tea feeding device (2) includes feeder Frame (21), feed frame (21) right end are equipped with oblique deflector chute (28), and oblique deflector chute (28) right end is equipped with lateral guide Slot (29), the transverse direction deflector chute (29), oblique deflector chute (28) and feed frame (21) are interconnected, the transverse direction deflector chute (29), it is additionally provided with feeding conveyer belt (22) inside oblique deflector chute (28) and feed frame (21), feeding conveyer belt both ends are set There are feeding transmission shaft (23), the feeding conveyer belt (22) to be rotatably installed in lateral deflector chute by multiple guiding axis (27) (29), oblique deflector chute (28) is internal with feed frame (21), and feed frame (21) inner upper is additionally provided with multiple groups of tea wheels Axis (24), described group of tea wheel shaft (24) are equipped with multiple groups of tea wheels (25);
Black tea guide device (3) left end is located at below lateral deflector chute (29) right end, and the black tea guide device (3) position On the left of black tea collator (4) upper end, the black tea guide device (3) includes conveyer belt supporting rack (31) and bottom supporting rack (32), conveyer belt supporting rack (31) the bottom surrounding is fixedly connected by multiple springs (33) with bottom supporting rack (32), institute It states conveyer belt supporting rack (31) upper end and is surrounded by multiple vibrating motors (34), the conveyer belt supporting rack (31) is internally provided with more The equal correcting conveyer belt (35) laterally discharged of a spacing, the correcting conveyer belt (35) pass through correcting transmission shaft (37) and biography The correcting motor (36) with supporting rack (31) right end is sent to be rotatablely connected;
The black tea collator (4) is fixedly mounted on the right side of bottom adjustment frame (1) upper end, black tea collator (4) packet Sequence rack (46) is included, sequence rack (46) bosom is equipped with sequence conveyer belt (45), the sequence conveyer belt (45) Left and right ends are fixedly connected by the transmission shaft (44) that sorts with sequence rack (46), are equipped among sequence rack (46) upper end Crown bit (48), crown bit (48) lower inside are equipped with multiple idler wheels (42), and the idler wheel (42) passes through crown bit (48) It is fixedly mounted on sequence conveyer belt (45) upper end, crown bit (48) upper end is fixed with multiple and idler wheel (42) and is rotatablely connected Sequence motor (41);
The black tea adjustment direction device (6) is located on the right side of black tea collator (4), black tea adjustment direction device (6) packet Multiple centrifugal turntables (61) are included, the centrifugal turntable (61) is fixedly mounted on by multiple rugged fixing and mounting brackets (63) On the right side of bottom adjustment frame (1), the centrifugal turntable (61) is rotatablely connected with fixing and mounting bracket (63), the fixing and mounting bracket (63) Adjustment motor (62) is equipped among bottom, the adjustment motor (62) is rotatablely connected with centrifugal turntable (61);
The black tea classification device for sorting (9) is located at black tea adjustment direction device (6) right end, and the black tea is classified device for sorting (9) include that classification selects rack (92) and turntable (93) is selected in classification, the classification selects rack (92) as inverted U, described point Grade selects both ends on the right side of rack (92) and is fixed with transmission device, and the classification, which selects rack (92) and is internally provided with classification, to be selected Turntable (93), the classification are selected turntable (93) and are rotatablely connected with transmission device, and the classification is selected rack (92) front end and also set There is black tea collecting box (910).
2. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The feed frame (21), lateral deflector chute (29) and oblique deflector chute (28) outer end is fixed with multiple for driving group tea wheel shaft (24), feeding to pass The feeding motor (26) of axis (23) and guiding axis (27) is sent, and tea wheel (25) is dialled apart from bottom on described group of tea wheel shaft (24) The distance of feeding conveyer belt (22) is by being gradually reduced greatly.
3. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The conveyer belt support Frame (31) bottom surrounding is additionally provided with fixed column (38), and bottom supporting rack (32) rear and front end is equipped with raised (39), described convex It plays (39) and is equipped with the through-hole coordinated with fixed column (38), the fixed column (38) is slidably arranged in inside through-hole.
4. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The correcting conveyer belt (35) section top is arcuation bulge-structure, and the correcting conveyer belt (35) includes that big correcting conveyer belt (351) and small correcting pass Band (352), the small correcting conveyer belt (352) is sent to be evenly distributed between big correcting conveyer belt (351).
5. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The idler wheel (42) is outside End coats rubber sleeve (43), and the spacing size between the idler wheel (42) is identical.
6. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The centrifugal turntable (61) outside is equipped with peripheral block plate (65), and periphery block plate (65) the material selection glass or ceramic material are made, described outer Surrounding baffle (65) side is further opened with black tea discharge port (64), and black tea discharge port (64) lower end is additionally provided with the transmission of the second branch Band (7).
7. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The classification, which is selected, to be turned Disk (93) includes top rotary table (931) and lower rotary table (932), the top rotary table (931) and lower rotary table (932) with classification pickout apparatus The transmission device at frame (92) both ends is rotatablely connected, and the lower rotary table (932) is horizontal, and the top rotary table (931) tilts, described upper turn Disk (931) the distance between one end and lower rotary table (932) far from separating, selecting rack (92) are less than close point of top rotary table (931) From selecting the distance between rack (92) one end and lower rotary table (932).
8. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 1 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:The transmission device packet Separating, selecting motor (91) and separating, selecting bearing bracket stand (94) are included, the separating, selecting bearing bracket stand (94) is fixedly mounted on classification and chooses Select rack (92) outer end, the separating, selecting bearing bracket stand (94) is internally provided with transmission shaft (98), described transmission shaft (98) one end with The output end that motor (91) is selected in classification is fixedly connected, and transmission shaft (98) other end selects the fixed company of turntable (93) with classification Connect, the transmission shaft (98) is rotatablely connected by multiple bearings (97) and separating, selecting bearing bracket stand (94), the bearing (97) it Between be equipped with bearing spacer (99), close to separating, selecting turntable (93) one end bearing (97) on the outside of be equipped with bearing (ball) cover (96), institute Bearing (ball) cover (96) is stated to be fixedly mounted on separating, selecting bearing bracket stand (94) by bolt (95).
9. a kind of fresh tea leaf according to claim 6 automates classifying equipoment, it is characterised in that:Second branch passes Band (7) right end is sent to be equipped with inclined third branch conveyer belt (8), the third branch conveyer belt (8) right end is equipped with longitudinal transmit First partition conveyer belt (11), first partition conveyer belt (11) rear end is equipped with second partition conveyer belt (10), described the Partition board (12), and the first partition conveyer belt are evenly distributed on one partition board conveyer belt (11) and second partition conveyer belt (10) (11) width is more than the broadband of second partition conveyer belt (10), and the classification selects turntable (93) apart from second partition conveyer belt (10) distance is gradually reduced.
CN201810391747.2A 2018-04-27 2018-04-27 Automatic grading equipment for fresh tea leaves Active CN108515023B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN205409424U (en) * 2015-08-19 2016-08-03 台励福股份有限公司 Tealeaves branch sieve device that deblocks
CN107047834A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-08-18 武夷星茶业有限公司 A kind of Wuyi cliff tea manufacture device and its production technology
CN107520135A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-12-29 安顺市晶英科技研发有限责任公司 A kind of machine tea picking leaf screening installation

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JP2004154063A (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-06-03 Terada Seisakusho Co Ltd Tea manufacturing sorter
CN202213989U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-05-09 西北农林科技大学 Uniform feeding and single-row sorting device of multichannel fruit and vegetable sorting machine
CN104858146A (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-08-26 江西农业大学 Self-weight type two-roller lotus seed grading machine
CN204888588U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-23 瓮安县清新茶业有限公司 Tealeaves automatic production line with multi -functional sorting facilities
CN205409424U (en) * 2015-08-19 2016-08-03 台励福股份有限公司 Tealeaves branch sieve device that deblocks
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110861161A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-03-06 关志青 Plant stalk and leaf separation equipment

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